The tragedy of Man: He starts off with a Country - and winds up with a Government! Our Daily Bread Sfcftf TMff by THf Edrtor AMI. H. wndbyrn With Other Idttors N ow that the postal increase Is in effect, it obviously costs more to mail a letter. But the price is piddling com* pared to the cost of writing It— if you are a business executive of sales boss. The Dartnell Institute, a business research firm in Chicago, polled 3,000 executives from all parts of the nation, H found that it takes the average boss two to three hours a day to han- die his mail. It would be worse, except most have their mall screened and answered by secre* taries or assistants. Still, the cost of the average business letter (figured in terms of time, paper, fixed charges and mailing costs) Is a surprising $2.49 (up from $1.70adecade ago). If every business man knew that, we suspect there would be less useless correspondence or more secretaries would have to master the art of turning "Tell this guy 'no' " into several sugary paragraphs. - Columbia (S.C.) The State. Congress Likes Closed Doors According to a survey by Congressional Quarterly, congressional committees excluded the public from their meetings 39 per cent of the time, a slight decline from the record high of 42 per cent in 1966. Many executive sessionsdo consist of testimony that has a bearing on national security, but it is passing strange why the the House Appropriations Committee is the. leading committee for secret sessions. It closed all of its estimated 383 meetings. The Senate Appropriations Committee closed only 26 per cent of its 236 meetings. Other committees with a high percentage of closed meetings "were:,. Senate foreign Relations „ (56 per cent), House Armed Services (50*per cent), and House Agriculture (47 per cent). Too much of the public's business today is being conducted in private— from local school boards to the Congress of the United States. Congress gets away with it easier because it is removed from close public scrutiny. The lawmakers raise a clamor from time to time over secrecy in the executive branch, but not much is heard about their own secret sessions. • Nashville (Tenn.) Tennessean Abort/on low Seems fo Be Working By LOUDON KELLY Associated Press Writer DENVER, Colo. (AP) - A year ago the chambers of the Colorado Legislature rang and rumbled with the most acrimonious debate that has bounced off the old marble walls in many years. There were outcries that Colorado would be turned into "an abortion mecca," Catholic mothers with baby carriages picketed outside the state Capl- tol, Newspapers sizzled from heated letters to the editor, But once the uproar died down the General Assembly passed a liberalized abortion bill- the first of its kind in the nation, Gov, John A, Love, after what he admitted was considerable soul searching, finally signed the bill into Jaw last April 25, ta the weeks that followed Colorado doctors, hospitals, leg* islators and state officials re« ceived hundreds of letters and telephone calls from women, mostly in other states, Asking about the chances of getting abortions, But controls in the law are strict and most outof^statejrs seeking to end pregnancies hsve been doomed to disappointment, Richard D f Lamm, Denver State representative who was the chief sponsor of the abortion bill, says he sees no danger now that Coloradp will become M Pt obstetrical Las Vegas," Sam T, T a ylor, a veteran State senator from WaJsenburg, led the unsuccessful Wttle against the bill last year. He was aroong those whp contended the Jaw lould convert the state Into MM abortion mecca,'* Star Printed by Offset uty tfr tt*ettf tf -S*hjf<i*y txfcrt or ty 5p,m, Mtf I art fer »m *tlm jtw VOL I9-N& 10Y - 6 Pit** Star ol Hope, 1899, Press 1921 Consolidated January 18, HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 10,1968 .... i Associated Press A Audit Burma of Clrcotitteflf AT, Net Circulation: 6 mos. etilnf Sept. 30, 1961 ^ '" MKf 104 Children's Clinic Is Held Here At the diagnostic clinic for crippled children Thursday at the Hempstead County Health Center Dr. Charles E. Dates, Texarkana dentist, examines Brenda K. Hill of New Hope. Dr. Betty Lowe, Texarkana pediatrician, examines Travis Powell