Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Saturday, June 1, 1974 Water Quality It may be some consolation to learn that even the specialists don't know if the general quality of the nation's water is getting better or worse or is indifferent. One reason is that different people mean different things when they talk about the quality of water. "We have no generally agreed upon single set of criteria that can be used as a yardstick to characterize natural water supplies." So said Dr. V.E. McKelvey. director of the U.S. Geological Survey, in an address before the recent Seventh International Water Quality Symposium in Washington. D.C. Another reason, he said, is that in many places in the United States we lack the "baseline data" from which we can begin to measure changes in water quality — on the one hand the presumably good changes resulting from pollution control programs, and on the other hand the bad. caused by continuing agricultural, industrial and urban development. There's one rule of thumb, however: "Considering that most of the water returned to the environment is of lower quality than when it was withdrawn, and that the amount withdrawn and returned has been increasing at the rate of about three per cent per year, we say with some confidence that water quality in the overall has been declining." To say that, of course, "is not very helpful." added McKelvey. He reported, however, that the government is in the process of establishing the data base required to determine trends in water quality. The International Water Quality Symposium, an every- other-year affair, is sponsored by the nonprofit Water Quality Research Council in Lombard. 111. Poignant Plea One of the most poignant moments in the whole sad tragedy of Patricia Hearst came when her sisters Anne and Vicki made their radio appeal exhorting her not to "throw your life away on a war that doesn't exist." It was Vicki who said that. Anne who told her beleaguered sister. "You're really young and have your whole life ahead of you." What sort of life it might be. no one can say. Yet there is clearly a distillation of wisdom in these cries to a loved one caught up in ways foreign to her heritage and upbringing. For this young woman to sacrifice her life on the dark altar of a grossly twisted idealism would be a tragic climax to the bizarre chain of events which began with her kidnaping. For all their heroics and claims of pure revolutionary purpose, those of her Symbionese Liberation Army captor — companions who died on that altar died quite in vain. Theirs was a pointless gesture of defiance. If Patricia Hearst takes her sisters' advice and turns herself in to authorities, she will face a difficult ordeal. She has been accused of serious crimes, and must stand trial. Yet if she does this there will be a chance, given the ordeal she already has undergone, of restoration to freedom. At least she will be alive, with some hope of giving meaning to her life. The alternative is to throw away her life on "a war that doesn't exist." Power Status The repercussions of the nuclear blast touched off by India continue to be felt throughout the world. Other governments, notably including those represented at the Geneva disarmament conference which has just ended its spring session, seem to put little stock in New Delhi's claim that it plans only peaceful uses of nuclear energy. This is not surprising, in view of a cardinal fact of international life — the fact that a government's intentions may change to adjust to changing circumstances. Having developed the ability to fashion nuclear weapons if it chooses, India may do so should it feel sufficiently threatened. Another cause for dismay is that India's action will stimulate other governments to try for nuclear power status. This is not a mere bugaboo, unlikely to materialize. Indeed, Pakistan already has set out upon this course. Pakistan's Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto promptly announced a stepup in his country's nuclear program, and Pakinstani industrialists offered their help in this enterprise. Thus we have the prospect of nuclear rivalry between two of the poorest nations in the world, nations which cannot sensibly afford to divert resources that should be spent on meeting basic human needs. "We're Right Behind You, Comrades!' Advice Viewpoint No World Panacea By BRUT Biussat The kidnapers of Patricia Hearst, who died predictably in a holocaust of gunfire and flame, had become pathetic human figures best described as "creatures of the moment." Except for the black man who called himself "Field Marshal Cinque." none of the dead can be portrayed as ever having been "deprived" as most Americans commonly define that term. They were middle class whites who graded toward varying degrees of affluence. No one in print or on screen should ever have accepted their grandiose self-designation as an "army." Their tragedy is that, as they looked