Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 8, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Monday, July 8, 1963
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e That REALLY Packs a Punch!' --.,.-,.1. ' < , A EDITORIAL \ Comment and eview T/MJ New Gold Outflow The military investment ce of payments pro! administration inher y has been plaguing Commerce Current pile suffered its biggest loss in nearly a year —$65 million. The withdrawal reduced U.S. VQlo ^.^..w.v gold reserves to $15,733 million, lowest since This is not too oversimplified a way of stating April 1939, when the total was $15,714 million. The gold outflow can be a political as well as a financial embarrassment. Early this year, for example, France was reported holding $1.2 billion in reserves convertible to gold. vi ^mx^.i, . Neither President de Gaulle nor a successor of U.S. capital as a whole during the first could be expected to upset the cart with a three months of this year was at the annual sudden quick conversion. Nevertheless, such rate of $3.8 billion. This was more than the a holding would give the French a strong rate of $3.3 billion in 1962 but not quite so high hand in any international political poker as the rates of $3.9 billion and $4.1 billion in game. President Kennedy in Bonn, without having been asked a single direct question on the subject/ dwelt at length with the "first priority" of "our monetary challenges." In the Paulskirche at Frankfurt he said: "The great 1960 The report doesn't say so, but Commerce is expected in mid- August to admit that the balance of payments record for the first half of 1963 is much rougher than last year's January-June account. By swapping dollars for foreign curren- free nations of the world must take control of our monetary problems if those problems are ijrments other special concessions, pnman France, Germany, and Italy, the United from not to take control of us." Mint The President is expected to make a States was able to hold its balance of pay- speech on monetary policy in the near future, ments deficit last year to something less than It is flatly understood that he will again as$2.2 billion. In the eyes of foreign bankers sure the world that the U.S. dollar will not be this was not exactly a victory. The deficit in devaluated. In the meantime, the Federal large part accounts for a recurrence of doubt Reserve Board is reported considering rais- about the soundness of the dollar. Last year ing its rediscount rate at the risk of dragging Treasury down business activity through more expen- 1963 sive credit. to be impossible. The long-term prospect is not so gloomy. Foreien countries demand that part of The balance of payments pendulum should payments swing back in our direction before too long, gold. Such payments cut down the American particularly as prices and wages in Europe gold reserve. In the last week of June, our gold stock- and Japan begin to reach equilibrium with prices and wages in this country. Outlawing Competition The preservation of healthy competition shape and dimensions of the packages for alls supposed to be one of the objectives of gov- most everything the consumer buys. ernment through the anti-trust laws. It's curi- Making the required changes would cost ous how hard some leaders in government are the manufacturers of these products many working in attempts to suppress competition. millions, which would have to be recovered in The Hart Bill, the so-called "truth in packaging" measure, is one such attempt. The search for more useful and attractive prices. The consumer, who is the supposed beneficiary of the hill, would profit not at all. Meanwhile, other public servants are try- on By FULTON LEWIS At WASHINGTON With thi opening of Captive Nations Week but seven days away the Presi* dent would do well to heed those magnificent words of his 1960 campaign: "We must never — at any Summit, in any Treaty declaration, in our words or even in ouf minds — recognise Soviet domi* nation of Eastern Europe.*' , There have been occasions, too many occasions, when John Fitzgerald Kennedy has acted as if those words were nothing more than campaign oratory. There was July 13, 1962, for instance, when the President issued a press release marking Captive Nations Week, a proclamation that was noteworthy for its refusal to condemn Soviet rule over Eastern Europe. THERE ARE somt tlv§ lave urged the Chief Execti* to forget Captive Nations Week in 1963 or to issue a procla* mation so weak and innocuous that it will not "offend" Nikita Khrushchev. This type of logic is expressed by Secretary of State D?an Rusk, who has adamantly refused to give his blessings to a resolution introduced by Rep. Dan Flood, Pennsylvania Democrat, that would create a House Committer on Captive Nations. Creation of such a group, Rusk argues, could only antagonize the portly Mr. K. He says: "It would likely be a source of contention and might be taken as a pretext for action by the Soviet Union which would interfere with the resolution of the present crisis concerning Berlin." It was Rusk, too, who helped toward instructed our UN ed the Hungarian fMitktti seating Hungary. He Ambassador, Adlfti Stevenson cease ail opposition to the fraudulent delegation that claims to represent the HungMl* w an people. m HAD Stevenson approve the replacement of Sir Leslie Munro, an eloquent aflti*cofffltttt* nist, by Secretary*General U Thant as Special UN Representa* tive on Hungary. Thant promptly let It be known that the Hungarian issue was dead as far as he was concern* ed. He then canceled the spe* cial broadcasts to Hungary that were often the only non-commu* nist words the Hungarians ever heard. 