Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 9, 1963 · Page 17
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 17

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Galesburg, Illinois
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Tuesday, July 9, 1963
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Page 17
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Many Southern Cities Reportedly Desegregating Without Public Fanfare RftttOH'S NOftfi - Ofefr itiMtottd by the dully npfiti* tl CMifttei MiMl «rtiii tfntn % ttMkM'i ehtl rigtiii tattle. growMls has been a growing (lit tA imtthern titteft #h*fe deseg- tegittfon KM taken ptitas with tttife wr no fanfare. Negrow to* tin IIWI tltne afe eating la ret* tatttaatft and it&plrig In hotels when they were turned away a few monthi ago. A ttrtey reveala a lowering of racial bar- rtert In all/southern itatea except MlMltslppt. s *> United Ptm fitenmiltiil Negroes no longer are required to sit in separate balconies in motion picture theater* In Little ttock, Ark., Amarillo, Tex,, and Richmond, Va. A Negro can now spend the night, or dine out, at some of the leading hotels in Charlotte, N.C., Orlando, Fla., and Atlanta. A few months ago they were politely turned away. The "White" and "Colored" signs that designated separate Water fountains in several Deep South cities have been discarded. Quietly, and in many cases without publicity, a number of southern towns and cities have lowered racial ba'rriers, or are in the process of doing so. Action Voluntary Many have taken the action on a "voluntary" basis. Some acted after secret negotiations between white and Negro leaders. Others decided to follow the recommendations of biracial committees. Negroes to Step-Up Integration Drive In Schools Throughout United States EDITOR'S NOTE—Why do Negro integration leaders attach major importance to school desegregation? And how firmly are they pressing for it? Here's a report on the public school desegregation program adopted at the recent NAACP convention in Chicago. By RUSSELL LANE ' CHICAGO (AP)-A stepped-up drive for greater racial integration In public schools—North and South-^is being prepared by Negro groups in cities throughout the country. The blueprint was adopted at the convention of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in Chicago last week. Roy Wilkins, NAACP executive secretary, told the meeting that such a drive is being pressed in 70 cities in 15 Northern states. In the South, other phases of the broad desegregation movement are more pressing and immediately productive as a rule, delegates were told. Branches and state conferences of the NAACP were urged to "mount a vigorous effort accelerating the pace of school desegregation everywhere." Wilkins said that historic steps to eliminate racial imbalance and segregation have been taken in New York, New Jersey and California, and court victories are being won, district by district, in other states. But, he said, "until our demand for more sweeping effort by government is met, our children will be cheated of their futures." Why is it important from the Negro viewpoint? Dr. Annabelle Carey Prescott, a veteran Negro teacher, principal and humans relations director in Chicago's public school system, says, "encapsulated schooling of youngsters is not a sound preparation for life, We must come, and quickly, to a situation in which all young people can meet and learn to associate in their formative years." In its program adopted at Chicago, the NAACP said that segregated schools "are psychologically and educationally harmful to all children, Negro and white." The convention directed local chapters to ( continue picketing, boycotts, sit-ins, and other peaceful mass demonstrations "if state directives for desegregation are not quickly implemented on a local level." A coordinated drive closely related to school desegregation was aimed at integration of housing. "De facto segregation in public education can no longer be accepted or excused as the inevitable result of segregated housing," the resolution said. The objectives were spelled out thus: —To change those practices contributing significantly to de facto segregation and all other discriminatory education practices. —To urge adoption of rezoning, including steps on the lines of the Princeton. plan in which assignment of pupils is made by grades to schools combined in a single attendance area, reorganizing the use of schools, changing feeder plans of elementary to secondary schools, and other effective desegregation plans. " , —To support open enrollment except where other plans can be used to-achieve greater desegregation. ; • —To locate new schools on sites offering maximum desegregation and to insure that other school expansion plans provide desegregation. 