LB* Poge 10 REDUNDS, CALIFORNIA MARCH 14, 1964 Ruby's lawyers fail to convince jury If there has been any question about the force of law in DalJas, Texas, it was laid to rest today when a jury found Jack Ruby guilty of murder with malice. There was no question that he committed the crime. It was seen by a nationwide television audience. His lawyers were unable to convince the jury that he did not know right from ^vrong, did not know what he was doing at the time he shot down Lee Harvey Oswald, accused slayer of President Kennedy. In our system of justice, a man is presumed innocent until proven guilty. Ruby's only claim to innocence was on the grounds of mental derangement at the time of the act The jury decided that question once and for all. Ruby acted with malice. He took the law into his own hands. No man can do that and justify it HLs case was no ordinaiy case. He was defended by talented counsel, but it took the jury only two hours and 24 minutes to reach a decision. In the minds of the jui-y there was no doubt Guilty. The real tragedy of Ruby, of course, is that ^vith his gun he prevented the world from learning what forces motivated Os^vald to assassinate the president The Warren commission will try to answer that question, but whatever its report history is deprived of the complete answer. Unsung heroes of freedom Another unarmed American plane, a reconnaissance bomber, has been shot down over East Gei-many. While the three crewmen parachuted to safety, their fate before a Communist court is uncertain. Not so lucky were the three aboard an unarmed trainer shot down sLx weeks before, also over East Germany. Their deaths made a total of 80 Americans killed since 1950 in incidents involving U.S. planes and Iron Curtain territory. One of the amazing things about the Cold War on the German border, is that Soviet planes are not shot down and apparently do not sti-ay over the boi-der. Why our planes get into trouble and their's do not is not explained. The Cold War is carried on with massive troop concentrations on both sides of the border. Each side is somewhat trigger-happy and it is no small wonder that a border "brush fire" war has not flared up long since. Because there is no shooting war in Europe, Americans are prone to forget the thousands of their fellow-citizens who are on the front line making it possible for the nation to live prosperously in a time of uneasy peace. Occasionally an American flier, or a GI foot soldier gives his life for his counti-y in the Cold War. These men and the others in Europe and around tlie world who are defending the fi-ee way of life are the unsung, but i-eal heroes of our time. Healthy oysters Diamonds may still be a girl's best friend, but few gu-ls would turn down a string of pearls. And gentlemen may be pleased to leai'n that modern science is helping bring down the price of the coveted nacreous concretions, as well as improving their size and quality. As everyone knows, pearls are the unwilling products of irritated oysters, formed by the secretion of nacre, or shell material, around grains of sand that accidentally lodge inside. Until about the turn of the centuiy, pearls were the lu.\ury of the very rich. Then a Japanese noodle merchant named Kokichi Miki- moto pei-fected the technique of "seeding" oysters. Today, Japan produces some 400 million cultured peaiis a year. Natural pearls play an insignificant role in the world market. Until recentiy, though, growing pearls was still a chancy job. It takes three to five years to produce a pearl, and one good pearl out of 20 was a fair average. Then Japanese scientists speculated that bacterial infections might cause discolored or misshapen pearls. Now, after four yeai-s of tests using a special formulation of the antibiotic Aureomycin to treat the oystere, they report a 30 per cent inci-ease in the jield of top-quality pearls. The fashion worid is reacting to this breakthrough by decreeing strands of large pearls to be the ultimate in chic. Isn't nature wonderful? Especially after men get through with her. The Newsreel All hunters of e-xotic game will envy Secretary McNamara his fact-finding trip to Vietnam, a pait of the world where the fact is about the most elusive quairy a man could pursue. Ad\'ance ticket sales for the New York World's Fair have