Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Tuesday, May 21, 1974 Wiretap It is deplorable that the Supreme Court ruling on wiretaps probably will lead to dismissal of many pending federal prosecutions of persons charged with gambling, narcotics and racketeering offenses. The high court's decision is, nevertheless, gratifying because it upholds an important principle. When Congress passed the 1968 Omnibus Control and Safe Streets Act it plainly meant to keep a very tight rein on wiretaps. It sought to place firm restrictions on government intrusions on personal privacy, even though such listening-in on private conversations had the excellent purpose of bringing drug pushers, gamblers and racketeers to justice. The mechanism for achieving this kind of strict control was to insist in the statute that any wiretaps on organized crime figures be authorized by "the attorney general." But in the cases involved the then attorney general. John N. Mitchell, neither signed such authorizations himself nor deputized an assistant attorney general for this function: instead he allowed his executive assistant to sign his initials on wiretap approvals sent to federal courts. It might be argued — indeed, it was argued by the government in this case — that Mitchell acted in the spirit if not the letter of the law. But this argument bypasses the essential point, which is that Congress sought to minimize intrusions on privacy by placing responsibility at the top. Justice Byron R. White noted this incisively in his opinion written for a unanimous court. Congress restricted wiretapping authority, he wrote, "to those responsible to the political process, a category to which the executive assistant to the attorney general obviously does not belong." The opinion further says "it is apparent that Congress desired to centralize and limit this authority where it was feasible." This is of the greatest importance. Mitchell's failure to abide by the intent of the law probably has resulted in cheating the government of a number of convictions, but it is good that the court ruled as it did. Permitting laxity in wiretapping would open the way to intolerable abuses of the right of privacy. He Is Risen Viewpoint Advice Should Be Fun for All By Abigail Van Huron DEAR ABBY: My husband and 1 can't agree on what constitutes a vacation. Paul and I have four kids, ranging in ages from 10 to 16. Last summer a friend turned over his farm to us and we took the kids and spent three weeks there. Paul is a country boy at heart. He likes to get up at the crack of dawn and run the tractor and spend every evening rocking on the front porch, looking into space and listening to the crickets. Meanwhile, I do all the laundry, cooking and dishes. (This is a vacation?) Paul wants to go to this farm again. and I say we should leave the kids home and take a real vacation alone somewhere. My mother agreed to stay with our kids. What should I do? Take the credit cards and go to Reno? CITY GIRL DEAR CITY GIRL: To Reno with credit cards? What for? To gamble or file for a divorce? Why not com-' promise, and do what Paul wants to do for half the vacation and what you want to do for the other half? DEAR ABBY: I'm not much of a letter writer, but I need some answers, so here eoes: The other day I got a questionnaire in the mail. It was a form to fill out. There were lots of questions about a friend of mine who apparently had applied for a job with a big company. Here are some of the questions: Has ever been in trouble with the law? Does drink? Moderately? Excessively? Does What — use drugs? you know about s un- Sticking at55 Health Practical and psychological reasons may be cited in support of the Senate's refusal to rescind the nationwide 55- mile-an-hour highway speed limit. These reasons clearly outweigh arguments in favor of raising the limit to 60. There are two main practical reasons for sticking with the 55-mph limit. One is that holding speed to this level conserves fuel. Gasoline is burned at sharply increasing rates as the speed rises. The other reason, even more compelling, is that slowing down traffic saves lives. This is not a theoretical conclusion; it is based on statistical data. The February highway death figures tell the tale. In 17 states which had not yet adopted the 55-mile limit in February, the death rate declined by only two per cent. In contrast, highway deaths were down by 30 per cent in 33 states which already had the 55-mph limit. The connection between lower speeds and lower death rates is inescapable. As for the abovementioned psychological reason for keeping highway speed limits at 55, consider the remarks of Sen. Jennings Randolph of West