10-Momfay, Apr, i, m Redlands Daily Facts Douglas MacArthur 1880-1964 (Continued from page 1) day dinner at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York on Jan. 26. A delegation ol cadets from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, where the gaieral's illustrious career began, honored him on this occasion. He had recently completed his autobiography, part of which has been serialized in a national magazine. The book is due for publication this falL The death of the five-star general, senior ranking officer in the United States Army, removed from the American scene a public-figure who had writt^ himself brillianUy into the history of Ms time not only as a soldier but as a statesman. As United Nations commander in the occupation of Japan, be became the first foreigner to govern that country. The impact of his personality alone—his public utterances and conduct were in the grand manner—had made him an outstanding world figure since he came dramatically out of retirement and into field command in the Philippines at the sUrt of Worid War TL With him at the end was Jean Faircloth MacArthur, the Murfreesboro, Tenn., girl who became his second wife in 1937 and sailed with hira to the Orient—and into 14 years of adventure and personal danger in two wars and a military occupation. They did not return home until 1951, when the MacArthur batUefield career was ended in the middle of the Korean War; by his abrupt dismissal by President Truman as a commander who publicly disagreed with the military policies of the administration. The planning and execution of his campaign as commander of Southwest Pacific operations in WWn led Allied forces from Australia back through jungled islands and through the Philippines. It has been called masterly by military critics. The audacity and calculated chance-taking of some of his maneuvers caught the enemy completely off balance. In the Korean war, in which he was United Nations commander, he conceived and carried out the Inchon amphibious landing in 1950 despite opposition from his field commander and initially from the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The MacArUiur legend that developed in the United States during his 14-year absence was built in part on the scrambled- egg, crushed cap, the classic profile above an open collar, the long-bowl corncob pipe, and the rolling language of his com muniques and policy statements. "I shaU return". .."I have relumed".. ."these proceedings are closed" (when he accepted the Japanese surrender). . ."old soldiers never die".. .are some of the MacArthiu: phrases that became public by-words. Secretary of War Newton D. Baker in Worid War I called MacArthur "Uie country's greatest frontline general." He became a World War 1 brigadier in the 42nd Infantry Division—which he named the "Rainbow Division" and with which he was wounded twice and gassed in the trenches. A son of the famed LL Gen. ArUiur MacArthur, who won the Medal of Honor as a regi mental commander in tbe Civ il War and was a bero of the Spanish-American war, Douglas MacArthur was bom in an Army barracks in Little Kock, Ark., on Jan. 26, 1880, and was baptized—quite literaUy-^n bat tie- When he was a baby, his father was given duty at a wilderness outpost in what is now New Mcvico, and Dou^as was baptized there when he was &ur—the ceremony being interrupted by an Indian attack on the post He was graduated first in his class at West Pomt and immediately — the year was 1903 —transferred as aZnd licuten ant to the Philippmes. MacArthur recalled those ear ly days in his speech to a joint . session of Congress after Truman fired him from his far eastern posts as Allied, U. S., and United Nations command er. He said he remembered the refrain of one of the most popular barracks ballads of that day: ".. .which proclaimed most proudly, that old soldiers never die, they just fade away. And like- the oki soldier of that ballad, I now close my militarj career and just fade away..." After record - breaking ova tions in several cities, MacArthur keynoted the I9S2 Be- publican National (invention, which nominated his former aide, Dwight D. Eisenhower, President But MacArthur received no further military assignment, although still, by law, on active duty as a general of the army. He became chairman of the board of Remington Band Inc. and when its parent company, the vast Speny Band Corporation, was formed he fransferred! to its chairmanship. General BliMArtfaiiT's career wu full of honois. General Fershinr l» shown presentbi? MacArthnr, rijkt, with the Distin- cuisbed Service Medal, in France, in 1918. dnrinr World War I. Sranaiie tneetimr of M"*'*'"^ and Gen. Jonathan W. Waln- Tnifht oeenrred in Tokyo Ant. 31. 1945. General Wain«rris1it took Coimidor command when HacArthnr waa ordered out. Old Soldier Fades Away— Gen. Douglas MacArthur 1880-1964 "I shaU retnm.'* pledced MaeArflnr wkM ndered Irtr Fresl- dent RMwereli to leave Corregldor im UO. He did jnst that, above, whca he returned to Leyt^ XUUpfiUt, October, 19(4. MacArthnr. named by Fresident TrmaaB la 1950 to comaand UJT. fwees In Korea and renuived by him In Aprfl, 1951, 1» ahown with Truman at Wake Island Conference, October, U5t. In Korea, last war for the old aoUIer, BUeArthnr is Aoira is front leat of militaiy TeUde. BeUnd him at left: Geo. SUtthevP Sldsway. tho mas i^ tator took over Ui •omnand. SbcArthnr retomed to the United Staiea as a hero in April. 1951. for first time home in 14 years. At San Franeiseo, from left, on arrival: the General; son, Arthur; Mrs. MacArthur, Before Joint SCSBIOB of Concresi. after hit refam. MkeArthw dmti tal 9MA vt his < with words ftom a banadts ballad: . . eld soldiers never die. they Jot fade away Gcoersl at the Jixmr Douclaa MaeAithar is sWn. ttme, tm be is jtthajatwt iiiiubutd. MacArthur never wore a helmet, but was olwoys ?n the thick of battle. Here, he is directing the first U.S. paratroop operation in the South Pacific. The year is 1943. Just after the first in a series of major opcrotions in March, General MacArthur posed with President Johnson in the general's suite in Waiter Reed hospital.
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