Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on May 28, 1974 · Page 12
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 12

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Carroll, Iowa
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Tuesday, May 28, 1974
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Page 12
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A Look at Iowa Farms: How They're Changing andWhat the Future Holds D •» ¥ rt »*• ft£n***«n** * >. . > t_ ____• 111 __l__*_ii. r..i.. * *•*• i . ^^~™*^ ^•* — ""^ > By Lari Manner (Drake I'piversity Journalism Studcntl DES MOINES - Farm experts say the current decline in the number of Iowa farms, coupled with increasing average farm size, may have major implications for the future of Iowa farming. Traditionally, the Iowa farm has been small, family-run and numerous. Since the 1930's. however, the farms have become progressively larger while their numbers have declined. The number of farms in Iowa dropped from 183.000 in 1960 to 139.000 in 1973. while the average farm size rose from 190 acres to 247 acres, according to U.S. Department of Agriculture statistics. Several explanations are given for these changes. Glee Mulder, director of market development for the Iowa Farm Bureau, says. "Inflationary pressures are causing the growth. It must become a more difficult unit to survive." Roy Stoll. a cattle raiser in Bondurant. says it is the investment needed to begin farming which is pushing farmers toward fewer, larger farms. Stoll says, "The investment needed is something fierce, a young person, unless he inherits a farm and equipment, has no way to starting in farming." (The Iowa Farm Bureau describes the "typical" Iowa farmer as being 48.5 years old, with more than $200,000 invested in 250 acres, from which he nets $16,500 annually.) Mulder agrees that the investment required does discourage young people from entering farming, since many young people can get similar pay at conventional jobs without the "drastic ups and downs" associated with farming. Wesley Buchele, a professor of agricultural engineering at Iowa State University (ISU), says the failure of young people to return to the farms is partly responsible for the decline in the number of farms in Iowa. Buchele feels it isn't the money alone that convinces young people with farm backgrounds to opt for city-life. "We educate these kids off the farm," he says. Buchele questions if a young person who gets an advanced degree will be content to return to the farm. "You can't go home again," he says. However, Buchele feels the major force in the movement towards larger farms is machinery. Buchele says, "Farmers farm as the machinery allows." To repay the increased investment in Astrology Wednesday, May 29 1974 Bernice Bede OSD ARIES (March 21-April 19) You will start off like a ball of fire today where work is concerned, but other interests will siphon off much of your steam. TAURUS (April 20-May 20) It is still in your best interest to continue to be cautious with your money, particularly if doing business with strangers. GEMINI (May 21-June 20) An outsider will try to poke her nose into your family affairs today. The trouble is, you may be misguided by the advice. CANCER (June 21-July 22) You have in mind a well- thought-out way to handle a problem. Unfortunately, it's not likely you'll follow through on your plans. LEO (July 23-Aug. 22) Funds you've earmarked to meet specific obligations are going to be used for more frivolous things instead. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22) Something you'll be doing with friends today will be tarnished by one in the group even larger machinery, the farmer is forced to work the maximum land the machinery can handle. Buchele says. The same forces pushing toward larger farms are resulting in the growth of corporations, says Mulder. Farm Bureau statistics state less than 2 per cent of Iowa farms are incorporated, and that the vast majority of these corporation farms, although large, are still primarily family-run operations. Mulder says growing farm size and tax laws make coporation farms more economical. Doug Dashner. executive administrator for the Iowa Development Commission, said he feels present statistics on incorporated farms are incomplete. Dashner says a bill to require all corporations to register was considered by the Iowa Legislature this year, but not passed. Although Mulder calls the role of corporation farms in Iowa "minimal." Dashner says the commission gets calls everyday from farmers expressing concern over corporation farms, especially those owned by out-of-state and foreign corporations. Two questions that arise over the growth in farm size and the declining numbers are. ''Will the trends continue?" and "Are these trends that lowans want?" Roger Fisher, director of the agricultural division of the Iowa Development Commission, says the high cost of farm land will eventually restrict the growth of farm size, after most farms attain an "optimum" size. Earl Heady, director of