Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 1, 1968 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, April 1, 1968
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,t The tragedy of Man: He starts off with a Country - and winds up with a Government! Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Johnson Bows Out But Convention Draft Is Possible T here's plenty about Lyndon B. Johnson to dislike, as this harsh critic has declaimed, but you'll have to say this for him: He's a dedicated man. He proved it Sunday night when he bowed out of the campaign for re-election. His position seemed to be: "I got our country into the Vietnam war. I saw no other course, then or now. But our people are divided. So I'll get out and leave them with a free choice—and let history write the verdict." That seemed to be his thinking, and political observers had been hinting at it for a year—but urx>n its actual arrival reality is hard to accept. Your editor's view of President Johnson is one shared by millions—supporting him on the war issue but criticizing his spendthrift policies on the domestic front. Yet the final decision rests on a razor-thin margin— and if the November election should suddenly be reduced to a "yes" or "no" vote on the war it is likely that the majority would go for the President. His announced exit from the scene therefore leaves the political stage in disorder, if not panic. There is an impossible vacuum in the Democratic command post. McCarthy and Kennedy are headquarters rebels. Humphrey has been carrying the President's flag loyally, but lacks LBJ's hold on the people. Mr. Johnson's abdication leaves his party in such a hole that I am driven to wonder whether this is a genuine moment of truth or a supremo strategic gesture by a master politician. The President's fortunes are at the lowest ever in the popular polls, and his offer to abdicate is a shocker that is guaranteed to soften critics, win support, and give the country some second thoughts about the debate over the war. Finally, no President in history has ever refused a draft from a desperate party convention. And what other course has the Democratic party but to draft? Let Reason Prevail, LBi Pleads CHICAGO (AP)-In his first public appearance since bowing out of 19G8 politics, President Johnson voiced a plea today that reason and responsibility prevail "amid all the frenzy and emotion" of an election year. Johnson flew to Clu'cago with little advance notice to address the annual convention of the National Association Broadcasters. In his prepared text Johnson said this season is a time of debate and elightenmcnt, and "at its worst it is a period of frenzy." Tlie chief executive warned that "the basic hope of a democracy is that somehow — amid all the frenzy and the emotion — reason will prevail." He called on his audience to exercise a great sense of responsibility during the campaign season — to be fair, impartial and honest. "This is true," he said, "for broadcasters as well as for president— aad seekors after the presidency." Two Women Are Released SAIGON (AP) — Two American women captured by the Viet Cong during the lunar new year offensive in Hue have been freed and now are in U.S. hands, an American spokesman said today. The spokesman .said the twu are Sandra Joluison and Dr, Marjorie Nelson. He said they were released in the Hue area and now are under medical examination there. Radio Hanoi said Sunday the Viet Cong had decided to release the two woini'ii. Earthquake* Jolt Japan TOKYO (AP) - Two sharp earthquakes jolted Japan today. The first killed one person and injured 'it others, but (hero was no immediate report of damage or casualties from the second. Hope Star Printed by Offset itm to f«wivt and i pipe* VOL 69-No. 144-10 Pages Star of Hope, 1899, Press 1927 Consolidated January 18, 1929 HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, APRIL 1,1968 Member: Associated Press 4 Audit Bureau Of Cireul4ti6BS Av. Net Circulation 6 fnbs. efidlng Sept, 3d, 1967 -3,278 tetoft of (9 till mm you PRICE IOC Johnson Will Hot Seek Re-election, Orders De-escalation of War Some 6,000 U.S. Marines of the 26th Regiment are besieged at Khe Sanh by an estimated 20,000 to 40,000 North Vietnamese troops. Marine outposts (white figures) control key hills. The rest of the high land surrounding the two-square-mile base and airstrip is held by the Communists (black figures). Hills are designated according to height in meters. SOUTH VIETNAM (O 20 J Circuit Court Here Tuesday The regular April term of Hempstead County Circuit Court will convene at 9:30 a.m. Tuesday April 2 with the Hon. Judge William Arnold III on the bench and with William F. Denman Jr. Prosecuting Attorney. Petit Jurors summonsed to serve during this term are: Ned Ray Purtle, John J. Wilson, Coy Lee Hutson, David Wayne Burke, Bennie Mitchell, James W. Connelly, Lynn Franks, Lake Bryant, Paul Church, Monroe Kent, See CIRCUIT COURT (on page two) Many Things Learned Front Morning Mail, Columnist Declares Averell Harriman Is Tapped for Seeking Peace With Viet Cong By WILLIAM MORAN Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - W. Averell