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Iowa a place to grow Carroll Daily Times Herald Vol. 105 — No. 128 Return Postage Guaranteed Carroll, Iowa, Friday, May 31, 1974 — Eight Pages Delivered by Carrier Boy Each Evening for 60c Per Week 15c Single Copy Syria, Israel Sign Historic Pact GENEVA, Switzerland (AP) — Syria and Israel signed an historic U.S. -negotiated disengagement pact today committing them to end the fighting on the Golan Heights and move toward lasting peace in the Middle East. A half hour after the signing, the guns that boomed across the bleak and barren front for the past 81 days fell silent, an Israeli military communique said. Artillery duels that started in the early morning continued intermittently past the deadline and finally fizzled Farmers Hard-Hit by Rains DES MOINES. Iowa (AP)— "I think probably there will be greater damage than most people think when all this rain is over with." says western Iowa farmer Kirk Bennett. "We'll come through in some way. but there will be a lot of hardship before it's over with." Bennett, 52. who farms west of Mapleton in Monona and Woodbury counties, is one of thousand's of Iowa farmers whose corn crops face a bleak future because of month-long rains. "The last four-week period was one of the wettest in the state's history." said Perry Baker, assistant chief of the National Weather Service forecast office in Des Moines. "There were certainly other years with the same rainfall problems in the spring." Baker said, "but we're to the point now where heavy rains are causing a lot of problems. "The soil is totally saturated. The rain has almost a 100 per cent runoff which results in more flooding into creeks and streams into major rivers." "I've been farming all my life, and this situation is very bad," said Bennett, a district U.S. Soil Conservation commissioner. "The hills have had excessive erosion and the Missouri River bottomlands have got thousands of acres under water—and it's all good farm land. "Two weeks ago it looked like the biggest crop they'd ever had—before this rainy spell set in," Bennett said. "There are Darts of the state—especially a heavy belt in the central and to the east— where it's becoming very critical," said Duane Skow. statistician in charge for the U.S. Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, Des Moines. "There are three main concerns now for farmers: the lateness of the season, what have they lost in fertilizers, herbicides, etc, due to leaching (water seeping through the soil) and erosion. "A lot of farmers are getting jittery. But it will be at least a week, without further rain, before many farmers can turn a tractor wheel," Skow said Thursday. out altogther, newsmen reported from the front. A United Nations spokesman said all signatures were completed at 5:45 a.m. CDT after a last-minute delay caused by Syria's apparent reluctance to sign the pact in the presence of newsmen. The snag had developed about 30 minutes earlier after Israeli representatives had s i g n e d the disengagement agreement. The Syrians, expected to follow, sat still and made no move. At that time, Lt. Gen. Ensio Siilasvuo of Finland, commander of the United Nations Emergency Force in the Middle East who chaired the meeting, announced a 15-minute recess. Newsmen were asked to leave the marbled council hall of the Palais des Nations, the Geneva U.N. headquarters. And shortly thereafter the problem was cleared up, and the agreement negotiated by Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger in a marathon peace mission was signed. Signing of the pact is expected to end 80 days of fighting on the Heights, start a prisoner exchange and move a permanent peace a step closer Accept Trophy — Allan Wittrock and the Rev. Dale Koster. principal of Our Lady of Mount Carmel School, accept a trophy- awarded to the local school having the most students per capita entered in the American Lung Association's walk-a-thon in Carroll on May 4. A bicycle donated by the Young Adults Club was presented to Mrs. D. L. Steen of Carroll for raising the most money in the walk. Mrs. Steen collected over $180. Of the roughly S6.000 pledged in the walk-a-thon, over $4.000 has been turned in. Ray Cancels Trip to Study Credit Bill DES MOINES. Iowa (AP)Gov. Robert Ray plans to consider the consumer credit bill— which would raise the minimum interest rates on credit transactions—over the weekend or Monday, according to aides. The governor had originally planned to act on the measure, passed in the final hours of the 1974 legislative session, by late Thursday. But Ray cancelled plans to