Fayetteville Weekly Observer from Fayetteville, North Carolina on September 29, 1846 · Page 2
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Fayetteville Weekly Observer from Fayetteville, North Carolina · Page 2

Fayetteville, North Carolina
Issue Date:
Tuesday, September 29, 1846
Page 2
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It is porfectly true, as asserted by the right ..uirrn statks AND MEXICO. ! konomhle baronet at the head ot her t f,m rim following rcuort of 1 Majesty's Gnvernracnt, that An offer was 11 r" . 1 . . . . . l - I- ' fT..!l Sml and aim rr,m. a highly interesting deiiato in uie a of Commons, on the 24ih of August, thai (ircat Britain some time since made over-tuiies toward- mediating between this emm-try and Mexico, and recently related the offer in & more direct form: Lord ( korgk Bkntinck called the attention of the House to the present state of afturs between, the United States and Mexico. This country bad a great interest in Mexico, iuasirtbch as our annual exports to it amounted to 500,000 a year, as the British capital invested in its rttines amount. raos ths hattonai. vnrUAotsct. TIME THE TEST OF TRUTH. Time it admitted lo I the great philo. swher, the great tester of truth. Tried j.y him, bow ac things turning out? Id the canvaas of 1844 the Whlga op-posed, as certain consecjucnces of the dec- l'olk made to the United States, and also com muuic&ted to Mexico, which her Majesty late Government Understood and meant to be an offer of mediation. That offer w as I left great latitude of Interpret :,.vUitiniiiLl if tho Pniti.ft S'lltt'S . .l .. . -i - IT.,; Stntea ourselves position wun respect to me - . , . .,:,, i . v 1 . .l of iin- ritories. and California in particulnr; was ai inni i ne noi tin- p"" , , . . . - ,l: i,0 ...:..i:i.. ..,i,;,h Lfits the char- A war with Mexico, ns a thing almost uioacrvi uupm iiailij l..... acter of a mediator. .1 . . i . .,a,;,.V linn of Mr. Our lowed up iy me auuiupi ie p(i'ur ... nws ourselves other parts of the Mexican ter- suro tu follow, on which all prudence bound . 1 .!... n ..,1 if it r n ryt not The Question betivcen this counirj anu t us lu iuyH., . JJ! , .?. with respect to the Ore- would nrake our conduct only mow shame. British capital mvesiea in us m.n iuu - . not at hat time been ! fill, hv showing that we had plundered a poor od to at least 10,000,000, dndas the public gon territory lad not at in at . ..trh,.rl .,! weik to resent ArMpiim to this cintrv amounted to finally settled, it " r1"1' . ! .L b, . . ."-. ., - i ,. nPfTot atioiis tnen iroing ott, me uemg rooiicu, nearly as much more. war, tnereiore, Muuuu.g the negotiations then going on, PROTECTION TO AMERICAN LABOR. pkom thb covaiaa and BNauiaia. Opinion of Henry Clay. Them is but one State in the Union, we willingly be-lieve, that could have been deluded Into the support of as. K. Pol a a better Tariff man than Hbksy Clat, and which, when the cheat is made manifest, can still cling to the fraudulent deceivers who pledged their personal honor to the truth of the wicked falsehood. New Jersey, at any rate, is under no ' n. I l .. I i such delusion, one anew me men muu her own interests, and sho gave tier support to that man for the Presidency whose whole public life had been given t the support and encouragement of American industry. Falsehood and fraud overbore the true voice of the country, and Henry ('lay was beaten by Jas. K. Polk. The fruits are now upon us; but not yet in all their bit. i . inerctai inieresis; auu u u s:iouiu vuu ' ', ,. , , " . , ' j ' I1i:n.I)r if the conquest ot Mexico iv tne iiniieo, " - . . , ., .... i ' ,M c i .1 . .l ' l i i, : that discussion had ended .Iu- rupture be. Slates, ho feared that the Bntish debt n ' . . . r, m u ii .k . .i - : tween Great Britain and the Umtrd btates, Mexico would follow the tate ot the ooois , ,i TT L it;..j l. to I our media ion, of course, between tLo L - owing oy lU ,mi o r. . nitcd StatP3 ftnd Mexico would have been thrscoimtry. Besides, if the Umieo o'aie . ...r,,,.,, l.m m:... rX M..;. thev would in , out of (he question. I he iffe , theiefoic, became masiera of Mexico, they r..nniirw. r.f iKip Kuvinf alieadv annex ed I exaa to themselves, which was made to the United Stairs was t ..n-P in . in eflect this: that if the United States "fre ... i .l ... ,.... ll.n mnAoti,.!! ,C f!rr5.l 1 f )l 1. 1 1 II I ! Il II 1 llUt front and rear of ur West India colonies, ul u . r i , it . l a n hiatnrr of the vari- Britain that mediation w..uw 0o ti ai.kiy "r.re".ivrmeasures b which the ottered and tendered. I think that was going United States -..In nuw! unfavorable to British interests. ir. nrin.H that ibtrc never was a case of ! express any witi urMn the more unjustifiable aggression than that of j therefore no answer was sent, it being the United States upon Mexico, and that; undcrstoxl by the Government ol the L-as'the annexation of Texas was the test j hiteJ States that the cotimuicii aiioii was for President of the United Slates at the : not one which necessarily required an au-last Presidential election, so would the an- ; ?wer, tha' they were left at liberty to act ncxation of California, if not of the entire I upon it if they pleased, but that no umbrage of 'Mexico, be the test at the election of j would be taken by this country if they President in the year 1948. In gaining ! abstained from taking any frteps consequent n;.i. nf Mntainorfla. the United States ' npon it. 1 had, l;oeer, an interview not had aaiued the key to Central Mexico, nnd i lng ng- N i'h .Mr. McLane.the American gain by these operations; were thereby enabled to introduce their Minister, who, 1 oni scny to say, was manufactures into it without payment of j obliged, on account of bis health, to retire Irem Ins post here and return to ti:e l ni'.eu Slates. I um sure cery bedy w li;i has had the good detune of knowing tLt distinguished man will grealU regret that il:e An expensive war, such as would make our acuiiisitii8 even putting out of sight I . ,.f,.k..... mi. nlunru fif flnV liniM ' loos "i Luainvii i, ci.ov... . i , - . TiK tt to enlarge our possessions, and mo many e national Tmischiefs which would be b.ed by n. W Mpendilure, and growing our beginning a career of conquest poor ebt. Under such circumstances it is not I . j . surprising that many a longing look should The'ivy public debt, as Certain to be 1 have U-en turned towards Ashland; and incurred; with, ufcourse, an eventual resort many a cilnen, grateful for the benehts dc tor paying it either to, direct taxes or an "ved from the .policy so ably sustained by K...J a..,;. ... r Henry Clar, hft desired to prove to htm K U'USr t:ut 9 ua nil 'wimwwiw, . , - - . . 