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The tragedy of Man: He starts off with i Country - and winds up with a Government! Our Daily Bread SkwJ Thin fay Tht Edit* Awl. H. Wiinbvrn Printed by Offset city Sobserltifst tf yet ill to fttiffi roiff Stif pI«itfcliB» fWMtif WtfMlf M* ft**** -S*(ufd«y fttfert Of Bf and i VOL 69-No. tU StarofHop*, 18W, Press 1927 CoWdltdatsd January 18, WPt, A HAWS, MONDAY, FtliHJAKY 26,1968 Mtmbtri AasocUled Press A Audit Burwu o/Circulation* Av, Net Circulation 6 mos. ending Stpt. 30, t§§1 -3.2TI Witt IOC Senate Near '«••»••«»••« «••»•» '«" ••* iflformation 0 of so End Mirk ur editorial of Jan. 2S "30- Bosh I ", denouncing use of the numeral as an end mark fof newspaper copy, certainly Is making the rounds, Southern Newspaper Publishers Asso* Another Civil Rights Vote Scale Debate on Any nn u/- r tn Further War EMalatlonjy..J"^ 10 Westmoreland Declare. R er J More American Troops Needed In Vietnam By JOHN CHADW1CK Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate headed for another vote elation, Chattanooga, Tenn., dis* on ending its slx*week debate on trlbUted it to Southern dallies In c j V ij rights legislation as Repub- its editorial reprint bulletin— it can opponents hinted at a pos- and two papers came up with re WASHINGTON (AP) - Seft. J. W, Fulbrlght urges a full- scale congressional debate on any further U.S. esealatloa In Vietnam, saying dispatch of more American troops to the war would be "a disastrous course, The boats. Arkansas buttals, On Feb. 14 we published the dissent by Sylvan Meyer, editor of the Gainesville (Ga.) Dally Times, which had been tor-warded to us by Walter C. Johnson, Jr., SNPA secretary- manager. This morning two former local men forwarded me copies of an editorial dissent in the Waco CTexas) Times-Herald. One man was Luther C, Martin, 1343 N. 66th St., Waco, Texas 7 6710, formerly of Washington and Hope, who used to be a Star employe; and the other was George Hutson, Hope native who now is manager of Southwestern Bell Telephone Co. at Waco. Mr. Hutson appended a note to his tear-sheet: "i didn't know ole Harry Provence, editor-in- chief of Waco Times-Herald, ever read your paper." He doesn't. But his newspaper is a member of SNPA and of course got the reprint of our piece of Jan. 25. Here is Waco's reply- and we won't answer it until tomorrow—a customary bit of editorial fair play: WACO (TEXAS) TIMES-HERALD **::•;•> (Editorial) WHEN WE SAY 30, WE CALL UP A ROMANTIC HERITAGE Somebody on the Hope, Ark., Star needs a vacation or a new brand of whatever he's been taking for whatever ails htm.. In a display of 'editorial 'pettish-,; ness, the Star came out the other day against the old tradition of marking the end of a newspaper item with the symbol "30." What balderdash; The "30" signal, meaning this is all she wrote, came out of the days when newspapers depended on Morse code telegraphy for their wired news reports. First, by means of the railroad telegraph, then In newspaper offices, the clicking key of the Morse wire was transcribed either by flowing pencil or pecked typewriter. The Morse operators had their own way of enriching the code, and one of them was the quick combination of dots and dashes that signified "30," meaning "that is all." Newspaper reporters, especially those who saw or handled copy from the Morse operator, adopted the symbol and for many years "30" at the end of an item or an article has meant to copy editors, printers and all _else who saw it, "that is all." : Now what's wrong with that? The Hope Star thinks it is •archaic and meaningless because long since the Morse wires gave way to the teletype machine and the "30" no longer appeared at the end of news stories sent to the newspapers by wire. Instead, said the Star, you mark "the end of an Item by simply hitting the —key, Do you, Indeed? Let the newcomers—— or *0» or do whatever else they will but don't try to tell anybody that "30" is no longer to be used. There's little enough flavor of (he old days In newspaper of» fiQes at best, what with corn* puters and perforated tape and good lighting and air conditioning and janitor service and Ice water on tap. When an editor tells a printer, "That's 30 on the eopy," or when a reporter types "30" at the end of a story or in item, it's a ritual quickly understood and a Jink to the Ink* stained predecessors who pro* cJused newspapers the hard way, : We remember hearing the ora. Jioq In which somebody was cas» Ifgajted, for suggesting that we Shjinge the name of Arkaijsaw to Arkansas, It expresses our sen, Ument on the suggestion from Hope, Ark,, teat we abandon a neat little symbol of our heritage. 