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•^^m^^mK^msA^^^s^^^KfiKfy't^miv^^'W.'^!^' John Gray's Famous Corner On Bummer Underwear in gauze and •umra«r merino for Ladies, dents »nd Children will be opened this •ornin- and it goes without saying that we have no competition in this pmrt of the state on this line of goods either in regard to Quality, Quantity or Price. State National Bank Lugaiiftport, Indiana. CAPITAL $200,000 4, r. JOHHSON, Pitxs. 8. W. ULLjmt, TICK PHIS H. T. HKITIIKINK, CASUIKH. — IM1JKCTOH8.—' *•.». Johnson S. W. Ullnry. J. T. Elliott W, M. Elliott, W.H.Snkler, Bay and sell Government Bonds. Lotfn money on personal security Mid oollHtornlH. Issue special oer- lifloates of tin posit bearing 3 per cent when left one your; 2 per cent pw .vnnnui when deponited 6 month*. Boie« in Safety Deposit Vaults ol thin bank for the deposit of deed*, UwOrance policies, mortgages and •ther valuables, rented at from $C per year HOYT'S Sure Cure Tor Piles. DAILY JOURNAL Fnbilibed eitu day In the week («e«pt Mondiji by tbe^LoeAiHFOKT JOOHHAL Co, W. 8 WRI6HT A. HABDY C. W. GRAVES 3. B. BOVEB PHZSIDEST T«ne HMKI NT S»CKCT' T. TBKASDBIK THE OTFICUI PAPIB OF THX CITT, Price per Annum Price per Month S6.0O . GO [Entered M second-clan matter at the Logons- port i-ogt Office. Ifebnmrj B, I«j8-l THE FALL OF VENICE Complete Humiliation of the Proud Oligarchy by Bonaparte. The French Conqueror Declared the Inhabitant* a Miserable, Cowardly pto- pic, Uuflt for Liberty — Occupancy bj the French. THURSDAY M AY ALKEADT preparations are being made in several cities of the State 'or Fourth of July celebrationa. Logans, port should not lag behind in this regard. There is abundance of patriotic feeling here as has been proved In former years. Let u* have a good old-fashioned Fourth of July celebration. CONCERNING the suggestion of Hoke Smith for the presidency by a Demo cratlo organ that favors southern presidential timber for 1896 the New York Sun iaye: "The main objection to the Hon. Hoke Smith, for 1896 or 'or 1900, is personal ravher than sectional. He carrlei too much flesh. It will be a long time before the Democracy will bo in a mood to stake its 'ortucee again on any presidential candidate weighing more than three hundred pounds. THE report of the electric light nmmlttee to tke council last ulght Is :lven Infullin the news columns of he Journal and' will be read with nterest by all citizens of Logansport. t Is a full, euffi Jient and self explana- ory report of the work of the commit. ee, the members of which cannot be oo highly praised for their successful fforu In looking after the Interests of he people. More than one-third of the entire cost of this valuable 1m provemont to the city has already been paid. LnncKTV CXNTKB.O., Feb. 15,18H. To whom It mill' concern: I moirt heartily rwommflnU "Hojt'a Snre Cnte far Piles" toiill wbo nonet troni this annoying tfamne, I milTtirtxi with Piles to? years, nnd tried fMlons remwlle*, none of wlilch nHordinl more than temporary rollof. Ationt six months ago I ••ocuredoneinbiior noyt'uS'irp Cure tor flies Md uiuHl It HCcordluc to dlrfctlcns two weeks, at tft« raid ot which time the ulcers Ulsat pemed and fetre not slnso returned. 1 believe the cure 1» •tnplete. D. S. MLRES. For Sale l>y Ben Fisher. Lake Erie & Western, Peru Union Station, •fhrooKli tickets sold to points Milei aim Canada. SOUTH.; Arrlre.: United Dopart. _ _ 7:00»m i'Kpress'S 11:28am ll:-15sin ! Ho;a5ToltxloK)iiirt'!«. S 3:25 pm j Si. WEvenlDK Express,... SJOpra i •*» 1M Local fteltthltt 4.46 p m NOUTH. Arrive.' Depart. , Mo. 90MallAKxprw 3 10:12am 10*1 dm : II*. V Mluhliiaii City D" 4:30 pm 4:4opm MM Detroit KipreiwS 9:66pm . Ha" 1 JO Accommodation;*!.. 7:00 am D. Bally, S. Dull* except Snndaj, •Ho. 33 does not run north ol Peru Sundays. C3 t&iuu Mondnji, wednetdsji Vrldaji and Son- fflinnl Mondsj, Tuesday, ThursdojanU Satur- Voloa depot connection* nt Bloomlngton nnd Marls lot points WMt, southwest sod uortbwwit. Direct connection! made at Lima, Xottorla, Vnmont or Sandnnkj for nil points enit. i immediate connections at flpton with tnjlni « MrMaln Line and I. AM. C. Bit., (or all polnu Krtt. South, rant and Weit. Jtor ticket*, rated and general Information call «eTB08. yOLLKN. Ticket Agent L. X. ft W, B'7 •M.lMla.a. ^W&jgS^fih THE charge BO often made and gen~ erally credited that petty criminals alone arepunisked, and. those who get »w»y with large luma go free, Is die proved by