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a place to grow Carroll Daily Times Herald Vol. 105 —No. 110 Return Postage Guaranteed Carroll, Iowa, Thursday, May 9. 1974 — Ten Pages Delivered by Carrier Boy Each Evening for GOc Per Week 15c Single Copy Wholesale Price Rises Slowed WASHINGTON (AP) Sharp declines in farm and food prices slowed the rise in wholesale prices in April to its slowest rate in six months, the government reported today. The Labor Department said wholesale -prices increased seven-tenths of one per cent seasonally adjusted and five-tenths of one per cent unadjusted. The increase was still high by normal standards but considerably below increases recorded since November. April's rise compared with adjusted increases of 1.3 per cent in March, 1.2 per cent in February and 3.1 per cent in January. Despite the slowdown in Effects of Weather, Air, News DETROIT (AP) —Weather conditions, air pollution and news headlines all play a role in mental health but each has a different effect, a University of Pennsylvania research team reports. The researchers said their findings were based on a study comparing such variables with fluctuations in numbers of persons seeking psychiatric help for different kinds of emotional crises. The least linkage was between psychiatric emergencies and news headlines, Dr. John H. Valentine of Philadelphia told the American Psychiatric Association on Thursday. However, headlines conveying bad or unfavorable news "may be implicated in the worsening of neurotic and family conflicts and a tendency to act out the conflict" in either self- destructive ways or behavior damaging to others. Valentine said. "Favorable headlines may encourage bravado" and thus indirectly lead to fatal accidents, he said. The study was conducted by a team in the department of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Valentine said the group was seeking reasons for the marked variability noted in the types and frequencies of farm and food prices, there was no hint that the inflationary surge was abating. Industrial prices, regarded as one of the surest barometers of inflation, jumped an adjusted 2.3 per cent in April. In March industrial prices climbed 2.9 percent. Farm products, processed foods and feeds declined for the second consecutive month, dropping an adjusted 3 per cent and an unadjusted 3.7 per cent. The Agriculture Department predicted Wednesday that food prices would begin to level off during the second half of the year and possibly even decline in the final quarter. Wholesale prices rose 18.8 per cent in the past 12 months. Changes in wholesale prices usually are reflected later at the retail level. April's increase lifted the government's wholesale price index to 155.3. That means it cost $155.30 to buy the same volume of wholesale goods that $100 purchased in 1967. The big rise in industrial prices reflected in part the dropping of price controls from various industries. Metal products accounted for almost one-third of the total increase. Iron and steel scrap rose 14.7 per cent and steel mill products increased 2.7 per cent. Price increases by industries freed from price controls appeared to be cracking the Cost of Living Council's heralded anti-inflation commitments for big business unless Congress votes to hold them together. Ford Motor Co. announced price increases Wednesday averaging $163 for its 1974 autos, and the council said General Motors planned to follow suit. Wholesale prices for April reflected other increases in a wide variety of materials. Machinery and equipment rose 1.4 per cent. Lumber products jumped 4.7 per cent and furniture products 1.3 per cent. Most fuels also jumped in price with the exception of refined petroleum products which declined 1.6 per cent. Coal prices rose 17.1 per cent; coke 16.4 per cent and electric power 3 per cent. Decreases for grains, livestock, oil seed, live poultry, raw cotton, eggs and milk dropped the index for farm products 5.5 per cent. However, fresh and dried fruits and vegetables went up in price. The government said the decline in refined petroleum products would not accurately Readv a Vast Study •/ ' •/ of Global Weather 'Mother' — Named as "World Mother of t he 1)ecade " was outgoing Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir who will accept the award later this month at a Washington. 1). C. luncheon. "psychiatric emergencies" bringing people into contact with psychiatrists, or sometimes leading to homicide. The study covered 879 persons during the summer of 1973 in Philadelphia, he said. Among weather effects, the researchers found high barometric pressure was associated with more people seeking help for depressions, while days of low pressure brought on more cases of intoxication. Days with more sunshine witnessed fewer homicides, Valentine said. WASHINGTON (AP) - A scientific armada is being readied to study one of the weakest links in science's understanding of how global weather and climate is produced. More than 4,000 scientists and other personnel of 66 nations will undertake the study of the vast sun-drenched land, sea and atmospheric areas of the world's tropics this summer. The $53 million venture is led by the United States and the Soviet Union. They will man or get data by radio from a task force of 38 ships. 13 aircraft, six kinds of space satellites and nearly 1,000 land-based weather observation stations deployed throughout or above a 20 million square mile land and sea area constituting one-third of the earth's tropics. Their objectives are to: —Help find means of forecasting the weather at any spot on earth a week or more in advance—compared with only a few days at best right now. —Seek information to improve hurricane and typhoon forecasting. —Explore theoretical possibilities for large-scale modification of the weather. The venture also is expected to help explain the great drought still prevalent in parts of Africa and to help determine whether, and to what extent, man's pollution of the atmosphere affects global climate. The project, outlined at a news conference Wednesday called by American government and private weather scientists, is called GATE. That's short for "Global Atmospheric Research Program-Atlantic Tropical Experiment." Dr. Robert M. White. admin ist rator of the