AU, MERCHANDISE ADVERT vfcfctt IN Tri? TRIRVNE S GUARANTEE* First to Last-the Truth: News ? Editorials-A rivorti <2t?mart+v THE WEATHER Fair to-day, cloudy to-morrow; mod? erate temperature; moderate southwest winds VuTI Report ou lut Pa?* Voi. lANM No. 27,409 (o???tii?,mi, ??? ??? ?? . ? - N?w York Tribut??- Inc.) THURSDAY, DECEMBER l>i?fcL **** --------- h??^, ??1 ????i In Grrater New York I Within 200 Mile* I K1(^wker9 I. R. T. Heads Defv Inquiry; Subpoenaed Director?* Niv Late Devel? opment* Make Possible fatten *?> Wreck Com? pany if They Testify Refuse to Sipn Immunity Waivers Coostitntiona] Rights May Set] I.i??s To-clav: Fear Sill for 910.000.000 f Commission*! Investiga" fa i thorough Rapid Transit' n unexpected snaf of the company who f -?? te hart ?een examined regarding of Interborough financial i ttanaaetiona -hiring the fiscal years '91? t? 19X1 suddenly refused to ap - bi fore * la commission. They of? pira that eleventh-hour >' - ftJafmtenta i i the inquiry would mnke ition having for its pur ? w- eking of the company ?? \k : - ': testify. Pro? era Issue Subpoenas Charging the directors with "?rola ?' rth" and with attempting to ' knation for their actions ? I ?? e been brought irto question, the Ci mmibsion summariiy issued sub yctnas demanding their presence this morning. Named in the subpoenas were August Belmont. chairman of the board; E. J. Beraind, chairman of tho executive eommittee; Morgan ,T. O'Brien, Genera! Cornelius Vanderbilt, Daniel G. Reid, T. Dewitt Cuyler and F. deC. Sullivan. Mr. Delmont, Mr. Berwind, Mr. O'Brien and General Vanderbilt were served yesterday afternoon as they were leaving the office of Horace M. Fisher, secretary of the Interborough. The process server was unable to find .Mr. Reid and learned that Mr. Cuyler ! and Mr. Sullivan were out of tbe city. Phi situation in which the directors find then..-elves, as a result of the sen? sational disclosures made by. the com? mission was given significance by the ! statement cf James L. Quackenbush, j general counsel of the Interborough, j that they would not sign waivers of j immunity demanded by Clarence J. Shears, special counsel of the commis- ! sion. | Directors Stand on Rights ';: ?Jew of ti "*, .-?.-in;'-v R&mU it' was believed yetterday that tbe direc? tor;: would do nothing more ttian make ferma! appearance to-day and take ref-' uge behind constitutional rights, thus ; blocking the aim of the commission to procure the full inside story of the\ Interhorough's financial methods from the. lips of those in high responsibility., According to the rules or the com? mission a subpoenaed witness who re- ' : es to answer questions is liable to ? prosecution for misdemeanor. The unexpected crisis in the investi? gation came after Mr. Shearn, cast'ng an inquiring gaze over the hearing room. called: "August Belmont!" There was no response. Mr. Quackenbush, who several days .;*'; gave the assurance that the di ? -tors would "cheerfully respond" to invitation of the commission, arose , ltd slowly read a statement, which he \i-i had been drafted by DeLancey j tficoll sr., Morgan J. O'Brien, John G. I Milburn and Albert Bonrdman, per- j Ronal counsel of the directors. He j then read: "In .response, they beg to state that they have no disposition to question th<> motives cf the commission or of its , counsel, but they respectfully submit j that the practical result of the in-' iestigation as it ?3 now being con- ' ducted is to encourage the hostile at? tacks of Clarence H. Ven nor? a no? torious speculator in law suits and . professional litigant who masquerades . under the name cf the Continental Securities Company, trie General In? vestment Company and other aliases? j upon the credit of the company and in- i directly to aid in his efforts to bring j about a receivership and wreck the company. New Suit Threatened. "Venner now bas, in his cam? paign of litigation against the com? pany, six suits pending for this pur? pose and to gain advantages over other I note holders, and he threatens to com? mence a new one to-morrow against these very directors to recover $10,000, (Ccr.tlnue'd on page eight) Death Threats for Foch On Visit to Centralia Secret Guards Doubled to Pre? vent I. W. W, Demonstration in Washington Town From The Tribune's Washington Uureau WASHINGTON, Nov. 30.?Official ; Washington will breathe easier after; Marshal Foch leaves Ccntralia, Wash.,' it was learned here to-day. The Gen? eral?simo is due there Thursday and j special precautions have been tacen to, guard against an I. W. W. demonstra- ? tion. i The Secret Service has received | letters saying that ? "special recep- ? tion" was being prepared for the ? Marsha] of France when he arrived. ; Other letters, received by members of I the local committee in Centralia, have : been forwarded to the Secret Service ? headquarters here. In tbe latter let-1 ters. the anonymous writers signified' their intention of "getting" the! Marshal when ho appeared. While ! doubt is expressed in official circles i that the hostile element in that sec-? tlon will actually carry out their I ?threats, no precaution has been ' neglected in safeguarding the Marsha!. To-day, in Seattle, the regular Secret; Service detail with the Marshal's1 party was augmented by practically the; entire membership of the Coast Secret Service detail. All th?! local authorities familiar with characters involved in the Armistice Day shoothjg have been added to tho Marshal's gaard. All re? motely suspicious characters were gathered in prior to the Marshal's coming. The warrior himself has not been ap ri.