Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on June 28, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Friday, June 28, 1963
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A Golgsbafg ,J ^fljjW^glJr.C ^.lc$burg Prl.. June 28, 1963 ^ fwl 13*ii!5 M,M CI,arles Can't Solve All Integration Problems EDITORIAL Comment and Review Why Boredom? We've been all through it again and again. The teen-agers are bored. They have no challenges, no useful conflicts. They get into trouble because, whatever else it is, trouble is excitement. New studies are underscoring anew that this empty, aimless habit of life is as much a fact among well-off youngsters with cars and money as it is with poor lads roaming the streets. There has been enough fuss about the educationally underprivileged, the school dropout, the product of the broken city home, to focus attention on this phase of the matter. Action, of course, is still meager. But the problem at higher economic levels seems to be dismissed as so much fantasy. The overprivileged youngsters in suburban families resort to vandalism, thievery, drink and a variety of other passing excitements— while parents pile on the kindly favors. Little that is wholesome, innocent fun has any appeal these days for the more energetic, aggressive young ones. Sports, dancing, you name it—these things are regarded as "tame." In a New York Times survey of suburban youth, one boy said: "Yes, some kids drink. Maybe they do it to forget about things." At 16, what is that they have to forget? The memory of the emptiness of yesterday? The time of growing up used to be thought of as filled with its own natural excitements- developing one's bodily skills, exploring the world of animals and trees, opening the book of knowledge wide for the first time. Fortunately, millions of American youngsters still find these wonders along the adolescent trail. But too many do not. They are proud of being more mature than their counterparts of a generation ago. But they have lost their innocence while finding nothing to replace it. There is nothing new in saying what is part of painful truth—that overindulgent parents must bear heavy blame for this. But the youngsters themselves cannot be absolved. If they are mature enough to be half-adults, half-children, they arc mature enough to understand they need something better to tie into than tomorrow's "kicks." We hear a lot these days about the "hidden America,"* the 30 to 40 million people spread about in city slums, hill country, dying farms, who live in distress, disease, oppression and ignorance. THE MAILBOX . . . Letters To The Editor Pleasant Summer Is Possible For Youngsters Editor, Register-Mail: Summer is vacation time for most of our school children. Some of the older ones may he working, and some of those under 16 are controlled by the child labor law. There are vacation Bible schools in June, and also some in August. There are church camps from these various denominations, and prices are reasonable. Our YMCA has a real nice program mapped out for summer. There ;ue bicycle hikes, usual activities at the Y (lining the day camp and the camp at Shau- bena. It would be wonhwhilc for any boj' to take intcivst along these lines. The Junior Chamber of Commerce is sponsoring a rec reational program for children at various school grounds. Library facilities are also available for six weeks at tho .schools, and the public library has excellent materials. Older children should have worthwhile hobbies which would help in school work in the fall. Pen pals can be found in this country or abroad. Ross have the little leagues. Taking part in some of these things helps pass the time in a good way, while some children are breaking the law or even a minor fraction of it by riding two on a bicycle, playing in the streets, maybe breaking bottles and littering the streets or persons' properties. These could find something better to do, or have their parents see that they do. This would make a pleasant summer for all.— Mildred Fulton. times when my heart was burdened with the cares of the day and sorrow, I have found in that one scripture just the comfort and cheer that I needed most. God has so often used that scripture to strengthen me for my day. It has been worth more than the price of the paper to me. Of course I can and do read my Bible. But that one scripture was like a ray of light in a dark place, just to find it after, reading so many unpleasant things that is "news" those days. I am at fault for not writing sooner for I've missed that scripture verse each and every time since you began leaving it out of your paper. Please do print the scripture verse each day to comfort and cheer and lead us on our way. The Word of God is the world's greatest need. Don't fail us.—Mrs. W. R. Quarterman. Editor's Note: See "From the Past, For the Present." Seeks Support ] ; 'or Existing By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NBA) ~ New York City's experience with its Commission on Mergroup Relations — COIR — offers pointed case histories on how efforts to foster and achieve integration work out. New York is the most polygot city in the world with a population of over eight million. It has Jew* ish, Negro, Puerto Rican and many European minorities whose complex problems make the racial relationships of most American communities simple by comparison. In addition, New York is headquarters for the United Nations, where representatives from many of tho 100 countries have found they are not always welcome as neighbors or in restaurants and other public places. DR. ALFRED J. MARROW, COIR's first director and author of the new, award-winning book, "Changing Patterns