Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on May 18, 1974 · Page 8
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May 18, 1974

Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 8

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Carroll, Iowa
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Saturday, May 18, 1974
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Page 8
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Vague Laws Hinder Nazi War Criminals Hunt; Apathy Hurts., too NEW YORK - (NEA) When the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service opened a National Office for Nazi War Criminals last July. Nathan Sobel and hundreds of other Jewish survivors of World War II were gratified. For years the survivors had insisted, naming names, that Nazi officers had immigrated to America and were anonymously enjoying the blessings of a system they had tried to destroy. Sobel, as example, was particularly interested in a pair of brothers from Philadelphia. As one who had lived through mass murders in a Jewish ghetto in the Ukranian village of Luboml. Sobel said he believed the brothers were among the Nazi policemen of the town. The brothers had been sentenced in absentia (life imprisonment) by the Russians after the war. but were granted uninhibited residence in the United States. Surely, Sobel thought, the new war criminals office would rectify this alleged inconsistency. Now, 10 months later, Sobel and many like him have lost their gratitude to the U.S. immigration department and their enthusiasm for the war criminals office. The brothers are still in America, so are the rest of the originally accused offenders, and critics charge authorities with being less than serious about the entire matter. For its part the war criminals office insists it is doing everything legally possible. Director Sam Zutti says "no rock has been left in place" in the search for war criminals. He says immigration officers in 43 domestic branches and several more overseas have cooperated in searching for "every thread" of evidence. "We've been in Israel, we've been behind the Iron Curtain, we've been everywhere we thought we might talk to eyewitnesses. But it's been very difficult." Difficult indeed, and statistically almost futile. Immigration records indicate that investigations have been made into the backgrounds and whereabouts of at least 71 accused individuals, yet to date not one of them has been 8 Times Herald, Carroll, la. Saturday, May 18, 1974 deported. (Last year authorities did deport one Nazi concentration camp guard. Hermine Braunsteiner Ryan, but the case was not handled by the new war criminals office.) Eighteen of the original 71 accused have never been verified (located), 17 of them have died, and two have left the country for their own reasons. "This-leaves 32 on the active list," says Zutti. "plus we may add a few. We are working on every lead we get." Many believe Zutti is not working hard enough, among them former Immigration employes who have left the service in disgust. One ex-officer, who pleads privacy, says "the Service is not heartless in the matter, it wants to catch the Nazis, too — but it's so damned incompetent and feeble." Another former employe, an investigator named Tony Devito. is trying to peddle an expose manuscript which observers say is "a flat denunciation of Immigration bumbling." One instance of bumbling, say the angry men. involved a wartime high official of the government of Croatia (part of Yugoslavia), briefly set up as a fascist state by Mussolini. Its leaders have been accused of sundry attrocities. One leader. Auturo Artukovic, now living in California, was ordered deported at Yugoslav request in 1953, but the order was never carried out. Immigration officials say it was feared Artukovic would be "persecuted rather than prosecuted" by Yugoslavia and so he remains in this country. Immigration officials say they realize such decisions as that made in the Artukovic case are open to criticism and condemnation. But they believe they can not do otherwise than to follow the law and the democratic conscience. "We're between the rock and the hard place in these things," says a Washington Immigration veteran. "A lot of us too would like to weed out the Nazis — hell, I fought them myself in the war. But the laws on deportation are strict." Actually, the deportation laws are in many cases almost impossible to surmount. Sol Marks, district director for Immigration in New York, says "the language of the court is that there must be 'clear, convincing and unequivocable' evidence to warrant a denaturalization or deportation. No hearsay evidence is allowed, no circumstantial evidence." Adds Zutti: "We need hard, undeniable facts." Unfortunately, the nature of most war criminal cases is that there are no hard facts. The lapse of time, for one thing, has caused an attrition of witness and a fogging of precise memory. Sighs a New York official of the B'nai B'rith Anti-Defamation League: "How the hell can you get eyewitnesses against a war criminal who exterminated an entire population?" And even when witnesses do exist, faces change, plastic surgery has sometimes helped: unless there are many witnesses, testifying to the exact same things, the accused can be acquitted because he is fatter, now bearded or bald. Besides this, there are the political implications of deportation. The Russians, for example, are forever hungry to throw someone in jail. And what with the accusations of a n t i - s e m i t i s m being increasingly hung on them, they are today presumably more interested than ever to thump someone for a real or imagined Jewish atrocity. For this reason, the United States does not recognize the verdicts of trials in absentia and will even protect and shelter the guilty if, according to the immigration code, the deported "would be subject to persecution on account of race, religion or political opinion." But despite all these legalities and rationalizations. critics maintain the new office of war criminals has so low a profile it is all but publicly unknown and all but functionally inactive. "I was in Israel recently," says one Jewish official. 