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Ventura County Star from Ventura, California • 1

Ventura, California
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nturGoun ty- WEATHER Clear today, tonight and Thursday. Slightly warmer. Locally windy coastal passes and in mountains. TO SUBSCRIBERS Phone MI 3-9901 before 6:15 if vour newspaper has not 'ern delivered. EIGHTIETH YEAR, No.

53 (20 PAGES TODAY) VENTURA (Official Name San Buenaventura), WEDNESDAY, JN. 12 1955 TWO SECTIONS SINGLE COPY PUKE. II VE CENTS Knight Propose 139 Persons Escape Death In Four Plane Accidents Plane Strafes Costa Rican Capital City SAN JOSE, Costa Rica. (j An air raider described as a Venezuelan pursuit plane which came from Nicaragua" machine gunned San Jose today and then was shut down by antiaircraft fire, the civil guard announced. The raider, which looked like the American-built IM7 Thunderbolt of World War II vintage, buzzed the dow ntow area of this capital citv and loosed machine gun bursts at a residential sector.

The attack came ns government troops battled in the north to clear a rebel band estimat'd between 40 and 100 men from the Villa Qivesnda area, about midway between San Jo.sp and the Costa Btoan Nicaragua frontier. The plane was climbing rapidly as it passed the Nan Jose airp'ort control tower. A lumbering I)( 3 of the airlines, armed with machine-guns in its side doors, took off in pursuit. A civil guard communique said the raider was downed by antiarcraft artillery and 11 in a river near Liberia, a town about 100 miles northwest of San Jose. Though the plane aoproachcd San Jose from the south, the command said it came from a Nicaraguan airfield.

By UNITED PRESS QNE hundred and 39 persons, including 69 paratroopers and airforce men who bailed out of Plying Boxcars, have escaped death in four near plane tragedies. The most spectacular of the widely-scattered mishaps yesterday occurred near Nashville, and Miles City, when the air was dotted with paratroopers drifting down from stricken C-119 Flying Boxcars. In another crackup, a giant United Airlines DC-7 blew all four of its tires as it landed at Chicagos Midway airport, but the 54 passengers and five-man- crew were not injured, EMERGENCY LANDING At Rhinelander, a private twin-engine DC-3 carrying 11 persons made an emergency landing in a farm field when both of its engines failed. There were some fatalities in the rash of air accidents, however. Two men were missing in the crash of the C-119 at Memphis and navy TV-2 jet trainers collided near Corpus Christi, killing a student pilot At Tucson, hope faded for four persons aboard a private plane which has been missing five days.

Both of the C-119s were helping to ferry 3,000 troops of the 503rd regimental combat team, 11th airborne division, from Fort Campbell, to Alaska for Operation Snowbird. Near Memphis 37 of the 39 Cigaret, Liquor Tax Boosts Asked SACRAMENTO. IP'-Gov. (ioiuhvin J. Knight proposed a record-breaking state budget today and asked the legislature fur a three-cent tax on cigarets and higher luxury taxes balance it.

The Republican governor coupled Ins request for in a new tofincco tax and higher beer, liquor and horse i are taxes with a warning to the lawmakers that "we are headed lor insolvency unless somp action is taken to put our budget in balance." Knights proposed budget for the tiselil year starting July 1, an expenditure program he described as a realistic budget calling for strict economy, is an increase of 3.8 percent or oer state expenses tins Santa Paulans School Bonds More than 2.000 Santa Paula men aboard five crew members and 34 paratroopers bailed out before the twin-engined trans- 15 Die When Planes Collide Near Cincinnati CINCINNATI. O. U.R A Trans-World Airlines plane and a privately-owned I)C-3 aircraft collided in flight and crashed in flames near here today killing 15 persons. TW'A officials said that 13 persons, 10 passengers and three crew members, were aboard its twin-engined Martin 202. The plane had left the greater Cincinnati airport about 9 a.m.

(EST) en route to Dayton, Columbus, and Cleveland, O. The twin-engined DC-3 was owned by Castleton Farms, famous Lexington, harness horse farms. It was en-route from Battle Creek, to pick up the farm owners, Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Van I.ennep to take the socially prominent couple to Florida.

