Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on June 29, 1963 · Page 4
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June 29, 1963

Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Saturday, June 29, 1963
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Saf., June Off to the Races Angola Experiment By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN Some time during the month of July the foreign ministers of four African nations, Tunisia, Liberia, Madagascar and Sierre Leone, are scheduled to turn up at the United Nations in New York. They will appear before the UN Security Council to press for sanctions against the Portuguese for refusing to "decolonize" their African dependencies of Angola and Mozambique and against Soouth Africa for refusing to drop the policies of apartheid. This business of trying to give the • Portuguese and the South Africans the works at one and the same time in the UN is one of the crazier ironies of our day. For in Angola and Mozambique the Portuguese have followed a policy of racial desegregation that Dr. Martin Luther King would consider heaven in comparison to Birmingham, Ala., while the South Africans, in pushing apartheid, have decided to set up a completely • segregated black state in the eastern, northern and western Transvaal and in ftiluland. This giving special territory to blacks should please the Black Muslims. IN AFRICA it is apparently a case of being damned if you do desegregate, anl damned if you don't. Not so long ago Archduke Otto von Mabsburg, the lineal heir to the throne of Austria, vis* ited Portuguese Angola to see how a multi-racial policy worked out in practice, it so happens that the archduke is an accomplished journalist. Like any other newspaper working stiff, he "got around" in' Angola. Though his trip was probably facilitated by the Portuguese government in Lisbon, he made note of some shortcomings on the part of his, hosts. "If one can make a serious reproach against past Portuguese government in Lisbon, he made note of some shortcomings on the part of his hosts. "If one can make a serious reproach against past Portuguese admin­ istrations in Angola," he writes in an interesting brochure published in Lisbon, "it is their passivity in the economic field . . . In' the fight for Angola's future the economic question will play a paramount role , . . fresh money is needed. Recent legislation gives serious guarantees to foreign capital: 10 years exemp* tion from taxes, custom-free import of all machinery, possibility of taking out all profits in hard currency. But this is hot enough. There are still too many bureaucratic regulations and practices." roR THE SOCIAL relationships in Angola, however, the Archduke has only good things to say. "If there is any one country which has a genuine chance to establish a multi-racial commonwealth," he • writcs< "it is Portugal .... soldiers and officers (in Angola) become educators in their spare time. They gain the confidence of the young and thus attract the old. This is helped by Portugal's centuries old tradition on this soil and by the fact that'four-fifths of the population speaks Portuguese. Racial equality and Christianity have prevented the development of widespread extremism. . . there are some half-educated people who believe in violent nationalism. But this is an infinitesimal minority . . . it would be in the interest of all—blacks and whites alike—if Western solidarity could become reality and thus give a chance to establish a living example of a supra-national and inter-racial community, the formula for a peaceful world tomorrow." THE ARCHDUKE 'S PLEA for a "third way" in Africa, under which whites, blacks and mixed bloods can lay claim to equal rights, carries with it a note of nostalgia, For the old Austro- Hungarian monarchy of Otto's forefathers once provided a living example of comity among various minorities. The Hungarian crown of St. Stephen, added to the Austrian crown, gave thi Mabsburg monarchy two equal hats. Moreover, the Czechs, th« Slovaks and the Ruthenians wer« not treated badly under the old emperor, Fran* Joseph. True enough, there was little political democracy in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Still and all, the Hungarian, Czech and Slovak subjects of Franz Joseph were a lot freer than their Iron Curtained descendants are today. By the same token, the citizens of Angola possess many more civil liberties under the Portuguese dominion of Salazar than they probably would retain if they were to be ruled by the man who wants to "free" Angola, the terroristic Holden Roberto. The moving finger of history writes, however. In the long run Portugal's hold ..on Angola will probably be broken. And the "multiracial commonwealth" will disappear, a casualty of an age that does not really believe