70 Cotnmunltiea Fair, Mild Tonight Cloudy, Warm Thursday Low Tdnight 5$40 High Thursday TO's VOLUME LXXXII — 92 GALESBURG, ILL 61401 — WEDNESDAY, APRIL 18, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS Army Aides Hinderfaxpayer f WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Oeneraf Accounting Otice (GAO) said today the use of enlisted men to cook, tend bar, care for pets and clean house for admirals, generals aiid Navy captains costs the taxpayers $22 million a year. Sen. William Proxmire, D- Wis., released a GAO report on an investigation of the use of enlisted aides and promised an effort "to outlaw this wasteful and demeaning practice." The GAO said it had surveyed 23 per cent of the 1,722 men now serving as personal aides to officers and found that: —75 per cent of aides in the Army, 49 per cent in the Navy, U. S., Europe Disagree Over U.N. Censure UNITED NATIONS (UPI) The Western powers were rei)orted split today on a resolution amounting to partial sanctions against Israel for last week's commando raid on guerrilla centers in Beirut. Diplomatic sources said Britain and France privately expressed approval of an Arab- supported resolution that^Avould "call upon all states to refrain from providing any assistance which would facilitate such military attacks or impede the search for a peaceful settlement." The resolution being circulated among delegates as the Security Council went into its fifth daiyipf:^ debate! on the Israeli April 10 operation also would condemn Israel's action, call upon the Jewish state to desist from such activities and warn that their repetition would bring council consideration of sterner measures to end them. U.S. Ambassador John A. Scali, who earlier said the United Nations must condemn Arab terrorism as well as the conmiando raid on Beirut and other Lebanese cities, stood firmly opposed to the projected resolution. Diplomats hinted quietly that Scali would not hesitate to use his veto to block its adoption. Scali's statement, later echoed by British Ambassador Sir Colin Crowe, came as the Arab nations worked out a-resolution to place before the council condemning Israel for the commando raid last week. The debate on the subject, requested by Lebanon, entered its fifth day today. |I8 per cent in the Air Force and 16 per cent of the Marhtes said they regularly 'Washed their superior 's private automobiles. " —53 per cent of Army aides, 39 per cent of the Navy men, 32 per cent of the Air f^rce aides and 26 per cent of th^ Marines said they cared for officers' pets. -Nearly all th ^aWes said their duties includedl? bartend* lAg^ grocery shoppifi|, cleaning quarters and gardening. Six per cent of these interviewed said they at times were babysitters, 28 per cent said they chauffeured officers' children and 22 per cent said they did laundry. The President Was Pleased WASHINGTON (UPI) - With President Nixon leading the applause, singer Frank Sinatra came out of retire-' ment Tuesday night to entertain at the White House and left his audience cheering and shouting bravo. Nixon, who stood up to lead the enthusiastic response himself, said that while many talented persons had entertained at the White House, "once in a while there is magic in a room and a great performer is able to capture the room'-Frank Sinatra has done that and we thank him." Shiatra performed at a black-tie dinner and evem'^ng of entertainment hi honor of Prime Minister ad Mrs. Giulio Andreotti of Italy. Among other guests were Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, a close friend of Sinatra's; former ambassador to Italy Clare Booth Luce, and national security affairs advisier Dr. Henry A. Kissinger. But aside from Kissinger and a few Oabuiet members, no members of Nixon's White House staff were present— a departure from past practice. Press coverage was extensive for the dinner with some 20 reporters requesting credentials. But absent from that group was Washington Post columnist Maxine Cheshire, who was on the receiving end of obscenities shouted at her by Sinatra during a confrontation at an Inaugural gathering laist January. Nixon seemed to go out of his way to assure Sinah-a he was welcome at the White House, at one point saying "this house is honored to have you here." Among Sinatra's selection were "What Is America to me," "I've Got You Under My Skin" and "I've Got the World on a String." Gil Tariffs Lifted To Fend Off Crisis WASHINGTO N(UPI)President Nixon today suspend ed all oil import quotas and lifted tariffs on oil in an effort to meet an "energy challenge" that he said threatens to blossom into an "energy crisis." Nixon also called for elimination of price regulations on newly discovered natural gas, a step he said would increase the cost to industry and the consumer but would encourage development of new supplies, of the nation's cleanest fuel. "In the years immediately ahead, we must face up to the possibility of occasional energy shortages and some increases in energy prices," Nixon said in a 19-page message to Congress. "Clearly we are facing a vitally important energy challenge,'^ he said. "If present trends continue unchecked, we could face a genume- energy crisis." Nixon proposed substituting a fee of 0.5 cent per gallon for crude oil and up to 1.5 cents a gallon for refined products to replace existing quota restrictions on unported oil. But he said holders of existing quota licenses would be permitted to import oil up to their quotas this year without paying the fee. They then could import additional oil by paying the fee. He also eliminated all existing tariffs on imported petroleum. '• He also said existing tax breaks for oil firms, such as depletion allowance and deduc- Where to Find It 4 SECTIONS Abingdon - 16 Amusement 6 BushncU -— 7 Classified Ads ..36-37-38-39 Comics-Radio 18 Editorial 4 Food Secflon .... 