the recent statement of the King's county, New York penitentiary. In that prison alone aorvlnp sentetces are sixty-eight former bank officers, namely, seven former bank president*, twelve caehlers. and forty-nine tellers and trusted clerks. All were couneo ted with national banks, and were, of course, convicted under Dnlted States laws. JUSTIN! LEGGINS . For Lady Cyclers, just what you need, at the BURGMAN CYCLE CO. Call and see them. 421 Market St. UNDER the caption, "Free Trade, Free Gifts." the American Ecocemiet gives the following forcible showing of the Ill-effects of the Gorman tariff: "While U has always been claimed by the friends of Free Trade tost their policy would open the markets of the world to American products and manufactures, they have never shown the extent of the free gift die* tributlon that has to be made In reaching those markets. Let us look at farm products and see how the producers of bacon and lard for Instance, have fared. Our exports of these two oommodltlas for nine months ending March 31, 1894, flhd 1895 comparing as follows: KCTOHTS OF BACON. Nine months to Pounds. Value March SI, 1896 m8,SS5.SM $28.053.338 - — --- -- -i.eio.rax •557,466 Value $28,420.889 29,S19.10tt •1,398 217 WANTED. to ISO per wwk alia* and Old Reliable fitter. Iwy ftunUr .•It*roitT.'norn knlTfS, forks, ipoona,etc. Quick i lR»lated br dlptlnc In melted •» eta). >o eipei "•m or hard work; » good Utmitlon, Addreu •t, BuMmi t C*. Clerk 14, Oolombos, Ohio, March 31,1894 511.733.JSO Increase, 1S>5 !K).65a,fBl ECPOBTS OF LABD. Nine months to Pounds. Marco 81.1S05 368,153 997 March 81,1894 317.147,119 Increase, 1S95 «,OOfi,S«8 •Decrease. It seems ihnt under the Gorman tariff we sold 86,652,534 pounds more American bacon in the markets of the world than we did a year earlier, but we received $557,465 lest money for the larger quantity than was paid us for the smaller quantity that we shipped abroad a year earlier. ID other words, vre have paid out this 1558,465 for the privilege of making free gifts of S6.65S.OUO pounds of American bacon to the consumers in markets of the world. No wonder they are so eagerly waiting to take our products from us. The figures of our exports of lard show that we have sold over 46 000 000 pound* more of American lard under the Gorman tariff period than we did during the corresponding months a year earlier, but we received f 1.898, 217 less money for the larger quantity that we sold than was paid us for the smaller quantity. In other words, It has cost us this 11.398 217 to present free gifts of 46,000.000 pounds of lard to foreign consumers, who are anxiously waiting to use our lard in those markets of th« world that the Gorman tariff had opened." Since the days of Cartbage, no government like that 'oi the Venetian olitrarchy had existed on the earth. At its best it was dark and remorseless; with the disappearance of its vigor ita despotism had become somewhat milder, but even yet no common man., micrht draw the veil from its mysterious, irresponsible councils and live. A few hundred families administered the country as they did their private estates. All intelligence, all liberty, all personal independence, were repressed by such a system. The more enlight- ; encd from the mainland, many evea in tne city, had felt the influences of the time, and had long been uneasy under their government, however smoothly it ; seemed to be running. j Now that the earth was quaking un- j der the march of Bonaparte's troops, | that government was not only helpless, ! but it actually grew contemptible in its panic. There was, indeed, the most . urgent necessity for a change. The • senate had a powerful fleet, three/, thousand native troops, and eleven ; thousand mercenaries; but they struck only a single futile blow on their own ' account, permitting a rash captain to open fire from the gunboats against the ' French v an guard when it appeared, j But immediately, as il in fear of their > own toraerity, they dispatched an em- j bassy to learn the will of the approach- ' ing general. Thathisdealingsroightbe merciful, they tried the plan of Modcna, ' and offered Bonaparte a bribe of seven j million francs; but, as in the case of Mo- ! clena, he refused. Next da.y, the grand f.ouucii having been summoned, it was '• determined by a nearly una.nimous j vote of tho patricians (six hunflred and ; ninety to twenty-one) that they would j remodel their institutions on democratic lines. Not for a