10 - Thuis., tpril 2,19H Bgdlnntls Doily focts Why did Liberty Bell crack? Good bell ringers must know ropes By TOM A. CULLEN LONDON — (NEA) — To Americans the Liberty Bell is an almost sacred object of national veneration. But to a 394- year-old firm in Whitechapel, London, it is just another piece of defective merchandise. The Whitechapel Bell Foundry, which was founded in 1570, is still smarting •with humiliation because the Liberty Bell, which it cast in 1752, cracked the first time it was struck. To make sure that no more of its products crack on American soil, the foundry is sending a 10-man team of British bell ringers to Washington. D.C., in May. Washington National Cathedral is dedicating its new central bell tower then, and the British bell ringers will not only demonstrate their skill, but teach Americans how to ring church bells properly. The bell foundry's interest in the project stems from the fact that it cast aU 10 of the beUs which hang in the cathedral's tower. The largest one, the tenor bell, weighs 3,400 pounds. The English bell ringers intend no impertinence. The truth is that America has no outstanding campanologists, the techni- ^VHITECH.\PEL BELL FOL^'DRY: Craftsmen prepare clay molds from which bells will ^e cast in this 394-jear-old firm. cal term for bell ringers. There is not even a bell foundry in the United States. In Britain, bell ringers are as common as drum majorettes in Texas. "There is no shortage of Am erican volunteers to learn the art of bell ringing," says Douglas Hughes, director of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry. "The trouble is that it cannot be learned overnight It take months of practice." Once Americans get the hang of the bell ropes, Hughes pre diets that the pastime will be as popular in the states as it is here, where the bell ringers have their own fraternity, and publish a monthly mag azine, "The Ringing World. According to Hughes, bell ringers frown on such electric gadgets as carillons, which play tunes and are operated from keyboard. The true campanologist's motto is: "One man to one bell." The bell, itself, must be swung in a full circle of 360 degrees, and the art lies in see ing how many combinations called "changes" — can be rung from one set of bells without re peating a pattern. (With 12 bells the number is astronomicaL) If Americans are backward as <S 1963. Bureau of Advertising ANPA like looking for someone who doesn't read newspapers Very hard to find. 99 million people in almost 9 out of every 10 homes read newspapers. It's the most sought after, often bought, eagerly consumed, intensely depended upon product in the world. The reason is obvious. We can't do without it. The need to know about the news and events that touch and shape our lives is deep, intense, unending. And the need to know is now. Today. So it's not very hard to figure out why more advertising dollars are spent in daily newspapers than in TV, magazines, radio, and outdoor combined. More People Do More Business With Newspapers! Greek Cypriots demond return of leader NICOSU, Cyprus (UPI) -[ About 8,000 Greek Cypriot sfu dents paraded through Nicosia today demanding the return to Cyprus of former Greek underground leader Gen. George Grivas. While fears rose of a major new clash between Greek and Turkish Cypriot forces on the] vital Nicosia-Kyrenia highway, the secondary school students marched through the capital with placards demanding Grivas' return from Athens and hailing ties between him and Greek Cypriot President Arch bishop Makarios. Grivas, hero of the EOKA underground movement which waged a savage and successful struggle agamst Britain for independence, returned to his na tive Greecfe in 1959. Observers believe there is growing support among Greek Cypriots for his return to assume military leadership over the Greek Cypriot forces throughout the island. This was the first public demonstration demanding his return. CARNIVAL By Dick Turner far as change-rin^g is con cemed they are ahead of Bri tain when it comes to hand bell choirs. Nearly every American city of any size has at least one of these choirs, according to the foundry director. Ninety-five per cent of Ameri can hand bells come from the Whitechapel Bell Foundry and are tuned by Ernest Oliver, 49, whose family has been in the bell business for 250 years. Hand bells come in sets of 25 or CI bells, the largest of which weighs 12 pounds. LIBERTY BELL: To a certain English linn, just as- .other defective piece of ImerehaBdise. In addition to the liberty Bell, the Whitechapel foundry has cast such famous bells as Big Ben at the Palace of Westminster, the Bow Bells (any Lon doner bom within the sound of the Bow Bells is said to be a Cockney). The Whitechapel firm declines to accept the entire responsibility for the defect in the Liberty Bell, which cracked the first time it was struck in 1753, was patched up, then cracked again in tolling the death of Chief Justice Marshall. "The Liberty Bell may have been roughly handled on its way I to America in 1752," says Di rector Douglas Hughes, "Or again, the bell ringer may not have known what he was doing. If you strike a bell and do not aUow it to vibrate, it is bound to crack." To the accusation that the metal used in the Liberty Bell was too brittle, Hughes replies, 'A beU must be brittle or it won't ring.". "Oh, I carjsee he'a going places, all right! . . . And I suppose you'll b« right there, too . . . during visiting hours!" Big change fakes place in ancient Budapest Rt. Rev. Liehtenberger to resign NEW YORK (UPI) - The Rt Rev. Arthur Liehtenberger announced today that he will resign in October as presiding bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church because of speech di£QcuIties resulting from Parkinson's disease. His normal term would have ended in 1970. The ailing 64-year-old spiritual leader of 3.5 million Episcopalians made known his decision in a letter addressed to all Episcopal bishops. He said he had been "working constantly and steadily to overcome this dis ability" but had made "little progress" in speech therapy. "This decision, as you surely know, does not fill