Evening Star from Washington, District of Columbia on February 28, 1894 · Page 3
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Evening Star from Washington, District of Columbia · Page 3

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Wednesday, February 28, 1894
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SPECIAL NOTICES. Mr. J1. Be (lamaerkto hMv aagm6 ao w bl Mockd11 Year Dphgaphie apgaratms and intertal to t Nb.. Frn ave. mw., all pmr... laving claim agaima the mM 5. 3. CAinbr1.i wllgra~ the amm without d la. VIlAhDnwIR ffll 31 . lrz Rk. Jr., Aae*s. mm5-a 014th et. am. T~t."-10 lu.r of the Spliag has the spies of aged or wooda rim@6 direct or tag n gina. chokce of miii.. or tins. although th boding oamcfybmu tie the d y ihe atreugy fo-t tes s qce ahow ripirt. Gues. WHICH it 1? AW NANWIHin as. Oied with that hind .f tire. Amyou sees the lass moelst? r GSS & imuaY MPG. 00.. 1dl 1i 14th ant awe. waah., D.C. o = ..~a 1. nws"oworkmi s *ha/~l Zhb Y.esm. and by ples. Wtmaabe Pms 3eaaat 9Streo/rtoye 10 Pe east OR all Tre..eragm. rePaiesee. Tben yen har. a.mehto to live for. L AD TAI Dan 3OOM nt W. IL TAP1a' Jewelry sture am 5th it. aw., ad wield t h a * m y o l t m .a n . . c a ll th e r e s a d m at-ar s m 'C A K L f 6 mi. ma P Jmpwriow run WU~il SAVf bom the bre, ad ase left with Jobs R. Majinr. OW. Ta and G t mavwe h., i all mres tam be eaned w11l we e.mew bsins. . L. WUUAIIS a 00. Oil-b W2m011*t D. C, l.. 21. 11 web ,art 4g a hersb. eat sbtwi.u j eme adWv A.Ca bdg .Jo- - a& t. 23T 4% .mwi "atML olter tim. riche." That's the Ulu ilbimraaae L. better than avin MUMi. Tow w p that if be were cati aN t. " .w. ~t~ft aa a.nnd motatetat in .etfScl (orwlts ta. is mU. Cha. L A1 AIGAL Mmino- OH Tin FlOCheums ref the Clumba Hallway 0... for the Beatlem. of~a se ? rectme a the anu ' ilbe hd at the r~e Vf the eaUI Notetaartheast. TVJ~A1.!rr 13t Nk atheT 1 will be g.eed at 1 and ohmdat eciabD.. Hoedh be the tea ', of cbse will be awj bong Merckb 5 t March * Vp Q~t A 3. hAI 5-1Y. U~~~amb105111 HS anttIS-ll . mw. maWl3r.T TO max N B ~ 233uwuI0 A?. Isasr a u inves ratesof iata t01eMl. l1 in 1r/.1.ea 111 aat a T. ~lafMAS RI1OT2ISIS 6 MTL. se. Are. ear. 12th sit. ad Pa. are. S.W. to III 12th at awe, bet. a and H. toT-Ia 25 115 4IS a TED NUNN= QF POSRT Ls f-~ hae and what I wit baed then. be This is to mUq the peblic that Jds Wlier ga t'damJ~ba Wtiser& Q . ure esgl no tM salw .[the Cu. imbba 51sp On. dm1... in awl, woof am boom aa~rho1 n wil auan lbilute 4A ail dots bem the OuiaMbi Supply we have Sanee the escs at the mom set eaer 4C 10h ad T eta. ave., bemely sccupled Atorkmgew bemlab bied to 'the pabti at wille plrim am at dgami toft thetow. Comt r bee huog. a yea Wil sae mmwhe ie Andan Ie Oa wil he 1r5-1sJOSNt ILI ! CO. S i lifut aaO t 1M wOueaw Hz0 mSe i me w u im d to robse. itoa. 11 t . . ame-tm a Ts. mmu a11t. 1"?~m~a. sisfa. 4J& Aa e ads the co h~w asbm thlI - moud. -seoa J. MAU3TDUOIV~"sIanw 1s Si I .w. mo 25 aat. ave.: 1015 i eat awe Ihagryowe weathert. bei ber the Dimicrt of 61ehbla aid vichity-ibir. ihvt"wd Cash, -And Cash Only, Will Buy Nft& Nora Cho .1 $6.oo Vmu Clinr North 21.0~ the best se now made. per I1-l. $1 . bet.. .......... 0C or th . andi Nm 2 Y. Ave-. 11 s_>i SPECIAL NOTICES. "Yes, It's Lent" -ad whats a a tel.-anat go the tbater-ta's eat anthn area-set to live a Oak and orsters. thbest et It, oul mar-Net se bad a it las - DriNk To-man Gl ablis or Bauterne with year oysters and ubh and life will have sew chns for you. Only $4 ease of 12 qal. Phane as for a came. To-KalonWine Co.,614 14th "Plaus N. Valta 2th and K is. a.w. .Eo The Best Writing Fluids are KNEE All klnb-in all styles of bottlesany quastitles. We also keep in , onreitent ir la4 and small bottles, LIBRARY 57We handle all kinds of OFWICE and LIBRARY SUPPLIE at prices wonderfully low. Easton & Rupp, 421 iith, Faiar-Priced Stationers. iJust above the avenue.) Madeof Pure Hopsand Malt addr te eaagl elofthe court at Munich. "A"!INCH' R A'''AF BERt (Munich court brew) is famous the world over for its and mediclial qualitles. On dra t aid bottle. HERS. Pts. 81 dos.. qts. dos. Families appleLd. C7Write or telephone. Fritz Reuter, Pa.Av.&4. St. Don't Put It Off. Seed y.r --m cloth.." HERE and have them eleaned, pressed and made "genteel" NOW, and thus save the cost of new ones. Suits, 1. Coats, SOc. Trousers and Vesta, 2c. each. ahH , DYEING AND205 9Th ST.. W. ng CLEANING, 'Phone. 143-'. fe26 Increase Your Business. It can be deoe-at small es , o. My PATENT TYPRIW1TEN are effective in every case because they are read. The et is oay a alight advance above ordinary "eirculais. Ter d de. .eeinem. Byron S. Adams, Printer, 513 11Th ST. N.W. ife2S Teleph.e 930. Paper Cover Novels. To close them out quickly, all paper novel Is stork are marked HALF PRICE. There ia bfg line of them here, by the best anThe very choicest reading. 1{ JOHN C. PARKER, 617415 7th st. Special--6 Bottles of White Wine for $i. H. A. Seligson, 1200 Pa. av. It Is "How Good" -and n't a question of "'how high" with the anufaceturers of Old Itellable Berkeley Whisky when purchasing the imiedliets that eempoeo it. No parerno moetber--or more encaclous amedietal whisky an the market. 