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Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Friday, May 10, J 974 Juggling The Department of Defense has an astonishing capacity for sleight of nand with Funds appropriated for military purposes. This capacity manifests itself in two ways. On occasion, large sums of money appear to vanish, only to surface again somewhere else. Every once in awhile, too, the true cost of some weapons system is more or less cleverly obscured so that neither Congress nor the public seems able to learn just what is being paid out. Both of these phenomena have been exemplified within the past few days. A short time ago .Congress was told by the Pentagon officials that they had found 266 million dollars they didn't know they had. It seems that this sum had been mislaid through an accounting error, and was now miraculously available to provide that much more military aid for South Vietnam. Various explanations as to how this might have occurred have been offered. Our favorite is one attributed to an unnamed congressional source: "It cannot be explained." More recently we have Rep. Les Aspin's charge that "the Navy has not been frank with the Congress and the public about Trident's true price tag." The Wisconsin congressman maintains that the Navy has deceptively not included some 2.8 billion dollars in its cost figures for the Trident submarine and related missile development. He itemizes omissions which, to his way of figuring, make it appear that the cost will be around 12.4 instead of 15.2 billion. The Navy denies that there has been any concealment, arguing that certain items have simply been included in other categories. For example, the Navy says. 1.53 billion of the sum Aspin is concerned about is for equipping Poseidon submarines with the Trident missiles, and thus is charged against the Poseidon rather than the Trident program. The Navy may have some right on its side. Still, the'-e does appear to be a lot of questionable figure-juggling. A system under which millions of dollars can be mislaid, and billions confusingly shifted from one category to another, poorly serves the public which foots the bills. Prison Rights Our society, compassionate in intent though sometimes callous in practice, cannot but be troubled by the punitive denial of some rights to those behind bars. Men and women of good will cannot escape the conclusion that in many cases no valid purpose is served by this denial: they perceive that often it is vindictive or self-serving rather than correctional. These circumstances make especially welcome the Supreme Court's ruling that prison authorities may not censor inmates' mail except for certain narrowly defined purposes. This decision further advances the concept that prisoners must not be treated as sub-human creatures deprived of all rights, but are entitled to constitutional liberties which do not interfere with the correctional process. Prison inmates who had brought suit argued for full First Amendment protection of their correspondence: they said officials should even be barred from reading it. Prison authorities took the opposite position that they should have absolute say as to what goes on behind the prison doors. It was their position that the federal courts should stay out of it. The high court took the sound middle course, saying the First Amendment requires prison officials to "show that a regulation authorizing mail censorship furthers one or more of the substantial governmental interests of security, order and rehabilitation." Even when those interests are involved, said the unanimous opinion, "the limitation of First Amendment freedoms must be no greater than is necessary or essential to the protection" of such interest. This brings us nearer to practices based on reason, not on blind adherence to discredited traditions. Rail Study It clearly makes sense for the government to declare a moratorium on abandoning branch railroad lines until the potential effects of such action have been studied. This is the thrust of legislation introduced by Senators Hubert Humphrey and Walter Mondale of Minnesota. The matter has been brought to a head by the Transportation Department's plan to reorganize bankrupt railroads in a 17-state area. The plan, as Director George M. Chandler of the Interstate Commerce Commission's Rail Service Planning Office has said, involves "massive abandonment of rail services." While it is evident that this would have a serious impact on the areas served, the extent of this impact cannot be known without a careful study of the situation. Meanwhile, calling a halt to abandoning lines would be good policy. Reveille - Sort Of Viewpoint • ^ v Cairt Breathe Easy Advice Mother Sets Bad Example? By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: My mother is 59. Six months ago. Dad died after a short illness and she was so despondent she said she didn't want to go on living. Well, somehow she got the strength to live because suddenly she tells us that she met a man and he asked her to