Harriman, the sophisticated millionaire who held seven jobs under President Harry S. Truman and three under President John F. Kennedy, has been tapped for another presidential mission with a familiar goal: Peace. Harriman is 76 years old and if North Vietnam's representatives show up at the negotiating table, as President Johnson expressed hope Sunday night they will, they are destined to deal with a U.S. diplomat of almost By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK (AP) - Things a columnist might never know if he didn't open his mail: It's a bad idea to let your pet pooch stray near neighborhood kids who have the mumps. Dogs can catch this disease from children. Footballs are called pigskins, but actually they are made of cowhide. Originally, in this country, they were made of rubberized canvas. In Shakespeare's time games were played with inflated pig bladders, and before that English athletes enjoyed a sport in which they kicked human skulls around a field. The skulls generally belonged to extinct Danes. Vacationing is now a year» round thing for Americans, Of the people W|K> spend a week away from home annually, one out of four now makes the trip between November and March, and 58 per cent of those who go abroad do so between October aad June. Napoleon Bonaparte enjoyed the sweet smell of success. He liked cologne so much he sometimes used 150 or more bottles a month. Incidentally, if you have an average nose, you should be able to smell 2,000 different scents. A trained nose can distinguish between twice that number of odors. At what age do children grow thy fastest? For boys, between 12 to 15 years; for girls, between 11 and 14 years. Quotable notables: "To find a career to which you are adapted by nature, and then to work hard at it, is about as near to a formula for success and happiness as the world provides."— Mark Sullivan. 1 swear: Can you imagine the money the federal government could collect if it made profanity illegal and penalized it with heavy fines? Well, it has been tried. Such a law, called the "Profane Oaths Act," was passed in England in 1745, Violators were fined according to their station in life. Feeling blue? Well, that's becoming one of the most commonplace mental woes of Western culture, perhaps an unavoidable price we pay for our complex civilization. Dr, Nathan S, Kline of New York's Rockland State Hospital says the diagnoses of neurotic depression have leaped tenfold in the last 25 years. Maybe you suffer from nightmares, too. in the Middle Ages they were believed to be caused by nocturnal devils pressing down on a sleeping person's chest. The word nightmare comes from an old Teutonic term meaning "night devil." It was Mark Twain who observed, "The man who is a pessimist before 48 knows too much; the man who is uri optimist after 48 knows too little." unparalleled experience. Johnson said in his nationwide address that Harriman and Soviet Ambassador Llewellyn Thompson will be ready to go to Geneva "or any other suitable place—just as soon as Hanoi agrees to a conference," Harriman currently is ambassador at large and has for some time been active in U.S. efforts to secure peace talks. Harriman has journeyed around the world on similar missions since the Cold War began at the close of World War II. The scion of one of America's great railroad families—he once ran the Union Pacific Railroad — Harriman first came to Washington when Franklin D. Roosevelt wus in the White House, working in key domestic agencies. But diplomacy seemed his real love and Roosevelt gave him some challenging posts- work on the Lend Lease pro- See Averell Harriman (on page two) New Trial for Magnolia Man Ordered LITTLE ROCK (AP) -The Arkansas Supreme Court today reversed a Columbia Chancery Court ruling and ordered a new trial in a case in wluch Dr. Joe F. Rushton of Magnolia was held accountable for $158,230. Rushton was held accountable for the amount for his personal endorsement of certain notes granted by the First National Bank of Magnolia to Numark Manufacturing Co. The unanimous opinion, written by Associate Justice Conley Byrd, said the reversal was based on the trial court allowing an attorney, William A. Eckart Jr., to testify over Rushton's objections, The Supremo Court said trial court erred in refusing to invoke the rule against Eckart by allowing him (o remain in the courtroom while other witness- See NEW TRIAL FOR On Page 2 Local Plant Declared Bankrupt Little Rock- The Southern Plasvood Corporation of Hope has been declared bankrupt by Referee In Bankruptcy Arnold M. Adams of Little Rock on a petition filed by the Corporation, The firm manufactures particle board and employs more than 100 persons. Adams appointed Grit Stuart Jr., of Hope as receiver and instructed him to keep the factory operating. He also authorized Stuart to lease the plant to Wynnewood Products Company of Dallas for $2,000 a month pending sale of the business at a bankruptcy auction. The bankruptcy petition said that the Corporation had assets worth $669,506 and that its debts totaled $1,010,510.58, including $386,942.26 secured by liens and $595,516.08 owed to