Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on May 17, 1895 · Page 7
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 7

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Logansport, Indiana
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Friday, May 17, 1895
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•^ ^ Double the satisfaction obtained from ordinary soap and only half the expense and bother. That's why thousands of thoughtful, thrifty women use Santa ' Claus Soap. They have learned by practical, thorough tests that for washday or everyday use there is no soap in the world that nearly equals SANTA CLAUS SOAP Sold everywhere. Made only by The fi K. Fairbank Company, • Chicago. PECANS IN TEXAS. ,A Profltubln Induntry Suitml to the Arid ICBgluoi of Thut mute. After careful investigation In 1880 I bought hind for pecan culture on Pecan bayou, iri Texas, where I found the tree prowing in its native state, says a -writer in the Irrigation Affe. I have now an orchard of 11,000 trees on my 400 acres that arc one' to six years old. AH nut culture is attracting 1 attention in the arid reffion, and the pecan should thrive wherever the English walnut cloc.s, my experience may be of interest. The pecan tree is valuable for its timber as well as for its nuts. Ax and e handles, pnnstocks, furniture and rious other useful articles are made the wood. The nut, besides being- used as a dessert, is made into cakes and candies and Us oil brings the highest price in the market irom clockmakers, gunsmiths, etc. The tree is of Blow growth aud longlived. The cut „ OLD PKCAJf TREE. dhows one on my place over one hun- .dred years old in its wild state. The tree grows to the height of eighty or ,moro feet, and its homo is in tho rich alluvial valleys, and will not succeed where tho soil is not rich and deep. There are two distinct varieties, known as the soft and hard shell. The best among the soft shell varieties are 'known as tho Swinclen and Stuart. Tho wild varieties are hard shelled. . I have nearly 11,000 trees.on my 400 acres, planted forty feet apart each :way. As there is no enterprise but has ilts drawbacks, I must say I had them [to begin with—the first thing being the jwood louse or ant, which attacked the lyellow pine stake placed by every nut. , They then went from the stake to th« ^tree, nud thus killed the young stem; •jbut this was obviated by cypress boxes, eighteen inches high, tarred at the bottom, which also served the purpose of protecting the younff trees from the depredations of the rabbits and other .rodents, which did me considerable damage. Squirrels will unearth tho inuta when planted, and rabbits will .gnaw the bark auil cut off the tender sprouts. The troo will como into bearing in eight to ten years. A tree lit that Bge will produce 1 bushel, or 43pounds, and sell readily at 85. At fifteen to twenty years tho yield will be 10 bushels or more to the tree. I havo seen trees produce as high as 40 bushels, and I nave paid S150 for the product of ono tree. Thus wo can readily draw tho conclusion that the profits of the pecan will soon rival that of the famous Florida and California orange groves. The price of pecans varies with quality and size. The small wild ones are sometimes less than S2, while the ex- •tralargo ones are in demand at as high as 58. There is no fear of glutting the •market with these extra sizes, as few ore willing to wait till they come into bearing. There is no safer life in- :«urance than a vrtill-cstablished pecan orchard. There are men to-day deriving a good living from a few trees planted by them, and others I know of who are getting from S3.000 to S5.000 per year from trees planted by their fathers. The land between the trees need not lie idle while the trees are coming into bearing, but can be planted to hoed crops and made to pay. I hare nutted on an averago over S1.500 per year for the last six years from my -. land. I advise no one to plant in local» ities where there is too much rain, as the pollen is liable to bo washed away, and thus keep the tree from fructifying and making fruit. Sncoeu In Urmftlo* the Cherry. Many havo poor success in grafting the cherry and do not know why. The work should bo done quick before the aap turns brown. Another cause of failure is that the stiff covering of the bark-curIs as soon as growth begins - and lifts the wax so air reU in. dr.v»ns both stock and scion. I havo used strips of cotton cloth to hold the bark down, and with good success. A more simple method is to cut through the stiff bark on each hide of the wax and again midway between the waxed parts on each side of the stock so that it may expand without disturbing the wax.