go to Hawaii with him! I should have said something then, but I was glad she wasn't despondent anymore. She said this man asked to marry her. but she refused because she didn't know him well enough. Can you beat that 1 The whole family is divided over this. I disapprove, but haven't the courage to say so. I think she's setting a bad example for the younger people in the family. My brother tells me not to be such a prude. He says we should thank the good Lord she isn't crying all over us and wanting to move in. How do you feel about it. Abby'.' Does age make any difference'.' I wouldn't want my 23-year-old daughter going to Hawaii with a man and no wedding ring. Why should I feel Health Reader Misinformed Bv Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D DEAR DR. LAMB - I am not a physician or a member of the FDA.but I do have a right to my personal opinions. I feeltne AMA and the FDA are working together to bar the God- given right of any individual the use of vitamins to supplement the synthetic, lifeless food now pushed down the throats of the consumer. Also. I feel the use of natural vitamins in high dosage which you people say is harmful is not. as opposed to the synthetic ones the AMA and the FDA take into consideration. I am led to believe the AMA will not be satisfied until it can get all vitamins under prescription to get their cut of the business and to keep people from staying healthy by taking natural vitamin supplements if they choose to do so. DEAR READER — Yes. you arc entitled to your opinion, even if it is based on misinformation. Your views represent a segment of the public who do not really understand vitamins and are often victimized by commercial interests. The recommendations for the amount of vitamins we should get arc not set by the AMA or the FDA. your first bit of misinformation. Rather, they are set by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Science's National Research Council supported by the federal government. This organization has nothing to do with the direct fee for service practice of medicine. So. you are very far off the truth. Their main goal is to set standards to ensure the good health of the public and to protect the public from unfair and often untruthful promotion. Your attitude represents a sort of widespread paranoia about the medical profession, which all too often is based on ignorance. That is what makes people like you an easy mark for the propaganda of profit-making Daily Times Herald 5UH Nurlh Court Street Carroll. IOHII UaiU Kvccpl Sunriais nncl Holidays other th»n Washing- Inn v Kirtndai .iiid Veteran s Day. by (he 1 Herald I'ulilisliinu Cotnpam JAMKS W WILSON. Publisher HOWARD H WILSON. Keillor W I. HKITX. News Kdilnr JAMKS II WILSON. Vice 1'rrsnU'W (it<iu>r;il MnnnRrr cummemal interests. The AMA and the FDA are nut against people having vitamins — 'another misrepresentation. One of \ e first acts ol' the FDA was to be.sure that vitamin preparations did. in I'aet. contain the needed amounts of vitamins and not substandard amounts that mislead the public. Doctors and the FDA are all for people getting natural vitamins — and because the best natural vitamins are in good wholesome foods, it is usually recommended that the best way to get these is by eating a proper diet instead of pill-popping or paying through the nose for so-called natural vitamins promoted by commercial interests. In those cases where a person cannot get sufficient vitamins in their diet, then vitamin supplements are commonly recommended. L'nder periods of stress, for example during pregnancy... it is -common for doctors to recommend vitamins and minerals. Finally, .von are wrong about natural vitamins not being harmful in large amounts, as opposed to synthetic- vitamins. Let me give you a classic example. The polar bear liver is loaded with vitamin A. just about as natural a source of vitamin A as you can get. So is the halibut liver. It' you eat much of either you can get deathly ill and can even die from the effects. Many such cases are well documented. Excessive amounts of either vitamin A or 1) can have adverse effects. The excessive 1) can cause dissolving of the bones and other problems. KntiTi'il as second-class matter at the 1 posl office at (.'Mr- mil Iowa under the ad nl March 2. ltW7 McnilxT "I the Associmed Press The Associated I'ress is entitled exclusively «> (he use for rcpulilicHlion nl all the lucal news printed in this newspaper as well as all Al 1 dispatches Otfu lal Paper n( Counly undCily Suliscnptiun Kales IU carrier Itm delivers PIT week S W IIVMAII. I 'iirmll ('uuni.v mill All Adjoining Counties where carrier service is not available per vear 12000 Outside n( Carroll and Adjoining I'minlu's in /ones 1 anil i per u-ar B300 Allother Mail in the I'mtcd Slalrs. piT u-ar ' $2TW mm WORLD © 1974 by NBA, inc. "Honest, Honeybun! The reason for that smile on my face was I was dreaming of being offered a big fat WFL contract!" By Bruce Biossat any different about my mother? CONFUSED DEAR CONFUSED: Every adult has the right to