attend the National Governors Conference to work on the Iowa Man, 19, Drowns in Lake CHARITON, Iowa (AP)—A Chariton area man is the state's latest drowning victim. Merlin Wallace, 19. drowned Thursday night in the lake at Red Haw State Park east of Chariton. consumer credit and other bills. The measure would permit retailers to charge up to 18 per cent on the first $500 balance of revolving charge accounts and 15 per cent on balances above $500. It would permit up to 15 per cent interest on closed-end credit, such as the one-time purchase of major appliances. Many retailers commonly charged 18 per cent interest before the Iowa Supreme Court ruled last September that credit sales are subject to the state usury law and are limited to 9 per cent. Atty. Gen. Richard Turner and several Democratic office-seekers "have urged Ray to veto the measure. Turner contends that one section of the bill which requires debt collectors to be licensed would require all lawyers and newspaper delivery boys to buy an annual $10 license. to the troubled area. On Saturday. Israeli and Syrian military delegations begin five days of talks on the disengagement timetable and on precise demarcation lines for thinning out of forces. The troop separation agreement says all its provisions are to be implemented by June 25. Israel and Syria formally endorsed the pact on Thursday, one day after agreement by the negotiating teams was announced in Jerusalem and Washington. The Syrian endorsement came at a 10-hour session of President Hafez Assad's Oklahoma Publisher Dies at 101 OKLAHOMA CITY (API- Edward King Gaylord, a seemingly shy man who parlayed a borrowed $6.000 into a publishing and broadcasting empire died Thursday night at his Oklahoma City home. He was 101 years old. Gaylord headed the Oklahoma Publishing Co.. publishers of The Daily Oklahoman and Oklahoma City Times..for 71 years. His other properties included television and radio stations in six states and a commercial freight line. He was considered one of the nation's most prominent publishers and his two Oklahoma City newspapers won national recognition under his leadership. Gaylord maintained an active interest in his various properties until his death. He worked regularly at his office in recent weeks after recovering from a back ailment which required hospitalization. His death, shortly before midnight Thursday, followed what a member of the family said appeared to be a heart attack. • Gaylord attended an Oka- homa City Chamber of Commerce breakfast Thursday morning and spent the remainder of the day in his office. Although small of stature, Gaylord was a man of definite, conservative opinions. And his desire to be remembered for his newspapers was never far from his thoughts. As his portrait was unveiled in the Oklahoma Hall of Fame Gallery last year, he commented: "I can imagine someone coming through here 50 years from now, seeing this portrait and saying, 'E. K. Gaylord. I wonder who that is? It says he was a publisher, but was best known for living to be over 100 years old.'" ruling socialist Baath party and Israeli approval on a 76 to 36 vote in the Knesset, or parliament. Israeli Premier Golda Meir, 76, who supported the Egyptian and Syrian disengagements, said the Knesset debate was the last session she would attend before Premier-designate Yitzhak Rabin takes over the Israeli government. The disengagement agreement contains these points: —A land, sea and air cease- fire that both sides will "scrupulously observe." — A rearrangement and Cartel Plan Could Raise Fuel Prices NEW YORK (AP) - Oil company officials warn that Americans could again be paying high prices for scarce fuel if nations controlling most of the world's oil exports decide to increase oil taxes. A plan now under consideration by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) will raise prices at the gasoline pump if it is adopted, according a major oil company official. The executive also said the United States could again experience supply problems since the higher taxes could eliminate marginal oil operators. The oil firm officials were responding to statements made by OPEC Secretary-General • Abderrahman Khene in Vienna. The organization is a cartel that controls 80 per cent of Global oil exports. Khene said the Western oil companies had made profits of only 50 cents per barrel of crude until recent months. Spurred by the energy crisis, their per-barrel profits jumped to $4 and more, he said. —Staff I'holn Joins Store Dan Hilsabeck. an A u d u b o n native who recently took a post with the Carpet World's Store for Homes here, will be in charge of expanding the store's furniture operation. Hilsabeck attended the University of Iowa and in 1966 was co-captain of the Hawkeye football team. He worked three years as a factory representative for International Furniture and served as general manager of Jack Jones Furniture in Cedar Falls for three years. He and his wife. Michelle, have two children. Terry. 