1 i ik.it .lKl..nt .'mIij r rt m r fl tfta Mis I'll f 1 1 V tt t ji tx i ucit at uv o ti x i nii'u is wi the henrt, and that, although no longer in : Republican of the 10th, furnished by a Mr I aiker, who saw the battlc-s lrom a lookout on the top of the Mormon temple, in the citv of Nauvoo. lie savs: It was under such an impulse that Messrs. Albbo, HotT & Co., of Eliza. Iicthtiiu'rt New Jerspv mitiiiifrtrliiri'r .i c a i .u i . j c in each platin, one Inuidred htirsenieu. and scven- thcre of fliwir oilcloths, se ectea one ol . r ".., . . r . . , , . . ' . . , ty.fi re rtillen'-meu, bi-nnJen iroin one liuudrrd ami their most finished, clotbs and the world ; firty to ,wo hundred in wapon, muking, iucluding affords none better nor handsomer and i officers, upward of eiht hundred men. 1 hey approached to within two mile ot the raox Tni new rout commercial. THE MORMON WAR. The events now taking place, or that have recently taken place, within the limits and jurisdiction of the state oflllinois, are most extraordinary; but still more ex-Inordinary is the practical apathy with which they seem to be regarded. A civil war is positively carried on in a portion of the state, lietwcen two classes of citizens: a war not stirred up of a sudden, or origi-nating in any casual excitement, but presenting itself as the final stage of a long, angry and bitter controversy, attended from time to time by incidental acts of violence. Is there no Government? Has nobody power and authority to put forth the strong hand in the name of law, and peftee, and civilization, and humanity? Or ifthe pow. er and authority est, is there an utter lack of inclination? The Governor, or nominal Governor, Mr. Tord, is reported to have declared his opinion, in writing, that he knows and desires nothing better than for the belligerents "to fight it out;" his action certainly appears to te in accordance with the doctrine ascribed to him, for he remains perfectly quiet and leaves them to "fight it out" at their discretion. The latest full account from the scene of strife that we have is in the St. Louis and energies in Lis pott a a S, i;nt. the United Slates; while, as a gi,(xJ n.Zi aii4'a:;ood-,'VVhig, L will a!M,v, ',,.' ir(uiHI' IV . BUi OC.lie Uie C!('(, n J I II. i resiocufiai canaiuaie whom ii l ii t!;e nartv ia ila wi-jrtum nl it.- 1 -i . ' .ll;i niays-ieerns ine oes-t man ,,r i . . i the 16th instant a committee of filly, op-pointed by the citrzens of Carthage, went into Nauvoo. and held a conference with the leaders of the Nauvoo forces, the're.' suit of which was that a cessation of hosjl tilifiea for two davs was aireed upon: audi it was hoped", with some confidence, that the " . i.i i ii'i .... antagonistic parties would, in me course , anu ine iveputjiic. iiichmwd Yh,, of that time, be able to reconcile their dir-1 ferenccs sufficiently to dispense with any : DF.MOfRACV. further fighting. ! n'e w' rd democracy, r, Before the arrangement for 'nn armis- , means tiomethmg. m getting i,,, , lice was agreed upon, several bktrmishes t otliil u '-nsed 4i,r !i,)f;t took place between the opposing parties; lut it does not appear that they wen- attended with any serious results. (I cinles. and as owing his nomination entire- PVC ",t' n" 8" s-rv,ce V " ","J"U niii rija n ufittPfiinn n li fi I mtn I V rtrilom ana ui !v to the South Carolina party, would, if elected, pull down the 1842; That, with the very measure (war) which At 12 o'clock, i. (on tin 13th) the uuti-Mormou army took up iu line of rnarrh to Nauvoo. There were fifty-two platoons of footmen, averaging nine c.i .X ill ui.t..rl as lar as in the then existing state ot tii:ni's . , 1 iu. nnu .t.Mhc Government ol Groat Biirain could Texas, anu o inm "v. - , tempting to annex Mexico and California, j proprly have gone. 1 he Government ol . l . ... .wl n..t i,. tl.A w:ir the United States, however, considering I n !r is mere wno mu ti ' . " . en now existing between Mexico and the U- " hat I have already stated with respect to would require a powenui .j.iem . . ununo, , nited States? by the firm and earnest me- ! the position in which the Oregon question : and render Government l..ans, 1 reasury diation of this c.H.ntry. it would lead to re- had placed (Jreat Britain towards the U- paper, an.1 ot curse an ...creased issue of. nitcd Mates, aid not unna u exp.-u.ei.. u v . . . ... hrin w!lH(lilMh a rfMr.Clir! suliject. and attempt to set up me oppoane o, . nni. Mn?nnm nr fhl. ,in , leno.le; they were find upon at their advance and a &u!rtreasury and a hard monev sys- . ' ..... ... .r ' flank enurds hv tlie . Mormons, from u corn field. tl.m. i at Ashland, hnished and tashioned the oil- . Thb fir( rel-riled ,,y tllP ullI1,.-) fimt wilh ,, That besides all the direct loss in na- c!o.th cy fit and then dispatched it aTmy aIlJ afterward a .aa1i..i),chartred withgraM ' , iji. .l .j ; to its destination, accompanied by a brief; nl.ot, wax discharged into the field. Squads of lll'll.li 1 A W- IIUIIUIV3 ..vivivy . . i ...ru.u . . . I be a great private one in the interruption ; let'. wlncn they ask Mr ay s ac or overthrow of much of lh trade and i. : cer,a"c "f lhat 'lciinen of . American . . , , ... manufactures, in token of their eenso ol dustiv ot the exuntrv; ,. ' . ,. J " h.a nam.