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Page 14 REDUNDS, CAIIFORNIA MARCH 23, 1964 Unruh offers compromise on school redistrlcting Assembly Speaker Jesse Unruh, seeing &f impossibility of getting his radical reorganization of school district plan approved is offering to compromise. He proposes up to S75 million in new state aid to unified high school districts which are certified as eligible by the State Board of Education. Districts which are not unified would i-eceive nothing in new state aid. Each unified district (the high school and the elementary schools which serve it operating under one board of trustees) with an average daily attendance of 2000 pupils or more would be eligible for certification. A unified district which covered an entii"e county would be eligible i-egardless of its school enrollment Voluntary unifications would continue until Januai-y 1, 1967. At that time the Board of Education would have the authority to mandate unification of remaining ununified territory. Tlie new progi-am would reduce the number of school districts in California from the present more than 1500 to approximately 250 in 1967, Unruh estimates. The Speakea' says that his proposal would reduce the ratio of assessed property value per child from a disparity of 2000 to 1 to 17 to 1. Assessed value is determined by dividing the number of pupils enrolled in a district by the total assessed value of taxable property in the district The ratio represents the variation between the wealthiest and poorest districts which Un- iTjh says ranges now from a high of $600,000 per child to a low of 5249. It would appear that the Redlands School district would qualify for certification as it is unified and has an average daily attendance of 2000 pupils. The problem of providing equal education to all students through equalization of taxation is regularly before the Legislature for solution. Districts rich in assessed valuation such as Beverly Hills, receive less state aid than poorer districts. No plan, however, under the present divided system of taxation will ever give full equality. While consolidation of school districts may tend to equalize school resources, it does not necessaiily follow that big districts will provide the best administration and the best utilization of funds. Equalization of assessment should be only one goal. The other should be dose local control of schools and an informed and responsible citizem-y reviewing, questioning and assisting in formulating educational policies. The present session of the Legislature should not adjoum without resolving the question of additional state aid. The local property ta.\payer is looking to the Legislature for help. He deserves it Spore a thought for Casey America O\VGS that famous railroad engineer Casey Jones — or at least his memory — one of those clever 'Oops, I forgot!" birthday cards. For the 100th annivei'sary of his birth was allowied to slip by March 14 with little or no recognition, despite the fact that practically no one ever gained such fame from an accident in which only one life was lost. As almost everyone knew at one time or another Casey Jones died at the throttle of his Illinois Central locomotive in an accident at Vaughan, Miss., April 30, 1900. He \\BS immortalized through a song written by T. Lawrence Seibert and Eddie Newton. Chances are their birthdays were forgotten too. Such is fame. The Newsreel The way his wife is spending his pay check, the man at the next desk says she must be a draft-dodger in the war against poverty. Premier Khanh of Vietnam wants to get the leisure classes into the army. Some of the most leisurely people we ever knew were ones we met in uniform. Harold Stassen lingers at that awkward stage, between boy wonder and elder statesman. Congressmen would like the 510,000 pay hike but are too shy to say so. Maybe they could have their wives go up to Capitol Hill and vote for it A neighbor down the street hopes the whole thing blows over before Father's Day because he's pretty sure if it doesn't the kids plan on giving him a Beatle sweatshirt A critic says that mere technical progress doesn't bring happiness, and he's right; the world is no better off than it was before the invention of the self-opening beer can. A science fiction writer saj-s tlie insects, planning to take o\^r the world, are listening in on our conversations. This is the end, if the bugs have us bugged. The way the administration is going, a man