Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 2, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Galesburg, Illinois
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Tuesday, July 2, 1963
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Golesbu The Hard Way to Write Law By PETER EDSON Gould WASHINGTON (NBA) A Ne* gro march on Washington sched uled for Aug. 28, to influence pas of civil rights legislation third such capital in American his- sage would be the demonstration tory. The march of "Coxey's Army" of 500 unemployed during the 1893 depression was first. The marchers were led by Jacob S. Coxey, later mayor of Massillon, Ohio. had what Coxey was men considered the silly idea that the government should authorize a $500 million bond issue to finance public works which would give the unemployed jobs. He failed to influence Congress, which rejected his notion as a proposal to print $500 million in paper money to give to the ufl* employed. Coxey himself was arrested. His army dwindled to 300, and finally faded away in despair. JUSf MOW "silly" Coxey's idea was may be indicated by the tact that last year Congress appropriated $400 million for President Kennedy's accelerated public works program to relieve unemployment. This device was also used by the late President Franklin D. Roosevelt to create jobs during the depression of the 1930s. Coxey was simply 40 years ahead of his time. Shortly before Roosevelt's election in 1932 came the second march of the unemployed on Washington. This was the Bonus March of 5,000 unemployed veterans. They demanded that their adjusted compensation insurance certificates 6t 1924 be paid in cash on demand, instead of 20 years after issuance or on the death of the insured, if that Came first. THERE WERE several bitter riots in Washington until federal troops drove the Bonus Marchers across the Potomac to a camp on what is now Pentagon grounds. Congress then passed a bill giving the marchers 75 cents a day and railroad fare home. They were finally cleared out at a cost to the Veterans Administration of $77,000. It was not, until 1936 that Congress settled the veterans' grievance by making the adjusted com- into government bonds, Whieh fully in a Detroit freedom walk could then be cashed on demand. History never repeats itself exactly. Rut both Coxey's Army and the Bonus Marchers loft lessons applicable today. Neithef demonstration • stampeded Congress into granting the petitioners immediate relief. The reforms they sought came later, but ultimately they got what they were after; on June 24, then quietly dispersed without incident, life MARCH is planned as A peaceful demonstration, Negro leaders have declared that it there is to be violence the march should be called off. Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy is using his influence to have the march called off, fearing that it will get out of hand and believing that it WiliNtto no good in influencing Congress for What is being planned now, how- the Negro cause. ever, is not a Washington dem* onstration by a mere 500 or 5,000 bedraggled marchers arriving on foot. Negro leaders arc talking about a pilgrimage of from 100,000 to 150,000, or probably 300,000. It is no idle dream. Over 120,000 Some Negro leaders teem to think, however, (bat If a filibuster against elvll rights legislation develops In the pensalion certificates transferable Negro protestors marched peace Senate, would lock. help this mass protest break (he dead- Acc mm dati n Idea urt By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON — Adam — Congressman Powell Congressman orate on his - J refused to elab Clayton Powell stopped off at Long Beach, Calif., the other day, where he was billed as guest of honor at a testimonial dinner given by 1,500 of his friends. Ninety "friends" statement. He has been "out of the office, fuses to return his • He recalls. His public per cent of stayed home and the end Powell addressed those office does not know where he can be reached. IT IS UNCERTAIN, therefore, exactly who thought up one section of the President's bill that in is said to be unconstitutional. only 150 of the faithful. He called the President's Civil Rights Message "the greatest statement since the Emancipation Proclamation" and then revealed why he thought so: The Harlem minister says he wrote half of it. "I rewrote half of that speech the night before it was delivered to Congress. The President had no intention if including many of the points that he did in his message." The White House had "no comment" when queried about the Powell boast. The Harlem" Some of the lawyers in Robert Kennedy's Justice Department are said to consider that Section t i 11 barring discrimination in all "public places" is at present unconstitutional. They are confident, however, that the present Supreme Court will reverse an old decision which called the proposal unconstitutional. In March, 1875, the Reconstruction Congress passed a bill that banned segregation in public places. United "All persons within the States," read the bill, were entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the accom modations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, conveyances on land or water, theaters and other places of public amusement." THE CONSTITUTIONALITY of the act was challenged and the Supreme Court handed clown its ruling on Oct. 5, 1883. The federal government, said the court, had no power to impose such restriction on the use and enjoyment of private property, even if it was in part dedicated to a public use. The 14th Amendment, the court