The pilot, Arthur Werkhaven, and co-pilot Eddie Anger were kilfed. Kentucky state police detective Robert Gordon, one of the first officers to thp scene, said It looks -like everybody is dead. port crashed and burned. The plane developed trouble at 10.000 feet shortly after tak- ling off from Sewart air force base. The mass jump was conducted so calmly that several of the paratroopers thought they were going through a practice drill.

The plane was 6,000 feet over the ground and above the clouds. Mrs. Roy King said she rushed from her home and one of the paratroopers landed almost beside her. The young trooper shouted to another soldier What the hell is going on here? Then, seeing Mrs. King, he apologized.

Everett Walker said he glanced up to see 30 parachutes in the sky. In Montana the paratroopers hit the silk when fire broke out in the C-110's engine. The crew stayed with the plane, however, and landed it at Miles City. TIRES BLOW OCT The Chicago accident occurred as a plane settled down after a non-stop flight from San Francisco. The pilot, J.

W. Hawes of San Francisco, said one of the propellers "did not seem to reverse properly and he applied full emergency brake power, locking Ihe dual tires on each of the main gears. The four tires blew out and the huge plane bumped along to the end of the runway, where it came to a halt. The plane which ran into trouble over Wisconsin was en route from Cleveland and was owned by the Reserve Mining company. One of the passengers was the company president, W.

M. Kelly. il OTHt 4 ll 0Sf R4CINS I 7 H0U0 lilt NCirNcr iNCf ft JfT TAKES all othi A I FISCAL AFFAIRS I St voters went to th day and approved a $980 OOfl bond issue for the high school district. 1,547 to 64t. This was the second time the! bond issue had been Santa Paula voters turned downj the proposal last Oct.

4 by 15 votes. High School Superintendent M.ix Forney said it was the larg-ert vote ever recorded in a Santa' uila school election. The results by meeinets: polls yosier-lvear. The governor recommended: 1. A three-cent cigaret tax plus a 0 percent tax on other trbaeeo products which would net the state $57,000,000 anil unll.v.

2. An increase In liquor taxgs from 80 rents a gallon to $1.50 to produce another 3. Doubling the present two-rent a gallon herr tax to bring in S3.600.000 a year. 4.. An Increase of one percent in thp stale's of horse rare wagering plus a higher surtax mi profits to generate $5,600,000 In additional revenue.

Knight stressed that California is one of only seven states which does not now tax tobacco. State taxes vary from two cents a pack to eight cents a pack in the various states and average out at three cents, he said. Why are new taxes necessary? The governor answered the question this way: We must face up to a simple, hard fact: The state government. largely through direct CALIFORNIA COMES HIGH Iie chart Illustrates how Californians make and spend their money. Governor Goodwin Knight is asking for a rerord-breaking $1,529,768,000 state budget and proposes three-rent tax on cigarrts and higher luxury taxes to balance it.

(NFA.) Immediately after the election returns were in last niRht, the high school board of trustees, holding their regular meeting, authorized the architectural firm of Wilson, Stroh and Wilson to proceed as rapidly as, possible with plans for renovation of the present gymnasium to bring it up to slate standards for earthquake resistant structures. Proposed building plans with the bond issue funds call for a nine-point expansion and ie- habilitation program including remodeling of the gymnasium to MUTUAL FEAR IN WORLD CITED BY WILL DURANT By SAM MOIFAT JHE basic source of conflict between Occidental and Oriental civilization is "mutual fear," Dr. Will Durant told a Ventura Town Hall audience last night. Describing Russian reaction to the netvvoik of air bases being constructed all over the world, he said that they too fear just as well as we." In an attempt to avoid con-( tinuing the present armament jn 800 A.D., 600 years before race resulting from each rides GutcnberR. Accordingly.

we fear of the other, he suggested a 4 three-point plan that would ie- 'eain hat Oriental civilizations duce armed forces, produce non- Jiave their virtues aggression pacts, and result in a But he stressed that Orien-cotnpromise on the political fu-j tal cultures have "one vital tures of Indo-China, Korea, For- defect uncontrolled human IKE DEFENDS NIXON ON SMEAR' CHARGES By LYLE C. WILSON WASHINGTON. flJ.Ri President Eisenhower today strongly defended Vice President Richard M. Nixon against Democratic charges that Nixon used smear tactics in the 1954 congressional Mr. Eisenhower said Nixon is loyal and patriotic and that he admires him.

