Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Thursday, May 9, 1974 Unliberated When Sally Forth, today's liberated Ms., ventures out to make her way in the jungle of the male-dominated business or career world, it's forgotten that someone has to come into the home to clean the house, watch the kids, do the laundry or maybe cook. The fact is that today's liberated woman often depends upon another group of women — the domestic or private household employes — to free her of the housewife's chores. The fact also is. points out Dr. Doris McLaughlin, assistant research scientist with the University of Michigan and Wayne State University, these private household employes are among the lowest paid and least protected workers in the labor force. "More often than not," she says, "professional women deny their household employes benefits they themselves expect — indeed, take for granted — i n thei r own work." Although household workers are now covered by the new statutory minimum wage of $2 an hour, less than one-third of them work full time; many work for a different employer every day; they have no paid sick time or holidays; are unemployed when their employer leaves town for any reason, and although legally entitled to them, often are eliminated from social security benefits. The end result, says Dr. McLaughlin, is that the movement of one group of women up the economic ladder entails the economic exploitation of another group of women. In fairness to the career women, she suggests that their lack of concern for their sisters is because their freedom is such ar new development that they haven't gotten used to thinking of themselves as employers — a role that until quite recently was usually reserved for males. Until they do, says Dr. McLaughlin. "they may not even realize that in treating their household help in such a cavalier manner they are depriving other women of the same benefits that they are fighting so hard to obtain for themselves." Energy Unit The overall congressional response to the energy crisis has fallen well short of what the situation demands. In one respect, however. Congress seems to be suiting action to the need. It appears that an enormous increase in federal support of research on energy resources and development will be authorized. The House vote on an energy research bill is a measure of the feeling that a vigorous program is required. By an all but unanimous 392-4, the House approved the expenditure of 2.27 billion dollars for such purposes in the coming fiscal year. That is almost 70 per cent more than is being spent this year. When it comes to the allocation of this money, some doubts arise. It is arguable that too many of the eggs are going into one basket. The Atomic Energy Commission will have the disposal of one and a half billions, more than half of the total authorization. Most of its share will be poured into further development of the so-called fast breeder reactor, a marked improvement over current reactor technology. The question is as to the wisdom of focusing so intensely on this one means of providing nuclear energy at the expense of other promising energy sources. That question takes on special weight in view of charges that the AEC has deliberately played down the conclusion by reputable scientists that a massive increase in solar energy research would be justifiable. The use of the research funds will be diversified to some extent. The AEC will continue work on the rather distant prospect of harnessing the hydrogen fusion reaction. The Interior Department will study various things, including gasification and liquefaction of coal. All this is good; ultimately we will benefit by such expenditures. But the unfortunate impression remains that for somewhat obscure reasons one of the most promising of all potential major energy resources, solar power, is getting short shrift. Fireworks Bans of firecracker sales always touch off a burst of nostalgia in a generation that remembers childhood Fourth-o'-July delights. Yet just as surely, second thought brings thankfulness that society has at last had the go<?d sense to impose such bans. For the fun was outweighed by the toll .of injury and death that went with those fireworks orgies we remember so fondly. It is good news, then, that a nationwide ban on firecracker sales in June has been imposed by the Consumer Product Safety Commission. The same goes for word that tough new safety rules will be applied to other fireworks devices. Many states already have these things well under control, but this strengthening of federal regulation will bring an added measure of security. Viewpoint Advice Janes Makes 3 and That's Unlucky By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: My friend Jane and 1 work together. She and her husband and my husband and I had been close friends for 12 years. Two years ago. Jane's