hurries home apprehensively at the end of the day for fear his wife has been appointed to something. With a Grain Of Salt By Frank and Bin Moore (Mr. ami Mrs. Frank E. Meere have retumtd with Winflow S. Lincoln from a twe-weeic, airplane trip to Guatemala City. Columns in this series will continue hr several days.) By FRANK MOORE LAKE ATITLAN, Guatemala — The automatic washing machine has not reached the villages of the Guatemala highlands. In each town, near the road, we find a public "washateria". This is a shallow pool about 20 by 30 feet. Around it stand table - height stones which are scooped out on lop to form basins. Over these stones there is a tin roof for shade. The village women bring their laundry which invariably includes many diapers because there are so many babies. They put the garment to be washed on the stone, pour a basin of water over it and soap it. Then they spread it on Ihe nearby grass to bleach in the sun. After a time they take it back to the stone, rinse it, and again spread it out on the grass, this time to dry. In many of these towns and villages it cannot be said that a mother carries her haby. More aptly — she "wears" it. While watching one woman washing clothes we failed to notice, at first, that she had her baby in a cloth pouch on her back. You will sec a woman walking along the road, carrying a crock of water on her head, and a child on her back. They think nothing of it. The baby is part of the mother's dress. But it took Maria in Antigua to give the full demonstration. She was at the door of the hotel when we arrived, insistently offering to sell bright textiles for "five dollahs". She wore her baby on her back and two very small girls played patiently on the stone steps beside her. After making a sale she heeded the baby, opened her dress and gave him brunch. When our bus moved on to the ruins of the ancient cathedral Maria had beaten us there with her three young ones. There she sold several dolls — and again nursed her baby. It was obvious she would beat us to the next stoppmg place and again pacify her youngest one — which she did. The trees of Guatemala make a Redlander feel at home. This is the place our avocado trees came from originally. In Antigua stands the parent tree ... the equivalent of the parent Washington navel orange tree which is enshrined at Riverside. The jacaranda grows everywhere as a street tree, but at this time of year with many blue blossoms and few fern-like leaves. There arc oranges, peppers, palms. It is not until you sec the coffee farms that you get the big surprise. The broad leaf bushes with bright red berries are grown in the shade of a forest of trees tliat stand about 50 to 60 feet high. The shade trees are grevillas — the black acacias which arc bright with yellow combs. These were once favored as street ornamentals in Redlands but were found to be a nuisance because they drop so many dead leaves. However you can still find one handsome row of them in front of the Lincoln school on Texas street — but no coffee plants beneath them. Coffee is grown in Guatemala from sea level to perhaps 8,000 feet. We are told by a knowledgeable resident of Guatemala City that as a rule, the higher the elevation the better the quality. Also, fertilizer will produce higher jiclds, but the beans are of poorer quality. We are also told that the school year includes vacation in November and December be- U.S. seeks way to curb U.N. voting By WILLIAM S. WHUE Redlands Yesterdays FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 66, lowest 51. School Trustees currently planning to raze present fine arts building, erect six portable classrooms and a large general purpose buildmg, mcluding cafeteria, as part of continuing construction program at R e d- lands Senior high. Hospital board authorizes remodeling of laboratory, addition of a new recovery room and a doctor's library and lounge with funds still coming in from 1957 community campaign. Public hearing tomorrow may well determine whether the county will build its Redlands branch at Pine and North Center. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 45, lowest 38. Many residents of Calimcsa fill Supervisors chamber to overflowing in effort to gain single family residential zoning for 130 acres "or the whole valley." Application was denied. In wake of wave of vandalism, executive committee of I^Icntone Chamber of Commerce e-xplorcs possibility of establishing a Police Protection district. Construction program at new Grand Central Aircraft plant in Mentone slowed by four - day rainfall which totals 2.20 inches in Redlands. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 60, lowest 41. Redlands Elks Lodge to enter a pistol team in competition with other Elks Lodges in the area. This is a "first" for the local Lodge, reports coach Gus Deshler. Andy Nickles and Kent Hansen get theur Eagle awards at Boy Scout court of honor. Although rainfall is heavier in the mountains, there is scant snow and Redlands gets only .15 from disappointing sprmg storm. cause that is the peak of the coffee harvesting season. The children of Indian families help with the picking. It might be that someone will contradict this assertion, a caution we offer, remembering what one of the older geography books said about our own town. "In Redlands, the schools are dismissed in the harvest season and men, women and children turn out to pick oranges." Who needs braceros. . . or Indian children? TELEVISION MONDAY NIGHT 5:00— 7—Hawaiian Eye 9—Engineer Bill 11—Superman 13—Thaxton's Hop 5:30— 5—Whklybirds 11—Jliss Teen Pageant 5:40— 4—Believe It or Not 5:45— 4, 13—News 6:00— 2, 7—News 5-You Asked For It 3—Movie 11—Wanted—Dead or Alive 13—Touche TurUe (C) 6:30— 4, 5. 11—News 13—Woody Woodpecker 6:45— 7—News 7:00— 2—News 4—Golden Voyage (C) 5—Leave it to Beaver 7—Dickens . . . Fenster 9—People Are Funny 11—Wide Country 13-Wild Cargo-Travel 7:30_ 2-To Tell the Truth 4—Movie 5—Addograms 7—Outer Limits 9-Dobie Gillis 13-Holiday (C) 8;0O— 2—I've Got a Secret 5—Lawman 9—Movie 11—ThriUcr 13—Stoney Burke 8:30— 2—Lucy—Comedy 5—Special of Uie Week 7-Wagon Train <C) 9:00-^ 2—Danny Thomas 11—Target: Corruptors 13—Adventure Theater 9:30-2—Andy Griffith 4—HoUywood & the Stars 5—Stump the Stars 13—Call Mr. D.—Mystery 9:45— 9—News 10:00— 2—East SidcTVest Side 4-Sing Along (C) 5—Detectives 7—Breaking Point 9—Jlovie 11. 13—News 10:30—13—Harrigan t Son 11:00- 2, 4, 5. 7—News 11—Best Paris Fashions 13—Boston Blackie 11:15—4-^ohnny Carson (C) 11:30- 2—Movie 5—Steve Allen 7—Laramie (C) 11—Movie 13—Movie TUESDAY DAYTIME 9:00— 2—News 4~Say When 5—Romper Room 7—1 Married Joan 9—King and Odic 11—Jack LaLanne 13-News 9:15— 9—Babysitter 13—Film Feature 9:25- 4—News 9:30— 2—1 Love Lucy BERRrS WORLD 4-Word for Word (c) 7—Pamela Mason 11—Movie 13—Movie 10:00— 2—McCoys 4—Concentration 5—Restless Gun 9—Movie 10:30— 2—Pete and Gladys 4—Missing Links (C) 5—Mr. Lucky 7-Giri Talk 13—Movie 11:00— 2-Love of Life 4—First Impression (C) 5—Cross Current 7-Price Is Right 11:25— 2—News 11:30— 2—Search for Tomorrow 4—Truth or Consequences 5—Peter Gunn 7—Object Is 9—Photography 11—Lunch Brigade 13—Ann Sothem 11:45- 2-Guiding Light 11:55— 4—News 12:00— 2—Bums and Allen 4—Let's Make a Deal 5—Thin Man 7—Seven Keys 9—Beginnings 13—Movie 12:25— 4—News 12:30- 2-As the World Turns 4—Doctors 5—TV Bingo 7—Father Knows Best 9—Movie 11—Movie 1:00— 2—Password 4—Loretta Young 5—Movie 7—Ernie Ford 1:30— 2—House Party 4-You Don't Say! (C) 7—Mike Douglas 13-Robin Hood 2:00- 2—To Tell the Truth 4—Match Game 3—Movie 11—Movie 13—Vagabond 2:25— 2, 4-News 2:30-2-Edge of Night 4—Make Room for Daddy 7—Day in Court 13—Ann Sothem 2:55— 7—News 3:00— 2—Secret Storm 4—Bachelor Father 7—General Hospital 13-Felix the Cat 3:30- 2-My LitUe Margie 4 -TMovie 7—Queen for a Day 11—Deputy Dawg, Dick Tracy 3:45— 9—News 4:00— 2—Life of Riley 5—Just for Fun 7—Trailmaster 9—Mighty Hercules (c) 4:30— 2—Movie 11—Lone Ranger 4:45—13—Rocky i His Friends WASHINGTON — The United States has opened a search for a desperately needed way to reduce the power potential of sheer irresponsibility within the United Nations. This is the "one nation-one vote" formula in the General Assembly by which the s m a 11 powers — notably the newly emerging African and Asian ones — could conceivably commit the great powers — including us — to absurd and dangerous policies simply by forming mere numerical majorities. An excessive concept of democracy has at last given new urgency to an old doctrine that just as national government needs checks on mere headcount majorities, so does world governance. The one nation-one vote motion is precisely comparable to the proposition that one rabbit equals one horse. Still it exists — and it gets worse and worse. For years, some who reject the notion that U.N. processes are automatically above criticism, once "world opmion" has spoken through an Assembly majority, have been in fear of these