the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development at ISU. disagrees. He says that farms will continue to grow, to 1.800 acres or even larger, because of the advantages of large farms to farmers in tax benefits, increased efficiency in using machinery and benefits from full-time managers such as lawyers and accountants. Buchele says the growth will continue until farmers get off "the treadmill of change" of technological escalation. Moreover, farms will continue to expand because farmers realize they can farm adjacent land more profitably than anyone else by maximizing the use of their machinery, he says. The Iowa 2000 program is one attempt to answer the second question: "Are these trends that lowans want?" Conference coordinator Dennis Nagel says the program aims to give lowans the chance to direct the path who doesn't quite fit in. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 23) You're not likely to get as much co-operation from authority figures today as you'll need, unless you do a real sales job. SCORPIO (Oct. 24-Nov. 22) You'll be putting yourself out for others far more than they'll be extending themselves for you. To top it off, your efforts won't be appreciated. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 23-Dec. 21) Try your best today without expecting others to praise you. They won't. Do it for personal satisfaction. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19) Someone you're trying very hard to please is still indifferent to your efforts. Don't lose heart. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 19) In a situation where you share an interest you have no right to expect the other guy to be more generous than you would be with him. PISCES (Feb. 20-March 20) Something you're very enthusiastic about isn't everything you'd like to believe it is. Stand back and take another look. YOUR BIRTHDAY May 29, 1974 This year something very interesting that will spell extra money will happen to you through someone you're related to. Be good to your kinfolk. Iowa will take in the future. Regional meetings have been held across the state. Farmers, students and agricultural specialists have discussed the future of Iowa farms at some of the meetings, Nagel says. One measure of the benefits of large farms versus small farms is the difference in profits and to whom the profits go- Heady and Steven Sonka, a research associate in economics at ISU. have written an article entitled. ''Farm Size. Rural Community Income and Consumer Welfare." They concluded in the study that small farms mean greater income for rural communities because of the great employment needs generated. They conclude that this increase in income for rural communities would "come at a relatively modest cost to the consumer in higher food costs." While a structure of small farms would aid rural communities and not have an OPEN Wed. & Friday till 9 P.M. Sunday 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. flPPLIflnCECEniER Carroll Phone 792-2525-Lake City Phone 464-3281 adverse affect on consumers, it would place a "greater burden" on the families operating the farms, and Heady say. Heady says large farms become more profitable to farmers the more they grow, but farms larger than 600 acres do not mean proportionally decreased food costs to consumers. Sonka and Heady conclude that medium farms, "would be more compatible with adequate farm family income, generation of nonfarm rural income and reasonable consumer food costs." Buchele agrees that a reversal of the current trend toward large farms would mean only slightly higher food prices. Even these costs, Buchele says, might be offset by decreases in income tax, since greater farm employment would mean Even more important than the economic disadvantages Buchele sees in large farms are the social costs. Buchele Times Herald, Carroll, la. Tuesday, May 28, 1974 12 the small producer. Currently, Mulder says tax laws for ,,.„« .uesaay.may^, ,v,« • M. corporation farms do not bonKa allow small farms to compete says Iowa "lost a lot when farming became a business, not a way of life." Buchele says the move to big business farming has meant a reduction in the quality of life. Stoll. who raises cattle on 900 acres, 340 of which he owns, says he hates to see the decline of small farms because "small farming used to mean being your own boss, on your own time. You did what you saw had to be done. There was a freedom to it. It meant fresh air, not rubbing elbows." Those who agree that small farms should continue to be the structure of farming in Iowa disagree on methods to reach that goal. Mulder says individual farmers and cooperatives will be vital in determining the nature of Iowa farms in the future. Mulder believes that for small farms to survive, tax laws must be changed to encourage on an equal basis. Heady says the maintaining key to rural communities and small farms is for the governmental action encouraging industry to settle in rural areas. At the state level, Heady, Mulder, and Buchele agree that no long-range plan exists for dealing with