husband died suddenly, and we were all shocked and deeply grieved. My husband and I tried to make life easier for Jane. We invited her over and took her places with us so she wouldn't be alone. Her other friends had her for dinner once and that was the end of it. It's going on the third year now. and I think it's time Jane started to try to make a new life for herself. It's gotten so that she expects us to include her in everything. If we don't, she is hurt. and she lets us know. She and mv husband and I are a regular threesome. And who do you think gets all the attention'.' Jane does. My husband pulls out her chair and helps her with her coat and I have to look after myself. I mentioned this to my husband once and he said: "Why. you're jealous!" How can I remedy this situation without hurting anyone'.' I don't know how much longer I can hide my feelings. THIRD WHEEL DEAR WHEEL: Why hide them'.' Tell sour husband: "You're darned tootin' I'm jealous!" Enough is enough. Discontinue the threesome. Dig up n single man for Jane, or ask her to find one. but let your husband know that three is an unluckv number. Toilet Training, Ethic By Joanne Koch Toilet training is serious business. In spite of the humor that has always surrounded bathroom, chamber pot and outhouse, psychiatrists starting with Freud and mothers of untrained children have ceased to regard training as a laughing matter. According to Freudian theory, if training is too harsh, if the parents' attitude towards the child's failure to remain clean is too severe, the child might 1) become a miser; 2(regard his body as unclean, therefore something to be ashamed of; 3) become compulsive about order, insisting that things always be in their proper place; 4) grow up to be compulsive about control, insisting that people always be in their, right place. The making of a tyrant could be traced right back to the bathroom. Now comes a book called "Toilet Training in Less than a Day" by Nathan Azrin and Richard Foxx, two Homemaking researchers in the field of behavior modification. They also believe toilet training is important business. But they claim children can be trained in less than 24 hours if the parent uses the right tools, encourages and rewards success, and waits until the child is ready to make a break with diapers. Basically what happens is this. The child of approximately 2 trains his-her hollow doll to wet, under the parent's supervision. The child is in training pants, preferably for the first time. He-she is given a quantity of salty snacks and plenty of juice or soda pop. Wearing pants that are large enough to pull down and pull up and using an on-the-floor model potty chair from which the pot can be removed from the top, the child is encouraged to go to the bathroom, empty and rinse the pot and replace it. What Happened? By Polly Cramer v' POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — I would like to know if there is a way to tighten the ribbing on the bottom of a sweater after it has been worn or washed. —LYNN DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is the failure of cosmetic and deodorant companies to provide deodorant in purse sizes. I used to find such tiny jars in the 10 cent stores but they were discontinued some years ago. I like to carry a small container in my purse but cannot find any small enough. —BETTY DEAR POLLY — I am.answering V.V. who wishes to remove candle wax from the crevices between the bricks in her fireplace. She might wring a cloth out of hot water and apply over the wax for a while until it loosens and then peel it off with a fingernail or blunt knife. I wash my fireplace bricks with water to which I have added a bit of vinegar and they sparkle. —E.B. DEAR POLLY — To clean candle wax out of the crevices between the bricks in her fireplace V.V. might try using a wire scrub brush and liquid dishwashing detergent. This is the way my husband cleaned grease spatters after cooking bacon over the open fire. -EDITH DEAR POLLY — If you are sick of painting or refinishing flat cabinet doors you might cover them with naugahyde upholstery material as we did. The doors were removed, one by one, laid on a flat surface and the material cut to size and then applied to the doors with wallpaper paste mixed with white glue. I used a seven-inch-paint roller to smooth the material on. When dry the doors were rehung. A cleaning with one of the vinyl cleaners makes them look like new. Spools of thread turn better on the sewing machine spindle if they are first placed on a one-inch circle of felt with a hole punched in the middle for slipping it on. I am an antique bug so always carry a tiny magnet that looks like half a ball point pen to check on whether or not something is solid brass, copper, etc., a small steel measuring tape and a memo book with all the measurements of wall spaces and so