government's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). told newsmen GATE shapes up as "perhaps the largest and most complex international scientific experiment ever undertaken." NOAA is coordinating and directing U.S. participation. White and other scientists said the task force will study the tropics because the tropics receive half the solar energy striking the whole planet. The atmosphere of this area therefore, drives the general circulation of the global atmosphere, but, the scientists said, tropical weather-making processes still are inadequately understood. Relieved — Acting on complaints from military veterans, the White House has reportedly relieved VA administrator Donald Johnson of West Branch. Iowa of most of his duties and may soon fire him. According . to reports. White House Chief of Staff Alexander Haig is present 1 y supervising a d ministration of most VA hospitals until Johnson leaves his post. Ford: Nation Faces a Conficence Crisis Consider Resigning: Rhodes WASHINGTON (AP) House Republican Leader John Rhodes said today that President Nixon "ought to consider resignation as a possible option" if it becomes apparent that erosion of public confidence prevents him from effectively discharging his duties. "I do not feel that we have yet reached that point," Rhodes said. Rhodes made the comment in a prepared statement issued after a breakfast with a group of newsmen at which he first spelled out his views. A participant in a breakfast session Rhodes held with a small group of newsmen quoted him as saying a reassessment of Nixon's position should be dictated by the impact of public release of some of his edited Watergate transcripts. Rhodes said the transcripts are "devastating" and have drawn a heavily unfavorable public response. Rhodes was quoted as saying he thinks Nixon can remain in office but declared when asked about a possible resignation: "I don't know but in view of the developments of the last few days there has got to be some soul searching going on. When responsible people read the transcripts and change their position, the President ought to take that under consideration." Asked if key congressional Republicans might go to Nixon privately and recommend that he resign, Rhodes was quoted as responding, "I know of no definite plan at this time." CHARLESTON, 111. (AP) — Vice President Gerald R. Ford said today Watergate has caused "an erosion of confidence in our federal government which I believe has reached crisis proportions." In a speech prepared for delivery at Eastern Illinois University, Ford said "it is time to put more truth in politics." "The time has come for persons in political life to face the truth and speak the truth," he said. Ford said many of Watergate allegations remain "untested and unproved." "But what has taken place up to now has created a diminished confidence in our public officials, basic distrust of their motives," he said. "And while it may be easy to delete characterization from the printed page, we cannot delete characterizations from peoples' minds with a wave of the hand," he said. Ford apparently was alluding to references in the Watergate transcripts released by the White House last week to parts of the conversations that were edited out and replaced by the notation (characterization deleted)." There were numerous other references to passages being ''inaudible'' or "unintelligible." Ford said the lack of faith in the government caused by Watergate "is so vital that it must be discussed in public — by public officials. And it must be discussed thoroughly." He said the erosion in public confidence and the need to restore that confidence "is why I am speaking frankly on the subject, perhaps more so than some of my colleagues might wish." Ford said "the legal, judicial and constitutional processes already in operation will settle the guilt or innocence of those involved in the charges of corruption, dishonesty or violations of law." Area Forecast Variable cloudiness with chance of occasional periods of showers or thundershowers Thursday night and Friday. Lows Thursday night around 50. Highs Friday 70 to 75. Rainfall chances 30 per cent Thursday night, 40 per cent Friday. reflect price changes in the marketplace. Because of this, the Labor Department said, beginning next month pricing data will be collected directly from petroleum companies rather than from spot quotations published in the trade journal which represents a decreasing portion of the transactions in domestic markets. i Over the past three months, wholesale prices have increased on an adjusted annual rate of 13.5 per cent. Over the past year, industrial commodity prices have risen 20.7 per cent while farm and food prices advanced 14.7 per cent. Weather Warning System GLIDDEN—A new severe weather warning system will be tested here Thursday and Friday evenings, Chuck Nepple, police chief, said Thursday. The new alert system is a high-low civil defense siren mounted on Nepple's patrol car. Starting at 7 p.m. both days Nepple will drive through the town with the siren turned on to familiarize residents with its sound. Nepple said that when severe weather is forecast for. Glidden, he will drive around the town with the siren on to warn residents to be prepared to take shelter. During Thursday's test run Nepple will also be talking through his car's loudspeaker system explaining the warning system. Friday's run is to determine the amount of time it takes to cover the town in the event of a severe weather forecast. Nepple said the new mobile siren will replace the town's fire siren for weather warnings. He said the fire siren was not adequate to alert all'residents. Behind Schedule 011 New Pav Law # WASHINGTON (AP) — A new minimum wage law took effect May 1, but it may be a few weeks before more monev starts showing up in the pay of the 4.2 million workers who would be affected immediately. Labor Department officials said the delay is because they are behind schedule in sending out the papers explaining the changes to employers. Gray Driver Spills Catsup Leslie Wagner, 27, of Gray, Iowa, was hospitalized at Geneseo, 111., Thursday after his semitrailer truck loaded with catsup collided with another truck on Interstate 80 near Geneseo, with the results about what you'd suspect. White Count authorities