Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on March 30, 1964 · Page 1
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 1

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Monday, March 30, 1964
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74th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA. MONDAY, MARCH 30. 1964 $1.50 Per Month Twelve Pages 10 CenH PENNEY STORE - The five sfory, J. C. Penney Co. store in Anchorage, Alaska, just one year old, was shaken apart by the Good Friday earthquake. Two women were killed by col­ lapsing wall of the store and o third was killed in the building. (UPl Teiephoto) Rockefeller campaigns in Oregon ONTARIO, Ore. (UPD— New York Gov. Nelson Rockefeller said today that the Democrats do not understand the true na turc of the Communist challenge. In remarks at a sold-out capacity crowd of 300 at a Chamber of Commerce sponsored $1 a-plate breakfast, KockefcUer said the Democrats do not know how to provide leadership and strength to our free world alliances. The speech started a grueling five-city 430-mlle swing through the vast ranch and farm lands of Eastern Oregon today as the New York governor resumed his campaign for the Republican presidential nomination. He planned a statewide 90-minute telethon Tuesday and also will campaign in California before returning cast Friday. Oregon sends only 18 dele gates to the Republican National convention but its primary is important because the names of Rockefeller, Henry Cabot Ixxlge and Sen. Barry Goldwater will be on the ballot. Weather Redlands Weather Today Highest 82, Lowest 4T Sunday Highest 87, Lowest 51 ; Saturday Highest 84, Lowest 44 •'^ One Year Ago Highest 69, Lowest 42 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:38 a.m. —6:09 p.m. No smog, allowable burning. U.S. Weather Buretu Neon Foreeasf Skies will be partly sunny this afternoon with an increase in high cloudiness in Southern California. Low clouds will persist over parts of the coastline. Clouds will increase generally tonight and become mostly cloudy Tuesday. Rain will move in over most of the coastal and mountain areas of Southern California Tuesday in connection with a slow moving low pressure system that this morning is centered crime 700 miles west of the Southern California coast. Some cooling will occur Tuesday. The outlook for Wednesday: Cloudy and rainy Tuesday night with some precipitation getting out into the deserts. Five Day Forecast LitUe or no precipitation with temperatures three to six degrees above normal. Temperatures and precipitation for the 24-hour period ended at 4 a.m. High Low Preeip. Boston Chicago Cincinnati Denver Fairbanks Fort Worth Helena Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Minneapolis New York Oklahoma City Palm Springs Sacramento San Francisco SeatUe Washington 47 28 28 20 .28 42 18 .02 58 32 71 42 60 28 38 17 SI 47 82 53 26 7 52 31 62 25 90 59 78 49 56 49 71 50 >. 54 32 .12 MacArthur fights for life, third operation WASHINGTON (UPI)- Gen. Douglas MacArthur, 84, fighting to recover from his third major operation this month, developed new complications today but a "slight improvement" was noted by doctors. A morning medical bulletin, said the general had developed kidney trouble and there was bleeding from the esophagus. But a 12:30 p.m. statement said that ". . . Since the bulletin issued at 3:45 a.m. today, there has been a slight improvement in the functioning of the kidney and some reduction in the bleeding from the esophagus." It said, however, that "Gen. MacArthur's condition continues to be critical." Doctors had said the morning developments were a "matter of grave concern" but that the old soldier's fighting heart re­ mained strong. The 9:45 a.m. statement said that "appropriate measures" to correct the kidney flare-up were being pushed. The aging general underwent emergency surgery Sunday for removal of a portion of his intestine. It was his third operation this month. His second operation last Monday was performed to stop hemorrhaging in his esophagus—the tube carrying food from the mouth to the stomach. One good sign doctors noted this morning, however, was stabilizing blood pressure and pulse. The five-star general was re ported to have gained and lost consciousness periodically dur ing the day and night. His wife, Jean, visited him several times Sunday but it was not known whether he talked with her. No trace found of plane missing in Pacific LOS ANGELES CUPD-Ships and planes criss-crossing a vast area of the Pacific Ocean today reported that no trace has been found of a missing