—Joseph Bailey, in Farm and Home. MAINTAINING SUCC.ESSION. How the Smmon for Different Vegetable* Buy He Prnlon|r«id. Nowadays nearly every farmer makes Borne attempt at a vegetable garden, for he recognizes the healthfulness as woll as thopalatability of garden stuff. Unfortunately he is apt to neglect to provide fora succession, so thatafter a great superabundance for a few days each supply of vegetables runs out and ends for tho season. This is mismanagement, for with a little care and thought in planting a little at a time peas, beans, corn, cucumbers, lettuce, boots, tomatoes, etc., might be had throughout tho summer, and the garden bo made to serro five months-instead of two. Of course it is not necessary to plant every vegetable. The tastes of the family should be consulted. Nor should there bo too many varieties. Find out tho kinds best adapted to your soil and climate, and from them select the varieties which will fill your requirements. Komember that while garden stuff is acceptable at all times, early vegetables are peculiarly desirable, for at this season the system craves and seems to require something in the nature cf green food as a change from the heavy winter diet. To get early vegetables they must be planted early. If a warm spot is selected some peas, beets, lettuce, onions, parsnips and radishes may be planted out as soon as the ground can be made suitable, Every farm should havo a good bed each'of asparagus and rhubarli. Some mustard and spinach should also be sown for early greens. Beans, melons, squashes, cucumbers, etc., not being so hardy, are not planted until later on. But a succession of all may be maintained if sue- cessive sowings of each are made at intervals of two or three weeks. Another way of petting a succession is by planting- early and late varieties at tho same time. It matters llt.tle which method is adopted so that, the desired results are obtained. No other work should be allowed to interfere with the preparation of -theland. The plowing should be done early and the seeds put into tho f. round. If it is necessary to sacrifice anything, let the field crops wait. Early vegetables are more necessary for the family than early oats for tho stock. With provision made for earliness and continuance of green food the farmer will be In better condition to do his work and to fight the lassitude commonly termed spring fever,—N. Y. World^ Wonder* of Minute Animal LITi*. The following, which might very appropriately bear the heading of "A Wonder of Wonders," is from the pen of Sir Robert S. Ball, F. R. S., astronomer royal of Ireland: "The microscope teaches us that there are animals so wonderfully minute that if o thousand of them were ranked abreast they could easily swim, without,U>eing thrown out of order, through .-<$* eye of the finest cambric needle ever made Yet each of the minute creatures is a highly organized number of particles capable of moving about, of finding and devouring food and of behaving in aU respects as becomes an animal as distinguished from a fragment of unorganized matter." The human mind is "utterly incapable of realizing the structure of these little creatures, and of fully appreciating their marvelous adaptation to the life they are destined to lead. ISnptlrfed In Jordan Water. It is not generally known that the princes of the house of Hohenzollera are always baptized in- water taken from the river Jordan. This custom was observed at the baptism of the youngest-born son of the emperor. An interesting anecdote of the Hohenzol- lern family, which has always been renowned for its foresight, is that in view of the frequent births in the unperia family, and in order never to run short of the water of the sacred river, a whole barrelfnl is always kept in reserve in the cellars of the royal castle. Depth of the Atlantic. Dr. Young 1 estimates the depth of the Atlantic at about an average of 16,000 feet HE LOVES HIS WORK. Mr. Thomas W. Smillie, Uncle Sam's Chief Photographer. jme of tho Wonder* Contained ID the Camcrn Shop ol the Smithsonian InntltuUon — What Will J3e DODO In thr Future. [Special VTasblncton JLettcr.l One of the most interesting as well is important branches of the Smithonian institution is the photographic: establishment, which was organized many years ago with a view of colleet- ngand disseminating valuable information in the art of photography among scientists and inventors and to develop that art among scientific insti- utions. The establishment has lately rrown into national prominence on account of the wide scope and character 1 of its work. The chief photographer is rtr. Thomas W. Smillie, who for twen- ,y-stx 3'ears has held the position. He s a Scotchman of five-and-fifty years. He is tall and slim, with pale features, lis mustache is light and so is his hair. PLATE OF THE LAKOBST CAMERA. of which latter, however, there is not much, and what there is circles tho horizon only of a well-shaped head. His brownish-gray eyes arc as kindly as his soft voice. He is thoroughly contented when at work in his studio and loves to mingle with his appliances in the shop just as an inventor loves to test and operate a machine ot which ho is the happy