21-32 Galva 7 40 PAGES Hospital Notes 35 Knoxville 16 Markets 40 Monmouth 28 Obituary 11 Sports 33-34 Weather 2 Women in the News 13-14-lS tions for some drilling expenses, must be retained. In his long-awaited message outlining ways for copmg with the nation's energy needs, Nixon said some compromises on environmental standards Iwere needed to keep the costs of energy at reasonable levels. To stimulate domestic production, Nixon proposed extension of the investment tax credit to exploratory oil drilling. He said the credit would (Continued on Page 11) ate Shadows Aides Electric Car Detroit inventor Robert Aronson plans to put his patented 4-passenger electric car on the assembly line next fall to fill over 1,000 Orders already on the books. Aronson feels that in 10 years,,half the cars in the U. S. will run on.electricity. His X-144 Electricar, a $3,950 sedan with an AM Gremlin body is powered by a lead cobalt battery which costs only one cent per mile to run. Widespread use of the car would solve much of the pollution problem in large cities because it has no motor emissions, Aronson says. UNIFAX Nixon Powers To Control Wages, Extended Costs Oil Act Backed WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Supreme Court ruled unanimously today that states may override federal maritime law and enact strict regulations to deal with offshore oil spills. In an opinion by Justice William 0. Douglas, the Court reversed a 1971 ruling by a special three - judge federal court in Jacksonville, which invalidated Florida's "Oil Spill Prevention Act." The Florida law provides for recovery by the state of cleanup costs and imposes strict, no-fault liability on waterfront oilhandling facilities and ships using them for any oil spill damage to the state or private individuals. WASHINGTON (UPI) President Nixon has won most of his battle for congressional extension of his powers to control wages and prices. But it remains to be seen just how he will use those powers. A House-Senate conference committee agreed Tuesday to extend the President's wage- price control powers for one year beyond their April 30 expiration. There were still some hitches to be resolved before Congress as a whole passes the extension. Treasury Secretary George P. Shultz told reporters Tues- this week, Shultz said, "I don't want to make any headlines. I pass." Other Treasury officials have indicated privately that some modification of the existing, largely v o 1 u n t a ry wage-price guidelines may be in the offing. Shultz' answer did not rule this out. The bill extending the President's control powers was approved by the conference conimittee Tuesday minus a Senate-passed provision which would have put rents under partial control. The provision would have^ allowed rents in day that "a general across-the-ni^t^opo"tan areas with vacan- board wage-price freeze is not fy r^tes of 5.5 per cen or less under active consideration by the President as far as I know." But when asked whether the administration would announce any new anti-inflation measures to rise only 2.5 per cent a year plus tax, cost increases and capital improvements. The measure died through a fluke hivolving a proxy. Rep. Parren Mitchell, D-Md., verbal ly had given House Banking Committee chairman Wright Patman, D-Tex., his proxy vote in favor of the rent provision. But the proxy was successfully challenged because it was not in writing. Patman and other Democrats tried to find Mitchell, but an aide said he had left town. The remaining conferees — eight Democrats and six Republicans—then defeated the rent provision by a 77 tie vote. Republicans on the conference committee ended up voting against the whole bill because of four amendments they did not like. They have vowed to defeat the bill in its present form when it reaches the House and Senate floors, possibly not until April 30. Congress goes into its Easter recess today. MARTHA TALKS - Martha Mitchell, shown in file photo, fears she would be "killed tomorrow" if she told all she knows about the Watergate bugging case. In a telephone interview Tuesday with reporters, she said "I'm not kidding, I fear for my life." She said she had "so much to tell" but "I'm afraid I'd be killed tomorrow." Mrs. Mitchell said she had threats agauist her life "even this afternoon." She would not elaborate. WASHINGTON (UPI) - A source close to the Senate investigation of the Watergate bugging case said today he expects new indictments of White House aides in the wake of President Nixon's disclosure of "major developments." The source, in a position to know the thinking of the Senate Watergate conmiittee, echoed what White House Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler strongly hinted after Nixon's statement. Nixon said that he had begun a personal investigation of the Watergate case and would fire anyone in the government who is guilty. "I condemn any attempts to cover up in this case, no matter who is involved," Nixon said in a three-minute statement to reporters Tuesday. The statement came on the eve of the congressional Easter recess April 18-25, and gave members of Congress who have