Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Friday, May 31, 1974 Trial in Senate There is one thing that Americans must soon (to borrow a phrase) get perfectly clear, and that is the vital difference between the impeachment process established in the Constitution and a trial by jury in a court of law. The White House, for understandable if not admirable reasons, has not been overly concerned with contributing to that clarification. If a sizable number of Americans can be persuaded that an impeachment hearing is the same as a criminal trial, they will presumably accept the President's argument — or that of his lawyer — that in the absence of clear proof that the President did commit some crime, he cannot, in all justice, be impeached. And if he cannot in all justice be impeached, neither can he be asked to give into pressure that he resign — pressure that no doubt will reach a peak of intensity when and if the House Judiciary Committee sends a recommendation of impeachment to the whole House. It is not the President's lawyer, however, but one of his advisors who has probably done the most to confuse the mind of the public in this matter. Dr. John McLaughlin, a Jesuit priest who is deputy special assistant to the President, has called on Rep. John Conyers, D- Mich., either to step down from the Judiciary Committee or be removed by its chairman because of published statements by Conyers which indicate that "his mind is made up on the innocence or guilt of President Nixon." The congressman would never be permitted to serve on a jury to hear evidence, says McLaughlin, yet he is on the House committee that must decide the President's fate. The fact is. of course, that the Judiciary Committee is not "trying" the President. If it is acting as a jury of any kind, it is as a sort of grand jury determining whether or not there is evidence that the President of the United States committed an impeachable offense or offenses. If it does so determine, and if this determination is accepted by a majority of the House of Representatives, then articles of impeachment will be sent to the Senate. It is in the Senate that the President would be formally tried and where his fate would be decided. An impeachment is thus an indictment, not a verdict of guilt or innocence. But even an impeachment trial is not the same as a trial in a civil court of law. The kind of evidence the 100 jurors in the Senate might consider in reaching their verdict is wholly different from that which would be required to convince 12 good men and women true in any other kind of trial. So, too is the final verdict different. It extends only to removal from office (although the Constitution does provide for subsequent civil trial of any convicted party). Unlike a grand jury, however, the Judiciary Committee has taken extreme pains to ensure that all possible opportunity is extended to the President to present his side. His lawyer has been permitted to offer arguments and to see evidence and to question witnesses. Neither civil law nor the Constitution require that this be done, but obviously it is essential that the public be shown that no one is trying to railroad the President or to "overthrow" the 1972 election. It is just as essential, however, that the public understands that what may be insufficient evidence for finding a defendant guilty in a civil court of law may be quite sufficient for his removal from a position of political trust — either involuntarily through an impeachment trial or, as appears increasingly possible, voluntarily through his resignation. "Up! Up!' Viewpoint Adds to Oil Crisis By Bruce Biossat Advice Wants Wife to Pose in the Nude By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: I am approaching 40 and so is my wife. We've been married for 22 years. Like most couples our age. our sex life isn't what it used to be. My wife can take it or leave it. I'm no sex maniac, but I'm not exactly dead yet. Last Christmas the wife gave me a Polaroid camera, and just for the heck of it, she let me take some pictures of her in the bedroom, unclothed. That's when I discovered those pictures really turned me on. Now, all of a sudden the wife tells me she is no striptease model, and she doesn't want to pose for any more pornography. I say it's not pornorgraphy as long as we're married because I'm the only one who sees those pjctures. G We are both born-again Christians. Homemaking I'd like your opinion. AM I kooky or not? SHUTTERBUG DEAR SHUTTER: Not kooky, just a little far out. Whatever you do behind closed doors that is mutually agreeable is all right! I'm sold. Now all you have to do is sell the wife. DEAR ABBY: I am so upset, I don't know what to do anymore. I've called the police, military base. Chamber of Commerce, the base chaplain and three lawyers. As I write this I am crying and have a knot in my throat. I've been