author. Mr. Smillie is an expert on photographic work, and owing to his reputation was engaged to take charge of the photographic office when the organization was established. He modestly asserts that he is as yet only a rudimentary worker, but it can be said that he ranks as one of the foremost of American photographers. Tho camera shop is connected wita the Smithsonian institution, but is located within tho building occupied by the national museum. The studio embraces a number of rooms on the top floor of the building, completely isolated from the rest of the structure and quite remote from the exM^jts of curios. The quarters occupied ar%by no means suitable for the work which is done, but owing to the lack of funds- there has been no adequate provision made for the enlargement and improvement of the present facilities. Several blind doors shut off the sight of the gallery from the communicating corridors, and the gaUery is only reached after climbing a rather perpendicular and perilous circular flight of iron stairs. The room where the principal work is done is occupied by the innumerable tools and appliances of tho workers, and affords anything but an agreeable place to labor. It is lighted by a largo skylight, the roof of which starts from the surrounding walls, about five feet from the floor. The room is therefore close and squatty, and disagreeable in summer on account of the heat, while it is uncomfortable in tho winter. months on account of the cold. There is also a number of windows or small doors on the walls from which are built large board platforms. On these the negatives are placed when the pictures are being printed by exposure to the light. Although the photographers have inadequate and disagreeable quarters their scientific appliances are said to be the best obtainable. The institution is fortunate, too, in being the recipient of valuable specimens of improvements, which are donated by the manufacturers who desire them to be tested ofa- cially, and great importance is attached to the opinion of the photographers at this studio who examine the various appliances and put them to the best use The room has a varied collection of cameras of all kinds, from the little miniature plaything to the immense tripod camera for use in taking pictures and views of extensive landscapes and larn-e buildings. The largest camera m the collection has a plate OoxSO inches. To the visitor to the studio the most interesting figure in the collection is a small daguerreotype camera which was presented to the National Photographers' association, September 21. 1S71. Ivy Prof. S. F. B. Morse, the well-known inventor of the telegraph. That association was the prototype of the Photo- nraphic association of to-day,. The former association ceased to e.-ist a few months after Prof. Morse ma-le his donation. Its history is very interest- in"-, as it numbered among its member ship nearly all of the early and famous photographers of the country, and to it is due much credit for the place which photography holds to-day in the world of arts and refined mechanics. This camera was the first daguerreotype apparatus made in oar country and before its presentation the father of practical electricity sent to Paris and secured the first achromatic lenses ever made, and which have since that time played a very important part in photography. • Alonff'the low wall of one side of ta< room are several cabinets whiclawere formerly used to hold curios downltairs in the 'Smithsonian -institution, .and have been taken up for use ro the studio. In these cabinets are exhibited specimens showing the enure process of taking a picture from the time of removing the cap irom the loii.s until it is mounted and polished on the cardboard back. This fine collection of specimens is the result of years of extensive research on the part of the photographer, Mr. Smillie, who has gathered together amples of each of the articles used in taking and developing a photograph'. rom the time the first machine was invented until the present day. It is be- ieved that the national museum will in a short time have an additional build- ng constructed, specially for its own use, in which the photographic studio vill be allowed a large section of space for the exhibition of such specimens as "Mr. Smillie has been able to aecumu- ate. For the present the collection is >acked away in the cabinets on the ides of the wall, almost unknown, un- honored and unsung. There is also piled in confusion on the shelves in ,hese cabinets a large assortment of >hotographic: paraphernalia which, if iufficient space were afforded, could be assorted and arranged in groups to lorm another- valuable addition to the exhibition. A special room to the left of the photographic office is given up entirely to microscopic work and is known as tho microscopic room. This branch of photographic work is Mr. Smillie's forte. He is an expert in the work and :ias won