- ani rrruat mill! i crt ina attrl Thai t.f. . v nil Texan, snerii ators an: : """J - I Moruioiis. were afterward secu at vuriuii iKiiiit., tfnd wefc succi'tively driven hy the fire of the cannon, luilii i!:e amies hailed wilhiu u mile ol'tlie temple, 'he Mur.;u;is ucc uiliitia'.ly fired a canuou, but without elVcct. The a'tily iirt.llciy if the Mormons are wnte cana ii they mjiui alnreJ taeirrelves out of the chfts of ate .im boat, wliich pMrly answer the pur pose a,i,l w j Jie tin- antic. n-al advaulavo over any duties. They had thus won (tusscssicn of the commerce of Mexico, which was in iiselfa serious blow lo the commercial and manufacturing interests of (Jreat Britain ,j i t...v,i,i "gratitude hr his powerful advocacy ot , Go ernnient ci.ntiartors and brokers would i f . r. , . ,v.. tne interest ol American lauor. inc , 1 i i .1. i l . : .r i 1 'in..., ,i. ...1- .. unnht oiicioin reacneo us acsiinauon saieiy, anu J 11114 Ulb Illi'lUia wu a I . v. " wax . . tilt! ' crt;.r : .-imn.Ln ith th.ir ,.-A,fu or. i lts reception IS tDUS acKHOW.edgCd Oy .r. , them, as thev huv. five firl rate aix-Doundr. 1 1 ,i :.,:,...: ... . , I Cia : do nt knw certjiiiiV wuelt.er nv blood wai cupations; and lueir institutioi.a, and laws J n i i ." .. . . . . i r ' ........ ..i . . o . - .,-,.. I FDi.lrd vntterdav nr not the ant.es claim to havr i r : ti...; ..i.i; "iranjn. npnr. ii. iwin. : r . ... ... ai.u m i m v.u.uiva nu n.v n mum, i - 1 iirariuy; The Mormon War. It is strange, and certainly not creditable, with what indifference the American people regard the proceedings in and about Nauvoo. There is a wickedness in them "sufficient to call a curse upon a country a precedent po. tent to excite and vindicate evils that may convulse the country. It is a civil war of the most guilty .'disgraceful, and dangerous character. Considerable nmitcs are em-, bodied and armed on cither side, and' arc preparing to imbrue their hands in hlnod. The cause of the quarrel is as to the pri-vilegp of rapine. Yet, though these terrible facts are ringing through the land, scarce a journal expresses a word of reprehension. The LocofocoCiovernor says, in irriling, (the letter has bee:, published,) that it is better to let then, tight it out. For such a sentiment, and for his course in accordance with it, he deserves immediate impeachment. It is the primary duty of the State to suppress with t best rung hand this disgraceful wnr. Fail-ing the .State, it is the duty of the (Jencral Government. Yet, though the progress of this guilty war is daily paraded in the papers, all are coiiteiit. We repeat that it is a crime iu whiclfwe nil patticipate, at,d one sufficient to call down a cuie upi u the country. Xorth American. 'mi;. good) purjxsc. .Some, linn Keystone, in this city, puMj . in which the wiiler Muted il.at y,r ..1 :.i i ' i us HiHiiii i o ii i iir i .i . , (ir in j from the Uoior. ("iiy i-l:w;,s Harry, to that thought;") editor of the Union ct.tr.c t! tiau:c4.s wie rumor, and i: n j,, under the m-se ;f the com1!,,.! Keysione, ta; mg someiliiii-r ;, neighbor " ror.v.v; ;, , The l'obert l.e Dair nf tl.. ( ,.; stand: his position, r.:id tliii.K.,u shavinjr (he Fresidcct may lather a reI'rac toi artizrui ' wag ins tongue ngTin.-i senger ot Exccutne ;, But Uie gallant ( 'o!,,i;r takes the State I'ariiei turns upon him o i lowing remarks: " As to our jiniP'tiiiT te. ! t, . only th-.:t m:r Ucuineiucv Iu-lionetl before, uo.r rr -, ml,;;, i. Catiuaet utrti-Ueutoenuie dor' of denyinjr fliutle;. ,n turns out : lie e( r:i i:t. i ( fn in the U i. i ii In i ,i'i :.l i ,.. iili eueh our I 'i u m i ,n . ,,. over tl.e art.r'i s I; r ; lime ui our jo:ira;t!. when ii I, M-rtin-j tl.ut h: h t,,.- ... ., , fali-e. He Jnntuuee, ai: .,., , lo II.- wt t! e prefi lit i . ... in the ('(linnet. V.Y v i .- .i :lian2e was efwt!n:'.ilu'' j. - ; Iw o Weeks or hi ;i! er. i i, I; from tiie N.ivy I lep.irlui' -n:." "It .on. -f i! . 1 1: nl.'ci ; I : i '-t' , ill t!:- i.i-.-! ifthe Colmiei ! I " Cl t" v-r T i? w w I i-...itot rmir r.i-..i. .r' killed Mrveral. 'l'lif-v fired six pound bulln into some bon- where Moriiloiw tere rtationed; one tflcr several remarks on the uniustifiable two cotir.tries nave lost the i-er.crit t.t his character of the means by which the U- ; services here as the organ of coiiiaiMiica-nifed States were working cut their schemes ! tion between the twoGovcruments. (Hear, r- territorial aggtranditement, he asked hear.) lam satisfied that, whoever the Lord Palmerston to explain the existing United States may think lit to bend in his state of our relations with Mexico, nd ' place, no man can be sent who cati have pressed upon him, at the same time, the : at heart more strongly than he has the expediency of our taking some immediate maintenance of good relaliciis between the steps to prevent the annexation of Mexico United Stales and England, or w ho can be ti Ibe United States, and to put an end to possessed iu u higher degree of all thoe the hostilities mw prevailing between these qunlities w hich might enable him to carry two countries. He reminded Lord Pal-' that wish into eflect. (Hear, hear.) merston that on the 29h of June last the ! I f und from .Mr. McLaue lhat such as then Minister of the Crown had told the ' I had described had been the uuderstand- House that the Dacket. which sailed on the ingof the United States; and '21 of June, had taken out an offer of medial ion on the part of this country to the Government of the United States. Now it was stated by the official orgi-n cf the American Government that no such offer States fr settling the On Fhat, out of this exchange of our past d ultimo, several ceks ago, and 1 . went entirely tlmuf!i a bru k ho.we. On iheate e:u e miMleration. and ilislici- ' aave Within a tew days. Oust salely re- ot life Oillica none were fenieu or wounded. i lie policy of p for one of lapacit) grow difiicu.lies t.uniidable than Mexico, whom the same spirit of overbearing would embroil us w ith; but lhat, meantime The Administratitfli of Mr. Folk would bn-ak dow n the tariff of 1842; would w ith ingot the L nited Mates; and as, tortu- nateTy, it has fallen to my lot, since I have held the seals of tl.e f n-ig:i depai tment, to exchange with Mr, McLane the ratilica-tions of a convention with the United n rpiestion, of mediation had been signified to cr made ' , on lh? part of her M jesty's (Joierninmt, drive abroad specie by its e (Toils at metallic by VI r. Pakenham, our Minister at Wash- have instructed Mr. Pakrnham naicto make circulation, gi'.e us a paper Subtreasury, v and aoirression might wived the piece of floor oiiciodtfto which ! "",!'