in tolerance and diversity in spite of its lip service to both qualities. Odds Are Against Pact on Nuclear Test Ban Weekend Review ILLINOIS GENERAL ASSEMBLY apparently ended its 6 -month term this week in the usual flurry of bill passing and slaughtering. Final evaluation of its work cannot, of course, be made until there has been time to study all the results. Failure to start the ball rolling on revision of the state's outmoded revenue article is certain to be one of the major disappointments of the session. Increasing state aid for schools without providing a means to raise the necessary wherewithal may prove to be an unworkable piece of legislation, and imposition of minimum salaries for police and firemen in communities already hard pressed financially will not stand as a monument to the principal of home rule. On the other hand, the state has been saved from a notoriously poorly drawn Sunday closing law. The governor's position right now is not an enviable one. It is his clear duty to wield his veto on unwise and impossible legislation, and he will be running the risk of political sharpshooting whatever his course. More than 1,200 bills were introduced in the Senate, incidentally, and the House totaled approximately 1,700. This was over and above a bevy of resolutions in both houses of the General Assembly. • • • NOTE FROM HISTORY. The Vicksburg Centennial Commemorative Association, during this centennial observance of the Civil War, notes that 36,290 Illinois men participated in the crucial Vicksburg campaign, which probably sealed the fate of the North- South struggle. The year was 1863, when Illinois had a population of 1,711,951 and furnished 255,092 men, or about 15 per cent of its population, to the Union armies. The power of Illinois was represented in more than the number of men engaged in the crucial Battle of the West. The President of the United States at the time was, of course, Abraham Lincoln of Springfield, 111. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant of Galena was in command of the victorious Union Army of the Tennessee, and one of the Union corps at Vicksburg was led by Maj. Gen. John A. McMClernand, also an Illinoisan. Today the Illinois state memorial, a replica of the Pantheon in Rome, stands as one of the most impressive in the Vicksburg National Military Park. The monument, which cost $194,424,. was dedicated in 1906 by Gov. C. S. Deneen. * * * IN THE OLD DAYS, one of the traditional gifts for the June bride from female frinds and relatives was a cherished recipe. That may be a little out-bf-date in this day of frozen dinners and warm-'n'serve meals. But here's one sentimental recipe for happiness that bears passing along to the 76 brides whose wedding accounts have appeared in this newspaper so far this month. Combine: 1 heaping portion of true love I heaping cup of perfect trust and confidence 1 heaping cup of tenderness (the most tender available) 1 heaping cup of good humor (a little extra won't hurt) 1 tablespoon of good spirits (the more spirited the better) Blend with: 1 heaping cup of unselfishness A dash of interest in all HE does Add: 1 good helping of work—to avoid this would spoil the flavor ,Mix all these ingredients with a pint of sympathy and understanding combined. Flavor with loving companionship. Bake well all your life. Frost with kisses, fond hopes and tender words. This cake keeps well and should be served often. By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — No high official in Washington is kidding himself that the forthcoming American-British-Russian talks on a nuclear test ban will result in agreement and a treaty. Some administration sources put Undersecretary of State Averell Harriman's chances of success in Moscow at no better than 1 in 20. This is perhaps the best answer to congressional and other critics who think that the conference announced in President Kennedy's June 10 speech on a new strategy for peace is an ambush and a waste of time. The rationalization for it is that any president would want to be sure that he had done everything he could to avoid a world-wide nuclear disaster. If the talks prove fruitless as expected, Russia gets the blame. WHAT COULD FOLLOW would be of considerable advantage to the United States in one way, of considerable damage to both the Communist and the free worlds in another. Another demonstration by the Russians that they do not want a test ban should make all the North Atlantic Treaty Alliance countries realize exactly what they are up against. It should unite them as they have not been united before* Russian rejection of a test ban should also make it easier to bring into being the NATO Multilateral Force—MLF — of submarines and surface ships armed with Polaris missiles. The bad part of such a development is that it might