^cd of the reported tbrrats. Mem era of the French Secret Service traveling with him sav that it would not al'er his determination to visit Centralia, t -.?,,,,?r J Wfce? y?n think ot VrrltJn?,! ?Oak o? whiting, t-Aavfcf . I Bluebeard Landru Convicted; Doomed to Die by Guillotine 4fcI Am Innocent!" Arch Slayer Shout* as Counsel Makes Final Dramatic Plea in Which He Calls His Client Merely a White Slaver F"<o?tt Th? Tribu**'? KHToficrt? Rurenu Copyright, i!> i Now York Tribuns in<\ VERSAILLES, Nov. 80, Henri Lan? dru, the "Bluebeard of Gambats," charged specifically with killing ten women and n boj, to day wns found gtlllty of murder It) the first degree nnd sentenced to bo guillotined. The ver? dict came us a climax to a trial that lasted three weeks, every session of the court crowded with dramatic incident. In his final address to the jury M. Moro-Giaferri. counsel for Landru, ?nade an impassioned appeal for acquit? tal, and cited historic instances where Fre:ieh justice had miscarried and in? nocent persons been condemned to death. He admonished the jurors not to convict on "flimsy" evidence ad? vanced by the state in an attempt to prove that ins client had killed eleven persons and disposed of their bodies. M. Moro-Giaferrl, who is considered one 01 the cleverest lawyers in France pinned the defense of Landru on the delicate point in French law which de? crees that the body must be present ti establish irrefutable evidence of death "The law* is plain in this case," ht said; "disappearance does not mear death." The lawyer often rose to heights o1 j eloquence, which were effective upon I the fashionably attired women who 1 crowded tho courtroom, and even caused landru to assume n more con? fident, air than any he hnd worn in . three weeks. The attorney cited the case of the : poilu executed at Verdun i.n a charge ; of voluntary mutilation, who, it. was afterward proved, nad been actually wounded by a German bullet, and that j of a woman in Italy condemned for ' killing her husband, who later ap i pea red. Attacking the evidence of experts I w' i swore that human bores hnd been found in the. stove at L-indru's villa in I Gembais, M. Moro-Giaferri recalled : that experts also identified a body , found on the beach at St. Malo in 1919 i as thnt. of a human, though it proved to ne a chimpanzee, 'i no bor.es found ?a Garabain bearing the marks of a I steel saw, he asserted, were veal bones part of a meal Landru hud eaten. The first investigation at the villa, he I pointed out, bad shown nothing; it was ' only on other visits that tho authori j ties discovered evidence on which thay ? were now trying to convict. "In this terrible butcher shop where Landru is charged with killing and cutting up humans not one drop of blood has been found," finid the pris I oner's counsel, in conclusion. Notes May Give Dea?li Motives Of Whittlesev Captain of Ship From Which Colonel Vanished at Ser^ Thinks He Wrote Them Here Before Departure Will Sought in Safe Box 77th to Hold Memorial Service Sunday for Hero of the "Lost Battalion" HAVANA, Cuba, Nov. 30 (By The As? sociated Press"),?What compelling mo? tive sent Lieutenant Colonel Charlf3 W. Whittlesey, commander of the "lost battalion," overboard into the sea only a few hours out from New York last Saturday ni*ht may be revealed in letters to members of his family and business associates which he left for Captain Grant of the steamer Telca* to deliver. Nine of these letters were in the captain's possession when tbe Toloa docked to-night. Captain Grant also received a note from Colonel Whit t'.esey, which he declared he regarded as confidential. "I can say, however, that from all appearances the act was premeditated," Captain Grant declared, "and that Colonel Whittlesey leaped overboard either just before or just after mid? night Saturday." Various wireless messages were left by Colonel Whittlesey for transmis? sion, but these were not forwarded, and except in case of one of the messages their nature was not disclosed. This particular message said that he would be missing. May Have Written Notes in New York None of the letters which Colonel Whittlesey left in his berth were on the writing paper of the steamship company, nor were any of them dated, which led to the belief that they were written before embarking on the Toloa. After experiencing heavy weather nearly all the way from Neiv York the Toloa docked this evening,..nearly ten hours late, and it was only after two hours of conferences with representa? tives of the American and British con? sulates and tre acting first secretary of the American Legation, Cord Meyer jr., that Captain Grant would give out any statement. "I'learned just before we sailed last Saturday morning that Colonel Whit? tlesey was aboard,", said Captain Grant, "but did not see him until dinner that night. He sat at my table and ap? peared quite normal. "The first intimation I had that he had disappeared was