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".it Hom6 Paptr d 79 Communltiei Cloudy, Mild tx)w Tonight m& Rain Saturday High 68*74 VOLUME LXXXII ^ 94 GALESBURG, ILL. 61401 — FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS ians Observe Good Friday Pope Paul Leads Holy Procession VATICAN cm (UPI) Thousands of tourists and religious pilgrims flocked into Rome today to see Pope Paul VI lead a torchlit Good Friday procession from the Colpsseum to the Palatine Hill as part of Holy Week celebrations. The "Way of the Cross" procession commemorating Christ's crucifixion and btirial is scheduled to begin at 9:15 p.m from the ancient Colosseum, Rome's most famous arena of martyrdom. It winds its way to the Palatine with Pope Paul carrying a light wooden cross in the lead. Earlier in the evening the Pope, shoeless and without his hat or bishop's ring, will attend a liturgy at St. Peter's basilica while three priests and the choir of the Sistiite Chapel enact the gospel according to St. John. The Easter festivities began Thursday urtieri the 75-year-old Pontif celebrated a "Last Supper" mass at St. John's Basilica and wadied the feet of 12 young seminarians to symbolize Christ's gesture to the apostles. On Saturday at 6 p.m. an Easter eve mass celebrated by the Pope in St. Peter's Basilica ends the 40-day mourning period of Lent and proclaims Christ's resurrection from the dead. It is the highlight of the Easter Week proceedings which (Continued on page 22) Pilgrims Follow Street of Sorrow Christians in Jerusalem carry cross along Via Dolorosa, JERUSALEM (UPI) - Thousands of Christian pilgrams today retraced the Good Friday route of Jesus Christ in the old walled city, carrying wooden crosses from the point where He was sentenced to death to where He was crucified. Under sunny springtime skies, they walked through the narrow, winding alleyways, stopping to sing hymns at each of the 14 Stations of the Cross on the ancient Via Dolorosa (Street of Sorrow). Police said that more than 25,000 pilgrims retraced the Biblical route under protection of Israeli troops stationed on rooftops and along the way, to guard against possible Arab guerrilla attacks. Six police officers checked passports of pilgrims at the Omariya Grade School near St. Stephens Gate, built over the traditional site of the Roman courthouse where Jesus was condemned to death. "We're watching for anything and everything, including guerrilla activity," one officer said. Holding prayer tMoks as they marched, the pilgrims wound their way along the Biblical street to Mt. Calvary and the tomb of Jesus, both stations inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Christianity's holiest shrine. Crowds of pilgrims mixed with Jews on. their way to Judaism's holiest shrine, the (Continued on page 22) Teller Predicts Oil End ST. CHARLES, MO. (UPI) - The United States will run out of natural gas by 1985 and the world's supply of oil will be gone by the end of this century. Dr. Edward Teller, called the "father of the hydrogen bomb," said Thursday. Speaking to the St. Louis section of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Teller said nuclear explosions could be used to blast free underground deposits of gas and oil which could not be reached by conventional drilluig techniques. A test of such techniques is scheduled for Wyoming in a few weeks, Teller said. He said another possible solution to the fuel shortage is the construction of underground nuclear reactors throughout the country. Teller criticized groups who have voiced their opposition to both of his proposals, saying they are not looking at the entire situation. Teller said the fuel shortage could cause the United States to lose its economic leadership in the world—"and everything that goes with it." .9 Per Cent WASHINGTON (UPI) - With food prices rising at a record pace for the third consecutive month, the cost of living jumped 0.9 per cent in March. It was the biggest one-month increase in 22 years, the government said today. The Bureau of Labor Statistics said that in the first three months of President Nixon's relaxed Phase III controls, consumer prices' rose at an anniiitil rate of 8.8 per cent, the largest since early 1951—the height of the Korean War. The BLS said prices of food in sup^nnarkets, after seasonal adjustment^ -went up at a record pace of 3.1 per cent- marking the third consecutive month for a record high. Record mcreases of 2.4 per cent in February and 2.3 per cent in January also were higher than' the previous record of 1.9 per cent in June, 1965. Meat prices contributed significantly to the higher food costs, rising 5.4 per cent in March before seasonal adjustment and 4.8 per cent after adjustment. Meat prices in March were 19.6 per cent above a year earlier.The figures were tallied before President Nixon clamped a retail price ceiling on meat and consumers carried out a one-week boycott. Because of a sharp rise in fish and poultry prices, the over-all index for meat, poultry and fish set a new record with a 6.9 per cent increase in March, the highest since June, 1965. Fruit and vegetable prices went up 2.6 per cent, the highest since last June. The over-all 0.9 per cent increase in consumer prices in MaFcfa, the Jifgbist isince a 1.2- per cent rise in F^ruary, 1951, pushed the consumer price index to 129.8. This was 4.7 per cent above a.year ago-nearly twice the administration's 2.5 per cent price guideline. This meant that goods and services which cost $10 in the 1967 base period cost $12.98 in March- nearly a 30 per cent increase in six years. The cost of living figures were released a day after the Commerce Department reported that preliminary figures showed prices rising at a 6 per cent annual rate during the fir^i. three months of the year, accounting for a major portion of the 14.3 per cent total economic growth recorded over the same period. The administration's top economist, Herbert Stein, chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers, indicated that if the growth rate doesn't start cooling off soon, the economy could be headed for a tailspin. The January-March inflation rate was twice the administration's own 3 per cent forecast for price increases in 1973. Coupled with the new price report, the figures could provoke fresh calls for tighter economic controls from opponents of President Nixon's economic game plan. Mitchell Admits A ttending Bugging Plans Meeting WASHINGTON (UPI) - For mer Attorney General John N. Mitchell acknowledged for the first time today