-"J'"2 laslcd three l,.,nr., d.mug vfliich time ) ana aggiession, migni r fiftvsix jitim were firad. about siiteeu of wh;ch with other Dations more j 11 "k, which you have kitidly presented ; fi h , lonumm to me, to cover the floor of my hall. It j it Mij t.e Mormona mke a fr.rtre or the came in perfect order, having been put up temple, and to-day Ur unties will prob..bly try to with remarkable care. It now occupies ltaller k down witl' t!,cir pounJew. They the place tor which it was designed, and tnM, ",,0, ."P00 ,l 5 rtW,b",lhe daA,,uc . . . . , .. ,. , - wan loo rreat for any t fleet. The Mormona wilt IS greatly adlUired for the Solidity of the fil- unUedlv have to .urrender. The .ucce of it destroy a "teat body of capital invested unc ana lnc taste ana ieaury ot me uril- the antiea yeaterday. in forcing the Monnoiw to in inamiliictunoesUblishments;and would . liant colors w hich adorn it. It would sue- retreat fro..'. eery 'p-uon they were fonnd i... Ibi.g ou: of employment, except in agri- ees.fully crm,are with any piece of floor I hi:"' .."' fc!"? 11 ' - 1 l . I r ' Die i.uhiit inilluiuiMir. r iijit .11 ui iiiuiin inir resis-aucc, I tear Lie teni'i e will be de- 8trove.L That it would break down the peace your acceptance ot my cordial thanks and After ihe brine of cannon censed, the antie without doing any honor to the character grateful acknowledgments for it. P'fhed the.r te,,u one mile wet of the .eu.ple of the country; and its domestic Arts, with- ' "You have done roe the favor to present j me mis vaiuaote anicie, as you are p.easeu j Yrienlay n.orninK the antie. prorm, d to con.-lo Slate, for iry 'many and great public ; prointe ou term very nimilar to lh apn-ed up-services,' and as a token of your grutitude ! a with J-n- Sin(tleiou, only that the .MonnntM for mv 'powerful advocacy of the interests y7 'o1' '"''" i'"rt)' day, iustead of sixiy. of American itKlustrv.' I 'f hw Umc lhr Mur'0'"' to "P1- f .m knm,v r.InflrM. fk. ... k, i In ti fight i.w Mornons were killed and culiiite and at low wages, great numbers oilcloth manufactured in foreign countries ; of laborers; i or at home, that I have ever seen. I leg j royed out any ultimate advantage to its foreign commerce; That it would overthrow the public revenue, greatly embarrass the currency, ii.gton He concluded by asking Lord the re neiccJ ojt r of mtdiatuni in a shnnr and plunge us in debt by way of extricating , secured your approbation. In looking lack Palmerston what was the true state of the thai shall require an antucr frr.n the I case with respect to this offer of mediation? ! nited Stales. A corresponding communi-V iscount Palx EB3TON: I shall have great cation has been m:tde to the Government pleasure in giving my noble friend an of Mexico, and then-fore, the ctfer havir.g answer to the question he has put. I trust, ! now leen made to Intjt the contending however, that the House will thiuk I am ' parties, it will denend on the answers we pttsuing that course which is most le6t. may receive to these couruuiiica'.ious in t:ng the position I hold, if I do not follow what degree t!.:: Government of ibis coii:.-my noble friend into those observations try may le. ne-eslol in liritigiug to an which he has made upon the past trnnsac- ' amicable settlement a dill'erence. which I lion between this country and the United am sure all the well-wishers of both Mex-States, Mexico. and Texas, concerning the ' ico and the United t'tates w ould rejoice to relation to that country with Texas, and i see terminated. the annexation of Texas to the United ' There is another point, I think, of some importance, as illustrative o geneial prin- that the United Slates having found coles which involved the necessity of rreat ad ditional exiiendittire. military a-td natal. States. These are matters which belong to Jiast periods; the facts are historically known; and it is not, I think, necessary or useful for me at present to express any o-pinion upon them. (Hear, hear.) Sir, my noble friend has expressed opinions as to and finding that their revenue was insnffi- the injury which must accrue to British , cient to meet the increased demand, be-intere'sts from the war now going ort bc ' thought themselves how that revenue might tween Mex-ico and the United Stales. I be increased. What was the r-t-p w hich entirely concur with my noble friend lhat, ; the United States took for that purpose? iu the present state of international rela- That step was to lower the duties on im-tions in the civilived world, it is impossible ports. They said these high protective that any great war bo carried on between ; dutres might bo all very well in time of un.j two considerable and independent peace, when the revenue is ot less object States without that-war affecting prejudi- : to us, but we must abandon them now that us tVuiii the claws of the moneyed aristo cracy; That it would destroy our public credit, and perhaps land us, as it was sure to do sorue of ihc Slate Governments, in repudiation. tixik care to add to annexation further