Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Thursday, May 17, 1974 Portugal Like the rebounding of a landmass after the lifting of the weight of a glacier, the nation of Portugal continues to float on a wave of euphoria following the ending of more than four decades of rightwing dictatorship. The Portuguese people, the great majority of whom have never known any other government but the one-man, one-party rule of the late Antonio de Salazar and his immediate successors, were suddenly permitted to give vent to emotions long suppressed. In quick order, the interim military junta emptied the prisons of political prisoners, disbanded the secret police, removed the yoke of censorship from newspapers and lifted the ban on the formerly outlawed Socialist and Communist parties, whose exiled leaders returned home to a feverish welcome. In the glory of the moment, political or ideological differences have been submerged, and for the moment little thought or worry is being given to what kind of government Portugal is to have in the future. The junta has promised free elections, and for now that is enough. One is reminded of the happy throngs in the streets of Havanna on New Year's Day. 1959. after dictator Fulgenicio Batista had fled the country and Fidel Castro and his victorious army entered the city — and then one thinks of what happened in the ensuing months. Fortunately, there are essential differences between the Cuban revolution and what is going on in Portugal. Compared to Batista's dictatorship, that of Salazar and his party was almost benevolent. No protracted guerrilla war preceded its toppling, which was caused not by a revolution but by a coup that was virtually bloodless. Nor have the Portuguese indulged in an orgy of mass executions of the hated political police such as the world witnessed in Cuba. Gen. Antonio de Spinola. leader of the junta, appears to be a wise and humane man with no ambition other than to bring political freedom and stable government to his countrymen. The danger to that freedom or stability, if there is any danger, is more likely to come from the left if it is buoyed into power in popular reaction to 46 years of rightist rule. The Portuguese must also soon arrive at a national consensus on how best to disengage from the African territories of Angola and Mozambique where, indeed, guerrilla war has waged for years. There may also be unpredictable repercussions in Franco's Spain, which shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, especially if Portuguese ideologues, like those of Cuba, decide to "export" their revolution. As of now, however, it can be said that only good things have happened in Portugal. That there is no residue of hatred or bitterness, and that the people of Portugal seem determined not to create any, are the best promise that an era of true freedom is dawning in a small country that has never really known it before. Don't do as I do... Former attorney general John N. Mitchell had high praise for the native wisdom of the American people and the system of justice they operate under after he, along with former commerce secretary Maurice Stans, was acquitted of all charges of conspiracy to defraud and to obstruct justice in connection with a $200,000 gift to President Nixon's 1972 re-election campaign. "The truth will out," he said. "We've got the jury system, and that always works. Our fate was resting with a very fine jury — a cross-section of Americans." This is the same John Mitchell who in 1970, when he was attorney general, called the killing of four Kent State students by Ohio National Guardsmen "unnecessary, unwarranted and inexcusable" — and nevertheless refused to permit a cross-section of Americans in the form of a federal grand jury to investigate the tragedy on the grounds that no purpose would be served. Evidently it makes a difference which end of the system you're on. Doing it Easy It's nice to hear of simple solutions for complex problems. Witness Dow Chemical's trick to insulate heated liquids in open tanks at Freeport, Tex. Heat loss was serious, lids for the tanks impracticable. What to do? What Dow did was to float hundreds of small, hollow plastic balls on the surface of the liquids. The balls move up and down with the level, reducing evaporation by 89 per cent. It's one of those wish-I d-thought-of-that ways of doing a hard thing easily. Timely Quotes — "How do you prove to the public that you're honest? You can't say it. (Spiro) Agnew said it but the words are not convincing." —California Republican gubernatorial aspirant Houston Flournoy, outlining campaign goals. "Hey, Champ! Wanna Pinch Hit? 1 Viewpoint Advice He Only Wants to Horse Around By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: I am a 23-year-old guy with a problem. I was married for less than one year, and it was a disaster. My divorce will be final in three weeks. I