Bennington Banner from Bennington, Vermont on August 27, 1966 · Page 1
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Bennington Banner from Bennington, Vermont · Page 1

Bennington, Vermont
Issue Date:
Saturday, August 27, 1966
Page 1
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Warmer Saturday fair and a little warmer, high temperature in the 70s in the north and the very low 80s in the extreme south. Fair and not quite so cool Saturday night. Sunday fair and a little warmer. Benningto Bennington, Vermont, Saturday, August 27, 1966 anner Weekly founded in 1811, Daily 1903, No. 20,156 10 Cents Paran Creek PollutionSource Cited by State While conclusive tests remain to be carried out, two state officials reported Friday that the Eagle Square Mfg. Co. plant In Shaftsbury was the probable source of a slug of toxic material that killed a number of trout and other fish In Paran Creek last week. Contacted by The Banner were A. William Albert, director of the Water Pollution Control Division of the state Water Resources Department, and Fish Biologist James McMartln of the state Fish and Game Department. Both men cited what they described as "circumstantial evidence" that pointed to the Ea- Minimum Wage Hike Okayed WASHINGTON (UPI) --The Senate voted Friday to Increase the federal minimum wage to $1.60 per hour In 1968, cover an additional 7 million workers and extend protection to farmhands for the first time in history. Before approving the House- passed administration measure 57-17, the Senate whittled down coverage by 185,000 workers In smaller retail stores. It did this by reducing from $1 million to $350,000 the minimum income of establishments which determines whether their employes get minimum wage protection. The bill now goes to a Senate- House conference committee which must reconcile some key differences between the two chambers' versions, Including the starting date of the $1.60 minimum. The current minimum Is $1.25. The House would start the higher wage In 1969 rather than 1968. gle Square plant as the likely source of the pollution that caused the fish kill. Albert reported that traces of a toxic metal had been found In water samples taken from the stream at the time the fish kill was discovered. While conclusive tests are yet to be conducted oh some of the dead fish, he noted that the fish had "bright red, Inflamed gills -- typical of metal poisoning." Noting that the only metal- plating operation in the Immediate area Is at the Eagle Square plant, he concluded that this suggested that "something went awry" at the plant. McMartln also cited the symptoms seen in tire dead fish and also noted that dead fish were found downstream from Vt. 67 which passes by the plant. He went on to say that the effect of the toxic agent didn't carry "too far down," noting that below the area near Overlea Road In Bennington where the stream passes fish were "stupe- fled and kind of numb" but ap» parently not dying. While concerned, of course, over the kill, he did advise local residents that the Incident "was not a biological catastrophe." He said that while some stocking of the stream is done it had been determined some years ago that the stream is a surprisingly strong one for self - propagation of its trout population. He said the native brown trout which can be found there will soon move back Into the area where the kill occurred and that "there won't be a vacuum there for years to come." McMartin said he had conferred earlier this week with a chemist at the Eagle Square plant to get a rundown on its operations. Albert also noted he hopes to get one of his engineers there soon to look over the company's handling of Its process wastes. The company did recently install facilities for the treatment of domestic sewage wastes from the several plant buildings. GOP Hopefuls Invade Bennington Area GOP candidate for Richard Snelling of Shelburne who believes Politician's Bennington County doesn't need a four-lane highway now finds a dissenting voice in Eugene C. Burt who says the area needs Plight one now - The debate took place in front of Burt's men's clothing store on Main Street while Snelling was in town campaigning. King Agrees To Halt Marches into White Areas CHICAGO (UPI) --Martin Luther King agreed Friday to halt marches into all-white Chicago neighborhoods and to postpone Indefinitely a street parade In the volatile suburb of Cicero in exchange for far- reaching guarantees of open housing for Negroes. Gov. Otto Kerner announced two hours later that he had cancelled plans to mobilize the Illinois National Guard to prevent violence in a Sunday Cicero march which officials have said would have been "suicidal." The agreement was reached in a "summit meeting" of Chicago freedom movement Apple Growers Once Again Face Employment Problem By BOB H A G E R M A N Vermont apple growers once again are facing the problem of getting enough pickers to harvest this fall's crop, according to a recent report of state Em. ployment Security