Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on April 1, 1964 · Page 14
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 14

Redlands, California
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 1, 1964
Page 14
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14 - Wed., April 1,1964 Redlands Daily Facts 9. Unending Quest for Knowledge Quakes oppeor to be connected with the ilopes of land mo5iei where they meet the eeo. The worid'i "quake fcelti" ore locoted «her« leat ore deep offshore. POLLY'S POINTERS By Peliy Cramer ^Vhen the earth shudders, as it happened in Alaska, it spurs humans once again to the search for the secrets of nature. Earthquakes themselves are of use in the search. Much of the knowledge of the make-up of the earth's interior (1) came from the measurement of these shocks and their "echoes." Most stimulating recent attempt to get to grips with the actual properties of the earth is Project Mohole (2). Because the earth's outer crust is thinnest under the sea, scientists hope to overcome great diffi­ culties and drill down to what could he the outer surface of the primordial earth. What they bring up would verify many of their theories. Already, we know a good deal about quakes. The imbalance of weight along some seacoasts, with pressure forces in two directions (3) seems to be a factor in one type. There are also quakes caused by movement of volcanic lava under the earth or during eruptions and other disturbances, still mysterious, as deep as 100 miles or more below the surface. Question again this year Has foreign aid been worth huge expenditure? BY DONALD H. MAY United Press Internationel : WASHI.NGTON (UPI)-In the ; past two decsdes the United : States has spent more than $100 : billion in foreign aid in some • 100 countries around the world to help build up shattered postwar economies or keep communism at bay. Tliis year, as m all years past, the debate continues—has ' the expenditure been worth it? : How long must it go on? And in what amounts? • For the past two years Con'• gress has cut administration re• quests by SI billion or more. This year in the federal budget the Johnson administration has : sent Congress what it calls a "pre-shrunk" S3.4 billion rc: quest for miUtary and economic aid. This would be for the fiscal year 1965 which begins •'•July 1. By pre-slmmk President Johnson means — or hopes to convince the legislators — that he has already made the $1 bil- Uon cut and that Congress sliould not do so. But prospects are that the request will cause as big a fight his year as ever. Stress On Transition In preparing his new program for fiscal 1965, tlic Prcsi- ';,dent placed new stress on . .' "transition" countries such as these, devising individual programs for them which provide for tapering-off over a period of years. Yet there are other factors which make it impossible for .-:-aid officials to predict with any >vcertainty what aid needs will be ;:;"in the future. One is the uncertainty of military needs of the cold war. •. Another is that in programs . such as he AlUancc For Prog- . rcss for Latin America the ad- administration has pledged to aid •'.-'individual countries according to the degree to which they undertake economic and social yi' reforms and, in short, aid themselves. In Latin .America these re forms are coming slowly. If they were to speed up, U.S. aid to the self-help countries would increase. Secretary of State Dean Rusk recently devoted all of » major speech to the debate over for- Streams needed to save beach sand SANTA BARBARA - A geologist at the University of CaU- fomia, Santa Barbara, is mak- ^ing a serious plea for the pres. ervalion of beach sands along Uie California coast. Dr. Robert Norris pomts out Uial beaches are of such great economic, recreational and es tlietic importance that then- preservation should be taken into account, particularly when ever stream developments are considered. Most of the sand on the beach is delivered by streams. Dr. Norris explains, and since beaches are io equilibrium with theu: environment, they require perio die nourishment in order to bal ance the natural losses of sand they experience. Construction of dams, flood control channels, settling basins and the like tend to intercept sand and prevent its reaching the beaches. Thus far, the geologist charges, there has been no official recognition of the need for maintaining streams as agencies for the supply of beach sand. Since it is obviously imrealistic to eliminate all dams and stream development structures, all se rious artificial