The Miami Herald from Miami, Florida on December 31, 1989 · 137
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The Miami Herald from Miami, Florida · 137

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Miami, Florida
Issue Date:
Sunday, December 31, 1989
Page:
137
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SUNDAY DECEMBER 31 1989 $ THE MIAMI HERALD J Ink rub you the wrong way? No more! i VIEWPOINTS BETTY GLINK Feinfeld I have some good news for you Mrs Feinfeld complained the other day in the politest sort of way Her message however was unmistakable: “Why does the ink from the paper rub off on me?” She came up to me just before I spoke in Deerfield Beach to the Jewish Federation of Greater Fort Lauderdale “Can’t you do something about that ink problem?” she asked Yes Mrs Feinfeld we can We’re starting off 1990 DAVID tomorrow — by finishing LAWRENCE JR our conversion to some thing called “low-rub ink’ It’s not cheap that new ink PUBLISHER will in fact cost at least a couple of hundred thousand dollars extra each year But that new ink means rub-off will be reduced by at least two-thirds That’s good news for Betty Glink Feinfeld and hundreds of thousands of Herald readers One of the most frequent complaints we hear from readers has to do with ink rubbing off — on hands on clothes on linens Mrs Feinfeld is not a “typical” or “average” reader (There are no such readers) But you no doubt will find some things in common with Mrs Feinfeld and her concerns At age 84 she and her husband Irving have been married for just about four years Each formerly was married for 58 years to spouses who died about a year apart The two couples both lived in the same condominium complex 15 years She grew up in Chicago worked as a bookkeeper for many years raised two sons and now has five grandchildren Fifteen years ago she moved to South Florida to Century Village She’s active in charitable activities so’s her husband She watches the news on CNN as well as Peter Jennings on ABC She’s reading a book almost all the time James Michener is among her favorites “I’ve read almost all of his books" Reading The Herald is a big part of the Feinfeld morning routine They’re up by 6:30 or so for a breakfast that might include hot oatmeal freshly squeezed orange juice and a cup of coffee By 8 they’re ready to tackle The Herald sitting on the patio facing the golf course in their second-floor condominium Favorite pages favorite columnists They’ll spend the next hour or more with this newspaper '“I try to read from cover to cover” she says “but there’s so much reading that sometimes I just don’t seem to get through" She starts with the bridge column then the editorial pages (“my favorite”) Her favorite columnists? Dave Barry and Charles Whited She loves to read her Herald but “this ink business is getting to me The ink comes off and your hands get black and I can get my clothes dirty" she says “I have to get up and wash my hands I don’t know how many times when I’m reading the paper” No more after today Mrs Feinfeld Not long ago low-rub ink wasn’t even possible Technical advances in chemistry a few years ago made it possible reports Bill Bolger our pressroom manager and the person in charge of our conversion to that ink Let’s begin with why ink rubs off in the first place Today’s newspapers are printed at high speeds (55000 or so copies an hour) on each press Those high speeds mean that we can give you a newspaper with the latest possible news and sports yet make sure that it comes to your home on time Most newspapers use an ink that is made of carbon black and oil a combination that quickly absorbs the ink into the newsprint But as the oil is soaked up some carbon black remains on the surface That means that you can get ink on your hands But our new low-rub ink contains a resin to bond the carbon particles into the newsprint fibers That means that most of the carbon from the ink will not linger on the surface of your newspaper ready to smear Meanwhile on the conservation front WHILE we are on the subject of good news We write a lot in the paper and we should about the environment and conservation From time to time we are asked and we should be about our own contribution to the future Only three years ago just 5 percent of the newsprint used for this newspaper consisted of recycled paper This year the number is triple that — 15 percent In 1990 we’ll more that double that figure — to 33 percent Moreover we will continue to ship to recycling plants more of our press waste and returns The Herald’s a national leader in such conservation measures We should do our part and we will fei jr - ( if S ''ift y 8 I t I f ! 1 rf SJ O £ WALTER MICHOTMlaml Harald Betty Glink Feinfeld with her morning Herald 7 have to get up and wash my hands I don ’t know how many tim Elated Europe faces new challenges in the new year DAVID S BRODER Amsterdam — if 1989 was the year of triumph for freedom then 1990 will surely be the year of challenge for democracy The United States has a vital stake in the outcome Three weeks ago when this reporting trip through Europe began I heard the sound that will forever signify 1989 to millions: the ring of hammers on chisels wedged into the hated Berlin Wall playing a syncopated hymn to freedom A month had passed since the Wall was first breached And yet on this gray Sunday hundreds of people from around the world continued to arrive each eager to gouge his own chunk out of that reviled symbol of division and repression As I took my turn chipping away I felt an exultation that I had not expected And later in a Warsaw church at a midnight mass on Christmas Eve I had the same feeling as I listened to the prayers for peace and freedom in that devastated but hopeful land — and for the lives and souls of the people of Romania who also had risen in struggle against their masters When the French invited world leaders Newly liberated nations this spring and summer face elections where a vital necessity is information They look to the West for financial and technical help and a huge international press corps to