The president also told his news conference he is sure that Nixon never had challenged the loyalty of the entire Democratic party. When Mr. Eisenhower was first asked about recent Democratic criticism of Nixon, he fired back at the questioner a stern-voiced inquiry as to whether the reporter was basing his question on actual reading of Nixons campaign speeches. The reporter said his question was addressed to Democratic criticism and not the content of Nixon's campaign addresses. The president replied first by saying that he does not consider any political party in this country, other than the Communist party to be a party of treason.

lie said he thinks there are as many loyal Americans in the Democratic party as in his party. He said he. himself, has never indulged in sweeping condemnation of the Democrats and that Nixon, with whom he breakfasted today, assured him that he never has condemned an entire party. The chief executive said Nixon has questioned the Democratic handling of certain cases but never the loyalty of the Democrats. He said he would be loathe to admit that Nixon was guilty of any campaign indiscretion.

But he conceded that in the heat of a political campaign there are statements made, particularly when taken out of context thnti would be open to criticism. Mr. Eisenhower last Oct. 28 praised Nixon publicly for his campaign role, saying no man could have done more effective ranged over many topics, including: Political Conventions Eisenhower said he believes it would be a good idea to shorten the 1956 presidential campaign, as planned by the Republican national gommittee. Instead of holding the national party convention in June or July, as in the past, the committee is proposing a September session.

The Democrats have tentatively set Aug. 27 for their convention. The president did not disclose whether he plans to seek a sec- loud term. He characterized as ibosh a suggestion that anyone would get the impression he plans to run again because he favors a short campaign. Atomic Weapons Eisenhower said that normally he would not favor the use of atomic weapons on a tactical basis in what he referred to as a police action war.

Security He said he did not see how it would be helpful at this time to review the administration's security program covering government employes which Democrats in congress have criticized sharply. Hammarskjold Flies Homeward to Report TOKYO. tP) UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold flew homeward over the Pacific tonight on his way to report to the UN and the world on his bring it tip to earthquake protection standards: construction of six new classrooms, three forj agriculture and three for home- (OFNC'IL OPPOSES making classes; dressing, shower ('KiARFT TAX BOOST rooms and instructional space for, ANGELES. (TP) The California CIO Council today flatly announced its opposition 506 boys and 500 girls in ical education; new 300 seat cafe-1 system will SOTO I CL I Mil JIM ex COR FOR ion FRFNCMISf TAX I somi incomc ri I KSOflANCf A I I HIGHWAYS CHiClC REGULATION 14 SI SOCIAL WELFARE HEALTH It 71 hcntal MTSiCNI CORRECTIONS CONSERVATION OF natural resources 4 -NCA TaIapKoIw fertility. Out of this, he said, conies poverty, then Ignorance, and finally despotism, since you rannot have democracy with an ignorant population.

The ever increasing Oriental population, combined with Oriental mastery of Occidental technology, has put the West on the defensive. The 1 9th century saw the 'Furepeanization of the hut Ihe 20th century has seen the de-Europeanization of it. Although this moans the "death of Europe as a master of the world, it is not dead yet. It will have a long and beautiful decline. I)r.

Durant said, and America will sae and absorb the cultural heritage of Europe for the future. as Rome saved that of Greece for us. What then can we do to pacify the growing population of Asia that now understands how to use western weapons, and threatens to dominate us? How can we do away with the mutual fear" which is the cause of world tension? He feels Ihnt previous otters ol disarmament have (ailed because they were insincere. They terday afternoon the high temperature was 61 in Santa Paula and Oak View. Frost Warninq POMONA.

(UR Temperatures will drop to 27 degrees tonight In the coldest southern California eitrus lo-eations. The fruit frost service said "considerable light firing will be necessary for citrus, starting about midnight. i i Norris Funeral Rifes Tomorrow Halvern Lamar Norris, the behind the man who discovered oil in Cuyama valley, died yesterday from accidental carbon monoxide poisoning in the small office of his company-shop at 182 W. Ramona street. Ventura.