about them at the social ills of the day. they allowed theinsense of the nature of life to be deeply corrupted. They wanted to work miracles of lightning change in a world where, for all the racing advance of today's computerized technology, fundamental social change still occurs slowly. Frustrated by their inability to turn a glacier into a speeding torrent, they made society and its leader symbols the "enemy." And. fatefully. they took up guns in the name of the swift fulfillment of their Utopia. Subconsciously if not otherwise, they must have known when they picked up their automatic weapons and resorted to the gruesome crime of blackmail-kidnaping that they were opting for fantasy rather than the real world. Terror thrusts the world back, not forward. The fanatic is a self-made cripple who can help no one. In the real world, living in any full sense is both a joy and a struggle. At times it means facing and coping with corruption without being corrupted or becoming cynical. The corrosive frustrations of Patricia Hearst's kidnapers grew because they could not see beyond the volatile, passing moment. They were indeed its creatures. They brought no perspective of time, of history, to the ills they perceived around them (only Cinque had actually suffered them). They gave no sign that many high-magnitude social ills have been dealt with, that more will be — even if less quickly than they wished, that some oddly would just vanish, that others, unhappily, would linger stubbornly, resisting the decades. As Cinque had been barred up in a California penitentiary, so later he and his misguided companions were locked in what historian Daniel J. Boorstin calls "The Prison of the Present" in his new book on "Democracy and its Discontents." One of the great misconceptions bequeathed us by the frantic stirrings of the young in the late 1960s and early 1970s is the foolish definition of "relevance" as meaning only that which pertains to what is happening NOW. Writes Boorstin: "....what people call 'relevance' is not really that at all. What they are talking about most of the time is not the relevant but the topical... "To show the relevance of something is to lift it above the current of daily topics, to connect it with distant events and larger issues." jSmphasis here, for me. is on "distant events'' — history. There is no practical way to deal with today's ills, problems, whatever, as if they existed only in the cocoon of the moment. They are understandable only in the stream of history that carried them to this time, just as any of us, standing anywhere at a given second, is the sum and substance of his own individual past. Noting that we have "wandered out of history," Boorstin says: "We have nearly lost interest in those real examples from the human past which alone can help us shape standards of the humanly possible.'' The charred figures of Patricia Hearst's abductors bespeak part of the cost of such terrible forgetfulness. Ignorance State of Meaning Religion The New Coalition By David Poling It may come as a surprise to some readers to learn that the Scouting movement is enjoying extraordinary growth among Indian young people in Arizona, New Mexico and Southern Utah. • Much of the leadership and push comes from concerned churchmen who see the avenue of Scouting as a lasting impact upon thousands, of families. Last year, almost 5,000 Navajo and Hopi boys were in 135 Cub Packs, Scout troops and Explorer Posts. These represents an amazing 38 per cent of all Scout-age Navajo and Hopi boys. The Kit Carson Council covers a vast area of the West, with the Indian youth served by a single full-time Scout Executive living at Window Rock, Ariz. Bishop Richard M. Trelease Jr. of the Diocese of the Rio Grande and lay leader Alfred T. Broad of Albuquerque, N.M., are urging the Episcopal Church to support the appointment of additional staff to handle this nation-sized district. The Indian community has provided a ready response to the Scouting experience. Some 600 men and women of the Hopi- Navajo Tribes were By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: Regarding the socially active university professor with a Ph.D. who wasn't sure of what R.S.V.P. meant until he saw it in your column: You replied "Ignorance is simply the absence of knowledge which is no crime. We are all ignorant, only on different subjects." Abby, ignorance is "not knowing something we should know." Nescience is "not knowing something one would have no reasonable expectation to knowing." Your not knowing the distinction between "ignorance" and "nescience" is nescience on your part. The professor's not knowing the meaning of R.S.V.P. is ignorance on his part. P.J.R.: WORD FREAK DEAR FREAK: Since words are my tools, I felt ignorant not knowing the meaning of the word "nescience." Then I polled three newspaper editors, two lawyers, a psychiatrist, the heads of the English department in three of our leading