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Iowa Bank Robberies Up Sharply; Reason is Partly Psychological By Linda Woodhouse (Drake University Journalism Student) D ; ES MOINES - Bank robberies in Iowa increased dramatically from 1972 to 1973, and Dr. Paul Loeffelholz, who counsels prisoners from Iowa's three state reformatories, said the reason is partly psychological. Loeffelholz, clinical director of the Iowa Security Medical Facility at Oakdale, said that when prisoners are released, they are "overwhelmed" by the demands of the outside world. Many prisoners inevitably commit crimes so they can return, he added. "Former prisoners don't consciously want to go back to prison, but they do," Family Shoe Center OHO • • i— 1 1— i i—i i -*• -^ i •**__) faehione FOR SUMMER Everyone Loves . Open Back Styling Two styles to select from . . either perforated leather upper in red. navy or while with cork-like sole . . . or navy blue ropv trim style. Open back styling for summer comfort Your Choice Loeffelholz said. "Prison doesn't look as negative when they see the demands and rejection of society." Warren Stump of the Iowa Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCD attributed the increase to a general rise in crime. He said police officers throughout the state have reported a general increase in break-ins and robberies, including assaults on banks. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) figures show that 20 Iowa banks were robbed in 1973 compared to four in 1972. General robberies in the state increased 132 per cent between 1967 and 1972, according to biennial reports of the Iowa Board of Parole. The FBI's uniform crime reports show an 85 per cent national increase in robberies during the same time period. In a survey of the heads of 24 Iowa banks robbed in 1972 and 1973, several bankers said the Gigantic Egg Laid by Senate WOMK.VS Summer Casuals Comfort your steps in these navy blue or while deck shoes. Durable uppers with lightweight skid-resistant soles. Cushioned arch and insole for support a breeze to keep them clean $ 3.66 YOUR WARDROBE White Patent-Look Slip-On $12" Kashionably foot-right with brass-look saddle hardware. Hidden elastic gore keeps it snug Men's White Monk Strap Adjustable strap and hidden elastic gore provide a snug fit. Plain-toe styling KPR. I9.9a $ 6.99 Q |Shoe Mart-Family Shoes] 516 N. Adams Carroll By William J. Scherle (Fifth District Congressman) The Senate laid a gigantic egg last week in what could be called "the great chicken payoff." By a 56 to 31 vote, it approved $10 million to feather the nest of five huge Mississippi poultry producers whose birds had been contaminated. Nearly 8 million chicks were ordered destroyed after FDA discovered excessive pes't'icide in the birds they had tested. Because the contaminant — dieldrin — had been found in the poultry feed oil, FDA cried foul and began an intensive investigation. It checked everything from box-car transportation of the poultry supplement to the chicken chow-line. Evidently, the pesticide is filtered out from higher distillates of soybean oil. with only pure grades intended for animal consumption. But the normal food chain had been run amuck by high demand for the oil, which induces rapid growth in chickens. FDA's initial inquiry hints that Mississippi feed suppliers substituted low-grade soybean industrial oil instead of the more highly refined feed-grade oils. Before the investigation had increase in robberies was due to the light sentence upon conviction. Bank robbery is a federal offense carrying a prison sentence of from 10 years to life. Bernice Fletchall, a teller at the Grimes office of Bankers Trust Company of Des Moines, said, "At one time if a robber entered the door of a bank he received life. Now he is sure he won't have to serve many years even if he is found guilty." A few bankers thought the need for quick money to buy drugs explained the increase in bank robberies. Ward Kilgore, executive vice president of Decatur County State Bank in Leon, said the "lack of moral background in the present generation" was the cause of more robberies. Jack Conley, vice president of State Bank and Trust Company of Council Bluffs, said greed and disrespect for the law explained the increase been completed, the Senate flew in with more than chicken feed to prop up a half dozen corporations which had lost their broilers. In the House, opponents of the chicken bill say they won't allow the public to be pucked — taxpayers shouldn't have to cover the losses of big business. Such legislation would be a costly precedent for other industries which experience contamination. The Congress has already rejected similar payments to cattle and hog producers. Furthermore, since FDA's examination is not yet final, premature payment would be a half-cocked idea — it's just possible that the chicks were insured. At present, the House has a bird's-eye-view of this poultry raid on the federal treasury. But according to astute Members of Congress, the Senate's chickens have come home to roost. Wednesday, May 22, 1974 .5 llllfllllllfMtllMIMMtlltllllMIIIIMMMItltlMI in bank robberies. The survey showed that most of the banks were robbed between 9:30 a.m. and noon by an average of two people. The robbers ranged in age from 19 to 45 with an average age of 31. The amount of money stolen ranged from $450 to $48,000. The robbers were, in most cases, armed with guns, including a .22 caliber pistol, a .25 caliber automatic pistol, a .35 caliber pistol and a sawed-off shotgun. No one was injured or killed during any of the robberies. In five of the robberies no arrests have been made, and in five more suspects have been tried and convicted. Goerge Hills, manager of East Des Moines National Bank's Pleasant Hill office, said people rob banks because "they know that's where the money is." Stump of the BCI agrees with him. "Why break into a safe with a little money when you can get more money at a bank?" he said. "At most levels, burglary and robbery are done for the money." Collin W. Fritz, president of Central National Bank of Des Moines, disagrees with