The Review from High Point, North Carolina on May 3, 1917 · Page 6
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The Review from High Point, North Carolina · Page 6

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High Point, North Carolina
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Thursday, May 3, 1917
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Page 6
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WAR PnEPAnATIOHS-AT-CHAnLESTOVMAVYYABD W RTATH ON WAS H I NQTON'S TO M B PROVISION p-or VOLUNTEER GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE ' x AND - TaYaTEfcfTHROWR OUT HOUSE , rr . w sts to 109. ..? r-, . , . i. UNITED STATES RAISE COL- ORS AT-MT, VERNON. r Ct ? i'H .'"' t '. '.3f' SI LqRITISH C0M MtSSIONER LAYS 1 THREE GREAT FLAGS FLOAT . OVER . El SlSiii i ... " ? : i. -ROOSEVELT Liquor Restrictions Included In Amend- tnnt. No Bounty to Be Paid For ' Enlistment, and No Person 1 Shall bs Allowed to Furnish a Substitute. ""Washington. Both Senate and House adopted an amendment just, be fore the final roll calls which would greatly Increase the pay of enlisted Ben during the war. The House pro vision would make their pay $30 a lienth and that approved by the Sen ate. would fix it at $29 a month. The present pay is only In the House at the last moment, Chairman Fitzgerald, of the Appro priations Committer, objected vjgor- usly to the appropriation of $3,000, 6,000 carried in. the bill, for the ex pease of the new army, and the sec tion finally was. eliminated entirely, ttr. Fitzgerald declared that to place this vast sum in the hands of the Secretary of .War would make of Con gress a "mere automaton," and prom ised that if the section was voted down the committee would provide funds promptly in a separate measure. Among the amendments adopted in the Senate Was one which would permit-Colonel Roosevelt to recruit a volunteer force for service in France. A similar proposal had been rejected by the House. Speaker Clark, Democratic Leader Kitchin and Chairman Dent, of the Military Committee, who bad' favored the volunteer system, all voted for the draft bill on the final roll call. Republican Leader , Mann also was recorded in the affirmative, as j was Mtss Rankin, who previously, haa : yoteA. with the volunteer adva-eajes. ' ". , - 'Test ' In Senate. ' KThe Administration won Its fight for the military draft in the Senate when, an amendment authorizing a call for (00,000 volunteers was rejected by a vote of 69 to 18. The "vote was as fallows: For the volunteer amendments: Democrats : '( Gore. Hardwick, Kirby, McKellar, Reed, Thomas, Trammell and Vardaman 8. Republicans: Borah, Cummins, Cur-tit, Tall, Gallinger, Gronna, Johnson, California; LaFollette, Norris, Sherman 10. Against the volunteer amendments: Beckham, -Broussard, Bankhead, Back ham, Broussard, Chamberlain, Culbuer-on, Fletcher, Gerry, Hillis, Hustings, James, Johnson, South Dakota; 'Jones, New Mexico; King, f Lewis, Martin, Mayers, Overman, Owen, Phelan, Pitt-man, Pomerene, Ransdell, Robinson, Saulsbury, Shafroth,Sheppard, Shields, Simmons, Smith, Arizona; Smith, Geo-. gia; Smith, Maryland; Smith, ' South -Carolina; Stone, Swanson, Thompson, TJnderwood, Walsh, Williams, Wal- cott 40. Republicans: Brady, Brandegee, Calder Colt, Dillingham, Fernald, France, Frelinghuysen, Hale, Harding 'Jones, Washington; Kellogg, Ken-yon, Knox, Lodge, McCumbef, McLean, Nelson,- New, Page, Penrose, Polndexter, Smoot, Sterling, Sutherland, Wadsworth, Warren, Watson, Weeks 29. After the McKellar amendment had been rejected, Senator Trammell reopened the "draft question by offering an : amendment proposing to substitute the volunteer system throughout thji bill. It was rejected by an overwhelming roar of "noes." In the House there was no roll call. The long fight came to a close early ' inthe afternoon when Representative KjLhn, of California, moved to strike out the volunteer provision written into? the bill by hte House Military Committee. As "the result tof the Voting became apparent, the members of the galleries broke into cheers, while Speaker Clark, Chairman Dent of the Military Qommittee, Chairman- Padgett, of the Naval Committee, and other Democrats,, who had fought the administration's plan, sat silently in their seats. U - Democratic Leader Kitchin, who iad . expected to vote against. ; conscription, responded to the call for a -quorum just before, but was not present for the vote on the amendment. .Miss , Rankin, of Montana, Yoted with the volunteer advocates. Throughput the,, remainder of the House debate pf o-volunteef members frequently reopened discussion of their proposal, the" climax coming when5 Speaker Clark declared he might drive out of his district some of those .whxr had urged that he vote for conscrip- "A; lot of old skunters an over the country "vsrho think that nobody is going to be iorced into this war except boys "-from nineteen to twenty-ftvb," the speaker said, "and 1 that .their miserable, cowardly hides will -be' safe, have been sending telegrams nere." ' I know them. know everj .man In my district who has telegraphed ;me, and I know 'who is at the bottom of it. and I -can take double-barreled SENATE ARTHUR JAMES BALFOUR. shotgun and run out of my