oversimplifications. And this fear has heightened precisely as the Assembly's membership has increased with the arrival of new nations. What started as a group of 51 now stands at 113. and there is every prospect that the next decade will see 125 to 130 members. In a word, the responsible world powers are now at best in an uncinched saddle. It is now possible for a two-thirds Assembly majority to be formed by countries holding 10 per cent of the world's population, practically nothing of the world's economic and military power, vur- tually none of the world's age- old experience in statecraft — and very little idea of what any of it is all about. Now, the State Department is prepared publicly to concede, for the first fimc so far as one knows, that something really must be done about this situation. Accordingly, Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Assistant Secretary Harlan Cleveland have begun quiet explorations for some answers. The project necessarily moves on the softest of feet. This government supports the U.N. and largely pays the freight. And it has no least intention of putting LIGHTER SIDE By DICK WEST Meet whot's-his-nome "HistoneaUy, et course, there was a time wlien we iag fonama the most.'" WASHINGTON (UPI) - What this country needs is a new book of etiquette. Right, Emily?" Particularly is this true of the chapter on introducUons. In my lifetime thus far I probably have been mtroduced to' 5.000 people and I would guess that 5,000 others have been introduced to me. Yet I have never once learned anyone's name during a formal introduction. Names uttered at those moments leave no more impression on my brain than the college algebra classes I . once attended. If the hostess at a cocktail party introduces me to one of the guests, I always have to sidle up to the hostess later and whisper, "What did you say that fellow's name was?" That's if I'm lucky. Hostess Departs In most cases she wanders off and leaves me stuck with the person whose name I didn't catch. Then another guest will join us and ask to be introduced. - I'll concede that my memory could never compete in an ad hesive co.itest with the cheaper grades of flypaper. But I do I say that I can ordinarily remember words no longer than most proper names for at least 15 seconds after I hear them. I blame the mental blackout that I experience during introductions on the cumbersome procedure set forth in the etiquette books for performmg this function. As soon as an introduction be- igins. I immediately start trying to decide how I am going to acknowledge it — whether I am gomg to say "How do you do," 'Pleased to meet you," or "Charmed, I'm sure." The Ritual It is preoccupation with the ritual of the introduction that causes me to miss the names. And the same is true when I am performing an introduction. I get so intent on trying to remember whether the lady is introduced to the man, or whether the older person is introduced to the younger, that I forget the names of the people I am introducing. I With friends this is embar- Irassing and when one of the itself in a position where UJf. right-or-wrongers can cry that Washington is becommg "anti- U.N." (parenthetically, the experience of others suggests that even this may happen unless Washington is very, very careful Some people, and some countries, regard any criticism of the U.N. as crass attack upon a holy vessel.) No one pretends as yet to know just how reform can be brought about. But few here now deny that some means must be found so that those nations which are going to bear the total burden of a particular U.N. policy — say an intervention for peace - keeping — are allowed the critical voice in how it is to be done, if, indeed, it is to be done at all. Perhaps the thing can be got at by creating sub-bodies within the Assembly and giving them practical decision over certain issues, much as some Congressional committees function. Perhaps there can be some other form of delegation of power. At all events, the central point is the clear possibility that runaway and irresponsible numerical majorities may become the tail wagging of the ostensibly smaller but infinitely more important dog that is the major world powers. All this may seem hopeless. The one nation-one vote principle can only be dislodged outright on the bleakly improbable assumption that its very beneficiaries can be persuaded it ought to be abandoned. Still, it does not follow that the question cannot be