Stump and Hills. "Everything is programmed to deter the bank robber," Fritz said. Marked money, hidden cameras, sophisticated alarm systems and bullet-proof glass all work against the robber, Fritz added. Loeffelholtz said, "People aren't really getting that much out of banks for the heat they get and the risk they take." He added, "The challenge in part drives some of them to rob." "Bank robbers are hot shots in prisons," Loeffelholz said. "You commit a bank robbery and you are an important person, but in a negative way." "Our culture has a thing about money, which means success," he said. "There are a lot of people who can't make it in money terms but still need to feel worthwhile." Loeffelholz said ordinarily a person with no money will find an acceptable way to feel worthwhile, but the bank robber must rob to feel fulfilled. "The bank robber covers his inadequacy with more aggressive behavior," Loeffelholz said. He added that in counseling prisoners, he tried to fulfill their need for worth by helping them develop worthwhile relationships with people. Most of the people involved in the Iowa bank robberies had been in trouble before. For some of them, crime was their profession. Loeffelholz said that most people who become criminals come from homes with only one parent, or homes where parents have financial and emotional difficulties. ,TOM LAUGHLIN • DELORES TAYLOR .»«*, CLARK HOWAT ft*** *NARV WH SOill • OirKlrtlr, T.C.FRANK Cetoto A (Monti Studied Fihn Cwpmtnn Production • TECHNICOLOR* f »M. Mm AnntvWMrv A A Wiifi.f C.mmunk.llpn. Company PG HW SHOWING! Carroll, Iowa — Carroll D.I. Perry, Iowa — Perry STARTS THURSDAY Ft. Dodge, Iowa — Astro Strong Support f or Single Factor Tax While loudly espousing the need for a thorough spring cleaning in the House committee system, a caucus of House Democrats quietly laid aside its brooms and dustmops by dumping a new reorganization plan. The change had been proposed by Congressman Richard Boiling's select committee composed of both Republican and Democratic House members. In a secret ballot, the caucus voted to send the measure packing to a sub-committee which is likely to strip it of the most needed reforms before giving the House membership a look at it. Not since 1946 has Congress' committee structure been overhauled to correspond with changing issues. Cobwebs have accumulated in some areas having outlived their usefulness. In other committees, responsibilities have piled up and overlapped in illogical combinations — witness the Education and Labor Committee. The Ways and Means Committee presently grapples with unrelated areas of health, foreign tariffs, unemployment compensation and taxation. These are but a few areas crying for change. Sensing the confusion brought on by an antiquated committee system, many Members have favored structural alterations in Congress. The next question Iowa Daily Press Assjcialion DES MOINES - An Iowa Development Commission survey of manufacturing plants in the state shows strong support for continuation of the single factor corporate income tax. Periodically there has been a move in the Legislature, usually by Democrats, to alter Iowa's corporation tax structure from a single factor — net income — to three factors — sales or income, capital investment and number employed. The state revenue department has the authority to allow alternative corporate taxing methods. However, only a few Iowa corporations have requested an alternative to the state's single factor formula, and, to date, no requests have been approved. The Iowa Development revolved around the most practical way to" set reorganization in motion. My .colleagues and I who we r e. u ; nderstanda.bly concerned about the bottomless pit of government spending voted against a whopping $1.5 million setting up a Utopian committee to study reform. It seemed irrational to fund one more body which would draw its membership from the 21 standing committees already in existence. Reorganization would have been most efficiently planned within the confines of these established groups. After all, the object of committee reform was to streamline the system, not to tack on cumbersome additions. Nevertheless, the Boiling Committee was established. Now after months of study and thousands of dollars worth of hearings, the Boiling-group has arrived at a comprehensive reform plan, only to find that its original , base of support has shifted. Members who had once • embraced the idea of reform balked at its implementation. Glittering platitudes disappeared as it became clear that some committees would be abolished, split, or combined. But the bill's death-knoll Commission believes that this, in itself, is a strong indication that the majority of Iowa corporations generally prefer the state's single factor corporate taxing method over formulas used by other states. Since Iowa is the only state in the union that has a straight single factor formula, the commission undertook a survey to determine if it's appraisal were accurate. The survey was mailed to a random sample of 494 Iowa manufacturing firms, of which 274 responded. Eighty-seven per cent of those responding favored a single factor tax formula over the three factor. Furthermore, 25 per cent of those answering the questionnaire said they would locate outside of Iowa if Iowa had a three factor formula and they had to make a decision on expanding. was sounded as the caucus zeroed in on one section designed to limit their absolute power. Eyeing the total control,of funds by the majority party in some committees, the Boiling plan aimed for greater equality. During the debate in the Judiciary Committee's impeachment inquiry, for example, the majority party exercised complete domination over staff and funds. Give Mom the day off And SAVE $1.75 Everything's ready-and not even a dish to wash! on a BUCKET or BARREL with this coupon. No substitutions. Offer ends May 27. onaTHRIFTBOX with this coupon. Nosubstitutions. Offer ends May 27, on a DINNER BOX w.it.h th,is coupon. No substitutions. Offer ends May 27. COLONEL SANDERS'. 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