Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on April 30, 1974 · Page 7
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April 30, 1974

Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 7

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Carroll, Iowa
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Tuesday, April 30, 1974
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Page 7
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Rest Areas Cost Up to $400,000 By Debbie Dugan (Drake University Journalism Studoi nil DES MOINES - The state of Iowa now spends between $350,000 and $400.000 to construct each new "pair" of interstate highway rest areas. Although the amount may vary with the physical features of the land area, this approximation represents the costs involved in the total development of an area, including such standard items as water well excavation, building picnic table shelters, lighting, paving parking areas. In 1966 the first of these pairs was opened in Adair County and cost $40.000 for the 'building alone. The newest pair, located on Interstate 380 south of Cedar Rapids, cost $63,721 per building. An additional set is now under construction near Pacific Junction on Interstate 29. Ultimately, another pair will be located north of Cedar Rapids upon completion of Interstate 380 to Waterloo. Any future construction is questionable, however. "There has been some criticism of the rest area's proximity to each other." said Con Wendell. Iowa Highway Commission spokesman in Ames. "The legislature feels maybe we're spending too much and putting up a few too many." Iowa's interstate system, properly known as "defense highways." was built with 90 per cent federal and 10 per cent state funds, but both the roads and the rest areas are entirely maintained by the Highway Commission. There are currently 35 rest stops — all but one located in pairs approximately 35 miles apart. Each site is a minimum of 12 acres in area. It is estimated that the utilities needed to operate each location is equivalent to the amount used by a town with a population of 150. The motto of "form following function" was closely adhered to by the commission when designing the "relatively inexpensive buildings" which require little maintenance — two of the commission's goals, according to Wendell. "I think it's probably the finest piece of public relations that the state of Iowa has ever done," he said. "Other states obviously feel likewise." he added, noting the increasing , number of similar facilities in other parts of the country. Iowa was among the first states to build such rest areas. Unlike rest areas in Kansas, which resemble wigwams, or those in New Mexico, which are patterned after adobe houses, Iowa's facilities were not designed to conform to a particular state feature. The state has gained nationwide attention because each rest area has been modified for easier access by handicapped travelers. The height of the curbing has been reduced to accommodate wheelchairs, all doors are at least three feet wide, and support bars have been installed in toilet areas for added convenience. Originally, each facility was equipped with a registration desk to record visitor's reactions and comments. One of the first criticisms cited was lack of shade. "When you start building out in the middle of the country, you don't find many shade trees, so we planted those which would mature rapidly." Wendell explained. "Later, we also placed canopies over most of our picnic tables. This was one thing that the public wanted.' Barbeque grills, playground equipment, exercise areas for pets and travel trailer sanitary dumping stations have been added at many facilities in response to the public's suggestions. ' Comment cards are no longer available since the commission believes the reactions received have long since run the gamut of possibilities. Besides, most of the comments were overwhelmingly favorable, Wendell said. Unfortunately, the state's modern facilities have not been free from vandalism and sheer carelessness. The damage varies considerably from one area to another and often runs in "seasons." with summer neglect more frequent than during other months of the year. Also, it is difficult to determine in many instances whether the damage is the result of wear and tear or actual vandalism. Mirrors and windows have been Times Herald, Carroll, la. Tuesday, April 30, 1974 Project Independence forecasts Domestic production 50 Energy: The Growing Choices for the U.S. How much energy Ford Foundation alternative growth rates 200 • l'o''>BUI"..- ,-.,. . HISTORIC 160 120 ZERO 40 O.L broken. toilets and air dryers damaged and water faucets left open. Although there is never a large amount of damage in any one rest area, the frequency of it is "frustrating" to maintenance crews. "We're providing a nice service to the public and we'd like to have them respect it." Wendell said. •'Some segments of the public are inclined to be careless with anything that's 'free.'" Hv Iowa Ihiih Pri'ss Association Iowa Bookshelf Edited By Mary Ann Riley ALIVE: The Story of the Andes Survivors. By Piers Paul Read. (Lipoincott $10.00) The eminent young British novelist Read was chosen as official chronicler by the band of young Uruguayans who survived a plane crash in the Andes in 1972. In the tradition of the new journalism, without departing from the facts. Read uses a novelist's insight to characterize these young rugby players, to indicate the d-apth of their common Catholic faith, and to explain the most notorious aspect of their survival — cannibalism. The ordeal contained such dramatic and tragic aspects that despite worldwide knowledge of the final outcome. Read has no difficulty in sustaining suspense throughout. The reader endures with the boys their awareness that all official rescue efforts were soon abandoned, that they had virtually no food. Their only hope lay in making their own escape; the only available sustenance was the flesh of their companions who died in the crash. Faith, courage and determination and the will of the leaders who emerged among them saved the lives of the sixteen who survived. This is a remarkable book about a stranger-than-fiction event. — Mary Ann Riley WHILE IT IS DAY: An Autobiography. By Elton We would like to set your home afire... with color! Color is the big news in decorating today. Choose one key color, and follow through with it in your floors, walls, fabrics. Here at your Floor Fashion Center™ is where you can see it all put together— the bold, new designs in floors . .. with wallcoverings and fabrics that mix, match, and coordinate. Stop in today. (Armstrong floor fashion o BIERL'S PARKWAY FURNITURE Carroll, Iowa—East Edge of Carroll on Highway 30 Open SUNDAY 1-5. Also open Wed. & Frl. evening* till 9 