on in case 1 might find something I would like to buy without having to make a trip home to see if it would fit. MRS. J.H.V. DEAR POLLY — I hated the ugly labels on my large hand lotion dispenser so soaked thorn off and applied lovely butterfly decals. Now is have a good-looking accessory on my bathroom vanity rather than what I thought was an eye sore. -MARGARET P. DEAR ABBY: I am a 28-year-old male with an unusual problem. I've worked at the same company for six years and have a good relationship with my boss, who is the president and owner of this company. The problem is the boss's daughter who also works here. She is very friendly to me. and c v e r y chance she _g e t s. she straightens my tie or gives me a little hug. This girl is very attractive and I find it difficult to get my work done when she's around. Last week, while I was standing at the copy machine, she came up behind me and put her hand in my pocket to make change for a soft drink! I don't want to offend the boss' daughter, but I can't reciprocate her friendly gestures, so what do I do? BOTHERED IN LOUISVILLE DEAR BOTHERED: You poor kid! Pretend she is just another girl in the steno pool. Why should she be penalized because she's the boss' daughter'.' DEAR ABBY; For years I've been reading about women who use the excuse that they're "tired" to get out of having marital relations with their husbands. My husband and I are both in our early 30s. We've always had enjoyable sex relations until the last five or six years. Now that I'm the mother of three small children, by the end of the day I am so exhausted, the last thing I want to think about is sex. Husbands don't realize how tiring it is to keep house, do the laundry, cooking, and care for three children under six years old. When my husband comes home, his day's work is finished, he can relax. My work goes on 24 hours a day. Where does justice lie? Is it hard to understand that a wife loses interest in being a sex partner when her children are small and demand so much of her time and energy'.' My husband still thinks I'm making excuses when I'm too tired at night. This can't be an original complaint. What do other young wives do? IN LOVE WITH THE SANDMAN DP^AR IN: Your children will leave you one day. and unless you change, your husband may leave before they do! Why not get a woman, or a schoolgirl, to come in for a few hours to give you a lift'.' Don't let yourself get exhausted and out of sorts. If a wife stops being nice to come home to — her husband starts finding excuses not to come home. Think about it. Reintroduced By Ray Cromley »,- Almost three decades ago, at the height of the war with Japan, Wu Haiu-chuan, then chief of intelligence for all the Chinese Communist armies. begged out of an important conference. He said he had to spend the day working as a laborer, moving rocks by hand on a local airstrip the Communists were building. There was no urgency in the project. It was just that Wu, like all other officials high and low at the time, was required by Mao Tse-tung edict to put in so many hours a month on labor at prescribed times. In the years since Mao came to power, he has persisted in sending intellectuals to the countryside to work with and to learn from the farmers despite storms of criticism from the country folk, who resented these people with their superior airs, their disdain for hard manual work and their lack of practical knowledge. Mao, nevertheless, was convinced that the educated too often build their theories on thin air and need to be brought down to reality. In this, Mao is in agreement with a good many conservatives in the United States and with such American intellectuals as Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger. A friend in the government with, two doctoral degrees and other scholarly achievements to his credit regularly consults for hours on end with a local union man who came up from the bottom the hard way, working with his hands. My intellectual friend says his union friend makes more sense than anyone else he knows and that he is in close grips with reality. Now comes a college president who took a year's sabbatical and worked as a laborer on a sewer pipe-laying job in Atlanta, as a garbage man in Dryden, Md., and as a sandwich and salad man in Boston. He says he gained in knowledge, in perspective and in respect for men he had not known before. None of this downgrades the importance of learning. Without scholarship, research and development and all that these terms imply, this nation — and the world — would come a cropper. Learning requires no apologist, despite the anti-intellectualism so popular today. But what we must have — and what we must find — is a way to somehow better relate learning to reality. Perhaps the method of the physical sciences is a logical approach. No physical theory, however, enticing, is