1 T senator Peter Ownlniek of the most inv in He paid a personal visit in Budapest to Janos Kadar, the Khrushchev lackey who mopped up after Soviet tanks had crush* advisers "modify" U. S. policy pressive young Republicans Congress, has proposed that the United States take the initiative against International communism. He says of Eastern Europe: "The minda, hearts, cultures and belief a of the people in the Captive Nations are still dreaming of their human rights to free* dom - of life, liberty and. the pursuit of happiness. Many are still risking their very lives to escape frorri the horror chambers imposed upon their minds and spirits. We should stimulate their feeling of independence — their drive for restoration Of government based on self-determination." Dominick asks ropo of strategic who vow to bWT tit, His wmwm ei Freedom Academy that would Instruct our _ r .. „ . t . *it>*i in tit* realities of Cold throw the Soviets live. Dominick a massive that would the defetv investigation Into Soviet colonial- Um. and to throw the spotlight of the President to cut off all foreign aid to the righteous indignation on Eastern Europe. He asks: ' 'Are we to accept the position that the people in the Captive Nations are doomed to living under communism?" An answer is anxiously awaited from the President. Copyright IMS Ta king a By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN AS THE Kennedys, JFK and Bobby, sit in the eye of the storm raised by a minority asking for status, rights and opportunity, the political career of their maternal grandparent, the famous John F, (Honey Fitz) Fitzgerald of Boston, must often be present in their minds. The tantalising thing about Grampa Fitzgerald is that he was both a success and a failure as a politician. He was a success as a symbol of something new in Boston, the break-through of a once- oppressed minority to power, economic opportunity, and social deference. But he was a failure when it came to getting significant laws passed — and in continuing to win political office for himself. In Boston, in the Nineties, the members of the Irish minority were hardly without political power. They could win in the downtown wards, and Honey Fitz, with North in lism w no stranger to victory. He spent six years in the U. S. Congress as a rather lonely New England Democrat. But the fact that a Fitzgerald from the North End could go to Washington did not really serve to alleviate the feeling of the Boston Irish that they were a proscribed race. It was not until Honey Fitz drew a bead on the Boston City Hall — and then proceeded to become mayor in 1906 — that the Irish could believe they had arrived. THE SENSE of elation lasted for one two-year term, for in 1907 an obscure postmaster sent Honey Fitz back to private life. The fight to carry forward the symbolism of the victorious Irish had to be won all over again. But in the big battle for the new four-year term of office in 1910 Honey Fitz beat that paragon of Yankee blue- bloods, the banker James Jackson Storrow, who was "proper Bostonian" from away back. The battle was close, but it broke the power of Beacon Hill Yankeedom in Boston, probably forever. In office Honey Fitz was loved as a personality, and the crowds cheered the voice that made Sweet Adeline" his own heraldic device. But the Fitzgerald term of office yielded only petty municipal triumphs, such as the substitution of gasoline - driven fire trucks for the old-time horse- drawn engines. A more ebullient and savage son of Irish immigrants, James Michael Curley, had set up shop as Honey Fitz's opponent, and Curley was too tough a fighter to be sidetracked. From this point on, Honey Fitz was destined to disappointments. He was succeeded by Curley as mayor in 1914, blocked by Curley from running again in 1917, and beaten by Henry Cabot Lodge for U. S. Senator in 1916. The significance of Honey Fitz, then, is one of symbolism pure and simple: he represents the turning point in social relations that resulted in the rise of a new ethnic group to the rights and privileges of first-class citizenship. Honey Fitz 1 could not capitalize politically in any personal way on his own symbolic triumph. TWO GENERATIONS LATER Honey Fitz's grandson, finds himself compelled by the inexorable sweep of events to champion the cause of another ethnic group. No President with any sense of the meaning of the reference in the Declaration of Independence to the individual's "unalienable r rights" could dodge the responsibility of supporting the Negro's suddenly active claims to political and legal equality. If Honey Fritz's grandson had faltered over the issues posed by the Negro's demands, he would not have a ghost of a chance of reelection in 1964, For he needs the crucial ethnic swing vote in New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and New England to win. Even so, this business of being cast by history in the role of presiding at the break-through of A hitherto proscribed minority is not going to give John F. Kennedy much opportunity to fight for other things. If ihe 1963 and 1964 sessions of Congress are to be given over to dealing with the massed and intricate pressures of civil rights, such issues as tax reform and proper response to the Cold War must get perfunctory attention. A Kennedy immersed in the business of fighting the battle of an ethnic group majr win a glorious victory for that group. But in' winning this victory he could