married to a serviceman for 15 years and now he is involved with a red-headed woman who works where he works. (He got her the job.) He picks Jeans Hangup Bv Polly Cramer Rooftop Art Ours is an era in which artists love to do the unexpected. There is a great tendency to experiment — to try new media, to use traditional media in new ways, to place works of art in unusual , places. A fine example of the latter phenomenon is being provided by one of the nation's most celebrated artists, the sculptor and painter Alexander Calder. To help along a civic extravaganza called Festival '74 in Grand Rapids, Mich., the venerable master of mobiles will do an enormous mural on the roof of the county building. At first thought this seems rather extreme. One envisions the work being viewed only by people in helicopters and airplanes. But not so: numerous other buildings in the area are higher, so that once the mural is unveiled for the festival it will be viewable from rooftops and windows. What rain and snow and sunlight will eventually do to the work, who can say? But for a time, at least, Grand Rapids will have what so far as we know is the only rooftop mural by a distinguished American artist. For a time. We'd bet 'that before long some other painter will try his hand at this high art form. POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — A pair of my white jeans have turned rather brown and the tag on them says "Do not bleach." Around the bottoms of the legs in embedded dirt from walking across a puddle. There is bicycle grease along the seams and some black ink marks. I tried using hair spray but really did not know how much to use or how to do it. I hope someone has a solution that will help me clean these jeans. -J.S. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with the cosmetic companies that put cake powder in plastic cases. These break so easily. Mine always break at the hinges long before I use all the powder. —MRS. F.C. DEAR POLLY — I am answering Mrs. M.C.J. who had two loads of clothes come out of the washer with yellow crayon marks on them. This happened to me when doing a load of my husband's permanent press dress slacks. I first put them in the freezer and when they were good and cold I gently scraped off as much crayon as possible. It may take more than one DEAR GIRLS — A well-known washing machine company suggests the following for removing crayon stains. "Loosen stain with kitchen shortening. Apply detergent on stain, working until outline of stain is removed. Launder as usual. Repeat process, if necessary, pretreating with "a liquid household cleaner. If stain persists, use bleach if safe for the fabirc. Rinse and launder." —POLLY. DEAR POLLY — My Pointer has saved me from falling many times. I tacked a cap from a pop bottle to the bottom of each of my crutches and my cane. The crimped edges of the caps (on the outside bottom) kept my cane or crutches from slipping, particularly in bad weather. —TILLIE. her up and drives her home, and I see him only when he comes here to change his clothes. He has told me he doesn't love me anymore and as soon as he can afford it he will officially divorce me. He's even tried to push men at me. I am so hurt I could die! I would do away with myself, if I didn't have five kids who need me. When I complain about the way he treats me. he beats me up. I know you'll think I'm crazy, but I still love him and want to know how I can get him back. MISERABLE DEAR MISERABLE: Your chances for getting him back are small, and from your letter. I think you're better off without him. But if you considered doing away with yourself, you need help in -handling your problems. It's available through your County Mental Health Association, and Family Service Association. Give them a call. CONFIDENTIAL TO "AM I AN ALCOHOLIC?": That's a tough one to answer because there is no absolute definition of an alcoholic. But here's a partial checklist drawn up by The National Council of Alcoholism: Do you drink heavily after a disappointment or a quarrel? Did you ever wake up the morning after to discover you couldn't remember part of the evening before even though you didn't pass out? Do you try to have a few extra drinks when others will not know? Have you often failed to keep a promise to yourself about controlling or cutting down on your drinking? If the answer is "yes" to any one of the above questions, you have a problem. And the best solution for that kind of problem begins with one telephone call — to Alcoholics Anonymous. They're in your telephone book. It's your move. CONFIDENTIAL TO H. IN OMAHA: I don't recommend marrying a man for his money. You may have to divorce him to get it. To talk about oil prospects instead of Watergate may not offer Americans much comfort. Especially when fresh reports suggest that the immediate oil future (1974-80) may be less cheerful than some earlier