1 —To oppose mobile or portable units which extend segregation. —To oppose and change the neighborhood school policy when­ ever its misuse results in segregated schools. . —To urge assignment of children from overcrowded to underutilized schools; the Princeton plan for large groups of schools in adjacent segregated, integrated and white areas, and location of new secondary schools outside segregated areas. Target Shooter Is Injured at Allendale Mine TOULON — Two accidents Saturday night in Stark County sent one boy to the hospital with a gunshot wound and left an auto almost totally destroyed. Charles (Chuck) Davis was on duty as night watchman at Allendale Coal Mine just north of Wyoming and had been target practicing. When he started to return the gun to the holster, it discharged and the bullet entered his thigh just below the hip and came out just above the knee. He was taken to Kewanee Public Hospital. Sheriff Burt Eltzroth investigated. Marshall Vincent was driving west on East Jefferson and his car door came open and in trying to close it. he lost control of his machine and struck the culvert just west of the Carl McMullen home. The car broke off some of the culvert and went into the small slough. Vincent received a few small cuts which were treated at the scene. The car was badly damaged, according to the report by Sheriff Eltzroth. Piggyback, or truck-trailer-on- flatcar traffic this year is running 14 per cent above that of 1962 and double the 1959 level. Railroad officials estimate more than two million truck-trailer loads will move by rail during 1963. No Hidden Charges Completely Processed DON'T BE SATISIED • . . WlfH LESS THAN THE BEST! Western 456 East South St. Zero Locker Dial 343*2161 Civil rights protest marches and demonstrations—or the threat of them—speeded the desegregation progress in such cities as BlrffiiflgTiam, Ala., and Greensboro, N.C. tn Atlanta, about 50 restaurants—most of them in the downtown area—agreed secretly to begin serving Negroes without a public announcement of the names of the restaurants. Segregationist pickets began turning up a few days later at several restaurants but the owners said there had been n6 significant decline in business. Holds Out Only in Mississippi was rigid segregation maintained in public facilities throughout the state. A federal court order to abolish the segregated restaurant at the Jackson Municipal Airport resulted in "standup integration." Seats were removed and customers must stand at a counter for service. The quiet desegregation was not confined to movies, restaurants and hotels. In Atlanta, the local chapter of Alcoholics Anonymous announced that membership was open to both races. A UPI survey disclosed this recent desegregation in the South: Alabama: Birmingham,, scene of violent racial clashes this spring, removed white and Negro signs from restrooms and water fountains at downtown stores. Five stores plan to desegregate lunch counters in August. Lunch counters in Huntsville serve both races. Those in Mobile have done so for months. Arkansas: Four downtown hotels, one restaurant and motion picture theaters in Little Rock and theaters in Pine Bluff were desegregated. Signs removed from the restrooms at the state Capitol at Little Rock. Florida: Twenty-seven restau­ rants and 29 motels and hotels in Orlando "voluntarily and peacefully opened their doors to serve all citizens," Mayor Robert S. Carr announced. Georgia: Atlanta desegregated downtown restaurants, hotels and public swimming pools. Rome, Valdosta, Tifton and Savannah opened public libraries to both races. Brunswick and Columbus integrated lunch counters. Macon voluntarily desegregated city parks and courthouse and city hall restrooms. Macon lunch counters and the public library were integrated last year. Louisiana: Baton Rouge, integrated facilities such as lunch counters and restrooms in the Municipal Building and the East Baton Rouge Parish (county) Courthouse. Rigid public facility segregation maintained in the rest of the state, including New Orleans. Mississippi: No desegregation of public facilities reported. North Carolina: Hotels, motels and restaurants began accepting Negroes for the first time in Raleigh, Kinston, Charlotte, Greens* boro and Winston-Salem. City swimming pools at Durham were desegregated. South Carolina: Variety store lunch counters in Greenville, Spartanburg, Charleston and Rock Hill serve both whites and Negroes. Columbia lunch counters have followed the policy for months. Tennessee: Downtown Nashville restaurants, motels and hotels desegregated after racial demonstrations. All restaurants, theaters and public parks in Clarksdale did the same. Negotiations were begun to abolish Jegttgi* tion at theaters in Chattarwdga where Negroes have quietly beetl using the city golf courses. Downtown Memphis theaters quietly desegregated. Tctasi Houston voluntarily integrated its swimming pools; most restaurants in Amarillo now serve Negroes and nine motels in the city accepted delegates to a Negro Elks convention. Eating places in many Texas cities integrated. Virginia: Thirty-five to 40 restaurants in Richmond and motion picture theaters in Alexandria and Arlington and a dozen or so in Richmond, Norfolk and Portsmouth abolished segregated seating. Qalesburg Register-Mail GALESBURG, ILL., TUESDAY, JULY 9, 1963 SEC. 2 PAGE 17 'How'ditgo?" Not 8L SpGCJ£ When your livelihood depends on your car... you don't take chances. 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