1 et; Jas. Tharp, 812 F St. fe27 Twenty-five Cents Omnibus e from Washlagtea to Georgetown a half centry ago but your respected ancestors Set to the .11 +rlinble GEORGETOWN DYU WORES WWeO has costinued at the old stand, and Is up with the ties today. Work ealled fir and dallvered. W. B. WHEATLEY, I20 Jeesar ave.. Georgetown, D. 0. Tel. eol 76-4. n17-4m) 1 Etabilshed 11031. REAL ESTATE DEALS. A Trade lavewiag a Handsome Amsent-A Fine Residence Site. Messrs. Pitney & Bradford. real estate brokers, have sold for Stilson Hutchins to George H. La Tetra for 1110.000 lots 13, 14 and part of 15, square 222, 70x131 feet on south side of H street between 14th and 15th streets. known as the old Jefferson club house, now the Elamere. Mrs. Rines will continue under her lease. The same firm has also sold to George H. La Fetra for Stilson Hutchins for $70,)01 lot 21 an& part 22 square 252, fronting 63.11 feet on 13th street and 75 feet on H street. beIng the ieathwest corner 13th au-d H streets northwest. It is possible that an apartment hots will be erected on this latter site. Mr. J. Gelselman of St. Paul has purchased fren Mr. Henry A. Willard a lot on K street between 13th and 14:h streets, where he litende te erect a handsome residence. Phote-Eeehanieni Relief Engraving. Mr. Koehler's lecture at the National Museum last evening began with a vent Interesting discussion of the half-tone procase of photography. This method of .photographing, which is used to obtain reproductens of drawings or previously taken photographs from nature or from life, can only be done by breaking up the structureless rays of the picture or drawing which it is desired to reproduce and substituting pritable rays therefor. The manner In which this is accomplished, by taking a negative through a screen, was explained at considerable length, and the defects of the m whereby we are unable to produe a and the values of other colors are greatly changed were pointed out, together with an explanation of the way to resedy quch defects by retouching. Whil, this process faithfully reproduces the or1al. there Is no trace of art in it, and the prints taken thereby lack expresdion and are consequently underrated by artists. They have the advantage of cheapnema, heeever, and are seen nearly everywhere now. The photo-ttaglio process wasn next taken up, and the method of making carbon photographs described. The plate for printing by this process is prepared by covering it with a dim of carbon and gelatine and exposing It under a negative and washing away the portions of the film that are unacted upon, after which It is etched In the ordinary manner, the only precaution that hs necessary to be taken being that a nonvaporoms mordant must be used. The press tsed hs a simple copper plate press. The next lecture, to be delivered on Friday evening, will have for its subjects the "Caflographic Processes." photo-lithography and the Woodburytype. Clhatangna Cirele. The Chantauq'na circle of Dumbarton M. E. Church met last evenlny at the residence of Mrs. SamL. Persey, t1.W. Q street. Among those present were Miss Bersie Miller. Mr. and Mrs* Frisby, Miss Bourard, Mrs. E. N. Smith, Mrs. S. N. Paul,. Mrs. E. Waugh, Miss Annie Broeke, Miss Ella Cunningham, Miss CordelIa Jackson, Mr. and Mrs. J. Fred. Gatchel, Messrs. Reymond Lewis, Mrs. Eastlark and Mr. Enoch Gatchel. A vote of thanks sas tendered Rev. Dr. Elliott for having taken charge of the clams during the past year. Prof. Frisby wasn elected to Sll his place, Tere Defendants Exenerated. To the Uditor et The emiug Star: Your record of the courts of Monday evening, February 26, contains the following lines: "Circuit Court, Division 2, Chief Justice Bingham. Today--Heald, administrator, agt. Metmerott et al.; verdIct for plaintif, 12,!500." Such a verdict was rendered, but only against three of the defendants, namely, Mr. F. B. Metxerott, Mrs. Metsgrott and Mr.W.S.Plager, while at the same time a verdict was rendered in favor of two other defendants, namely, myself and Mr. Neeff, thus exonerating us of any re.nnmathlnity in the affair. FRANCIS R. FAVA, Jr. One ndred and Four Years Old. The death of Mrs. Sarah Brooks occurred yesterday morning. The deceased had reached the advanced age of 104 years. The funeral services will be held tomorrow morning at 9 o'clock at St. Benedict'. Chapel, E street between 3d and 4th streets southeast. She leaves two dlaughtars, Mrs. Roes and Mrs. Flora Wood. THE COURTS. Equity Court, Division No. 1, Judge Cox. Yesterday-Moulton agt. the United States Security, Life Insurance and Trust Company: injunction dissolved and bill dismissed. Bresnahan agt. Gebhard; action of Trustee Clark approved. Moore agt. Bone; commissIon to get testimony in To - ronto, Canada, ordered to issue. Equity Court, Division No. 2. Justice Hagner. Yesterday-Von Stamp agt. Balloch; argument concluded and came submitted. Dana. agt. Kimball; order directing clerk to receive money. Hornback agt. Hornback; domurrer sustained with leave to amend. Waite agt. Waite et al.; order pro confesso against certain defe-ndants. Circuit Court, No. 1, Judge Bradley. Yesterday-J. A. Boyd agt. Ward's Alderney Milk Producers and Consumers' Association; judgment of condemnation. Brooke & Harry agt. M. A. Guy; motion to quash writ of attachment granted and appeal noted. Mary Lewis was fotund sick at 11th and L streets northwest at 6 o'clock this morning ESCAPING THE ROPE A Murderer Cheats the Gallows by Poisoning HimselL THREE DEUCES WORTH $35.000 Senate Quo Warranto Proceedings at Trenton. AN ALLEGED dOALITION CmEATING THE GALLOWS. A Murderer Poisens Himaself With Powdered Match Heads. CARLISLE, Pa.. Feb. 28.-Charles Salyards, who was sentenced to be hanged tomorrow morning for the murder of Policeman Martin, attempted to commit suicide this morning. Salyards was taken violently ill this morning, and when the jail physician was called he found that the condemned man had' toen a mixture of matchheads and vinegar. In a cup which he had concealed in his room Salyards bade still another preparation which he. intended to use In case the match-heads and vinegar failed to kill. Upon examinatiem it was found to be glass and rust from iron bars which he had pounded together almost as fine as flour. The death swatch wh h had been placed upon the prisoner has eretofore been on the outside bf the cell, but since his attempt at self-destruction this morning ..the watch has taken up his position on the inside of the cell. There Is little hope of saving Salyards' life, and his threats that he would eventually cheat the gallows seem to have been correct. TDREW THREE DEUCES. And the Threw Was good for 93000 !er Miles Platen. ST. PAUE' Minn.. Feb. 28"-A special dispatch from Helena, Mont., to the Pioneer Press says: Miles 'Pinien. yesterday won 385,000 in a game of dice. Recently Gen. C. 8. Warren, secuied an option on a mining claim for $15,000. Yesterday Finlen effered him 310,000 for his bargain, $25,000 for the mine. Warren demanded 150,000. Finlen proposed a game of dice whether hb take the option off Warren's bands at 315,000 or pay Warren $50,000. Warten agreed. lie threw a pair of fives. Finlen threw three deuces and won $35,000. AS IT WAS DONE IN '44. Tetam#y eis to the Organisation of the New lersey' Senate. TRENTON. N. L., Feb. 28.