accepted as true until physical experiments are developed and the theory tested independently by others and found to match what their laboratory work shows. It can be argued that intellectual approaches to domestic government, defense, economics, national and international politics and welfare do not lend themselves easily to physical experiments. Possibly not: but more certainly could be done. But, in fact, it may be that some other approach to reality is in order. Conceivably, a college president who spends a year in common labor, in business, on a farm or in some other such trade thereupon becomes more conscious of the real world. It is possible his approach to learning then is inevitably changed. We can remember that Einstein developed some of his theories while working as a clerk. Or perhaps intellectuals should spend half their time working in the world in which they wish to theorize. A life-long banker with the learning to develop mathematical theories on banking would be more credible than an economic theorist who spends his whole time in college and government libraries, coming out into the open only to present esoteric papers at some academic forum. Perhaps this divorce of so many intellectuals from reality is at the base of some of our most serious problems — inflation, unemployment, the energy shortage, welfare and our failure to develop a world at peace. Health Spastic Esophagus By Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D DEAR DR. LAMB — At times you have mentioned spastic esophagus (spasm of the esophagus) when dealing with such subjects as ulcers and spastic colons. Could you discuss this problem more directly? I can't find anything about it in my medical dictionary .and I believe I have this problem. Explain something about symptoms and cause. Is it diagnosed by the usual upper G.I. series X-rays, or is some type of special barium swallow required? Are the drugs atropine and Probanthine effective in the treatment? In what percentage of these cases is it necessary to sever the vagus nerve to obtain relief? DEAR READER — First, just for clarification, the esophagus is that long tube that connects the back of your mouth with your stomach. It has a heavy muscular layer in its wall. It can and does contract in a rhythmic fashion when need be to help propel food to the stomach. The muscles in the wall of the esophagus can go into a spasm or muscle cramp. Like any muscle cramp, this can be quite painful. Since the esophagus is in the center of the chest, just behind the heart, the cramp-like pain is usually in the cen- ter of the chest. A cramp-like pain in the center of the chest is also often a characteristic of heart pain. I think anyone who has such a pain must see a doctor immediately just in case the problem is from the heart and not the esophagus. The pain can be mild or severe, and it can last as long as the cramp lasts. I have seen young men with esophageal pain of such severity that it brought tears to their eyes. It is hard to say what causes the cramp, just as it is difficult to explain a muscle cramp any place. We do know that cigarettes aggravate the problem. A hiatal hernia with part of the stomach herniated through the diaphragm can cause regurgitation of acid pepsin juice from the stomach into the lower esophagus and cause such a reaction. Coffee and beverages containing caffeine also aggravate the problem, and nervous tension can be a factor. Relief of the characteristic pain by atropine (usually given in the vein during a severe attack) or by Proban- thine and similar drugs is good evidence of the problem. The absence of findings that would implicate the heart is also helpful. A persistent pain of reasonable severity caused by the heart will, in most instances, cause blood test changes or changes in the electrocardiogram. Daily Times Herald 9r 50H North Cuurl Street I'.irnill lnw:i HaiK K\rrpl Siiinl.ns and Holidays other (nan Washing- Ifin s llirlhd;i\ ,in<l Veteran s |>ay by Ihi' Herald Publishing Ciimpam .IA.MKS W WILSON. Publisher MOWAKDIt WILSON. Kdilur W I, ItKITXNews Kdilor JAMKS It WILSON. Vice President Cicneral Manager Knlcrrd as second class mailer al the pusl-office at Carroll Iowa under the act nl March 2. IHSI7 Member of the Associated Press The Assnriated Press is entitled exclusively lt> (he \ur for republic,iliminf all the local news printed in this newspaper .is well as all AP dispatches Olficial Paper of C'ounh andl'Ky Subscription Kales ll\ i-arniT !»>> deliver* per week t 60 IIVMAI1. I'arroll Cminh and All Adjoining Cuunlirs where carrier service is not available per\car $2000 (hilsidc of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in/lines I and 2 per \car . £2300 AllOlhcr Mail in the I mini St.lies, per lear $27 W BERRY'S WORLD "Hey, wow! Look at that old 'CAMPER'!"
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