moment did Lallemont and VjJletarcl, the two French agents, intermit tKei.T revolutionary agitation in the town. Disorders grew more frequent, aud uncertainty both paralyzed and disintegrated the patrician party. A week later the government virtually abdicated. Two utter strangers appeared iu a theatrical way at- its doors and suggested in writing to the great council that to appease the spirit of the times they should plant the liberty tree on the Place of St. Mark and speedily accede to all the propositions for liberalizing Venice which the popular temper seemed to demand. Such were the terror and disorganization, ol tho aristocracy that instead of punishing the intrusion by death, according to the traditions of their merciless procedure, they took measures to carry out the suggestion. The fleet was dismantled and the army disbanded. < By the end of the month tho revolu-v tion was virtually accomplished; for a, rising of their supporters having been mistaken by the great council, in its pusillanimous terror, for a rebellion of their antagonists, they decreed the abolition of all existing institutions, and, after hastily organizing a provisional government, disbanded. Four thousand French soldiers occupied the town, and an ostensible treaty was made between the new republic of Venice and that of France. This treaty was really nothing but a pronunciamento of Bonaparte. He decreed a general amnesty to all ofr fenders except the commanders of Fort Luco, who had recently fired on the French vessel. He also guaranteed the public debt, and promised to occupy the city only as long as the public order required it. By a series of secret articles Venice was to accept the stipulation of Leoben in regard to territory, -pay an indemnity of six million francs, and furnish three ships of the line and two frigates, .while, in pursuance of the general policy of the French republic, experts were to select twenty pictures from her galleries and five hundred manuscripts from her libraries. Whatever was the understanding of those who signed these crashing- conditions, the city was never again treated by any European power as an independent state. Soon afterwards French expedition was dispatched to occupy her island possessions in the Levant. The arrangements had been carefully prepared during the very time when the provisional government believed itself to be paying the price oi its new liberties. And earlier still—on May 27, three days before the abdication of the.aristocracy—Bonaparte had already offered to Austria the entire republic ia its proposed form as an exchange for tho German lands on the left bank of the EHine. . Writing to the directory on that day, he declared that Venice, which had been in. a decline ever since "the discovery of the Cape Good Hope and the rise of Trieste and Ancona, 'can with difficulty survive the blows we have just given her. This miserable, cowardly people, unfit for liberty, and without land or water—it seems natural to me that we should hand them over to those who have received their mainland from us. We shall take all their ships, we shall despoil their arsenal, we shall remove all their cannon, we shall wreck their bank, we shall keep Corfu .and Ancona for ourselves." On the 26th a letter to his "friends" of the Venetian provisional govern-, ment had assured them that he would do all in his power-to confirm their liberties, and that he earnestly desired that Italy, "now covered with glory, and free from every foreign influence, should again appear on the world's stage, and assert among the great powers that station to which by nature,, position, and destiny.,, it was entitled-* Ordinary sniuds cannot grasp the. gnile and daring Vhich seem to' have prearranged and' foreseen all,. the! condittona • Mcessary to plans .