-The first witness before the supreme court commissioners this. mornng In the senate quo warranto proceedings was Daniel Dodd, who testified that he reported for the Newark Advertiser the proceedings of the constitutional .convention of 1844. He remembered the debate relative to the terms of the senator. He was confident that nothing was said about the senators of last year having any privilege over those elected the year of meeting. He recalled the debate on fixing the terms of me=ato's, which was finally made three years. The witness was secretary of the senate which met right after the convention. The minutes were produced and Mr. Dodd read from them the proceedings. They brought out the fact that the senators were all sworn in and then took part in the organisation. The senators were all elected that year. Tbh witness was also secretary of the senate in 1846. He again read from the minutes and testified besides that 'all the senators were called to order by himself and voted for the president pro tempore. There were some credentials presented and were received by a. vote of all the senators. Nothing was said as to the older senators having any preferences or unusual privileges. Mr. DoM! also told of the organsation of the senates of 18 and eT1 and declared that in every instace :the entire senate voted on the credeatlal, of the senators. elect, and nothing was ever said about there being any difference.ip the senators. In the cross-examination the witness stated that the vote on the reception of the credentials was viva voce and be could not say that every individual voted, though the vote was so put that all had the opportunity to do so. The witness was asked about a particular senator-elect and said he acted precisely the same during the temporary organisation as after the permanent organization. Mr. Gray, in his redirect examination, produced from the minutbs the cases of several senators-elect 'and had the witness testify that they participated in the proceedings of the senate and took part in the organization before their own credentials were presented. He particularly mentioned Senator-elect Hnlm'of Burlington, who presented the- credentials of another' senator and voted- for a tepRpordry chairman before his own were presented, Mr. McDermott asked If credentlale presented by a messenger boy would have been reeelved In' those days. The witness replied, that they would not, but a senator-elect conld present his credentials 'and he was -an official as soon as elected. TO CARRY. AfAmAMA. Capt. IKeib Said to Rave Deen Conferring With Republieam Leaders. LOUISVILLE, Ky., Feb. 2.-A special dispatch .to the Courier Journal from Birmingham, Ala., says: A well-founded report comes from Washington that- the visit of Capt. Reub~en F. Kolh, candidate for governor of Alabama, to that city a few days ago resulted i'i a well-definet scheme between him and J~rominent republican and populist leaders to make a united effort to carry Alabama in the coming State elaction. It is known that Kolb was closeted with Senator Chandler an-1 others. It is not denied that his follow-irs obtained republican friends two years ago through Chris Mag..e. It Is claimed that Koib succeedied in his errand to Washington ani will again have republican sid. It is also saidl that a plan was hatched up to plaae Kola on the national populist tickett in 1896, What Senator Chandler Says, Senator Chandler said to a Star reporter this afternoon that he could not say anything about Mr. Koib personally or of his movements of late. "But,"' he added, "I can say this, that the republicans of the Senate. or rather a number of the party leaders here, think that they see in the Kolb movement in Alabama a tendency toward a free ballot and a fair count, honest elections and protective tariff for the south, and they are glad to give to the Kolb party in Alabama and to similar parties in the south the encouragement of approval. I can say no more than this now. From what has been represented to us during the pant two weeks there Is everything to make'it plain that we should give these people our confidence. There han been no party action, I may say, and none will probably be taken." The Missing Student Returns. Mr. Dingens, the mimsing Cornell sophomore, arrived at Ithaca, N. Y., from Syracuse yesterday morning. He stated that he had no connection with the banquet tragedy and that he is going to prove an allbi. Ise explained his absence from Ithaca by stating that he had received a telegram from his home in Buffalo to come at once to his sister, who is an invaild. He went, and on his way back was seized, he says, with an attack of an old complaint, which originated several year. ago an a resuit of a fall from a bicycle. He then proceeded to Syracuse to consult his family physician. He furthier declares that during his treatment the doctor refused to allow him to read any newspapers, and that, therefore, he remained In ignorance of the charges alleged against him. Te Opem Reeervations. The question of opening the Utntah and Uncompahgre reservations in Utah to settlement is under consideration by Acting Secetary of the Interior SIms. The amount of land involved is estimated at 4,000,000 acres, which are rich In valuable minerals, and there are 41400J acres of asphajtimn lands. A SINGER'S SUDDEN DEATH. Mme. Patey, the Eaglish Ceatralte, Falats and Passe Away. LONDON. Feb. 2.