been demanding that Nixon take action in the case something to tell constituents. Sen. Joseph M. Montoya, D- N.M., said in a statement today that he will urge Nixon to open the FBI's Watergate files to all committee members. Until now, the files have been available only to the chairman and vice ciiairman and two counsels of the seven-member committee. During the confirmation hearings of acting FBI Director L. Patrick Gray III, Gray testified that he gave about 80 raw files in the case to White House Counsel John W. Dean III, who conducted an investigation last summer at Nixon's request. "I am very pleased that President Nixon has made it possible for us to get to the bottom of the Watergate Isituation." Nixon ordered all White House aides to testify before a Senate investigating committee and took out of their hands any further investigation of the lJune 17 bugging of the Democratic national headquarters. Several past and present members of the White House staff and the Committee to Re elect the President have been Imentioned in connection with the bugging as well as other alleged acts of political espionage and sabotage during the 1972 presidential campaign. After months of declaring full faith in his staff and saying he would not permit their testimony before the Senate committee, Nixon finally spoke amid a flurry of criticism from within his own party and press reports that other White House aides were involved. "If any person in the executive branch or in the government is indicted by the grand jury, my policy will be to immediately suspend him. If he is convicted, he will, of course, be automatically discharged," Nixon said. Bugging Settlement Offered WASHINGTO N(UPI)President Nixon's campaign organization, apparently anxious to avoid a summer rerun of the Watergate trial, has offered a $525,000 out-of-court settlement to the Democratic party for the bugging of its offices last year, sources said today. If accepted, the reported settlement would put the Nixon campaign in the unique—if uncomfortable—position of helping to underwrite the Democratic multimillion-dollar debt with contributions from GOP faithful. It would also write an end to the $6.4 million civil damage suit the Democratic National Conimittee slapped on the Committee for the Re-Election of the President shortly after the Watergate break-in last June 17 before it could come to trial. The trial was expected to begin in June, involving many of the same witnesses from the Nixon campaign who figured in the January criminal trial of the seven men mdicted for the Watergate raid. Cambodia Prexy Tries to Bring Opposition Into Fold PHNOM PENH (UPI) Cambodian President Lon Nol held round the clock negotiations today with opposition Cambodian politicians in a move to bring them into his government. The United States has urged such a step as necessary to any possible cease-fire talks. Cambodia is the only country in Indochina without a formal cease-fire, and there was no sign of a letup in fighting or U.S. bombing in the country. Despite 42 consecutive days of massive American bombing the rebels have shown no sign of diminishing their offensive actions. Western diplomats and prominent Cambodian politicians said Lon Nol's decision to expand his government was made after President Nixon's envoy, Gen. Alexander Haig, exerted strong pressure on the ailing president to include members of the loyal opposi tion, includuig Sirik Matak, in the government. The negotiations, being held jin the Presidential Palace, began shortly after Lon Nol Tuesday night announced the retirement' of Premier Hang Thun Hak and the other 14 members of his cabinet. Sirik Matak, a longtime friend of Lon Nol's and former deputy Prime Minister, is a favorite of the U.S. embassy here because of his efficiency. He has been out of fayor with Lon Nol for the past two months. Sources within the Presidential Palace said the negotiations include the popular In Tam, m addition to .Sirik Matak, and leaders of both the Democratic and Republican parties. Cambodia is in the throes of its worst economic and military crisis as a result of the current Communist offensive, and most western diplomats welcomed Lon Nol's announcement of a cabinet reshuffle. "I only hope that this time he is sincere in asking for the collaboration of the other parties," said one high-ranking diplomat. Political leaders said they believed Lon Nol's appeal was directed at former Deputy Premier Sisowath Sirik Matak and the popular leader of the opposition Democratic party, In Tam. Both have refused repeatedly to join the government unless Lon Nol relinquishes some of his all-encompassing powers and defined theu- powers and responsibhities. Only hours before Lon Nol siioke, Communist troops launched three simultaneous attacks in the southern portion of the country despite the 41st consecutive day of raids by U.S. B52 bombers and jet fighter-bombers. About 1,500 Communists overran the central market place at Tran Khnar while others stormed the resort and fishing town of Kep and mounted a fierce ground probe agamst the besieged provmcial capital of Takeo. Field reports said government defenders at Tran Khnar, 25 miles south of Phnom Penh, engaged the Communists in hand-to-hand combat but casualty reports were not available. The reports said U.S. bom.b- ing was confined to the outskirts of the market town because of the presence of government troops fighting inside Tran Khnar.
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