The Plain Speaker from Hazleton, Pennsylvania on January 5, 1959 · Page 1
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The Plain Speaker from Hazleton, Pennsylvania · Page 1

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Monday, January 5, 1959
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TEE FLAM SPEAEE R Weather Temperature 6 a.m. 10; Noon 10. Clear and cold tonight. Low 5 to 12 below zero. Tuesday sunny and continued cold. High 10 to 17. CIVILIZATION Nations, like individuals, live and die; but civilization cannot die. FULL LEASED WIRE REPORTS OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND (fl WIREPHOTO VOL. 77, NO. 22,620 FOUNDED 1882 HAZLETON, PA., MONDAY AFTERNOON, JANUARY 5, 1959 18 Rapes SEVEN CENTS A COPY Castro's Columns Press Onward 111 Slow Triumphal March With Havana Entry Due Wednesday Wildly Cheering Villagers Turn Out to Greet the Conquering Rebels IIAVANA, Cuba (JP) - Havana province was proclaimed under martial law today pending arrival of Provisional President Manuel Urrutia. IIAVANA (AP) - Fidel Castro and thousands of his hardfighting soldiers continued their slow west ward march of triumph today, savoring the adulation being heaped on them . as they approached Havana. Tens of thousands in cities, towns and villages turned out to cheer wildly as Castro and his mo torized columns made their way from the Oriente province center of their rebellion which overthrew the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista last week. The progress was slow: Cama-guey, 300 miles from Havana, Sunday night; tonight, Santa Clara, scene of the decisive He-feat which forced Batista to flee, 140 miles further along the march; Tuesday, Matanzas, 50 miles from the capital. Castro and his men were expected in the capital Wednesday afternoon for one of the greatest welcomes in Cuban history. In a prelude, Manuel Urrutia, named provisional president by Castro, was flying from Santiago de Cuba this morning to take the central government reins in Havana. A big welcome was arranged for him, with government offices closed so employes could participate. The people of Havana awaited Castro with full stomachs for the first time since the collapse of the Batista government and the dictator's pre-dawn flight to Ciu-dad Trujillo. The rebel chieftain, now commander in chief of Cuba's armed forces, ordered an end to the paralyzing general strike which had closed the nation's stores, business and industries and tied up transport and communications. He had said he would call off the strike when he was convinced Havana was safely in the hands of his men. There were still some scattered Batista holdouts, but reports from his commanders in Havana assured Castro the situation was fully under control and nothing could upset his hard won victory. There were immediate signs of a return to normalcy in the tense excited city. Newspapers began appearing again. Stores flung open their doors to do a landoffiee business selling foodstuffs to hungry Ha-vaneros. Taxis and buses resumed operation. Industrial workers began preparing to return to their jobs. Castro's bearded soldiers patrolled the streets with rifles, "pistols, and machineguns, guarded government buildings and banks and roamed the lobbies and corridors of hotels, on the alert for violence. ; The security situation was enhanced by the rebel high command's order to the thousands of; jubilant young militiamen, many of them self-appointed, to turn in their guns. Most of them apparently obeyed. Only a few were i seen armed on the street. The hunt continued for rem nants of the Batista government. (Continued on Page 2) 36 Accidental Deaths In Pa. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS At least 36 people were killed accidentally in Pennsylvania over the long New Year's weekend. Traffic accidents took 26 lives. One woman perished in a fire and nine persons died in other ways during the 102-hour holiday period between 6 p.m. Wednesday and Sunday midnight. During the same period of the Christmas weekend, 42 persons lost their lives accidentally in the state. Highway mishaps killed 28. Twelve others including seven small children perished in fires. In one respect, the two holidays followed the same pattern. Most of the deaths occurred in the beginning hours. But the New Year's weekend, unlike Christmas, was almost free of fire deaths. During the first 30 hours of the New Year's weekend, 17 persons were killed. The rate of deaths dropped slightly Friday, and continued to drop Saturday and Sunday. (Continued on Page 2) News Index Page Freeland 4 Editorial 6 Social 8 Comics, Crossword 12 Theatres Television Sports Classified Deaths 13 13 .14-13 16 18 S f?Ww 'hft r:KK Vfe MM t ill&i-?