-Madame Janet ach Patsy, the distinguished contralti singer, died at Sheffield today. Mme. Patey was closing at Sheffield a tour of the provinces, and last night, after singing unusually well, was twice recalled and sant "The Banks of Allan Water." After leaving the stage Madame Patey fainted, and never regained consciousness. Madame Pater was born in London in 1842. and made her debut at Birmingham. In 1867 she. sang at the Worcestet festival, and in 1871 made a professional tour of the United States. While she was singing the last lines of "The Banks of Allan Water" she was suddenly seen to lean over the piano, and she finished the song in this position, the closing words being: "There a corse lay she." The last lines of "The Banks of Allan Water," which were being sung by Madame Patey with her dying breath, are: ".By the banks of Allan Water, When the wintry snow fell fast. Still was seen the miller's daughter. Chilling blew the blast, But the miller's lovely daughter Both from cold and care was free; By the side of Allan Water, There a corse lay she." Mme. Patsy was formerly Miss Whytock, and was married in 1866 to Mr. John George Patey, an opera singer of prominence. Meat Inspeetion at Chieage. BERLIN, Feb. 28.-At a meeting of the Farmers' League Prof. Mueller and Herr Werner, director of the agricultural high school, denounced the manner in *hich American meats were inspected. The two experts referred to said that they based their judgment upon personal studies made in Chicago. It is probable that the government will take action upon the reports of Prof. Mueller and Director Werner. To Beesme African Colemists. HAMBURG. Feb. 28.-Fifteen men, forming a pioneer expedition to the free land colony of Africa, left this port today for Zannbar. FRENCH ANARCMISTS ARRSTEU. A seab With a Half-msre" Puse Feun at Prague. PARIS, Feb. 28.-Tbe police today arrested ten more anarchists. PRAGUE, Feb. 28.-A glass pear-shaped bomb was found today outside the loan office. The bomb contained gunpowder and nails, and had a small half-burned fuse attached to it. DISTR.CT'S REALTE. Goed Lesal showtg During the Fast Week. According to the weekly report of the health officer the health conditions of the city continue on the line of improvement. The large decrease in the death rate week before last was followed by a still further decline. There were eighty-seven deaths as against ninety as shown by the previous report. During the same period of time a year ago 129 deaths occurred, with a death rate of 23.8 for each thousand of population. The rate for last week was 15.8. equal to a difference of ten per thousand, and which represents a saving of over twenty-eight hundred lives per annum. No death from either typhoid fever or influenza was reported. The latter. malady may be said to have so far disappeared as to no longer be a source of apprehension. Diphtheria is also on the wane, there having been but six new cases reported,with two deaths therefrom.throughout the whole District. Diseases of the kidneys continue to form a considerable percentage of the fatalities. It would be a matter of valuable scientific interest were the apparent relations between this class of ailments and the Influenza investigated with a view to discover if the latent causes of many of. the cases had not a common origin. Sporadic cases of whooping cough and scarlatina still occur, but as is the case with all the symotic diseases, showing a declining tendency. Nearly one-fourth of dll the deaths occurred In hospitals, with Infant mortality at the normal. It is safe to say that with a death rate so remarkably low as 15.8 for the total population the general health of the city of Washington Is very good inThe detailed report dows: Number of deaths, .87; white, 46; colored, 41. Death rate per 1,600 per annum: White, 12.2: colored. 2.1. Total population, 15.8. Thirtyfour Were under five years of age, 25 were under one year old, and 19 over sixty years. Twenty-one of the deaths occurred in hospitals and public institutions. The deaths by classes were as follows: Zymotic, 10; constitutional, 17; local, 50; developmental, 7; violence, 3. The principal causes of death were: Diphtheria, 2; consumption. 12; diarrhoeal, 1; scarlet fever, 1; pneumonia, 13; congestion of the, lungs, 2; bronchitis, 3; whooping cough. 1; kidney diseases, 6; meningitis, 1; cancers, 1. Births reported: Twenty-nine white males, 32 white females, 18 colored males, 19 colored females. Marriages reported: Eleven whit. t.n colored. Still births reported: Four whits, 6 colored. 3T3IKING HIGH. Prepeeitien te Investigate a Labeor Decision ef Justlee Brewes's. Following the effort to investigate the action of Judge JenkIns in his decision against labor in the case of the Northern Pacific railroad comes a proposition by Representative Somers to Investigate Ia: bor decisions of other judges, including one member of the Supreme Court of the United States. The title of the resolution to investigate the action of Justice Brewer is "To investigate the circumstances attending the decision In the case of the United States against Kane In the United States circuit court for the district of Colorado." The resolution specifies that a report shall be made to the House, "Whether In any of said matters or things the Hon. David J. Brewer, judge of said court, exceeded his jurisdiction, abused the powers or' process of maid court, or oppressively exercised the same or used his office as judeto Intimidate or wrongfully restrain te employes of any railroad or the officers of labor organlsations."' The other investigations-requested are of the action of Judge William H. Taft of the circuit court of the northern district of Ohio In issuing injuncticas In the case of the Toledo, Ann Arbor and North