Monday morning. It appears that he had struck up an acquaintance with A. Maloret, another passenger, and conversed with him in the smoking room untii 11:15 Saturday night, when he left suddenly, saying he would retire. He was not seen after? ward. "On Sunday Mr. Maloret inquired for him, but thought he was ill, as wo were meeting heavy weather. On Mon? day morning, when it was found that his berth was undisturbed, an investi? gation was mads and nine letters to members of his family, several wire? less messages and a note to me were discovered on his berth. The state? room was then locked and the papers were delivered to me. "1 did not forward the wireless mes? sages, but sent two of my own?one to his executor, John B. Pruyn, and another to the company office. The let (Continued en page eight) U. S. Rail Board Virtually Rules For Open Shop New Working Regulations to 1 Save $50 000,000 a Year hy Broadening Scope of Employees' Fixed Duties Six Crafts Are Included Revisions Effective To-day Will Allow Men To Be Detailed to Other Jobs CHICAGO, Nov. 30 (By The Associ? ated Press).?Economies in operation and increased efficiency, estimated to rc.ch $50,000,000 a year, and recog? nition of the "open shop" on all Ameri? can railroads, were forecast to-night in the promulgation of revised working rules governing railroad shop em? ployees by the United Statep. Railroad Labor Bcarif. The new rules become, effective to? morrow, December 1, and take jurisdic? tion over approximately 400,000 men immediately, although a still larger number will be affected when the nor? mal traffic conditions are restored. Farreacbing changes in the rules, which supplant, the national agreement made during Federal control, were de? signed to afford a basis for permanent stability in the railroid shops of the country, and were declared by members of the Labor Board to be the most im? portant work yet done by the board and of much greater significance than any decision in the past, even includ? ing V'dge scale adjustments. Large economics are expected to re? sult from revision of the classification rules, which were made more elastic and hereafter will permit members of certain crafts to do minor jobs previ? ously done by members of other crafts. Ruling Protects Minority Provision for the representation of minorities who may have grievances is j another important item of the new j rules. Under the national agreement, negotiation for employees, was placed . almost wholly in the hands of labor or? ganizations, with the result that the i railroads and many industrial and civic institutions declared that tho I agreement forced a closed union shop on the roads. Non-union men found it impracticable to attempt to bring their grievances before the board, and as the rules worked out union officials handled the cases, taking their precedent from the national agreement negotiations in which union officials acted for the employees in drawing up tho agreement under Federal control. "The principle of the open shop es? tablished by the new rules," a state? ment by board members said, "will, in fact, be more theoretical than practical at the present time, since a large ma? jority of the railroad shops aie ? unionized and the existing unions are recognized by the board and by the transportation act'as representative of the majority. "Most of the older working rules, sanctioned by tho experience of years, are preserved in full effect. Many of the more rigid rules, however, were considerably relaxed in favor of the roads, although the recognized rights of the men ate fully protected and the principle of collective bargaining and union recognition is retained, as con? templated by the transportation act." The majority of the changes ?iTected by the new rules is in the classifica? tion of the work to be performed by the various crafts. Almost without ex? ception these classifications are made (ConUnued en page ?Ix) Laseelles Proposed to Princess In Drawing Room at Palace From The Tribune's European Bureau Copyright, 192i, New York Tribune Inc. LONDON, Nov. 30.?It is now said authoritatively that Viscount Lascelles proposed to Princess Mary in the drawing-room at Sandringham Palace after tea. This settles a speculation that has engaged the newspapers for the last ten days. Princess Mary will be known after her marriage as Her Royal Highness Princess Mary, the Viscountess La? scelles. This announcement to-day seems to dispose of the report that Viscount Lascelles would be raised to the peerage after he weds King George's only daughter. The Ladies Victoria and May Cam? bridge and Princess Ingrid, daughter of the Crown Prince of Sweden, are most frequently mentioned for brides? maids at the forthcoming wedding, and it is possible that the two-year-old son of Princess Patricia, now Lady Ram- | say, will be page to tho royal bride* After the wedding ceremony the prin? cess will be received at Harewood House, the home of the viscount's parents, without ceremony, nor will court etiquette be observed when they have settled in their home. After the honeymoon, part of which will be passed at Balmoral and part on the Continent, Viscount Laseelles and his bride probably will take up their residence at Goldsborough Hall, an Elizabethan mansion near