me with joy!" Bishop Liehtenberger wrote. "I do wish I could continue. But since I should not and cannot, I believe I am ready by God's grace to accept this necessity not in sorrow but in gladness of heart as His will." It was announced last March that the bishop was suffering from the preliminary stages oi Parkinson's syndrome, a pn>-| gressive disease for which there is no known cure. .His' condition was iplicated last fall by surr or hernia and later a bou : phlebitis. By PHIL NEWSOM UPI Fortign Ntws Analyst BUDAPEST, Hungary—In cemetery outside Budapest, headstone reads: "My big boy, age 18, 1956." It was a mother's final word of endearment for an only son one of the thousands who died in the holocaust of 1956 when the Hungarians rose up against Communist rule and fell be neath the treads of Russian tanks. Yet, even a Ughtning visit to Budapest confirms that times have changed and that a measure of gaiety has returned to this ancient city astride the Danube. Atop CasUe Hill close by the one-time seat of Hungarian royalty is a building which in the 15th Century housed Budapest's first printing firm. Today it is a coffee house. And there, over a dish of chocolate cake smothered in whipped cream, a non-Communist young woman is asked if under the new relaxation freedom of political discussion is permitted. Paopf* Mak* Jokes She shrugs and replies: "We do not discuss it anymore. Instead we make jokes." And it is a fact that in Budapest there is 3 night club featuring an act devoted to political satire, not all of it directed against the West. "How about the young intellectuals who sparked the 1956 revolt?" • "Oh, they still complain but cow it is because they cannot| get lUlian shoes." And the young woman laughs. The relaxation brought about by the regime of Janos Kadar for whatever its reasons evidences itself in other ways, including such touches of capitalism as the tip for services rendered. The taxicab driver smiles a little more pleasantly when a tip is added to his fare. The Gypsy violin player in a state-owned restaurant plays with a bit more spirit when a lOO-fiorin note is slipped into his pocket These things the regime look upon with tolerance. Hungary's trade at the moment is almost wholly within the East (>>mmunist bloc. But for certain of its amusements and its luxuries it continued to look to the West. Soma Privata Ownership In the shops, better stocked than most eastern counties, are French perfumes and English woolens. A few still are privately owned. Western observers credit the change in Hungary in part to the 1^ revolt which frightened C^mmimist rulers into the knowledge that a relaxation of iron rule was necessary to prevent widespread revolt, and to a desire for the hard currency brought in by tourists. Certainly the Kadar regime is no less Communist than the one which preceded it and in the leaders minds there must be a question as to how fa.' tliis relaxation can be permitted to go. But for the Hungarians it is a welcome change. Before 1956," one said, "we could not have Gypsy music or coffee houses. We could not even be Hungarian." Future of NATO worries many Allied leaders WR NUMBER CIu^AGO (UPI)-Police admitted Monday they were wrong in accusing used car salesman Jesse Ray Stafford of j being married to three women at the same time. He actually was married to five, pohce said. By K. C. THALER Unitad Press Intamatienal GENEVA (UPI) — Allied leaders this side of the Atlantic arc increasingly worried over the future of NATO, the West's principal defense alignment against Russia. Their immediate fears have been triggered by the serious clash between Greece and 1^key over their conflicting interests in Cyprus. Both are members of NATO and constitute the alliance's chief pivot on NATO's sensitive southern flank in Europe which guards the strategic Mediterranean. diate danger of a head-on clash over Cyprus is averted. This is only one of the troubling aspects which cast a shadow over the NATO alliance. Franca Craatet Problem Already NATO has been weakened by French President Charles de Gaulle's go-it-alone tactics that have reduced France to a member in name only of the Western defense alliance. More recently De Gaulle has been reported to be seeking a sweeping reorganization of NATO which would reduce American leadership and alter the Atlantic — character of the Greek-Turkish tension is like-(alignment ly to linger, even if the imme- Shawls have been worn for naoy years, but the 19tb century was known as the "shawl period" and no lady considered henelf well- dressed unless she bad one or two in her wardrobe. The first of the bandsome Oriental shawls appeared in Europe after the Egyptian campaign of 1798. The most beautiful were produced in Kashmir from the long silky hair of the Tibetan goats. TREASURE HOUSE Your unused fiimiiure or ap- ph'ances will find a ready market through Classified Ads. This is not all. West Germany, too is dissatisfied with the way NATO is run. She feels she should be given a bigger say and repre- senUtion in NATO's highest strategy councils, equal to that 'Of the United States, Britain and France. Britain, in turn, is chary of keeping 55,000 troops in West Germany under NATO arrangements while scrapmg the barrel of her strategic reserve at home to meet emergency requirements, such as the recent flare- up in Cyprus. Britain Hard Pressed Britam also is cool to American suggestions that along with other European nations, she should make a larger contribution to NATO's conventional forces. Already she resents having to put up $225 million a year for the upkeep of her forces in Germany for which she has to beg for German relief support The smaller NATO nations also show decreasing enthusiasm for keeping up thehr contributions to NATO. They often are under pressure from opposition parties at home which cite lessened international tension as a reason for cutting the arms bilL These developments tend to have an increasingly paralyzing effect on both immediate and long-term defense planning, and European diplomats frankly fear the handicaps might get worse.
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