Michigan railroad against the Pennsylvania company; of the action of Judge Elmer S. Dundy of the' district of Nebraska In the case of Oliver Ames and others against the Union Pacific raIlroad on January 27, 1394: the action of Judge James H. Beatty in the case of the Coeur d'Alene Mining Company against the Miners' Union of Wardner, Idaho. July 11, 1802; the action of Judge D. A. Pardee of the circuit court of the northern district of Texas In AprIl, 1886, In the matter of Higgins et al., and of Judge Augustus Ricks of Ohio, in the Ann Arbor case. These cases all Involve the rights of laboring men to strike and the decisions which are cafled In question extend over a term of years. Representative Somers said concerning the resolution: "I represent the district in which, Judge Jenkins lives. The judiciary committee is awaiting an opportunity to present a favorable report on the resolution to Investigate,- the action of Judge Jenkins In enjoining railroad employes. My resolution seeks to broaden that investigation so that it will show what other judges have decided. I have had no consultation with Judge Jenkins, but it has seemed unfair that he should be singled out for a congressional Investigation when other judges have made similar decisions. The investigation may disclose that the decisions have gone too far, Int which case It may be necesmary to modify the law. The resolutions will relieve the Investigation of all political significance, as Mr. Jenkins is a dlemocrat and the judges named In my resolutions are republicans. I hope to have the judiciary contmilttee and the House consolidate all the investigations," Marriage LI~ses Marriage licenses have been Issued by the clerk of the court to the following: Frederick Gregory and Margaret Cregley; Chas. W. Bird and Mary S. Jones; Michael F. Brennan and V. Mae McGill; Archie Flynn and Annie McAleer; Lawrence Wood and Martha R. King; Luther F. Butler and Geneva J. Ellis: Joseph Carroll and Amelia Dora Martin; Henry W. Traylor of Petersburg, Va., and Mary Garner of Baltimore, M4. Great Britain has spent 36,795,000,000 In TROLLEY DANGERS The Great Modern Boaster Boasted by an Expert. EL > n? iJ.H. VAILOTHETROLLEY Continuation of the Important Convention of Electric Lighters. THE UNDERGROUND SYSTEMS The second day of the national electric light convention was begun this morning at 10 o'clock In Grand Army Hall, there being present about 200 members and associates of the society. The morning was devoted to a rather technical consideration of electrical cuestions, though a, paper by Mr. Vail of New York was of general interest, especially here in Washington. where the matter of rapid transit, especially lay electric motors, is receiving general attention. There was a very pleasant feature of the morning session. Yesterday afternoon the ladies, who are here with the members of the association during their convention were given a complimentary drive around the city. This morning the convention, shortly after It was called to order, was presented with a magnificent basket of roses, on which was the following legend: "The ladies accompanying the N. E. L. A.. as guests of the seventeenth convention of the bodywith some great 'dividends, nee diffidence,' expressed by President Armstrong in his opening address-ask your acceptance of this expression of their appreciation of your courtesy extended to them in a neverto-be-forgotten national drive through the city of Washington. "Tenayson has told us that 'men must work, and women must weep.' We would modestly suggest that Tennyson had the misfortune not to be acquainted with the ladles of this association, who could have assured him that 'Men will work, but never let women weep,' at least while guests of the N. E. L. A. Sincerely yours. "The wives, daughters and sweethearts of the N. E. L. A." The gift was received in a neat and eppropriate speech by President Armstrong, and then the convention continued its regular business. Mr. Vail's Paper. The first paper of the morning was read by Mr. John H. Vail, the well-known New York electrical expert, and a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and of the American Institute of Slectrical Engineers. Mr. Vall is thoroughly familar In a practical way with underground electrical systems and possesses an accurate knowledge of the various systems of electrical distribution. His paper was on' the subject, "The Importance of Complete Metallic Circuits for Electric Railways." The paper was of more direct interest to railroad people, but Kt contained many points of value more or less directly to the electric light men. Trolley Systems. Mr. Vail began his paper by a reference to the fact that in the early days of electric railway building there were two theories usually followed. One was the double overhead trolley system, affording a complete metallic circuit for the outgoing and return of all the electric current required to move the motor cars, and the other being the single trolley system, using the track and earth as a common conductor for one side of the circuit and the trolley wire and parallel mains for the opposite side. The double trolley system was found impracticable of operation in many of its details, and the single trolley, because of its simplicity and convenience, has made rapid advances in public favor. The single trolley system has depended largely upon the earth and buried pipe systems for completing the circuit. In the early days of electric railway construction it was assumed by experts that the earth and the buried pipe systems would, when combined, form an ample return for the electric current. At that age of the art experts did not fully appreciate the Immense quantities of current that would require to be carried, and therefore did not foresee that these currents when disseminated would produce the serious results that have been caused by electrolytic action on systnsap pipes