Knaresbor ough, Yorkshire. This property be? longs to the Earl of Harewood, and for a time it was thought that ho would move there, giving the larger Hare? wood House near Leeds to his son, but it has been decided that the viscount shall have tho smaller home. Except for the hunting season, it is probable that most of the entertaining by Prin? cess Mary and her. husband will be done at Chesterfield House, London. ? ?.??? Florida Mid South, 3:05 I\ M. and 13:30 niiflit P. R. R. Thru steepen?, Miami, Tump? and St. FeterBburjr. Seaboard Air Line Ry., 142 W. 42nd St, Tel. Bryant 5413.?Advt, Irish Parley Near Collapse; War Feared Miracle Alone Can Pre? vent Break., Each Side Admits; Government Puts All Business Aside I Jo yd George Firm On Washington Trip Sinn Fein Suspicious and Expects Truce to 'De? cay' ; Concedes Nothing ? LONDON, Nov. 30 (By The Asso? ciated Press). All government busi ness is giving way to the gravity of the Irish situation. Both government ami Irish circles express the feeling i that only a miracle can avert the col? lapse of the conference and a renewal of warfare. It had been intended to hold a Cabi | net council to-night to consider Ger ? man reparations in connection with j tho visit; of Dr. Walther Kathenau, but : this had to be postponed to permit the special Cabinet committee dealing with Irish affairs to hold a sitting. Lord Birkenhead, due to speak at a political meeting in Liverpool, was obliged to stay in London. He sent a message of apology, explaining that his absence was owing to "grave public affairs." Premier Lloyd George also wired to the meeting explaining that Lord Birk ?nhead's presence m London was "im? peratively demanded by the present position of the Irish negotiations." Sinn Fein Stands Firm A spokesman of the Sinn Fein de? clared this evening that there was no intention on the part of the Sinn Fein to alter its attitude regarding either the unity of Ireland or allegiunce to the crown. Representatives of the Sinn Fein took pains to deny formally the statement of a London newspaper that, first, the Sinn Fein had consented to agree to a plan whereby Ulster could contract with an all-Ireland Parlia? ment, retaining her existing rights until or unless she changes her mind; second, to form an allegiance "which ought to be satisfactory to any Brit? ish Minister who is not purely a for? malist"'; third, the appointment of a boundary commission to delimit the present political and religious frontier of Uister to distribute the populations between the north and the south on a more satisfactory basis. Regarding I ho sn^gestion that the government will propose a new scheme to Ulster, the Sinn Fein delegates say they are not concerned with it and re? fuse to share the government's respon bility for it. There was another ses? sion this evening of the British dele? gates, but nothing was forthcoming as a result of it. Lloyd George to Make Trip "Whatever the result, Mr. Lloyd George, will go to Washington," a Downing Street official said to-night. Respecting this it was said at Sinn Fein headquarters that "such a move on the part of the Premier would not be viewed with patience or without suspicion, for the reason that if Irish American support, was weakened in con equencc of the Premier's visit to the United States the Sinn Fein might be forced to modify its demands, upon which it feels now in a position to per? sist." The impossibility of maintaining the truce long after th. breakdown of the 1 conference it. re"''.:.;. The view ex? pressed by tho .;:r? Fei.ners is that ther*'! would ' ??< no fonnul ?enunciation of the truro by aithor ?r'ldfc. but tnat it would "quickly decftj " i ?* point? ed out that such provocative acts on both sides as have been occurring re ccntly in Ireland would probably bo regarded as d?fini;? breaches of the truce and cause its .speedy collapse if it were not for the fact that the con? ference still has being. When the. con. ; ference finally fails, such acts must inevitably lead to renewed warfare. i De Valera Insists Irish Can Give in No Further Declares Enemies Will Be to Blame, if Peace in Erin Is IS at Brought About El NIS, Ireland, Nov. 30 (By The As iBOcinted Press).?Eamon dt Valera to? day delivered an address in the. town i hall here, in which he declared if peace | in Ireland was not brought about it would not be because "there is not the will on the part of Ireland to make it, : but because those opposed to us in Ireland do not want to make peace with us." "1 may tell you," Mr. de Valera con? tinued, "that we stand to-day, no mat? ter what other peoples say, exactly where we stood and for the principles ; for which we stood four years ago. We 1 have gone as far as we can go, con? sistent with those principles, for peace. i We cannot and will not go any further. "We counted the cost four or five i years ago, and you who have had the experience of those years assuredly | will not suggest that anybody having ! charge of the direction of affairs should I for a moment give away our principles. i We stand on the rock of truth and j principles and face the future with the ? same confidence and knowledge as we ; faced our work four years ago." -???-. 