explained, does not permit Congress to enact a statute securing equal accommodations in inns, restaurants, and places of public amusements. It guarantees only equal protection of the laws. Senator Sam Ervin, a former lead the Southerners in opposition to the administratioi. bill. He disputes the administration's claim that the public accommodation statute can be justified the who argues that passage public accommodations section will mean the death knelt of of the under can interstate state's rights. Says Congress has the Ervitt: "If Under commerce clause. The Senator, widely respected as a constitutional authority, said the other day: "When the Founding Fathers inserted the interstate commerce clause in the original Constitution, they intended to authorize Congress to regulate economic activities carried on in interstate commerce — not uses of property or personal relations within the borders of a state." The Goldwater Draft Sen. Barry Goldwater and Adlai Steven-, to Goldwater's chances, although such nega- son are at opposite ends of the political spec- tive factors understate the Arizona senator's trum, but they have at least one thing in com- political appeal. A Congressional Quarterly mon: a devoted bapd of followers whose loy- poll of delegates to the GOP's 1960 National alty frequently surpasses all understanding. Convention showed Goldwater was the man Stevenson's coterie of zealots upstaged John the delegates personally preferred for the F. Kennedy in a demonstration preordained nomination, though they thought Rockefeller HIS ARGUMENT is accepted by others. outside Dixie. Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen ^ says the Constitution is no so justice of the North Carolina'su- elastic that jt can be twistcd 180 preme Court,. is expected to help degrees. He agrees with Ervin, power the commerce clause to enact the public accommodations section on the theory that such places of public accommodations sell or use commodities which in times past have moved in interstate commerce, then Congress has the power to regulate the conduct of all human beings residing anywhere within the United States." This is obvious, explains Sen. Ervin, because brides and grooms wear clothes which have been moved in interstate commerce; babies use diapers and safety pins which have moved in interstate commerce; and corpses are consigned to the grave in caskets which have moved in interstate commcr Copyright, 1963 Less Select 1 Colleges Produce Better Graduates Republican National Convention a full year married Margaretta Fitter (Happy) Murphy, away, the "Wild About Barry" band is whoop- ~ , L lt , * , ing it up on Thursday, July 4, in Washington, . DdegateS US " a y ^ " ^ 3 " d D. C., at a National Draft Goldwater Inde- tle ' r C ° nm ' n » leSS ™ th pickin § a candidate pendence Day Rally. who can be elected President than one on whose coattails they can ride back into office. By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN IF A COLUMNIST'S mail is any index to a nation's worries, more people are concerned with the quality of American educa- _ tion, as something quite distinct to failure at the 1960 Democratic National was likeliest to receive it. The poll was taken from the quantity, than about any Convention in Los Angeles. Now, with the in early April, a month before Rockefeller other contemporary topic. A column on admissions requirements for college, for instance, will stir up controversial correspondence from all quarters of the landscape. It will even stir the educators themselves to comment. The big fight over admissions requirements at the moment revolves around the question of taking a mechanical or an elec- tronci computer's word for what constitutes ' 'college material.'' Seeking "objectivity," many college admissions departments will pick future students on the basis of a machine correlation of such factors as percentile ratings on aptitude and achievement tests and high school classroom rating. By "quantifying' 1 such things into an over-all rating, an admissions one of his flying visits to the East. He had a special angle to this business of relying on the sort of tests that are now given to college entrance applicants. The tests, he says, prove a student's skill in taking examinations, in following instructions, and in finding solutions to problems set by others. These are "passive" accomplishments. Since practically every parent is set on getting a boy or a girl into one of the "better" colleges, which include the Ivy League institutions of the East, the accom- Goldwater's position on the draft move- (The two goals, of course, usually coincide.) roent is that "it's their time and their money, The delegates now are being made aware that but they are going to have to get along with- if Goldwater is their nominee, the GOP may out any help from me." Yet any lingering well pick up a number of Senate seats in the resistance to a draft could be dispelled if, as Mountain West and South that would other- predicted, 7,500 people jam the National wise go Democratic. Northern Republican Guard Armory in-a.massive display of affec- incumbents could find their seats imperiled tion. Two special trains are said to be com- by a Goldwater candidacy. But with the ex- ing from Florida, and groups will be flying in ception of Rockefeller, these GOP leaders are plished "exam takers" clog the rolls of a few select universities. Students who do not do so well on the tests, which actually put a premium on unoriginal work, are dispersed throughout the nation, going to local denominational colleges and to state