Home Piper ol 70 CommuBltlei Gear, Cold Tonight Clear, Warmer fm^y Low Tonight bow m High Tuesday Mid-fiO's VOLUME LXXkll ^ 90 (5ALESBURG, ILL. 61401 — MONDAY, APRIL 16, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS \ixon Seeks Defense Stockpile Sale By NORMAN KEMPSTfiR WASHINGTON (UPI)President Nixon today an* nounced plans to sell $6 billion worth of industrial raw materials from the nation's strategic stockpile —in effect using the metals and minerals which had been purchased for defense purposes to'wage an offensive against inflation. "In our current fight against rising prices, one weapon which has not yet been effectively employed is our national strategic stockpile," the President said. The President asked Congress to approve legislation authoriz* ing him to sell 16 major commodities worth $4.1 billion. He said existing law already gives him the powed to dispose of $1.9 billion worth of goods he considers to be in excess of the nation's needs. If Congress approves, the result would be a slimmed down hoard worth $700 million —which Nixon said would be enough to provide the weapons for a year-long war. The stockpile • currently consists of 91 commodities with a market value of |6.7 billion, but over half of the current dollar value is in seven items: aluminum, copper, lead, silver, tin, tungsten and zinc. "Short term demand for industrial commodities has outpaced short-term supplies, Nixon told Congress. "As a result, prices for industrial commodities have recently been increasing at unacceptably high rates—hi some cases by more than 30 per cent hi the past 12 months alone. "These,increases will eventually be felt in higher prices for the American consumer if we do not act decisively now," he said. "By disposing of unneeded items in the strategic stockpile, we can strike a crucial blow for the American consumer," he said. Previous presidents have suggested sales of individual stockpiled commodities in an effort to force rollbacks of commercial prices. But Nixon becomes the first to propose a wholesale sell-off for economic reasons. Nixons proposal would mark the first major sale of items from the stockpile, which was created in 1938 during the build up that preceded World War 11. The store of possible war material was reorganized in 1946, and most of the materials now in warehouses from coast- to-coast was acquired in the 1950s, during and immediately after the Korean War. ' Nixon emphasized that a stockpile only about 10 per cent of the current size would be adequate for the nation's defense needs. "Our new guidelines would provide the needed commodities to cover our material requirements for the first year of a major conflict in Europe and Asia, he said. "In the event of a longer conflict, these 12 months would give us sufficient time to mobilize so that we could sustain our defense effort as long as necessary without placing an intoleralble burden on the economy or the civilian population. "I have approved new guidelines that would taUor the khid and quantity of materials hi the stockpiles to the national security needs of the 1970s," Nixon said. "The new stockpile would be substantially reduced, but it would contain the critical materials that we need in quantities fully adequate for our national security requirement." Under the plan, the nation would retain in its stockpile such items as jewel bearings, cobalt and silver but would sell off more readily available matters such as aluminum, antimony, castor oil, chromium, iodine, nickel, opium, rubber, shellac and tungsten. The most extensive sales would be about $109 million worth of silver and $118 worth of tungsten ores and concentrates. Nixon conceded his proposal would be controversial. S. Vietnamese Deny Entering Cambodia Where to Find It 4 SECTIONS Abingdon 21 Amusement 6 Bushnell .— —. 19 ClassMied Ads . 24-25-26-27 Comics, TV, Radio.... 18 Editorial 4 Galva 19 Hospital Notes 21 28 PAGES KnoxViUe 21 Markets 20 Monmouth 17 Obituary 7 Sports -15-16 Weather 2 Women In The News.^10-11 Copter Hits Home Melanie McKinley, 17, looks at the helicopter chassis which was carried from a landing field owned by her father, Mur- was thrown against the bedroom of her home by a tornado ray McKinley. UNIFAX which touched down at nearby Pearsall, Texas. The copter Motorists Trapped in Cars As Twisters Ravage Texas In Bugging Case, Aides May Testify By United Press International Killer tornadoes raided Texas from the Panhandle to the Gulf Coast Sunday, causing death and injury in three cities and destroying homes, cars and airplanes. At least eight persons were killed, and 19 others were injured. A huge tornado trapped motorists on Interstate 35 in southern Texas near Pearsall Sunday evening. The twister crossed the highway smashing cars to pieces and killing five persons. Nine other persons were injured in the storm. Half a mile of highway pavement was dug up. In Plainview, in the Texas Panhandle, a twister struck before dawn, killing a child fleeing for a storm cellar and a news reporter in his car following a police vehicle. An oil well worker was killed in Rockport, on the southern Texas coast, late Sunday when high winds blew an oil rig on top of him. Bodies Found Beside Freeway The persons killed in the Pearsall twister were found alongside the freeway among pieces of cars. "Most of the dead people we found had their clothing stripped off of them by the winds," said state patrolman