provocations, and to march to the Rio Grande, on'y lw wre wwundedtiiot severely. The tiring, therefore, must have Im-cii of the "long shot" kind, or the Mormons did not expose themselves with much hardihood. The terras proposed by the ant i-Mormon were that the Mormons should give lip their arms and leave the state within thirty days the writs against individuals tt) be seivcd. Arms to be restored when the owners should have left the state with themselves engaged in a wr with Mexico as if in order to convince our poor neigh- from my retirement upon my public career, there is no part of my public exertions which I contemplate with more satisfac tion than the support which, throughout the whole of it, 1 constantly, zealously, and faithfully gave to the industry of my Go.h1 prophecy is in d.:e time nothing ' ow country. Its prosperity or adversity but history w ritten in advance of the facts. ,,aa tccn infihbiy marked by the ade-v .1 i ... I....J t i i ... ' auacv or iiiatk-airtev of i.roteetion. an th, . ui , n.i3 ii. i j'iniu oi imu lit u.MieL 1 1 livi j i .' i . . , . , ... u ,PP ; tl.ermfwneter indicates heat or cold. I beir grnxU and chatc.s. The anti-Mor- ' I. L.cofocoism said that "Annexation," "eve that the system of protection, not- trt "'" ,br''S city, pledging in fiance of ihe protests of Mexico, could withstanding the opposition w hich it has ( themselves to molest neither erson nor mUtrari lo War. Nay, as if determined encountered, has. pushed the nation j properly unless attacked and a competent lhat the event should contradict her, she toward half a century in advance of where '"' lu ,bo. s:utlolied m the city to t-tilorce . i l i ! . . l l .- f i inn innni nr. u wouiu i;aip ueen u ice uicirines ol tree ; - trade had always prevailed iu our uublic ! PSaP"1' rejected, not by the councils. Whether it will be pushed back ' Mormoiis I.ut by one Benjamin Clifibrd Jr. bor lhat the more we got the more we ag" to ,nt ,an or any other extent bv the 1 arm recently established, which has FROM Til NATIONAL HTTr.I.t.'IF.NCI':. A D'ISTIXCTIO.V WITHOUT A 1'IM nH-EX'CK. 0 In its loyal haste to contradict even thing from a Whig source which questions the wisdom' of any deparlment, bureau, or officer, high or low, of the Administration, the government paper M.inetiiries falls into very amusing blunders. The following is one of tl.e latest, if not one of the mot laughable. Having transferred to our columns, from the Si. Ii mis R''iiMie;in, an article pointing out smne improprieties in the issue of certain Treasury drafts to a Paymaster in Missouri, the Vnidn conceived itself bound, of c j'irse, to atfa.-k the Writer's positions, aifj accordingly, in its numlK-r of Friday night, dashed away at them furiously. It comments o:i this p:n- j sage: j "The St. IuiH article ad ts: -Thi- snhtre.isary I law pasMed a i ;r j irat to the delivery to M.ijor Walker of the imiiien-ie mhiii of Trea.iry draf.s t.i I which we havi- alluded.' " j Well, sj'.h, the I'jiLm says is the assertion of tin- Si. Louis article; and here ! is the Unhn's denial of that assertion. ! The rea lor iriay lx incre.hilous, but we (juote the Union verbatim: "Now thi. law parsed o:i the flih A'tist. 11'i. and the whole amount of drafts is:u-ii In M ij ir W'ulker w;is on tin- 1 jtli July, lK4(i. Ix-.n twenty-two das before instead of -nb ..iijiu lit' to the pustige of that l.iw . ' Tho St. Louis writer says "tho Sub-treasury law passed subsequent to the issue of the drafts." '.No; (s-ays the U-nion.) not so; the drafts were issued be lore the pass;ige of ihe law." Heard anyone ever the like? We sup-liose that the difficulties of its post may account tor an o casional momentary bewil-dermenf; but the qrgan is gettiiig decidedly oqt of tune, w e fear. A DIFFERENCE VH'IIUUT A UI.ST1NC-TION. gross (Von i the man nir.v ha', c iii I . ; l'il-t I). 'hi n ;;rct " I'hj.- 'A ',i i;i;iy ! i-: ot l! in NeV ll. i.ij.h.!. a.ia M-i I berul Wli'j; I r.i.n-.i.!: ,ii ,,,, - lll'J lO H COI.i'i.ll ll'i ill ( i . i with the .Mm.: i . i:,. ' l .. , It h:i j-'pctis, wc !:r.i; ,' tioiiists ot Miiio- rt-t lie i.w ii caiiiiK:;i!c-; ;it : ;it stum- hccu or cigi.i Governor. .e,e jive:i I neither Whi I, , oroMime to !e the A'iti t. i : e t ! !l I ; 1 1 I'.i : ' t d tie, Un -c In. i. i,r Mi laity ciiiuii be as the scicutio'.is print have ;!: aversion to the siij)j irl oi .'. had that par.'v ti.oughl 1. 1 l Hem K-ta's no I have c'icti e do u t remember tl; :! :!: i Union eji:" am objri ii-.o support when that sup;i..i I cici ! tou iiiivt rii ir o.' .Ma out lr:.'t do not think tl.ut to this d.i I.. ted that the election f c -:!.',;! V any the le.-s acceptable l.i-c:Mi-e i: Icctcd lit tho votes of t!;" . in. n . .7 .() it Ir'n, ii i B.uwtifu FJf't r'.v. A !. it: : Ruglih gentleiuati nov. io Li dressed l i a 1 1 it-ii.) in this citx . all parties on the p-tsage which will 1 1 : 1 ! i ! l ; cat 1 the Ame i -a;i. mai Ul t ai.v! he :.!Jo: 'f.et the Ataeriean mm :fn pot oti ten.- we a!ill rertn.il Im 1 1 ow l;e:;e nielli! 1)- t ct ti::i!i oi public !msi;.r .. British talil.