The 58-year-old, mild mannered business man who had several careers, was found dead by a friend. Coroner Virgil Payton said an autopsy revealed that Norris had died accidentally from fumes of a heater, burning in the tightly closed office. Funeral services will be conducted at 2:30 tomorrow afternoon in the Lotna Vista chapel of the Mayr funeral home in Ventura with thq Rev. Emmett Parks officiating. Agnes Armit-stead is to be soloist and Margery Eggert organist.

Interment will be in Ivy Lawn. Mr. Norris was bom March 20. 1396, in Papoka. 111.

educational pursuits in Illinois schools and universities, Norris went into the U.S. diplomatic service and held consulates at Tokyo and Peiping and in Yugoslavia. Shortly after World War II. Norris became interested in the efforts of George Hadley, of Fillmore, to find oil in Cuyama valley. Norris had faith in Hadley's geological theories and joined with him and Arthur Scott in explorations.

Some showings were found in the second well, after the east wind had toppled the first derrick. But it took 20 unsuccessful efforts before the trio produced oil and led to the development of the valley. Norris, as an executive of Norris Oil company, later became interested in oil activities in Texas. Oklahoma and Wyoming. A bachelor, Mr.

Norris is survived by his mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Norris of Alhambra; two brothers. John of Alhambra and Ralph of Ojai; two sisters, Mrs W. G. Farris of Champaign.

111., and Mrs. William Broom of Effingham, 111. Son Succeeds Father In Florida Election WEST PALM BEACH, Fla. (Democrat Paul G. Rogers is going to congress to fill the 6th district seat vacated by the death of his father Dwight L.

Rogers. Complete, unofficial returns from the 217 precincts of the 11-county district gave Rogers, a 33-year-old West Palm Reach attorney, 30,131 votes to 21,515 for his Republican opponent J. Herbert Burke, of Hollywood, in yesterdays special election. President Eisenhower gave Burke his support. Rogers victory gives the Democrats 232 members in the house to 203 for the Republicans.

Stock Averaqes: 30 industrials 399.78 off 0.47. 20 railroads 144.26 off 0.72. 15 utilities 62.64 up 0.07. 65 stocks 148.88 off 0.29. Sales today of approximately 3.400.000 shares compared with 3.680.000 traded yesterday.

IIORMEL ACQUITTED HOLLYWOOD. U.R George Hormel, 26, heir to a meat packing fortune, was acquitted today of marijuana possession chaiges. DIPLOMATIC COMMISSION FLIES TO COSTA RICA WASHINGTON, U.R A special inter-American diplomatic investigating commission flew to Costa Rica today to check into a reported invasion of that country from neighboring Nicaragua. The five-man commission left here shortly in a U.S. air force plane.

The council of the Organization of American States authorized the on-the-spot investigation of the touchy Costa Rica-Niearagua feud at an emergency meeting here late yesterday. It also voted to call an extraordinary meeting of American foreign ministers to consider the reported invasion. Plane Crash Victim Dies Airplane crash victim William E. (Gene) Bess, 26. of 17 Re-! poso drive.

Oak View, died 3tj 1:30 this morning of injuries! received when bis light plane hit a power line, crashed and burned yesterday. Bess, a bulldozer operator, was flying alone in a single-bngined monoplane in the vicinity of Henderson field when the plane electric line which crossed the Ventura river half a milel south of the highway 150 cross-j ing of the river near Mira Monte. He suffered severe head in-, juries irf the crash and was pulled from the burning wreckage by men who had been working nearby. Time of the crash was 9:50 a.m. He was tak-, en to General hospital.

Among survivors are his widow. Mrs. Joyce Bess, and a son and daughter. Funeral ar-, rangements will be announced! by the Joseph P. Reardon funeral chapel.