pursue his (or her) own lifestyle. You may disapprove if you wish, but you haven't the right to impose your values on either your adult daughter or your mother. DEAR ABBY: 'l am a 15-year-old girl who lives next door to a lady who has two little kids. One is a year old and the other is three. On Saturdays, this lady comes over here and asks me if I will watch her kids while she goes to the shopping center. I always say yes. and she leaves me with the kids for sometimes three of four hours. When she comes back, she tells me how much she appreciated it and gives me a couple of candy bars. I think she should pay me at least 50 cents an hour like any other sitter gets, don't you? I have hinted around, but she doesn't take the hint. Is there any way I can tell her without appearing hungry for money? UNPAID SITTER DEAR UNPAID: Quit "hinting around." and come right out and tell her that you think you are entitled to a sitter's pay. And don't be bashful. You're entitled. DEAR ABBY: What do you call a person who counts and measures everything? He counts the number of steps as he goes upstairs, and the number of steps he takes to go to the garage. His shoes must be lined up perfectly in his closet and all his suits have to be hung a certain way. precisely. He places everything in his drawers in a certain order and he keeps them that way. He even keeps the money in his wallet in a special order, with the pictures facing the same direction and the same denominations together. I have searched the libraries and cannot for the life of me come up with that special name. Other than a "nut." what is he called? W.R.A. DEAR W.R.A.: Compulsive? CONFIDENTIAL TO JUNIOR CITIZENS: This Sunday is Mother's Day. You didn't realize it was so soon? You're broke? Don't sweat it. Sit down and write her a letter, telling her how much you appreciate her. and don't worry about getting too sentimental. I promise you she will appreciate it more than a $100 gift. I And I'll bet she saves it.) Celebrations may be premature in the White House and other quarters over the acquittal in New York of former cabinet officers John Mitchell and Maurice Stans on charges related to the Robert Vcsco "influence" case. President Nixon's spokesmen and some analysts here are suggesting that because former White House counsel John Dean, admitted perjurer, was not believed by jurors in New York, it automatically weakens the prosecution's cases against Mitchell and other Nixon officials in the forthcoming Watergate trials — and perhaps diminishes impeachment prospects for the President. Matters are not that simple. In the Watergate affair and related undertakings, two blatant crimes were committed: the burglary in June 1972, of the Democratic party headquarters and an earlier break-in at the California office of the psychiatrist of Daniel Ellsberg, who leaked the Pentagon papers in 1971. In the Watergate burglary, trial already has been held and seven men convicted of direct or indirect participation. Trial of others in the Ellsberg break-in begins shortly in California. The Watergate trials center on these hard events, on what knowledge various White House officials had of them, what if anything their role in them was, what if anything they did to try to cover up the White House connection with these established crimes. In the Vesco matter, the real core of the case was the government's allegation that investment man Vesco paid $200,000 into Mr. Nixon's 1972 campaign fund in return for efforts by the accused to impede a Securities and Exchange Commission inquiry into his financial affairs. But, whatever Dean, SEC cousel Bradford Cook (another admitted perjurer) and others said about meetings and telephone calls involving Stans and Mitchell and the Vesco case, the fact is that the SEC case was NOT impeded, that he himself had to respond to a subpoena, that he refused to testify under invocation of the Fifth and other constitutional amendments, that he later fled the country, that he is under indictment and could not set foot on American shores free of charges. Homemaking Thus, at its heart, the government's case in New York failed. There was no "hard event." The conspiracy charges against Mitchell and Stans take on potent meaning only if something happened. But it did not. As one experienced lawyer here told me: "Juries do not like to put people in jail simply for thinking about something." Nor do perjury charges have the same force when they are not clearly connected with an established offense. Lying may not be admirable, yet — despite the "sworn oath" process — it is less important in a courtroom than many imagine when it is not associated with a proven larger breach of the law. This reality is not wiped out by comments from some New York jurors that they dealt first with the perjury counts against the defendants. These counts had to seem less impressive to jurors who never were given convincing evidence that the alleged lies covered a real obstruction of justice. That some New York jurors say they didn't believe Dean may not be