bring on an all-out arms race between East and West. The MLF alone would cost the U.S. an estimated $15 billion. It would mean $100 billion U.S. defense budgets within a few years. The question is whether or hot a test ban would be preferable. • IF A TEST BAN agreement should come through as a long shot, there is no intention that the United States would relax on what is now believed to be its vast nuclear superiority. Plans for future testing would go right ahead. Development of antimis- siles and anti-antimissile missiles would go ahead. Then if the Russians broke the test ban treaty, the United States would be prepared to resume testing immediately. It would not be forced to lose tlx months as it did before when Khrushchev broke the Eisenhower moratorium on bomb testing. In spite of U.S. nuclear weapons superiority — which is not to be confused with a missile gap in delivery systems — there is no assurance that American scientists would be first to develop new superweapons that come after the H-bomb. In the potential for proliferation of nuclear weapons development in the next 10 to 20 years by Red China, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, India, Japan or others that have the know-how, some obscure scientist may make the breakthrough'. This is a development the United States must be prepared to match. THE KEY ISSUE on test ban negotiations now is inspection of unidentified explosions. IChairman Khrushchev doesn't want any foreign inspectors in Russia, maintaining that they would all be spies. He doesn't need any inspectors in the United States, for in the wide-open United States society the Russians need only about 5 per cent espionage to learn what they want to know. While the United States has a world-wide nuclear test detection system, which the Russians do not have, the U.S. needs inspection of unidentified explosions. Khrushchev apparently has been led to believe that the United States will ultimately sign a test ban treaty without inspection. But the often • repeated report from the Russians that the former American disarmament negotiator, Ambassador Arthur Dean, had ever said that inspections are not important is officially denied. Anyway, he difference between three inspections a year, which Russia might settle for, and the seven which the United States insists on as a minimum is considered important. What's wanted is a reserve of two or three inspections for safety. THE DOCTOR SAYS Learn to Make Most Of Our Air-Conditioning By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Written for Newspaper Enterprise Assn. Other Editorial Opinion 'TYRANNY OF NUMBERS'. How far can a country go toward living by numbers and still retain a vestige of the ideal of individualism? For the sake of efficiency, names are giving way to numbers. It seems that names are not palatable to the mechanical brains that automatically keep tab on our activities as customers, taxpayers and so forth. Of course, automation is an inevitable development. But there is danger that the mania for numbers will be carried too far. The president of a century old liberal arts college recently referred to the "tyranny of numbers" in America higher education today. Howard R. Bowen, president of Grinnell College believes that our system of higher education "... tends to reduce everything about a student to a few key numbers." "In describing a particular student," said President Bowen, "we often say something like this: Steven Martin, oh yes, he was 35th in a high school class of 280, he scored 553 on the verbal and 610 on the quantitative College Board tests, his college grade-point average was 2.85, and he scored 275 on the Graduate Record Examination. There' you have the biography of Steven Martin reduced to the stark essentials. No nonsense about his curiosity, his moral fiber, his dreams and aspirations. . ,. Here is an obsession with numbers carried to absurdity. So far as education goes, Dr. Bowen strongly urges that corrective steps be taken. For one thing he suggests the reservation of perhaps fifty places in each freshman class for students who-do not fully measure up to quantative standards of academic aptitude, but show signs of excellence In other dimensions. He also has suggestions m matters such as examinations and grades which would help alleviate the tyranny of numbers. President Bowen's views are refreshing and may point toward a renaissance of individualism in the United States. Efficiency is a great thing, but when it dehumanizes a nation, it is lime to call a halt.