universities, a world famous novelist, a United States Supreme Court Justice, and an expert who writes a syndicated column on words, and not ONE of them had ever heard of the word "nescience." So, now I feel more nescient than ignorant. DEAR ABBY: I am a 19-year-old girl, and my problem involves my psychiatrist. I trusted him completely and told him things I never in a million years would tell mv mother, because he Health Cholesterol High Bv Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D working as volunteers in 1973. Said one Navajo scoutmaster: "Scouting is like a window to civilization for my boys, and frequently provides their first glimpse of modern life. Where Scouting is designed to teach the white boy self-reliance and how to live out of doors, it can go 'both ways' for the Indian, helping him to adapt to modern life and teaching him • the basic skills and outdoor living which in many cases were buried with his forefathers." Another new program, jointly sponsored by Central Presbyterian Church of Phoenix, the Maricopa County Neighborhood Youth Corps, and the Tri-C Council, is the Indian Youth Summer Photography Project. Here, several dozen young people were taught the professional use of modern camera technique and worked some 240 hours to develop this new skill. Their results were excellent. So good, in fact, that they were invited to show their work at the Heard Museum in this city of the sun and attracted instant acclaim for their efforts. DEAR DR. LAMB — Is it true that some nuts do not contain cholesterol? What about chestnuts and peanuts? DEAR READER — Nuts don't contain any cholesterol. Cholesterol is an animal product found in the flesh of animals and such products as milk and eggs. Just remember that if the product is from the vegetable kingdom it is cholesterol-free. The catch is that large amounts of fat cause our liver to produce more cholesterol. This appears to be particularly true of saturated fats common in animals and in coconut oil. Almost all raw nuts are high in fat. Part of this fat is saturated fat. About 87 per cent of the calories in peanuts is fat and 15 per cent of the calories is saturated fat. That is not very good from a nutritional point of view, if you want to avoid fat and saturated fat. English walnuts would be better since only 82 per cent of their calories is fat and quite remarkably only 5 per cent of their calories is from saturated fat. They are rich in polyunsaturated fat. Raw chestnuts are an exception in the nut group and are really a low fat food. They are more like a bean. Only 6 per cent of their calories are from fat. Obviously neither peanuts nor chestnuts contain cholesterol since they are from the plant kingdom. For more information about cholesterol write to me in care of this newspaper. P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019, and ask for the booklet on cholesterol. Send 50 cents to cover costs. DEAR DR. LAMB — This is a different kind of question from an 80-year-old woman in excellent health. Is it possible at her age to revitalize flaccid muscles of the upper arms arid inner thighs by exercise? She had been a swimmer for years when her body was in fine form (firm and rounded). It's different now. DEAR READER — Yes, there is no difference in muscle fibers in older people and younger people. A muscle is enlarged and its strength increased by placing it under progressive weight loads, such as in weight lifting. You don't need to use weights to do this. You can exercise your arms against resistance and this puts the muscle fibers under load and will stimulate their enlargement and increase their strength. If a muscle's strength cannot be increased or it cannot grow, it is usually because of poor circulation to the muscle. Just to use a well-known public illustration of what strength or resistant exercises can do for your muscles, Governor Wallace of Alabama has pointed out recently that he is a lot stronger in the upper part of his body than he ever was before he was shot. With the subsequent paralysis of the lower part of his body he has built up all the muscles in his arms and shoulders so that he can use them to help himself get around. This growth and increase in muscle mass in this area of the bodv has been a direct result of resistance or strength-type training. You don't have to be in your 20s to develop good muscle mass. I do think as you get older it is even more important to check with your doctor about the types of exercises you do. The group of people who should be particularly careful about weight lifting and strength-type exercises are those who already have high blood pressure. These firm contractions of muscles can sometimes significantly increase blood pressure levels. Dr. Lamb welcomes questions from his readers, but .because of the volume of mail he cannot answer personally. Questions of general interest will be discussed in future columns. Write to Dr. Lamb in care of this newspaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York,N.Y.10019. DEAR DR. LAMB — I am 62 years old and have recently found that my teeth are becoming discolored and turning yellow. I brush my teeth at least three times daily with a good toothpaste, but it does not seem to help the problem. Would this be a vitamin deficiency, and. if so. what is your suggestion to remedy the problem? DEAR READER — Our teeth undergo chemical changes as we grow older. This causes teeth to naturally show a more yellow tint. This is within the tooth itself and can't be removed by any amount of brushing. It is true that an outside coating of yellow material can accumulate and be hard to remove. I would suggest you see your dentist to have a good cleaning, which you could probably use anyway, and if they are still yellow afterward you will just have to regard it the same way we regard changes in hair color. DEAR DR. LAMB — Is aluminum foil harmful to one's body when used to cover turkey or to bake potatoes or other raw. vegetables in the oven? DEAR READER — No. It is perfectly safe. So are aluminum cooking utensils. led me to believe that everything I told him would be held in the strictest of confidence. Can you imagine how I felt when I overheard my mother telling a relative on the phone some of the things I had told my psychiatrist? I can't tell you how this upset me! In high school I stayed away from counselors, teachers, shrinks, etc., in order to avoid this. When I saw my psychiatrist, I asked him why he did this to me. At first he denied it, then he said that my mother had become "concerned" about me, so he told her everything. Abby, I thought I could trust him, and he betrayed me! What is the law concerning a doctor's keeping information confidential? He said he had a right to talk to my mother without my permission. Did he? I am not a minor. UPSET DEAR UPSET: Your doctor has committed a breach of ethics, and you would be perfectly justified in reporting him to the Ethics Committee of your local county medical society and-or psychiatric society. I suggest you do just that. DEAR ABBY: How can I get a reply from a place of business when I write them requesting specific information? I wrote to these people three times — and even then I was ignored. I didn't ask for any special favors; I inquired about buying something they sell. What is the matter with people these days? Please tell me how to get an answer out of them. FRUSTRATED DEAR FRUSTRATED: To insure a reply — and usually a prompt one, enclose a stamped, addressed envelope. If you are ignored, give up. They probably don't need the business, and they certainly don't deserve it. DEAR ABBY: Your advice about what to say when making a condolence call was particularly timely for me. I recently went to the hospital to have a baby I desperately wanted. I returned home with empty arms. Our precious baby was stillborn. You are right. Not everyone handles his grief in "the same manner. Some find comfort in talking about it. Others do not. In my case, I was so crushed, I couldn't bring myself to talk about it. Sensing this, the friends who came to see me said only: "I'm sorry." All I could say was: "Thank you." Abby, please tell your readers that in circumstances like mine, the only thing friends SHOULDN'T say is: "Don't feel so sad. You'll have another one," because I will never have THIS one again. EMPTY ARMS DEAR ABBY: Re condolences: Many, many years ago we lost our first child when he was only a few months old. Of the many things written or said to me, I recall only one, then or now. Someone close said: "The only thing I can think of to say is that I love you." Reaffirmation of one's love is important. MRS. A.M.K. Barbs Behind every successful man there stands a line of people waiting to step into his shoes. Counting chickens before they're hatched is strictly for optimists. Daily Times Herald »• WH .Nurtli ('nun Street I'.irrnll Inwii |iail\ Kvrcpt Suml;i\s and Holidays other than WiishmK- Inns Hirlhdav -mil Veterans l>av. by the Herald Publishing l'iiiiip,in\ .IAMKS W WILSON. Publisher IIIIWAKIMI WILSON. Kdilnr W I. KKIT/.NcwsKditor .IAMKS II WILSON. Vice President licncral Manager Knlriril as second class mailer al Ibe ptist-office at Carmil Iowa under Iheiirl «l March'.!. I»S»7 Member of the Associated Press The Associated 1'res.s is entitled exclusively to the use fur rcpuhlicalionof all Ihe local news printed in ihis newspaper .is well .is all AP dispatches (Mill lal Paper nl County andC'ily Subscript inn Kates IH can in lui\ ilcliven per week I 60 MY MAIL 1'arroll County and All AdjouuiiK Cmiiilics where carrier semce is uul a\ ailablc |MT\i'ar $20 W Outside n( Carroll and Adjoining I'liiintics in X.nncs I and 2 per »ear «3 «> All Other Mail in the t'lnlcd Stales, per \ear $'500 BERRY'S WORLD © 1974 by NEA, Inc. < *~ty f " "Guess what! The Great Gatsby look is back!'
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