-which for ' double-dealing transcended the conceptions of-jncn even in that age 01 duplicity and selfishness. AMERICA'S GREAT LAKE. JTMtOTM of Lake liap»rlor — It* Depth *ad Parity. Prof. Mark W. Harrington, chief of the weather bureau. In a carefully prepared paper on "Some Physical Features of Lake Superior" before the Geographic society lately, gave an interesting description of the lake, its area, coast line, islands, drainage area, formation, depth, currents, changes of levels, periodic and non-periodic changes, temperature, precipitation, forest fires, storms, -winds, climate, vegetation, soil, fauna and commerce. Lake Superior, the lecturer said, was the largest and deepest, not only of the great lakes, but of all the bodies oi fresh water on the earth. Its total coast line is 1,872 miles, of. which SSO miles are on the American side and 092 miles are on the Canadian side. The total area, including bays and islands, is 32,100 square miles. The islands have an area of 0(50 square miles, and the bays an area of 1,041 square miles, leaving a total area of open lake water surface of 30,405 square miles. The boundary lino over the lake between the Dominion of Canada and the United States is 2S9 miles long. Probably the next largest body of fresh water in the world, the lecturer said, is Victoria Nyanza, or Okerewe, in equatorial Africa, with an estimated area of 25,000 to 30,000 square miles, against Lake Superior's known surface area of 32,100 square miles. Tho combined area of the great lakes oi the St. Lawrence is 05,275 square miles, and a third of this is formed by Lake Superior. The largest island ia Lake Superior is Isle Koyal, or Regal island. The Indians have always considered this island an evil spirit, and even now are loth to visit it. On account of tho large expenditures upon it with no adequate return, the island has also proved somewhat of a "hoodoo*' to the white people. Caribou still remain on this, island, and have become quite tame. The island is described as an isolated and nearly submerged mountain ridge, rising from 1,000 to 1,500 feet from the bottom of the lake. It is the only island of the kind in tho lakes, nnd is only paralleled by isolated and volcanic islands of the great oceans. Tho drainage basin of tho lake is relatively small, and the margin of the watershed is low in all directions, and is generally ill-defined. The St, Louis river, which enters the lake at the extreme westerly angle, is considered the mother stream of the lake, and the source of the St. Lawrence. A similar claim has been made for the Nepegon river, which enters at the extreme northernmost point of the lake. The form of Lake Superior, according to Mr, Harrington, is that of a crescent, with tho convexity directly north, and .-the entrance at St. Mary's river is like that of an oriental temple, in that its center In reached by passing through* it series of headlands projecting into the lake. The mean level of the lake is 002 feet above the sea at ineantide. At St. Mary's the water descends 21 feet to the level of Lakes Michigan and Huron. In the rivers St. Glair and Detroit there ure 8 feet more of descent, taking the water to the. level of Lake Erie. In tho Niagara river occurs a descent of 320 feet, of which 50 feet are above the falls, ICO feet in tho falls and 110 feet below the falls. This brings the water to the level of Lake Ontario, 24? feet, and the remainder of the descent is made in the St. Lawrence river. Although the surface of Lake Superior has aot always stood at its present level, Mr. Harrington said it might be lowered many hundred feet more and the lake would still be larger than her four great sisters, and also be among the largest of. the bodies of fresh water on the earth's surface. He said that.if the water sank to the level of the ocean the lake would still be between one-third and one-half of her present size, with outlines practically the same. Otter Head would still exist and Isle Royal would tower 1,000 feet or more above the water's surface. The deepest point in the lake is about half way between Otter. Head and Keweenah point, and on a line between the eastern end of Isle Royal and Caribou island. The soundings here are scanty, but the basin with depths of more than 150 fathoms, or 900 feet, appears to be an oval area twenty-five miles long by ten miles broad. This is 300 feet below the sea level. The greatest depth hi the lake is 1,008 feet. Thus, after drainage, the lake would not only be large, but deep as welL The water of the lake is remarkable for its extreme purity, very little being added and very little being taken away. There are two distinct systems of currents on the lake, one to the eastward on the south shore, and one to the westward on the north shore, the velocity of the former being much greater. The level of the lake shows a great variety of chaages, resulting- principally from the waves, some of which are tremendous in heijjht and power. They have sometimes been known to throw water into a 100-foot chimney in Duluth. There are numerous periodic changes. The -water is usually lowest in February and big-best in August. The temperature of the water is so low that a human being- exposed to it does not long- survive. Drowned bodies sink to the bottom and are rarely recovered. Speaking of the closed season on the lake, the lecturer said it was a curious fact that navigation opened earlier and closed later on the northwestern shore, and that the longest season of navigation was at Port Arthir, at the extreme north'ol the lake. He said that the humidity of the air was so slight that forest fires: were common in that vicinity hi midsummer. Storms are severe on the lake, but not frequent, snows and. logs being: the chief Highest of «n in Leavening Power.