trans port plane with nine persons aboard, including a mother and her two young children. The Coast Guard said the search of an area about 900 miles southwest of here would continue as long as there was hope. By early today 11 aircraft and six surface vessels had covered almost 60,000 square miles of ocean in search of the four-engine plane which disap peared Saturday morning. Navy, airforce and civilian crafts were participating in the search for the DC4 which was owned by Facilities Management Corp. of HaulhoiTie, Calif. Robert Powell, a company representative, confirmed that a family of four was aboard the craft, including a man and wife and their young son and daugh ter. The plane was on the last leg of a flight from Wake Island to Los Angels via Honolulu. Powell said besides the crew of three, two other men were aboard the plane. 10 dead in helicopter crash 3IANIL.4 (UPI) — Search teams today reached the wreckage of a U.S. Marine helicopter in a mountain area north of JIanila and reported that all 10 Americans aboard were killed in the crash. The aircraft carried three crewmen and seven passengers. The names of the dead will not be released until relatives have been notified. The aircraft, attached to Marine Helicopter Squadron 261 basde aboard the USS Iwo Jima. was reported missing Friday morning while on a flight from Basa Air Base, about 60 miles north of Manila, to Cubi Point Air Base near Manila. The plane was last heard from before dawn Saturday when its pilot radioed that "there's a bad fire in the number two engine. We might have to ditch." A weak distress signal picked up Saturday night by search ships spurred hopes for finding sunivors—but no additional signals were received Sunday. The distress signal was identified as coming from a "Gibson Girl transmitter, which is standard gear in life rafts. Legislature begins final budget effort SACRAMENTO (UPI) - The embattled 1964 Legislature goes into special session today in a final effort to come up «ifh a state budget and meet other pressing problems. Returning from a three - day Easter vacation, the lawmakers started with virtually a clean slate. Most major bills of the 41 separate "special call" items still were in committee. The budget session, limited by the state constitution to 30 days, expired imnoticed at midnight Sunday—without a spending program for the fiscal year beginning July 1. As a result Gov. Edmund G. Brown called the election - year Legislature into still another special session—this time on bis ^.7 billion money bill. Formal action re-introducing the bill is e-xpected this week. LitUe legislation, fiscal or otherwise, was approved by the lawmakers m the budget ses sion. Still to be resolved are such explosive issues as educa tional financing and the split of tidelands oil revenues with Long Beach. Partisan outbreaks in the Assembly and a Senate-Assembly squabble over how many votes are needed for a budget to be approved the first time accounted for the deadlock. MacArthur suffered his latest medical setback when surgeons found it necessary to remove eight feet of his lower intestine to relieve a sudden flareup of an old hernia condition. The surgery was performed only six days after JIacAr- thur's spleen had been re moved in a six-hour emergency operation last Monday to stop heavy internal bleeding. MacArthur first underwent surgery on March 6, shortly af ter he entered Walter Reed, for removal of his gall bladder and gall stones to alleviate a jaun dice condition. Alaska begins rebuilding quake shattered towns ANCHORAGE, Alaska (UPI) —The monumental task of re building earthquake - scattered communifies of southern Alaska moved forward today, spurred by President Johnson's order that "everything necessary" be done. Even as the digging out got underway in 18-degree temperatures, a damaging new quake rocked the far Aleutian Islands. At least 57 persons were reported dead and 51 missing in Friday's killer quake and tidal waves. Another 12 were dead and 18 missing in California and Oregon coastal areas. The While House at Johnson City, Tex., reported that the quake had caused fewer casual- tics than bad at first been feared, but considerably great er property damage. "The President's view is that everything necessary must be done," Press Secretary George E. Reedy told newsmen. Reedy, commenting on the basis of reports to Johnson by Director Edward A. McDermott of the Office of Emergency Planning, said Alaska's major industry, fishing, had suffered devastating damage to docks, processing plants and canneries. This means, according to McDermott, we