in Prejudice," found that many of the problems tackled by his group and other welfare agencies did not always work out as planned. New York state's housing Integration law, for instance, has not ended segregation. But since its passage, the law has given formerly restricted minorities added self-respect. Dr. Marrow explained it this way m an interview: "It enabled a colored mother to tell her wondering children, 'Yes, we can live anywhere we want to. It's just that Daddy can't get a job that pays enough money for us to move into a better flat.' That satisfies childish pride on one point, though it raises another problem." What frequently happened when colored families moved into integrated housing developments, says Marrow, is that the whites simply moved out. What had been solidly white apartments soon became solidly Negro or Puerto Rican. The idea of reserving some of the apartments for white families was suggested, to force mixing. But this was rejected by the minority groups, which didn't want mixing by plan or quota. "PEOPLE Of THE SAME ethnic background like to live near each other," explains Marrow. "So there are voluntary segregated communities all over New York. They are cultural islands. They are not ghettoes, because the people who inhabit them can get out if they want to. Compulsory integration to a kind of checkerboard pattern isn't what these groups want. First, they want better housing. "Harlem Negroes don't necessarily want to live with whites. They want to live with other Negroes. Even the more successful, higher class Negroes who call themselves 'middle class* — doctors, lawyers, professional people and businessmen — want to con* tinue living in Harlem where their patients, clients and customers live. They don't want to move to Westchester." Viewed in this light, Integration may not cause the complete revolution in livihg standards some people have feared. The question of integrated education h? something else. "The problem is how to accelerate the Supreme Court mandate for 'deliberate speed' in integration"' Marrow believes. One thing that has to be done is give Negro children better teaching services until they catch up. This means special tutoring. It means more exposure to culture. It means smaller classes. Says Marrow: "That means more money. New York City estimated that cutting average class size by one child and giving remedial reading courses with other aids for just two years might cost a third more per child.'* Most states and local communities can't meet these extra costs. It is therefore considered likely that any moves toward faster school integration will put increased pressure on the drive for more federal aid to the states for public school education. < ANOTHER LIKELY DEVELOPMENT, Marrow believes, is the possibility of more school segre- g a t i o n developing voluntarily, even after integration is imposed by law or order. This happened in Baltimore, whioh put through what Was considered a model school integration plan. The whiles simply moved. They were afraid integration would lower educational averages. "Don't confuse what can be done by law," warns Marrow in conclusion, "with what can't be done bylaw." What Can Soviets Teach About Agriculture? By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON, June 27 — Squash-playing Orville Freeman is not one who easily accepts defeat. When Minnesota voters gave him the boot in 1960, lame duck Gov. Freeman went into seclusion, and did not come out until he was named secretary of agriculture by President Kennedy. When farmers from coast to coast turned thumbs down on his control-laden "solution" to the nation's farm problem six weeks ago, Freeman decided to get away from it all. He will leave a fortnight hence for a month-long working vacation behind the Iron Curtain. THE STOCKY, bespectacled secretary will lead a team of eight advisers into Moscow on July 13. From there he will tour the Soviet Union, Poland, Rumania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia, and "take a careful thorough look" at farm methods in a collectivized society. Freeman will learn one thing: Soviet agriculture is a colossal flop. Little more than six months ago, Nikita Khrushchev announced that Nikolai G. Ignatov had been fired as deputy premier. Ignatov is only the latest in a long succession of "experts" who have been unable to make collectivized agriculture work. One of this country's leading experts on Soviet farming explains why. "You can read hundreds of pages of Soviet bilge on agronomical trivia," says Prof. Demitri Shimkin of the University of Illinois, "and find no recognition that agriculture is done by human beings." Drunks and other misfits have been appointed to key jobs in Soviet agricultural planning, says Shimkin. "Illegal coercion of the peasantry, ' venality, incompetence and dishonesty have often been noted." THE ABJECT FAILURE of collectivized agriculture can be seen from the following statistics. While the overwhelming majority of Soviet farmers work on collectivized farms, 50 percent of the milk, 47 percent of the meat, 82 percent of the eggs, and 62 percent of the potatoes are supplied by a comparative handful of private farmers who have but four percent of the country's crop land. Soviet "planners" have been unable to mechanize collectivized agriculture. Not only is machinery in short supply; it is poorly maintained. It is often left out in the open to rust throughout the severe Russian winter. Neglect of machinery has in fact become such a problem that it was made a criminal offense. There are chronic shortages of spare parts and it is often easier to buy new implements. The Soviet press at harvest time is filled