buried in the earth and owned eyv oar companies. Frequent tests prow that the earth Itself cannot afford the free path for the current that was anticipated. Earth conductivity has been overestimated. Destructive System. Iron and. lead pipes, being better conductoers than earth, must of necessity carry the current, if no superior path is offered by the method of construction. The natural moisture of the earth hastens the destructive electrolytic action of the current on these pipes. In some soils electrolysis is mor' rapid than in others. The rapidity of action depends upon the chemical constituents of the soiL. It has been found that Illuminating gas leskage hastens electrolytic action. After briefly reviewing the practice of the past few years in relying upon the supposed 'ability of the earth to carry the enormous quantities of current required, Mr. Vail went on to consider the resultant effects. In the course of his paper he said: "In cities provided with electric railways destructive electrolytic corrosion is now acting upon gas and water pipes, and will Inevitably produce serious Impairment of all such underground pipe systems within a brief period, unless prompt measures are taken to prevent further damage. Within the past year strong evidence of amagingelectrolytic action has been produced.' Some shxa=pies. 'Simply for the sake of fixing the evidence on your memory, I will mention only seven instances of electrolytic action of railway currents on gas and water pipes in different cities. "'A section of Iron water pipe shows complete perforation, caused in four weeks' time. The lead covering of telephone cabiss also show serious damage. A large number of additional Items will be found in the report to board of electric subways for 1813. "A plumber in a city in Pennsylvania was repairing a water pipe in a house, and on breaking joint, an electric are formed across the separating ends of the pipe. This house was not in the direct path of the railway circuit. "Investigation followed, proving beyond question the Insuficient electric conductivity of the track system; also that the earth did not afford a good return though the tracks were well grounded. It was found that the railway current was traveling all pipe systems in its effort to complete the circuit to the dynamos in the power staItion. "Actual tests were here made by an expert, using standard instruments. From 135 readings of ampere meter It was found that the feed water pipes leading in the station carried an average current of ninetythree amperes. :Purther careful test proved that with twenty-three cars In operation on the system 40 per cent of the total current was carried on the underground pipe systems. "December 15, 1888, a fire occurred in the basement of James Sutherland's house. After being extinguished Investigation showed that the current of the electric railway system had been carried along the iron water pipe, and that probably by vibration causing the pipe to come In contact an arc formed between the water pipe and gas pipe, burning a hole through the gas pipe, and thus set fire to the ga. The house was saved by prompt action. "Tests show the electric railway current present on the water pipes. In the generating station the fireman gets a shock when he opens the furnace doors of his boiler with the bare hand. "A test recently, made by an expert engineer developed the fact of a loss of 24 per cent on the system, and a difference of twenty-five volts potential between parallel tracks opposite the power station. "Prof. Barrett, in an exhaustive report to the mayor of Chicago. states that 'this destructive action is not alone confined to the lead covering of telephone cables, but Is acting on gas and water pipes and almost all buried metal work,' and that It can only be a question of time when more disastrous results will manifest themselves. "As further and substantial evidence, I here exhibit for actual examination a section of six-Inch water main, entirely corroded through by the action of the electric current of the street railway system, which was constructed under my direction about four years ago. Serieus Dlanges', "I do not wish to create unnecessary INDE ' TO ADVE ZggUEU T. AC00CNTA'IB...........................peps it AMUSEMENTS.......................... .Pagp - ATTOR-EYS.. ..... ................ a 10 t0 AUCTION SALiM........................Page 12 DnLIARD AND POOL TABN........... Pass 10 BOARDING ----.........................pa 1s BI'FlNI S CHIANCES ....................Page 10 CITY ITEMS..- - -.......... ..........Pagp a COAL AND WOOD ........................Page 11 COt NfY REAL ESTATE ................Pam 11 DEATHS-.-................Pags DENTISTRY ---------....................Page 1 EDUCATIONAL-..-----..................Pag S EXCURSIONS. &e........................Pa p FINANCIAL....... ..................Page S FOR RENT (Fiats ...-..................Page 10 FOR RENT 4oes) .....................Page 10 FOR RENT (tiscellaneousl ............ Page 10 FOR RENT (m-e .......................Page 10 FOR RENT (Roons)......................Page 10 FOR RENT (Stables) .-...................Page 10 FOR RENT 4(tors-- ---...................Page 10 FOR RENT (Warehoae) ...................rage 10 FOR SALE (Houses) ......................Page 11 FOR SALE (Lots).........................Pa 10 FOR SALE (Miacellameous ................Page 10 FOP. SALE (Pianost ........................Page 11 HORSES AND VEiilC .................Page 10 HOTEL 5..................................page i LADIlut' GOODS .........................Page 10 LFGAL NOTI'E4 .........................Page 10 LOCAL MENTIOc........................Page a I.OST AND) FOUND......................Iage 10' MANICUIRE-.-.-............................Page 10 MEDICAL ..............................pag 10 MONEY WANTED AND TO LOAN........Page 10 NOTARIIEt P' RLAC......................Pare 11 OCEAN TRAVEI ..........................'agp 11 POTOMAC RIVER P.OATS................Page 11 PIANOS AND ORGANS...................Page 11 PElRSONAL ..............................Page 10 PROFESSIONAL..........................Page 10 PIOI AtA S.......