Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on June 3, 1974 · Page 11
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 11

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Carroll, Iowa
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Monday, June 3, 1974
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Page 11
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Housing Remains Major Problem for Residents of Crowded Japan By Kuniomi Asai TOKYO (AP) — Yoshiaski Amano, his pregnant wife and their 18-month-old baby live in a tiny, one-room apartment in southern Tokyo. They would like to move into something better but the prospects are bleak. The reason is that soaring land costs and the concentration of much of the population in small areas have made housing one of the prime concerns of the average Japanese. Amano, the 27-year-old art editor of a publishing company, left his hometown when he was 18 and soon dropped out of school to join the firm. Shortly before he marncu MIS wile, Kumiku. in 1971, he found a small but comparatively cheap unfurnished room through a real estate agency. It became the apartment for the Amano family. In addition to rent, most Japanese tenants are required to pay extra sums in the form of unreturnable "kenrikin," or key money, and a returnable "shikikin," or deposit. In Amano's case, he paid 50.000 yen — about $180 — the equivalent of three months' rent as kenrikin. 17,000 yen as shikikin and 17,000 yen as a fee to the real estate agency. Two years after the family had settled into their apartment, the landlord asked an increase of 1,500 yen per month in rent and 18.500 yen in reikin, another type of key money for a new two-year contract. Amano accepted the rent increase, but balked at the other charge and got it down to 10,000 yen. A few days later, however, the landlord showed up while Amano was not at home and tried to get Mrs. Amano to sign a paper agreeing to pay the increased reikin the next time around. "We are fed up with this type of trouble,'' the five-month pregnant Mrs. Amano said in an interview. "As you can see. our home consists of only one six-mat room measuring 12 by 9 feet. Energy Crisis May Give Cities Time to Save Selves By JOSH FITZHUGH Associated Press Writer The energy crisis will not save the cities, but it may give Bitte auf noch Carroll Mittwoch, 5 Juni der Erste Jahrliche St. Boniface Day HEISSES HAUS FARBE (HOT HOUSE SPECIAL) Wednesday, June 5 Mittwoch, 5 Juni is Deutsch Day in Carroll, the Deutschland of Iowa. 'Rouse mit der FREE Bratwuerstchen and Sauerkraut starting at 11:30 'till at 8,000 are served! MUENCHEN MOORTONE LATEX HOUSE PAINT Reg. $8.75 Gal. in 2 or more gallons 5 gallon gross pairs $6.90 gal MOORTONE FLOOR ENAMEL Oil base or latex Reg. $8.75 gal. ^M- v f Gal. MOORTONE LATEX WALL PAINT Big kraut special Reg. $6.75 gal. Red or White Latex BARN PAINT Bavarian barn painters choice Reg. $7.90 gal. in 5's only Gal. 5 90 Gal. 1 'Rouse mittum - Feel crabby? Wednesday night at the Elks Club, where the Kauts and Irish will brew the finest Munich entertainment amidst the laughter and merriment of all. Joe's Paint Center Joe Von Dalhoff, Eigentumer The Little Kraut mit der gross kraut specials Across from Court House Parking Lot Aufweidersehen them time to save themselves. Pre-existing trends toward inner city living and mass transit may be accelerated, while some movement out of the cities may be slowed. After all, says the head of Philadelphia's planning commission, "the cities are really the best energy savers that man has ever devised." Long-range trends are difficult, if not impossible, to guage. Officials universally say "it's too early to tell" whether lifestyle changes in the cities caused by the winter energy shortage will last. "Energy will be a new factor in the complicated equation of where people live and work." says Doug Parker, newly appointed energy adviser for the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. The Associated Press surveyed leaders and citizens in several of the country's largest cities to see what changes the energy crisis has brought. Their answers indicate that: —For the moment the flight from the cities may have stop- 1 ped. Families and businesses appear more cautious about leaving. Young couples see an added advantage in buying in town. —Governments are more willing to subsidize mass transit and people appear more willing to ride it. "We know we've never had so much love and affection." says Wichita's transit director Paul McGinns. —Development along the cities' fringes, and within downtown, may increase. Brokers point to the fuel-saving benefits of attached row houses. Most important, those who love the cities, or are committed to them, feel the energy crisis provides a new psychological weapon to combat the fear of racial distrust and urban crime. "I think there's been something in the nature of an awakening that things can't go on the way they were," says Donald Moore, president of the Downtown Brooklyn Development Association. ''Eve rything at least and a tiny kitchen. No bathroom. "It makes me tired to have to go to a bath house which is a 10-minute walk away. Are there any other industrialized countries which put their people in this type of poor houses?" Mrs. Amano said she and her husband have made almost every possible effort to move, but they have not been successful. They applied for