crucial, either. The judge had warned them his testimony as an admitted perjurer was open to question. At least two jurors suggest Dean's impact was not great. Furthermore, his role in the coming Watergate trials will not be the same. The Watergate prosecutors will be offering corroborative documentary evidence wherever they can. They are, of course, still seeking more. Dean's place in the Vesco matter was tangential. In Watergate is it central. He was in the thick of conversations involving many others, some of whom have not "bought immunity" but have pleaded guilty. And these men were talking about real events — burglary, break-in, and attempted cover-up. It may be a bit early for Mr. Nixon and such indicted aides as H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman to break out the champagne. Barbs Now is the time to go syphon the gas out of the neighbor's mower. Add to your dictionary of collective nouns: a persuasion of salesmen; Discolored Clothes By Polly Cramer POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — As a college student who must do her own laundry and no longer rely on the family laundry service I have become more caring about the state of my clothing. One distressing problem is what to do about gray and yellow perspiration and deodorant underarm stains on under clothes and white blouses. Is this such a hopeless situation that the clothes will have to be discarded? I know many products are now non- staining but it is too late as far as my clothes are concerned. Is there a quick and easy way to re-whiten them'.' Please send me some help! Family Lib -SARAH DEAR POLLY - My Pet Peeve concerns the cards put on flowers sent to funerals. Those who write "thank you" cards find it very hard without addresses. It would be greatly appreciated if the florists would put the address on the card along with the name of the sender. —MARSHA DEAR POLLY — Betty wanted to know if ironing would take the permanent press out of permanently pressed clothes and the answer is "No" judging by my experience. We have tried it many times and nothing has gone wrong yet. Premarital Sex Bv Lew and Joanne Koch "Dear Joanne: As a moderator of a youth forum talk show based in Denver, I had an opportunity a few months ago to discuss premarital sex with a panel of high school students. . . They agreed that boys will try to engage in as much sex play as a girl will allow and that it is the girl's responsibility to decide when to stop. ""Incidentally, these students also felt a definite double standard regarding sexual activity still applies among their peers and their parents. Boys are expected to have sex, while girls are not. . . I feel it is unrealistic to expect 'strong affection' and love (quotes of Dr. Bernice Neugarten, "Daughter's of Dilemma" column) to be bound up with very much of the sexual activity of young adolescents." JUDY BARTZ, Denver, Colo. Dear Judy Bartz: Bravo for your sensitivity and interest in young people's views. Though the Koch children are not yet adolescents, Lew and I seem to be preparing for that period as if for a decisive jousting tournament: peers vs. parents. I collect bits of advice as Isaac of York gathered the gold to pay for Ivanhoe's armor. Not all the advice is gold, not even the majority of it. But I'll give you my amalgam from wise adolescent specialists. 1) A new distinction between mature antf premature sexual activity would be more meaningful than the old distinction between marital and premarital sex. When Dr. Neugarten stated that sexuality amongst young people comes in the framework of strong affection, she had in mind young college age people, rather than young adolescents. Most adults are upset when they hear of sexual activities among 14-year-olds — not so much because it is premarital, but because it is premature, not in line with the psychological development necessary for an enriching relationship. 2) The double standard is a sword which cuts both ways. In spite of the sexual differences that you and your high school panel members suggest — greater aggressiveness of males, and the concern girls exhibit for reputation and romance — boys at ages 13, 14, 15 can be just as confused and hurt by actual coital activity as girls. Boys at this age are also struggling to cope with feelings of dependency and passivity, feelings which are in direct conflict With the aggressive, self-assured masculine image they seek to project. They need time to integrate tender feelings with their sexual drive, so that warmth and intimacy will become part of their mature sexual activities. 3) The frustration we impose on our young adolescents by reasonable regulations and behavior standards gives them a chance to undergo this integration^ to attain a degree of psychological maturity. Putting a ban on all premarital sex is tantamount to wearing blinders. Helping our children to delay intimate relations until they are capable of psychological and physical intimacy makes good common sense. Now, all we have to do is get Lisa, Rachel and Josh to see it that way.