-s, are Icn i'v can r.i.iiiutiiciurei's, win .M I t. it. wanted, and that she mul fight or be pre annihilated. sought to subvert the previous system and styling himself "Major commanding Illinois militia," on the ground that he waseni- powered to disK-rse the anti-Mormon force Hiid that he could make uo terms w ith them, it i.i .i lie nameu inree gcniiemen, however, as , conlaine.l ihi commissioners to negotiate, and various propositions w ere exchanged through these, nut nothing came ot them, and on the 12th renewed. The second the fighting was sctiity 1. L .c.focoism is now as much bent on l" embody luosc doctrines, remains to be : taking California as ever it w as ou having M'en' 1 confess that I seriously apprehend , Testis. To get the latter, it only suffered S1"1 '"j"r.V to the general business of the colonists to he enlisted among its; to se- i country, and ultimately to the revenue of I cure the former, it is now enTisting colo- ,Dc Coverurneut. If there shall not be a nists ihems!v..i- f s -vi v r vnv'. ror...r.unt 1 large addition to the amount of ourfL,reijni ', 1.. wl .niui; it,..' t u.. . imoortatiooj. the Treasurv mui nori. battle is thus described ....u o ii'.ing on iu aiuuuu va.ic iiu.il ai i ' . . . - the public cost i nice a large deficit. If there should be ! Tl.o battle wa resumed to-day at one o'clock, 3. The war' has no doubt already cost " addition sufficient to compensate the : ''J:" ,Mur n"d .a ha.,f . Fro'" 0,, h'": cially the commercial interests of all other ; the corrmiencement of war required a great thirty millions full three times the sum j reduction of duties, the increase must be , fr,,,,, Uie cmamMU of o., VhoJlVom tl.e countries which may have relations of! augment art ion of our resources. That cir- 1 fin-which, hail wo acted fairly and peacea- PH' ur an equivalent increase in the . Mormona were entirely harmless; not a .nun or uly, we might have bought Texas, and ul- lur -'ur pon, or mo oaiancc must : w" mjiirea ny mem, tnoiij.ti they whiBticti timately California. i oe adjusted in specie. I have not the re- ! '"f f'1"!0 CVCI tire- T1,e &n o( ll,e ''"'' 4. A public debt, in the shape of. siand- 1eIPecIa,io? ,h- W M mg issue of Treasury notes, is already in-1 tu l 'lect payment l.y additional exportation ' di, any execution i,k..i life I conld not l.-am. ciwred, and prints which suport the inea- j 0, ,he products of the country. We in the j The enpngemeut with small am lasted about swres of the Adm nistrat on are advocating L' ao no1 oeueve mat tne relaxation in ''" r- V)tatoe. Hear that Ripka! h:-:ir that, nil of t Hear ll.a 4., on: t luti i.i I) commerce w itn me iwo conieno.ng parties, cttnmance u a strong illustration ot t:;e And in proportion as commerce increases, ' truth of those doctrines w hich go to show in proportion as commerce is freed from?) that freedom of commercial intercourse not all those restraints which tend to limit and! only conduces to the development of the circumscribe its extent, n that proportion ' commercial industry of a country, but to will it be the interest of all nations that ! the surest foundation of an augmenting and peace should universally prevail. (Hear.) Therefore 1 do look with greater satisfaction upon the progress w hich has lately been made fry those doctrines of extended commerce which appear to me to afford j our arreting, in a determined spirit, the answert-d, cite the follow in"- article, of the j t',c (),hcr alternative, iu the event of un prosperous revenue. (Cheers.) Mr. D'Isbakli considered the rVp'y of Lord Palmerston to be any thing but satis, factory. He insisted on the nccessi.r of " ' " ' . . " " . I ' Mil IN I.MI lill'HI Ult .11.1 I i flUIIV ... direct taxes, w hich intleed, the Southern j jhe British system of restriction js going j . S;: t.ee-trade men had done some years back. create a. considerable demand tor the ; had u, fro,n . Mposcd tU b. As to the Whig prophecy aliout the j ?urHlus Ul. uur agricultural produce. v e Pari fi". we need only, to show how that was ' shall, I fear, be constrained to resort to additional security fbf the maintenance cf peace all over the world. (Chfers.; I think, however, my noble friend has in some degree exaggerated tho facility with which, in his opinion, the United S.uU-s may establish their authority and dominion over the territories of Mexico. Those territories arc vast in their extent, and in proportion to their vastnesa i en. hauced the difficulty of carrying on military j nited Slates to his last communication system on which tne United States were ffctfng -a system which menaced y once 6trtf"!Nor!b American and our W'cpt Indian colonies, und evinced a disgraceful desire for univarsal empire. Mr. Kkhnal expressed his satisfaction ojierations of an aggressive character with in their limits. That country is occupied by a very large population, of from eight to ten millions of inhabitant, of a race different from the people of the United Slates, of a religion different from th r.. at the speech of Lord Palrncrstori, and c,r":tpri.tic of the Coon papera, denounce Cl. contended that we ought to wait and sec ?ik advuncc,M ttn "0Pr" fr-trad -htoriuB ,vU. U l. no A k.. .u it ! 1Iu' ""thorny tor this Kratmtoua assertioa w of ....... ...luiiw. ,.w.. ..v. .v..i....u lr,r u- course not fiirnikhed by rhe Iutelliire..cer. a it U I the'poliry of Ihe Wkig pa pert to deal in habitual posca position. Uotl. I fonglit well. The Mormona jf treatin.n. the e.un- nons of the anties advanced, until the cannon balls of the latter were exhausted, when they retreated ML ,.f t tun c. i:.i:- i . levcess of iinrortatio.. nH ,u v fi., ! m 'J'1 ortJor b"rl1 10 UmT C'"P- Hie antiea can ' ' leno.iij; ocom- . ---- - . r 1 rj .... effec, ,llU lhrv ,rivo tn Mormons from ro paper of Pennsylvania The Hari isburg " thc precious metals. I need not dwell , u.ir houses with ciinnon ball. If they had had a Democratic Union: on tne commercial disorder, thc embar- sufficient suplv of bulls 1 believe they" would have "Col. IW AVn fR TXarrr-A Vilf. Wine. ms.sment CVe' dri,artD,eHl of business, P -ion of the city There were none kill. FAL.BooD-Ve perceive that thc HunUbnnr I all1 Ul wicle-spread rum which would be I I; " Tl '",ra:ol,e' occasioned by a constant exportation of,ailJlhe rjK: uriAi'iR in lunro Hrniuml. W a I...ua l.nJ :. .1 1.. . ... . - J pcrcciv Intelligencer, with the mendacity so eminently Mr. Wakelky said ho considered the sjeech of f ,ord Palmerston to be the speech of a peaceful Minister. He was delighted to hear that the noble lord was anxious for the restoration of peace between thc United States and Mexico. and honed that he Jigion of the United States; and though it ' w ould not change his policy luhht be easy for the United States to in .corporate with the Union a country like. Tfa, filled and inhabited almost entirely by Utiitcd States settlers, the question, I can 8,aur my noble friend and the House, becomea frerjr different whei; it applies to V ieAUji of territories inucb more 1 j ..... . . .u.i.n.jr peapvea, ajiJ innaUited by a race . 