Bill Rowan. "We found parts of cars—doors, seats, fenders—for a mile along the highway, but we can't tell how many cars were wrecked. "We have this stack of purses, but they are all barren, torn open by the tornado and emptied," he said. The Pearsall tornado also struck the Frio County Airport, where 13 airplanes were destroyed. It killed a,number of cattle along the way, leaving dead carcasses strewn along either side of a rut in the earth. The Plainview twister destroyed 25 homes and two businesses and damaged 40 other homes. It first struck the west side of town, where Kevin Lewellen, 2, and his parents were caught before they could reach a storm cellar. Child Killed The child v/as killed and his father was hospitalized with serious injuries. News Editor David C. Bryant, 30, of the Plainview Daily Herald, was in his car traveling 50 yards behind a patrol car when the twister struck his car, wrecking it and killing him. His wife who was with him at the time was hospitalized in shock. The patrol car was overturned, but the men inside survived with only minor injuries. Twisters also hit Corsicana, in north-central Texas, where a grocery warehouse and several homes were destroyed and two persons injured, and in the Gulf of Mexico off Corpus Christi, near Rockport. ' By WESLEY G. PIPPERT WASHINGTON (UPI) - Signals from the White House and Sen. Sam J. Ervin Jr. indicated compromise might be in the works today for White House aides to present open, sworn testimony before the Senate investigating committee in the Watergate bugging case. Former Attorney General John N. Mitchell emerged from the White House Saturday and said that he believes "everybody in the White Hiuse who has been remotely involved will be testifying." At the same time, Ervin, chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities, was asked about a possible formula under which White House aides would go to Capitol Hill to testify openly but would reserve the right to invoke executive privilege on specific questions. "Any witness has the legal right to invoke any right he wishes before any congressional committee," Ervin told UPI. "I think a White House aide should be accorded the same rights as any other witness." Until now, President Nixon has refused to let White House aides testify on grounds that his communications with his aides are confldential. The compromise formula would allow aides' to refuse to answer questions about Cambodia, the Vietnam cease-fire, and other sensitive areas not du-ertly related to Watergate. In other action today: —Ervin called a meeting of the committee but denied it had anything to do with staff problems, adding he had "complete confidence" in the abiiit)! of the committee and the staff to get to the bottom of the Watergate case. Attorneys for both sides postponed a scheduled deposition in the Democrats' $6.4 million civil damage suit by Hugh W. Sloan Jr., former of the Finance to Re-elect the SAIGON (UPI) - A South Vietnamese military source said "several platoons'^ of troops crossed into Cambodia Sunday, the fu-st major hicur- sion reported since the Vietnam cease-flre months ago, to aid a supply ship set afu-e on the Mekong river by Communists. But the official South Vietnamese military spokesman today uisist'ed that the troops remained on the South Vietnamese side of the frontier. "There were no military operations in Cambodia by ARVN (Amy of th« RepubUc of Vtethiml troops," the spokesman said. The reported crossing into Cambodia would foe the first oi any size since the Jan. 28 cease-fire. South Vietnamese reconnaissance patrols of up to platoon size always have operated in Cambodia. The source said the men, most of them irregular militiamen and border rangers, crossed the border about 105 mites west of Saigon near the town of Tan Chau and entered Cambodia for a short distance. The source said the men returned soon afterward. The burning ship was part of convoy carrying food, fuel and ammunition to Phnom Penh. The ship was Identified as the Mina 11, registered in Panama. Eight ships were able to make the 60-mile run up the Mekong river Sunday to the Cambodian capital. A platoon, is about 35 men, but the source did not know how many platoons participated in the crossing Sunday. There were no reports of casualties. The source said the troops were foUowmg the policy of "hot pvjjrsuit" which traditionally has been to chase the Connmuhists as far as six miles across the border. He said such chases . have been takuig place for at least the last 16 yeal's. In ground action in Vietnam, two South Vietnamese battalion commanders were killed Sunday in separate incidents, military sources said. A commander of the 1st nfantry Division battalion was killed along the Hue western defense line in an artillery barrage, the sources said. .A militia battalion commander was killed when his vehicle hit mine in Lam Dong province about 100 miles north of Saigon. Defense Cuts Could Ruin Talks By HELEN THOMAS WASHINGTON (UPI) President Nixon told about 4,000 construction workers today that those who advocate slashing the defense budget would destroy any chance of negotiating further nuclear disarmament. He said cutbacks in defense spenduig would make the United States impotent at negotiations for a mutual reduction of forces in Europe. Negotiations on force reductions will open with Warsaw Pact countries this fall. "There will be no deal," if the United