$ss&jXtefU .... ProHv Pohol e men w'tn ears are not being re- r icTiy IxcUcI placed in the Castro army, but additions to the forces such as this pretty girl will not hurt the popular appeal of the forces now in command of Cuba's capital city of Havana. She was on patrol with other 2(Uh of July forces near a headquarters building. She declined to give her name. (AP Wirephoto). Jailed For Refusal To Disclose News Source NEW YORK (AP)-Newspaper clumnist Marie Torre surrendered today to begin serving a 10-day jail sentence rather than disclose a news source. Miss Tore, 34 and mother of two young children writes a syndi cated television and radio column for the New York Herald Tribune. She appeared before U.S. Dist. Judge Sylvester J. Ryan and was remanded to custody of a marshal 10:05 a.m. "I have great hope that this ac tion will lead to legislation which will protect a newsman's sources," she told reporters as she arrived at the courthouse. She was accompanied to the courthouse by her husband, Hal Friedman, a television producer. Judge Ryan had found Miss Torre in contempt for refusing to disclose the source of a story she wrote in 1957 concerning movie star Judy Garland. ! i Miss Torre was dessed in black! as she stood silently before Judge j Ryan. I "Has the defendant changed her position in this matter?" he asked.' "Her position remains the same," said Mathias Corea, her, attorney. "It is no different than' that taken before." ! Judge Ryan immediately or-; dcred: "The defendant is remanded to the custody of the marshal to begin serving her sentence." As Miss Torre turned to leave the courtroom, the judge said: "If you change your mind, Miss Torre, you may communicate with the court." Ryan referred to a standing op portunity for Miss Torre to purge herself of contempt at any time; by disclosing her news sourajf. Authorities arranged for her to, serve the sentence in the Hudson' County Jail in Jersey City, N.J.! It is one of several institutions in! the metropolitan area where the' federal government boards worn-' en for short terms. j Her mother and a housekeeper will care for the two children while she is in jail. On reaching the courthouse, Friedman put a hand on his wife's shoulder and told news-j men: "I am very proud of her, j and I assure you that we did this! together. We thought it all out1 United Stales Is Lucky So Far With Cuban Revolution IIAVANA (AP) - The United; States has been fairly lucky so far with the Cuban revolution. The big neighbor to the north j is still popular with the Cubans, j But some of that popularity, as ; well as prestige elsewhere in Latin j America, likely Will be lost if Washington drags its feet about: recognizing the new provisional ; government of Cuba. By banning the shipment of arms to Fulgencio Batista's gov-' eminent during the revolution, the United States seriously hurt the dictator's cause. In Cuba it was considered the United States actually had sided with Fidel Cas-; tro's rebels, particularly since, smuggled arms continued to stream steadily to the rebels from U.S. sources. That built up goodwill for the U.S. governmcHt. But Washington, Thev Don't Know What They're Talking About LOS ANGELES (JP) Do people really know what they're talking about when polltakers quiz them? To find out, Los Angeles Mirror-News columnist Paul Coates called 150 people by telephone and asked this question: "Do you think the Mann Act deters or helps the cause of labor, and if you feel it deters, would you vote for its repeal?" Coates found that 38 per cent of those polled want to repeal the Mann Act, which since 1910 has made it illegal to transport a woman across state lines for immoral purposes. The columnist said only 12 per cent realized the question was rigged. and decided it was the proper course." Miss Torre, in expressing hope the case would lead to protection of news sources, said: "If by serving this term it contributes to legislation toward that end it will have been worth it. This is purely my own position, but I must say that it would have been most difficult if my newspaper (Continued on Page 2) Resume Negotiations On Tests Suspension GENEVA (P) Negotiations of the Big Three powers for a controlled suspension of nuclear