3. and Nicki. 7. Driving Course is Offered Driver education will be offered again.during the summer by the Carroll Community School district. Both students and adults are eligible for instruction, according to Robert Witowski, director. Adults interested in taking the training are asked to call the high school principal's office by Friday. June?. The seven weeks course will begin June 4 and end July 19. Credit will be given for 30 hours of classroom instruction and six hours of behind-the-wheel instruction. To enroll, students must be 15 years of age by June 4 and have a driving permit. Book and materials fee is $5. payable June 4. All students will report to the Carroll High School auditorium at 10 a.m. June 4 for instructor and area assignments. Instructors include, besides Witowski, Leo Steffen, Dennis Lokken, Roger Trachsel, Bob Rogers, Kent Lanning, Bill Albright and Dennis Donnelley. separation of Israeli and Syrian forces along the 40-mile front. American officials say Israel will evacuate territory it captured in the October war. as well as the city of Quneitra and six or seven villages captured in the 1967 war. — Return of all wounded prisoners of war. supevised by the International Committee of the Red Cross within 24 hours after the signing. The morning after military working group completes its tasks, all remaining prisoners will be returned. The prisoners involved include 73 Israelis and 408 Syrians, Moroccans and Iraqis. —Control by each side of its own airspace. — Repatriation within 10 days of the signing of the bodies of prisoners who have died. The two sides continue to differ over the type of U.N. presence in the buffer zone. The Syrians have spoken of U.N. "observers." while Israel wants a U.N. "force" to actively protect the truce from violations. There will be 1,250 U.N. personnel with defensive weapons. At the United Nations, the Security Council met for nine minutes Thursday in an effort to discuss the force, but China and the Soviet Union had the issue shelved on the ground that the pact should be signed first. Hathaway to Re-enact Trip; in City June 9 Dr. Allan Hathaway, a Davenport dentist, will leave June 2 from New York City and drive across the United States on the old Lincoln Highway to San Francisco June 15. The Iowa Development Commission said Friday Hathaway will make stops in Clinton and Jefferson Making about 30 to 35 miles per hour. Dr. Hathaway is expected to pass through Carroll early on the morning of June 9. The trip is. a re-enactment of a transcontinental trip made by the pioneer Ford across the United States in 1924 when Ford observed production of its 10 millionth car. Frog-Trainer — In training, one of the contestants in California's annual •'Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" race practices weight-lifting in preparation for the big event. Trainer Bill Steed supervises the training session and claims to use hypnotism on his amphibious charges in order to improve their racing form. Steed has bestowed the degree of DFP upon himself. Doctor of Frog Psychology. Nine Seeking Gross' Seat in 3rd District BULLETIN WASHINGTON (AP) President Nixon's summit talks with Soviet leaders will open June 27, the White House announced today. By The Associated Press The only sure thing about the Iowa 3rd District congressional race is that Rep. H.R. Gross, R-Iowa, will not win. Gross is not running—but nine political hopefuls are. ranging from a former Federal Communications Commission member to a Mason Citv chiro.oractor. Among the candidates are several legislators or former legislators, and a University of Northern Iowa speech professor. Gross, who served in Congress for 24 years, told his north central Iowa constituency several months ago that he was ending his public career. As candidates will do. those seeking the 3rd District seat often refer to "the issues," and make their stands on them clear. But Nick Johnson, Kesley, believes one factor that will earn him the Democratic nomination is his experience in Washington. At 39. he is the oldest of the Democrats seeking the job. He points to his 10 years in Washington—as an FCC member, federal maritime administrator. Supreme Court law clerk and Washington lawyer. He says he