Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 12, 1963 · Page 4
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July 12, 1963

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Friday, July 12, 1963
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Golesbura Rcqlstcr-Mail, Galesburq, 111, Fri„ July 12, 1963 All Is Hot Lost! Distribution^ Key to World Food Dilemma By PETER Et5SON WASHINGTON (NEA) - The 100-nation Wofld Food Congress of 1,200 delegates wound up two weeks of talks in Washington last month with the adoption of a charter, recommendations for future action and a final report from United Nations Food arid Agriculture Organization Director General R. B. Sen, of India. The food Congress developed no sensational news that could compete for front-page space with American race relations problems, the Profumo scandal in Britain, nuclear test ban negotiations with the Russians, or all the other things happening in Europe. BUT IT DID DEVELOP solid news which assures that hunger and malnutrition can be wiped off the face of the earth if human beings are sensible enough to use available resources. There is enough arable land available to grow all the food needed by the six billion people (double the present population) who are expected to inhabit the earth in 2000 A.D. There is a reserve of virgin land on which more food can be grown to feed the rapidly increasing populations of Latin America and Africa. In Asia, with its tremendous population, the problem is one of increasing productivity by intensive agriculture, such as Japan's, where there is little idle acreage. No one reported to the food congress that the world would soon have to go on a diet of algae, which would have been first-page news. But "it was recognized that a scientific breakthrough on photosynthesis — the chemical process by which plants convert sunlight into living matter — offers hope for food supplies in future centuries. PROBABLY THE most important finding of the food congress was that the great requirement to insure that the world is welf fed is more education for producers and consumers alike. More than half the population of the underdeveloped countries^ .is illiterate. 4 An illiterate farmer cannot be taught how to increase the production of his land by scientific methods. An illiterate consumer cannot be taught that from the time a child is weaned until it reaches maturity, it needs a balanced diet with ample proteins. There is a world shortage of schools of agriculture and home economics, a shortage of teachers for those schools, a shortage of farm technicians to train farmers in the field. Speaker after speaker at the World Food Congress emphasized thefe can be no freedom from hunger till there is freedom from ignorance. The big problem Is just that simple - and complicated. PERHAPS THE SECOND most imptM'tant problem laid before the food congress for the immediate future is distribution'of ex* f isting world food supplies and. resources so that they will do the most good. > • • This means putting idle matt* power to wofk cultivating under* developed acreage, as well as spreading the world's food sur* pluses among developing countries that do not grow enough food to give their people an adequate diet. The need for an international organization of countries that produce more food than they consume was stressed. The idea is to co-ordinate all aid programs for maximum benefit. The use of surplus foods as par­ tial wage payment to workers off capital improvement projects -such as power dim* and irrigation project* In developing ceun- tries — was suggested #g « tufb 16 inflation in expanding economies. LimH iSxhta ft was recognheed that there Is a limit to the amount of money that can be invested profitably for bringing virgin land -into production or increasing crop yields ,on land now under prfmitive» Inefficient cultivation. But representatives of develop* ing countries pointed out that if one -fourth of the money now spent by the major powers on armaments could be diverted into increasing food production, there would be moi'e than enough capital to wipe out the hidden hunger now afflicting-from a third to a half of the world's population. Racing News Restriction by FCC Criticized EDITORIAL Comment and Review Battle for the Young Voters By FULTON LEWIS, JR. WASHINGTON - The controversial Newton Minow may be gone but his memory lingers on. The storm-centered Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission has deserted the "vast wasteland" of radio and television for a lucrative Chicago law practice. But commission members continue in a dogged campaign to regulate the listening and viewing fare of John Q. Public. Latest FCC proposal is one that would prohibit radio and TV stations from broadcasting almost any news about thoroughbred racing. THE PLAN is based on the' premise that any information about horse racing is of interest to "persons engaged in illegal offtrack betting." Radio and TV stations would consequently be forbidden to broadcast virtually all racing news: track conditions, post times, scratches and jockey assignments. The FCC rules would prohibit, with rare exceptions, the sending out over the nation's airwaves of any horse race anywhere in the land. Stations could no longer give race results unless every race had been run and the track closed for at least one hour. This would be several hours after newspapers hit the streets with race results carried on