112 Killed When Train Hits School Auto Bus ; Eleven Students and Driver Unable to Escape From Closed Car RED BLUFF, Calif., Nov. 30.?Eleven high school students and the driver of ? an automobile bus in which they were ' riding were illed to-day south o'f here j at the Proberta Crossing, when a ? Southern Pacific train, southbound, ; struck the conveyance. Tho bus, en route with children to ! school, had suffered an accident and ! was behind schedule. Two drivers I were sent from the high school to i bring it in. Another bus crossed ' ahead of the train, but this one, fol? lowing closely behind in a dense fog, i was struck squarely and hurled into a j block signal. Inclosed in the car, tho j children were unable to escape, and i their bodies were hurled in ?11 direc? tions, jj* Berlin Seeks U. S. Loan for Reparations Stinnes's Negotiations To Be Followed by Discus? sions With Americans With Regard to Credits | Mark's Value in England Advances i Moratorium Proposal for Germany Receives Brit? ish Cabinet's Attention - BERTEN, Nov. 30 (By The Associated ! Press).?The executive committee of i the Imperial Union of German Industry | yesterday discussed the question of j raising credits. During the meeting j Hugo Stinnea, the financier, made a re I port concerning his recent visit to Lon? don. The "Lokal-Anzeiger" says it was j decided to adopt the proposal made by ? the Chancellor to appoint a committee of six members from the finnncial and ; industrial worlds to communicate with . economic circles in Great Britain and | the United States regarding credits. i Tho union is concerned at present I over a credit for the January payment j of reparations, but it is especially anx ? ious to find now methods for payments ! so that Germany, after the January in ; stallment is met, will not reach a | similar necessitous condition. The conferences Dr. Walter Rathe | nau, former German Minister of Re l construction, is having in London are ? viewed here as complementing recent i visits to London of Hugo Stinnes, Di ? rector Deutsch of the General Electric ; Company and Banker Rothschild and ! other financiers and industrialists, ! whose efforts are expected to result in I a radical reversal of the policy of the ?Allies as regards reparations. Dr. Rathenau is supposed to be act , ing in the interest of the Wirth gov ; eminent in an effort to propose pay j monts in kind as a substitute for the. : gold instalments for reparations which | Germany hitherto has been obliged to i pay at the expense of currency infla ' tion. It is hoped by Dr. Rathenau to j persuade the Allies to permit Germany ! to make the major part of her obliga ! tory payments in chemicals, dyes, ; potash and other commodities, thus ob ; viating forced buying of foreign ex j change, and possibly, ultimately, an ! agreement similar to the Wiesbaden j agreement, Meets with Encouragement Advices received here from London ; report that Dr. Rathenau's mission is ; meeting wjith encouragement. Reports ? of the London negotiations demoral : ized exchange rates to-day and resulted j in a fall of 31 cents in the dollar. I Foreign moneys were unloaded in quan I tities at the opening of the Bourse j by recent heavy buyers. This forced all I exchange rates down several points. From The. Tribune's European Bureau | Copyright, 13J1, N'ew York Tribuno Inc. LONDON, Nov. 30.?The Anglo-.Ger 1 man discussions on reparations and ' trade resulted to-day in a sharp ap ; preciation in value of the mark, trans ! actions being conducted on a large I scale. Within two hours of the open ! ing of the London Exchange the rate ' had dropped from 1,100 to 030 a pound sterling, reacting to 950 at the close. To-night government ofTic:als listened to the suggestions of Sir Robert Home, Chancellor of the Exchequer; Lord D'Abernon, British Ambassador lo Ber? lin, and Sir John Bradbury, British member ni th?. Reparations Commis? sion, on ti ?.i p' of -i German mora? torium at .rom two ts three years. As reported in The r.byna today mese thret' offj'f?als hu \ ' ng consultation with Dr. Ws ter Mnt"< nau, former Min i ister of U'.w. unHt!'V,o \ u in the Wirth Cabinet, and his secretary, l>r. Simon, : a German economist, wherein not only : the moratorium question but the method of raising funds for the repa | rations payment of January 15 and the j Wiesbaden Franco-German agreement ! were discussed. Meets British Bankers 1 To-day Dr. Rathenau had a series of | conferences with British bankers and ? manufacturers, Sir Robert Kindersley, i director of the Bank of England, ac j companying him on most of his calls. | It is declared probable that Germany i will pay the January installment, as i her industrial chiefs have volunteered i to pledge their plants, but the Feb S 1'iiury payment may be postponed. Great Britain is expected to recom ' mend to her allies that Germany be ! given a long extension form of mora i tori urn, and Dr. Rathenau probably 1 will tako such a message to the Berlin i government. French newspaper com ! ment reflects a feeling of mistrust and I suspicion in Paris, and the charge is i made that the British are going be? hind the back of their ally. This is (Continued on page thro?) ?Abdid Baha, Religious Leader, Dies in Persia j Was Prisoner Many Years for j Preaching Doctrine of the Brotherhood of Man LONDON, Nov. 30.