am presently in pretty deep with a chick who is hot to get married as soon as my divorce is final. She's okay to go with, but there is no way I could ever marry this gal. Besides. I want to play the field a while before tying myself down again. I've tried to explain this to her. but she says: "Don't be afraid of marriage because you had one bad ex- Homemaking perience. If a person falls off a horse, the way to overcome his fear is to get back on the horse and ride." Abby. this may be true with riding, but does it apply to marriage? TEX DEAR TEX: No. Marriage is a horse of a different color. If you want to horse around a while longer, tell that chick to'cool it. And don't restrict yourself to one gal. There's safety in numbers. DEAR ABBY: I have always wanted to make up a problem and send it in Recipe Complaint By Folly Cramer POLLY'S Problem Dear Polly — We recently purchased a Danish leather reclining chair and footstool. I would appreciate learning the best way to care for these leather pieces to prevent them from becoming brittle and cracking. No instruction came with them. — W.T. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with the way newspapers and magazines print recipes that do not fit in one column or page and must be continued on the next one. For those of us who like to clip our favorites this means tape the parts of the recipe together and it seems this could be avoided.—K.T. DEAR POLLY — I am answering the reader who has an odor in her air- conditioner. Be sure the condensate pan is draining. If not, condensation is held in the drain and the water has become foul. Spray the entire pan and coil with bleach, according to my engineer husband's advice.—MRS. J. McG. DEAR READERS — There are varying opinions on almost everything. A professional I talked to said that perhaps one could clean the pan only with the bleach but NOT THE COIL. After cleaning, pour bleach out of pan. When necessary a standard coil cleaner with no fumes should be used on the coil.—POLLY. DEAR POLLY — I had been looking for a clever container for my partial dentures that would not be too obvious and finally washed a plastic cleasing cream jar, leaving the lable intact. How is that for fooling someone who happens to see this in my bathroom? A colored jar would be even better as an attractive bathroom accessory. When I recently bought two new king-size sheets I saved the plastic bags they came in, put them in my husband's traveling bag to use for shoe bags. Bags holding queen'size sheets would doubtless work for ladies' shoes.—P.L.B. DEAR POLLY — When covering buttons, even using some of the double knits, the silvery looking metal on the button mold shines through. Now I have discovered that a piece of iron-on tape covering just the top of the metal mold takes care of that shine and with no extra bulk.—MILDRED. DEAR POLLY — Much more dry- spaghetti can be stored in a glass container or any canister if the pasta is broken in half. Lay the container on its side as you fill it. The spaghetti stacks, does not fail and also is easier to get out when needed. — JANET just to see if it would get printed, but now I have a real one. About two years ago I started a pen pal correspondence with a girl in Japan. We are both 18 now. (I'm also a girl.) We exchanged pictures and became very friendly. 1 just got a letter from her which nearly knocked me over. She says she wants to come over here and spend A YEAR with me and my family! Abby. I would love to have her here for a month maybe, but I can't have her here for a year. I live with my parents in a crowded apartment, and it's out of the question. She says it's her lifelong dream to come to America, and I hate to disappoint her. but I need advice on how to tell her. STUMPED DEAR STUMPED: Tell her. just as you've told me. that you. live in a • small apartment, and,much as you'd like to have her visit for a year, you're able to extend your parents' hospitality for only one month. DEAR ABBY: I am a 16-year-old boy who is living at home—but I may not be by the time you get this letter if. things don't improve at my house. I have a friend (another guy) who is studying to be a hairdresser. I asked him to bleach my hair and make it a golden blond. My natural color is a dull, uninteresting light brown. I repeat— I ASKED my friend to do this. Nobody talked me into it. I like my hair this way. but my parents dori't. You would think I had committed some kind of crime. My mother said I would have to let it grow out. (As you'know, this would look terrible. ) My father says I look like a guy who likes guys. I think it's my hair and I should be able to have it the color I like. My mom dyes her hair, and I'm not crazy about HER color, but I don't hassle her about it. I figure, if she likes it, that's her business. So why can't I have my hair the way I like it? GOLDEN BOY DEAR GOLDEN: For my part, you can. CONFIDENTIAL TO "NOT FOOLED": Don't rely on appearances. The guy you peg as the early bird may have been up all night. Daily Times Herald •> 5UH North Court Sliri't Carroll limit Uaih KMT|II Sundats iind lloliiiavs other loan Washing-' Inns Ilirlhilav ,mi! Veteran s l),-i\ In thr Herald Publishing Cump;m\ .IAMKS W WILSON'. I'ubhshvr llinVAHD It WILSON. Kdilor SV I. HKI'17. News Kdttur .IAMKS II WILSON. Vire I'rrsiiieiil (ii'iier;il Manager Kntcri'd as senuul-rlass mailer ill the post odire al Carmil Iowa. under llu-act ul March;! 