30 Gry for Help PUARTE, Calif, (AP) For three <Jays Paul Guiteras lay with a broken leg in an isolated canyon before two Los Angeles gonnty firemen heard him cry for beip t slble compromise. The fate of the civil rights protection bill and Its proposed open-housing amendment, both strongly urged by President Johnson, could hinge on the outcome of today's bid to Invoke cloture, or cut off debate. Senate Republican Leader Everett M. Dlrksen, who Joined with Southern Democrats last week tn successfully blocking cloture, talked of getting a compromise measure he could endorse If the second debate-ending move failed, The same line was taken by Sen. Jack Miller, R-Iowa. He noted cloture was obtained on the landmark 1964 civil rights measure only after a compromise agreement was worked out, But political cynics among the bill's supporters appeared likely to view Dlrksen's compromise talk as a means of keeping together the conservative Republican-Southern coalition that opposed cloture In the first place. Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield has said that barring unforeseen circumstances, he would move to lay the bill aside-all but killing Its chances of passage this session — If the Senate refused a second time cut off debate. The first vote last Tuesday on ending debate was 55-37, or 7 short of the required two thirds majority. Wo senator nas announced a switch In his position since then. ' - Bipartisan, sponsors of the ^open«houslng "amendment*.; hope to pick up Votes, .however by announcing they will propose rriod- ificatlons limiting Its coverage. The bill would make it a federal crime to Interfere with Negroes In the exercise of specific rights such as attending public schools and voting. It is intended to protect not only Negroes but civil rights workers from violence or threats of violence. The open-housing amendment would, within three years, prohibit racial discrimination In the sale or rental of about 97 per cent of the nation's housing. Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and a long-time arch critic 6f U.S. policy In Vietnam, said Sunday he feels the country deserves a "re-examination of the purposes, the objectives" of that policy. The president of South Vietnam nnd a top U.S. diplomat spurned meanwhile U.N. Secretary-General U Thant's call Saturday for an end to American bombing of North Vietnam. In saying the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong would take military advantage of any bombing halt, President Nguyen Van Thleu predicted the enemy would grow weaker and weaker this year, and added: "I believe this Is the last year for the VC," the Communist guerrillas in South Vietnam, Undersecretary of State-William P. Bundy said North Vietnam must Indicate clearly In advance that It would not take military advantage of a bomb- Ing halt. "We Just can't take this one on faith—pure and simple," said Bundy. Fulbrlght was Interviewed on the ABC radio-television program, "Issues and Answers;" Thieu on CBS's "Face the Na- tlon," and Bundy on NBC's "Meet the Press." .,. Fulbrlght once more said the ad ministration hasn' t proved two U.S. destroyers were attacked In the August 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Incident — the ...repoded aaval (.engagement that ^led to,the first;U.S. bombing of North Vietnam, C v ' And even If the ships were attacked, said the Arkansan, the U.S. military retaliation was far too harsh. ; "Can you Imagine bow they (the North Vietnamese) look at It, having done nothing to us and then suddenly to have 64 missions with enormous tonnage dropped on you?" he asked. Fulbrlght referred to 64 U.S. bombing sorties against North Vietnam launched shortly after the destroyers Maddox and Turner Joy reported being attacked by North Vietnamese torpedo Three days After the Incident Fulb right-a cling as floor manager--steered through the Sen* ate the so-called Tonkin Gulf resolution authorizing the ?r&f* dent to use "all necessary meastifes" to r<*|»t -: further Democrat, aggression. Price off Prosperity Is Ulcers, 4,000 New Victims Each Day By HAL BOYLE One of the prices of our wor- ? re known to survive> n « y are ried prosperity is ulcers. Some Jn "I"?. 6 " 1 " 6 ' ^ ,. _ . arSSaS?