obstacles to t b e maintenance of beach sand sup plies, dr. Norris suggests that the next best thmg would be to have regular consideration of beach sand supply in all new stream development programs. Unless we study all aspects of this problem, he warns, we may bequeath our children and grandchildren severely eroded beaches and a tremendously ex pensive reconstruction program eign aid, answermg point by point the principle arguments of critics. Rusk's Answers These were the major citi- cisms and Rusk's answers: —That it is simply too expensive: 'The new funds requested by the President for the next fiscal year," Rusk said, "are about one-sixteenth of our miUtary budget, less than 4 per cent of the federal budget, less than 3/5 of one per cent of our Gross National Product. 'It amounts to $17.80 for each American citizen. Of this, S5.25 from each of us is for miUtary assistance, and $I2.SS for econ omic and technical assistance." —That goes to too many countries which criticize or disagree with the United States: 'We seek no satellites," Rusk said. "We are not trying to buy friends — and if we were trymg to, we could not expect to do it with aid that amounts to one or two per cent of the income of the recipient. Our objective is to help these countries to grow in independence and freedom. We must expect independent countries to disagree with us at times." —That there is waste: "I am we there has been some waste," Rusk said. "Some of the countries we have helped have suffered from turbulence caused or aggravated by Communist subversion or aggres' sion. "Under such conditions, you don't expect peace-time effici ency. Moreover, some of these countries lack experienced administrators. There have also been problems due to rapid turn-over of personnel in our own aid organizations .. .But 1 believe we now have a well- admmistered oganization." —That progcss is too slow: "We are impatient...," Rusk said. "We prefer to have them do it by democratic means. But. as we know from our own history, social and economic reforms involve tensions, political difficulties, delays." DEAR POLLY - After: months of trying to open baby] food jars by tapping, holding under hot water and so on, I %vrote a letter of complaint to a manufacturer. They suggested the use I of rubber gloves while removing! the caps which really solved the! problem for me. I hope they! will help the aching wrists of other young mothers. Those of you who hate dishwashing and have not yet discovered rubber gloves will find they make that job more pleasant and enable you to use hotter water which, in turn, is more sanitary.— MRS. E. D. DEAR POLLY — Those people who have footstools that sUp out from under their feet should measure the legs at the base and buy four rubber cone or crutch caps. They really work. I thought they were rather unsightly, even though useful, before painting them w i t h gold paint. They covered very easilv and a 19-ccnt can of paint did the job. — MRS. D. II. DEAR POLLY — We all ' KOOW that the lutings of coats and jsuits first show wear under the larms. At the first sign of wear, I sew dress shields at the armholes and my coats look good as new as long as the rest oi the lining holds out. White shields can be dyed to match colored linmgs and the black shields can go in black coats.— MRS. J. P. K. GIRLS — If you prefer covering these newly added dres -i shields with the same fabric as the coat lining, turn the sleeves wrong side out and cut away the lining from about one Inch below the underarm seam and about three or four inches above the cuff. Cut a pattern from this, allowing for teams, and replace the section of sleeve lining with other fabric the same color. E v.en when the coat is thrown back over a chair, the replaced sleeve lining will not show. I have removed printed silk from a coat sleeve lining and covered a pillbox hat to complete the costume. No one was the wiser — POLLY BEST SELLERS Fiction THE SPY WHO CAME IN FROM THE COLD — John Le Carre ,THE GROUP-Mary McCarthy ITIIE VENETI.W AFFAIR Helen Maclnnc! THE HAT ON THE BED John O'Hara I THE WAPSHOT SC.'\NDAL John Cheevcr |THE SHOES OF THE FISHERMAN — Morris West I CARAVANS—James Michcncr REUBEN, REUBEN — Peter De Vries VON RYAN'S E.XPRESS David Westheimer Nonficlion PROFILES IN COURAGE John F. Kennedy MANDATE FOR CHANGE — Dwight D. Eisenhower |j.F.K.: niE MAN AND THE MYTH - Victor LaskT FOUR DAYS — American Heritage and U.P.I. THE GREEN FELT JUNGLE —Ed Reid and Ovid Demaris ! RASCAL — Sterling North MY YEARS WITH GENERAL MOTORS — Alfred P. Solan Jr. CONFESSIONS OF AN ADVERTISING JIAN - David Ogiivy THE AMERICAN WAY OF DEATH — Jessica Mitford WILU.