States bargains from, weakness, Nixon told National Conference of Bi41ding and Construction Trades, a group representing about 3.5 million construction workers through- I out the United States. "It is essential if we're going to make any kind of deal with them that to get anything from them you have got to have something to give." The President spent much of ills 15-minute talk thanking the construction workers for backing him on his policies on South Vietnam. He recalled that in May, 1970 when he made the decision to send U.S. forces into Cambodia the construction workers marched In support. Those who would cut defense spending, he said, "will have to take upon tiiemselves the responsibility of sabotaging the peace of the world that now seems so promising and destroying any chance of further arms limitaltons." Nixon appeared before the group shortly after Rep. Gerald R. Ford, R-Mich., was loudly booed when he attempted to defend Nixon administration economic policies. In his remarks, Nixon stayed away from specific discussion of rising prices, but defended his position in holding federal spending to a $268 billion level. "It 's no pleasure for thej President of the United States; to veto spending bills and, after all, it isn 't my money— it 's yours," he said. Shortly before Nixon spoke, the union delegates cheered House Speaker Carl Albert, D- Okla., when he said the administration's economic controls had been unfair to labor. Then they hooted at Ford. Shouts of "No! No!" swept the audience when Ford said, "Jobs are up and unemployment down." And when Ford said the President was making every effort to hold down taxes and prevent a tax increase, one union leader shouted "close the loopholes." Nine presidents of the 17 unions In the building and construction trades department of the AFL-CIO personally endorsed Nixon in the 1972 election, while the other eight remained neutral. Nixon reviewed the tough and often unpopular decisions he had to make on Southeast Asia —the 1970 decision to send troops into Cambodia; the May 8, 1972, decision to step up the bombmg in Hanoi and Hai phong; and the decision Dec. 18 to resume bombing the North when peace seemed so close. On each occasion, he said, construction union leaders gave him their full backing. "Had it not been for those hard decisions...our POWs would still be in Hanoi," Nixon said. "But thanks to yojir help...they are home and we are building a peace with honor." treasurer Committee President. Maurice Dunie, counsel for U. S. Threatens Bombing WASHINGTON UPI) - The Pentagon said today that North Vietnamese forces have violated the cease-fire m Laos by overrunning a town held by the Laotion Royalists, and added that the United States is considering renewing its bombing in Laos. Pentagon spokesman Jerry W. Friedheim said, "We are watching very closely a move by North Vietnamese forces south of the Plain of Jars ... we are considering whether it will require any response on our part." Friedheim said the United States was consulting with the Laotian government about supplying assistance. "We are thinking primarily about the possibihty of U. S. au- support," Friedheim said. He said he was making the disclosure only "a few hours" after North Vietnamese forces—using both tanks and infantry —had overrun the town of Tha Vieng. "It is, of course, a violation of the Laotian cease-fire," Friedheim said. The United States has not bombed in Laos for apptoxi- mately one month. the Democratic Central Com.- mittee, said that he was involved in another matter today and Sloan had asked to spend some time away with his family. According to the FBI, Sloan handled disbursements of "large sums to various committee officials for unknown reasons" and turned over $199,000 to conunittee counsel G. Gordon Liddy, who later was convicted in the case, with "no idea" of what the money was to be used for. Mitchell's statement to reporters was one of the first Indications that the White House was retreating from the hard line laid down by Attorney General Richard G. Kleindienst last week In which Kleindienst said that executive privilege extended to every federal employe whether criminal allegations were involved or not. 274 Military Bases to Close WASHINGTON (UPI) Navy Secretary John Warner told members of Congress today that 274 military installa tlons across the nation— mcludlng the Boston Navy Yard —are being cV)sed in an effort to save $1 bilUon a year in defense costs. Warner (old a meeting of the Pennsylvania congressional delegation that the closuigs would involve the loss of 16,640 military and 21,172 civilian jobs. He said in the meeting at the office of Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott that the Philadelphia and Portsmouth, N.H. Navy Yards would remain open, but the Boston Navy Yard would be closed. Warner told the group that over the past 10 years "through the cutbacks in defense spending, the Navy has had to reduce the number of ships 42 per cent, aircraft 21 per cent and people 27 per cent." "During this same period of time there has been little or no cutback in shore facilities. People across the United States have demanded defense reductions and we have had to look at a base structure realignment across the United States," Warner said. Military officers began hand- carrying to members of Congress the mformation on base closings.
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