district every man who sent me a telegram to vote for conscription, and if school doesn't keep too long I will run a few out, too." Would Send Teddy. Senator Harding's amendment to the army bill designed to permit Col onel Roosevelt to raise four infantry divisions to go to the European bat tie front was adopted by the Senate 56 to 31. Many Democrats voted fof the amendment. The announcement as adopted does not specifically mention Col- Roose velt, but its purpose has been well un derstood and its author referred to the fact that it would permit the form er president to raise troops to go to Europe.' It was ' not discussed at' length. Senators Ashurst, Broussard, Qroe, Hardwick, HollSs, Husting, Johnson, Souh Dakota; Kirby, McKellar, My ers, Owen, Pomerene, Ransdell, Reed, Robinson, Saulsbury, Thompson, Vardaman and Williams, Democrats, supported the amendment. Senators Brady, Gronna, LaFollette and War ren, Republicans, voted against it. Farmers Exempt. Among more important amend ments adopted In the House was one empowering the president to exempt rom the draft, in his discretion, per sons engaged in . agricultural ' work. Another would require each state to furnish a quota of men apportioned according to population, and still another provides that "no bounty shall be paid to induce any person to en- lst," and that "no person liable to military service shaftl hereafter be permitted or allowed to furnish a substitute for such service." In the Senate there was a long de bate over proposal to prohibit the sale or possession of intoxicating liquors during the war. . Several amendments were adopted, including one to make t unlawful to sell or give liquor to officers or men in uniform or to mem bers of Congress or other officials, and then the Senate reversed itself and adopted a substitute einjply forbidding the sale of liquor to soldiers in uni form, and giving the presfdent wide discretionary authority to make other prohibition, regulations. An amendment by1 Senator Curtis stipulating that men subject to draft who voluntarily present themselves shall be recorded as volunteers, was accepted by Chairman Chamberlain, and went into the bill. Another long debate was evoked over amendments by Senators Thomas and LaFollette . to exempt from conscription those having "conscientious" objections to military service. Both were defeated without a roll call, and the bill's exemption proposal left un changed. "FARM AND ARM" IS BATTLE CRY OF ROOSEVELT Chicago. "Farm and Arm!" With this battle cry, Theodore Roosevelt entered Chicago and In two stirring speeches urged that every energy of the entire nation be directed toward making the potential might of the Uni ted States felt In the war against Germany, and, he demanded that .not an hour be lost in dispatching troops to the trenches. His flrsl speech was made at a' luncheon atl noon;, his second at a mass meeting in vth immense amphitheater jatM ttiri stock yards.. He advocated universal, training as a permanent policy; he advocated con- scription, . but he pleaded that "he should be allowed to recruit a division for Immediate 'senrtce- with the Allies, He was roundly applauded when he urged? that, during ;the' warM the Use of grain for the manufacture.. of alco- fcolic vbevetages :be jprohlbitedi- . "I want to get Americans into the trenches of France t at the -earliest pos- sible ''moment ;to, show our. Allies that we are as ready as they to shed our blood for the cause of democracy. I'd go as a second lieutenant,"aid ' CoU Roosevelt. "I'm willing to go ; in the train of any . competent, officer who may1' be selected. To get the dirl-sion there is the thing.? v- c' ; '. On - -his . arrival.. Mr. .Boosevelt : was I given a reception reminiscent of the I daya when he was president. VISITORS PAY HOMAGE TO AMERICA'S GREAT. SOLDIER Eminent Gathering, Including Mem bers of 'British and French War Commission, President's Cabinet and , Members of . Congress. Stand With Bared Heads In Semi-Circle Before Tomb of Nation's Founder. Mount Vernon, Va, -The flags of Great Britain, France and the United States floated proudly together over the tomb of George "Washington. Beneath them, spokesmen of the three great democracies paid homage to America's soldier and statesman,, and pledged themselves each to the other, in the name of the dead, to prosecute the ' present mighty struggle against autocracy on the line he himself had followed in bringing America into being. " In groups of twos and threes, an eminent gathering, including the members of the French and British war commission, the . President's cabinet and members of Congress, had stroll ed up through the sloping grounds from the river bank until Derhane half r hundred people stood with bared heads in a semi-circle before the tomb. The day which -had been heavy and threatening as the party approached on the Mayflower, suddenly burst into sunlight which pdayed through (the trees on the unlfroms and faces of those assembled. . Without formality, Secretary Daniels motioned to M. Viviani, minister of justice and former president of France; who advanced slowly Into the center. Before the tomb of Washington whose efforts towards liberty his own ancestors had gloriously aid ed, M. Viviana delivered