Coroner Virgil Payton said he plans no inquest into the death ROCKEFELLER GIVES $20 MILLION TO CHURCH SCHOOLS NEW YORK. tP) In a casually worded two-sentence letter, John D. Rockerfeller, has given 20 million dollars worth of securities to aid Protestant theological education in the United States. The gift was made yesterday to the Soalantic Fund, a philantropic corporation Rockefeller established in 1938. Rockefeller sent this note to the fund's trustees.

Gentlemen: I am giving your corporation as of this date securities having a present market value of approximately S20.000.000. The purpose of the gift is to strengthen and develop Protestant theological education in this country. Very sincerely, John D. Rockerfeller Jr. The money probably the largest single grant ever made for religious training pre-s a 1 will be to strengthen and expand the program of theological schools.

STAGA7ER SAW: MRS H. T. HEIMILLF.R receiving compliments on a hat-land-lipstick match. mosa and China. If the Communists rejected the proposal after it had been offered repeatedly over a period of time, Dr.

Durant said we should gear our economy not half heartedlv hut seriously for war. He expressed confidence that Russia would not start a war "for many years, but said that in a showdown he felt we would win. Then, out of the ruins we could develop a new social or der. The white-haired, 69- ear-old historian, philosopher and humanist, was the third speaker in this seasons Town Hall series at the Ventura rollree-high school auditorium. He began bv pointing out that it is "natural for nations to jockev for position in the 'world.

Their is always tt cold war after a lug war. In our era. however, "sci-enre may be our savior." he- i cause it has made war "so I destructive that even the 1 worst warmonger would not want to fight. As a result of this, we have a period of peace, given to us by science, with (ime to look at the situation. Dr Durant secs civilization as efforts to free 11 Americans and other UN prisoners held by the 'Communists.

He is due in New York tomorrow. The date for his report has not been announced. Hammarskjold and his party stopped in Tokyi less than an hour on the trip from Peiping to New York. U.S. PRESSURE GETS CREDIT FOR ACTION WASHINGTON.

(IP) U. officials said today unceasing American pressure apparently fo.ced Russia to its sudden de cision to free the last three Anv ericans known in Soviet hands. They said Russia probably would have left the trio in Soviet labor camps much longer if Ambassador Charles E. Boh-len had not hammered at the Kremlin door repeatedly during the past year. The Soviets agreed yesterday to turn over to American au thorities in Berlin army Pvt.

William A. Verdine, 28, of Starks, who is believed to have been held by the Russians almost six years. The date for the transfer was not fixed but Russia said in a note that it would advise the American em bassy in Berlin when to expect Verdine. He had been listed by the armv as AWOL in Europe since Feb. 3, 1949.

Last Saturday the Russians returned John H. Noble, 28, of Detroit, held by the Soviets almost 10 years, and army Pvt. William T. Marchuk, 38. of Brackenbridge, held about six years.

vote of its citizens, is committed to an exenditure program which calls for more mortey than our to any boost in the general sales tax and to the increase in ihe tax proposed by Gov. Knight. Thp council, in a letter by its legislative representative, John A Despol urgled the gov all members of legislature to unaiterably 'pose such hikes. The sales tax hits only a portion of the earnings of the well-to-do." Despol wrote, "but for ttiose who must spend all they earn, sales taxes inevitably take a larger portion of their income. Holland Faces Criminal Complaint Chief Criminal Deputy District Attorney Albert J.

Holz-hauer said today that a criminal complaint hjis been issued against one-time Ventura police officer Fred Holland. Holland is charged. Holz-haucr said, with giving or transferring a concealable deadly weapon to a man he believed was an ex-felon. 'Exfelons are not permitted to receive such items, it was pointed out. The charge is a misdemeanor, Holzhauer said, and carries a $500 fine, or six months imprisonment, or both, on convic- tion.

The complaint was issued as an aftermath of an investimation that started when Ralph R. DeHart, 59, Ventura, was arrested in a brawl in Oxnard during which it was charged that DeHart brandished a loaded gun. Questioning drew from DeHart life assertion that he had received the gun from Holland as part of a business deal. Holzhauer said Hollands present whereabouts are not known. He said the man may be out of the state, but is expected to return to California soon.