- ...................Page t IAILROAiS..............................fage 11 SPECIAL NOTICES-....................Page 3 STORAGE...............................Page 10 St-L'itIAN PIOPERITY..................'age 10 I NDEITAKI:s..........................Page iI WANTED 41t.-p- --.......................Page 10 WANTED iHou4'.).................. .,.Page l WANTED) iltoomtO.... ...............Page 10 WANTED ESituations).....................Page 10 WANTED (M iselaneous)..................rage 10 WINTER RE|M:74 ................. ...Page 11 a grave danger confronts us and must be surmounted. Instances are numerous proving that the electric railway current Is present on the gas and water pipes in buildings contiguous to electric railway lines. Even those of us who are familiar with handling the electric current hesitate to draw a combination of electricity with our gas or water' We know that the gas and water pipes entering our houses may be charged with such a current, and that it only remains for the circuit to be completed by a possible accident through our bodies, or the occurrence of a fire by automatic action between vibrating pipes. City engineers, water companies and gas companies are placing the responsibility upon "the railway companies for the damage caused on pipes by electrolysis. "Any system using ground plates, ground rods or substitutes therefor, or bare return track wire Lburied in the earth. is constructed 'primarily to utilize the earth as return circuit; when the earth does not afford good return the current Is sure to follow the water pipes, gas pipes or other buried conduetors offering the path of least resistance. We now see that these prove to have been only makeshift methode to reduce the cost of construction. We iind that the evidence thus produced and the troubles constantly occurring in existing street railway systems are sufficdent to show that all methods of grounding the tract circuit or connecting to pipe systems should be entirely discontinued; it therefore becomes of vital importance to so construct the electrical railway system as to avoid all electrolytic action on buried systems of metal work that are the property of other concerns. "The whole case may be stated in the single sentence that the electric current must under natural laws follow the path of least resistance. What was intended to be good has proved to be defective electrical work executed in connection with track systems, has not given to that side of the system a perfect path for the travel of the current; the conductivity of the rail circuit being impaired to such an extent that the electric current must force Itself through the earth or through metal pipe lines buried therein." The 01y afety. After going with some particularity into various phases of the question. Mr. Vail went cn to Lay: "The only proper system is one that affords a well insulated and complete metallic circuit of low resistance, that will give an ample path for the complete unrestricted circulation of the entire current from pole to pole of the dynamo, thus offering no inducement for the current to follow such conductors as gas or water pipes, but, as it were. actually robbing the earth of any desire to carry the current. 1 am not recommending extravagant methods. but only such as are deemed essential for econamy, and of a practical nature for reducing expenses and augmenting dividends. The item of cost cannot properly be urged as an objection, because where the whole construction requires a large investment. ev,..y detail of the work should be so executed as to be permanent and enduring. If the details are carefully analyzed it will be found that the cost of frequent reconstruction, maintenance and renewals of rail bonds and bare wire amounts to an excessive rate of interest on original investment, and would soon pay the small additional cost to build a complete metallic circuit. The supe.ior service obtained from a complete metallic system of low resistance with the proper 'applcation of insulated track feeders will. nithin a brief period, more than refund a reasonable interest on the inves-snent through the saving of fuel alone, not counting other economies in renewals and maintenance. The track feeder system will be far less costly than the double trolley systenm. Prefers Undergreamg Wire. "Whether track feeders should bie lad underground or erected overhead Is a question largely controlled by local conditions and capital available. I express a preference for underground work as being more 'permanent and subject to the least cost for repairs. The ornginal construction is certainly more costly for unidergroun& The actual cost of copper Is the same In either. The necessity of constant repairs under existing methods, and the damage to water and gas pipes by electrolytic action, sImply proves that it is but a questIon of time as to how long befoire electric railway companies will be forced to adopt the complete metallic circuit. Where experience and practical knowledge is appli-ad the cost will not be emceessive. It is not dIfficult to arrive at an exact method of doing the work. -and an accurate estimate of its cost." Mr. Vail's paper gave rise to quite a spirited discussion, one speaker characterizing it as the most important ev-er real before the association. The speaker was subjected to a sharp cross-examination on various points that he had raised. Mr. Love of this city extended an invitation to the convention to Visit and inspect the U street railway, and spoke in high praise of the succes. of the underground systemn here. Mr. Vail replied that he agreed with all the claims raised in favor of the underground system, as he believed that to be the heat. At the same time, however, there