Paris last July no one imagined that the fireworks marking the 200th anniversary of the French Revolution would usher in a new burst of freedom Since that night in the French capital Poland has formed its first non-Communist government Hungary and East Germany have scheduled free elections Czechoslovakia Bulgaria and Romania have ousted their Stalinist regimes — all with the benign approval and in some instances the implicit support of reform-minded Soviet leaders If ever there was a time for celebration it is this year — which ended with two of the world’s most abominable dictators Nicolai Ceausescu and Manuel Noriega fleeing for their lives and only Noriega surviving for now Incidentally whatever the debates at home the role of the United States in booting Noriega from power was as loudly applauded by people in both halves of Europe as the earlier Bush Administration appeasement of Beijing’s oppressors of freedom had been found dismaying The lesson that I bring home is that the rejoicing across Europe in 1989 presages real struggle in 1990 The nations that have achieved freedom this year have precious little working experience or tradition of self-rule None of them is equipped for democracy: None has a wide variety of pluralistic institutions to give voice to people’s concerns none has professional and competitive news organizations independent of government or party control committed to informing the citizenry none has legislators with the know-how and equipment to make a truly representative government work What they do have in all these countries is Communist cadres still entrenched in the bureaucracy and just waiting for the reformers to fail And sadly almost all these countries also have nationalist Rightist elements ready to ex ploit the first signs of public frustration with democracy by voicing siren calls: “Just give us power and we will set things right” Native fascism is no stranger to most of these lands The ideals of the brave men and women who led the liberation struggles are exemplary but they lack the practical means to carry out their democratic functions The only newspapers operating today in East Germany are those controlled until now by the Communist Party The same is true in Czechoslovakia and Hungary In Poland the jump in newsprint costs and the decline in consumer purchasing power threatens the survival of many non-Communist journals already hurt by printing-equipment shortages All these countries this spring and summer face elections where information is a vital necessity They look to the West for financial and technical help — especially to the United States which is not as suspect of having its own commercial or political agenda as say West Germany is Not just the press but the politicians need help from their counterparts in the West Before Christmas as legislators debated risky free-market reforms Poland’s Parliament building had the bustle the same sense of urgency as our Capitol in the days before adjournment But step into an office and you find secretaries waiting turns for a single typewriter and a phone that works only sporadically Printing and telecopying equipment promised by the US Congress and the West German Bundestag has not yet arrived It may seem a long step down from the fireworks over the Arc de Triomphe to training staff members for East German newspapers or finding typewriters for the Polish Parliament But democracy depends on such help in 1990 — and the United States is the one country that can provide it most easily without arousing suspicions as to its intent In the eyes of Eastern Europeans we are the embodiment of democracy This is the moment when we must redeem their faith by accepting the responsibility and opportunity that history has placed in our hands Washington Post Writers Group The word: Freedom IN HIS recent meeting with President Bush Mikhail S Gorbachev was reported to have suggested that the American stop using the phrase Western values as in “the triumph of Western values” Bush an ardent anti-trium-phalist agreed to change his rhetoric he and his Secretary of State immediately switched to democratic values a concept that his Communist counterpart professes to share That adjective was inoffensive to Gorbachev because democracy is a word long adopted by communism along with people Many Marxist-Leninist regimes styled themselves democratic peoples’ republics though this is redundant: demos is the Greek root for “people" (Kratos means “strength” or “power”) Power from the people A democracy is a system of government in which the power comes directly from the people past mislabeling is tacitly recognized in the Soviet Union today which is undergoing what Gorbachev calls the process of democratization One word however is generally recognized to be a Western value to use the provocative term that orators often use with the phrase Judeo-Christian heritage The key word is: freedom 1989’s Word of the Year In a curious but longstanding agreement speech writers of the Left and Right respect each other’s primary rhetorical turf: Communists call their countries and allies peaceloving (not hyphenated) conservative ideologues cadi their countries freedom-loving (hyphenated) Freedom has even triumphed over liberty The two words are synonyms but resonate differently Liberty from the Latin liber “free” taken from the Greek eh itheros is a product of the Romance languages — in French hberte Spanish libertad Romanian liberdade Freedom is a hammer of a word without a Greek or Latin pedigree from the proto-Ger- VVILLIAM SAFIRE manic frijaz that came into Old English as freodom These Germanic words are punchier than their Romance-language counterparts: rich and hard are more telling than affluent and arduous The root freo in Dutch vrij was among our earliest English words making its appearance in the Eighth Century The first meaning was “dear beloved close” to identify family members in contrast to servants or slaves the Indo-European prei- “to be fond of” is the root of “friend” and is related to the Sanskrit priyas “beloved" Loved ones had privileges: One held in freedom by the authority of the house had fewer restrictions on speech or movement In time freedom — the state of the loved ones — came to mean more than a guiding principle of householding or government in its passionate political sense the thundering word now means a way of life unbounded by arbitrary power Freiheit was the word shouted at the opening of the Berlin wall The cry of the Czechs In Prague Czechs call for svo-boda which is also the word in Russian and Bulgarian In Warsaw you hear wolnosc pronounced VOL-nosch In Budapest Hungarians say szabadsag pronounced zah-BAHD-sag and in Riga Latvians demand brivi-ba pronounced bree-VEE-ba In Albania there’s not much liri but it will come one day Same with azadi in Afghanistan laisve in Lithuania and zi uyou in China “Sir” said Robert Young Hayne of South Carolina in the Senate more than a century and a half ago “there have existed in every age and every country two distinct orders of men — the lovers of freedom and the devoted advocates of power” The year 1990 may see order or stability the euphemisms for the imposition of power come roaring malevolently back but in 1989 at least in most places freedom was the rallying cry eNew York T imes News Service JULIA TUTTLE MADE IT ALL POSSIBLE Honor thy 'Mother of Miami’ (With more than just a causeway) ASK MIAMI school kids who Julia Tuttle was and most likely you’ll get a blank stare Some will recognize that she is the person for whom a causeway across Biscayne Bay is named few will know ““ ““ why In fact ask most Miami adults who Julia Tuttle was and sadly you’ll probably get the same unknowing stare On Jan 14 a week before the 141st anniversary of her birth a caring group calling itself the Friends of the City of Miami Cemetery will gather at that site to honor the woman who not only mothered this community but who saw into its fu-ture with remarkable maternal instinct Julia Tuttle is buried in Miami City Cemetery at 1800 NE 2nd Ave along with hundreds of the other early builders of this community She died in 1898 at the age of 49 barely two years after the city was bom The rest is history In 1891 Mrs Tuttle a Cleveland widow with two young adult children moved to the Biscayne Bay area which she had visited as early as 1870 While her father had been living near today’s Miami Shores for more than two decades she purchased 640 acres on the north bank of the Miami River at the bay and moved into a 40-year-old house on the property The rest is history whether remembered or not She was the woman who in exchange for half her land talked Henry Flagler into extending his railroad from West Palm Beach to Miami By doing so she created Miami The initial issue of the first newspaper in Miami — The Metropolis which later became The Miami News — on May 15 1896 paid tribute to Mrs Tuttle by saying: “A few years hence it will be realized that she builded (sic) better than the critics knew and the future residents of Miami will accord her full credit for her plans of today and bless the good fate that put the founding of Miami in such competent hands” That full credit never came A hotel and apartments once were named after her they are gone A historic marker was placed on the site of her home near today’s South Miami Avenue neither her home nor the marker remains The marker oddly is in an archive 500 miles away in Tallahassee where it never sees the light of day or tells today’s Miamians of who she Howard Kleinberg was born in New York City in 1932 and moved to Miami as a teen-ag i graduating from Miami High School While a student he joined the staff oThe Miami News 1 1950 but left for military service from 1950 to 1955 Kleinberg returned to The Miami Nev where he rose to executive sports editor in 1957 and then to news editor and managing editor 1976 he became Editor the position he held until The News ceased publication Dec 31 19& when he became a national columnist for Cox Newspapers Kleinberg’s decade of Saturday colum on Miami history formed the basis for his 1985 book Miami: The Way We Were now in its thi printing He and his wife have four children and three grandchildren Afternoon tea in 1893: Julia Tuttle is seated in the center Miami pioneers included her son Harry seated at her feet in sailor oui was and what she did Only a causeway bears her name and most people know that as 1-195 Yet we daily seem to be renaming streets and boulevards after movie and TV stars South and Central American romantics and militants and contemporary community do-gooders When Julia Tuttle died suddenly her obituary was not even on the front page of the very newspaper that so glowingly had written of her two years earlier History it would appear has not been respectful to the woman who in 1897 predicted that Miami someday would become a great seaport and a gateway city to Latin America “This may seem far-fetched to you” she told the pioneer citizens of the less-than-a-thousand population town “but as surely as the sun rises and sets all of this will come true” The 1 pm Jan 14 cemetery observance will be the first in recent times if ever to commemorate this woman’s birth On that occasion Rosa lie Spidell who is Ralph Renick’s mother i read a poem she wrote about Julia Tuttle Flor Historical Society President Dr Paul George i speak and give a short tour of the cemete punch and cookies will be served When the commemoration is ended the cei tery will empty and Julia Tuttle will be left beh again in near-anonymity 1 Not good enough A significant memorial to this remark foresighted and courageous woman is long o due Such a deed toward its founder would normal in most communities but Miami seem be of a different stripe Each time that another indefinable sculpt is placed in front of a public building I won why none ever was created to honor Julia Tut Anyone who has seen the sculpture place the plaza of the Cultural Center or whatever is going up in front of the Metro Administra building will know what I mean — even if t didn’t know anything about Julia Tuttle r ll too I

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