Virginia. He told his colleagues that raising the maximum "would be another signal to the American people that we no longer consider serious energy conservation an important matter." No such signal should be given. The psychological impetus for energy conservation should, on the contrary, be strengthened. Holiday The Senate did well to give its stamp of approval to the idea of making election day a legal holiday. Americans celebrate more than one holiday whose essential meaning is given little more than lip service. That would not be the case with election day: every two years, the purpose of this holiday would be reaffirmed in the act of .going to the polls. There are two excellent reasons for supporting this proposal. The most obvious of these is that having to go to work on election day would no'longer interfere with citizens' participation in the electoral process. The other reason, less tangible in its effects, may nevertheless be the more important of the two. What we have in mind is that setting aside election day as a holiday would periodically call attention to this day's unique role in our democratic system. By this action Congress would provide for a reminder, every other year, that citizens have both the right and the obligation to speak their minds through the ballot. Won't Shape Up Bv Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D DEAR DR. LAMB — I am 48 years old. five-feet-seven, and weigh 135 pounds. I have a cholesterol count of about 330 reduced by diet from 395. A recent magazine article said that lecithin reduces the cholesterol in a person's blood. Does lecithin really reduce the count as they say? Thank you for any help you provide. DEAR READER — 1 wish it did. but it doesn't. The only people who could possibly benefit from lecithin are a few who have a dietary deficiency in polyunsaturated fats. You can solve that problem with a proper diet that includes about a third of the fat in your diet as polyunsaturated fat as Homemalcing you get in corn oil. safflower oil or products made with these oils. Excess amounts of these oils won't help either. There is a lot of untrue promotional material in magazines about lecithin. U is another fat. The difference is that it contains some phosphate and is a phosopholipid. And. it is connected to choline. Now that is all fairly complex so let me say that the lecithin particle is broken down by the digestive enzymes in the digestive tract into the choline. the fatty acids, and then absorbed. In other words, once it gets through the intestinal wall it is no longer lecithin. The Perfect Crust By Polly Cramer A New Version DEAR POLLY — For 30 years I have been trying to make a perfect pie crust but they usually shrink out of shape. I do hope to get some suggestions from those who have had better luck. Where do!gowrong?-ISOBEL. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with modern zippers. During a recent trip my husband and I broke five which "made five garments useless. This constant breakage represents not only a terrible inconvenience but an expense in replacing things for which new zippers cannot be obtained, such as handbags and luggage. What is happening? A local store tells me they have great trouble with zippers on sportswear and children's clothing. It seems they could be made to last. Manufacturers, we customers are becoming irate! —REBECCA. DEAR POLLY — and Mrs. T.B.E. — I found that the push- pull cap on one of my dishwashing liquid bottles will fit on my shampoo bottle so this saves shampoo both from pouring out too much or from accidental spills. I wash my hair in the shower so I find this much handier for such use and am sure it would be ideal for children. I tried this on several different shampoo bottles and it fit on everyone of them, — KAREEN. DEAR POLLY — For several years I have used key rings with separation links between the house keys and car keys. When leaving my car some place like a shop for service I just pulled off the end with the house keys. Recently I have been a bystander at the aftermath of two car accidents, saw the drivers removed from the scene by ambulance while the cars were towed away with house keys dangling under the ignition switch. I separate the car keys when I drive and put my house keys near my wallet.-CHARLES. DEAR CHARLES — From personal experience I realize the importance of your Pointer. My car was stolen with house keys on the same key chain as my car keys (from a parking lot) and this can, and did in my case, cause seemingly endless complications particularly if your name and address are at hand, too.