—Daily Commercial News (Sau Francisco). NAMES AND NUMBERS. So many people in Sweden have the same name that trying to locate one particular Anderson, Svenson or Carlson is a real problem. For instance, the Stockholm telephone directory contains 50 pages of Andersons, So a National Family Name Committee has been appointed to provide a little more variety, and it's using data processing machines to coin some new names. Feed the machine a certain number of letters in a certain way, and out comes a whole bunch of names. The committee now has a list of a million from which it expects to get 50,000 it can put up for grabs. But with that thoughtfulness typical of many government agencies, the committee is methodically discarding all names it deems strange or unpronounceable. So ii an Anderson happens to prefer a difficult new name to a more conventional one, that's just too bad. It could be worse, though. As in the U.S., where the problem isn't with names but with numbers. By the time a citizen learns to cope with 229-03-9631 (Social Security), 202-277-0070 (telephone), FZW-5642 (auto license), 61935424 (checking account), and A 40271 (savings account), he's not always sure what his name is. Or, with the tax-takers now filing him by Social Security number, if he even has one.— The Wall Street Journal. We are in the season when those who have air conditioner's turn them on and when all of us find ourselves going in and out of air- conditioned stores, offices, restaurants and theaters. How will this affect you? Some persons sleep better in a room that is air-conditioned while others, especially if they use a single-room unit, may prefer to get the room comfortably cool before retiring, and then turn off the machine. In either case, a good night's sleep in hot weather will greatly improve your spirits. In summer when the relative humidity is high, bringing air into the room from the outside and cooling it will increase the relative humidity and hence the chilling effect. Many houses in areas near large bodies of water are kept comfortable throughout the summer by means of a dehumidifier in the basement. This requires that the windows be kept closed to exclude the warm, humid air. When air conditioning was first introduced, there was a tendency to bring the indoor temperature down too drastically. Level Recognized It is now recognized that people are morn comfortable if the tem- pcrature is reduced to only 10 to 15 degrees below the outside official temperature (the official temperature is always taken in the shade), provided the humidity is also reduced. This holds true even for the hottest days. One of the chief problems in this regard, and one that is not likely to be solved, is that-everyone has his own individual rate of metabolism. What is comfortable for one person may be uncomfortably hot or cold for another. The person who has arthritis, for example, is likely to react with joint discomfort to even a slight chilling of the surrounding air. Aid for Cardiacs On the other hand, air-conditioning is a great blessing to anyone who has heart disease. This is because, when the temperature, approaches the normal body heat, the heart must work harder to circulate blood through the skin and thus cool it. This added burden will be readily accepted by the,normal heart, but will embarrass a heart that has been weakened by a coronary attack or a leaky valve. Air-conditioning is likewise a great help to persons with asthma or hay fever because it filters the offending pollens out of the air that is brought inside. This protection lasts, however, only as long as the victim remains in the room where the air is filtered. Whether you are benefited or made worse by air-conditioning, you can be sure that some form of air-conditioning is here to stay. Every year its use is being extended to more and more facilities, both public and private. It is wise, especially for women, to carry a light wrap even on the hottest days, and to wear it when going into an air-conditioned store or office where the difference in temperature is too great for comfort. This is especially important for those who must sit close to the cold-air intake fan. REMINISCING Of Bygone Years FIFTY YEARS AGO Sunday, June 29, 1913 Rev. F.E.R. Miller, Baptist Church pastor, delivered a talk on "Place and Power of Women in Politics." Members of Emmanuel Methodist Episcopal Church held their annual picnic at Lincoln Park. TWENTY YEARS AGO Tuesday, June 29, 1943 Approximately 100 persons attended the Galesburg Aerie of Eagles new members and sponsors banquet at the Eagles Home. Archie Guenther, chairman of the 1942 steering committee, was in charge of the activities. Brownie Troop No. 11 of Farnham School, met at the home of Mr. and Mrs. George McCall, 241 Division St. ~ From p., s t • For P r pa pn i The rdSI * The rrC8CPI Then I heard what seemed to be the voice of a great multitude, like the sound of many waters and like the sound of mighty thunderpeals, crying, Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty reigns.