the decline of small farms. Mulder says a long-range plan is needed because Iowa agriculture has been "going from crisis to crisis for too long." He hopes the Iowa 2000 program and more coordinated efforts by those involved in agriculture will spark interest in such a plan. Mrs. Mason Postmaster at Westside Mrs. Sherry M. Mason has been installed as postmaster of the Westside post office effective Saturday. The oath of office was administered by Wayne I,. Daniels, sectional center postmaster, at 11:15 a.m.. Friday. Mrs. Mason has been employed as a parttime flexible clerk at the Westside post office since Aug. 1970. Postmaster selections are made by Postmaster Selection Boards. Selections are made on a ineiii basis. and non-political Mrs. Mason is the wife of Robert Mason. They are the parents of five children. They have resided at Westside for the past 16 years. Old-Fashionetl Dinner, Styles Given by Club MANNING — Wa-Tan-Ye members began their May 13 meeting with a "country kitchen" style dinner at the home of Beverly Mitchell, with .everyone dressed as Grandma or Grandpa. A prize for the most unique costume was awarded to Elsie Frahm. Following the dinner, they enjoyed a musical contest with Betty Brotherton as grand prize winner. A routine business meeting was held with discussion on starting a new chapter in another town. This meeting summed up the activities of the Wa-Tan-Ye until September. PRENGER FURNITURE SAVE 20% % AND MORE ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^m living rooms VELVET SOFA AND CHAIR Green and gold pattern MATELASSE QUILTED SOFA Gold and green nylon cover BROYHILL TRADITIONAL SOFA Multi-color floral tapestry FLEXSTEEL SOFA Nylon floral velvet cover ITALIAN PROVINCIAL LOVE SEAT Gold crushed velvet cover SPANISH QUILTED SOFA Red and black crushed velvet SOFA and MR. & MRS. CHAIRS Spanish style. Green and gold nylon EARLY AMERICAN SOFA Plaid green and gold cover MODERN SOFA Brown and black fur cover FLEXSTEEL TRADITIONAL SOFA Beige and rust quilted velvet cover. . VELVET PRINT HIGH BACK SOFA MODERN SOFA Herculon stripe cover 72" PROVINCIAL SOFA Off white, blue and green velvet pattern. REGULAR $569.00 SALE $39999 $359.95 $222°° $499.95 *388°° $489.95 *399°° $259.95 $199 88 $599.95 *399°° $549.95 *399°° $499.95 *349 88 $299.95 $199°° $499.00 *399 88 $530.00 $399°° $299.95 $ 199 95 $599.95 !/2 Price on bedrooms SPANISH BEDROOM SUITE Triple dresser, mirror, chest and headboard SALE $| 9988 $319.00 BROYHILL MEDITERRANEAN BEDROOM SUITE Door style triple dresser $599.95 mirror, door chest of drawers, headboard MODERN BEDROOM SUITE Walnut double dresser, mir ror. chest, headboard $329.95 (Triple dresser $20.00 extra) WALNUT or MAPLE BEDROOM SUITE Double dresser, mirror, chest, headboard MAPLE 3/3 BED Complete with bunkie, mat tress and platform 88 v tally priced CHAIKS LA.Z-BOY RECLINER Pop Up RECLINER CHAIRS By Barcolounger Beg. $519.95 SALE SWIVEL ROCKERS hy PMIIII.II Avnimli. mill i|..lil*eg. $119.95 HIGH BACK SWIVEL ROCKER ROCKERS at*129 88 $14988 $7/00 SALE By Faihionoire. r,,....,, ,,,,!,i. M 100% nylon cover. .1 Reg $199.95 EARLY AMERICAN SWIVEL ROCKERS M.I|,!M I,,,, Reg. $219.95 SALE $14988 *157 88 MAPLE CRICKETT ROCKERS Reg. $69.95 SALE 99 CHAIR and OTTOMAN By American of Martinwillle. Hi..*" Reg. $239.95 SALE at it *39 $9900 Orthotonic Lady Jane MATTRESS or box spring Reg. $79.95 SALE *55°° Miracle Posture by Simmons MATTRESS SET Queen Siie Reg. $229.00 SALE H69°E WALNUT or MAPLE CHEST 4 drawer WALNUT or MAPLE CHEST 5 drawer SPECIAL DISCOUNTS OF ALL THOMASVILLE BEDROOM SUITES $349 $21 988 $19900 $199 95 $69°° $7900 on dinettes 7-Pe. SPANISH OAK DINETTE SET «GULAR Plcistit top table, 6 chairs with black seats $329.95 5-Pc. DAYSTROM PROVINICIAL DINETTE SET In willow green Table and four chairs. 5-Pc. PEDESTAL DINETTE SET 5-Pc. DAYSTROM DINETTE 5-Pc. DINETTE SET $199.95 $299.95 $199.95 $149.95 $247°°t $14988. 5-Pc. MAPLE DINETTE SET 42 round plastic top table with males chairs ........... four 5-Pc. PEDESTAL STYLE DINETTE SET •Ifi (]l,l-s tor MOti ,|MCl louf st\ivfl tfl,lir<, 5-Pc. PARTY & DINETTE SET ".no My pin.' 48 found PMSIK top table four cap $219.95 $399.95 $449.95 RUBBER BACK SHAG CARPET 100 nylon. Bronze-gold. Ideal for those extra rooms. 'I iir it yoursHti Regular $5.95 SCULPTURED SHAG CARPET 100".. nylon Autumn Beige Flossa Beige Brown Fiesta Orange Sunset Rust Golden Straw Regular $10.95 HI-LO LOOP CARPET 100'V nylon. Two-tone green . CANDY STRIPE CARPET 100"i. nylon REGULAR $6.95 $5.95 SALE GOLD TWEED SHAG CARPET 100".-nylon- $8.95 GREEN TWEED SHAG CARPET . 100% nylon $8.95 BRONZE-GOLD CARPET 100% nylon ...'. $8.95 GREEN-GOLD CARPET Super thick foam back. $7.95 tl.lv IMis onr yllufM'lll ALL KINDS OF END TABLES COFFEE TABLES Many styles to choose from. Values to $99.95 SALE ROOM DIVIDER 60" Mediterranean style. Reg. $169.00 SALE $ggoo STUDENT DESK Solid Maple. Reg. $179.95 $11088 SALE I I O ROLL TOP DESK Solid maple. Reg. $159.95 SALE $1 ogoo PRENGER rURNITURE OPEN WEDNESDAY & FRIDAY TILL 9

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