--Abdul Baha, 1 world leader of the Bahai movement, ' died at Haifa, Persia, on Monday, ac | cording to a dispatch to "The Times" ? to-day. Abbas Effendi, known throughout the : world as Abdul Baha, was born in Te ?? heran, Persia, on May 23, 1844. He ! was leader of the Bahai movement, ! which has as its aim world religious unity. The movement is based on the brotherhood of man, and was begun in Persia two generations ago. The Baha ists teach that all religions are basi ! cally one; that differences in them ; have arisen through the corruptions of j theology and dogmas. Abdul Baha was for many years a ; prisoner of the Turks and Persians be ! cause of his teachings. He was subse ? quently banished from his native coun < try and made two visits to this coun l try. He was in the United States in j 1912 and in 191,9. During his last visit ' he was interested in the principle of ?the League of Nations, and saw in it something approaching the ideal of the philosophy which he had been preach? ing for so many years. FLORIDA?ATLANTIC COAST LINK will arrange jour trip- South. Expert informa? tion at Office, 1346 Bioadwuy (32nd St.).? Advt, Japan Will Arbitrate Shantung Issue; Naval Agreement Is in Sight i Japanese and Chinese Ac? cept Tender of Good j Offices for Parley Made by Hughes and Balfour ?Troop Withdrawal By Tokio Likely Nippon, However, Won't Take Soldiers From Manchuria, Says Leader | By Thomas Steep WASHINGTON, Nov. 30.?Shantung, taken by the Germans in 1898, seized by Japan in 1914 and awarded to Japan by the powers by the Treaty of Ver I sailles, will be restored to China, if plans formed to-day prove successful. I This result will mark a triumph for ; America's direct and plain-speaking I diplomacy at the arms limitation con? ference. Negotiations to work out the details of the transfer or "China's cradle of civilization" to its ancient ownership I will be begun to-morrow. Secretary ! Hughes will extend the good offices | of the United States. Arthur J. Bal j four will appear as a friendly umpire ! for Great Britain. Japan, having al | ready indicated her willingness to re ! linquish control of the province, the i Japanese delegates, headed by Prince i Tokugawa, will sit down- with the | Chinese delegates with every assur | anee that under the tutelage of Amer? ica and Great Britain a settlement ; agreeable to both China and Japan will ; be effected without the exchange of : a single preliminary diplomatic note. Agreement to settle the controversy ! was reached at to-day's session of the 'conference committee, on Pacific and : Far Eastern questions. Although the | negotiations are to be conducted be : tween Japan and China directly, and I technically outside the sphere of the ! conference, the result, it is said, will j be achieved "in the cordial atmosphere ?created by the conference." The settlement already foreshadow ? ed wi'.i, the Chinese delegates believe, ! be a reversal of the Versailles Treaty ] and a repudiation of the award to ! Japan, in which President Wilson as ? sented. Terms Favorable to China Convinced that the Chinese people j would never be satisfied with any ! settlement made at either Tokio or : Peking, the Chinese delegates have ! been outspoken in their intention not j to sign any agreement without at least the benefit of American observation. j To-day's procedure in arranging for i negotiations "in the atmosphere of the i conference" was described as entirely i satisfactory to China. No doubt ex i ists that Japan will remove every ob I staclo to a speedy 'restoration of the ' province to Chinese rule, although i Japan only recently demanded that in ? any relinquishing of her authority she | be permitted to enter into a joint ad- ? ministration of Shantung affairs. I ! Prince Tokugawa indicated that Japan ; is ready to settle on terms favorable : to China. To-day's brief communique announc : ing an event of historic importance to China says: i "It was stated to the meeting by I the chairman that Mr. Hughes and j Mr. Balfour had offered their good ! offices to tho representatives of \ China and Japan in tho suggestion ! that there should be conversations between these representatives look? ing to the settlement of the ques? tions relating to Shantung and the leased territory of Kiaochau, that these good offices were accepted by ! representatives of both governments I and that the conversations were to ! proceed accordingly, the first meet i ing for that purpose to be held j Thursday afternoon." i America Only Alternative ! Elaboration of the statement by the ! American delegates left no doubt as to i what prompted the arrangement. Dr. ? Alfred Sze, the senior Chinese dele j gate, said China had no intimation ; that the controversy was to be brought j up at this time. He said Japan had | pressed for a settlement long before i the Washington conference ppened, but j the terms proposed were unsatisfac i tory. The conviction has been reached i that no adjustment would be possible ! either at Tokio or Peking, he said, ! and the only alternative was America. I The latter opportunity was presented ! without China's request. Few people ; doubt that Mr. Hughes, after consult ' ing with Mr. Balfour, made the ar ; rangement possible. By their action I all formalities of preliminary