—POLLY.. DEAR POLLY — I had a very good half slip that was too tight to wear but too good to throw away. I cut away the elastic, laid a slip belonging to my small daughter on the half slip to use as a pattern for cutting the neck and armholes out and taking up the side seam a bit. Using the zigzag stitch on my machine I stiched the turned under hems at the neck and armholes, sewed up the side seams and had a very cute little girl's slip.—MARGARET. DEAR POLLY — Those mothers who have helped their little girls dress Ken and Barbie dolls know how hard it is to slip pants on those sticky legs. I made "leggings" out of old nylons to fit over their legs and the clothes slide right on. After they are arranged properly the "leggings" are pulled off. I do hope this will help other frustrated mothers and little daughters. —MRS. M.A.H. Bv Hriirc Binssat do general health? Please name some of desirable qualities. Name some of 's good qualities. qualities. Abby. my friend must have given my name for a reference or I wouldn't have received this questionnaire. right;.' f I have known this person for about 15 years, but I can't honestly answer some of these questions. In fact, if I could. I wouldn't want to. I'm afraid if I don't fill out this form, my friend won't get the job. How would you handle this? STUCK DEAR STUCK: You are under no obligation to answer the questionnaire. I would write a letter telling what I DO know about the applicant and no more. CONFIDENTIAL TO "WHO AM I?" You are a 19-year-old high school dropout who never made a serious effort to stick with anything once the going got rough. You didn't listen to your father because you thought advice from "a loser" wasn't worth anything. You didn't graduate from high school because you were too lazy to make your grades, so you told yourself that school was a waste of time, that you had learned all there was to learn there, and you'd be better off in the business world. Determined as you were to do "your own thing," you haven't done anything because you still don't know what "your own thing" is. Right now you aren't anybody. But if you sincerely want to be somebody, do this: Go back to school. (Adult education — night classes are available for those who work days.) First, get your high school diploma, then learn a trade or develop a special skill, and work like a sonuvagun. You will then be "somebody," and you won't have to write to Dear Abby to find out who you are. No one seems to have paid attention to the curious and perhaps vital backdrop against which President Nixon in late February, 1973, began a series of concentrated contacts with his controversial young counsel, John Dean. By Dean's public testimony, unchallenged on this point by the White House, that series of talks began at the President's own initiative, after a long period of months (embracing most of the immediate post-Watergate break-in days) in which Dean and Mr. Nixon rarely saw each other. The President's edited transcripts of Watergate tapes include, obviously, one of those "rare" prior meetings — on Sept. 15, 1972, the day the original Watergate defendants were indicted. But suddenly, from late February to mid-April of that year, Dean was drawn into 21 head-on conversations with the President (sometimes alone, sometimes with others), and also had 14 telephone talks with him. The released transcripts cover just nine of these, roughly one quarter, starting Feb. 28 and ending April 16. Two questions of high significance arise from the fact of this heavy flurry of Nixon-Dean contact in early 1973. First, what was Dean as the President's counsel doing in all those crucial post-Watergate days when the two were not meeting, and did Mr. Nixon know of Dean's activities? Second, why did it suddenly become important to the President to talk to Dean 35 times in about a month and a half? What Dean was doing from the June 17 Watergate burglary weekend until his transcribed Sept. 15 meeting with the President is spread on the 1973 Senate Watergate hearing record, with some parts corroborated by other witnesses and some challenged. He says that starting with Monday, June 19, 1972, he took part in the Watergate coverup sitting in that day on at least two key meetings. The second meeting was in former Attorney General John Mitchell's apartment involving such others as guilty- pleader .Fred LaRue: money dispenser. Jeb Magruder. a high official of Mr. Nixon's re-election committee, and now indicted Robert Mardian. former top Justice Department official under Mitchell. Family Lib Krom then on. by Dean's own public words, he began moving to restrict official FBI-Justice Department inquiries into the real scope of Watergate. He sat in on FBI interviews with eight White House staff people, got copies of 80 