fame abroad as well as at home. The Parisian academy of inventors awarded him. a medal for excellence of workmanship in the photography of thin sections of wood. The microscopic room is dark and small. and the only entrance which the sunlight has is by means of u. window filled with yellow-paned glass. In this room is done all of the fine and delicate work in connection with the enlargements. Small atoms have been increased to a marvelous magnitude. Enlargements are also made of the photographs taken by the biggest of the cameras. The principal work in which Mr. Smillie is engaged is that of making photographs of the curiosities which ire intended to be placed on exhibition in tho institution downstairs. It is imperative that all of the valuable specimens should be first photographed for the future preservation and restoration of the specimens, in the event of their destruction. The various objects are so numerous that the establishment is kept constantly busy on this special work. There is a picture department where each photograph after it is taken is catalogued and stored away with the many thousands of others which have been taken before. Probably the branch which furnishes the most subjects for work is the section of Indian curios and relics. There are myriads of these incessantly com- AMONO-THE NEGATIVES. ing into the hands of the museum au thorities and ample work is afforded the photographers. This photographic studio also performs 'some valuable service in that it furnishes photographs for use in illustrating scientific magazines and journals. The publishers of the various scientific papers call upon Mr. Smillie from time to time for photographs oi specimens of the various curios which they intend to describe in their next issues. Work is also done fo£ the papers published by the national museum, and every illustration of a curio printed in the museum's annual journal, "Contribution to Knowledge," is copied from a photograph furnished bj Mr. Smillie. This important branch of work es tablished in connection with the Smith sonian institution, although well_ de veloped, can be said to be only in £ primary condition. Much work of n valuable kind can be accomplished in the future, a'nd it is expected that in later years this establishment will de velop into a camera shop of such mag nitude as to attract attention from scientists and inventors of the whole world. The world moves on and takes no notice of the deaths of men, because others arise and take their places; but the world would be much poorer if the light and life of this national photographic establishment, in the person of Mr Smillie. were taken away. He is in the full strength and vigor of robust manhood and bids fair to live to see the work of his creation honored and appreciated by his country and by the civilized nations of the earth. SMITH D. FRY. Awtwmrd Speech, One of the first duties of a lecturer is to consider his. audience. This should be done while he is preparing what he is "to sav lest he be put to the necessity of hurried and awkward qualifications -while on his feet. An exchange reports that a professor was lecturing to a class of three young ladies, and .in the course of his remarks came to an exposition of his views as to woman s function in. the body politic, "Women, he is reported to have .said, "are the element of beauty in human life. Their business is to make life graceful, and tb-v can't do that. Ton know, unless for Infants and Children. I OTHERS, PQ You Know «* Bateman' g Drop«, ^dfr^Toordial, many socalkri -Soothta* B most remedies for cMUren are composed of opium or mon*lne» Po Yon Kaow that opium and morphine are stupefying narcotic potooni > Tfc. Toil Know that In most countriai dn»ggi»t» are Dot permitted to »ett B«roo»» without labeling them poisons 7 Do Tog Know that you should not pernJt any medicine to be given your cMK nnlfl««youorj^^'"* >1 ' ••"•"'"•J know of what it is composed » Ho Yon Know that Cantoria to a purely Ttgctable preparation, and O«t a lint «C IU Ingredients ia publish*! with every bottle f Po Yon Kaow that C«=torla to the prescription of U,e famou. Dr. Barn-el PItctar. Ttotithasbeeninuaefor nearly thirty years, «,d that m^e Ca*oria i. «nr .old ««•_ of all other remedie* tor children combined ? Do Yon Know that the Patent Office Department of the United. BM**, «*«« other countries, have issued Ciclutfve right to Dr. Pitcher and hto a^ to W tte wo*. " Ca«torl» " and its formula, and that to imitate them is a state prtwn offewe Po You Know that one of the reasons for snmtln B this government, protection w* because Castorlahad been proven to be »li.olnt*ly h»xml«"" Pn Yon Know that 35 .Tera«. do** of Castoria «, fur,W*d f*-» cent*, or one cent a dose f Ho Ton Know that when possessed of thta pofcet preparation, your children Mr be kept well, and that you may have unbroken rest 7 Well, thtno thing* are worth knowing. They are f«c«. Children Cry for Pitcher's Cartorla. M* MANHOOD RESTORED ">•» J tion ol n famous French physician, will quick! CUPIDENE* I ! Vludlinr.thoprraerip- iM . voiis or <li.sru.MM of Uio generative iirKuiu, n In"on°ii"j''^ s ln tl)C B.7ck,8«Biliml Emissions. »rvoiis oy. Plranli'sTbnntnoss to Marry, Exhumilng DrHl.», Varteorolo awi. Const iwtlon It stops nil losses by day or nlfrht. Prevpnw <ji**- n£w ofdlsch irco, wl Icli it notcli«*<*l )<W» to SpC.rnMlorr IOM •£ I — .