are millions of dollars invested In railroads that could not be readily transformed. and he had simply tried to embody in his paper some suggestion. that would be of value in proposing tImely changes and improvements In these roads. Trelley Dammer'. Capt. Brophy, an insorance inspector of Boston. spoke of the danger arising froms allowing trolley companies to run loops into or power. He had opposed this condition of affairs from the beginniag, and their experience in Boston had fully convinced him that this was decidedly dangerous and should never be allowed. .Aftermeen P'regram. This part of the morning session was followed by a discussIon on the topic "Storage Batterics," opened by Mr. Brackett, and a report on the electric light tests at Buffalo, read by Mr. Charles R. Huntley. The Irogram for the afternoon and evening esuons is as follows: Paper, A. B. Herrick. "'Developmtent of Switch Boards for Siodern Central Statlons;"' topic. "What is the Moat Economical Size for Arc Dynamos." discussion, Charles R. Huntley. George A. Rtedman. E. F. Peck. G. H. Blaxter.HI.H. F'airbanks; topic, "Underground Circuits." discussion, C. H. Wilmerding. John A. Seely. H1. 3. Smith, M. J. Francisco; topic, "'How to Rate Arc Lamps," discussion, James L. Ayer. C. F. Hesser. A. J1. De Camp, E. W. Rollins. George R. Stetson, M. A. Beal. QuestLans and answer.. What is it you wish to know? Executive session. Evening session. 8 o'clock. paper. T. Commerford M~artin and Luther Stieringer. "SElectric Lighting at the World's Fair and Some of Its Lessons," illustrated with stereopticon. Over Ihlrteen Thousand Dollars, Some srnall returns are still being made to Chairman Truesdoll of the citizens' coinmnittee on canvass. The cash collected Row FINANCIAL Lfe Tontine Endowaunnt eAD.- -_nwmn p sami._ . . ... Ha You Mo to Invest? If they have met a e hse ta t tart earn YOU. a e .-pwe ws ad gon UIea nttil they .[re ee. Gl real ..tate ..... fr e.a. 3 em I. by esperte and title esamtme ti e f t lUrewagle. Iaweetmut fIlei he + h W mit aste.nb s-0181.sM actea. Ist ad metsre p.' se am m may ety on the eamtry. the ..,...e .... . .. Dew. .. a. . m to~ ly bs Mu aemember. ?D &IT GT 1*43 A 'TRST COPANY pays emeent aseai . f Is a tret esmpaay IN the Isget erem. ad . sd e he et grabet t e paa it eseretea tete ami "em ay B re...tei tret ..m......... Rtem m ker,. It . res emp tal i n owb a t 4m 1 .--- .. . ...e ipee a ,...eur e, a mittlli at the roesp Depetmt for r. es= erut) of te patamen. . Waini. rw. fey.i-tf Safe and Desirable 5 Per Cent Investments. I ye. hve a. ....e .. which yes want . beat shete It we he .a. ad .a I per eae er... widheut emguh. saw attestlm wad.. ever. pee commt de better hm 6W ri.e..t aia t s..sw. I% lIe sa aft tase au 00 -la ter. American Security & Trust Coe, 1405 U St. C. J. B 4. P4e1_t. w The National Safe Deposit, Savings And Trust Company Of the Dhautet ftmiammn coax= - !. AN )5W t.. Capital: One Million Dellas Safe Deposit Company, --a- ..t u.ae.. Savings Bank. e.t. an r..m . Trust Company, tel acue em is a r... mein Pe se .6. ....K W AD Cc A TEAD Lem M. sf Pt m % rm Ifl It's Surprising aew bet a a urg 60 a., eumetated yea p s y ie emma regularly. To ern*t U af Oh swat Same*nts. ay seme ars est awe. Win SeMctiem pasM taw" ae he eSs K yew - Mest bl.d The Union Savings Bank, PATS VOVB PEQ C'%T RM 6 maie Opee aten 6 p.m. a per. r am ad asm. day ereris frems a Sf S. gas" OHIO NAT10NAL SANE m A PMEtfCUEAL r sin be takes O the mahet Matt 1 t w esipneatioes will be Uei Is o a... per.sa wil be aneed meae the esa, Vast. 555 per Jere, whih earh el mami -ainy at Sp~u full presto are crezted Ham. JOW P D. TATEAIS. Pu-a. W. i. 70ECE OO at lt.t .1.. ..m .WONO ae 4, 1 ement U^. STOCKS ,waf ad am 6r awe r s.M~ ue 5 ---e -em GRAIN -ew 500 --------- ---- .tat. e. t.es ... ... ... nOm..sa. le or I per ee. a alma MM' ta Na11 . M sw Aw mia i ar tur benues as51% 6Kmn Voe a.. U-..h madreem aof Esahe me U Member meisep.me 3a .r.?s ads ens adee. amehe eucof tt, an..mh e Sadm slDi.mm -Tetephies asNe 5,.5 amme. o.bem. mwa Deed in eehae beme as R.PdnoM. a 3wemr sa 3s. sq 60;m, Sads Ito hr eca 2e. do.;d- ad OW Whtehad to U-Ea Welfy me a m eE. 6;,.TE.W . ,.teR. E Coeegns t ad. Ctitm 3m e 3m . 10, Le Drot Pak E. JTma g. e ma to a.ms E .ed ems1 n '02; lB,500. C . t .K hugh. lot fe4. b een vao Heghs - , wE B. Clre al to . 3m. ak tSa. en. US 51.50s;. M. Crooe to Jacob. Urseer. se. e9 q. 62; 82.880. R. R. hr mage . AS. 2err do 5. K. W.or pht. ebe. t, 3Barry Far:y a525 IA. Aq. W;lso-n. Unt Utates umasan to . . rManat. pot 8,e. l $B-m . . Ngee l to . F. Nashes, 10t. Ian Dro. Pq,a nd 5- ot e. e. 3. et iet TIonto Ja.Hsmey do.; S E. a It e al. tAo sm. d.; 3- . Pema to AaFt. huge l.Fan ot 1.bl.4, Se. lb; 5-M. W, eq. Fear-sonCke to J o.andobt Diga; pg Phillip s .eq.s375 se2pe. t man rhat ALu Mtge, ot Sheq. 81am Riss* Ar.mo. Naest evta, e G. V.s.m Io ta, pe and danc.TO , and loa ge.est1 Threon a to gattnde. Ti5-me samn ha wasb~ ocuersoy lthe4 drs the 52to.wer Ioo ersngt us do. ametWeshma3n esa. Th pocAd woil bedvoe t a ch asi o Sewting oityS the eroren sother. sppetand duelag aldgd to gla afteor theothe needas.?rfehaetren The ladilea piysiding over the tabltes wae Mrs. D)e GIrsan. Mrs. Facdua. Mra. antte. Mra. Marx. Mrs. Muhleleeen. Mrs lee Mrs. 8a nders. Mrs. itchroeder'. Mrs. listsfeld., Mrs. Wahl, Mrs. Londiner. Ne. Behlrend. Mrs. ('arnn. Mrs. Chakring. Mrs. Krumke. Mrs. Hierford, Mrs. Arcades. Ms. Schmidt. Mrs. Mauthner ad Mirn as Brock'. The Camsmndeehs Sea. Comander Nathan Blckford. Departaent of the Potomac. GI. A. R., haa anaeenee hi. staff by order No. 1. as followrs: 1. W. Stone. Pout 15. asitstaalt adjutaiat gemntds (it. iStorm. Post 10. assistaat quartermaster general: A. Hart. Poet 2. Inepeectot gene--al; S. E. Fauince. Post 0, judge advecate: J. P. Lothrop. Post 2. chIef muste officer; Jan. E. McCabe, P.E 3, Omas- t

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