—latett U. S. Gort Report Baking Powder PURE dangers to navigation. Snow falls near the center of the lake every month during the year, even in midsummer. The temperature is low in winter and moderate in summer. As low as 75 degrees below zero has been registered in winter on the north side. The climate ia essentially northern, as is shown by the temperature of the laud and by the vegetation. The soil is scanty, but very rich. Most of the large animals have been driven away, but deer, bear and caribou arc still found on the north shore. Fish are very abundant, and of an unusually fine quality. The commerce of the lake is increasing rapidly, but the number of ships is falling oil, duo altogether to the general use of the larger craft. Passenger traffic through St. Mary's river reached its maximum in 1894, and its falling off since is attributed to the completion of a network of railroads.—Washington Star. FIRE ENGINES. The Machine* Now Cied Are ot Modern Invention. The steam fire engine which is in use to-day to put out flres is a comparatively modern invention. It was not until 1860 that they came into general use, although before that time they had been used to a small extent. In 1803 an account was published in the London Times of a competitive test between English and American steam fire engines, prizes of one thousand two hundred and fifty dollars and five hundred dollars being offered for the first and second best. The result of the competition was very much, in favor of -the English engines, though the American ones were certainly hindered a great deal by their ill luck. The Manhattan collided with a tree, and was badly damaged before it reached the competition grounds, and the other American engine, tho Alexander, broke its cylinder cover at a trial. If such a contest were to be arranged to-day, there is no doubt that the engines of American manufacture would capture the prizes. All fire engines are alike in principle, whether worked by hand or by steam. With the steam engine, there is the advantage of continued action, much greater power and the supply of water to greater heights. The main objects sought are the rapid generation of steam and the maintenance of a high pressure, ranging from eighty to one hundred pounds to the square inch. A modern, engine may bo said to consist of five parts: A powerful coil, or upright tubular boiler; the engine, pumps, air chamber and the carriage. Great attention is paid to making the machinery strong and simple. Complicated valve gearing 1 is not to be thought of. Every portion must be in a position where it is easily reached, and the parts must be such that they can be duplicated speedily. An average fire engine for use in a large city will have cylinders from six to eight inches in diameter, and pumps from three and a half to four and a half inches in diameter, the stroke of both averaging eight inches. All the larger engines are double, as though each pump is double acting— that is to say, delivers on both the up and the down stroke. A steadier •tream is supplied from double pumps. The largest engines have a capacity of eight hundred gallons a minute, although-the average is not over six hundred gallons. The weight of a steam fire engine will range from seven thousand to eight thousand pounds, and it will bo readily understood that the Very best material and workmanship must be employed to enable it to stand the rough usage which it receives in ita rapid journey to the scene of a fire. The fire under the engine's boiler Is lighted automatically, and, as the water in the boiler has been kept hot by connection with the stationary boilers at the engine house, the necessary pressure is obtained in a few moments «,t the most.