1 h Gatesbur , • 1, - I. - * J • a morals, racial etf«fli$ ftnd American pub are pet subjects five high school ex* 6 students from titers*!-" lfl hwifty. tfl MAhM v where I lived the past year. I found out that it is hard work to Europe and South America. they are among 37 American Field Service students who this morning ended a 3-day visit in Galesburg, They departed for .Columbus, Ind., for another 3-day visit designed, to acquaint them with sections/of the Midwest before .departure to their 27 respective countries^ After having spent their senior years at New England high schools, the youlhs seem to have formed definite opinions on various aspects of life here and abroad. The five students interviewed yesterday had their say about what they had found in the United States. What was their verdict? Figuratively with one voice the young people lauded American hospitality and informality. One girl said she would take as her most cherished memory the "five new families" with whom she lived here, A boy remarked how often be had been told in matter-of-fact Americanese: "If you want a Coke they 're in the ice box. Help yourself." Misconceptions Dropped Perhaps the most rewarding aspect of their visit was the elimination of some misconceptions they had on Americans. Back in her native Port Elizabeth, a petite South African girl thought she was going to find Americans dressed in either earn a living here," commented a Brazilian. Nilsoti T. S6brinjo of Bio de Janeiro also discovered Americans are hot apathetic about foreigners as is generally believed. Thdy were as eager to learn about Brazil as he was about New England, he said. Considerate /About Nazism For Michaor Barth of Neu- muenster, Germany, Americans turned out* to be "very considerate^ Very few people in Damariscotta Maine, asked him about Nazi Germany although the subject was brobght up when other European students appeared on rostrums, he said. This was because they did not want to hurt his feelings, Michael theorized, noting also that he was born after Hitler's death. With all their admiration and affection of the easy going friendly American ways, the young visitors had a few Criticisms. And mink coats or blue jeans with no in-betweens. "I thought every- •in* iy was either fabulously wealthy or poor and I had no idea there is a middle class in this country/' confessed Valerie Dovey. The others nodded their r heads in agreement adding footnote that the misconception about America is created by Americans themselves through inadequate communications. "In Brazil we think everybody here lives. a superficial life im- in criticizing they pointed values which they thought Americans could learn from foreign cultures. One is a respect for elders, especially parents. Elizabeth Sandoval C. of Caracas, Venezuela remarked that back home she heard how children were the parents and parents the children in the United States, "I found this to be true in quite *a few cases/' she said. Defends Apartheid The South African student said she was sometimes annoyed at persistent inquiries and "missionary 1 attitudes" of New Engenders on her government's apartheid policies. Miss Dovey said she believed in her government's racial separation policy "which is not oppressionist at all." The Afrikaaners are educated in their own traditions, she said, but was quick to add that it will take years before they become educated in the Western sense. "Once they reach our level South Africa will have a multiracial commpnwealth government with Negro autonomy in many sections," she said. Immature Teen-agers Miss Dovey seemed to speak I for the group when she brought 1 up another criticism-immaturity among American teen-agers. No one disagreed while the Swedish student gave a reason for Miss Dovey> opinion. "Children here lead a sheltered life and we usually have it a little tougher," explained Miss Trobeck. Her biggest surprise, however, came when she set foot in New York and discovered the slums* "I was shocked because we don 't have slums in Sweden, and f took it for granted that a much richer country would never allow such deterioration," she said. Swedish Morals Naive questions on the part of some audiences was something that all five students put up with in bewildered merriment. The Brazilian said he had to explain that they used furniture in their homes, while the Venezuelan made it a point to tell her listen-; ers that there were things in her country other than oil. The South African had to carry slides of skyscrapers in Johannesburg, the country's capital, to prove that everybody did not live in mud thatched huts. The Swedish girl always included in her speeches a bit about Swedish morals "on life and love." "I found out our morals are misunderstood here and some people were shy about asking questions about the subject," she said. The students were invited to this country by the American Field Service, which sponsors two- way exchanges between this country and some 50 nations. A major portion of their expenses is paid by private donations in many communities including Galesburg, where two exchange students have attended GHS the past two years. h id 4— _ j L + • - L