unsecured creditors. It also owes $19,546.70 in federal taxes, $3,571.79 in state and local taxes and $3,933.75 in back wages, the petition said. The petition was signed by John M. Crafton of Hope, vice president and general manager of the Corporation. Crafton said that John Shattuck, the corporation president, had resigned. Adams scheduled the first meeting of creditors for 11 a.m, April 16 in federal District Court at Texarkana, Lincoln High Holds Student Council Vote Lincoln High students elected its officers for the student council March 15th. Those elected were: Hay Floyd, president; James Pryor, vice-president; Katie White, secretary] Bennie Mural Stuart, assistant-secretary; Linda Watson, treasurer; Angela Fellows, Business Manager; Wanda Martin, reporter; Kenneth Green, chaplin. Installation of officers will be held May 3, in the school gymnasium. Aivln Williamson, is reporter and Mrs. Everlyn Williamson, Adviser. Bombings Halted in Peace Bid By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER AP Special Cor respondent WASHINGTON (AP) - President Johnson has ordered a halt in U.S. bombing of most of North Vietnam in a sudden new bid to de-escalate the war in Southeast Asia and get peace talks started in the immediate future. "I call upon President Ho Chi Minn," Johnson said in announcing his action Sunday night, "to respond positively, and favorably, to this new step toward peace." He did not say how long the limited cessation of attacks would continue if Ho does not respond favorably. He did say the bomb halt, covering "almost 90 per cent" of North Vietnam's population, could be made complete if Ho would now demonstrate "restraint." The President called on Britain and the Soviet Union "to do all they can to move . . . toward genuine peace in Southeast Asia." Officials said those two governments—co-chairmen oi the Geneva Conferences—could play key roles in arranging talks. They were notified shortly in advance of Johnson's announcement, and the South Vietnamese government was consulted, officials indicated. But these informants said no advance assurance;, of respon- .,ive action was lbtaiw?d from North Vietnam, which presumably was notified by the Soviets. The move apparently involved some concession in the earlier U.S. position that for bombing to be stopped Hanoi would have to indicate a willingness to deescalate by leveling off its infiltration of men and supplies into South Vietnam. However, to accept the President's proposal Hanoi would also have to make some concession in its position. Its condition for entering peace talks has been that the United States must stop all bombing of the North unconditionally and definitively. Johnson made clear that air strikes would continue against enemy forces building up in the Southern area of North Vietnam against Khe Sanh and other U.S. and allied positions in the northern border region of South Vietnam, But he said these strikes also "could come to an early end" if North Vietnam would impose "restraint" on its operations. The President put his proposal this way: "We are prepared to move immediately toward peace through negotiations. So tonight, in the hope that this action will lead to early talks, I am taking See BOMBINGS AP News Digest JOHNSONj The Presidency President Johnson says his announcement that he will neither seek nor accept another term in the White House is "irrevocable." Reached only in the past day or two, President Johnson's decision to leave the White House without seeking another term was many months in the making. With the men, money and myth of Camelot, Sen, Robert F. Kennedy emerges as the leading contender for the Democratic presidential nomination despite Sen, Eugene J. McCarthy's position. Draft-Rockfeller groups, which have not disbanded despite the New York governor's disavowal of intentions to seek the Republican nomination, are expected to redouble their efforts. But Richard M. Nixon is the r acknowledged front-runner. "Tragic," says one man. "Wonderful," says another. Americans show a wide range of reaction to Johnson's announcement he won't run. Johnson's bombshell announcement is another la a series of political shockers that have turned the 1968 presidential race upside down. Johnson's decision strips the Wisconsin primary of its feature contest, leaving McCarthy with no foe to further test his strength. BULLETIN WASHINGTON (AP>-Defense officials disclosed today the administration is planning a three- phase callup of military reserve forces which would involve the mobilization of around 60,000 men in coming months. One Man, One Vote Rule, Says Court WASHINGTON (AP) _ The Supreme Court today put local government under one-man, one- vote rule. The historic 5-3 decision extends the rule to an estimated 80,000 units of local government throughout the land. One of the dissenters, John M. Harlan, said the decision was "both unjustifiable and ill-advised." Justice Byron R. White gave the decision in a case from Midland County, Tex., where Mayor Hank Avery of Midland City asked that the county governing body be apportioned on a population basis. The landmark finding came in these words by