will have to anticipate a very lengthy time in which the wage earners of Alaska will be without income from normal sources of livelihood," Reedy said. Reedy said Johnson had instructed McDermott "to proceed as rapidly as possible" to pre pare relief programs for the stricken 49th state.. Crews dug through rubble in half a dozen Alaska communities for other victims. It was feared that scores of Aleut na tives in isolated villages were kiUed. Martial law w-as declared in paralyzed Kodiak, struck by two tidal waves Friday night. Seward's shoreline looked as if it had been bombed. National Guardsmen turned out with bayonet - lipped rifles to prevent looting in several towns. Another 10 persons were killed and 15 were missing in Crescent City, Calif., struck by tidal waves Saturday. Three children were missing, and one was dead from a family trapped by a wave at Depoe Bay, Ore. A fisherman was swept out to sea at Klamath, Calif. McDermott estimated damage at $500 million after flying over the disaster scene. Massive fed eral aid would be needed, he said. It was not knoHH how much of the damaged property was covered by insurance. Start ts Rebuild But pioneer - spirited Alaskans were undaunted. In Anchorage, where building- lined streets collapsed 30 feet, electrician John Shepp said: This tov.T\ will come back — bigger and better. You can count on it." Bulldozers churned down a quake-created ramp 20 feet be­ low street level in Anchorage, crunched through the dirt push ing overturned cars, office desks and other furniture. Demolition crews used crane to start tearing down the |five-story J. C. Penney building where at least three persons were killed Friday. Clothes, lamps, sofas, racks of dresses and fomiture slid down the tailing floors through gaping holes on upper floors and crashed to the street Merchants poked through ruins of their stores, using vacuum cleaners to siphon debris from the floors in hopes of reclaiming articles of value. Fifteen miles of sidewalks were smashed and Anchorage officials estimated damage to municipal utilities and pubh'c works alone at $35 million. Quake Strikes Aleutians A rolling, shuddering quake almost as severe as Good Friday's killer tremor struck late Sunday in the extreme south west of the foggy, remote Aleutian Islands. Amateur radio reports from an unidentified military base at the tip of the islands reported widespread damage to the base. Radio towers toppled and an airport nmway crumbled. But initial reports said there were' no known casualties. The Alaskan Military Command warned residents of the 49th state they could e.xpect aftershock tremors for another week. As technicians and mechanics Red Chinese again attack Khrushchev TOKYO (UPI)— Communist Chma, loosing a scathing new- attack on Premier Nikita Klirushchev, predicted today the Soviet leader's revisionist policies would land him on "the rubbish heap of history. A lengthy article in the official Peking People's Daily charged that Khrushchev is leading (he Soviet Um'on from communism to capitaUsm and denounced him as "the greatest capitulationist in history. The article, as quoted by China News Agency, told the Soviet Communist party it was "high time to repudiate and liquidate Khrushchev's revisionism." 'The whole history of die tatorship of the proletariat tells us that peaceful transition from capitalism to socialism is impossible," the Peking attack said. "However, there is al ready the established precedent for the peaceful evolution of so cialism back into capitalism. Now Khrushchev's revisionism is leading the Soviet Union on along this road." Medical aid report revealed WASHINGTON (UPI) - The govemment reported today that 156,800 Americans received help in January under the medical assistance for the aged program at a cost of about $31 million. The Department of Health, Education and Welfare said this was 6,600 more than the previ ous month and a 34 per cent in crease from Januarj-, 1953. The federal-state program is designed to help low-income older persons meet health care costs. Snowstorm cancels Easter egg roll WASINGTON (UPI)- The White House Easter egg roll never got off the mark today. Officials cancelled the child's delight when a spring snow storm dumped more than three inches of snow on the south lawn of the White Hjuse. John Glenn pulls out of Senate race SAN ANTONIO, Te.