weapons tests resumed today after a two-week holiday recess. Representatives of the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union met again in the Palace of Nations. The Western powers want assurances that the Sotiet Union will accept a truly international inspection system. The Soviets want veto power over the operation. Before the recess the delegates agreed on four treaty articles, including the bare framework of a control organization. Now the delegates will have to try to reach agreement on how the inspection system will operate, and on voting procedures. likely would surrender some of that goodwill if it lets the Soviet Union and other Communist countries grab the distinction of being the first to recognize the new regime. The United States has seldom L modern history been on the-side of popular revolution in the non-Communist world. And it has had little hesitation in the past in recognizing regimes brought to power through military coups d'etat. American action in Cuba will be watched throughout Latin America as an indication of whether Washington learned anything from the riots that greeted Vice President Nixon in Venezuela. There is no point now in Washington worrying about whether Communist elements are involved in the revolution.- The rebel1 kad-(Continued on Page 2) Ike Discusses Policies With Congress Heads Reportedly Tobl Leaders Defense Spending Will Total $10 Billion WASHINGTON (AP)-President Eisenhower talked over his defense and foreign policies with congressional leaders today and reportedly told them defense spending in the new fiscal year will run about $40,900,000,000. This figure about 100 million dollars more than the current year's defense total - was given newsmen by Sen. Alexander Wiley (R-Wis). Wiley made an early departure from the presidential conference with the congressional leaders of both parties. The White House announced 10 days ago that the administration's over-all spending budget for the new fiscal year, beginning next July 1, will be balanced at about 77 billion dollars. Today's conference of Democratic and Republican leaders came against the background of criticism by some Democrats that the total budget is inadequate, particularly in the defense field. Wiley, senior Republican on the ' Senate Foreign Relations Commit tee, was asked whether there was general agreement at the confer ence regarding the reported plan for spending $40,900,000,000 on the military program. "If silence means consent, yes," the senator replied. Wiley also said there was general discussion of the space development program. He made that statement when asked whether the talk had centered on thj new Soviet cosmic rocket headed toward orbit around the sun. The discussion was led, Wiley reported, by T. Keith Glennan, chief of the new National Aero nautics and Space Agency, a civilian unit. Asked why the Soviet Union has been able to blast a rocket to the vicinity of the sun while this coun try still has not been able to get one as lar as the moon, Wiley said the Russians have developed rockets with much more thrust. "We'll develop it (a rocket with greater thrust)," Wriley added. "There is no question about that." As for foreign aid spending in the new fiscal year, Wiley said it is his understanding it will be about the same as this year about $3,700,000,000. Hearing Today In Rights Case MONTGOMERY,, Ala. (AP) -Alabama officials, who defied the U. S. Civil Rights Commission, today attempt to convince a federal agency evidence on Negro voting. After the hearing in U. S. District Court, the judge will rule on the officials' contention they lawfully withheld from the federal I judge they acted legally. The ruling of U. S. Dist. Judge I Frank Jnhn crm .Tr run ho art. ! pealed, homer, and the clash of fprWal vt statp anthnritv ovah. tually may reach the Supreme Court. Arguing immunity to civil rights investigators are Circuit Jud?p Georne Wallace of Clavton and five present or former voter reg - istration officials Wallace refused to appear at the Civil Rights Commission hearing here Dec. 8-9. Th registrars balked at testifying under oath about the Negro voting complaints. Designated judicial offi cers under state law, they claim the federal agency has no right I to question them about their official duties. Failure to convince 'Judge Johnson they are immune frou the commission's probe would put them under federal subpoenas once again at the risk of jail terms for contempt to produce: the requested