their front pages. The FCC proposals are ludicrous, according to those familiar with organized crime and bigtime gambling operations. FAR MORE money is wagered on baseball and football, even golf, than on horse racing. Will the commission soon rule that Americans can no longer watch on their 21-inch screens as Mickey Mantle roams the outfield, or the Green Bay Packers move towards another pro football championship; or Arnold Palmer wins the U.S. Open? The FCC regulations may well be unconstitutional. The National Association of Broadcasters has advised the commission: "The fact that there may be illegal wagering on an otherwise legal activity does not give rise to a right to place a prior restraint ... on the programs built around that activity. The natural result of such a policy would be similar restrictions on virtually every sporting event." ; Maryland Governor J. Millard Tawes, a lawyer, has sent word to the FCC that the proposed rules "exceed commission authority arid raise serious constitutional issues." THE FCC, which published the proposed rules on April 23, will make a final decision sometime after July 23. It has been flooded with protests from radio and TV stations, from lawyers, from horsenien, from everyday American citizens interested in thoroughbred racing. The National Association of State Racing Commissioners says the rules are "nothing more than a discriminatory blackout of legitimate news to over 61 million horse racing fans." General Electric, which owns a radio and TV station in Schenecta­ dy, has also voiced its objections to the plan. News reports say GE has raised the grave question whether the proposed rules constitute censorship and abridgement of freedom of speech contrary to the First Amendment of the Constitution and the Federal Communications Act. SIMILAR protests, couched in legal terminology, steeped in legal precedent have been received from coast to coast. The most cogent objection of them all, as far as this reporter is concerned, comes from Vernon Wold, a $2 bettor in Cincinnati: "Please, FCC, don't join the ranks of dictatorial fanatics, crackpots and reformers who want to legislate every step of how I should live my life." Copyright 1963. During the heyday of the New Deal and its early aftermath, it was a commonplace to say that young Americans were voting heavily Democratic; Lately the political interests of the young folk have not seemed so clearly one-sided. The Young Republicans have just finished another of their fire and brimstone conventions in San Francisco. You would hardly know the Young Democrats are alive. In a wide arc across the Old South, into the Southwest and well sprinkled in the Mountain states are new Republican leaders in their tender 30s. They are giving the GOP organization a new face, and some observers dare to suggest they may have already altered the party's power structure. By contrast key portions of the rival Democratic organization look old and tired—and here and there corrupt. Sen. Barry Goldwater reminded the Young Republicans of this in his speech stressing liberal (Democratic) dependence on "corrupt big city machines" for voting power. Yet, despite all the sights and sounds of youthful upsurge on the Republican side, it is not clear that young voters are turning consistently to Republican choices at the polls. Dwight Eisenhower won many of them, but President Kennedy scored well among them, too. The 1962 election results, strongly weighted with Democratic victories in Congress and at the governorship level did not suggest the Democrats are suffering material defections. But every election is a new ball game, and the Republicans will have a golden chance in 1964 to cut into the ranks of youth— and build overall vote totals to winning levels. The Census Bureau says, in response to inquiry, that by November, 1964, there will be 10,300,000 persons who will, have come to voting age since the 1960 election. Not all these will register, or otherwise be eligible to vote. But perhaps 6 million new voters will be on the rolls, two thirds of them in cities and suburbs. These youngsters inevitably will represent one of the important battlegrounds of the 1964 campaign. Who will get them? Is conservatism the theme they want to hear? On the assumption it is, Republicans bang hard on that drum. Or is there still a quiet, somewhat unassertive but pronounced majority for the Democratic party's philosophy and programs? The answer should be one of the most fascinating political results of 1964. Rockefeller Is Up Again on Candidate See-Saw By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN < A WEEK OR SO AGO they were writing Nelson Rockefeller off as the probable Republican nominee for President in 1964. Now, within the short space of a few days, some of the same people who were taking a Rocky collapse for granted are once more speaking hopefully about his chances. , • . The shift is indicative of the quicksands that lie in wait for the political prognosticators between now and convention time next summer. The point is, in this season of undecided issues, that nobody really knows which way seven or eight separate cats are about to jump. A couple of months back the Republicans thought Cuba might be the big 1964 issue; today, the consensus is that responses to civil rights will determine voting patterns. But other things may bulk larger on the horizon tomorrow, depending on what happens after the conclusion of the