Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on May 22, 1974 · Page 14
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 14

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Carroll, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 22, 1974
Page:
Page 14
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Elementary., Secondary School Enrollments Drop; Study Problem D •* V no*! %Ar» »>Mn»* __l • . . ___„.„.................._....*.._....... -^^ ^x By Lari Marner (Drake University Journalism Student I DES MOINES - The 1950s began with the "baby boom." Like every other state, Iowa's educational facilities were stretched to the bursting point as the post-war babies entered public schooling. Many of those babies are in their early 20s now and are beginning to have babies of their own. Contrary to expectations, however, school enrollment in Iowa has not increased. Several educational specialists are currently studying the enrollment drop, the problems it is causing and possible solutions. Iowa Department of Health statistics show that Iowa's live birth rate is the lowest ever. Enrollment in Iowa public schools has been declining since 1970. Department of Public Instruction figures show that school enrollment in secondary education in Iowa this year dropped 2.35 per cent over the 1972-73 school year, a loss of 15,223 students. The decline in elementary enrollment was even sharper, 4.16 per cent or 2,743 pupils. Robert Whitt, a professor of education at Drake University, who has done several studies on school enrollment for rural counties, sees several reasons for the decline. Whitt says the major reason is the introduction of oral birth control (the pill) in 1963. Whitt says more people are using the pill to maintian "the quality of life" by restricting the number of their children. Whitt sees many couples being reluctant to bring children into the world because of concerns over diminishing natural resources, over-population and worldwide unease. To explain why the largest drop in enrollment is coming from rural areas, Whitt points to the trend towards larger farms in Iowa. Whitt says larger farms and greater use of machinery mean fewer farming jobs are open to young people. The lack of other industries forces young people to move to cities to find jobs. In time, the loss to the rural area is not just those who leave, but their future children. The enrollment decline is putting increased financial pressure on small school New Impetus for Legislation to Control Radiation in Iowa By Harris o.n Weber lowu Daily Press Association DES MOINES - Iowa is the only state in the union that does not have some legislation to control the use of low-level radioactive materials. Dr. Sam Tuthill, chairman of the state solid waste disposal commission, told a seminar in Des Moines Wednesday that such legislation should be "high on the docket" of the next General Assembly. Tuthill, state geologist, believes that "the state should control low level radioactive materials in toto." The Atomic Energy Commission has the NOTICE To all owners, renters and agents of the owners. All lots and real estate must be cut and mowed and cleaned up in 5 days. Notice is hereby given that Chapter 27 of the Municipal Code of the City of Carroll, Iowa, 1966, provides that all noxious weeds and other rank growth upon public or private property are declared and deemed to be public nuisances and shall be abated. If abatement is not done within five days the Weed Commissioner will have the same done and the costs thereof will be assessed against the affected property. H. B. Carroll Carroll County Deputy and City Weed Commissioner Carroll, Iowa 51401 responsibility for all high level radio-active materials and in absence of a state law certain low level radioactive materials. The law creating the state department of environmental quality charged the solid waste disposal commission with the responsibility for promulgating rules and regulations concerning the disposal of low-lev el radioactive wastes. The seminar, attended by about 50 people, was intended to familiarize the commission and other interested parties as to the experience of the federal government and other states in disposing of such wastes. One of those in attendance was William Twaler, director of the Radiation Protection Office at the University of Iowa in Iowa City. Twaler is particularly concerned that there is no state regulatory body overseeing the day-to-day use of low-level radioactive materials in Iowa, especially by hospitals, industry and people in private practice. The only law Iowa has passed in this specific area, he said, is one banning the use of certain shoe fitting devices. Sixty-three hospitals in Iowa districts. Under the School Foundation Plan of 1971. the state of Iowa pays a set amount per pupil to local school districts to ease inequities in income from property taxes. Mrs. Bessie Gerstenberger. educational coordinator for the Office of Planning and Programming, says that while the increase in state aid has "prolonged the agony" of school districts barely able to meet expenses, it has made the loss of students even more costly. She explains that while the cost of teaching 90 pupils rather than 100 would not necessarily mean fewer costs '(since the loss wouldn't be enough to make fewer teachers necessary) the loss in state aid could be substantial. are licensed by the Atomic Energy Control Commission to use by-product materials, isotopes such as cobalt, iodine and gold. However, Twaler said nobody controls the use of radium. "It's an extremely toxic material, probably more dangerous than any isotope used in a hospital," Twaler said in an interview. There have been cases where physicians have died and it was subsequently discovered that they had radium plaques in their desk drawers, Twaler related. "Buildings have been torn down because they were contaminated with radium. Not in Iowa. But. again, maybe we have had some buildings contaminated with radium and have never known it," he commented. Bills have been introduced in the past in the Iowa Legislature to control low-level uses of radioactive materials. This includes the use of X-ray equipment and it's this provision in particular that has drawn criticism. But there are indications of a new impetus for such legislation in Iowa. Times Herald, Carroll, la. Wednesday, May 22, 1974 13 After discussing the dilemma facing schools with small enrollment losses, the Iowa Senate voted this session to add S26 million in state aid with more aid going to schools with small enrollment drops. The House version of the bill gave the most aid to districts with the greatest enrollment losses. A conference committee eventually settled on the House version. Adding to the burden of local school districts, Gerstenberger said, was the responsibility of teaching handicapped children in public schools. Recent court rulings have held that handicapped students have an equal right to public schooling. Faced with inflation, additional responsibilities and declining enrollment, local school districts have decided they cannot continue on their own. From 1953 to the present, the number of local school districts has declined from more than 5.000 to 450. mainly as a result of a reorganization drive to have all school districts include kindergarten through high school. County school districts have also been following the trend towards consolidation, to provide services that one county could not. David Gilliland, reorganization consultant for the state Department of Public Instruction, says communities have been apprehensive of "losing their individuality." Whitt says he has found that in small communities. "Many people say that when the school goes, the community dies. Actually, when a school goes it means the community is already dead." William Dreier, field secretary of the Rural Education Association, says that on the local level "there is less resistance than 10 or 20 years ago." Along with consolidation, Gilliland says school facilities may be utilized despite fewer elementary and secondary students by opening schools after hours to other parts of the community. "There's no reason doors should be locked at4p.m.," he says. Dreier says that "We're going to have to do more than just serve the present age group." He sees "community schools" as filling the needs of pre-schoolers through Senior Citizens. Don McGuire, state supervisor of adult education, area schools division, says enrollment in adult education courses is increasing, from 150.000 to 202,000 from 1971 to 1972. Although the adult education division isn't currently planning on using space left by declining school enrollment (local school boards make the decision whether to open schools to the community), many programs for using schools after hours are already in effect. Distributed by the Iowa Daily Press New York City has water frontage of 750 miles. 300-foot-deep water berths and three major airports. 9x9-FT. COMPACT UMBRELLA TENT SLEEPS FAMILY OF 4 Nylon screened window Z Double ip-close door Roll-up weather flaps ..Some 10,000 Mounties now enforce federal laws in Canada. REG. $89.95 Exclusive Coleman features from ridge to floor 1 30" x 36". window and double door are screened for cross ventilation. All exterior pole assembly sets up in minutes! 23-22:6 SEWING MEANS SAVING New Shipment 100% Polyester DOUBLE KNITS 60" wide on bolts. Solids and prints. Rib knits — Diagonals and crepes. POLYESTER THREAD _ 19 White and colors for all sewing. Machine wash & dry. SO33 Yd. 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