White; "We hold that petitioner (Avery) as a resident of Midland County has a right to a vote for the Commissioners Court of substantial equal weight to the vote of every other resident." Action Has Stunned the Nation f By FRANK CORMIER Associated Press Writer , WASHINGTON (AP) - President Johnson says his bombshell announcement that "1 shall not seek and I will not accept" nom* ination for another term is "completely irrevocable/' Johnson voiced his emotion- packed pronouncement in a television-radio address to the na« tion Sunday night. Then he met with newsmen in the White House living Barters and sought to dispel any suspicion that he might change his mind or succumb to a draft. To do this, he used the phrase "completely irrevocable." Left unanswered was the question of whether Johnson might try to influence the choice of his successor as Democratic standard-bearer. But his word$ taken at face value, suggested a hands^ff attitude. Also up in the air were the plans of Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey, who might join Sens. Robert F; Kennedy of New York and Eugene J. McCarthy of Minnesota in the 1968 Democratic sweepstakes. A man of many surprises, Johnson's announcement <was his most, stunning move In a 37- year career in politics. No president eligible to succeed himself has spurned a fight for the office since Ha.rry S» t Tnunari : bovedjipoX .during tp jeontrover- slal Koretfi War 20 y«irsago. ; " Johnson attributed his- deci- - sion- which aides said was»a year in the making— to controversies rending the nation at this time, including the Vietnam (on page ten) All Around Town By The Star Staff All children entering the first during the fall semester,, ,stu grade next year must register at dents with perfect grades inciiid' the different elementary schools nearest their residence,,,, re» glstration will be at anytime this week Monday April 1 through April 5. ed Diane Ellis of Hope, daugh ter of Mr, and Mrs, Leonard Ellis and Mildred Mann Amis of Murfreesboro, Dianne Marcum of Hope has been named to the Dean's list for the fall semester at State College of Arkansas in Conway.. .she is a sophomore majoring in elementary education,, to make the list the student must have at least a 3,5 grade average. , .she is the daughter of Mr* and Mrs. Vance Marcum, Sgt. and Mrs. James H. Earley, Leesville, La., are visiting his mother, Mrs. Avery Me- Klnney and other relatives,, .Sgt, Earley has recently returned from 17 months in Vietnam and will go back there next week. Seven students in thfe University of Arkansas' College of Agriculture and Home Economics, earned straight A averages Whltfield Masonic Lodge No, 239 will hold a regular meeting Tuesday, April 2 at 7:30 p.nu Members of the Hope Hi-Lights staff took the following awards at the State High School Press meeting In Little Rock March 29*30: News, Debbie Holmes; Feature Article and Report of Speech, Charles Ward; Edi* torlal, Peggy Finigan; Feature Photograph, Judy Butler. Cynthia Okano received a Su* perior rating at the Southwest Arkansas Music Festival in Ark- adelphla March 30, and the judges were very pleased with her performance , , . she is the daughter of Mr, and Mrs, Kgy Ofcano and is the piano of Mrs, Bess Evans, "There is division in the American house now," he said in solemn tones. "There Is divt- siveness among us all tonight." Then, after appealing to all Americans "to guard against divisiveness and all v its ugly consequences," he cane to the key passages: ". . .1 have concluded that I should not permit the presidency to become involved in the partisan divisions that are developing in this political year. , "With America's sons in the. fields far away, with America's future under challenge right here at home, with our hopes and the world's hopes for peace in the balance every day, I do not believe that I should devote an hour or a day of my time to any personal partisan causes or to any duties other than the awesome duties of this office— the Presidency of your country. ' 'Accordingly, I shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your President." Johnson tacked the disclosure of his very personal decision onto a major Vietnam policy speech in which he announced his broadest-yet peace move: An immediate and indefinite halt In most air and sea bom* bardment of North Vietnam as "the first step to de-escalate th$ conflict," This military decision, mo* rnentous as U was, quickly was overshadowed by the postscript to his speech, which was not ln» eluded in the prepared text dis* tributed to newsmen in ad* vance, Candidates, politicians of afl stripes and ordinary citizens ap» peared alike in reacting to John, son's announcement with astoni isbment. Strike Idle* Coy Ion Port* COLOMBO, Ceylon (AP) « Ceylon's ports were tie4 up today by a strike of 2J.QQ0 workers continuing a over a fifth column in the unjoa The workers struck recenjjy over the employment of 25 persons the Ceylon Mercant|Jfe UQ- ion considers plants by polUieaJ parties to weaken u#ioa strength. The government 4$rtk authority agreed to dismiss them but pye the men 3>0djjfs

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