Soviet-Chinese Marxist policy talks and the nuclear test limitation negotiations. As the political pros wet their fingers and stick them up to catch the breeze, two things have happened to revive the Rockefeller candidacy. The first is the eruption of a feeling that a limping tiger is better than no tiger. After ex-Senator Bush's blast against the circumstances of the Rockefeller remarriage, the eastern liberal Republicans looked around them wildly for another possible standard bearer. The rumor went around that ex-President Eisenhower had a secret preferred list of four, Gov. Romney of Michigan, Gov. Scranton of Pennsylvania,. Gen. Lucius Clay, and Gen. Al Gruenther. But none THE MAILBOX of these men could be inflated to immediate • tiger proportions. Nor did Senator Thruston Morton of Kentucky excite much of a rumble.' LACKING a new tiger, the eastern pros looked once again at Nelson Rockefeller. What they saw was a man who had suddenly grabbed an issue and was off REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Saturday, July 12, 1913 Sparks from a chimney set fire to the shingles on the roof of the home of Dr. H. W. Hurt, president of Lombard College, at the corner of Lombard and Knox streets. Damage was estimated to be about $2,000. Tri-County Picnic Association held a meeting at the Illinois Hotel in Galesburg. running. In the short space after the Governor's return from his Venezuela honeymoon, the limping tiger had managed to demonstrate that he could still get over the ground. With one thrust of a press release, Gov. Rockefeller had managed to out-Kennedy the Kennedys on civil rights, and is now in position to make great mileage out of it at the governors' annual meeting in Miami Beach late in July. There is no doubt that Rockefeller has done the one thing calculated to make people forget his marriage to a divorcee and, .before that, the liquor'scandals and tax troubles that had beset his New York State administration. The supporters of the governor have taken the offensive against Goldwater, charging, in effect, that any Republican who would deliberately woo the South is guilty of lily-white betrayal of the Party of Abraham Lincoln. The theory is that no distinction will be made on election day in the big key states of the Northeast between moderates on the race issue and the most intemperate racists. Goldwater may have helped desegregate Phoenix, Ari- (Continued on page 6) galesburg Regisfer -Mai'1 The Men Who Plan ned to Live Forever In high-level executive ways there is sometimes a surprising lack of ordinary common sense, as a recent magazine article reminded some readers. Referring to an eastern community, it related the case of a large business concern and also a public office, in both of which the top men had made fine records with one glaring exception. They had not taught the complete lore of the institution to any of the employes, with the result that no one was competent to take over the reins, of management after the head man retired. Whether (his resulted from negligence- surprising in otherwise efficient managers— or from self-protection, such as reluctance to see someone develop competence which might hasten the end of the manager's regime, is not important in the final analysis. The fact is that the company and the public office were in difficulties for years after the inevitable retirement of the manager, and the good work he had done was undone by this negligence. Doubtless there are similar cases to be found in many communities. The new manager, wrestling with problems solved by his predecessor and whose solution had been lost, can't give top-grade service and can be judged to have been treated unfairly. In all this there should be a lesson to those in highest offices, to not withhold well- rounded training to capable younger people serving under their direction. Men who plan to live forever, and therefore refuse to see the need for building welfare of their organizations for years beyond their own tenure, are ideological failures no matter how well they achieve lor their own time. Car Fodder The predictable holiday slaughter and mayhem on the nation's streets and highways, having happened again with the usual frightening inevitability, will go into the record books as one more "routine" entry. As for cars, most states understand the need to require periodic checks to assure their good condition. More and more are demanding seat belts in all new cars sold. Motor companies generally are co-operative in designing their product more and more for safety. The driver is the big focus of failure. A high percentage of accidents, fatal and otherwise, are adjudged due either to improper driver control or inadequate attention to driving. It is in this realm of "pilot error" that traffic authorities, lacking proper spur from the people themselves, appear- in poorest light. ?be driver is the "operator" of the ve- I hide, so his license states. Yet it is a fact that many "drivers" do little more these days than accompany the ears they ride in. Their hands and arms are everywhere but on the wheel. They talk, they shift about, they turn their heads away from the road. With laughable understatement, police in one big city protested mildly against drivers who make a "lovers' lane" out of main roads- while moving at speeds up to 50 or 60. By any fair test all this constitutes reckless driving. Until it is uniformly so defined, and heavily penalized for what it