p.m. — Charge Itl Use Bierl's Revolving Credit Plan. No Down Payment. Trueblood. (Harper & Row, $5.95) Why does one write an autobiography? In this case Dr. Trueblood seems to want to express his pride in his ancestry and to give credit to the many teachers and friends who have influenced his life. This book will be especially interesting to lowans because Dr. Trueblood's ancestors were early settlers of the early Quaker community of Ackworth. He received his education at the Indianola High School and Penn College, with graduate study at Brown University. Through his extensive travels he met many interesting persons, teachers end ministers as well as the p'eoples of the countries he visited. Dr. Trueblood is an eighth generation Quaker who K.as taught and studied in school of other denominations but has remained a Quaker. — (ienevieve Spaulding SWEET REASON. By Robert Littell. (Houghton Mifflin,$5.95) This is another novel which z.ttempts, through black Humor and satire, to portray the military service, in this case the Navy, as mostly cretins and philistines. Certainly there is enough valid material in an honest portrayal of military experience to give rise to novels of criticism, without doing violence to one's credence. This novel has all the set characters aboard the destroyer in the South Seas, a Captain is an egomaniac, the Sailors speak only four-letter words, and of course the Southern Congressman who visits the ship has the usual Hollywood southern accent and is only interested in having his picture taken in a dummy'combat scene. In spite of the author's intentions, the novel is neither believable nor humorous, and will not appeal to any who believe in fair treatment, even for those in service. — R. Choate GONE THE RAINBOW, GONE THE DOVE. By Joan Bagnel. (Trident Press, $8.95) Here is a poetically written historical novel about early twentieth century Ireland. The author learned of the Irish Republican army from her immigrant father and grandfather. Thus, she can create unforgettable characters in Margaret, Jamie and Jerry. Their loves, their hatreds and their part in the ongoing wars are extremely moving. The dialogue in the book is exceptional and high drama abounds. You see and hear the Insh people and live with them through their centuries-old agonies. All your senses will be touched in this thoroughly readable book which also goes far to explain tho Irish temerament. —Jean Lcdwick —lly NKA/l.ondnn Kcnnnmlst News Service NEW YORK - "Exploring Energy Choices", the preliminary report published by the Ford Foundation, does at least one very useful thing: it shows that America is not in an "energy straitjacket" from which it can escape only through Project Independence, the Administration's program to make America capable of self-sufficiency in energy by 1980. This goal, as the outgoing director of the Federal Energy Office, William Simon, readily admits, is somewhat optimistic. The strategy is to reduce the rate of growth in demand for energy from 3.6 to 2 per cent a year and increase the rate of growth in energy production from an average of 3 per cent a year over the past 10 years to 4.7 per cent, so bringing demand and supply into balance. Demand would be pushed down by allowing prices to rise and by a variety of programs to conserve energy, including better insulation of buildings, better public transport, cars doing more miles to the gallon and a number of energy saving recycling processes. Supply would be pushed up by mining twice as much coal as at present and abandoning some clean air standards, increasing the production of oil and gas, mainly offshore and in Alaska, building more nuclear power stations and developing new sources of energy such as oil shale, solar and geothermal heat, as well as inventing satifactory techniques for coal gasification and liquefaction. In launching Project Independence, President Nixon asked Americans to achieve its goal by responding to the challenge as successfully as they had done in other tight corners with Project Manhattan and Project Apollo. This sounded splendid after the Arab oil embargo had underlined the fact that no longer can the country supply its own vital needs. That sacrifices would be required, Mr. Nixon made clear, but there has been almost discussion of the problems that success might bring. Now the Ford Foundation report gives a much-needed critical perspective. It describes the policy of cutting back imports to nothing as "simplistic overreaction." More important, it points out that the generally accepted objectives of energy policy are often incompatible. Assuring security of supply, for example, is not conducive to promoting the kind of international co-operation that might help in tackling the energy problem. It is also not compatible with minimizing the cost of energy to society, which in turn is difficult to reconcile with safesafeguarding the environment or avoiding regional inequalities, expensive — Middle East oil is at least cheap to produce — while as the general argument shows it could also threaten environmental standards and encourage international selfishness. The report also makes the point that there are more ways of approaching'the energy problem than Project Independence. It selects three.• First, if the use of energy continues to grow at the same rate as during the past 10 years, the costs would be enormous. If the rate is halved, through conservation and energy-saving technology, there need be little change in the way of life and no reduction in living standards. The third alternative supposes virtually no energy growth as all, but this would mean a very different society. Although the report claims to be no more than a framework for thinking about energy policy, it is still open to many criticisms. The president of the Mobil Oil Buy Land for a Hospital Site RED OAK. Iowa (AP) Thirty-seven acres of land north of town have been purchased for a hospital site. The land was purchased by trustees of Murphy Memorial Hospital for $100,000 from Mr. and Mrs. Leonard H. Nelson. A spokesman said there are no immediate plans for reloca tion. Bids will be opened Wednesday for a 3,500 square foot addition to the present hospital. Corporation, a member of the even the first alternative There is indeed endless tn e rist of making advisory board, commented would in fact involve drastic sc °P e for ar gument about the far-reaching choices about that since the rate of energy reductions in energy use and re P° rt - If it sparks off a lively energy without understanding growth has been almost 5 per that hardhsip would be debate, Americans will owe their implications would then st throe ears unavoidable. quite a debt to its authors, for °e much reduced. cent over the last throe years unavoidable. 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