4 Memorial — This Memorial Day will mark the 12th anniversary of the dedication of the USS Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. It marks the site of the sunken hull of the battleship USS Arizona which was destroyed in the attack of December 7, 1941, with the loss of 1,177 of its 1,500 man crew, 1,000 of whom are still entombed inside. Arizona's dead represented 49 American states and territories. 3 Area Men Were Killed on Arizona Bowling I'lN I'AI. LKAdl'K Team Standings I'oints Carroll Lumber 4 Carroll Bowl -1 Norm's Locker Old Home Keiff s Standard Halbur InsurniK'i' & Investments Knlex's Host Home Mac's Casino I Little Cius's 1 H & H Super Valu . . . . 1 Red Carpel Lounge . . 1 Snyder Tree Service I High Ind Single dame— din Knobbe 204 Liz Schaefer 190 I'egg\ Stephens!)!! . ... 180 High Ind Three dames- din Knobbe . 523 Donna Welbourn . 502 Liz Schaefer . . . .493 High Team Single dame— Carroll Lumber . 621 Carroll Lumber 594 Ked Carpel Lounge . 580 High Team Three dame- Carroll Lumber 1792 Norm's Locker . 1686 Old Homo 1662 WOODCHOPPERS Team Standings Total Points Jacobsen Travel Agency 75'z Leisure Lounge 75 Red Carpet Lounge 73' 2 Bierl's Parkway Furniture 73 Foley's Rest Home 70' 2 Personal Lenders 67 Falstaff Beer 65 Commercial Bank 62 Mister D's 58 Carroll Bowl 53'2 Dart Service 49 Snappy Popcorn 41 High Ind. Single Game — Virginia Tharnish 225 Doreen Badding 191 Virginia Tharnish 182 High Ind. Three Games — Virginia Tharnish 573 Coleen Beidler «" Linda Schaefer 48 ° High Tem Single Game- Commercial Bank 844 Leisure Lounge ....'. 844 Falstaff 828 High Team Three Games Jacobsen 2398 Falstaff 2384 Foley's 2365 Early on the morning of May 27, at 103 national cemeteries across America, dignitaries and visitors will gather to memorialize those who have given their lives in the nation's wars. One of the most dramatic and moving of these observances will occur at the nation's most unusual military gravesite — the USS Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Three Carroll area men were killed during the attack on the battleship — Sic Charles B. Loustanauof Gray, Flc Myrle Clarence Davis of Sac City and Sic Howard Alton Bowman of Coon Rapids. They were among 25 lowans representing 23 towns across the state who died aboard the Arizona. Resting on the bottom of Pearl Harbor in 38 feet of water is the hulk of the battleship, sunk in the surprise attack on December 7,1941. The Arizona, struck by five large, armor-piercing bombs, died at its moorings beside Ford Island, along with 1,104 sailors and 73 marines out of its 1,500-man crew. The battleship became the permanent tomb of more than 1,000 of its dead. Trapped pockets of gas made it too hazardous to salvage the hull or remove the bodies. Arizona's dead, ranging in rank from seaman to admiral and including many races and religions, came from 759 different towns in 49 American states and territories — a true microcosm of the American melting pot. Their names are inscribed in marble in the memorial. Dedicated on Memorial Day, 1972, the memorial was built with a combination of federal and state of Hawaii funds as well as public contributions. It can be reached only by boat and the Navy operates a free public boat service to and from the memorial. The memorial has become Hawaii's most popular visitor site. Since 1962 nearly 3.5 million visitors have taken the Navy boat trip out to the memorial while another 7.5 million have passed it on boat tours of Pearl Harbor. Spanning the sunken battleship's hull, the Memorial is an enclosed bridge, 184 feet long, which rests on two massive girders supported by pilings. It does not touch any part of the ship's hull, which is clearly visible in the harbor waters beneath. There is a widespread but erroneous belief that USS Arizona has never been decommissioned as a ship of the U.S. fleet. Stricken from the Navy Register during World War II, the battleship is described by Navy officials at Pearl Harbor as being in "sentimental commission" and ships passing the Memorial customarily render passing honors as they would to an active ship. As a special tribute to all the American fighting men who died in the Pearl Harbor attack, the American flag is flown daily from a flagpole mounted to the ship's mainmast. VISIT OUR KITCHEN CENTER THIS SUNDAY 1-5:00 p.m ^^ Save On H iah Quality Rppuflnct CEDTER SINCE iS3S, PRICES COOP THROUGH WED., MAY 22-9:00 p.m Westinghouse Convertible Dishwasher with 2-Pushbutton Control • Porcelain Interior • Single or double wash • Tilt guard door Regular S 249 9S Model SC400P WESTINGHOUSE 17.2 FROST-FREE REFRIGERATOR • Slim Wall Insulation • Glides Out on Rollers Regular *349 95 $328 TSAV^ Westinghouse Deluxe Compact Room Air Conditioner Westinghouse 30-Inch Electric Range • Automatic time center • Plug out elements • Wood grain handles Regular *249' 5 198 Model KF330R 'SAVEV $50°° Model RT173R 5,000 BTU Regular *129 95 98 Walters is your Dependability Store - We've serviced area residents for 3 generations! OTHER DEALERS HAVE COME AND GONE! Watters have remained to insure your investment in quality appliances. WESTINGHOUSE WASHER AND ELECTRIC DRYER • 1 4 Ib. capacity • Designed for perma-press 358 BUY A PAIR AND SAVE Price includes 1 year service and 5 year warranty on transmission WESTINGHOUSE DELUXE PAIR • Regular Gentle Perma-Press Cycles • Heavy Duty Mechanism • Auto-Dry Cycle on Dryer 418 For Both Items LOOK OVER OUR ENTIRE LINE OF WESTINGHOUSE AIR CONDITIONERS 5000 to 27,000 BTU'S - ALL STILL AT "EARLY SEASON" PRICES Phone 792-2696 For PINK FLEET SERVICE THE AREAS FINEST SERVICE ORGANIZATION - WE FIX T.V. STEREO - APPLIANCES FAST! flPPLIflnCE CEOIER CARROLL LAKE CITY Phone 792-2525 Phone 464-3281 | STORE HOURS Monday, Tuesday, Thurs., Sat. 9-5 Wednesday and Friday 9 A.M.-9.-OOP.M. 527 N. Adams Street Carroll Ph. 792-2525 Lake City Ph. 464-3281

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