Role of Iowa Sheriffs Changing, But Many Aspects Slav the Same (DrakeUnlversltyJournallsmStudcnti lau/onf^ * _,,._. . */ By Kathryn Graf DES MOINES — "In a small town, when something goes wrong, people automatically call the sheriff," said Sheriff John Stark of Story County. "One woman calls me up to ask me to get her husband home from the tavern." Sheriff John T. Wright of Dallas County said, shaking his head. "Yes, in our work, there's more little stuff than big stuff," Sheriff Gerald D. Allen of Cerro Gordo County said. "That's because sheriffs have a tradition of staying close to their people." he added. County sheriffs are the oldest constitutional officers in the United States. In Iowa, sheriffs became an organized force through territorial provisions in 1838, eight years before Iowa became a state. The first Code of Iowa, which was drafted in 1851. established sheriffs as a matter of legal formality, the legislators already recognizing the well-developed, 13-year-old law enforcement system. Today, many sheriffs speak of changing needs in county law enforcement. Several sheriffs have contracted with small towns to provide patrol protection, while others are discovering the advantages of making mutual agreements with other counties in the event of a natural disaster. Among their many concerns, sheriffs want the state legislature to grant county compensation boards the power to determine salaries. Iowa's county law enforcement operation employs 99 elected county sheriffs who work with more than 500 deputies. Many aspects of the county law enforcement system are the same today as they were in 1838. There are still cattle rustlers to catch, warrants to serve, and street brawls to break up. Sheriffs still wear star-shaped badges and drunkards still land in county jails. "Sheriffs have always stayed close to the people, even if it is just to catch a whiff of political winds." Allen continued. "I bet I turn my collar around at least once a week." Stark said with a smile. "You'd be surprised to see my Christmas cards." he added. "I get some from former prisoners!" The organizational set-up of county law enforcement presents problems to some sheriffs. Each county decides how many deputies it wants to fund, depending on the county millage rate and population. Twelve county sheriffs have only one deputy, 32 sheriffs have two deputies, and 19 have three deputies. Thus. 63 sheriffs — two-thirds of the sheriffs in Iowa — have 133 of the 572 deputies with two-thirds of the state under their jurisdiction. The heavily populated counties have the balance of deputies, totaling 439 men. "Eventually. I think the state will have to move towards district sheriffs, because many counties currently can't afford enough deputies to protect them." commented Rep. Donald V. Doyle, D-Sioux City. He believes that county law enforcement will need to move to a system similar to one used by the Highway Patrol, where deputies would live in different parts of the district, rather than the county seat town. "Sioux City is starting a system like that." Rep. Doyle continued, "where any new deputy must live outside the city. It is a futuristic idea to improve patrol coverage." However. Sheriff Duane Payne from Franklin County disagrees. "I don't think people will ever want to go into districting of county law enforcement; eventually, we could end up with a police state. County loyalties are too strong, and we would lose the personal touch with people. Besides, people like to keep their It Can't Be Too Good By NK.VUmdon K The world's food supply depends on the great plains of North America which provides 60 per cent of the world's trade in wheat and most of its animal feed. Encouraged by the promise of high prices America's farmers are rushing to plant 6 per cent more land than last year. A total of 340 million acres could be under the plow in the United States, the highest for 18 years. By October 76 million tons of wheat may have been harvested in America and Canada. 40 million of which will be available either for export or stockpiling. Even a' crop of this size, however, is unlikely to bring prices down. Anything below these expectations could trigger off new price increases. The important animal feed grain crop is also expected to be good. American production should be up 15 per cent this year to about 213 million tons, jump of 25 per cent. Plantings in the United States will be 5 'onomist News Service percent less. The soybean price of $6 a bushel is still extremely high, although at one time the price hit $11. American farmers are clearly not reckoning on any further drop and. waiting for better prices, have hung on to 6.6 million tons of stocks from last year. Production this year could touch 4.2 million tons, one- third of which would be exported, earning America S3.5 billion at present prices. So soybeans will remain the country's largest single foreign currency earner. The American monopoly of the soybean is not likely to last out the decade. At present the soybean, which is very sensitive to the length of daylight,can only be grown in a relatively narrow band of land that runs across the United States. But new genetic variations are being bred that will allow the bean to grow farther to the north in Canada and Europe and southern climates like Australia. Brazil is already expanding its crop rapidly. He's Easier To Shop For When You SIZE HIM UP Use The Spaces Below To Size Hi Up Under Shirt Suit Size Sport Shirt Belt Size Size Hat Size Shirt Size Slack Size Undershorts Sock Size NOCKELS CLOTHIERS Shoe Size Sport Coat Size We thought you would like the above guide for your Father's Day Shopping. Knowing his correct sizes will help NOCKELS help you select the right gift for him. Come in soon while the selection is good, won't you? "The Fashion Store' 9 fingers tight on their purse strings," he commented. Efforts have been made by sheriffs to work on a more cooperative level. A mutual aid bill, which passed the legislature last year.allows county law enforcement officers to serve in an official capacity in another county upon request. "I have an unwritten agreement with Sheriff Robert D. Callaway of Hardin County so that if there is a disaster, I can call him to Times Herald, Carroll, la. -^ Tuesday, May 28, 1974 V come help." Payne explained. Before the mutual aid bill ruling, sheriffs ;md deputies could only serve in an official capacity within their own county borders. Rural patrol and night patrol have been increased throughout the state, following a wave of rural crimes, especially farm burglaries, larcenies and cattle rustling. "In 197.3, 200 head of cattle were rustled in my county alone," Payne said. His staff includes five deputies which serve a county of 16,000 people. In an effort to help rural communities fight crime, towns that cannot afford a full-time law enforcement officer are contracting with sheriffs to obtain special deputy patrol coverage. "We have contracts with Latimer, Alexander and Coulter," Payne said, "and it works out well. The concept is termed a 'neighborhood patrolling technique,' and it seems to be working to reduce crime." Under this system, small towns agree to pay the county sheriff's office to provide extra patrol coverage'. In the case of Franklin County, Payne hired a special deputy to cover the three small towns. "We patrol seven Amana villages, which each have 150-300 people," said Sheriff William J. Spurrier of Iowa County. He believes that the number of small towns which will contract for special deputy patrol will rapidly increase this year. Donald Cleveland, executive director of the Iowa State Association of Counties, maintains that sheriffs and their deputies are the most underpaid group of law enforcement officials. His figures show that the average compensation for a sheriff is $4.32 per hour when figured for a 40-hour work week. In comparison, a captain on the Iowa Highway Patrol earns $6.21 per hour. Inwa Dally Pres» Association Say hello toOly. s3 $0 FILLED BV OLYMPIA B f-<rJ^ D 50LVENT PROPERTIES OF OW» WMff - ' ' US TO ATTAIN PERFECTION IB EI CONTESTS 12 FiJll The name's Olympia Beer. But our friends call us Oly. And if you Ve traveled around the country, we may already be friends. Or there's a good chance somebody might have brought you a six-pack of ice cold Oly to share. Anyway, we're here now and we think you're going to like us. Olympia Beer. You owe it to yourself. All Olympia cans and bottles are recyclable Olympia Brewing Company, Olympia, Washington 'OLY\n'
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