J -4 "WV. - f . * _ ^ < - - . i PRODUCER-DIRECTOR TALKS - Randolph Avery (left), producer-director of "Guys and Dolls," musical fable of Broadway, to be presented July 29 and 30 at the Knox County Fair, spoke Tuesday morning at the Lakelawn meeting of the Galesburg Junior Woman's Club, Ray which Is handling advance sale of reserved tickets for the show. Shown with Avery, left to right, are Mrs. Dean Hertenstcin, ways and means chairmffn and ticket sales chairman; Mrs. Kenneth Holeman, committee member, and Hearing Set On Chicago Segregation CHICAGO (AP) A federal Tokyo Grows TOKYO (UPI) - The population of Tokyo was officially estimated at 10,393,667 as of June 1, the statistics bureau of the Tokyo metropolitan government announced Tuesday. The figure is an increase of 42,659 over the May 1 estimate. judge has ordered Chicago's school board to answer by July 30 charges of 20 Negro families that public schools are racially segregated because children are required to attend schools closest to their homes. Judge Julius J. Hpffman tentatively set Sept. 9 for trial of an injunction suit — filed in 1961 — seeking to overturn the neighborhood school system, called de^ facto segregation by opponents. All schools are open to all children of all races, but a school in a Negro neighborhood has mostly. Negroes attending it. The judge told the parties that the suit—the oldest ~on his calendar—"will be the first case that I try in the fall." Issues Not Difficult Judge Hoffman said he does not think the issues will be har£ to resolve. He said such litigation 1 'should be settled out of court r because of the devastating effect these issues have on the commu- comparable case that civil rights ni ty- • •" suits may be carried directly to m The judge dismissed the suit a the federal courts, year ago, ruling that he could yot The Negro families suing havej take jurisdiction until the families 40 children registered in South had exhausted all remedies avail- side schools. 1 able to them in the courts of Illi- SPR1NGF1BLD, 111. (AP) — Gov. Otto Kertier today told a state cohfer&ice of Illinois mayors on civil rights and racial relations that it should lead to Negro*White leadership discussions of problems on the community level. "I think it is imperative that all of us get our Negro and our white leaderships' talking together, discussing grievances, problems ahd ways to understand and alleviate them,*' the governor said. His remarks were prepared tor delivery to about 260 mayors invited to the conference. Kerner called the leadership talks "the most important^ the most immediate and the most fundamental thing that needs doing" He said the object was ,( to keep the course of race relations withjn the peaceful channels of constructive progress." nois. On June 26, However, the U.S. Motorists Can Circuit Court of Appeals directed ^11 ' 1 C J that Judge Hoffman hear the suit. i^tieCK ODeeCl OH Justice Color Blind The governor, warning of the strength of the action toward racial change and of possible strong reaction, said, "Justice should be color-blind." "While I think we must clearly play our role of law enforcement straight down the middle without fear or favor, I think we must seek to sympathetically understand the deep, pent-up drive of our'Negro fellow citizens and th§ equal, if sometimes irrational, fears and prejudices of many whites who feel threatened," hi said. Kerner called on state and local officials to lead in removing discrimination by enforcing civil ri ghts laws and by using government funds only for non*discrim* inatory contracts. He also urged community leadership in opposing segregated private hiring practices and ill achieving integrated neighborhoods and schools. He said discrimination and segregation lead to slum growths. 4 Galesburg's delegate to the one- day conference is Police Chief William Miller. In a letter sent by Gov. Kerner last week, Mayor Cabeen, City Manager Thomas Herring and other interested city officials were invited to the meeting. Herring and Cabeen could not make it due to prior commitments. READ THE WANT ADSI r /In tl/at decision, the Circuit Court followed a ruling earlier in June by the U.S. Su^reipe Court on a SPRINGFIELD, 111. (AP) Police Device Giant-sized speedometers will be mounted on top of one state police car in each district within Food for Algeria ALGIERS, Algeria (UPI) - An a week s0 motorists can check agreement was signed here Tues- the ir own speedometers, day between the American CARE SWIM GOODS SALE IDEAL RAFT _66e LARGE AIR MATTRESS $1.21 CHILDS' APPROVED LIFE VEST _ ___$4.78 . . "The. 14 squad cars will be on organization and Algeria under regular police patrols," Public which an estimated $15 million Safety Director Joseph E. Ragen worth of. U.S. food will be distrib- said Tuesday, "and the courtesy uted to 1.4 million Algerians. The function is an extra." The squad year-long program will begin in cars will systematically cover September. their districts. ...TOYS... Kiddie Korner THE GALESBURG You Can Count on Us... Quality Costs No More at Sears NEW LOW YEARS SPECIAL SEARS ! U'f :HHrK AND 17. 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