Iowa a place to grow Carroll Daily Times Herald Vol. 105 —No. 118 Return Postage Guaranteed Carroll, Iowa, Saturday, May 18, 1974 — Eight Pages Oc»livc;rocl by Cnrrirr Roy Each Rvf'nintf for fiOc Per W.pck Copy V India Sets Off an A-Blast, Enters the ^Nuclear Club' NEW DELHI, India (AP) India set off its first nuclear explosion in an underground test early today, the official Indian radio said. The blast brought the world's largest democracy into the so-called nuclear club up to now reserved for major military powers. Both Indian national news agencies said the explosion was conducted in the Rajastan area west of New Delhi, site of the Great Indian Desert. The Indian Atomic Energy Commission said the bomb was designed for such peaceful purposes as mining and earth-moving, and that India has no intention of producing nuclear weapons. But the test indicated India may be able to build such weapons in the future if it chooses to do so. In Switzerland. Pakistan's chief delegate to the Geneva disarmament conference said the Indian nuclear test will have far-reaching consequences for the entire situation on the subcontinent, whe,re India and Pakistan have fought three wars in the last quarter century. Ambassador Niaz A. Naik said the test meant a qualitative change in the political and military situation and contested the Indian claim that it was exclusively designed to serve peaceful purposes. ''We have always maintained there is no difference between tests for peaceful purposes and those for military purposes." Nairn said. "The technology is the same. We have kept warning the international community against the dangers of this backdoor entry into the nuclearclub." There was no immediate reaction from Washington. D.C. In Russia. India's ally, the official Soviet news agency Tass said the test was a peaceful explosion. It said the test stemmed from India's "striving to keep at the level of world technology in the peaceful uses of nuclear explosions." But in Tokyo. Japan's two Hopes Revived, Drive by Kissinger Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger arrived today in Damascus on a new. more per onal initiative toward an Israeli-Syrian disengagement. Talks Friday with Israeli officials apparently rejuvenated his flagging hopes for a settlement. Officials had announced early Friday, in the wake of this week's Arab terrorist attacks and Israeli raids on Lebanon, that Kissinger would cut short his three-week-old peace mission after his trip to Damascus. But later Friday, after his talks in Jerusalem, Kissinger said he would return to Israel after the Damascus session and continue his three-week-old mission. He is expected back in Israel tonight. The secretary's aides openly acknowledged that Kissinger had shed his role as a simple relayer of ideas and had taken the initiative in the talks. They said he had presented undisclosed "American ideas" to Is' raeli leaders on Friday. The change in plans raised hopes for a breakthrough in drawing a cease-fire line through the Golan Heights, where Israeli and Syrian gunners duelled Friday for the 67th straight day. It also indicated that this week's Palestinian guerrilla violence and Israeli retaliation, which left a total of more than 70 dead in Lebanon and Israel, had not had the terrorists' acknowledged aim of scuttling the Kissinger mission. As the talks progressed in Jerusalem, Israeli jets bombed southern Lebanon for a second day, streaking over rescue workers digging for bodies left by massive Israeli reprisals the previous day. One woman was reported killed in Friday's raids on six suspected guerrilla enclaves on the foothills of Mt. Hermon. She was added to the official Lebanese count of 48 dead, 174 wounded and 20 missing in Thursday's attacks. Turns it Down — Superstar Elvin Presley has reportedly turned down an offer of one million dollars from an Australian promoter to play only two shows in Svdnev. 5th Price Increase for Chrysler Cars DETROIT (AP) -Chrysler Corp. says increased steel costs forced it to raise prices for the second time in a month and the fifth time since September. The firm promised Friday's announcement of an average $46 hike in sticker prices will be the last increase for the model year. But it conceded there will be more hikes when 1975 models are introduced in September to cover the cost of government-mandated equipment. The firm's 1974 vehicles now have gone up an average $462 since September. The latest increase includes an average $37 on the base price of cars and trucks, effective June 1, and a $9 inc'rease in shipping charges, starting Monday. The nation's third largest automaker said the latest increase would offset recent boosts in steel costs averaging $35 a vehicle. Auto executives at General Motors, Ford and Chrysler, have indicated 1975 model cars may cost at least $175 more just to cover the cost of federally mandated emissions control equipment. The federal Cost of Living Council, which termed Chrysler and Ford price boosts earlier this month ''unwarranted'' and "irresponsible," had no comment on the latest price increase. major antinuclear organizations charged the test was "a step leading to further nuclear arms race and another environmental degradation." The Socialist-backed Japan Congress Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs and the Communist-supported Japan Council Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs made almost identical statements on India's first nuclear explosion. "The Indian experiment undoubtedly will stimulate other nations to race for further nuclear weapons developments." the Congress said. "Especially it will give Two Party Effort on Economy WASHINGTON (API With more bad economic news in the background, the administration and Congress have begun bipartisan discussions that could lead to the creation of an economic planning agency. Representatives of top administration economic advisers conferred Friday with aides to the Republican and Democratic leaders of the House and Senate on a joint approach to coping with the nation's troubled economy. They may meet again next week. As they met. the government announced that prices rose at an 11.5 per cent annual rate during the first three months of 1974. the highest rate of inflation since 1951, while the gross national product declined by 6.3 per cent. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield. D-Mont.. told reporters he met earlier on the plann i n g-agency proposal with Treasury Secretary William E. Simon. "I think we see pretty much eye to eye on some sort of a monitoring agency to flash storm signals and the like." Mansfield said. He said his proposal differed entirely from an unsuccessful administration proposal to establish the Cost of Living Council as an inflation-monitoring agency. A source close to Simon said the secretary has not made any decisions about a planning agency but does endorse a joint administration-Congress aoproach to economic problem solving. The Commerce Department said corporate profits in the first quarter rose by 12 percent to $80.2 billion, but it said the earnings ballooned partly because of the effects of inflation. Area Forecast Showers and thunderstorms, a few locally severe Saturday night and Sunday. Lows Saturday night, low 60s. Highs Sunday, low 80s. Chance of rain in percent Saturday night, 70 Sunday 50. an ideal excuse to China and France." The only nations now known to have nuclear weapons are the United States, Russia, China, Britain and France. The Indian announcement said the test was conducted at a depth of about 328 feet. The size of the bomb was not given. Experts had long suspected that India was on the verge of a nuclear bomb capacity. The consultative committee of the Indian Parliament charged with atomic energy matters was advised last year that Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's government was conducting experiments in the field. But today's announcement was the first public indication that India had the ability to build and explode a bomb. Mrs. Ghandi's government has strongly criticized atmospheric nuclear tests, particularly those conducted by China since it joined the nuclear powers in 1964. But India. like France, has refused to sign the nuclear non-proliferation treaty of July 1,1968. That pact was pushed by the United States in an effort to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons. Aluminum Prices Rise NEW YORK i AP)-Aluminum price increases that are expected ultimately to raise the prices of a wide variety of consumer goods have been announced by three of the nation's largest aluminum companies. The price increases for ingots range from 6.3 per cent to 9.1 per cent, and were described as the result of agreements reached last March with the Cost of Living Council to raise prices in stages. Pride and Joy — It measures 24 inches from tip to tip and needless to say, it is Milt Harper's pride and joy. The San Franciscan native may not sport the longest moustache in the world but certainly one of the best groomed. When asked how he sleeps with this beauty. Milt replies, "Carefully." Find Five Burned Bodies After Gun Battle With SLA Suspects LOS ANGELES (AP)-Police are trying to identify the charred bodies of five persons removed from a suspected Symbionese Liberation Army .hideout following a blazing hour-long gun battle between officers and its occupants. A spokesman for newspaper executive Randolph A. Hearst said the FBI told Hearst one of the dead was SLA leader Donald D. DeFreeze. But the FBI in both Los Angeles and San Francisco denied that agents had identified DeFreeze — alias SLA General Field Marshal Cinque.