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Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Saturday, June 8, 1974 Class Actions Hit In recent years Congress has greatly increased the arsenal of consumer safeguards. The Supreme Court's ruling on class action lawsuits runs decidedly counter to this trend. The court did not bar class action suits, yet the effect of its ruling almost amounts to that. For practical purposes, consumers will be deprived of one of their best legal remedies for dealing with corporate fraud. An individual cheated out of a substantial sum probably will sue the offending firm, and has good expectations of recovery. When a great many have been cheated out of small sums, no individual is likely to sue on his own; the cost of litigation is too great to make that feasible. That is where the class action suit comes in, making it possible to sue the corporation in behalf of all who have been cheated. The Supreme Court has put a serious crimp in this possibility by holding that the party suing in behalf of many others — that is, filing a class action suit — must assume the expense of notifying all concerned who can be identified with reasonable effort. In practice this means that thousands might have to be notified. The cost of doing this would at very least discourage such legal action, and in many cases would be prohibitive. A shrewd comment on the high court ruling was made by the president of the Association of Trial Lawyers of America in a speech to Montana members. "What we are really doing now," he said, "is to give notice to wouldbe defendants that a little bit of cheating will get them into trouble, but that if they do it big enough to enough people they will go scot-free." This may not be what the Supreme Court intended. The end result nevertheless will be to lessen the risk of swindling large numbers of consumers out of small sums. The Advance Man Driv ing Habits There are indications that Americans are gradually driving more and paying less heed to speed limits imposed as an energy-saving measure. That is too bad, since less driving and lower speeds have been mainly responsible for a sharp drop in auto fatalities. The latest evidence of that drop came over the Memorial Day weekend. The highway toll was the lowest in 14 years for such a three-day holiday period. The National Safety Council does not flatly attribute this to reduced speeds and fewer miles driven. Firm answers must await careful analysis of the accidents in which the deaths occurred. The Council's experts do think the statistics may reflect a significant shift in the driving habits of millions over the past few months. That conclusion seems reasonable. This brings us back, however, to the disquieting reports of a return to old driving habits. If it is true that both speeds and miles driven are on the rise again, a corresponding rise in highway deaths may follow. We cannot have it both ways. If we do not reduce unnecessary auto travel and cut down on speed, the downward trend in fatalities is unlikely to continue. % Viewpoint Elitism in Industry By Ray Cromley Advice 'Housewife' Irritates Her By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: My career is my home and family, and I am proud of it. But for some strange reason, when a housewife is asked what she does, she very apologetically says: "I'm ONLY a housewife." This irritates me to no end. When I am asked what I do, I proudly say: "I am an oikologist." The word comes from the Greek words "oikos." which means house, and "ologist" which means "one who studies" or "is an expert in." Please pass this on for other housewives. Perhaps they will feel more important if they use it, too. OIKOLOGIST DEAR OIK: I wouldn't recommend springing that on the average Joe without defining it. The "oikologist" might be mistaken for an expert on pigs. DEAR ABBY: I hope you'll put this Homemaking in your column for those nice people who are guilty, but are not aware of it. Two months ago I had a breast removed, also the lymph glands under my arm. (Cancer.) I am doing fine, and I look fine, so I started to go to my club meetings and to church. Just about every other person I meet is so happy to see me up and around again that they slap or grip my sore arm. I'm sure they don't realize how painful this is because they don't connect my operation with my arm. They are dear people, and I wouldn't hurt them for the world, but, Abby. my arm is still swollen, has fever in it. and when it's gripped it hurts like mad. It's getting so I hate to go anywhere because I'm afraid of this painful greeting I'm sure to get. Maybe some of those nice but slaphappy people will read this and take note. ACHING ARM DEAR ACHING: Consider it done. Sweater Stiffens By Polly Cramer v Being Rich Whether or not it happened exactly the way Robert A. Maheu recalls it, his courtroom testimony about how Howard Hughes came to buy the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas is a dandy yarn. The episode is an intriguing variant on the classic daydream of settling an opponent's hash by buying him out. Say a shoestore manager is uppity about not having your size in stock: you purchase the store and fire the manager. Say the stewardess pointedly fails to smile at your jokes: you buy the airline, and dump the stewardess. And soon. IT Says Maheu, a former Hughes associate, the billionaire feared a Frontier Hotel sign might fall on his penthouse in an adjoining structure. He told Maheu to tell the hotel's owners he wanted the sign removed — and when they refused Hughes just bought the hotel. We don't really envy Howard Hughes and all his money. But wouldn t it be fun, just once, to do something like that? POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — I have two problems. One is with a hand knit Italian sweater that came out hard and shrunken after I foolishly machine washed it with a product sold for cold water washing. The sweater is 80 per cent wool, 10 per cent mohair and 10 per cent nylon. Previously I had washed it by hand. Has anyone any suggestions for remedying my mistake? I was given a sofa that is in very good shape except for the foam rubber cushions. These are out of shape from not being turned and changed more often. Can foam cushions and pads be washed? Thanks. — GERRIE. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is that I no longer can buy just the glass tops for percolators. They come packaged with the parts to reinforce the opening. This makes the purchase price about four times that of the glass alone. -MRS.W. DEAR POLLY — I am answering Mrs. A.L.K.'s request for a way to keep her 13-month- old baby from crawling and falling out of his crib. When my daughter was a baby I measured the width and length of the crib and made a screen top for the crib. It had screw eyes at each corner and was laid across the top and tied on with tape. The child cannot crawl out and perhaps hurt himself but can still play in the crib. — MRS. G.B. DEAR POLLY — I have discovered that a curtain rod is a perfect tool to use when turning such things as belts or other long pieces that are sewn into tubes and have to be turned to the right side. Works like a charm. DEAR ABBY: A year and a half ago I met Jim. I was five months pregnant at the time. I told him about it. but he said he loved kids and he wanted to marry me and he would never hold against me the fact that I had had another man's child. He wouldn't even consider my suggestion that maybe I should give up my baby as soon as it was born. I was so happy I thought I had died and gone to heaven. All of a sudden. Jim changed his mind. Now he wants me to give my baby away. He says he can't love another man's child. Abby. I have grown to love my son. and I can't give him up now. I love Jim. too. and don't know what I would do without him. Is he being unfair, or am I wrong to expect him to accept another man's child? Please help me. I am all mixed up. I am 20 and Jim is 25. ALONE DEAR ALONE: Jim is unfair. He agreed to accept your child. If he now finds that he cannot, you must decide whether you will have fewer regrets giving up Jim or giving up your son. No one can make that choice for you. God bless. DEAR ABBY: In my work I deal with the public. My supervisor told me that the use of the words •'ma'am" and "sir" is not proper — that a "thank you," or a simple "yes" or "no," is sufficient. He insists that when one uses "ma'am" and "sir" he implies that he is socially beneath the person he is speaking to. Is my supervisor correct? I don't share his views. NORTH CAROLINA DEAR NORTH: I don't share his views either. But customs .vary in different parts of the country (or world). In Iowa, where I grew up, "ma'am" and "sir" were used to show respect and had nothing to do with one's social position. Detailed studies of the backgrounds of the men who occupy top positions in American industry and the government reveal what appears to be an- astounding "Ivy League" influence. Also, an amazing infiltration of lawyers in government's top ranks. These studies round that 55 per cent of the nation's corporate leaders, 44 per cent of government leaders are alumni of 12 universities — Harvard, Yale, Chicago, Stanford, Columbia, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cornell, Northwestern, Princeton, Johns Hopkins, Pennsylvania and Dartmouth. Eleven per cent of the corporate leaders and 6 per cent of the top men in government attended one of the 30 "name" prestigious prep schools. Fifty six per cent of the top men in the federal government were recruited from the legal profession and only 17 per cent from American business. Curiously, while the corporate business world has furnished but a sixth of the federal government elite (and though only a quarter of the top federal men have had some high-level corporate experience) nearly 40 per cent of the elite in business and industry have had some high government post at one time or another. This would seem to give the industrial and financial leaders an edge — with a somewhat better understanding of the federal government than top government officials have of business. These data come from unpublicized studies by Professor Thomas R. Dye, of Florida State University, who concludes that "government leadership is not interlocked with the corporate world." Dye's studies concentrated on the 4.000 men who occupy what he determined to be the 5.200 top institutional positions in the United States. In the corporate world, these are the individuals who collectively control half the nation's industrial, communications, transportation, utilities and banking assets and two- thirds of all insurance assets. In what Dye calls the public interest sector, the men he studied control nearly 40 per cent of all the assets of private foundations, half of all private university endownments. and run the ily Times Herald Barbs Our favorite artist does wash drawings. He cleans his brushes in the wash and drinks his sauce straight. Our kids have French fries on their catsup. 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W.WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B.WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year $23.00 All Other Mail in the United States, per year V/.ou BERRY'S WORLD B ) © 1974 by NEA, Inc.i "Don't do anything violent or I'll sue you!" most prestigious civic and cultural organizations — such institutions as Brookings, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Economic Development, the American Assembly, the Metropolitan Opera, the National Gallery of Art and the Smithsonian. In the government, Dye's subjects occupy the key federal positions in the executive, legislative and judicial branches and occupy all top command positions in the military. In his research Dye found that 1,534 presidents and directors control 52 per cent of all manufacturing assets, that 1,200 presidents and directors control 48 percent of all banking assets and that 362 presidents and directors control two-thirds