while his mother watches. •-. Hope Star photos Dr. Charles G, Smith, Texarkana orthopedic, looks over Greg Monroe of Horatio. Mrs. Rubye Hinkle of the Department of Public Health, Little Rock was the Orthopedic Nursing consultant. Can't Answer 11*11 tight iither LJTTLE ROCK, Ark, (AP)~ State Sen, Oscar Aja^xxJ of Lit* tie Rock passed a telegram around the Senate Wectnescjsyj Sent by one of his constituents, it said: "Opening session was a great disappointment. Please do better for Arkansas, Help the governor," The only thing the- Senate did when it convened Wondgy was to answer the roll call, ^Apparently," Alagood said, *'l can't even a answer the roll call right, InventQr I § Nenored BALTIMORE, Md, (AP) The Safety Engineering Club of Baltimore honored inventor Charles Adler Jr n 68, Thursday night on the 40th anniversary of the first traffic-actuated traffic signal, It was invented by Adler and installed in Baltimore in 1928. Adler was given a silver^n? graved replica of his first traffic sJgna^ The inventor also devised the first American train^ctuatt ed sipial crossing. He has more than 60 patents to his credit, Death Toll !f br "2fY' a ¥*"*£ of U.S. Expects Ufaak I* Many Thing* American,, y ouf TfCCK IS *•.•,. i..i..a^. u...f. lw« in 920 GIs This Includes Music By MAHY ANtfA LASETER Star Feature Writer on Cities By GEORGE ESPER Associated Press Writer SAIGON (AP) - U.S. warplanes raided the Haiphong area Friday for the first time In a month, apparently ending a bombing restraint ordered by President Johnson while Amerl* can officials looked Into peace prospects. Secretary of State Dean Rusk indicated that the peace probe ended after the Communists launched their biggest offensive of the war Jan. 30. Fighting from that Red campaign against major South Vietnamese cities has died out In all but Hue and Saigon, where the allies reported some success in efforts to clear out Communist- held areas. The U.S. Command said the Communist death toll climbed by 1,085 Friday, reaching a total of 27,706 since Jan. 29. The allied death toll was reported as 2,707, including 920 Americans, 1,733 South Vietnamese and 54 other allies. The President's bombing ban applied to the areas around Hanoi, the North Vietnamese capital, and Haiphong, the key port city, officials In Washington said. The American raid Friday was on the Cat Bi airfield, four miles southeast of Haiphong. Navy A6 Intruder pilots sakl strings of 1,000-pound bombs cut across the intersection of runways. But heavy overcast and darkness prevented further damage assessment. Other air targets Included the Uong BI electric power plant 15 miles north of Haiphong, a transshipment point 35 miles southwest of the port, the Kep airfield 38 miles northeast of $uwl and an army barracks 65 rmlles northwest of the'capital. Washington reports said Johnson ordered the bombing restraint early in January, and American officials looked for signs that the Hanoi government would respond by leveling off military activity to open the way for peace talks. was always interested In music, often attended concerts, and was probably familiar with such songs of his day as "Ttu? Girl I Left Behind Me," "Drink to Me Only With Thine Eyes," and 0 Dear, What Can the Matter By JOHN M. HtOHTOWER AP Special Correspondent WASHINGTON' (Ap) -. Top U»S* officials expect Communist forces to launch a second wave of attacks against the cities and towns of South Vietnam but sftf folk music. Play-party songs ami games February Is very mucha month wprc ^e delight of children and of many things American, not th« courttn* couples in particular in least of which Is American Music. J h « Mr|7 days. These• rt"- For instance, George Washington ' rom ^'P lo < v " Lou ' and' Went <i Courting," to "ft Ain't Gonna Rain No More" ami "Ar« kansas Traveler." And, of course, there have always been enemy losses tn the first affen* love songs, slve hftve been so heavy the new But with this difference. In onslaught should be weaker, pioneer days It was necessary for The offensive which tfcgan Bo." He also provided a musl- a y° ul1 tf wan to court the young Jftn* 31 Is considered by officials cal education for his stepchildren woman ^ W* choice In the pre- In Washington to have