evidence on Negro , voting. ONE BIG CLUE OWENSBORO, Ky. (AP) Po-J lice have one clue to a men's store: burglary here Saturday night. j They said $3,000 worth of cloth-1 ing was stolen. All size 42. W Si,? " ., ,,','; ?Vl ,' . ! spread jubilation and celebrations Tokyo Shimbun commented: KJr QrUnn Riicpc TorlriV A ,d line of pickets blocks an attempt by supervisors throughout Communist China and "The Soviet moon rocket will u.uT ,1 , . ,P i7y m f ,thJ hiTn "Sh t( f in Communist North Korea and probably serve as the biggest mo-school buses to their routes at Brockton. Mass., today. Regular dm ers and mechanics struck the ' forr in renewed scicn. transportation company last November 17 seeking increased pay. Bus line normally operates reu- North iot .Nam. tiatin lorce in nnevvea scien lar passenger routes in 80 communities as well as some school routes. (AP Wirephoto) 1 In South Korea and the Philip-, (Lontinuea on 1 dj,e Z) Mikoyan Meets Dulles To Talk Over Cold War Soviet's Deputy Premier Takes Unscheduled Walk Around Washington WASHINGTON (AP)-Old bol shevik Anastas I. Mikoyan, insist ing he is just on vacation, set up a no-holds-barred talk about the cold war with Secretary of State Dulles today. The 63-year-old Soviet first dep uty premier flew into New York City Sunday and drove directly to Washington. At New York's airport, he studiously ignored a group of Hungarian refugees, some of whom yelled "murderer" and "Commu nist dog" at him. But a larger contingent waited in vain at the Soviet U. N. mission headquarters on Park Ave., which he bypassed. Today, however, some of the same determined picketers ar ranged to march with placards outside the State Department, where Mikoyan had his appointment with Dulles. Both Mikoyan and State Department officials in dicated the Berlin situation would figure in the talks. For Mikoyan so far the trip has been "America revisited." He came here in 1936, when he was so impressed with ice cream and the automat that he introduced both ideas to Russia. This time he got excited about cellophane wrapped doughnuts, motels, park ing meters and rental automo biles. That much came out during his drive from New York to Washington and an unscheduled two-hour walk around Washington streets. The days ahead also have no fixed schedule. Mikoyan says he will be happy to talk about anything Dulles wants, including Berlin. Dulles says "The initiative is his." Mikoyan says he would be pleased to talk to President Eisenhower if the President has (Continued on Page 2) Holiday Death Toll Now 548 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Traffic 376 Fires 60 Miscellaneous 112 Total 548 The nation's traffic death toll during the long New Year weekend, showing sharp upward trends at the start and the close, edged toward the preholiday estimate of 390 today. The final count awaited delayed reports of accident deaths which occurred up to midnight Sunday. It started at 6 o'clock (local time) New Year's Eve. Although it appeared possible the final total would reach the National Safety Council's estimate, indications were the final toll would be under the record i!rc to11 of ?09Jr a New Year i n0Ilaay period. That mark was posted in a four-day period at the end of 1956 and the start of 1957 The Council noted the swift pace of deaths on the highways Sun- !da' as the homeward rush of mo. torists reached the peak of travel. The upturn was similar to the toll on New Year's Day after a relatively safe start. Wreather was a big factor in the count. Many accidents were attributed to the snow and ice-slicked highways. But the hazardous driving conditions also result- in keeping many Sunday driv- ers at home. The bitter cold weather throughout many areaSthe legislation is fair and reason-also was responsible for the 'able. lighter traffic. GROTEWOHL SEES NASSER CAIRO (JP) Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl Germanv of Communist and President1 East Gamal Abdul Nasser of the United Arab Republic met for the first 1 time Sunday. J Grotewohl is making his first visit to a non-Communist country! as Premier of the Soviet satellite, His visit is unique in that the U.A. R. and East (rermany have no Idiplomatic relations. I Soviet Rocket Continues Its Headlong Dash Towards Solar Orbit; Radio Signals M J'' ! &W ! Parents Of Kidnaped Baby-JSV rr;"k Chionchio, whose daughter was kidnaped from a Brooklyn, N. hospital a few hours after she was born. It is believed that the infant was taken from