already reached 35 million doUai-s. Grannie Groan says word must ha\-e got out that she is exhibiting her piccalili. History planned tilings poorly by having a lot of important things happen in parts of town where it is hard for the tourist to find a parking place. With a Groin Of Salt By Frank and Bin Moore Orange county has sued Redlands School District in its "sue eveTy^>o^y" water suit The school district is owner o£ shares in wells and water companies that it has either acquired recently or has owned for many years. The county counsel which will defend the district in the suit requires historical data about Redlands schools, so Bill Gibson, assistant superintendent for business, has been digging into the old records. He finds that of the schools in the Redlands district Cram has been on the same site for nearly 100 years, 1869 to be exact. It started with an enrollment of eight. Next oldest on the same site is Grafton which started in 1882. Kingsbury and Old Lu- gonia (comer Orange and Lu- gonia) were built on the sites in 1888. Redlands senior high in 1893. Redlands junior high, formerly Lowell elementary, in 1898. McKinley and Franklin in 1903. Lincoln in 1911. All of the original buildings have since been torn dovra and replaced one or more times. Two years after Lineohi was built Redlands suffered the greatest disaster in its history — the Big Freeze of 1913. The town, which had boomed for a quarter of a century, suddenly went bust. People moved out and population, with the exception of a surge in the 1920s, virtually stood still for more than three decades. When , California became a big military base and armaments center, during World War II, Redlands again began to have an influx of new citizens and a rise in population figures. Thirly-cight j'cars after Lin- coki had been built it was again necessary to add a new school. Mcntone elementary was built in 1949. That was the start of the school expansion that has been growing by leaps and bounds since. In 1953 Smiley was built and has been added to several times. Cope Junior high came into being in 1956. Kimberly in 1957. Clement Junior h i g h in 1954. Mariposa elementary will be built in 1964-65. Moore Junior high 1966-67 and the southeast elementary school sometime in this decade. Summuig it up — 42 years went by while nine schools were coming into being — then 38 years passed without a single new school — then eight new schools in 20 years. In the transition from the old to the new there have been many interesting features in school, building. During the 1920s Redlands high school provided limited covered parking for students. This was in the row of hor^c stables on the northwest comer of Fem and Church streets. One stable was reserved for a student who drove a horse to school. Kingsbury school, McKinley and Crafton in the same era had steeples which housed bells. These were usually rung by the janitor, but if a student had done something outstanding he was accorded the honor of pulling the rope and ringing the bell. With automation of bcU ringing students have been gj-pped out of one of the joys of school life. The building which preceded the present Kingsbury was two story brick. This was declared unsafe because of the earthquake hazard. When it came lime to demoUsh the stnicture, it proved necessary to use dynamite. The building was a lot more earthquake-proof than most people thought — in fact just about indestructible. California or Bust! ASSIGNMENT; West Boloyan finds pramistd land is in Mtxico Redlands Yesterdays FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 73, lowest 52. Redlands track team and coaches shocked when Pacific high's cross-country coach, Louis C. Finn, gets hit in head by 12-pound shot just prior to the track meet between Redlands and Pacific on the Pacific ova). Nine buildings put on list as first properties to be auctioned by the state to start clearing the right-of-way for the Redlands freeway. Mentone Junior Women's club announces plans to sponsor a Salk Vaccine polio clinic for the general public at a cost price of SI. TEN YEARS AGp Temperatures — Highest 70, lowest 29. As long as it remains imin- habited, county officials say the historic Sepulveda Adobe in Dunlap Acres may not have to be condemed and torn down. Redlands schools sell Sl.l million in Iwnds to a Security Bank s>-ndicale which bids in at a 1.9 per cent interest rate. Mrs. John Sooy elected first vice president, of Beta Sigma Phi sorority's Southern California Council at a meeting in Beveriy Hills. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 74, lowest 41. Superintendent Nolan Pulliam reports that Redlands school population has hit 4,595, an all- time high for this time of year. Yucaipa residents dumfounded when a nonchalant deer wanders out of the foothills and window shops casually down Yucaipa Iraulevard with complete disdain for onlookers and other shoppers. One Minute Pulpit Why do you see the speck that is in your brother's eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? — Matthew 7:3. We all have weaknesses. But I have figured that others have put up with mine so tolerably that I would be much less than fair not to make a reasonable discount for theirs. — William AUen White. TELEVISION SATURDAY EVENING 3:25- 9-Golf Tips 5:00— 2—Movie 3:30— 5—Cheaters 4—Agriculture U.S.A. 7—Conversations 5—Movie 9—1 Led Three Lives 7—Wide World of Sports 4:00— 2-One of a Kind 11—Cinnamon Cinder 5:30— 4—Pagmg Parents 11—Texan 6:00— 4—News and Sports (c) 9—Abbott t Costello 11—Bilko 13—Rocky & His Friends 6:30— 4—News Conference (C) 5—Jimmie Rodgers 7—Nation at War 4-World of Golf (C) 5—Peter Gunn 7—Press Conference 9-Movie (C) 13—Rohm Hood 4:30— 7—Science All-Stars 5—Boots and Saddles 13—Movie SUNDAY EVENING 5:00— 2—Alumni Fun 9—Our Miss Brooks 4—Wild Kingdom (C) 11—Movie 5—Blue Angels 13—Bourbon St. Beat 7—Trailmaster 6:45- 2-News 11—Movie 7:00- 2-Sea Hunt 5:30— 2—Amateur Hour 4-.Survey '64 (C) 4—G-E College Bowl (c) 5— Jack Barry 5—Invisible Man 7—Have Gun —Will 9—Movie Travel 6:00— 2—Twentieth Century 9—Movie 4—Meet the Press (C) 7:30—2-Jackie Gleason 5—Polka Parade 4—Lieutenant 7—Movie 7—Hootenanny 13— Rocky Sc His Friends 13—Deadline 6:30— 2—Mister Ed 8:00— 5—Leave it to Beaver 4—Biography 11—WresUing 11—Movie 13-Movie 13-Rod Rocket 8:30— 2—Defenders 7:00— 2—Lassie 4-Joey Bishop (c) 4-Bill Dana 5—Movie 5—Movie 7— LaHTence Welk 13—Outlaws 9—Movie 7:30— 2—Aly Favorite Martian 9:00- 4—Slovie (C) 4—Disney's World 9:30— 2—Phil SUvers 7—Jaimie McPheeter* 7—Hollywood Palace >-Movie 10:00— 2—Gunsmoke 8:00- 2-Ed Sullivan 5—Dan Smoot 13—Mike Hammer 11—News 8:30— 4—Grindl 13—Caravan 7—Arrest and Trial 10:15— 5—Manion Forum 11—Bold Journey 10:30— 5—Movie 13-Ski Show 7—Movie 9 :0a -2-Judy Garland 11-Naked City 4—Bonanza (c) 10:35— 9—Movie 5—Mr. Lucky 10:50—11—News 11—Boston Symphony 11:00— 2—News 13—Operation Success 11—Movie (C) 9:30- S-It is Written 11:15— 2—Movie 13—Dan Smoot 11:30— 4—Movie 9:45— 9—Bus Stop 13—Capitol Reporter SUNDAY DAYTIME 10 :00— 2—Candid Camera 9:00— 2—Learning '64 4— Thousand-Mile 5—Adventist Hour Campus (C) 9—Movie 5—Freedom University 11—Movie • 7—Movie 13 -Variedad8s 11—News • 9:30— 2—Discovering Art 13—News 4—Christopher Program 10 :30- 2—What's My Line? 10:00—2—Movie 5—Business Oppor 4—This is the Life tunities 5—For Kids Only 11—Opinion in.Capital 13—Panorama Latino 13—News 10:15- 7-Movie 10:^5- 9-Movie 10:30-4-Frontiers of Faith 11:00-2-News 9-Ladies of the Press 4-News, Sports (C) BEBRrS WOBLD ..And if the Supnm Cemt fuids him gmltr, ihtn wt'll KNOW that iYlRYBOOrS 'out i» gie JMfa!" 13—Faith for Today 11:00— 4^Movie 9—Our Miss Brooks 11—Wonderama 13-Church in the Home 11:30— 2—Sura & Substance 5—Home Buyers Guide 9—Movie 12:00— 2—Capitol HiU 7—ChaUenge Golf (C) 11—Top Star Bowling 13—Oral Roberts 12:25— 2—News 12:30- 2—Face- the Nation 4—Legacy of Light 5—Baseball Buff 13—Social Security in Action. 12:45— 5—Baseball Warmup 13-FUm Feature ' 1:00— 2—Viewpoint 4-Ethics (C) 5-BasebaU (C) 7—Discovery '64 11—Movie 13—Voice of Calvary 1:15- 9-News 1:25— 9—Golf Tips 1:30— 2—Los Angeles Report 4—Confrontation (C) 7—Issues and Answers 9—Movie (C) 1^-Cal's Corral 2:00— 2—Insight 4-TaIes of the West (c) 7—Directions '64 2:25— 2—News 2:30— 2—Sports Spectacular 4—CoUege Report (C) 7—Kings Highway 2:45-7—Film Feature 3:00— 4—Sunday 7—Cavalcade of Books 11—Movie 3:15— 9_News 5—Open End 11—Under Discussion 13—Movie 11:15— 2—Movie 11:30-4^Movie . Teletips TOP SHOW: — 8:30, Chan. 2. The Defenders. "Survival". Marme drill instructor is court martialed for causing the death of a recruit. 