an address, in which the whole forces of his emo tional power, deepened by the signifi canoe of the occasion, fought for ex presslon. The spectators, though most of them could not understand French, caught the suppressed feeling and fire of the orator and followed his words spell bound as they quickened under the thrill of his imagaination. his voice not a sound could be heard. As M. Viviana finip&ed, the silence became supreme with the general realization that no applause could ex press the emotions aroused. Then came forward Artnur James Balfour, foreign secretary of Great Britain, who stood for a moment in silence, a tall, erect, kindly figure. Overcome with all that the situation meant in the lives of the two great Anglo-Saxon countries, Mr. Balfour abandoned his decision not to speak and gave expression to a few poignant sentences, evidently straight from the heart. England had honored Washington as she never had before. "M. Viviani," said Mr. Balfour, "has expressed in most eloquent words the feelings which grip us all here today. He lias not only paid a fitting tribute to a great statesman, but he haa brought our thoughts most vividly down to the present. The thousands who have given their lives French, Russian, Italian, Belgian, Serbian, Montengerin, Roumanian, Japanese and British were fighting for what they believed to be the cause of liberty. "There is no place in the world where a speech for the cause of liberty would be better placed than here at the tomb of Washington. But as that work has been so adequately done by a master of oratory, perhaps you will permit me to read a few words prepared by the British Mission for the wreath we are to leave here today: "'Dedicated by the British Mission to the immortal memory of George Washington, soldier, statesman, patriot, who would have rejoiced to see the country of which he was by birth a citizen, and the country which his genious called into existence, fighting side by side to save mankind from subjection to a military despotism.' " GoVernor Stuart of Virginia spoke as the host on Virginian soil. . "Washington," he said, "originally belonged to Virginia, but his priceless memory has now "become a common heritage of the world. We consecrate here today a struggle bearing the su- preme test of the issues for which he lived, fought and died." Marshal Joffre, . victor of the Marne and Idol of the French people, next came forward in field marshal s uni- form. Simply, but earnestlyhe spoke but two brief 'sentences:. -. , "In- the French army, all .Tenerate the name add memory of Washtogton I respectfully salute here tho, great soldier and lay upon his "tomb the bii m we offer ou- soldiers who have ded 'for their countryi" - i - ii Two French :off leers came- forward with ' the bronze wreath from the French Mission the humblest and. the. highest - martcf 'of4! honor which . . the French 'Nation xan accord the dead. ip?--t, r" :-n : . rm-c -fcV-w: -r, T 1 11 i i ill)'"' i , i:S M-1MJ-MIMMIMMI-MMWI1UIIIUM Supplies being taken aboard the United States battleship Nebraska at At the aright, CapL Joe Kemp, on duty at the yard. ' ' m, - " ,LffffM99J il-ii i ii ; .l jfaffi Photograph shows the Italian liner Adriatico at New York, with submarine chasers lashed to her deck. The Adriatico made an uneventful trip from Italy and no submarines were sighted. Two of the four chasers can be seen In the picture, as can also the stern gun carried by the ship. TRENCH BECAME A CANAL Trench at Pontavert which the rains turned into a canal. A touch of the picturesque in the war ruins of north ern France.- The' Miracle. "Miracles I speak of modern miracles can usually be explained' said Dr. Elliott Young Savage in an address before the Chicago. Ethical Culture society.' ''.'" """" "Bishop Blanc's son is a clergyman, and assists bis father. At dinner the other evening the .young .man said : ' On Brpadway today, an old beggar woman asked me for money. , I said I had none with, me. She beggedvme to look and see, so I felt in my trousers pocket, -and, lo and behold, I. found a two-dollar bill' Khere. It was a miracle. I gave It to the old beggar woman, of course. Yes, a real njlracle IV r 5 ' fqChe,bishop put on his .glasses. He stared long and, attentivelyH at his son. .Then he said: . : v 4-iV , ' t. ':. tConfound; it That's ja rpair. of.my. trousers ycve gotsonxjthere jb if ' o vl ' ' '' WITH SUBMARINE CHASERS ON DEVASTATED BY THE As fast as the Germans are driven back from the! territory they" haye been holding in northern. France, French engineers ; arevffihedfln to re- pair the devastation wrought by the Germans' f or mlUta'ry purposes.' Thli photograph of engineers at work in Noy on gives , a' vivid idea ot, the unneces- J sary havoc wreaked on the towns by the kaiser's; fretreag forces. " MEMORIAL TO MARY BAKER EDDY i ne emoria--to Mary Baker Eddy, founden q ChrfsUan Science, erected" mMot.Auhurn.ceinetery.at Cambridge, Mass has. been, turned over to the nristlan Science board of directors by Elbert S. Barlow of New York, who SELrr n. It the navy yard at Charlestown, Mass. HER DECK RETREATING GERMANS cost JllSOiOOa,, contributed by Chnso; n mrmS s.?.j,!:wrv"..:v wi'. j k ' :

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