universities. Oddly enough, says Dr. Alden, this means that the lesser colleges and Common Dust Sometimes Can Stir Allergies By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Written for Newspaper Enterprise Assn. get the better break. universities actually Referring to the type of student who is particularly good "in following instructions and in finding solutions to the problems set by others." Di\ Alden says that "too many of our brilliant students who are coming out of college today tend to be merely commentators, observers and critics of society. We seem to have an oversupply of detached observers, young people who are adept at cocktail party conversation and can make brilliant analyses of other peoples' behavior. We seem to have a great undersupply of young people who can and will take responsibility—doers.' innovators and (Continued on page 7) have an allergy to the treatment? dust. from California. The Rockefeller remarriage was a boon reputation or following. without a candidate who has any national The Driving Force Q-l What is A—In some persons with a hard- to-define allergy, common house dust may be the culprit. But often it is hard to pinpoint the element in the dust that is responsible. Dust is a combination of human and animal dandruff, molds from dean can dispense with the both- both outdoors and indoors, lint, In a power-rich land such as ours, where Siamese convert rice and sugar waste into heat, light and energy are available at the power. touch of a switch or the turn of a valve, it In our own country many industrial by- seldom occurs to us aU areas of the world are prodl,cts Serve as fl,el t0 achieve Production more efficiently, with less expense. This serves to point up the fact that the In Gambia, Africa, a peanut farmer burns driving forces, the power behind all of man's not so fortunate. ersome business of exercising intuitive judgment of a student's qualities of ambition, drive, persistence, imagination, curiosity, humor, and originality. THE OTHER DAY I caught up with Dr. Vernon Alden, the president of Ohio University (not to be the shells to fuel his electric generator. machines and operations isn't, primarily, fuel clay, and soot. The treatment is similar to that for any other allergy. Avoid contact with dust, especially by inhalation, as much as possible. Your doctor may prescribe epinephrine and antihistamines for relief of symptoms. For long-range confused with Ohio State), during protection, get desensitizing shots. "moon-face 1 '; in back of the shoulders, causing "buffalo hump"; and in the abdomen. The blood pressure is increased, the victim tires easily, there is an excessive growth of hair on the usually non- hairy parts, there may be bleeding under the skin, and the bones become weak through a lack of ability to retain calcium. As a result, they may collapse. With more than half of the vie- galesburg Register Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-5161 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of Mnrph 3. 1879. DaUy except Sunday. SUBSCRIPTION RATES y Carrier in City of Gales bur* 35c a Week. tims, gland the a tumor is the cause. of the adrenal Cotton seed husks fire boilers in the Su- in terms of coa1 ' gas ' water or nuclear encr " dan and Tanganyika. In East Africa waste gy. From p« fit • The ™ Sl * The true drive stems from his ingenuity, from a tea plantation runs a generator. The m ake-do and know-how. Watch Quacks Duck Why are people so vulnerable to quackery community levels to move against the unscrupulous who fatten their purses at the ex- That's what the Second National Congress pense of those pitifully eager to grasp at any on Medical Quackery will seek to determine straw to regain health. Go and say to David, Thus says the Lord, Three things I offer you; choose one of them, that I may do it to you,* * I Chron. 21:10. when it comes to health matters? Newspapers have been in the forefront of those spreading light for their readers on the when it meets in Washington Oct. 25-26, under sponsorship of the Food and Drug Administration and the American Medical Assn. subject of medical quackery, and various gov- for the meetings: to determine what is needed ernmcnt departments and health agencies have long been waging the war against the But for us there are moments, O, how solemn, when destiny trembles in the balance, and the preponderance of either scale is by our own choice.- kins. Mark Hop- Although commercially prepared house dust antigen can be used for this purpose, the best results are usually ol tained by using a preparation made from the sweepings in your home. Q—Tests show that my adrenal glands are overactive. Is this Cushing's disease? Could it cause cancer? A—Cushing's disease shows up in an excess of fat which accumulates in the face, causing What follows naturally is the second goal Other Editorial Op mion in health education to help the public protect itself against charlatans who prey on the ailing. quacks. Whatever the forthcoming meetings pro- In 1961, the First National Congress on duce in the way of weaponry against the Medical Quackery sparked action at state and charlatan is all to the good. Recive for Trouble Take a large bowl of potato salad, a dozen Carry all perishables, CHILLED in advance, ham salad sandwiches, one cream pie and i n refrigerated containers. Mix salad salad dressing. from meat taken from original containers, or odds and ends of munchables found in the ice box. Place in a hamper. Place hamper in trunk of the car. Park car in hot sun at your destination. Let lunch simmer while you play cook meat 011 the