is—the chief menace to safe driving—we can treat with scorn the empty blather from official sources about "driving safely." The comings and goings of most traffic police are mere show- window stuff. If safer driving really is desired, the means of urging it seriously through official action are surely at hand. So far nobody has shown much interest in getting down to cases. The death score is ilie proof. What Is It? Editor, Register-Mail: On Friday evening, June 28, at 8:45 we were sitting on our patio along with four friends. Every individual there had just observed our brown-and-white male dog jump up into the bird bath to get a drink. Several commented on this. Then they saw the dog go south down the alley. He came running back in great pain and an examination clearly showed he had been shot. From the time he left until his return a time lapse of not over three minutes had expired. X-ray examination revealed it. to be a .22 caliber bullet which had lodged halfway through his body. I contemplated having the dog put to sleep; however I'm not the only member in this fant ily. This rifle wound necessitated a lengthy operation, which turned out to be all in vain. The dog died Tuesday morning. In the past 14 days two dogs for sure, and possibly three, have been shot with a .22 rifle in exactly this same area of town. In each case the dog has also been wounded in an area of the body where it could get at least part-way home or away from the scene of the crime. Our dog was licensed, had received the required rabies shots and was kept indoors every night. The law states a person cannot discharge a firearm inside the city limits. However! Is this "a person?" So my question is: What is it that fired the gun? Surely it couldn't have been born of a woman and fathered by a man—Bob Peterson, 210 Broad St., Knoxviiie. which was dulling the feelings or emotions of the people of these United States of America before recent agitation in behalf of personal freedom for minority groups. All the controls which are imposed on the American Indians are part of 'the pattern of Big Government — the controls which the Agriculture Department tried to impose on the farmer, for instance, and Social Security, and the proposed medical care for the aged. Space does not permit me to list all the controls which some faction of people who are at the controls in Washington are trying to impose on us (just who are they?) Apathy is the result, unless we as a people speak out loud and strong. — Ruth B. Harkness. TWENTY YEARS AGO Monday, July 12, 1943 Fire which set a couch ablaze at the home of James Woodson, 885 W. Berrien St., caused minor damage. Regular meeting of the Beta Sigma Phi Sorority was held at the Custer Hotel. Office HO South Prattle Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMB EH Register-Mail Exchange 342-8161 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Mi- nois, under Act of Congress of MnTh 3. 1879. DaUy except Sunday. Ethel Custer SchmJth—.—Publisher Charles Morrow •_ Editor M. H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative; Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, De. troit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco, Los. Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City of Galesburg 35c a Week. By RFD mail In our retail trading zone: 1 Year (10.00 3 Months $3.60 6 Months S 6.00 1 Month $1.25 No mail subscriptions accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier in retail trading zona" outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c MEMBER AUDIT BUREAlTOF CIRCULATIONS e ^r Past: The Present If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins.—I Cor. 15:17. * * * Our faith in God asks of Him as a risen Redeemer, and the faith is answered in a Saviour raised from the dead.—Bishop Fallows. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route In retail trading zone. 1 Vear $13.00 3 Months $3.7S 6 Months $1.00 1 "Month $1 -5 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months $5.00 6 Months $ 0.50 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle Weather Answer to Previous Punfo Ml Too Much Control Editor, Register-Mail: "'Freedom is contagious, and it breeds creativity, just as surely as controls breed apathy." Apathy is want of passion or emotion. It is tills very thing ACROSS IShed copiously 5 Air movement 9 Heavy mist 12 Spanish river 13 Flat surface 14 Central American tree 15 Politicians 17 River (Sp.) 18 Allay 10 Persian city 21 Unhurt 23 Hunting cry (var.) 24 Boy's nickname 27 Certain 29 Identical 32 Customs 34 Natural colors 36 Break ties 37 Masculine name 36 Gull-like bird 39 Ore classifier 41 Feminine pronoun 42 Man's name 44 Pierce with a knife 46 Predicament 49 Water sprite 53 Dutch commune 54 Electrical discharge 56'Maible 57 On ship 58 Babylonian divinity 59 Driving Jiazard 60 Soap frgme bar 61 Hardy heroine DOWN 1 Commies 2 Son of Eve (Bib.) 8 Feminine name 4 Shelters 6 Conflict 6 Angrier 7 Greek musical term 8 Showy 0 Ferry fares 10 African sorcery 11 Racketeer (slang) 16 Halted 20 Red dyestuf? 22 Melted 24 Blast of wind 25 Object of use 33 Species 26 Desecration 35 Wayward 28 German 40 Indians statesman 43 Hindu trees 30 Network space 45 Intelligence 31 Princely family test of Italy 46 Half (prefix) 47 Pertaining to id 48 Agreement 50 Feminine appellation 51 Darkens 52 Shield 55 Possesses NEW5PAJ»!B ENTf aPJUSE ASSN,

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