pertinent FBI reports from then acting-Director L. Patrick Gray, says he induced Assistant Attorney-General Henry Peterson.to limit the inquiry to the burglary episode and to have Justice prosecutors interrogate five White House aides — Charles Colson, Egil Krogh, David Young, Dwight Chapin and Gordon Strachan, in a separate room out of a grand jury's earshot. Dean says he also served as busy go-between, keeping track of what various people were doing about the coverup, and reporting regularly to top Nixon men H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman. They have denied this, but my sources say Dean did just that and presumably they relayed the running story to thePresident himself. Indeed, the whole tone of the first Dean-Nixon conversation Sept. 15 suggests their common knowledge of a broad effort to limit the official inquiry.The President describes the situation as a "can of worms," says "the people who worked this way are awfully embarrassed.'' and compliments Dean on putting his finger on leaks "that have sprung up here and there." They could not have understood each other at that point, without joint awareness, transmitted by someone^ of Dean's doings. My sources argue Mr. Nixon began intensively in February, 1973, to talk to Dean not just to learn things but to draw him into a "set-up" posture where,if necessary, he could be asked to take a fall to help insulate the President himself from direct involvement. He was asked bluntly, on April 16, to quit. Say my sources: If you want to understand what Mr. Nixon was doing in those 35 talks, go see the movie "The Sting." Barbs And then there's the billionaire playboy who spent the price of a town on an evening. What's the Use? Bv Lew and Joanne Koch A short time ago we posed the question. "Who makes a good mother?" and we quoted from an article that cynically claimed the emotional requirements for motherhood could be found in a "not very-bright 14-year-old girl" We. of course, disagreed, as did Fran Blankenship of Clarksville. Tenn.. who wrote this letter about who makes a good mother: "Any woman, regardless of her education, career, opportunities or intelligence. "Any woman who realizes that she. as a mother, is responsible for the most important years of her baby's life, a woman who will gladly suffer a break in her career, or will rearrange her- schedule so that her work can be done at home, part-time or in the evenings. "Any wofnan who realizes that she. better than anyone, can best cuddle her baby, see to its diet, encourage it as it learns to walk, talk, feed itself, sing lullabies, read nursery rhymes, tell fairy tales. "Any woman who realizes that the early years determine the child's personality, outlook on life, ability to trust, to love and eventual independence..." If Fran Blankenship's ideas seem sentimental, unnecessary, and out of date (in comparison, that is. to the spate of strident articles one reads these days announcing that motherhood is as unnecessary as the ability to read Sanskrit), it might be well to examine the other side of the coin: What happens to a child when it is separated from its mother? In the recently published book, "Attachment and Loss. Vol. II. SEPARATION", the brilliant English psychiatrist John Bowlby shows that children separated from their mothers suffer profound sorrow. Children separated from their mothers who have taken a favorite object from home, first cling to it and then reject it much as their mothers had clung to them ... and then rejected them. "One little girl," Bowlby writes. "alternated between carrying her rag doll about in her mouth like a mother cat with a kitten and flinging it away shouting, 'All gone.'" Daily Times Herald SOU Niirlli i'nurl SI reel t'arrnll. Inwa |);uh K vrrpl Suml.n s anil Holidays ultHT Ihiin Hirlliil.u anil shing I'nmpam Veteran's Day. by Ihr Herald ,/AMKS W WILSON. Publisher IIOWAKUH WILSON. KdlCi.r W I. HKITX.. NewsKdiliir JAMKSI1 WILSON. Vire I'resiilenl (ieneral Manager Knleri'd as sminil rlav, mailer at the ptisl•»(doe Hi Carmil lima umliTllir.iclnl M;ireh2. INK7 Member >il lite Assiinaicd Press Tlif AsMH-ialed Press is entitled eselusively (<i Ihr uw fur republic .ilmn n( all I!»• local news printed in (hi* nrwspaprr .is well as all AT ihsp.Me Ill's I Mill lal Paper nl I'nunl) and City SuliM'ripliiin Hales M\ rawer bn\ drbver\ |HT week MY MAIL r.irn.H Cuuiii) anil All Adorning t'liiiiitu'S where earner sen ire is iml available |>er \ear I hilMile "I I'arrull anil AiljuihlMH ('utilities ill/.line* I anil 2 per M-iir AllUllier Mail in Die I'niteil Slates, per tear I U f20H> KUW $2700 mm WORLD 1974 by NEA, Inc.
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