^"S'fJrE victims each day/From 7 to 12 ^ nslv ^f l \ n *° |32-.js *»' ' ••'**• from 8 to 10 bottles of wine per cent of our people get an ulcer sometime during their lives. Few creatures work as hard at creating posterity as the female codfish. She lays up to nine million eggs In a season, and U all her offspring survived, in no time at all you'd be up to your chin in codfish every tlrao you took a dip ii) the ocean, Our nation is getting older, but our people are getting younger. The average age of Americans five years ago was 29, Today it is 28, And the typical U.S. family breadwinner is male, works at a white collar job, earns better than $7,5<)0 a year, owns a tbree*year-okj car, is buying a home in a city or suburb, has been married five years, is the father of two children and expects to have a third one before bis JOth weddiflf anniversary. You can win money by betting the guy at the desk next to you that he can't tell you what the American Chocolate was. It was one of the more than2,000 varieties of motor cars that haye been manufactured in this country. The American Chocolate was turned out jfl 1903. Quotable notables: "What, $ir, .would the people of the earth be without woman? They would be scarce, sir, almighty scarce."-=-Mark Twain. Heavy money: The largest metal coin ever made was Sweden's 24-inch long, 44-p:>uncl cop- have to be distilled to create one bottle of this superbrandy. Literary training; Robert Kyle, author of the new eyebrow-raising novel, "Venus Examined," worked his way through Harvard by playing bridge for money. He also has written two dozen mysteries, Including the Ben Gates series. Feminine appetites; Many a husband has noted to his pocket* book's Borrow that bis wife eats more after marriage than when he was courting her. It's the other way with Jady elephants. In captivity a jady elephant eats only about 100 pounds of food daily, but if she's wild and free in the woods she'll gobble 800 pounds of grass, shrubbery and tree leaves and bark. Quickies; To double the life of cut flowers, add a lump of sugar to the water In the vase, In the Middle Ages people thought they could prevent the spread of contagious diseases by rubbing their hands with garlic. Oil com- panics started distributing free road maps in 1914, and now they give away ?00 million a year. Tarantulas are nearsighted •*• but of course they don't have to see very well to bite you. It was Josh Billings who observed, "The happiest time in any man's life }s when be is in red-hot pursuit of a dollar with a reasonable prospect of overtaking it." "ftilbrlght said Sunday If ha had known then what he does now he would not have support* ed the resolution, which woo overwhelming Senate adoption. His proposal for a full-scale Senate discussion of Vietnam policy came when he was asked about reports Gen. William C. Westmoreland, U.S. commander In Vietnam, has requested mm'e troops. Fulbrlght said further escalation could bring Red China Into the war, "I think this Is a disaster to the country and there Is nothing we could possibly achieve commensurate with the cost," he said. Maxwell D. Taylor, formor U.S. ambassador to Saigon and onetime- chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said Sunday the Communist strategy of attacking South Vietnam's cities Is doomed to failure and actually has created fresh hope for peace negotiations, Taylor spoke at Miami University In Oxford, Ohio. Futbrtght's Stand Rapped by McMofft UTTLE ROCK (AP) - Former Gov. Sid McMath of Little Rock says that the voice of Sen, J. William Fulbright, D-Ark., is one of those ; that weaken the United States' will, to resist. .McMath said In a memorand- uth**lb about r '12' of his close 1 frieWs that the nation "ls ! "in exceedingly great" danger from communism. • "Voices of well-meaning citizens In this country compound our problem," McMath said In the memo. "They give us an unwitting assist to the Communists' triumphant march toward world revolution and Communist domination. "One of these voices is Sen. J. William Fulbrlght," McMath said. McMath is considered a potential opponent for Fulbright this year. "Sen. Fulbrlght apparently believes that the Communist threat to this country is a 'myth' and 'not a reality,' " McMath continues, "If we follow the path which Sen, Fulbright represents, we will surelyfall," Missionary Surgeon to Lecture Dr. Paul Brand, missionary surgeon, will lecture in Texar SAtCOH, (AP) - Gen, Wll» Ham C. Westmoreland's headquarters announced today a broad new policy to withhold Information from the press on some military matters which until now have been made public. An announcement of a clampdown on release of news was distributed to correspondents at the daily military briefing and provoked a series of protests and questions from newsmen. A U.S. spokesman said Brig. Gen. Wlnant Sidle, chief of information of the U.S. Military Command, would appear before the correspondents to answer questions on the new directive soon, probably