units in apartment complexes owned by the national and local governments twice before their marriage, four times in 1973 and seven times this year. Such housing is extremely limited in relation to the number of applicants, and normally is made available on psychologically is flowing in ourdirection." To Susan Keller, urban sociologist at Princeton University, it's a question whether "the fantasy of open space and the open road or the fantasy of the rich city predominates. "I have heard people saying they'll take another look at the cities, that maybe cities are in again." she says. Still there appears a need "to combine various modes of life with new kinds of transport," she says. As gasoline dwindled this winter, mass transit ridership increased between 5 and 10 per cent in some cities. Transit authorities added bus lines and special lanes for car pools and urged businesses to stagger working hours to alleviate bunching. Ridership in Honolulu was so heavy officials feared the congestion would drive passengers away once the gasoline crunch eased. In Los Angeles traffic on the fabled freeways dropped as much as 33 per cent, with accidents off sharply. Downtown parking fell 20 to 45 per cent. The city's traffic engineer. S.S. Taylor, bought his first bicycle to see what problems confronted the two-wheelers. "I was thinking of getting a foreign car. a small one." said Boston cab driver Ken McCarthy. "But now I'll get a bicycle if anything. I'm serious." Perhaps to aid the shift. Boston increased its parking meter fees fivefold. "People may travel to and from work in a different way to have enough money and fuel to move about more freely during nonworking hours." says David Grayson of the Automobile Club of Southern California. Confined to the city, persons looked to restaurants, theaters and museums for entertainment. Some rediscovered neighborhood parks—or neighbors. Says Richard Barr of the League of New York Theaters: "God knows we're not encouraging the energy crisis, but it's given a lot of people a chance to find out that New York is not quite the jungle it is supposed to be." So far planners detect some increased interest in the downtown areas. Builders are looking more closely at housing in downtown Detroit. Demand is up in central Los Angeles. "I hear a lot of talk about people moving back downtown because of the energy crisis," Times Herald, Carroll, la. . <•* Monday, June 3, 1974 I j*. the basis of a lottery. The government also occasionally offers land for homes for sale, but again the same conditions exist. "As far as the buying of government-owned land or houses is concerned, if we consider our income, it is out of our sight. But we still continue because it is better than doing nothing," Mrs. Amano said. Amano earns about 140,000 yen per month, somewhat higher than the average for his job and age. The yen currently is valued at about 280 to one U.S. dollar. As an example of the shortages of land for houses, says Tom Puett, president of an Atlanta development company. "The real estate appraisers that used to look at our neighborhood with a good bit of skepticism are now very optimistic about it. "I can't tell you that everybody in the suburbs is going to move downtown, but the appraisers' attitude is a good sign." Calvin Hamilton, director of Los Angeles city planning, feels fuel prices are bound to spur the re-use of the city's tremendous investment in sewers, schools, parks and streets. ST. BONIFACE DAY COUPON SPECIALS Del Monte Big 46-Oz. Cans Coupon Good June 5 Only FRUIT PUNCH $100 Coupons Good Wednesday June 5 Only With A Purchase SAFEWAY COUPON 7-DAY ICE CHEST Limit One With Coupon. Coupon Good June 5 Only SAFEWAY CARROLL officials of the Japan Housing Corp. said 92,430 persons applied recently for the sale of 180 lots in Yokohama, the port city 20 miles south of Tokyo. Often, a number of those who are successful in the drawings have to give up their land because of increasing :osts. "If they fail to build houses within two years, they must give the land back to the government and pay land fees," said Susumu Tsuruta, an official of the housing corporation. ''That means,'' he continued, "after they pay about 10 million yen for a 330-square-meter plot of land, they then have to struggle to borrow money to pay for building a house, which now costs about 300,000 yen per four square yards." The population of Tokyo stands at about 11.6 million at present. Each household has an average of about 29 square yards of space. In the Amanos' little apartment, however, there were several luxury household items, including a color television set, and outside there was his car. Asked about the contrast between these belongings and his home itself, Amano said: "It is the only way to relax, sitting before TV or driving a car." Hemipod, Anyone? — New York City's Bronx Zoo is the home away from home for the tiny African birds which, weighing in at 2.4 grams, can be measured by the spoonful. Women's lib pacesetters of the bird world, the female hemipodes, larger and more brightly colored than males, run the family. The female lays the eggs, but thereafter it is the male's job to incubate and feed the chicks. St. Boniface Day WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5 Men's KNIT SUITS Values To S 95 DOUBLE KNIT PANTS Values To 20 FREE ALTERATIONS EDDIE QUINN'S

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