finessed short of an open attack on that sanctified doctrine of profound error which holds that a Ghana ought to have as much to say about the world as the United States, even though a Ghana be both unable and unwilling to do any^ thing effective about that world. Moreover, in this matter the great powers have some common interest, cold war or no cold war. It is not improbable that even the Soviet Union might see the desirability of a reform in Assembly procedures. Even the most implacable of big antagonists can sense the danger, common to both, of letting weak, the ine.xperienced and the more or less irrelevant new nations maintam the potential to handcuff the strong. (CopjTight, 1964, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) THE WELL CHILD CF remains a mystery, but can be controlled By Dr. Waj-ne G. Brandstadt One of the mystery diseases of the medical profession is cystic fibrosis. This is because it takes different forms in different victims and is subject to wide variations. Until recent advances were made, it caused more deaths in children under 7 than rheumatic fever, poliomyelitis and diabetes combined. CF is a disease of the sweat glands, pancreas and mucous glands of the digestive tract and lungs but it usually involves one of these systems more severely than the others. Thus, a child might die of mucous obstruction of the lungs or the intestines. If the sweat glands are involved, the child loses such Teletips TOP SHOW: — 9:00, Chan. 2. Danny Thomas Show. When little Italian singer Piccola Pupa loses her pet dog, she's so upset she can't sing. 8:30 — Chan. 2. The Lucy Show. Lucy adds a unique flavor to politics when she volunteers to help Mr. Mooney's campaign for city controller. 9:30 — Chan. 2. Andy Griffith Show. Things go wrong when Gomer (Jim Nabors) tries to adapt his mechanical talent- normally confined to autos — to the freezer motor. 1C:00 — Chan. 7. Breaking Point. "Glass Flowers Never Drop Petals." Jessica. Tandy stars as woman perfectionist who attempts suicide when beset by anxieties, despite her perfect marriage. _ names that slip your mind happens to belong to the woman you married it is downright painful. Which is why I say that what this country needs is a new book of etiquette. The rules should be rewritten to require that when two or more persons are introduced they must cement the acquaintance by Indian wrestling. You will never forget the name of anyone you have bested at Indian WTestling. Or of anyone who has bested you. Besides that, it helps get a cocktail party off to a good start. quantities of salt in the perspiration that he could become an easy victim of heat stroke if placed in a hot environment And if the digestive jmces put out by the pancreas are abnormal, the child is unable to digest fats and could die of malnutrition. This disease is now known to be caused by a hereditary trait. It must be present in both parents in order to produce cystic fibrosis in an offspring. When both parents have this trait there is a three in four probability that any one of their children will have the disease. Smce there is no way to prevent the disease, measures for its control are of the greatest importance. Because early recognition is the key to treatment, doctors sought a simple diagnostic test. All too often in the past the diagnosi5 ;was made only on the autopsy table. Then it was discovered that even in earliest infancy all babies with this disease had an abnormally high concentration of salt in their sweat. This led to the development of a simple test whereby a palm print on a chemically treated paper gave the answer immediately. One the hazards are known, your doctor can do much to improve a child's chances. Digestive juices from hog pancreas have been processed in such a way that when taken daily the victim can digest fats. Prompt treatment with anibiotics is essential to control respiratory infections because such infections go very hard with the child who has cystic fibrosis. Such a child must be given the protection afforded 'oy whooping caugh and measles vaccmes. When thick mucous secretions in the lungs are the main problem, the new L-cys- teine derivative (Mucomyst) will help keep the air passages open. Vitamin A and D supplements are often helpful. All these and other.measures will control the disease so that the once-doomed child may grow to maturity. TREASURE HOUSE Your unused.foniitnre or appliances win find a ready market throu^ Classified Ads.