-It also denied telling Hearst any such thing. The SLA claims it kidnaped Hearst's daughter. Patricia, in Berkeley last Feb. 4. She since has renounced her family and said she had joined the terrorist organization, atlthough authorities say her statements may have been coerced. John Lester, the Hearst spokesman, told reporters of DeFreeze's reported death late Friday outside the Hearst mansion in Hillsborough. south of San Francisco. But he walked away without a word when reporters shouted, "What about Patty? What about Patty?" Earlier Lester had said. "We just hope to God that Patty is somewhere else." Authorities said they have been unable so far to identify the bodies found near air vents in the remains of the frame house which burned down during the battle. The Los Angeles County coroner's office said that as a "matter of routine" it had requested Miss Hearst's dental records for use in efforts to identify the badly disfigured bodies found in the remains of the frame house. The house burned to the ground during the gun battle. A coroner's official said the dead were apparently two men and three women but that race or age couldn't be immediately determined. But police said the women where SLA, See Page 2 Six Teens Killed in Ft. Madison Crash FORTMADISON.Iowa ( A P )—Six teenagers were killed in a flaming one-car accident on Iowa 103 north of Fort Madison late Friday. Authorities identified the victims as Joseph Sylvester Klesner, 16. of rural Salem: Richard Anthony Greenwald, 16, of Fort Madison; David Lee Fraise, 18, of rural West Point; Michael David Baxter. 16. of Fort Madison; John Edward Moothart, 15, of Fort Madison and Richard Lohman of West Point. Lee County sheriff's officers said the driver of the car apparently lost control, the vehicle ran off the left side of the Zeigler Criticizes Leaks of Secret Watergate Evidence WASHINGTON (AP) L e a k s of secret House Judiciary Committee evidence violate "the most basic sense of fairness and justice." White House Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler says. "Certain members of the committee and staff have practiced neither order, nor discipline, nor due process, and the result is that the country is being seriously — and in a calculated way — misled about the facts." Ziegler said Friday in a telephone interview from Key Biscayne, Fla. Ziegler joined White House lawyer James D. St. Clair in suggesting the committee open its hearings "so that this calculated and piecemeal parceling out of information can be assessed by the country." After four days of hearings, Chairman Peter W. Rodino Jr., D-N.J., seems determined to keep them closed, at least through next week. The committee has scheduled its next closed meeting for Tuesday. Ziegler said the leaks "will certainly have a bearing on further decisions about making information available to the committee." The Judiciary Committee • has been told by White House lawyers that it will get a response by Monday to its request for evidence relating to the ITT antitrust settlement and political contributions from the dairy industry. The committee also has subpoenaed 11 additional Watergate tapes for delivery by Wednesday. The White House has said it would not deliver any more Watergate tapes. Ziegler said Nixon talked Friday at Key Biscayne with key staff aides about committee proceedings but would give no details. In other Watergate-related developments: —C. G. "Bebe" Rebozo has a letter from former Commerce Secretary Maurice H. Stans acknowledging receipt of a secret contribution given to Rebozo by the head of the Winn-Dixie food chain, a source said. The Senate Watergate committee has been investigating $50,000 given to Rebozo in 1972 by A. D. David, vice chairman of Winn-Dixie Corp. The Washington Post has reported that the committee had been told the money never reached Nixon's campaign organization. —The Senate Judiciary Committee postponed hearings on Nixon's nomination of Earl J. Silbert, the original Watergate prosecutor, to be U.S. attorney for the District of Columbia. No explanation was provided for the postponement of the hearings, which had been scheduled to start on Tuesday. highway, struck a driveway embankment, went into the air landed on its top and caught fire. Officers were uncertain who was driving. Five of the six were dead on arrival at a Fort Madison hospital. Officers pulled Baxter from the wreck, but he died two hours later at the hospital. Moves to Reinstate the Draft