Tuesday. The Command said the aim of the directive, signed by Sidle, Is "to withhold Information which will be of Intelligence value to the enemy," It covered Information on attacks on allied bases, the number of enemy rounds which hit bases, the number of U.S. and other allied casualties and other matters. The new policy is In line with the views of Westmoreland, U.S. commander In Vietnam who is known to feol that too much security Information of value to the Communist side was being released. The policy was outlined In a "memorandum to the press" from Sidle which was headed "denial of intelligence information to the enemy". It read: "As you know, we have al* ways reserved the prerogative 'of withholding information which would give aid and comfort to the enemy. , "In the future, In matters concerning fixed Installations (e.g. *J(he Sanh,combat bafl| >yi ,Tan,Spn . Nhut air base, 1st infantry Division, base camp, Blnh/Tuy airfield), we will, depending on the tactical situation at the time, withhold the announcement of personnel casualties due to enemy action. "The rationale behind this policy Is to deny the enemy Information of intelligence value on which he can base subsequent attacks. "Announcing the number of rounds which Impacted In a particular area Is in Itself a measure of accuracy of the enemy's fire. The announcement of times, specific locations and unit designations helps the enemy to adjust his fire to particular targets. The announcement of material damage (e.g. damage to supplies, equipment, vehicles, artillery pieces or aircraft) Is furnishing the enemy a report of the effectiveness of his fire and tells him of the reduction in the combat capability of the particular target against which his attack was directed, "Personnel casually reports give the enemy a measure of the number of personnel available to fight him. By ROBERTTUCKMAN Associated Press Writer SAIGON (AP) - Gen. William C, Westmoreland says more American troops probably will be needed In Vietnam. "With additional troops," he says, "we could more effectively deny the enomy his objective, capitalize his recent defeats to a greater degree In both limp and place, and clearly demon' strate to Hanoi our firm determination to prevent him from laklng over any part of South Vietnam." Westmoreland gave no estimate of how many more U.S. troops nitghl be needed above the 525,000 already authorized. Some military sources estimated this may be asmnnyns 100,000, There are 500,000 U.S. troops here now, plus 35,000 men in 7th Fleet ships offshore and another 35,000 In Thailand at air bases from which bombing strikes are launched against North Vietnam. Westmoreland, the U.S. commander In Vietnam, conferred over the weekend on the troop situation with Gen. Earlc G. Wheeler, chairman of (he U.S, Joint Chiefs of Staff, who was in Saigon. Wheeler left Saigon late Sunday to return to Washington. Dispatches from Washington said a decision on whether to call up thousands of reservists is hanging fire until he gets back to the capital. Westmoreland's views on the Vietnam situation were expressed Sunday In written answers to questions submitted by The Associated Press In which he expanded on comments voiced in a two-hour informal interview. He said he did not believe Hanoi could stand a long war and hl'tlJfeSsd the reeoht Communist luna'r" new year— Tet— offensive to tho Battle of the Bulge of World War II, In late 1014. That battle was the last major offensive by the Germans before their defeat in 1945. Westmoreland said he underestimated the Communist Infiltration tactics in their Tet offensive but said they nevertheless "suffered a military defeat," In his wide ranging replies, the 54-year-old comm.inder also suM: — He had no reason to believe the North Vietnamese have changed their plan to attack Khe Sanh. — The North Vietnamese had ignored the neutrality of Laos and Cambodia and used these countries to send men and munitions into South Vietnam. — He was con/Went the U.S, "body count" of Communist troops killed In the war Is accurate and even conservative. —The Communist offensive Platoon a^fcvv.., „»* «wtu»» •>. . v«-.