the hospital by a bleached-blonde woman. FBI agents have joined in the search for the kidnaper. Hunt Bleached Blonde In Infant's New Soviet Rocket Given Name Mechta' MOSCOW (JP) The Soviet scientific writer Alexander Ka-zantsev today gave the name "Mechta" dream to the cosmic rocket. Muscovites, in their first enthusiasm over the rocket, began calling it Lunik a combination of Sputnik and Luna for Moon-last Saturday. Kazantsev, writing in the official party newspaper Pravda, listed other planets and said: "Now the small planet Mechta has joined this family. Who knows but sometime in the next millenium a starship from the Communist earth will go up to celebrate this anniversary of the conquest of the universe, will approach the orbit of Mechta closely and the fliers of the future will raise their helmets to greet space envoys from the land of socialism." U. S.-Canadian Talks To Open OTTAWA (AP) Top U. S. and Canadian officials open annual talks tonight aimed at reducing friction that could hurt their seven billion dollars worth of across-the-border trade, a world high for any two countries. Secretary of State Dulles was to lead the group of high U.S. officials due at nearby Uplands Airport this afternoon for meetings with Canadian officials headed by Finance Minister Donald M. Homing. Dulles and his companions likely are after assurances that Canada won't be using her new tough antidumping laws to discriminate against U.S. textiles and other exports. The United States has already lodged formal protests, charging that the new laws enacted last yetr are a breach of Canada's international trade obligations. Canada's conservative administration has rejected the protests, arguing With Canada holding a strong bargaining lever in the antidumping laws, the four-man Canadian ministerial team is likely to seek American concessions in oil, lead a nd zinc, and wheat. Reductions in U.S. oil import curbs affecting Canada are antici- pated, but no early easing of lead 'and zinc import quotas is seen. The Canadian group is expected' day and the two-foot square safe to seek assurances also that the 'gone. j United States will keep clear of : commercial marKcis wun nerw- -jr wheat giveaways. Kidnaping NEW YORK (AP) - Mr. and Mrs. Frank Chionchio waited anxiously, hopefully, prayerfully for some news today of their kidnaped newborn daughter. A city shared their anxiety, their hope, their prayers. An intense, agonizing search by police and FBI agents continued for the missing infant. She was taken from a fourth-floor nursery of St. Peter's Hospital in Brooklyn Friday night, only 2Vi hours after birth. "There are no leads," Det. Chief Jtmes B. Leggett said Sunday. Police and private citizens were on the alert for a heavy-set bleached blonde believed to be the kidnaper. She was seen Moitering ir. the hospital before the kidnaping. Transportation employes kept an especially watchful lookout. San Francisco police sent here a description of a woman who took a baby from Mt. Zion Hospital there three years ago. The description fitted the woman seen at St. Peter's. The California woman was identified as Mrs. Betty Jean Bene-dicto, 31, who is wanted for parole violation. She lost a baby in 1D45 and was unable to have more. She took a baby in 1955 from a bassinet in a maternity ward the same manner in which the Chionchio child's abductor operated. The California baby was left with a priest nine days after the kidnaping. The father of the Chionchio baby, a "28-year-old lawyer for the Port of New York Authority, again appealed for return of the baby Sunday. He said: "We beg of you, please, please return her so that the little girl can have the care that such an infant needs, and we ask you again to think of the sorrow and heartbreak of the mother. "She begs you in the name of our Lord Jesus to have mercy on us. "We have no hatred foi you. Our only thought is for the child and its safety." The baby weighed seven pounds when born Friday night to Mrs. Chionchio, 26. Mrs. Chionchio, who has one other child, Gerardette, one, remained in St. Peter's. Doctors described her as "very upset." MINUS SAFE PHILADELPHIA (JP) - Council- man T jiii i s Srhwartz nnened his real estate office for business to- day without his safe. Up. said the safe contained $11.