already has the political contacts there which are needed by effective lawmakers. Nonetheless, he admits that it "won't be the downfall of the republic if I'm not elected." Johnson questions the ability of anyone to "find out in 1974 what the issues will be in 1975 and 1976" when whoever is would be casting votes in Congress. Rep. Stephen Rapp, D-Waterloo, wants to make the jump from the Iowa Statehouse to Congress, and says he would concentrate on energy and tax matters as a U.S. representative. He said he has at least 12 specific proposals for changes in the tax laws to put an end to the "special benefits, shelters and deductions provided for the well-to-do. Rapp, 25, is a Waterloo attorney. He was a research assistant to Sen. Birch Bayh, D-Ind.. and worked with the Federal Department of Housing and Urban Development. The man who got Gross' endorsement was Robert Case- Gross' top assistant in Washington for 17 years who returned to Iowa in 1971 to direct the Des Moines field office of the Department of 3rd District, See Page 2 Area Forecast Mostly clear and cop.l Friday night, lows in mid 40s. Partly sunny and warmer Saturday, highs 70to 75. Upset Over High Rates, Town Votes to Throw Out Big Utility MASSENA, N.Y. (AP) — Residents of this northern New York town, upset over rising electric bills, have voted overwhelmingly to throw out the giant utility that has provided their power for 74 years. The voters of this town of 16,000 approved a muncipal takeover of the power system Thursday. Final, unofficial results showed 3,636 in favor and 2,178 against — a margin of 63 to 37 per cent. Supporters of the takeover of the Niagara Mohawk Power Corp. facility hailed the vote as a victorv for consumers in the fight against rising utility bills. "The consumer, the little guy that has to pay a power bill every month, had an opportunity to lower his own cost of living by voting," said John Dumas, spokesman for the town and village boards. He estimated that the switch "will pay off in a 20 per cent rate reduction at takeover." The boards now have the authority to condemn Niagara Mohawk transmission facilities and take them over through a $4.5 million bond issue. Niagara Mohawk, which serves 1.3 million customers in upstate New York, waged a month-long advertising campaign against the takeover. "We have been here 74 years and we feel we are the experts in the electric utility business." said a Niagara Mohawk spokesman. The utility argued that the takeover's true cost would be about $8.3 million, almost double what the town estimated. The issue of whether the town can go into the electric 'Utility business "will have to be settled in the courts," said Donald P. Nims, Niagara Mohawk district manager. To Start Sandbagging in Iowa City DES MOINES, Iowa (API- Three companies of the 224th Engineer Battalion of the National Guard were expected to arrive in Iowa City Friday to start sandbagging operations because of flooding in the Coralville and Iowa City communities. Capt. Robert Anderson, public information officer, said about 400 guardsmen were called to active duty Thursday night. The units activated are from Fairfield, Mount Pleasant, Keokuk and Burlington. Anderson said a small ad- vance detachment was sent to Iowa City Thursday night and the remainder would leave Friday morning. Gov. Robert Ray had earlier ordered an alert of the 224th, headquartered at Fairfield, as a precautionary measure. Ray said the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was ready to commit up to 1 million sandbags to the scene. If necessary, he said appeals would be made for volunteers in those communities to reinforce the guardsmen. Ray said the corps set the rate of discharge from the Co- ralville Reservoir at 10,000 cubic feet per second—enough to cause some low level flooding in the communities. But he said if additional heavy rains occur in the watershed of the Iowa River, it would be necessary to increase the rate of flow out of the reservoir which would cause more flooding downstream. University of Iowa officials also began taking precautionary measures Thursday as the Iowa River remained high but steady throughout most of the day. A levee was to be constructed along the west bank of the river to protect the university's fine arts campus from predicted higher water, said George Chambers, U of I executive vice president. U of I physical plant workers began filling sand bags Thursday night for the levee. Residents in lowland areas along the river were advised that severe flooding was possible in Iowa City and Coralville, but no one had been evacuated by late Thursday.