1 n ... - Here thc discussion dropped. Another Speck of War. We learn Wi the Cincinnati Times that all the troops now at the Newport barracks have been ordered to proceed forthwith to thc interior of ()i,i0( for tje purple of remov- ing the Indians, hi- (i.rii nfnnn. frr tUa, d.Lerent in those two respects frot.i thc M'"'"' resertatrm, purchased not long race which tuUi U posaess them. I II L . . . ... i oowever, say aplhoig which shall in nince from that tribe, to their to.ida of the Mississippn They refuse to move. p.r new ho;rMj from the report f nrni. .um view it. "de;re a&et Ihkharactr of im par-' ns tncv are dissatisfied with (ei wa...7 wotew uents m Uistrmueit thut of. fcrs its isedtstton brtwv contending pi tis. (Her, hear.) My nobl friend d.tuh tho ccurcy of tha sUtcmed which wa, mad by h, Masty', Uu Corern. nut with respact to ih ofirr asserted lo hv been tondared by them, of raedia. Uo betwu ihA two partita. I m gjd, ? Pceiaors, tUt my STteL'ii.rS. '"tt,! tb' '1 lir producing .n effect more Tji.on nChu ThelVds are boV tl: characteristic thin ptfetkal." miri tprtnentation both of the merr and measure of Hie Democratic party. Noin me happen to knme, and state upon the authority of a Tkn.nm-8Ekan wilt whom we hare converted at Baltimore a near neighbor of Col. Polk that he hold a the doctrine of Free Trade in unqualified abhorrence. He hat never ad corn led it, and never will. He ie in favor of a judicious revenue Tariff, affording the amplest incidental PROTECTION to our A-merican industry. He is thk Esrecui, friend and ADVOCATE OF TIIE COAL AND lAO INTEREST, (!) those two great object of mtlieitude with Fenntylvania; and, believing permanence in our law to be of incalculable value, ts orroseo to the distueba.nc'e OF THE PRESENT TARIFF. (!) "These" facta we stale upon the very beat authority, and cautUm the Democracy of this rreat State agaiuat liste to the miareprtweoUUiona of the Cooua. The truth is, the at rouK name of Pouc at)d Dallas have struck our enemies with aucb deep consternation as to make them desperate in feeling uod unscrupulous iu the use of means." New Kind of Buttle. Mrs. Shrub's work, "Domestic Resldenoe in Switzerland," has the following sentence: 'lit er, dcr to ease tho labor of milking the cows, (be maids sit on little low ttools. which they carrf about with them, ready strapped Exectdire Appointment. Tbcmaa D. Meares, Ksq., of Wilmington, has been appointed Aid.de.Camp to His Excellency, Governor Graham, with the rank of Col. in place of Algernon Sidney Yancy, dee'd. The Governor's Staff now consiata of the following gentlemen: Joseph J. Erwin, f Biirke; John W. Cameron, ofRichmond; Rehert T. Paine, of Edenton; Thomai D. Mear, f Wilmington. Raleigh Register. experience euough of these fatal conse fjuences whenever protection of our own industry has been inadequate. "In all these views I may be eutirely mistaken. It may turn out that our importations will continue to flourish and in-crease: that ihe country will contiuiie to prosper; and that the revenue of the Gov-crnment will be ample. Anxious for the welfare and prosperity of the nation, what-ever counsels or fiystems of policy may prevail, I shall be most happy to fnd these results realized, and that I have erroneous-ly entertained the opinions to which I have so long sincerely adhered. 'In every contingency, gentlemen, I pray your acceptance of my best wishes for the success of your beautiful manufacture, and for your health, happiness, and prosperity. "I am, with great respect, your friend and ob't servant, H. CLAY. "Messrs. Albko, Hoyi &l Co." Big Apple. The editor of the N. Y. Commercial Advertiser had presented to him, a few days ago, a golden pippin, which measured fifteen indies and a half in circumference, and weighed twenty-five ounces. It grew in N. Carolina, and (he tree from which it was 'taken, had on it a hundred apples in all, some twenty-five or j thirty of them as large, or Jieajrjr so, as 1 the one described abotc. it s thou?lit mortally. George Weir, of Warsaw, was shot in ihe neck and severely wounded. The Iofs of the Mormons, either yesterday or to-dav, naf not been .-isoertaineU. Tli Mormou h:ive 11 iecies of gun they manufacture thei.ua.lvei. which they call sixteen shnot-n and which will discharge sixteen times without reloading. . At a short distance they are very effective, and give Uie Mormona a great advantage overtljeir enemies. Tho antics will wait for a supply of cannon baits. i ney amo expert re.nrorcemeuu, and unless the Mormous force it upou them, I do not expect there will be a battle to-morrow. Muj.'liflbrd. of John Tyler notoriety, former post mauler at Quincy, was iu command of the Mormons to-day. Who will be iu command to morrow I canuot say. The Republican says Ths Mormon force is estimated at from five hundred to snt hundred, but our informant says they have very little ammunition, and are almost entirely destitute of provisions. He thiuks that their destitution of provisions and am.nuuitiou must yet render them an easy couqnest, although many etthem, men and women, swear they will die on the soil before they wMl bs driven away. Iu many eases the balls fired by the anties are gathered up by the women and carried to the Mormon camp to be used again. Such of the women aud children as Can, have crossed the river te Woatrose. Many ef the new citizens have au (tt m. Those who remain, it is theug ht, will sell their lives dearly. It is stated by some of the Mormon leaders, that thev have a mine lata in the streets, by which Uiey hope to effort great destraetieo of the antie if thev rain ao eatraece