Commissioner Stella B. Hackel. One of Bennlngton's orchard- ists, won't be much different in this respect but his big problem is that whatever pickers he does get will be harvesting -- salvaging would be a better word for it -- an otherwise bum. per crop that was heavily damaged by hall in a thunderstorm July 10. The apples at the Southern Vermont Orchards of Erwin W. (Windy) Meyer have continued to fatten and turn color since that time but many of them are reaching the picking stage with blemishes ranging from small depressions or brown spots to deep open gashes. Though it will mean Invest, ing approximately another $10,000 to get his crop in, Meyer told The Banner he Is going ahead with his usual harvest. From the sale of this, though at far less than what he might otherwise have received, he anticipates getting back some $30,000. His loss, however, will still be great: at the time of the hailstorm he estimated that at that point he had put Into the crop an Investment of $56,000. The badly damaged apples will be sold for juice. For these, Meyer notes, he will get about 40 cents a box return, 30 cents of which will be the cost of harvesting alone. Good apples will be sorted out but Meyer notes this Is go- Ing to vastly complicate his grading operations. One other step that he will be taking will be a heavy advertising promotion to get peo- pie to come up to the orchard and pick their own apples. He believes that when people pick their own fruit they are more tolerant of blemishes than they are when buying fresh fruit at their local market. To get the crop In Meyer figures he will need between 50 APPLE DAMAGE -- Deep blemishes can be seen in several of these Mclntosh apples hanging on a tree at the Southern Vermont Orchards in Bennington. Damage like this to a large percentage of this year's crop at the orchard was caused by a hailstorm in July. and 60 pickers. As in the past he will be using some migrant help and tills year he expects to get a new migrant crew of about 20 from Maryland. For the others he will depend on local help. He reported that he has had some calls from area residents inquiring about his need for help and thus is assured of some pickers. And while he an- (Hagerman) Ucipated some of Ms usual problems in getting enough local pickers he noted that at a recent meeting wMch he attended of or- chardlsts In the Hudson Valley of New York there had been general agreement that the availability of harvest workers tMs year was "a little freer" and See APPLE GROWERS Page 2, Col. 6 leaders and more than 70 civic leaders as guard commanders completed plans for protecting the civil rights forces on the Cicero march. King called the accord "an important step in a 1,000-mile journey." He said Negroes would begin moving Into all- white areas immediately. Mayor Richard J. Daley, who repeatedly had pleaded with King to take the open-housing crusade off the streets and Into the bargaining room, called it "an historic day." "I am satisfied that the people of metropolitan Chicago will be happy to carry out tMs program of equal housing and equal opportunity," Daley said. The agreement apparently brought to an end four weeks of tumultous demonstrations In wMch crowds of angered wMtes, hurling rocks, bottles and obscenities, battled thousands of police protecting Negro and white marchers. After Friday's meeting behind closed doors in the Palmer House Hotel, King said the. Cicero march "has been deferred." "It has not been cancelled," he said. "It has been postponed." Kerner had agreed to call out National Guardsmen to protect an estimated 3,000 marchers who were scheduled to step off Sunday In Cicero. Maj. Gen. Francis P. Kane, commander of the 33rd Division, Illinois National Guard, had said 3,000 guardsmen would be mobilized with orders to shoot to kill If fired upon, "We got all of the tMngs we Railroad Strike Hits Canada OTTAWA (UPI) --Canada was Mt Friday by a nationwide railway strike that also halted telegraph and ferry service and threatened to throw the country's already troubled economy Into chaos. One entire province and scores of northern communities were left virtually isolated. The walkout was staged by 110,000 employes of seven railroads, including the transcontinental Canadian National and Canadian Pacific, to back demands for a 40 per cent wage Increase. Their hourly wage now averages $2.23. Contract negotiations continued past the strike deadline but were broken off at midafternoon and are not expected to be resumed until after an emergency session of Parliament Monday. Labor Minister J. R. Nicholson said the talks had been "useful" and that negotiators were prepared to meet again "at a moment's notice." T h e government - operated Canadian National, with 32,656 miles of track, and the Canadian Pacific, with 21,400, are among the largest railroads In the world. thought were necessary," King told newsmen. Among the major points of the agreement were: -- The CMcago Real Estate Board acknowledged that "freedom of choice