s P ot for several hours. That's all—but that's enough to ruin your If staphylococci bacteria are present in any of the foods, you've set the table ingredients on the spot, using previously unopened Make sandwiches on the spot FLOWERS OF FIRE. Now comes the Fourth of July, For a few fleeting hours the black sky is shattered by a wild rain of fire blossoms. Each crackling rocket burst evokes an "Ah-h-h!" of rapture that dies like a sigh of regret. Out of an artful compound of a few common chemicals, paper, and string, glory bursts upon the world. For example, the brilliant rocket flowers begin as a pasty mixture of metallic salts that is dried in a kind of cooky tin, much like peanut brittle. This is cut into small squares of the will burn out before earth. that weekend. for a dandy case of food poisoning. The better bet, say medical authorities: No one wants to spoil the good eating that is so much a part of .summer's fun. But it is necessary to add one vital ingredient to picnic plans: Mix with common seiiae. Now Yon Know By United Press International Among the inventions of Leonardo da Vinci was a forerunner of the armored tank- even which he said was designed to force the largest masses' 1 according to the Britannica. size falling to Different kinds of salts produce different colors. Strontium creates red "stars" the squares are calied. Yellow comes from sodium, green from barium, blue from a combination of copper and calomel. To make the typical burst, the stars are arranged around a small charge of gunpowder and wrapped with paper and twine. A time fuse in the soaring rocket fires the gunpowder which, as it explodes, ignites the stars. The number of packets of powder and stars placed in a rocket determines the number of colored bursts, each of which is ignited as the time fuse burns down its charge of powder. Changes in pituitary gland are usually present, but these are probably a result, and not the cause, of the disease. Since some of the tumors of the adrenal associated with Cushing's disease are malignant, it would be more correct to say that this type of cancer is a cause of the hyperactivity of the adrenals than that the hyperactivity caused the cancer. Surgical removal of the adrenals is the recommended treatment, in any case. This was not possible before adrenal cortical hormones became available but now, with these supplements to replace the essential adrenal secretions, persons with Cushing's disase can be restored to a more normal life. Q— My right hand turns numb when I go to bed every night. What would cause this? A—Numbness can result from injury to a sensory nerve in the hand or to a disease anywhere throughout the sensory pathways. It is impossible to pinpoint ihe cause of your numbness without a thorough examination. Q—What is radiculitis? My doctor has Ethel Custer ScbmJtn Publisher Charles Morrow mm Editor M. H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor Re pre sen ta- Advertlsing Company Incor. National tive: Ward-Griffith porated, New york, Chicago, Detroit. Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. By RFD map to our retail trading zone: X Year $10.00 3 Month* |3.60 S Month* $ 6,00 I Month $1.25 No mail subscription* accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier to retail trading zohcT outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c MEMFER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS y mall outside retail trading zone to riltoois, Iowa and Mtf sour) and by motor route in retail trading zone. I £ ea 1i_ * 13 -°° 3 Months 13.78 6 Months $ 7.00 l Month JliS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication 0 ' all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches By mail outside BlinoU, lowe *nd Missouri I M« ar 4u iK 8 3? 3 Months «5.00 6 Months $ 9,50 1 Month h 00 Crossword Puzzzle Answer to Previous Puzzle ACROSS 1 He stole a pig 4 Little Muffft 8 Mother Hubbard's dog's lack 12 Hail! 13 Martian (comb, form) 14 Afresh 15 My . Sal 16 Pencil game for two (var.) 18 Most 3 Harmonious 4 Ship officials 5 Flag 6 Dog 7 Drunkard 8 Musician's wand 9 Preposition 10 Gaseous element 11 Female sheep (pi.) 17 Absence of limbs (terat) 19 Nictitates 23 Mends sqeks 24 Scorch phlegmatic TJ 20 Celestial bodies ?2 Residence 21 Roman god of 26 Augmented underworld for it. me wear a body brace A—Radiculitis is an inflammation of the root of one of large nerves that the one nerves that branches off from the spinal cord. A body brace should help you to avoid making movements that would irritate this nerve. Treatment depends on the cause. to Pie; send your questions and comments to Dr. Wayne G. Brand- to retreat, Encyclopedia Lest you be tempted to dash to the drug store for assorted chemicals, you should know that the * wer w ^ vld «»> stad<, M.D.. in care of this paper. While Dr. Brandstadt cannot an- (Continued on page 7) letters, he will answer letters of general interest ia future columns. 22 Paradise 24 Head part 26 Asiatic sea 27 British salo* SOCurvated 32 Fissured 34 Entertained 35 Fastened with brads 36 Legal point 37 Corded fabrics 39 Covers 40 Ocean movement 41 Rodent 42 Bowling term 43KiverinTexas 49 Puts up with 51 Lettuce 52 Iroquoiaii Indian 53 Low sand nifl 54 Simian 55 Favorites 56 Smell §7 Brythonie sea god DOWN 1 Labels 27 Pertaining to politics 28 Employed 29 Couches 31 Weirder 33 Italian city 38 Fondled 40 Large planta 41 Stair part 42 Pace 43 Minute skin opening 44 Landed 46 City in Nevada 47 Drink liquors tft excess 48 Beigiaa stream 50 Bustle NEWSPAPER mtmWSB r

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