began cleaning up what they described as a massive spill of catsup on the median of the four-lane highway. The driver of the other truck, Harry Phillips, 51, of Findlay, Ohio, was unhurt, the authorities said. Observes, Works — Janet Grundmeier of Carroll carefully watches a young pupil at St. Paul's Lutheran School in Waverly. Miss Grundmeier is enrolled in a May term course at Wartburg College. "Freedom In Learning." in which class members observe and work directly with children in schools practicing the Piagetian theory of learning. Piaget advocated individual exploration in early childhood education. Miss Grundmeier is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Orren Grundmeier of Carroll. Time Problem on Bills Faced bv Rav (Iowa Daily Press Association) DES MOINES—Iowa's Constitution allows the governor 30 days to act on bills after the Legislature adjourns; the question is, when does the 30 days begin. The 1974 General Assembly adjourned "sine die" on May 4, but the official ceremony to close the session is n'ot scheduled to take place until lla.m. on May 21. So, does Governor Robert Ray have 30 days after May 4, or May 21, to sign into law some 128 bills passed in the closing days of the session. The Iowa Constitution reads: "Any bill submitted to the governor for his approval during the last three days of a session of the General Assembly, shall be deposited by him in the office of the secretary of state, within 30 days after the adjournment..." The question has been raised in the past but is particularly important this session because Governor Ray plans to leave this Sunday for a trip to Red China, and does not plan to return to Iowa until May 26. Elmer (Dutch) Vermeer, one of the governor's aides, said Ray "will make every effort to get the bills signed by June 3rd," which is 30 days after the May 4 sine die adjournment. Vermeer allows that this will be a "very short time" to get the bills signed because some of them may not be delivered to the governor's office until the 21st. It takes a while to get the bills enrolled, particularly some of the lengthy bills that were heavily amended. The journals of the two houses will show that all of the remaining bills were sent to the governor on May 4, even though in actuality it may be May 21 before some of them are delivered. This is part of the legislative tradition, reverting back to the days of the stopping .of the clock. Vermeer, however, raises the question of what would happen if a governor had a hostile Legislature which did not meet to wind up the session until 30 days or more after it had adjourned sine die. Although highly improbable, it is possible and could lead to a legal nightmare. The Iowa Supreme Court, in an 1885 decision, held that bills not approved by the governor within 30 days after adjournment do not become law; in essence, a pocket veto. The 1974 Legislature passed 283 bills; 146 of them originated in the House and 137 in the Senate. To date Governor Ray has signed 155 bills and vetoed two, one dealing with 65-foot twin trailers, another on furloughs to inmates. SALARY PACT ANKENY, Iowa (AP)—The Ankeny Education Association has approved a salary agreement for the 1974-75 school year that would increase salaries an average of 13.9 per cent. House Panel Gets First Look at Briefcase Evidence •BBP& I Cover Blight — Outside art gallery delights Chicagoans passing this intersection where a commune of artists have moved in. The artists have decorated several neighborhood buildings with colorful and impressionistic murals improving an otherwise blighted section of the Windy City. WASHINGTON (AP)-The House Judiciary Committee is getting its first look at the celebrated briefcase full of grand jury evidence relating to President Nixon's role in the Watergate cover-up. The material, forwarded to the committee for its impeachment inquiry by Judge John J. Sirica of U.S. District Court, has been examined by the chairman, ranking Republican member and chief staff lawyers, but has not been available to committee members until today. Now, after months of being kept in the dark about it and other evidence gathered by the impeachment staff, the committee will start considering the case for and against Nixon's impeachment. The opening of the crucial phase of the inquiry will be marked by a round of speeches in public session, after which the committee will go into executive session to consider evidence bearing on the Watergate break-in and cover-up. Chairman Peter W. Rodino Jr., D-N.J., said Wednesday the closed sessions probably would continue through next week, after which a decision will be made on opening them. Another decision facing the committee is what to do about Nixon's refusal to give it any more Watergate material. The committee has subpoenaed tapes of 42 presidential conversations dealing with Watergate and has a request pending for 76 more. At a Democratic caucus Wednesday there was unanimous support for issuing a new subpoena, but divided opinion on when it should be issued and what it should cover. The most likely course to be. followed was suggested by the senior Republican, Rep. Edward Hutchinson of Michigan, at a news conference with Rodino. Hutchinson said that when gaps appear in the presentation of evidence and Chief Counsel John Doar says they could be filled by material sought from the White House, the committee could decide then whether to request it again. Hutchinson said that rather than issue a subpoena, he would prefer to negotiate the matter with Nixon's lawyer, James D. St. Clair, who will be in the committee room during the presentation. But the Democrats and Doar appear to prefer a subpoena. Doar said at the news conference the issuance of a subpoena is the orderly, lawful way to proceed. "It isn't a question of whether we will issue a subpoena, but when," said Rep. Charles Rangel, D-N.Y. Rodino said the opening phase of the presentation of evidence will be limited to Watergate, one of six areas of presidential conduct the committee is investigating. Rodino said it probably will be the end of June before the committee is ready to vote on whether grounds exist for impeachment. House Majority Leader Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill said a full House vote on impeachment will take place about Aug. 1.