- "For these reasons, we will, if kana at Williams Memorial Meth- the tactical situation dictates, odist Church, 220 Reading Avenue, at 7;30 p.m. Saturday, March 2 and 3 p.m. Sunday, March 3 under the sponsorship of the Religious Emphasis Committee of the Four States Area. Dr. Brand is presently employed by the y, S, Public Health Service In Carville, La,, and he is chairman of the World Committee on Leprosy Rehab» Ultation, Dr, Robert ChappeU of Texarkana, who worked with Dr, Brand at a hospital in Vellore, India, helped to secure him for this appearance, Besides the meeting open to the public, there will be a Duf? fet supper and talk open only to the medical professions at the Coffee Cup In Texarkana at 6?30 p.m, Sunday, March 3, Mon f ordyct FORDYCE, Ark. (AP}- Curtis Morgan, 36, of Fordyce drowned Saturday while his family was fishing in a pond about two miles southeast of here. Authorities said Morgan dived into the witer after his 11 -year- old son fell from the boat. While getting his son back in the boat, the boat overturned. Morgan helped bis wife and son on the boat, then he sank from sight. withhold information which will be of Intelligence value to the enemy," Hawthorne Seeking He-election The Star has been authorized to announce the candidacy o( Harry Hawthorne tor reflection as county treasurer, Mr, Hawthorne issued the following statement; "To the citizens of Hempstead County: "t take this means of announcing my candidacy for reflection as Treasurer of He mpsteadCoun* ty. "It has been a priviledge and a pleasure to have served you in this capacity, and I assure you that if I am elected again as your County Treasurer, I will continue to devote my time and efforts in performing the duties of this of? lice in a proper and efficient manner, "I am deeply grateful to the citizens of Hempstead County tor the splendid support you have given me In the past, and I will appreciate your vote and support la toe corning Democratic Prl* mary Election,." Sincerely, HARRY HAWTHORNE put the allies temporarily on the defensive but th<» Communists have "run into ,t buz* saw," — He saw no need to ehan|* allied strategy but the ttrmi had com« for debate to end and "got on with the Job." — The Communist offensive seems to be a "go-for-broke effort" and any follow-up attack would not have ih« element of surprise. -The bombing of North Vlel« nam has not stopped the flow of man, material and supplies to the South but U certainly has reduced (ho level of tho flow, — One reason the Communist* launched their big offensive wast that th«y w«r« seriously concerned about a deterioration of morale of the Communist troops. AP News Digest VIETNAM 0^ air observer Gen. William C. Westmore- Marines lying on the ground and, land says more American Communist soldiers swarming troops probably will bo needed through the areft Just before the In Vietnam, The U.S, command- bombs fell. By GEORGE Associated PrensWriter SAIGON (AP) - North namese troops ambushed and* overwhelmed a U.S, Marine pta* toon $}Q yards outside thtf barbed wife of th« Khe Sftnfr combat base tottoy. A s«co«J platoon of about 45 man sent to help also suffered casualties, "• Several Marirte officers said they believe lh« North Vietnamese now are in position and, sot to launch a targe-sealr ground attack on Khe Sanh with up to-10,000 men, AP Correspondent John T, Wheeler reported from thu basa in the northwestern corner of the country that Marine Jet dtv« bombers dropped bombs and napalm on the Communists tn efforts to cover the Marines trying to get back Into the baao. said he or reports on the war situation In an Associated Press Interview, Son. J, W, Fulbrlght asks a full-scale congressional debate of any further U.S. escalation in The Leathernecks inside the, base gave the survivors coven, with tank guns, recotlless rtflo? and machine guns, Marino casualties were not. announced under new security Vietnam, saying dispatch of regulations that wcnl Into effect more Arerlcan troops ^would t(X j ayi 0 ut t ncy obviously wer« be "a disastrous course," U.S. bombers follow up a Hanoi dock raid with their first attack on Haiphong in nearly two months. WASHINGTON While Gov, George Romney campaigns In New Hampshire and ,Wisconsin, political trouble Is developing In his own political backyard In Michigan. President Johnson's proposals for solving big-city ills is more far-reaching than many urban experts had^ hoped, The Senate heads for another vote on ending its six-week de- bat o on civil rights legislation, INTERNATIONAL The grounding of a Japanese ship may keep the ftinarmi Canal closed for several days. More than 60 ships are delayed. Arkansan Is Killed In War PARIS, Ark, (AP)~ Floyd Anderson of Paris said Sunday he had been Informed that his son, Army Staff Sgt, Ray L. Anderson, 25, of Paris, hod been killed In action In Vietnam. Pirn Bluff G«ts $150,000 Grant WASHINGTON (AP) - A $150,000 loan for planning a downtown general neighborhood renewal project at Pine Bluff, Ark., has been approved by the Department of Housing and Urban Development. All Around Town By The Star Staff The Economic Development Administration