diplo? matic exchanges were dispensed with ! and the machinery was set in motion i with a suddenness that amazed both i the Japanese and Chinese delegates. No problem has vexed the Chinese ] people more than the foreign occupa | tion of Shantung. For sentimental ? reasons alone it has aroused the 400, j 000,000 Chinese, as an attack at the ! foundation of their civilization. Shan (Continued ?n nrxt pan?) Lloyd George Limits Stay Here to 3 Weeks LONDON, Nov. 30.?A letter to American Baptists at the in? stigation of Premier Lloyd George says he will be in Washington for only a fortnight, or three weeks at the longest, and that he will be obliged to devote his entire time to the conference. Hence, he will be unable to accept many kind in? vitations received through their delegations. I_ British Stand Solidly Behind Hughes's Plan Japanese, in Plea for Reduc? tion of Navy on Basis of 10-10-7 Ratio, Found To Be Arguing by Selves Alliance of Aid to U. S. Nippon Also Discovers the Pact With London Works Out on Side of America By Boyden Sparkes WASHINGTON, Nov. 30.?-Japan has found at the Washington conference that the Anglo-Japanese Treaty has had the paradoxical effect of placing Great Britain on the side of the United States and against Japan on the principal questions up for discussion. Great Britain has stood and is stand? ing solidly with the United States on I the 5-5-3 naval ratio. If any as i surances were necessary to support j the words of British diplomats tboy i were furnished by the pointed utter ! anees of Admiral Beatty, who pro ; nounced the American proposals to be | more than fair to Japan. It was Lord Beatty, of course, who supervised the work of the British naval experts in? trusted with the task of examining the American tables to see. if they con? formed with the facts. Now that Japan's insistence on a re? duction program on a 10-'0-7 ra- ; tio is being made on the plea that the basis of existing strength should not include ships under construction they are arguing alone. The opinion of the British experts and tbe British diplomats is solidly fused with the view of the American delegates, and that is that a ship partially built represents naval strength to the extent that it is completed. Japanese Argument Untenable If the Japanese logic is weak no such adjective may be used to describe the Nipponese desire to convince the Brit? ish that a 5-5-3 ratio is entire? ly unsatisfactory to both partners in the Anglo-Japanese alliance. But the very fact that Great Britain is a part? ner in that alliance gives her opposi? tion to Japanese contentions much greater weight than if the alliance did not exist. An American spokesman summed up the British view, as well as the Ameri? can, to-day when he said: "If the $338, 000,000 that the. United States has in? vested in partly finished capital ships does not represent naval strength, what are we giving up?" Japan's in? vestment in unfinished shipping is a great deal less than the sum repre? sented by the unfinished shipping which the United States has proposed to scrap. When Japan presented her argument against including ships not actually in commission before the committee on reduction of naval armament the reply of the British member was, in effect, it is said, "Jolly rot." Of course, they don't speak to each other that way over the council table. Nevertheless, the American view was laid down in words almost as terse. These set forth that the Japanese argument is unten? able. Maneuver to Save Mutsu The British, quite as well as the American delegates and naval experts, understand perfectly that Japan's in? sistence on a 10-10-7 ratio is a ma? neuver designed to save the post-Jut? land Mutsu. It was a Briton who re? cently employed chess terms in order to make clear the uttei" futility of go? ing ahead with the Hughes program if Japan was to be allowed to keep the Mutsu. "Post-Jutland ships are to modern navies what the queen is to a set of chessmen. Japan, in fighting for the (Continuad on next page) Britain Decorates German Tar As Hero of Sea Wreck in 1914 Ernst Harzmeyer is a German. It] ? is of more importance, however, that j he is a seagoing sailor. The British government, it was learned yesterday, ? has decorated him for bravery and ?presented him with a silver loving cup. ! This distinction came to Ernst Harz ! meyer early this week through the agency of Captain Glouster Armstrong, : British Consul General here. The act '; which merited remembrance dates back i to the February of 1914. It was on a day in that month and i year that the British steamship Coun I ty of Devon capsized while on her way I from Norfolk to Rotterdam. For three daj*3 her captain and twenty-four of her crew were tossed upon the sea. The German tanker Deutschland was the first to sight the distressed Brit- j isher, and Ernst Harzmeyer was an ? officer of the Deutschland. The sea was still rough when the Deutschland approached, but Harz meyer put over a small boat and with a crew rescued the entire British crew. Shortly afterward England and Ger? many went to war. For five years they fought each other. This week the tank steamer Vistula put into the Port of New York. Ernst Harzmeyer was aboard her. He was invited to the office of the British Con? sul