—Rev. 19:6. * * * Yes, thou art ever present, Power Divine; Not circumscribed time. Nor fixed by s£ace, Confined to altars, nor to temples bound, In wealth, in' want, in freedom, or in chains, In dungeons or on thrones, the faithful find thee. —Hannah More. THE ALMANAC By United Press International Today is Saturday, June 29, the 180th day of 1963 with 185 to follow. The moon is approaching, its full phase. The morning stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening star is Mars. Those born today include singer Nelson Eddy, in 1901. On this day in history: In 1928, Gov. Alfred Smith of New York was nominated by the Democratic convention for the presidency. In 1954, Colonel Carlos Armas overthrew the pro-Communist regime in Guatemala. . In 1961, the United States orbited three satellites at once. A thought "for the, day—French philosopher, Rochefoucauld, said: "There is no disguise which can for long conceal love where it exists or stimulate it where it does not." Crossword Puzzzle Girls Answer to Previous Punte by Now You Know By United Press International The state of Kansas was named for the Kansas Indians, or "People of the South Wind," according to the National Geographic Society. ACROSS | 1 Wonderland girl 6 Miss Dunne 111 Feminine appellation 13 Speaker 14 Stiff er 15 Armed Octet 16 Age 17 Fabric 19 Hindu month 20 Rots flax 22 Emmet 23 Remove 24 Query 26 Abie's girl 27 Terminal 28 Fastener 20 Reply (ab.) 30 Greek letter 31 Girl's name 133 Prattles 36 Indian weights 37 Pamela's nickname 38 Feminine name 40 Light brown 41 Fourth Arabian calipb 42 Anatomical duct 43 Papal capes 46 Characteristics 49 Measuring devices 50 Evening party 51 Amphitheater 52 Very stupid DOWN 1 Change 2 Looked askance 3 Native 4 Lettuce 5 Before 6 Irregular (abj 7 Male sheep 8 Storehouses 9 Little lump 10 Expunge 12 Purchases (Scot.) 13 Hops' kOo 18 Also 21 Spots 23 Give 25 King of Slam's girl 26 Miss Haywortb 34 Woman's name 39 Onagers 28 Lets • 35 School 44Nicknam* 31 More expensive accessories 32 Embellished 36 Ostiole 33 Chum 37 Go by 45 Age 47Sinba <rsbir4 48 Atmosphere 1 2 3 + 6 1 s- » 10 11 13 (4 15 16 K 18 Ift" Hi 21 1 a 2? 29 32 ST 36 •1 40 fa 42" 43 w «9 50" 51 52 NEWSPAPER, ENTERPRISE ASSN. Qalesburg fegister-Mail QUOTES FROM THE DAY'S NEWS sons were killed and 26 injured: "Every place I looked I saw people bleeding" Seafarers seem to have had some knowledge of the existence and position of Iceland as early as the 4th century. However, no settlement is known to have been made there before the Sth century, when Irish hermits set up their dwellings. A Norwegian chief began the actual settlement of Iceland when he moved his family to what is now the capital, Reykjavik. (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International STONEFORT, Ill-State Rep. C. L. McCormick, who introduced a measure for control of mosquitoes which are said to be so large they stampede cattle: "A lot of people think this is funny. But these mosquitoes have cut milk production by harassing dairy cows and farmers have to wear masks to work in the fields." LONDON—Party girl Christine Keeler, testifying at the vice trial of Dr. Stephen Ward about her adventures: "I did not ever consider myself a call girl or prostitute." RUTHERFORD, N.J. - Robert Pelaske. witness to a bus-automobile collision in which seven per- NEW CASTLE, Ind.-Sen. Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz., addressing cheering Republicans about GOP chances in 1964: "With your help we can chase the rascals out." Office 140 South frame Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail exchange 342-5161 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress oi March 3. 1879. Daily except Sun. day. Ethel Custer Schmith-—-Publisher Charles Morrow - Editor M. H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director oi Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated. New Vork, Chicago, De» troit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles- Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAUOF*" 'CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled ex> clusively to the use or republication oi all the local news printed in this newspaper u w«« M *U A? nevs dispatches. \ SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c s Week. By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: I year sio .00 8 Montna ss.fi 6 Months s 6.00 I Month No mail subscription* accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier in retail trading sonf* outside City oi Galesburg- 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, lows and Mis* sour) and by motor route m retail trading sons. 1 '/ear $13.00 3 Months {3 .71 6 Months $ 7.00 I Month fl-li — r~, ___;—:—; -*t By mall outside flunois lows and Missouri 1 year $13.00 3 Month* |5-OS 6 Months s 950 I Month p# t

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