1BS7 Member »(l»e A.s.siiriau'd I'ress The Assuriiited I'ress is entitled exclusively to the as* tor ri'iiulilii-aliiiiiiif all the local news printed in this newspaper ,is well as all Al* dispatches Oldi-ial I'api-rol r<>unl> and City Subscription Kates IU i .11 HIT linv deliver* per week HVMAIl. Carroll r.mnu and All Adjoining Counties where earner sei nee is mil ,n,ill,ililr |«-i sear I liilside ol Cat roll ami Adjoining Counties in /lines I ,oul 2 per ic.ir Alltllher Mail in the t'nileri Stales, per \cai t 60 S2000 $2300 $2700 mm WORLD © 1974 by NEA, Inc. 'The trouble with this new breed of criminals is that they are no longer governed by any form of principle!" Variations on Theme By Bruce Biossul At exactly 7:29 p.m.. March 20, 1973, President Nixon telephoned his then counsel John Dean and spoke with him for 14 minutes. It was the night before the now celebrated meeting of the two when the President says he first was told the full scope of the White House tie to Watergate. Several minutes into the conversation, as reported in the transcripts of White House tapes on Watergate just released, the talk got around to a letter Dean was drafting in reply to a substantial letter of inquiry from the Seriate Watergate committee — whose hearings were still weeks ahead. Dean said the longer he and Richard Moore, another lawyer, worked on the response, the more questions seemed to require answering. Said Mr. Nixon: "And so you are coming up, then, with the idea of just a stonewall then? Is that— " Saying that was correct, Dean added: "Stonewall, with lots of noises that we are always willing to cooperate, but no one is asking us for anything." "Stonewalling" is official parlance for brazening a matter through, seeming to offer help but giving little, if any. But it was the President himself that night who put with neatest precision what emerges as a central theme in much of the transcribed White House discussion of Watergate: an attempt to confine the scandal to a narrow tale of a criminal burglary in June, 1972, and keep the White House out of it. He told Dean he would not be satisfied with any reply which merely invoked executive privilege and seemed to say "to Hell with the Congress and to Hell with the people." He wanted something in writing to give the committee, the public and even his own cabinet and agency heads. Said Mr. Nixon: "That (executive privilege), they don't understand. But if you say, 'No, we are willing to cooperate,' and you've made a complete statement, but make it very incomplete. See, that is what I mean." The President's remarks in a Feb. 28, 1973 meeting with Dean had shown this same basic wish to confine the story in the coming Senate Watergate hearings, which he feared might indulge heavily in innuendo and hearsay (unlike a trial), and thereby perhaps splash top White House figures all about. Mr. Nixon evidently had tried without success to get the lop committee Republican, Sen. Howard Baker, to promise to use his leverage to control the committee inquiry. Said the President: "The one point that you ought to get to Baker. I tried to get it through his thick skull. His skull is not thick, but tell (Attorney General) Kleindienst in talking to Baker... no hearsay, no innuendo!..." Baker conferred with Kleindienst in questing after materials he deemed necessary for the upcoming Senate hearings. In the Feb. 28. 1973, transcript. Mr. Nixon pounded Dean on getting to Baker through Kleindienst. He kept at it: "Tell him (Kleindienst) we have to get these things worked out... I would build him up... But let's remember this was not done by the White House. This was done by the Committee to Re-Elect and (John) Mitchell was the Chairman, correct?... And Kleindienst owes Mitchell everything... Baker's got to realize this, and that if he allows this thing to get out of hand he is going to potentially ruin John Mitchell..." For 115 transcribed pages of Nixon-Dean taped meetings from September, 1972 through March 20, 1973, the President talked predominantly of how to block off a story of White House Watergate involvement he says he never really knew until March 21 last year. The theme smothers the talks. One Dean remark on March 21 shows how the President presumably liked the matter handled. He told Mr. Nixon that in an interview by the FBI, (Gordon) Strachan "appeared as a result of some coaching, to