disappoint his followers by an in* ability to deliver oil Anything else* UNLIKE Grampa Fitzgerald, JFK has no James Michael Curley in his own party to bother him. But he could lose a little here and a little there triumph md, like •ymbolic 1963 Outlook Optimistic on Business for Rest of 63 / By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - There wasn't a single pessimistic pre- duction from the panel of big business experts analyzing the economic outlook for the second half of 1963 at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce board of directors meeting. No boom was predicted, just continued good business with steady though slow improvement into 1964. This was not just usual chamber of commerce ballyhoo. The chamber's national headquarters here has been consistently critical of administration economic policy as harmful to business and its forecasts have been gloomy. There were a few guarded statements from the panel of economists that continued business expansion was dependent on a tax cut. But the consensus was that Congress ultimately will crash through with favorable tax legislation this year. There was an admission that unemployment is still too high. It was recognized that unemployment might even rise during the last half of 1963 even while employment was rising. *'If we are to get unemployment under the 5 per cent rate during the next five years," said Chase Manhattan Bank's director of economic research, William F. Butler, "business will have to produce 20 million new job opportunities. In the last five years only 13 million new jobs were created. We need a 50 per cent increase in business activity because the labor force is increasing 50 per cent faster in the 60s than in the 50s." There was a little concern over the continued unfavorable U.S. a year for the last two years. But Butler foresees favorable trends in a possible rise in interest rates, a cut in U.S. defense expenditures overseas and some improvement in international trade. "The fact that Europe is having a little inflation now improves the outlook for U.S. exports," says Butler in summary, "and the prospects for improvement in the balance of payments situation are all on the favorable side." "Nine out of ten U.S. economists say there is no danger of inflation in the United States in Dr. James J. O'Leary, research director for the Life Insurance Assn. of America. On the steel outlook, Vice President Irwin H. Such of Penton Publishing Co., Cleveland, believes that "the new labor agreement opens the way for uninterrupted production for nearly two years or, for that matter, the foreseeable future ... to build a 'new' American steel industry." Such predicts production of 106 million tons of steel in 1963, the largest for any year since 1957, at generally stable prices. "For the remainder of 1963 and 1964," along with the optimists. "A-OK" is the way Robert J. Eggert, marketing research manager for Ford Motor Co. summarizes the automobile industry outlook. This is steel's best customer and—directly or indirectly the employer of one of every seven U,S. workers. He foresees 7.4 million new car sales this year, beating 1961 sales bv 300.000 and equaling the 1955 record. Touching on other business fields, Dr. Emerson P. Schmidt, director of economic research for the U.S. Chamber's national staff points to the new all-time high of the construction industry reported for May as a favorable indi* cator. 'The second half of 1963 will show less expansion than the first half,'' Schmidt predicts. 1 'But gains in 1964 will be equal to or better than those in 1963." the next six months," declares he says, "I am willing to go Gaiesburg Register-Mail Nursery Experiment Proves Some Germs Are Helpful By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT. M.D. Written for Newspaper Enterprise Assn. UO Soutb Prairie Street. Gaiesburg, IUlnoU TELEPHONE NUMBER Exchange 342_ Class Matter at the Post" Office at Gaiesburg, nil* nois, under Act of Congress of Mnrch 3. 1879. Dally except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmith-_.-FublUner Charles Morrow ^.-.JSdtor M. H. Eddy ^.Associate Editor And Director oi Public Relation* H. H. Clay Managing THE NEWBORN baby infant is practically free from germs, but he makes their acquaintance very rapidly. The staphylococcus or pus germ, especially, has long been the bane of hospital nurseries. Elaborate steps are taken in all well-run hospitals to prevent the infant from getting this type of infection. Such infections do, however, occasionally occur, and doctors are ever on the alert to combat them. Now from the Cornell Medical Center comes a new weapon. It is based on' the knowledge that all germs are not harmful — not even all staphylococci. The first problem was to find a harmless packaging of products would be slowed by ing to introduce regulations which would pre- balance of payments, which has strain of tllis organism, this bill, which would allow a federal bureau vent manufacturers from advertising the been running at about $3 billion Staphylococcus 502A was dis- to dictate the kinds of packages that could be prices of their products. You have read ads used. Varieties of convenient sizes would be which said "suggested list price, $0.95, " or prohibited—everyone would have to package "under $10." That would be out, if somewhere in this wide land some retailer was selling the product for $8.99, even though the advertiser had no control whatsoever over the REMINlSCllNGof Byg limes covered to be such a strain. When the investigators were convinced that this was so