Brown Slashes Wriss In L.A. Hotel Room LOS ANGELES. iVP) Police report that David Brown. 49, Civil Rights Congress official who claims he was paid FBI informer, slashed himself, with a razor in a downtown hotel room last night. He was treated for 16 cuts on his wrists, arms and temple, then released.

Ir. Eisenhowers news confer-? defense of Nixon followed losure that the president feels ngly that informed Republi-s should defend the vice sident's 1954 campaign tac-against the Democratic rges of smear. teria; office space for counseling and guidance work; reconstruction of track and football field; construction of garages for district trucks and busses. I The new building program was the result ofromrnenddi tions of a group of professional educators who surveyed Santa Paula facilities and needs in relation to the standards of present buildings and future student growth. Chessman Granted Filth Death Stay SAN FRANCISCO.

t.4) Carvl Chessman, convicted in 1948 of kidnaping and attempted rape in Izis Angeles lovers' lanes, has been granted his fifth repriee fi mu death in San Quentin's gas chambei. La i go William Denman of the 9th U.S. circuit court of appeals, yesterday granted Chessman a' stay of execution, ruling there! was "a probable cause for appeal." Thp 33-year-old author of Cell 2455. Death Row" has en-' gaged in 6Q years of legal maneuvering from San Quentin. His case has been before the court five The new stay means Chess-1 man will be gien a hearing before the 9ih circuit court, I probably in about two months.

CHESSMAN JUDGE. CAN'T UNDERSTAND IT LOS ANGELES. -'UP The judge who originally sentenced Caryl Chessman to die in the state gas chamber was "more baffled than ever today over the latest stay of execution, Superior Judge Charles W. Fricke, hearing that Chessman had been granted his fifth stav since July 3. 1918.

said, I have been a member of the bar fo 50 years and a Judge for 27 years 1 am wholly unable to understand it." ON THP INSIDE Anzae Jacobs is selected as Ventura's outstanding young man of 1954. Picture and story on Page 4. Section 2. Other features today: FIRST SECTION Passing Scene Page 4 Social News rages 6. 7 SECOND SECTION Editorial Page 16 Sports Page 5 1 a cooperative product, to which 'bought to deprive the Russians almost every race on earth has firri of their land forces, in Describing they are superior, and impact of ancient, medieval and (See DISARMAMENT S.

2. 4) modern cultures on life as we know it. he mealed some of his Mercury Dips 0 25 great store of knowledge of the past Chinese. Hebrew. Greek At Foster Park Roman.

Renaissance. French German and Russian culture" frost covered the ground make up part of our past. he sexeral county communities this said 1 morning, including Ojai. Oak He pointed out that a clock" and Foster Park. The low-face was divided into 12 hours est tenmerature reported was because we inherited a system in Foster Park.

Ojai and devi'ed bv Babvlornn both had low leadings omers. The little nothing ceded of 29 degrees. zero, indispensable in Tjiathe- The warmest place to be last matics. is a gift of thp Hindus" night was Oxnard, where the QUOTES CONFUCIUS mercury only reached 43 Yes- PRESIDENT DISCUSSES LADF.JINSKY CASE WASHINGTON. () President Eisenhower said today he has reached no judgment personally in the Wolf Ladejinsky case.

He said that Foreign Operations Administrator Harold E. Stassen tnust take full responsibility for whatever is the eventual outcome of keeping Ladejinsky in government service. The president discussed the controversial security case at his news conference. He emphasized that he had only one side of the story when he once remarked to Secretary of Agriculture Benson that Ladejinskys background was the sort that would scare him. But Eisenhower said he upholds the decision by Stassen to hire Ladejinsky despite the ag riculture department's ousting of the man on security and technical grounds.

Ladejinsky, 55-year-old Russian-born naturalized American became agricultural attache in Tokyo as a state department employe. Renson refused, on security and techhical grounds, to accept Ladejinsky. Eisenhower i discussion With a quotation from Confucius he demonstrated that the Chinese philosopher could help exp lain American poli tics. Wise men of antiquity, when they wish to make men peaceful and happy, first put their own states in proper Durant quoted Confucius as writing. Then he added that this was what President Eisenhower was doing.

Dr. Durant also said that the first book was printed in Korea.

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