-' ,500 in cash and savings bonds. Burglars apparently carted it off i over the weekend. A clerk, Leroyi Johnson, found a foor forced It fm I'PAlin O'illlff!! Vlllill'V7 On Soviet Cosmic Rocket I5y THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 'pines, newspapers generally Asia's Communists went all out played down the rocket story, today to reap a propaganda vie- There was no editorial comment, tory from the Soviet cosmic but the de-emphasis in Seoul was rocket. ;interpeted as a reflection of feel- "The East Wind is prevailing in ing by the pro-Western press that both cosmic space and the world," the United Stales suffered a set-crowed Peiping radio. back in the race into outer space. The propaganda obviously was' Hong Kong's Communist press aimed at Asia's underdeveloped splashed Western agency reports countries. ,of the rocket with editorial claims Stories of the Soviet rocket were that the United States cannot given wide display in newspapers, match the Soviet achievement. Some, reflecting pro - Western: Tokyo's Yomiuri printed a car-sentiment, soft - pedaled them, toon showing a pajama-clad Pres-Others viewed the event as a sue- ident Eisenhower picking up his cessful "mistake", declaring the morning paper from the front Soviets really intended to hit the porch and musing: "I wonder moon but miscalculated. iwhat the Russians are up to to- Peiping radio reported wide- day." Cease Goes Estimated 370,960 Miles In 62 Hours of Flight From Earth MOSCOW (AP)-The Soviet Union's cosmic rocket continued its headlong dash toward a solar orbit today in man's greatest conquest of space. Its radio signals ceased as tha lVa-ton device now called Mechta (dream) went past an estimated 370,960 miles in its plunge away from the earth. It had then been in flight 62 hours. Resources for feeding the radio equipment had become exhausted, the Soviet news agency Tass said. "The program of observations and scientific investigations of the rocket has been completed," an announcement said. This predicted the rocket will finally enter an orbit around the . sun Wednesday or Thursday. Mechta is due to take 15 months to go around the sun, traveling elliptically. The Russians calculate this orbit would have a maximum diameter of 2W.i million miles. The rocket would get no nearer the sun than 91Vi million miles. The sun averages 93 million miles from earth. The name Mechta was applied to the rocket today by Pravda the Communist party newspaper. When it was announced last Saturday that the rocket was neaded toward the moon, it was called Lunik, a combination of Luna (moon) and Sputnik. Scientists here figured that it was travelling at a maximum speed of 1.52 miles a second when it passed the moon Sunday at a distance of 4,700 miles. Results of radio transmissions between the rocket and ground stations will be published as soon as they are analyzed, Tass said. The 62 hours of radio communication enabled observations to be made of the rocket's movements, and on the work of the scientific instrunicnts aboard. The actual number of days that will be required for the solar orbit will be 447, scientists said. This is 82 more than it takes the earth to go around the sun. Dr. G. M. Clemenee, scientific director of the U. S. Naval Observatory in Washington, said that some time in March or February the earth will pass between the rocket and the sun. The earth has an elliptical orbit around the sun, the same as the rocket will have, but it is tighter. It takes the earth only 12 months to make the full swing. (Continued on Page 2) Strike-Lockout Closes Markets LOS ANGELES (AP) Labor and management have agreed to organize subcommittees to attempt to settle the Los Angeles food market strike-lockout today. It was the first such joint announcement in six weeks of negotiations. After bargaining failed to achieve agreement, the Retail Clerks Union called a token strike New Year's Day against one market. In retaliation, the Food Employers Council shut 1,000 Los Angeles markets where the contract with clerks had expired. The markets handle 70 per cent of the food sold in Los Angeles. Shoppers faced long lines in independent and family-operated markets not affected by the tieup. Main issue in negotiations is wages, but other details have stymied wage talks. The clerks demand a 82.4 cent hourly wage-and-benefits package in a five-year contract. Employers have offered a 50-cent package. Experienced clerks earned ?J.ol) an hour under the old contract. About 5,000 workers in allied Sun-!fields such as butchering and food processing were expected to be laid off because of the shutdown. 1 . J . I

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