—Golden Days. Latctl Effect* In ttlbbon*. Dresden ribbons imprinted with the clear bright flower designs familiar on Dresden porcelain now rival those with the vague chine designs. The violet and rose flowers on white or pale grounds are most 'popular. These ribbons are most effective as trimmings of plain fabrics, ecru, white or light solid colors, rather than when an attempt is made to match them to the designs of flowered silks, muslins, or grenadines. Solid-colored faille or satin ribbons, are the best choice for figured poods, and should be of the prevailing color to deepen the tone. Violet is the favorite color among plain ribbons, and is used not only to match but in contrast with tue material, as on. pale blue taffeta, on beige-colored cre- pons, and on ecru linen batiste. Changeable rose and blue, producing the rosy violet, is especially liked. Shot taffeta ribbons are also stylish, ribbons for summer gowns of light fabrics. Striped ribbons are the choice for the large ribbon collars introduced by Paquin on canvas and CTepon gowns. There are also gauze ribbons with, broche flower destgns all of one color to form plastron, stock and belt, with chotn, of dresses trimmed with silk gauze revers.—Chicago Tribune. Think of Other People. We ought to think of other people's convenience more than some of us do. The home "is. the place where this thonghtfnlness ought to begin and be cultivated.. One. who comes late to breakfast admits that be has been, gnilty of an amiable self-indulgence,, but forgets that he has marred the- harmonious flow of the household life,, and caused confusion and extra work. The other day an important committce- of fifteen was kept waiting ten minutes for one tardy member, who came sauntering in at last, without <f\-en an apology for causing fifteen men a loss, of time that to them was very valuable, besides having put a sore strain on their patience and good nature. Common life is full of just such thoughtlessness.— Datroit Free Press- A Home of Button*. It Is said that Clappisson, the French, musical genius, is building a chateau, composed entirely of buttons. The walls, ceilings, doors, windows, in fact, the whole of the interior as well as the exterior is of this unique element of architecture, set closely and firmly in the best cement. Buttons of every kind nnd description, from tho very- earliest date down to the present time, are being employed in finishing and decorating this wonderful structure. A writer who seems to have seen Clapis- son's "Button Palace" says that tho most curious forms of buttons date • from the time of early Greece. —Egg Scallops.—Chop four or five- hard-boiled eg-gs into not very small bits. Mix thoroughly with a tcacupful of mashed potato, a tcacupful of well- boiled rice, a teaspoonful of vinegar, one of chopped capers if liked, pepper, salt and a tablcspoonful of melted butter. Place in scallop shells,, or gem- irons will do, sprinkle bread crumb* over the top, also bits of butter, and bake a light brown,—Orange Judd Farmer. They Mu»t Surely Bo Cra*y. It is feared that the members of the present Australian legislature are on the dizzy verges of insanity. They have voted to reduce their own salaries. (WOflAN'S FRIEND.) is the BEST REMEDY for GIRL, WIFE, MOTHER. Sold by B F Keesllng and Ben ITlslier Hiat Platen means Columbia BEST BICYCLE On the rteerinjr-< headofeveryCoi- nmbia bicycle of this year • maka that name-plate appears. _It i» unique, handsome, And indicates much—satisfaction and highest enjoyment to the rider. No other bicycle has ever equal- led a Columbia. No other bicycle ever shall equal a Columbia, The greatest bicycle factory in tho •world says so. New Price* 100 HARTFORDS, next best, WO 160. «50 for boys' and girls' sizes. POPE JfFC. CO. Hertford, Coaa. BOBTOif. cmcxoo. An Art Catalogue of these famoM wbeclsat any Columbia Aj?cncy,or will b« niailcd for two a-cent stamp*, I*. »'. Agent for «OLCMBU an* HABTFOKD Bicycle. LOGAXSPOKT. IXDIANA. COCKBURN BROS. Honey to Loan on Mortgage Security on Eur Monthly Payments. We Write Fire, Life, Accident, Pto» Glaw and Tornado Insuranoa. Ear and Sell Real Estate. Call and See Us, Office Boom* 2 and S Sprr Building F IOB SAXE AT A BARGAIN. Cigar store -with billiard hall in •onnection [new billiard a,nd 'pool table]. First-clans location. Trad* established. Reason for selling, going ont of business. Inqvire at this office. J. B, COUCH, PraaicalPlumber*Gas Fitter Job Wo* a SueeUlty. All Orten Promptly Attended t*o. All Work GoanntMd. 414 WAJLD 8TREEX.