WASHINGTON (AP) - A Texas congressman, contending that the concept of an a 11-volunteer armed force is harmful both to democracy and fighting effectiveness, has introduced legislation to reinstate the military draft. "The absence of Selective Service has critically impaired the fighting effectiveness of all of our armed services, and particular the Army and Marine Corps,'' Democratic Rep. Charles Wilson told a news conference Friday. "The quality of recruits for these two services has steadily declined from a mental and educational standpoint, and the combat units contain a great disporportion of culturally deprived young men," said Wilson, a Naval Academy graduate.. "You don't have to have a Ph.D in sociology to see the dangers and undesirability of having an all-black infantry led by a West Point WASP," he added. And, Wilson said, an all-voluntary force is "totally incompatible with the principles of our egalitarian democracy." North Viet Troops Threaten a Town Near Saigon World of Fun Whatever goes up, must come down, much to the delight of these brave souls aboard the roller coaster at St. Louis's amusement park "Worlds of Fun." The whir- wind ride is capable of speeds up to 59 feet per second and whisks passengers through a dense jungle-like setting when not whipping them up and down steep inclines. BEN- CAT, South Vietnam (AP) — North Vietnamese infantry, backed by at least five tanks, overran three government outposts, seized a nearby village and threatened this strategic district town only 25 miles south of Saigon, South Vietnamese field officers said today. The village that was overrun was An Dien, about half a mile west of Ben Cat. Thousands of civilians caught up in the fighting were seen fleeing southward along Highway 13 from Ben Cat and surrounding villages to Phu Cuong, 10 miles away. A Dien's population was 2,000. The refugees passed columns of South Vietnamese troops, with 50 tanks and armored personnel carriers, lined up along a three-mile stretch of Highway 13. A soldier said they were "awaiting orders." The attacks came a day after a North Vietnamese force overran a military headquarters at Dak Pek, 12 miles south of the Laotian border. There remained no word on the fate of 5.000 civilians at Dak Pek, but a Viet Cong broadcast said 600 South Vietnamese troops in the area were wiped tut. E Isewhere in South Vietnam, widespread fighting was reported from Quang Tri province in the north to the Mekong Delta in the south. Some analysis said the Communist command had stepped up its activity to observe the birthday Sunday of Ho Chi Mihn late Northe Vietnamese president and Communist leader. South Vietnamese officers said as many as 2,000 government troops had been brought into the Ben Cat area to reinforce the important town in the heart of the "Iron Triangle." The triangle, in the S.-. 1 6 on River corrider between Cambodia and Saigon, for years has been a major North Vietnamese route for sending men and supplies south. Today's action was the first time in the long Vietnam war that tanks have been used so close to the capital city, said Lt. Col. Le Trung Hien, chief spokesman for the government military command. But he said the capital was not threatened. The fall of Ben Cat would isolate Lai Khe just to the north Highway 13. a major South Vietnamese base and headquarters of the 5th Infantry Division. In other fighting, North Vietnamese troops shelled a South Vietnamese regiment at Song Be bridge, 35 miles northeast of Saigon. The fighting was reported to be continuing. The action was four miles from the district town of Phu Giao, and officers in the field said the town was in danger of falling. In Cambodia, the Phnom Penh command reported progress in a three-day-old action against Khmer Rouge insurgents advancing on the northern provincial capital of Kompong Thorn. The command said its troops smashed through rebel bunker lines in an effort to halt the insurgents four miles from the southwestern outskirts of the town in the Roluos village region. Kompong Thorn. 90 miles north of Phnom Penh, lies along Highway 6 between the capital and the fabled ruins of Angkor Wat, which are now controlled by the Khmer Rouge. Highway 6 has been closed and Kompong Thorn isolated since late 1970. About 2,000 Khmer Rouge are said to be in the area. Another government task force captured a portion of Peam Setha village, 16 miles north of the capital near Highway 5, the command said. Government armor and infantry have been pushing north for three days on Route 5 and have gained three miles of roadway. They are trying to link up with surrounded troops at Longvek, nine miles north of Peam Setha.
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