is the right of every citizen" and agreed to instruct its members to obey housing laws. --The Chicago Commission on Human Relations undertook to increase efforts to enforce housing laws. Sparks Fly Over German Generals BONN (UPI)--The opposition Social Democratic Party Friday gave limited support to the "generals revolt" and demanded Defense Minister KaiAuwe von Hassel resign for causing "a crisis of confidence." The opposition acted as Hassel met with chancellor Ludwlg Erhard and the cabinet to report on the crisis and win endorsement for Ms moves to nip the rebellion sparked by the resignations of three general officers. Hassei Thursday appointed Gen. Ulrich de Maizlere general inspector to succeed Gen. Heinz Trettner as chief of the 500,000-man armed forces. Lt. Gen. Johanannes StelnhoH, asked to replace Lt. Gen. Werner Panitizki as head of the air force, requested and was granted time to think it over. In an order of the day, announcing the appointments, Hassel said no action has been taken yet on the resignation submitted by Maj. Gen. Guenther Pape, commanderer of the 3rd military district. Hassel summoned all major unit commanders to Bonn for a meeting Monday at which he said he will explain the situation in detail. The brief order of the day was the first statement made by Hassel to the armed forces since the crisis began public week ago. His delay In making a public statement was one of the points cite'd by the Social Democrats who said he was solely responsible for the crisis. But Bruno Heck, executive director of the ruling Christian Democratic Union (CDU), defended Hassel. He said Hassel "by his calm and decisive actions...nipped a possible crisis in the bud." Richard Snelling and Thomas Hayes, Republican hopefuls for the nomination for governor in the Sept. 13 primary, carried their campaign to Bennington Friday and differed, predictably, over the sales tax Issue. The two appeared, along with the full slate of Republican state candidates, at a luncheon of the Bennington County Federation of Republican Women at the Mt. Anthony Country Club, attended by about 120. Hayes contended that a sales tax would be a "deformation" of the state's tax structure. He questioned Snelllng's assertion that $5 million of an estimated $15 million in sales tax revenue could be used either for state aid to schools or property tax reduction. He asked which it would go for, since It couldn't be used for both. Hayes also quoted figures he said came from the state Tax Department which indicate that 77 per cent of a sales tax would be paid by Vermonters, 15 per cent by local businesses and only 8 per cent from tourists. He questioned whether any Republican candidate could go before the electorate on a sales tax platform and have a chance of winning the election. Snelling hammered away at the fact that 42 states already have some form of sales tax, and pressed home the Idea that the limited kind of sales tax he proposes would be linked to tax reform, to a reduction of property and Income tax burdens, and would benefit local communities, not state government. He replied to Hayes' question by asserting that sales tax revenue could help reduce either the local property tax burdens or local school needs, depending on how the question would be decided locally. Snelling stressed that Vermonters are taxed higher than residents, of any other state, and also that the Green Mountain State is 13th highest in property taxes. "We're a leader when it comes to high taxes," he said. "But we're a follower adopting the sales tax, which 42 other states have done . . , These 42 states have learned that any tax carried to an extreme is unfair." And he contended that both income and property taxes are way out of line. Limited to 10 minute talks, the candidates didn't have time to get into their other area of difference -- highways in southwestern Vermont. Asked what kind of new taxation he foresaw, Hayes said he felt that the continuing economic growth could meet the state's n'-eds for a while and would re- l._re burdens at the local level. He cited the current $4 million state surplus as proof of this expansion. But he said that if new taxes became needed, he would favor either a capital gains tax or a "stretching out" of the income tax at the upper brackets. Snelling proposed using the $4 million surplus to pay off 10 per cent of the state's $40 million bonded indebtedness for local school construction. He also rejected the capital gains tax Idea, saying it would drive away many elderly and retired persons who live off investments. Other candidates who spoke at the luncheon, conducted by Mrs. Clifford B. Harwood of Manchest- er, chairman of the state Federation of Republican Women, were: For attorney general, Gerard Trudeau of Middlebury and James L. Oakes of Brattleboro; for sec- retary of state, Rudolph Smith of Elmore and Byron Hathorn of Hartford; for treasurer, H. See GOP HOPEFULS Page 2, Col. 1 McCullough Will Is Probated Individual bequests totalling more than