\. (UPI)Astronaut Emeritus John H. Glenn Jr., who made three or bits around the earth with no injury worse than a skinned knuckle, withdrew from the U. S. senatorial race in Ohio today because of a fall in his bathroom, Glenn, 42, hurt his head in the faU Feb. 26. Showing all of his 42 years, Glenn announced from a hospital bed today that his doctors advised "that I discontinue any plans for activiUes for at least the next several months." His opponent in the May Democratic primary in Ohio was Sen. Stephen M. Young, 74. Glenn did not endorse Young's candidacy because of his own withdrawaL Throughout a news conference, Glenn's wife, Annie, sat on a hospital bed at bis side. Her eyes were moist, but she said nothing. Glenn read a statement, which he described as "most regretful" as he lay flat on his back in bed—where he had been since Feb. 26, when he suffered a severe head injury when he sUpped in the bath room at his home in Columbus, Ohio. Glenn announced his withdrawal at a news conference in Willord Hall Hospital at Lackland Air Force Base. The veteran spaceman, obviously disappointed, said he would send a telegram immediately to Ohio Secretary of State Ted Brown asking that his name be removed fi^m the ballot for the May 5 Democratic primary. Glenn said he felt there was no chance that he would be nominated either as a result of (Continued on Page 7) Alaska disaster worst calamity to hit a state WASHINGTON (UPI) - Sen. Ernest Gruenmg, 77. D-Akska, said today that earthquake-rav aged Alaska had suffered the "worst calamity" to hit any state in the nation's history. The former territorial governor of Alaska told the Senate that a massive federal relief program was needed to help put the northern state back on its feet. "It's too much for any state" he said. Gruening and Sen. E. Bart- lelt. D-Alaska, just returned from an inspecUon of Alaskan communities shattered by the earthquake and tidal waves. They consulted with Assistant Republican Leader Thomas H. Kuchel, R-Calif., and Sen. Wayne Morse, D-Ore., whose states also had been damaged. "There has to be a package legislation aimed directly as this type of catastrophe," Gruening said. Bartlett said the nation would have to decide whether "Alaska is worthwhile or whether it is to he written off." "Alaskans arc extremely re luctant to be placed in the position of asking to be bailed out," he said. "But here there is no other way." In his Senate speech, Gruening outlined to sympathetic colleagues the extent of the destruction of homes, stores, schools and mdustries seen on the fast-moving tour of the dis- (Continued on Page 7) Quake probably started in Fairweather Fault BERKELEY, Calif. (UPI) — someone has run a knife Scientists trying to determine the cause of the massive Alaskan earthquake suspect it orig mated in the Fairweather Fault, one of the many cracks that mar the structure of the earth. Seismologists at the University of California said Sunday the quake was, in simple terms, an "underground rebound" caused by strain or pressure. The theory that the quake started in the Fairweather Fault was backed up by the fact that the epicenter, or heart, of the quake was pinpointed at Yakutat Bay, about 350 miles southeast of Anchorage on the Alaskan coast. The fault begins in the bay and runs for several hundred miles along the coast. The quake apparently occurred from 30 to 60 miles beneath the earth's surface, they said. The scientists said the quake could be compared to the quivering of a lump of jelly. Assume the earth is jelly and through it The cut would be a fault. Strain sets the jelly into mo- fion, either deepening the cut or closuig it In either case, the motion spreads through the jel ly. causing it to quiver. Thus the earth shook and Alaskans experienced the sickening sensation of the earth in moUon. Seismologists were in Alaska taking hundreds of photographs and measurements in an at:tempt to determine the exact cause. To measure the mtensity of a quake, seismologists use the scale developed by Dr. Charles Richter of the California Institute of Technology. The scale is based on the logarithm of the distance a needle is moved by a quake. The scale is numbered from 1 upward. Each number on the scale represents a shock 10 times greater than the preceding number. arrived to restore services, rescue imifs and medical teams fanned out through the SOO-mile coastal arc ripped by more than 10 million times the force of an atomic bomb to minister to the injured and prevent typhoid epidemics. Food kitchens fed the homer less and even bowUng alleys were turned into hotels to shelter them firom the cold. Ther« were 2,000 homeless in Anchorage alone. The quake caused "a tremendous economic impact... many will never recover." said Alaska Commerce Commissioner Abe Romick. The Alaskan economy had been shaky even before the quake. Kodiak and Seward appeared to have been hardest hit by the wrenching upheaval. Planes flew 50 Seabees from Point .Alugu, Calif., to Kodiak, joinmg 102 sent there Sunday. A tidal wave hurled fishing boats into the heart of towns on ^ Kodiak Island. Enture coastal villages were smashed. A helicopter pilot reported sighting seven bodies floating offshore. The new quake Sunday night registered almost 7 on the Richter quake scale—compared with . 