surveys have indicated. In reporting on the oil situation since last October's Middle East war suddenly put it in the "crisis" arena, I have sought consistently to deal in the hard practicalities of proved reserves and reasonable estimates of additional supplies. I consciously avoided the morass of conflicting arguments over profits, diverted supplies, shifting refinery practices, etc. The bad news today is that there is no good news. The only place to start is with the realities of the moment. By the most optimistic judgment, this nation's proven oil reserves are put at around 40 billion barrels, including some 10 billion on Alaska's still-developing North Slope. That basic stock could be added to somewhat by new discoveries in continental areas which oil geologists consider promising. Some exploration is underway, but it is severely handicapped. First, off, the widened search requires, for'the most part, drilling deeper than is customary, and farther from inhabited sectors. The increased cost involved is obvious. And no one is offering really solid guesses as to how much new oil might thus be added to our established reserves. Nor is that the end of it. New drilling demands much new equipment — most importantly, big supplies of steel pipe. And that vital pipe is in short supply, with steel mills unable to meet more than a fraction of the rising demand. So much for that aspect. Some weeks ago I reported that hopeful new recovery techniques applied to already existing wells might add some 55 billion barrels to our recoverable stocks of oil. The figure stands today as still valid, but the immediacy of the promise has diminished. In the oil world, the methods I then referred to are known as "tertiary recovery." They are sophisticated, still experimental techniques which go Daily Times Herald 50H Nurlh Cnurl Street r.irrull. Inwa Dailv Kxrcpl Sundius and llnlidiiys other than Washing- hin s ltirtli(la\ iinil Veteran s Diiy. by Ihe Herald Publishing t'umpam .IAMKSW WILSON. I'ublishiT IIOWAUII II WILSON. Kdilnr W I. It KIT/ News Kditor JAMKS II WILSON Vice I'rrsidrnl (leneral Manager Knlcrcd as secondclass mallrr ill the post mil liiwii under the act ol March 2. IM»7 nfhre al Car- Member nl the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use fur rcpunlicalion nf all the local news printed in this newspaper .is well as all Al' dispatches Olfmal Paper nH'nunU and Cily Subscript inn Kates ll\ earrirr lm\ delivers per week IIV MAIL Carroll I'minti and All Adjoining CM nlies \\herec.irrierser\iei 1 it a\ailahle per vear lcu( (.'ainill .mil Adjoining nties in Xnnes I ,md '2 per r All Other Mini in the Tinted SI.lies per vr:ir t 60 $2000 $23 01) $2700 BERRY'S WORLD © 1974 by NBA, Inc. "Requests are pouring in from congressmen for you to come and campaign in their districts. The trouble is they're mostly from Democrats!" beyond the primary recovery of natural flow (assisted of course by accompanying gas pressures), and the secondary recovery promoted by the common practice of water-flooding. An article in the fall, 1973 issue of World Oil magazine states: "Secondary recovery has reached maturity, with water-flooding the most used method ... But even after prudent flooding, most oil discovered in a field will be left in the ground." It is at this point, of course, that "tertiary" techniques take on major significance. What is involved? Essentially, this means a developing practice of "flushing out" additional crude oil by forcing detergent-style chemicals through porous, oil-bearing rock strata in established wells. Short of such techniques, the average well is yielding only about 31 per cent of its oil. With such methods, recovery might rise to 50per cent or a bit more. Now, however, comes a new hobbling factor. Though the industry is said to be spending about $25 million yearly on tertiary recovery research, in the end. the hope in such methods rests upon the availability of the quite special flushing chemicals required to force out added oil. And, sadly, we now learn that THEY are in desperately short supply. Some new plants for production of these needed detergents are under way. But their projected output falls far, far short of the volume required to realize the full promise of tertiary techniques. To put the matter with brutal coldness, the present shortage and the evident slow development outlook for these vital flushing chemicals takes the bright gleam off the hope that some early relief might be won in the domestic oil supply picture. We can shelve the dream that by the magic of tertiary recovery, America can rather quickly possess itself of another 55 billion barrels of proven crude and thus ease its oil outlook in the years just ahead — before the more distant prospects of more offshore oil, synthetic crude, and wholly different sources of energy become realities. The hard-to-swallow truth is