be the dumbest paper-pusher in the bowels of the White House." Strachan in fact way key aide to H.R. Haldeman, the President's own top man. History in Art There is growing concern that the nation's forthcoming 200th anniversary celebration will be tarnished and cheapened by commercialization. Over the next couple years, novelty manufacturers are expected to flood the market with Bicentennial T-shirts, ash trays, beer mugs and similar ephemeral products with patriotic themes. Certainly, there should be a place in the Bicentennial sun for such things. But there should also be a place for objects of real historic value conforming to the highest standards of artistry and workmanship which Americans will want to pass on to their descendants. To insure that there are, a group of distinguished Americans from several fields of arts and letters has formed the U.S. Bicentennial Society, a private, nongovernmental organization in Richmond, Va. Its chairman .is Virginius Dabney, noted historian, Pulitzer prize-winner and former editor of the Richmond Times-Dispatch. The society was formed, says Dabney, in response to the government's policy of encouraging participation in the Bicentennial observance by private citizens and organizations, as well as by local and state governments. It will mark the Bicentennial by commissioning such activities as a symphony, collectors' publications and lasting works of art related to the history of the United States. For example, a limited edition of 1,000 copies of George Washington's 'inaugural sword, modeled after the original in a Morristown, N.J.. museum, is being offered at $925 apiece. Reproductions of six Winslow Homer paintings on fine china plates sell for $625. At those prices, most Americans, alas, will probably have to settle-for an ash tray. But it is encouraging to know that the field will not be left entirely to the cheap and the gaudy. Health Bypass Surgery By Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D DEAR DR. LAMB — I was shocked and depressed after reading your column on bypass surgery. It is a year-and-a-half since my husband had bypass surgery. The doctors waited six months before they operated. He was slowly dying. Two of his arteries were 95 per cent blocked. He seems to be doing fine. He is not allowed to work anymore. He was a bus driver. He also has diabetes. He just has to stay on a diet for diabetes. Would you please send me some information on what my husband is allowed to do, in other words what living pattern should he really follow? Would you advise moving to Florida? We are thinking of moving to Florida. He always liked cold weather, but since the operation he can't seem to take the cold. His doctors just don't tell us enough. They told- my husband I ask too many questions. To me you should not have to ask questions. They should tell you more. DEAR READER — Many patients do very well after bypass surgery for treatment of blocked arteries to the heart. The fact that your husband has done well for a year and a half indicates that he may be one of them. It is often wise to do such surgery when a patient has two major arteries to the heart blocked. After all, there are onlv three main arteries to the heart (and two of these are branches of one main artery) To answer your question about your husband moving to Florida, it is really a matter of where you would like to live. The important considerations should include the availability of good medical support. Living patterns after a coronary artery bypass should be the ones used before heart problems occur; elimination of cigarette smoking, weight 'control, a diet moderately low in fat, restricted in saturated fats (chiefly fats from animal products and dairy products) with about a third of the fats from polyunsaturated sources such as corn oil, safflower oil, vegetable oils (but not coconut oil) and products made with these. Watch out for the statement "vegetable oil" as this often means coconut oil which is a saturated fat. The high-cholesterol foods should be limited. Exercise has to be individualized. Individuals who have had bypass surgery should limit their physical activity to walking and less strenuous types of activities. I would not favor jogging, running, competitive sports or lifting activities except in those well-recovered cases where the doctor has specifically told the patient it is allowed. It is a good idea for anyone with known heart disease to stay away from occupations such as bus driving. The disease is just too unpredictable and the responsibilities for the passengers too great to take those risks. Lastly, I would like to emphasize again that your husband has already passed a lot of the dangers in the procedure. With a good program to prevent progression of heart disease he has a much better outlook than he appeared to have without surgery.
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