into the city. By telegraph we have accounts- three das later that is, to the15th of a more j Upeful nature. According tr these, on "Mi!oit'.itics neu-r come nlore," (tht-v s;iy;) and thu iu it. c;igt-rness to contra, diet the St. I.:iuis writer, the govo;-i:iii;.iil paper fails into tlo- a.Mitio.otl l!;:n. l contradicting itself. In it niiopM-r nf Au-rust 21. in an article tcfon.li:i'r the Tre . sury Departuu-nt Imai souie I.Iaiiii! m. i;e subject of these T.eaii:'y ilraf., the L')i'u:;t itiitenieiit; "Some uf ill,-- Treuiiry iir;if!u havr lieen issued in June la!, nut m-d;ited, a some nn ilitin-si4, fur I lie piT -lie ul evading the low. f-r, ue rriM ut, tin; law li.i ii ,t iriilu!)ilr, their Usue.. Otherx hare ix :i:eU tinrr, and 'unit in lUe caneit mowfA,"' Vugu.M. Such was iu statement ou the 21st ot August; yet in the paper of Friday night almost pmv-jkes revolt last, the lolli ot oepteinher, it )rcents-js, course, obta c contra, with the following nchuiSinn: -The whole am-ijint of these Trrasury drafts i-wied was JiiU,('U(l. Tlie tiivt iastie was on the 523d J une, I c46, and the lit4 isxue ... if- 12'Jd July, lf4C. Nsue have been jud tiuce, or will Le u-sued." Thu3, in August, this sentinel, defender, and orgnn of ihe Executive, says "tlu law-has not prohibited the issue of these drafis. and some have leen issued in the current month." Yet, iu Septemlier, (oblivious of what it said in August.) it asserts that "thc last kuc was on the '2'lS July, -and none have, been issued i'ice." A!a! t I. I l'i e.. i:' in ; :ita I a ie an., fnore ItH'Ol in voin ,; ;n : lirilis'i need them, l! e wi'l I .) l' ()!i! tho w.iu.h'! lui resj.'. i I in e ti-u'r ! gi!.-t:ill Hea itii'iii Cf'.ii.ii -i.tHi n,-.. n tt doing-i of the presi iii a. tin 1 1 1 1 1 ; t ; . :i el i' ' c.Muitrv! We give no :n e i;n:-i ' the north oi iCuiopo, and o:;r unini ! ' to :ny Itudy, aa.l Of nr. b tin- 1 iirili.-!i. at.d il.e ntilietive 1 i -1 . ;i ! i n 1,1 I'roviilence in Iie'atnl, our -ii;i!a! !' p'ant a:i.l dig pot;i!oe-; anl tlm- :i i"'1'1 adtninistratioit. that r-ciii '- ia l Ii.'.u i. 1 a i: w 1 1 1 1 ' ' ' 1 oni (,.re:gier a I'"''- sioti lor tejr c-ple ti dig. i ' becoaie la-wers of wro!.aa'i ': water, tor foreign csprab'-1 anl in i iii y. THE NEXT PRESIDENCY. A Florida paper nominates George M. Dallas as tho successor of Mr. Po;k a nomination which we shall bo very happy , to see ratified by its party. ' j James G. Dirney, the Abolition eaiuii- j date for that office iu 1844, has addressed ! a letter to his brother finatics, declaring j that he docs not desire to bo a candidate. ' in 1848, inasmuch as his intinn hfxlrh renders him incompetent to perform the ! SomP' bn1 fn-rltilics of tlm nffit U ,.i i.., I need not burn anxiety on that point, unless the Locofoc-j. th IX m"n,,,f; , , . erateful to him for th -.ju.u .-...1 The troops are nil on board, am! the a m -' "- -- v. vnvn-iu . y J . " ' 1 "1 a ! ' U)V st ilf "ii ii;i tins i:i 'iiim IVebh The "C.ilifonii.r '"' expeditio-i clears fir '('owes asd :i ni'"'-ket." Like every il.ing el--.- th-'Ad :iin -tration has dour-, all i : croi he. I ;.i:d a ;; ing direct. Al'er months of pa ::.! promises of !ai:d in Ca!i!!rni;i. iw.'-1 have cleared, for ; ()ivn,': and '' ': ' '' 'Rio Jaueir.i an 1 a i-.t.i:kei." ' !,. ie ti.f members of this disorganized tro i ur u meet, preparatory to laking t'aiiioi inn know not, but probably, we uninformed as the originators o! :! We are rr'ad the shios have ' e'ea n 1 , . suppose the cotii'inuder I.iium im'"' ii. by tho diroctimi of tin- Presi dent. '!' ' the Colonel from Washington in "i"' haste and with as liftie cerennitiy a L;i ' Macbeth (lismifse, I her gno-K wli" " told not to stand upon the ordt-r t llie.r Tne ( a'ltoima grn.c M the rangers will not : : t I'll 11!. M.I tn Mr. P lr ik- L.i ... ! reaov ior sea, ... ..... . -ran ... ,uv iafl l.aill03, ailllUlU ! . 1 I ot,- .. -i. . . j . .1 I under convoy oi tne snip ot war I n .anc inni up ns itirir canaiaate, on uie i r, '.. , ... . . , , :t .1 ... , The di-i.nle nlxnit the clothes ha l." piniwion- niai outs eoou turn deserves anoin- i , , . u -. . , , ' f . i settled: the sol.hers keen the rloil.es. pi uivi ui une eoou lurii oesei ves anoi n- t , . , v -. . , , . ' ......, ?. ..ii . . i sett ed: the soldiers keep the clothes, I cr an event not very likely to happen, . , - . 1 i however, notwithstanding he is a diiciple i w"u" ccut. h.n be of the -free trade" schl, even to the ex- , n,ade U ,ho or,i?'"al ch'" f V rn: . 'r .: JVir York L.riw. bren tent of Direct Taxation We are glad to see, that, with very few exceptions, the Whigs seem indisposed to plunge precipitately and prematurely info the canvass. A Delaware Whig paper is almost the only exception to this remark bat we are aware of. It has placed ihe name of John M. Clayton aMhe head of ita editorial column as the Whig candidate for that office, and persists in keeping it tbero, in opposition to the wish of that distinguished gentleman. The last National Intelligencer sayr. "We have reason to know, and wetevi authorized to state, that Mr. Clayton's feelings are entire, ly opposed to thia proceeding; that it u hii solo ambition and aim to serve his country with the devotion of all his tfcjet Exlensire. Fire at Georgetown, S. C. Between 9 and 10 o'clock on the night of the 15th inst., a fire broke out in thc millinery shop of Mrs. McWilliams, and raced until tho whole square, (the most valual'le in tho town,) was destroyed, with the exception of two buildings. The following are the names of tho sufferers, most ot their property being destroyed, viz: Miss Charlotte Joseph, Samuel Joseph, S. Wil-mot, Col. Lather, George Dura t.t, Dr. Miller, Stephen Farroiv. David Wilson,' Rev, Mr. Howard, Dr. Rird, and Mr. Duller, Dr. Prior's house and Uie Library room were saved. Alwut thirty building in all were destrfTedx

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