that chemical and other shortages put that 55-billion-barrel dream almost as far off as all our more distant hopes. Health 'Little Strokes' Bv Lawrence E: Lamb, M.D DEAR DR. LAMB — I have what they call transient ischemic attacks. I'm on Coumadin to help the circulation of my blood. They told me my blood was flowing good through the veins, but what I can't understand is why do I have the numbness all the time now on my ^eft side. I have been to two doctors. They both told me they could do nothing for the numbness. It bothers me so at night. I hope you can give me some information. I'm 65. DEAR READER — Transient ischemic attacks are sometimes called little strokes. They are the result of disease in the arteries in the brain. It's the same disease that affects the arteries to the heart and causes heart attacks and strokes. Breaking down the term, ischemia refers to lack of blood. The ischemia of the brain, in this case, is caused by the disease in the arteries. Since they occur as short episodes, they are called transient. The attacks are very much like a stroke, except the episodes are of short duration. Usually they only last five to 20 minutes. With such episodes it's common to have temporary difficulty in speech or temporary paralysis of an arm or leg or even difficulties in vision. In the more common episodes there is no residual damage. However, the fact that you complain of some continued difficulty suggests to me that you've had some relatively permanent damage to some of the brain cells. Although from your letter this doesn't seem to be your problem, multiple little episodes can eventually destroy many of the brain cells in the gray matter or the brain cortex. This, in turn, can cause individuals to have personality changes and may cause forgetfulness and other mental changes. The personality and mental changes may occur in the absence of any physical findings such as paralysis or difficulty in speech or vision. If one did not know the individual before such little strokes occurred, they might not recognize that the individual had the problem. Transitory attacks may recur for one or two years, and then suddenly there won't be any. Some individuals only have one or two episodes and don't have any recurrence after that. Anyone who has such a problem deserves a careful study of the circulation to the brain. In some instances there is disease involving arteries outside the skull in the neck region or elsewhere that affects the circulation to the brain. The problems in these areas can often be corrected surgically. I would presume that the numbness that you complain of is directly related to damage of brain cells and in that case there is, indeed, very little else that can be done about it at this time. It is true that the function of any muscles that are involved with any form of stroke can be improved and helped with physiotherapy. This is sometimes important to prevent loss of function later. So, I would think the important thing in your case might be maintaining the full range of activity and motion of your arms, legs and various muscles. I note that you refer to the circulation in your veins. Actually the area that doctors are interested in is the circulation through your arteries. I am sure your doctors meant the circulation through your arteries at this time is all right. The Coumadin you are taking is to prevent any further clotting episodes in the arteries that could cause new attacks. Can Anyone Take Over? The nagging tragedy in this nation now, while the President is weak, is that Congressional leadership is even weaker. This is the time of all times when Senate and the House of Representatives should be providing the imagination and strength to carry the nation through. This columnist has repeatedly discussed how divided the Administration is on energy policy. The situation in Congress is even worse. The House committees on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, Public Works and Science and Astronautics all created competing energy subcomittees and the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs considers itself the center of House energy legislation. The tangle seems impossible to straighten. The President has no rational programs for curbing inflation and unemployment. Neither does Congress. And so it goes, down the line of critical national problems. The Congress votes the money to run major sections of the government quite frequently months after the old budget appropriations have expired, forcing key agencies to limp along on hand-to-mouth temporary appropriations under outdated programs. Neither the House nor the Senate have workable methods for debating major overall economic priorities. There is no adequate procedure in the Senate or House for considering the balance between federal expenditures and inrome.
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