General and there, by direction of his government, Captam Armstrong presented England's testimonials for an act of bravery at sea. THE PLAZA-?Orill Koom. Special Din? ner 13.60 per cpn?r dally?Dancing.T-Advt. Nippon Delegates Only; Awaiting Final Approv? al From Tokio Before Agreeing to Hughes Plan Discussion Goes To "Big Three" America Holds Firm in Counting All Ship Con? struction in Proposal By Carter Field WASHINGTON, Nov. 30.?Final approval from Tokio sustaining the belief of the Japanese delegation here that the Japanese must agree to the ratio of 5-5-3?that the strength of their Meet in battleships shall be 60 per cent of the American Meet or the British fleet?is the only thing holding up formal settlement. This was clearly indicated in Jap? anese quarters to-night, and so con? fident are the Japanese here that this will be the word that they tem? porarily at least have even given up serious belief that their requirement of a 70 per cent ratio will be ac? cepted. American Position Final No further argument is being made by the American delegation on the point. "It is simply not arguable," said the spokesman of the American dele? gation. Discussion of the ratio was formally referred to the "Big Three"?Hughes, Balfour and Kato?to-day. In the last week, so far as armament is con* cerned, Mr. Hughes has been handling the discussion, not the American naval experts, and th* same applies to both the British an'! J&^ane?e. Information that the Japanese Cabi? net had backed up the delegation's con? tention for a 70 per cent ratie was ac? cepted here to-night as a gesture, though it is known that actually the important thing awaited from Tokio is the expected permission to the delega? tion to announce its concession to the 5-5-3 plan insisted upon by the Ameri? can and British delegations. Meanwhile, on the Pacific and Far Eastern questions another long step toward the satisfactory solution of all those problem.-- wa? made when it was agreed that the Chinese and Japanese should negotiate the Shantung ques? tion between themselves, with Hughes and Balfour sitting in to exert thei ?'good offices." Italians Open to Proposals The Italians have made it very clea. that, while they insist upon having ;, navy precisely as strong as that of France, they are not particularly in? terested in what the. size of that navy shall be. They are willing to discuss cutting down the existing st.-enttth to any figure to which France will agree. The Japanese have played their last card in their fight for a 70 per cent ratio on battleships, which was that none of the ships under construction by any company should bo counted in computing the existing strength. It is this existing strength which is the American yardstick in determining the size of the fleets during the naval hol? iday and during- the replacement period which is to follow it. As was asserted in The Tribune yes? terday morning, the Japanese found out to their own satisfaction some days ago that they could not hope lo alt? - the ratio of 5?5?3, as laid down by Mr. Hughes. They conceded this when they found out that even if they ee cepte-.l !t they might be ab?e, by sub? stituting an older ship for the scrap offering, to retain their new snip Muten. The case of the Mutsa is tremen? dously important to the Japanese, al-; though it is not weighed as so im? portant by the American delegation, Figure Actual Ship Cans/ruction "It isn't a question of any particular' ship that is involved,'' said a member! of the American delegation to-day. "We have taken the ftiatsn in working out the relative strengths as being 98 per cent completed, and that wa% the correct figure. "The thing comes down to one simp'0 proposition and that is whether yoi take into consideration the soips aci tually und:;r construction in figuring your ratio. "If we have a ship 80 oi 90 per cent completed, we don't count it 100 per cent. We count; it for what it is, just as we did in taking their figur?e and giving them credit for what they had. "The American people would not ap? prove our scrapping these ships on which we spent $330,000,000 without getting proper credit in any arrange? ment made. We put them in for what they are worth. Question INot Arguable "The ignoring of ships under con? struction is not arguable. If you want to arrive at the strength you must put in all ships under construc? tion as well as those completed." Both the Americans and British re? gard the idea of not counting ships under construction as a part of exist? ing naval strength as too absurd to warrant argument. In joining t" r Americans on this proposition the Brit? ish are not taking a ground that would in any way advance their own claims to a larger ratio, because of the three, big naval powers they have by far tha smallest amount of new construction. The whole test of t-xistlng naval strength is based fundamentally, the Americana contend, on strength which could be used in a war which started immediately. Obviously, they ?ay, the ships under construction, especially '.hose nearly completed, could be rushed to completion in a very short time by putting three sbif ta a day upon them. Senator Schanzer, head of the Italian delegation, to-day waved aside quea ?
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