with reports of breakdowns in badly-needed farm machinery. IN 1959, for instance, when the Soviet Union had considerable trouble harvesting the grain crop in Kazakhstan, 32,000 combines and 11,000 reapers were not in use in that region. At least 18,000 tractors could not be used because they needed repairs.' Consumption of electricity on Soviet farms is less than one- third of that on American farms. And, a? Khrushchev has said, "one cannot demand high productivity of labor and hack corn, with an axe." Note: The Freeman jaunt is reminiscent of one taken last summer by Interior Secretary SteWt Udall. The 10 most efficient power-generating establishments in the world are located in this country. Rather than visit them, however, Freeman toured the Soviet Union to learn "as much as we can and see as much as we can. We have so much to learn from your Soviet specialists in this field." THE DOCTOR SAYS The Almanac QUOTES FROM THE DAY'S NEWS Body's Chemical Controls Ride Herd on Acidity By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Written for Newspaper Enterprise Assn. Comfort Found In Reading Bible Verse Editor, Register-Mail: I've been reading your paper for many years and I like it. When I've been away from home and read newspaper:; in other cities, I've never seen one that had such a good editorial page. Thanks. This is the first time that I've ever written to complain. To me the bcit pan of yo,ir paper was the verse from the Bible, iiasy K Baseball Leagues Editor, Register-Wail: Don't misunderstand me, I think baseball is great, but 1 am writing about the collegiate league being started. I think parents in Galesburg should pay more attention to our Babe Ruth and Connie Mack teams before they back boys from out of town. When a boy is in college, his life is pretty well formed, but the boys in our local leagues are from 13 to 19 and should come first. Too many parents want their boys to play baseball but don't take the time to go out and root them on. If a boy is out playing baseball or any sport, he isn't going to be out fighting, stealing or playing chicken with sharp knives. If they don't have the proper guidance now, some of them won't be able to go to any college except the College of Hard Knocks.— Mrs. B. J. Durbin. A SCOOPFl'L NEW YOKE (LTD—Americans will consume 500 million gallons of ice cream in 1963, one maker of ice cream containers predicts. Q—I have a great deal of acid in my system. I have been told that the acid in tomatoes, peaches, and strawberries is injurious to me. What is your 1 opinion? A—There has always been a great deal of confusion about acidity. The gastric juice is normally strongly acid. In fact, when it is no longer acid you really have something to worry about. When the normally acid stomach contents are regurgitated into the esophagus, you have heartburn and, if it gets all the way back to the mouth, you have water brash. On the other hand, the acidity of.the blood is kept amazingly constant by means of complicated chemical controls that rarely go out of balance. An exception would be severe and uncontrolled diabetes, in which a true acidosis may occur. Soiu- or tart foods such as those mentioned have an alkalinizing or acid-neutralizing effect on the blood because, when completely consumed, the ash is alkaline. The chief source of acid in the blood is the high protein component of the diet (meat, eggs, and cheese). If the foods you mention are really upsetting you — and only your doctor can determine that — it would be because you have an allergy to them. Q—Eight years ago I had an eye infection called "uveitis," and lost the sight of my left eye. What could have caused it? A—The uvea is the layer of blood vessels that lies just under the white of the eye. Its visible portion is the iris, the colored membrane that determines your eye color and how much light enters the eye. An acute inflammation of the uvea is always serious, as it usually results in some loss of vision. The cause is usually either an acute injury to the eye or an infection. Chronic uveitis may be caused by tuberculosis, venereal disease, rheumatic fever, gout, or diabetes. The treatment would depend on the cause. Q—I read recently about a medicine for metabolic obesity. It is called tri-iodotliyronine. Is it on the market yet? What are its side effects? A—This drug is available only on a doctor's prescription. The trade name is Cytomel. It is used primarily for persons whose thyroid does not put out enough secretion (persons with hypothyroidism*, or who have simple goiter. It is also used to treat metabolic inefficiency which is characterized by easy fatigability, dryness of the hair and skin, obesity, irri­ tability, emotional instability, in^ tolerance of cold, vague aches and pains, and facial puffiness. The drug should not be used to relieve these symptoms unless it can be shown that they are associated wifti a low basal metabolic rate. The side effects, which are especially severe in persons with a normal metabolic rate, include rapid-pounding heart action, profuse sweating, headache, and nervous excitement. These side effects disappear promptly when the drug is stopped. Please send your questions and comments to Dr. Wayne G. Brandstadt, M.D., in care of this paper. While Dr. Brandstadt cannot answer individual letters, he will answer letters of general interest in future columns. By United Press International Today is Friday, June 28, the 179th day of 1963 with 186 to follow. The moon is in its first quarter. The morning stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening star is Mars. Those born today include American composer Richard Rodgers, in 1902. On this day in history: In 1902, the United States bought the uncompleted Panama Canal from France. In 1914, the spark that fired World War I was ignited when a Serbian fanatic assassinated the archduke of Austria-Hungary. In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in France, ending World War I. In 1945, Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced the reconquest of Luzon in the Philippines. A thought for the day—French poet, Charles Baudelaire wrote: "To be a great man and a saint for oneself, that is the one important thing." (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International SAN FRANCISCO — Sen. Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz., addressing the national Young Republican convention: "It is the moral bankruptcy of the liberal politicians which is causing the young people to move toward the Republican party. They are the reactionaries. They haven't had a new idea for 30 years." Kennedy, addressing a crowd at the city hall: "We are in the most climactic period in the most difficult and dangerous struggle in the history of the world." CORK, Ireland — President LONDON — Party girl Christine Keeler, testifying at the vice trial of Dr. Stephen Ward about gifts she received from men: "One of the men (John Profu- mo) who gave me presents did give me some money but not for myself. It was for my mother." Crossword Puzzzle Breakfast Answer to Previous Puzzle ACROSS 1 Virginia 4 r- and eggs 9 Biscuits with 12 Prefix 13 Girl's name 14 Top card 15 coffee 16 Small carnivore 21 Feminine name 17 Sherbet 23 Governed by 118 Market place habit < 20 Surfaced, as a 24 Private eye sink 27 DescbampsU 1 22 Woman's name tree 24 Church councils 29 Like 5 Brew' 6 Century (ah) 7 Unit 8 Snappily dressed 9 Prison warden 10 Assent 11 Rewards 19 Arikaran Indian The Portuguese explorers who colonized Brazil found no native civilizations upon which to build a new society as had their Spanish counterparts in Peru and other countries on the west coast of South America. On the east coast, Indians were few. Rather than resist, the natives retreated, leaving the invaders to settle at widely scattered points along the narrow coastal plain. FTr ^Past; Present You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. — Exodus 20:16. • * • Never throw mud. You may miss your mark, but you must have dirty hands. —Joseph Parker. REMINISCING Of Bygone Years FIFTY YEARS AGO Saturday, June 28, 1913 Galesburg Knights of Columbus defeated their lodge brothers from Macomb in a baseball game by the score of 3-2. Residents of the northwest part of Galesburg were pleased because a new electric light was installed at the corner of West and Water streets. TWENTY YEARS AGO Monday, June 28 ,1943 Newly elected of Galesburg Commandery, No. 8, Knights of Templar, took over their new duties for the first time at a meeting , of the organization in Masonic Temple. Members of the Knox County Country Club held a bridge party at Lake Bracken. i 25 Direction 26 Pigeon pea 28 Exist 29 Farewell 31 Pancakes and 32 Candlenut tree 35 Feline 36 Peer curiously 39 Egg dish 41 Brave men 44 Heats, as wine 45 Crisp 46 Labor group (ab.) 47 Extracted 61 Southern college (ab.) 52 Boy's nickname 53 Musical drama 54 Small child 85 Pen 66 Songs of joy (var.) 67 Edge of snip's plank: DOWN 1 Sunken roads 2 Culmination S Engines 4 Started 30 Preposition 32 Ornament 33 Tune 40 Legally prohibit 34 Entire 42 Small beaten 36 Golf expert 43 Meditate 87 Baked meats 48 Simian 38 Man who agrees 49 Parrot 39 Leaves out 50 Sea bird 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 B 9 10 rr 12 13 14 15 (6 • 17 18 19 vST r Hi. — r* * | 29 27 to 29 30 31 w 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 1 w 40 4Tj 44 4T 45 46 4T 43 49 50 51 52 53 54" & 56 57 it NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN. (Jalesburg Itegfster-Mail Now You Know By United Press International The Hawaiian Islands contain more than 400 beef cattle ranches, one of which is said to be the second largest in the nation, according to the American Geographical Society, Can't Speak That One LOUISVILLE, Ky. <AF) — Jimmy Wong knows how to campaign for office: appeal to the voters hi as many languages as possible. The Seneca High School sophomore, running for vice president of the Student College, decorated the school halls with posters in English, Spanish, German, French and Latin. No Chinese, though. The youngster speaks all these languages but is a little weak on Chinese, even though his parents use Chinese fluently. The multiple-tongue campaign paid off: Jimmy won. Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER _ Register-Mail exchange 348-611 Entered is Second Class Matter at ths Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under \ct of Congress of March 3. 1879. Daily except Sunday. SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in Oty of Galesburg 35c • Week. By RED mail in our retail trading atone: 1 Year 610.00 9 Month* S3 JO 6 Months 6 6.00 I Monti) t!4H Ethel Custer SchmiUu-.—Publisher Charles Morrow — .-__.„£ditor M- H. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New Voile, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAUOiT" CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AJP news dispatches. No mail subscriptions accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier in retail trading IOWT outside City of Galeeburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone 1 year 813.00 3 Month* 63.76 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month tlj6 By mail outside Illinois. low* and Missouri 1 year Sltt.00 3 Months $5.00 6 Months $ 9-50 I Month $2.00 1

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