has approved a grant, of $45,270 to help 12 counties in Southwest district to plan economic growth. , ,the district headquarters is Magnolia and Includes Calhoun, Columbia, Dallas, Hempstead, Howard, Lafay. ette, Little River, Miller, Nevada, Ouachita, Sevier and Union Counties, .total cost of the 12»month program Is $64,128 with the district organization providing $18,858 to complete financing. , ,this information came to the Star over the weekend from Senator J, W. Fulbright and Con. gressman John Paul Hammer* schmidt. This is a final reminder from Chairman Pat McCain that the Red Cross Blood Mobile will be In Hope Tuesday, February 2?,,, for convenience of working peo* pie the unit will be at Standard Generator Plant from 8 to 12 a,m. and at Bruner Ivory Han* del Company from I to 4 p.m., , .anyone may give, .these locations have been planned to make It convenient for j^eo- pie working to get off from work for a few minutes and give blood. Pictured in the current issue of the Arkansas Education Asso? elation Journal are Jgfnes H. Jones, Superintendent ofSchools, and his assistant, Jack Beaty, in one of the flew offices of thfe School Administration building, and a view of the new science building at HHS ... An accompanying article Is entitled, "Added Facilities Improve Program." S.O.s. . , Some Old Styles are neodc'd by members of the Future Ho me makers of America at Hope High for a ski ton the changes In fashion, which they will present in a talent program at the school Friday, March 1 at 7:30 p.m, , ,If you have a dress 15 years old or older which the girls might use, call Mrs, Joe Harmon, PR7.3259, or Cynthia Trout, PR7.6689, , /'Up, Up, and Away'* js the program in which many members of the student tody will take part as a Kick-off for the proposed new Youth Center , . . The climax of the evening will be an appe%r« ance of Sharon Evans, "Miss Arkansas, 11 , . .Tickets are now oo sale at 50 cents and $1. WhitefleJd Masonic Lodge No, 239 will confer an Entered Ap» prentice degree Tuesday, Febrii* ary 27 «7:30p,m, The residents of Hope and vicinity will have aa opportunity to ask a Jehova's Witness re? preseutative questions about their beliefs or the convention to to held la Hope this weekend. .From 6 to 7 p.m. on Tues? day, You may call PR7-5525 iri'J ask your questions heavy. The patrol, sent cut to Intelligence, was hit 800 yards beyond tho outer wire. Senior Marine officers said the youn^ lieutenant leading the platoon; went beyond the distance set for him, A survivor said the,patrol's point man spotted two North Vietnamese soldiers awl the platoon gave chase» The two enemy soldiers lured the Mi- rlnos Into the ambush, and "a wholfl bunch were, killed in the very, beginning/'* the tujEVivor said.'!,.. . .. , s ,:,,;^ . ,_.,. ' . The enemy bombardment of Khe Sanh also continued without letup, anti several hundred rounds dropped Into the besieged area today. Reporting of tho exact number also was barred by the new security regulations. Air activity around Khe Sanh accelerated as the monsoon weather lifted slightly. For the first time In a weak U.S. fighter-bombers wore able to fly strikes close to the base perimeter. The giant B52 bombers also pound**! suspocUxJ enemy gun positions antl troop concentrations within three miles of Khe Sanh. Eight Marines were killed and wounded over the weekend by the efwrny shelling of Khe Sanh and a brief Ureflght Involving a small Marine patrol south of the combat base. An American hell' copter was shot down Sunday, but the crew e.scapwl to safety. Communist gunners also blaslt«t Marlm* strongpolnts along the eastern section of the demilitarized zone with more than 300 rounds of artillery, rockets and mortars Sunday, The bulk of them landed on Con Thl«n, but there was no immediate report of casualties. Over North Vietnam, meanwhile, U.S, bombers followed up their first raid of the war on Hanoi's Red River docks with their closest ruifl to the center of Hai- phong In nearly two months Suwlay. Requests Hike in Automobile Insurance LITTLE RCCK (AP)-4 hearing on a requested 4.1 per cent Increase in automobile insur- rates will begin Tuesday. Little Rock AUy. Steele Hays hear the evidence and make rfccoriimermtions to state Insurance Commissioner Allan Horne. Home took over the post last week when Joto Itorman Harkey stepped down. The rate increases are being sought by the insurance Rating Boaid. The board is a merger of the National Bureau of Casualty Underwriters and the National Automobile Underwriters Association, which sought even higher increases a year ago. The firms weren't granted toe increases a year ago.