SI.5 million are among the provisions of the will of the late Hall Park McCullough which he established for the distribution of an estate which is probably worth several million dollars. Recipients of the bequests In. elude both individuals--members of the family, employes and others -- and a number of charitable and service organizations, including colleges, hospitals, libraries and a church. The will was proved Thursday by the Bennington County Probate Court, according to Register Catherine C. Behan, and It now just remains for the executors named by McCullough to be officially appointed before appraisal of the estate is made and the specific bequests meted out. McCullough, who died at 94 on Aug. 5, was a member of the prominent Vermont family -.vhich has long made its residence in North Bennington. One half of his gross estate, after various adjustments for taxes, administrative, funeral and other expenses, claims or debts are made, is left to his wife, Edith van Benthuysen McCullough, to be held In trust subject to certain conditions. His own home and the Hall Farm on which its 'stands plus other buildings on the property and related equipment and household furnishings are left to his son, John G. McCullough, with the exception of such items as his wife may select for herself or his other surviving children. There are two daughters, Mrs. William G. (Edith) Heaphey and Mrs. William R. (Ethel) Scott. Another daughter, Dr. Elizabeth McCullough, died several years ago. His personal articles of clothing, jewelry, books and other Items are to be divided "in as equal shares as may be practicable" among the children, again with the exception of such articles as may be selected by his wife. The following personal bequests are made: --To his daughter, Edith, $500,000, and to his son, John, the same amount. "I make no provision," the will reads, "for my daughter, Ethel McCullough Scott, and no further provision for my daughter, Edith McCullough Heaphey, or son, John G. McCullough, In this will as my children are otherwise amply provided for.") --To his daughter-in-law, Jane Flske McCullough, $50,000. --Also, to Mrs. Grace B. Coleman, "My secretary for over 30 years, §15,000; to Ransom Salmon, $15,000; to Dagmar Salmon, $5,000; to Margaret Moriarty, $2,500; to Raymond H. Robinson, $5,000; to Fred Russell, $15,000; to Ellas Elwell, $5,000; and to Gordon Harwood, $1,500. The following bequests were made to various charitable, service or religious Institutions: --To Yale University for the Yale Library, $25,000, to be added to the "The Hall Park McCullough '94 Fund;" --To Mlddlebury College, $100,000; --To Bennington College, $100,000; --To Bennington Museum Inc., 850,000, "and all objects which may be in the Museum on loan from me at the time my death;" --To the New York Historical Society of New York City, $25,000; --To the Lenox Hill Hospital, $25,000; --To the Putnam Mmeorial Hospital, $50,000, In memory of his daughter, Elizabeth; --To Wellesley College, S15,- 000, to be added to the Elizabeth Hall McCullough Scholarship Fund; --To the McCullough Free Library in North Bennington, $15,000; --To the Bennington Free Library, $10,000; --And to the Congregational Church of North Bennlngton.SlO,- 000. Any balance of his estate is to be divided In equal shares, to be held in trust, among his surviving grandchildren or the Issue of any grandchildren not surviving. Named by McCullough as his executors are his sonandGeorge A. Brownell of New York City with Brownell also named trustee. The will was executed Oct. 9, 1961. Kenalene's Bounce Reaction A Republican state legislator said Friday that Democratic Gov. Philip H. Hoff is suffering from a "bounce reaction" In a political poll. Rep. Kenaiene J. Collins, R-32, of Readsboro, told a luncheon meeting of the Bennington County Federation of Republican Women of a poll reported at the National Republican Conference she attended last week In Portland, Maine. The poll, she said, reported by Thomas W. Benham, vice president of Opinion Research Inc. of Washington, D.C., showed that while President Kennedy won 51 per cent of the vote in the 1960 election, 75 per cent of the voters now claim they voted for him. But the poll showed In Vermont, she continued, that Gov. Hoff has been the victim of a "bounce reaction;" that is, morevotersnow claim they didn't vote for him. She said she didn't have the exact figures the poll cameupwlth. On the Inside Columnist Jean Wasslck says she loves that dog -page 3. Columnist Roy Marsden comments on the antlerless season--page 4. A picture page shows the spots where highway construction improvement projects are to be made--page 5. New officers of the Bennington Forestry Assn. were elected Friday New in Manchester. From the left are James Carpenter, secretary; A. J. Dewey, trustee; John S. McCormick Jr., vice president; Officers Franklin Frantz, president, and Charles Canfield, past president and trustee. (Ringheiser)

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