^m SlubcirofrorKo(Impou.ncy. cyPinEHEclCttamaiUioUvcr. Mr [BEFORE AND AFTER ^|i,, vl!an athpiirlni>ryorKanBol»;ilmpiJrtUes. nall wc»k -«- n t are toonoN-d ., P. 0. Bo For Sale by ft they themselves are pretty and graceful. If a girl is not pretty she might almost as -well vanish from the face of the earth—that is," he explained, as he locked at the three sober, spectacled faces before him—''that is—cr-unlcss —she is tolerably pretty, you know."— Youth's Companion. Worth Tliluklnjf About. In many of the large apartment- houses of New York the clothes are hung- on the roof to dry, and as the roof in the majority of cases is not large enough to accommodate the combined washing of all the apartments, each family has a different washday assigned to it. On Wednesday, for instance:, the entire wash belonging to four families may be hung on tho roof, on Thursday giving place to tho wash of four other families, and so on. This often leads to mistakes and complaints of losses are not infrequently heard. Recently a young married lady •who occupied an apartment on the the west side of the town engaged a new servant and directed her to exercise extreme care in hanging out the clothes, and be sure that they were not taken away by any other girl. After the clothes came back she went out to the kitchen, and was horrified to find that the clothes were not hers, but belonged to some one else. "Oh Bridget," she exclaimed, "these are not our clothes! Why-" holding up several of the garments in turn— "thev don't even fit!" "Shure, marm," replied Bridget, triumphantly, "they may not fit, but will you consider the suparior quality uv thim?"—Harper's Magazine. Oldest Oak In Great Britain. Dr., A. J. Harrison, in the current number of the Naturalists' Journal, says the oldest existing oak in Great Britain is considered to be the Cowthorpe or Colthorpe, one growing near Eibstone hall, in the West Biding. "It is not only a remnant of the forests of ancient Britain, but a monarch among the kings of trees." The circumference of the trunk close to the ground is seventy-eight feet, and three feet higher forty-e'ijjht feet. The trunk is now hollowed, a.nd is capacious enough to contain a crowd. A few years ago the vicar of St. James', Wetherby, and the church wardens and school children to the number of ninety-five got inside the tree, and, while the vicar raised the union jack, the children sang the "Old Hundredth" and the "National Anthem. " RUSTIC SUMMER MOUSE. On* That U Qnlt« a Pretty Feature la sh* Home handicap*. Where there is a degree of wildne»» in tho scenery and surroundings -to make the presence of a rustic house In. good taste, such a one as that suggested in the accompanying sketch may i» made quite a pretty feature in th» home landscape. It is simple enough. in construction to be "home made," .-*- quiring but a light frame work to support the roof and sides. The peaked roof is made of rough slabs of wood! with the bark left on, as one usually finds it at the mill. Thes* slabs combine boarding and' outer covering in one, and thus simplify the work of construction considerably. Under the "eaves," short round pieces of wool with their native dress on are set .side by side. These may be half rouriallf preferred. The corner posts and those forming 'the doorway speak for themselvea, -IV being only cecessary to ,bear -m .niinil that the nearer they remain in ;th,elr. primitive state of rusticity the better' 1 for the artistic effect of the littleliousf they support. Around the sides bark- In China. Thev do not think anything of an egg in" China, it seems, until it is about one hundred years of age, old eggs being worth as mnch in that country as old wine is elsewhere. They have a way of burying the eggs, and it takes about thirty days" to render a pickled egg fit to eat. Some of the old eggs have become as black as ink. and one of the favorite Chinese dishes for invalids is made up of eggs, which are preserred in jars of red clay and salt wat A I'.L'STIC BUMMEB DOUSK. covered posts arc set close together* finished with cross pieces along their tops. The summer house may be fnz- nisued with stationary seats about the sides within,or left as a room in whiefe to sit in comfortable TOcking-chaim borrowed from the house. A small table or tv.-o will be found usaful._ .It will be found a very acceptable diniaj- room. too. on warm afternoons.— American Gardening. DCCADC BLrUnt HOT SPRINGS BhnnptxvLa, *iwm sfBomoor •

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