they waited until outbreaks of staphylococcus infection in nurseries were reported. IN FOUR such outbreaks they tried purposely introducing their harmless strain into the nose and navel of half of the newborn'in­ fants. The other half received the same routine care but no S502A. Of the 108 infants who wore given S502A only 5 picked up the harmful strain (Staphylococcus 80-81). When the rest of the infants who had not been given S502A were "infected" with this harmless strain the epidemic was quickly brought under control. To better understand why this worked let us assume for the moment that strain National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU CIRCULATIONS SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City of Galeaburf 35o a Week. 3y RFO mail In our retail trading tone: X Year «10 J 00 • Month* f3JO 6 Months I 6 .00 1 Month 91JB gubacrlptlona In' towni where there la establiihei newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier In retail trading COM outside City of Gaiesburg. 1 week 30c retail trading zone in> Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route to retail trading zone. 1 Year $13 ,00 3 Months |3 .73 6 Months $ 7 .00 1 Month il-2§ MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled clusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP new*: dispatches. By mail outside Illinois, Iowa ftisaouri 1 Year #18.00 3 Months $5.00 6 Months $ 0.50 I Month 92 .00 Crossword Puzzzle Answer to Preview ttmf* FIFTV YEARS AQO 80-81 blue was a fine quality of and (hat strain in the same amounts. The enterprising seller would be prohibit* ed from cutting the price of a product to induce customers to try it, if he labeled the store P nce package to show the price reduction. Here is one proposal which would pro- Ironically, the Hart Bill has nothing to do hibit a seller from giving a bargain and an- with "truth in packaging.' 1 Present laws pro- other which would prohibit him from advertising a bargain. vide Federal agencies with powers to move pgainst mislabeling and fraud. What the bill does provide is the power to dictate the size, this? Does the consumer need "protection" like Monday, July 7, 1913 Members of the United Brethren Church and Sunday school held a picnic at Highland Park. Games for old and young were provided. Visitors from country clubs at Peoria, Springfield. Decatu r, Bloomington, Quincy and Danville were entertained at a stag luncheon at Soangetaha Country Club. Tuesday, July 8, 1913 About 20 members of the Mississippi Valley Veterinarian Medical Association met in Monmouth for the semiannual session of the organization. 502A a street car at and Main A blaze on a street car at the corner of Seminary streets caused minor damag injuries were reported. In Fifteen Words? Want to blow your cork about boondog- glad to forward from anywhere in continental Wednesday, Jui Abingdon Rotary 20th gling on a government project in your state? U. S., at a special cut rate, 15 words of wis- Congregational Church in On international affairs? On the latest bloop- dom from you to anyone from the President c jty. §r by your least-favorite solon in Washington? down to the newest representaive. Club cele- the at that ARS AGO Thursday, July 8, 1943 James T. Shields Woman's Relief Corps No. 121 met in regular session at the Trainmen's Temple. Just call the telegraph people. They'll be The expression "gone to pot" alludes to fending useless scrap metal ftp b§ reused. The purpose is to help you participate in government. There's just one catch — how much steam can you blow off in compiling 15 words of capital-bound invective? Plans for a flower and Monthlv meeting of the Worn- en's Missionary Society of First Christian Church was held in the church jxirlors. The president, Mrs. Paul Cowman, pre^ded. table show, which was in August, were formulated at a meeting of the Gaiesburg Garden Club in the home of Mrs. T. C. Chalmers. 178 N. Ivan Ave. grass was crabgrass. Now if you purposely sowed crabgrass seed all over your lawn where the blue grass was just starting to come up, what would you get? A beautiful crop of crabgrass would choke out your blue grass. That is exactly what happened in the nursery. The investigators warned that the usual steps taken to prevent harmful staphylococcic infections must not be relaxed, and they are not yet ready to advocate planting S302A in all infants at birth. Until they know more about it they will use it only to check epidemics. But doctors believe that the day may come when S502A or some to be neld similar strain may be used to ACROSS 9 Quote 16 Pedal arch nf i™* 17 Chinese pottery g 18 ffle of Latvia g ggj" 20 Time period 1 21 Storm' % si FeminiM — 24 Uncle Tora 'i 31 ™wnii* vege- give the newborn the protection he needs to ward off harmful staphylococcic infections and thu$ fight fire with fire. friend 27 Mill dam 28 Kansas city 32 Reposition 34 Flowered dress material 35 Constellation 36 Nautical term 37 Boy's nickname 38 Authenticate 40 Color 41 Stabled 44 Feline animal 47 Legendary Norse king 48 Hair style 52 Funeral vehicle 54 Basement So Excite to action 57 Passerine bird 58 Creator of Hyman Kaplan 69 Proportions DOWN 1 Lustrous fabric 2 Son of Isaac (Bib.) 3 Genus of frogs 4 Monstrous being 5 Consume 6 Staler 7 Leases 9 Belonging <* ft 33 Eteraitie* 34 Wan 36 Cotton clotb 38 Satin-like cotton 39 PuUding extern ion 42 Splint (anno) 43 Lesser veneration 44 Scorch: 45 Go by aircraft 46NevMiKtai 50 Valley 61 Mineral rodtf 53 Wheel track 55 Make a mistake

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