that he sat in on meetings last year where bugging and "more detailed inteiygence" against the Democrats were discussed. Interviewed at the federal courthouse just before he began testifying before a grand jury investigating the Watergate case and other alleged political espionage, Mitchell did not indicate when the meetings took place or who else was there. Mitchell insisted anew that he had no prior knowledge of the June 17 break-in and bugging of Democratic national headquarters in the Watergate building. Yet he said that he thought a report that he had rejected such plans when they were suggested on three occasions was correct. Mitchell, long regarded as one of President Nixon's closest confidantes and political strategists, served as attorney general until early in March, 1972, when he resigned to head Nixon's re-election campaign. He quit that post two weeks after the Watergate incident. Mitchell told a grand jury last year that he had no advance knowledge of the Watergate conspiracy, and has told reporters "at least a hundred times" that he knew nothing about it. James W. McCord Jr., one of those convicted in the case, and Jeb Stuart Magruder, Mitchell's deputy in the Nixon campaign organization, are reported to have told investigators that Mitchell not only knew about the Watergate plans but also approved them. Mitchell, who stepped dovyn as attorney general in March, 1972, to head Nixon's re-election campaign, reportedly has been linked to the planning of the Watergate raid by a former deputy. Three reporters who sneaked into the prosecutor's suite found Mitchell affable and smiling. Asked if he would stand by statements of his wife, Martha, protesting his innocence, Mitchell replied: "Yes, I have to— I'm married to her. You know I still have to live with her." Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS 32 PAGES Abingdon 23 Amusement 6 Bushnell —- - 14 Churches - 12 Classified Ads . 28-29-30-31 Comics-Radio 24 Editorial 4 Galva -— 14 Hospital Notes ... 15 Knoxville 23 Markets 25 Monmouth 22 Obituary 15 Sports 18-19 TV 9-10 Women In The News 11 Soviets Arrest U.S. Student Protestors MOSCOW (UPI) - Soviet police arrested "six or seven" American student tourists demonstrating outside the Soviet visa office today protesting Soviet emigration policies for Jews, American embassy officials said. The embassy said Soviet police confirmed that the Americans had been arrested. Embassy officials had no further information immediately but said they assumed the students had entered the country as tourists. There are 38 Americans studying at various Soviet universities, mostly Moscow State University. They are all graduate students and scholars, and embassy officials considered it unlikely that they would become involved in a demonstration. Soviet police later told U.S. embassy officials they were holding six or seven American students. Several hours after the incident, however, American consular officials still had not been permitted to see the students. The U.S.-Soviet consular convention provides that consular officials must be given access to persons arrested within two to four days. Public demonstrations are rare in the Soviet Union, and American officials could recall no previous such incidents involving Americans. They said they beleved the students had entered the country expressly to stage the demonstrations. Foreigners and Russians who were present said the youths chanted "Liberty, Liberty" and sang Jewish songs in Hebrew before police arrived. They said American residents of Beirut, carrying placards, begin a the youths made no attempt to ^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^j^^^ p^j^^. (Continued on page 15) tinian refugees to return to their homeland. The marchers Easter Peace March were mostly teachers and theur families who have been living in Lebanon long enough to witness the plight of Palestinian refugees living in the country. UNIFAX HEW Rule Changes May Reduce Welfare Roles WASHINGTON (UPI) - The administration has proposed sweeping changes in welfare regulations designed to halt payments to ineligible persons, overpayments and other inefficiencies. After they were announced Thursday the proposed rules were immediately criticized by a spokesman for the National Welfare Rights Organization (NWRO) who said tliey would create hardship for the poor. f Robert D. Carleson, special assistant to the secretary of Health, Education and Welfare for welfare matters, announced the proposed changes. "These regulations were requested by the states and are designed to give the states additional tools to eliminate errors in the welfare system and in effect clean it up," he said. Carleson said the proposals include provisions to: —Give states 45 days instead of the current 30 to make decisions on applications. Catherme Jermany of the Welfare Rights Organization's legal committee, said this would "cause extreme hardships" for the poor. She said landlords, utilities and others would be less likely to provide service to a person who would not know for 45 days whether he would receive welfare money. —Require welfare applicants to submit written, signed applications for aid. —Permit states to verify eligibility through employers, neighbors and other third parties without obtaining the recipient's consent. Regulations which now say that an aged, blind or disabled applicant shall be the only source of information about himself would be revoked. —Set up a system of local hearings to reduce the backlog of pending hearings at the state level. Carleson said this backlog has meant that ineligible recipients continue to receive welfare for long periods until hearing examiners get to their cases. Recovery Allowed —Allow states to recover overpayments from individuals, even by taking the money from current assistance checks. Officials said the proposed rules were in response to requests of governors who protested when the federal government threatened to cut back some $689 million in federal welfare aid to states because of alleged payments to ineligible recipients and overpayments. The administration later withdrew that threat and gave the states time to revise their programs. The public was given 30 days to comment on the proposed rules, after which the government could put them into effect. Carleson said the rules would eventually reduce the number of persons on welfare. As California welfare director, he carried out a controversial reform wliich eliminated 274,000 persons from that state's welfare rolU in 23 months. •I'