7:30 — Cnan. 7. Hootenanny. Guests are tne New Christy Minstrels, Flattt and Scruggs, Steve De Pass, Pat Harrington Jr. Origmates from Salem College, West Va. 9:30 — Chan. 7, Hollywood Palace. Tonight's host is Groucho Marx. Performers: Morey Amsterdam, Rose Marie, Jennie Smith, Bertha, the elephant, Andre Tahon Puppets, Lee Allen, Gilbert Becaud, Four Little Angels. 10:00 — Chan. 2. Gunsmoke, A lecherous rancher stoops to I murder in an attempt to force his attentions on the ' woman [who married his nephew. By Neil Morgan TIJUANA, Mexico — Sirak Baloyan and his widowed mother arrived in this border town from Armenia in 1923, when he was nine. But they could go no farther. A U.S. consul in Ensenada told them that immigration quotas would not allow their entry into the United States for about 20 years. In 1945, 22 years later, Baloyan and liis mother were notified that their numbers had come up. But by then, Baloyan had found his promised land of America in Mexico. He was a Mexican citizen, and he has remained one. Thousands, like Baloyan, seeking entry into the United States, have backed up in border cities like Tijuana. Naturalized citizens typically rank high in the power structure of border cities. But few can match the Baloyan story. He is a bear of a man, with gentle eyes set in a craggy face. He remains warmly loyal to Armenian family and friends. But he has become a man of many cultures. His beautiful Lebanese wife, bom in Mexicali, is expecting their seventh child; the oldest is U. Both Baloyan and his wife are active in art and music on Iwth sides of the border; they are widely traveled and well-read. Vet Baloyan had less than four years of formal schooling. He has done everything the hard way. His mother bought a small back-street food market in Tijuana when he turned 15. Six years later, when Baja California was declared a free zone, to bolster an economy shattered by Mexico's anti-gambling edict, Baloyan began to import U. S.- labeled foodstuffs without duty for sale in the family market. It was a small begmnmg. He bought a Ford Model T truck for $17, and opened a credit of S50 at Klauber Wangenheim Co., a San Diego food jobber. Soon he swapped the old truck for a wrist watch, and bought a better truck. Mexicans were eager to buy U.S. foodstuffs. One of his most popular items, Baloyan noticed, was the U.S.- manufactured cigarette. He developed a market — first in Tijuana, and later all over Mexico — for Dominos. During World War II, his profits soared. He was distributing U.S. foodstuffs throughout Mexico. He built a packing plant in Ensenada and a mg factory in Van Nuys. Unplagued by high income taxes, his net worth rose high in the millions. But Baloyan's biggest bonanza lay ahead. In 1951, under prodding of the British, who are among the largest cigarette manufacturers in Mexico, the Mexican government passed restrictions which made it unprofitable to import cigarettes even into Mexican free zones like Baja California. Baloyan flew to Virpma and studied operation of a cigarette factory. He purchased machinery and flew it to Tijuana. Within six weeks, before his inventory vanished and his market dried up, he was manufacturing U.S cigarettes in Tijuana. Today, in a drab, nondescript building beside the Tijuana River bed, Baloyan manufacturers every Newport, Kent and Domino cigarette sold m Mexico: 600 million cigarettes a year. Soon he will produce other U.S. labels. The trend iii Mexico is toward mild U.S. blend cigar- eUes. Twenty years ago there were more than 100 cigarette factories in Mexico, many of them unmechanized. Today there are only five, and this one in Tijuana is the major one manufacturing U.S. cigarettes. The factory hires alxjut 100 workers, with 50 salesmen throughout Mexico. About $200,000 (U.S.) a month in Mexican taxes is represented by tax stamps on cigarettes made at the Baloyan factory. It ranks in several respects as the largest industry in the 800- mile length of the Baja California peninsula. But there are no flashing neon lights, nor paneled walls. Baloyan's desk is in the corner of a stark room shared by clerks and accountants. Behind him the factory rambles out. In a iHjrder city not noted for slick industrialization, it is a marvel. Modem machinery is imported from the United States, England and Germany. Tobaccos already blended