of the nation's insurance assets. Though there are more than 7,000 foundations with assets of $200,000 or more, the 121 directors of the top 12 control 39 per cent of all foundation assets. Furthermore, 656 presidents and trustees control half of all private endowment funds for higher education. As might be expected, Dye found that 76 per cent of the top men in the public interest sector (education, foundations, law, civic and cultural affairs) had advanced academic degrees. More surprising, 49 per cent of the corporate leaders and 77 per cent of the top men in government likewise had these graduate honors. Dye's findings seem to support other studies which indicate that in the top 200 U.S. corporations, there is an overlap in less than one third of all directorships, suggesting there is a great deal of room for competition and that no tiny circle of men controls U.S. industry across the board, as has been suggested from time to time. But Dye's studies do indicate there is an uncomfortable identity of background in schooling in industry, government and in major universities, civic organizations, foundations and cultural organizations. One would want men and women in government, for example, to come more strongly from a wider variety of universities and hope for a higher percentage of non-lawyers — with a corresponding increase from science and engineering, from business and industry, from a range of professions and other fields. Health 'Water Sac' By Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D DEAR DR. LAMB — I had a checkup six months ago, and I asked the doctor why I had an enlarged scrotum (around the testicle on the right side) and wanted to know if I had a tumor. He said I didn't, but the enlargement wouldn't get bigger. I believe the fluid is increasing and it is about as big as an orange. I am 68. Do you think that I should have surgery? There is no pain. I'm going to the doctor at present because of a blood condition; I am a bleeder. The doctor said it was called a hydrocele. I asked what it was and what caused it, and he talked for 20 minutes, and I still don't know. Could you please help me? DEAR READER — Each testicle is contained within a sac, like a plastic bag. Under certain conditions the sac connects with the abdominal cavity. There is normally fluid in the abdominal cavity. The fluid may then collect in the sac around the testicle literally causing a large water sac, which is what the term hydrocele really means. Sometimes there are reasons for the accumulation of the fluid, such as pressure inside the abdomen on the normal mechanism that drains fluid out of the tissues within the scrotum. In any case, it's not unusual for such a bag of water to increase in size. Sometimes these are drained simply by sticking a needle into the bag and draining the water out. The needle does not go into the testicle, just into the swollen and distended sac around the testicle. The problem with this treatment is that water usually comes right back. In some cases doctors will attempt to correct the problem surgically by removing the external sac around the testicle and sealing off the factors that allow the fluid to leak or accumulate into that area. Your doctor may be reluctant to recommend this because you are a bleeder, but even so, that's still an option that could be used if the condition becomes too troublesome. DEAR DR. LAMB — I'm 30, married, and have two sons, ages 9 and 10. My problem is that I do not shave and cannot grow sideburns or a beard. I have taken a lot of kidding about this in the last several months from my friends and even my wife and children. I feel embarrassed when the subject comes up about shaving. I would like to know if I could go to a doctor and get some kind of shot to start to shave. DEAR READER — There isn't any shot that will work. The lack of beard and sideburns in your case has nothing to do with your masculinity or how much male hormone you are producing. Just to illustrate the .problem, in some races beards are quite scanty or non-existant; even though the men may be vigorous, rugged warriors. Whether hair grows or not depends on whether there is a hair follicle present, the root of the hair itself which is imbedded deep within the skin. You are literally bald on the face instead of being bald on the top of the head. To tell you the truth of the matter, I think you've got the best end of the deal. There are a lot of men who are bald on the top of their head who would like to trade places with you and be bald on the face. I don't believe that your friends are showing you proper consideration, and this is because they don't understand the problem. You wouldn't go kid someone because he had a birthmark or because he had a large freckle. Your problem, although not very important, really falls in that ballpark. Club Fights Lib By Lew Koch "Chauvinist Male Pig Club?" That's what the story said in "The Register" in Santa Ana, Calif. It seems that 40-year-old Dick Cangey, a part-time actor, pizza parlor operator and one-time professional boxer read our column about the Reformed Male Chauvinist of the Year award and thought he was "losing his mind." (The article didn't say if Cangey was munching on one of his pizzas at the time.) Cangey was so angry at the thought of a chauvinist reforming he went to a sauna to let off steam. Amidst the swirls, Cangey and a friend came up with the idea of forming a Chauvinist Male Pig Club to combat the dreaded lace menace of women's liberation. The women's liberation movement, Cangey reasons, is pretty much like the Communist party, running around indoctrinating Americans against the concept of marriage, undermining children and talking a lot of gibberish about equal rights. But basically, the situation is not hopeless says Cangey because "...most women want men to dominate them — but always with respect." Of course there is the possibility that Cangey's already substantial acting career might really take off from the publicity his club receives.