8.5 for the Friday tremor. Officials said it would be weeks, possibly months, before the full number of casualties was known and the damages completely determined. The towns of Kodiak and Seward appeared to have been worst hit by the rolling, wrenching upheaval. Officials said they doubted any new danger from tidal waves. Technically, such waves are seismic, not caused by tides, despite the commonly accepted description of them. Hundreds of tons of goods, supplies, tools, electrical generators and medical supphes, including water purification tablets, were being shuttled into Elmendorf Air Force Base at battered Anchorage. Casualties included 31 known dead at Valdes, 11 at Kodiak. 12 in Anchorage, eight in Seward and one at IVhittier. This was the scene at major, points of devastation: Anchorage: A city of 100.000. Most downtown office buildings ruined or severely damaged. One store sunk so far in a fissure only its roof showed on the buckled street level. The modem residential community of Turnagain a shambles, homes carried off their foundations by a massive slide. Seward: A town of 2,000. In the words of presidential aide McDermott: "Awful, awful." Smoke still rose from the blackened remains of a dozen waterfront oil storage tanks. The shoreline looked as though it' had been bombed. About 50 freight cars lay scattered like . a child's toy trains, twisted track roping into the sea. Kodiak: A town of 2,600 on an island. It's famed crab and salmon canneries shattered, power cut off. Buildings from the town floating as far as two miles at sea. Aleut native villages on Kodiak Island cleared of residents. Vaccines, blankets, other medical supplies being rushed in. Portable generators sent in by the Navy and a Navy tender steaming from Puget Sound to set up as a hospital and control center for the battered Kodiak region. Valdez: Population 1.220. The waterfront looks as though it was sawed off. Docks shattered; homes snapped from foimda- tions and shredded into kind-' ling. Nevertheless, life went on. People went to Easter Sunday services wearing parkas and (Continued on Page 5) How quake felt 11 stones up EDITIR'S NOTE: Two years ago, Alice Shoemaker, 28, came to Alaska from New York. If was a pleasant life— until Friday. Here is her sfory. By ALICE SHOEMAKER As Told Tc UPI ANCHORAGE, Alaska (UPI) —I was alone, I guess that was the worst part. It didn 't stop and it didn't stop, it just went on and rolled me around the floor like a ball. I was in my 11th floor apartment No. 1106 on L Street when the quake struck. I came home from work and was getting ready to go out to eat. I was running a bathnb of water and had set out my clothes. First there was a slight shake and I didn't think much about it since they're fairly common here. Tbea it got worse. The water slopped.out of the bathtub and ran all over the living room floor. All the kitchen utensils, groceries in the cabinet books and everything roUed back and forth across the floor with me as I (cU down and rolled. The worst thing about it was the violence, the complete loss of control over everything. The plaster began to crack and there was a noise of creakingj and groaning. The stove was in the middle of the living room. When the wall began to ^ve, I thought that was it I thought "I'm 11 floors up and can't get out" I thought "Oh God! Help me. Help me!" Finally, when it quit, I opened the door and a woman was ly- mg in the hall holding her baby and screaming. Finally she got up. My only thought was to get down those 11 floors and get out of the building. All the lights were out. I ran to the stairwell. When I opeuta uie door I could see by the dim light coming in through the window a heap of children and their mothers lying in the landing below. They were sobbing and cry. ing. I guess they tried to get out too soon and were pitched downstairs by the shock. I made it out ateng with the rest of the people in the building. I came back to my place later. It was a mess, water all over. I just threw some dry things that were hanging in a ctoset into a suitcase and left

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