arrive in hogsheads from U.S. factories. Baloyan has his own print shop tc manufacture packages and cartons. One of his most promismg enterprises is the manufacture of cigarette filters. The cellulose arrives in bales, and he holds a U.S. franchise for production and sale of filters throughout Latin America. From the little Tijuana factory come the filters used by cigarette factories as distant as Chile and Argentina. Mexicans in border cities are buying fewer cigarettes since the U.S. Surgeon General's report, but Baloyan expects the decline will be temporary. In the interior of Jlexico, the report caused no drop. There is no worry about Baloyan's holding on to his new home in Chapultepec Hills overlooking the Caliente racetrack and golf course. The old story of the industrious first-generation immigrant is repeated even here. Democrats in trouble in four key states By Doris Fleeson PUTT, PUTT SAN FKANCKCO (UPI) California ranks third in the nation in outboard motor users with 412,000, trailing only New York and Michigan,, according I to the National Association of Engine and Boat Manufacturers and the Outboard Industry As- 'sociatioB. WASHINGTON — Democrats say their Congressional campaigns are well organized in all the states except the four they need the most: New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and California. Victory for President Johnson in November and the Vice-Presidential aspirations of a wide variety of hopeful candidates are involved in the effort to come to terms with the problems of these four states. In each, the problem is different and difficult. Party leaders express the quiet hope that they can now interest Mayor Robert Wagner of New York City in leading them out of the wilderiiess. They will not press him durmg this period of mourning for the wife he has just lost after a long iUness. They do think that a change of scene and interest might appeal to him. No outside threat appears to any decision he might make to try for the Senate seat so long and honorably enjoyed by his late father. The race would not be an easy one. Sen. Kenneth Keating, Republican incumbent, has gained in stature and resource since his capture of the seat after a Democratic split in 1958. Democrats insist he could be beaten in a strong campaign backed by the resources of the White House which would be fully available to the Mayor. Minus the Mayor, the New York ticket will not have a big name to help the President. The choice of Wagner, a Catholic, would also help Johnson resist upstate New York pressures to name Attorney General Robert Kennedy for Vice-President. It now appears less likely that the President will have to run tgiiiut the Reptiblkaa Gover nor of New York. Even so. Democrats would like to start building for the effort to displace Nelson Rockefeller in 1966. Pennsylvania is governed by the dark' horse still ?eiwed as most likely to win the Republican nomination, William Scranton. This is a potential threat to Johnson in that key state, where his quarreling party has still to unite behind a strong Senate candidate. In Ohio the rival aspu-afions of the veteran Sen. Stephen Young and astronaut John Glenn dim hopes of winning the Senate seat and electoral vote. Ohio is governed by a Republican, James Rhodes, who will be one of the convention kingmakers. California has a second-term Democratic Govemor in Pat Brown, a Catholic with solid pluralities behind him in many elections, who wants to be Vice- President But Brown is caught in an emotional Senate primary contest which finds the incumbent, Clair Engle, unable so far to campaign but unwilling to withdraw. Both the President and the Govemor have to wait that one out It does not improve heir position. It also helps to account for the energy with which Sen. Barry Goldwater and Rockefeller are contesting in the Republican Presidential primary in the state. (Copyright, 1964, by U n i t'e d Feature Syndicate, toe.) NATION ON RUBBER NEW YORK (UPI)-To keep all of America's cars on the road a minimum of 246,735,460 (m) tires are required, reports Tyrex Inc., the association of rayon tire cord manufacturers. The United States, which rep- • resents only 6,7 per cent of ; the world's area, owns 63 per cent of the world's passenger cars.
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