^M SHAKESPEARE: A BIOGRAPHY - A. L. Rowse Ideological Warfare — Who's winning? Nobody wins a propaganda war EDITORS: Following it the eighth and latt dispatch dealing with the "Great Decisions - of 1964." It will be illustrated by UPl Pieluret. Thlt dispatch en "Ideological Warfare-Whe's A.Winning" wat written from the ^'vant•g^ point of the United Nations with cooperation of UPl correspondents throughout the world. By BRUCE W. MUNN United Press International UNITED NA -nONS, N. Y. (UPl) — Nobody wins a prop • aganda war. That is the consensus of dip• lomats whose concern since . 1945 largely has been ideological warfare — the struggle for the minds of men. The field of such a conflict ' expands and contracts; its '• goals are reached and new objectives set up; its aims telescope or divide themselves hke amoeba is a never - constant kaleidoscope. Thus, at any specific point, it is next to impossible to say def- initelj' that anyone is winning the ideological war. For many years after World War II, it was a clear cut "good guy« vs. bad guys" struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union. Now, the Communist side is split by the rift between Moscow and Peking, and the East West conflict is further muddled by the question of Castro Cuba and infiltration efforts in Latin America. French Presi: dent Charles de Gaulle's go-it alone attitude has created another target area for the major propaganda opponents. The de velopment of the "non-aUgned" segment, especially through the emergence of African countries, has widened the field. Even in the NATO alliance, strong militarily but sharply di' v i d e d politically, rebellion against U.S. leadership has created the need for expanded ideological efforts. U.S. Is Reluctant U.S. officials, approached for an opinion on which side is winning the ideological war, are reluctant to give a definite assessment. They remain con^ fident that m the long run — perhaps over decades — the Communists must lose because of inherent weakness in their present system, if the United States and the rest of the "free world" remains militarily strong and reasonably united on poUtical and economic fronts. Russian officials admit no ideological opposition. They remain steadfast to Mandst-Lcn- inist insistence on the correctnes: of communism as inevitably the only way for the world. But as Russia's rift with Red China continues, Moscow's propagandists subtly give way on some poUtical points much as they quietly dropped their insistence of past years that Russians Invented "beisboL At the moment, the troubles besetting the Kremlin appear to be offset and possibly exceeded by the disarray of the free world. Moscow's debit sheet Usts the Sino - So\iet split, a growing desire m most of the Eastern European satellites to try to in crease their relaUons with the West, the graphic evidence that communism has failed to solve its agricultural problems and many of its industrial bead aches — and a demonstrable lack of success in newly-indc- j pendent Africa. Concerned Over Split Washington is concerned about the split between the United States and its European .Allies about the question of trade v-itti Communist countries, particularly Cuba, the schism with De Gaulle, the failure of many underdeveloped countries to create poUtical sta- biUty in which to use lavish U.S. aid, and an indifference to the American campaign to save Southeast Asia. The "big picture" of East- West ideological confUct cur- recently seems blurred by an overlay of individual domestic problems. The thermo - nuclear balance of terror has diminished in most minds the immediacy of an aU-oat war threat and in most countries — especially the .underdeveloped and developing I—the race appears not to the) most powerful transmitters buti to the capital that can offcrj most to reUeve the everyday problems in the country concerned. ADD SALES TAX TO TAXABLE ITEMS. ALTADENA-2270 N. Lake-2505 N. Fair Oaks ANAHQM—1C500 Magnolia St —1221S. Los Angeles SL ARCADiA-30S. First Ave. AZUSA-605 E. FoothQI 6ALDUIIN FARK -4I60II Uafas BELLFL0WER-i5123 Beliflower BURBANK-683 N. Victory Blvd. CANOGA PARK-2C821 Vanowen —6751 Fallbrook COSTA MESA-2975 Harbor Blvi COVlNA-949 W. San Bernardiao —S32 L Badillo (Berkley Souare) COMPTON—1800 N. Lone Beach CULVER CiTY-3827 Culver Center EL MONTE-12030L Valley EL SERENO-4910 Huntinfton Or. FULLERTON-920 W. CominonmKIl HOaYWOOD-1841 N. WMm Am. iiUNnRGI0IlB £ACH-7742r

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