resulted and their children. f cn c* of the whole family Francis Hopklnson was Ihe only because there was but the one- musician of note to sign the De- f00tn '<* cabin for all of them. Since he was often to "speak Ms mind," he would sing as he rode up the valley of the 36 provincial capitals and toward the home of his loved one 84 district towns they Invaded, such tunes as "Down In the Valley" and "The Lonesome Dove," Again, as he rode away the expression of tils love would echo ctarallon of Independence. (He was not only a musician, but he was Washington's legal adviser, the first Secretary of the Navy, a satirist, poet, Inventor, and painter.) When he wns 22 years of age, he wrote his first song, My Days Have Been So Won- In a costly;'military defeat for the Viet Cong, This Hflsessnient \i based not too shy only on their reported casualties but on tlwtr failure to hold any drous Free," the first secular back to her In song, song wrtlten In America. Probably the one person who Thomas Jefferson loved music has done deeply, llnlst from until He was a skilled vio- the most to preserve the heritage of folk music in and practiced faithfully America Is John A. Lomax. the time he was a child "Thanks to hint "Horns On The an accident to his wrist R nngc" *»« rescued from obs- curlty and many, many more songs now found In the Library wrist made playing Impossible, Ho Is said to have practiced 3 hours a day for 12 years and was fond of Congress In the Archive of of playing duets with Patrick American Folk Music. Henry or with John Tyler. (Whe- Folk stn K crs «*ve now como ther fact or fable Is not known, into the spotlight again. Only a but a story was that Patrick '«* days ago, February 5, Ar- Henry was the worst violinist tn kansas folk singer Jimmy Drift- Virginia next toThomas Jeff- wo «l of TImbo appeared In Lit- erson.) " e "° c k under the sponsorship The music of 4he era during °' lne Pulaskl County Rackensack the War Between Ihe States was folklore Society, In a program of greatly enjoyed by Abraham Un- these songs, coin, whether It was "Dixie," If you "hear America singing" "Yankee Doodle," or "Hail Col- songs of the present day or of umbla." Then, after Lincoln's our early heritage, they will pro- assassination, a great amount of bably be folk songs. The Pres- music was composed that in- 'dent of the National Federation eluded 50 funeral marches °* Music Clubs, Mrs. Maurice and more than 30 memorial Honlgman of Gastonla, N. C., songs < ls probably well acquainted with •'(* the many Hypes ;and styles '»Uc music as welUJsoUierklftdsr of music that we in America en- ..She said In ^message to the Fed- joy, the folk song Is probably eratlon, "(music) Is a gread Officials said that on the basts of Information from prisoners and documents Cflpttired In the fighting they are convinced the V,C» Intended-to hold many population centers and to set off a popular uprising. Presumably they would have the same objective In the expected new drive, The hope of the Communist leadership In Hanoi of starting an uprising against the Saigon government Is described as puzzling. Some high U.S. officials say Hanoi may D* out of touch with reality of tho war tn the South-at least as U.S. leaders see It. They concede that the U.S, leadership may be 10 per cent wrong In Its judgements about how tho conflict Is going but argue that the leadership In Hanoi may be as much as flO per cent wrong. Authorities believes UjS. and South Vietnamese forces are In a better state of readiness tor the expected second wave than they ware for the first. This Is attributed partly to the ^Wgn state of alert on which these forces are Being kept"and partly to the heavy enemy cas- The folk song is one known and sung by all the people. It lives for generations. The folk music of the Negroes, Indians, cowboys, mountaineers, and lumberjacks are usually considered American Proposed Changes in British Divorce Law Has Housewives Scared By RONALD THOMSON srKJuld ^ made for the first Associated Press Writer w j| e , who has served her family LONDON (AP) - Members of we n over the years and then- the House of Commons are de- through no fault of her own-Is bating today a radical roshap- compulsorlly divorced In favor ing of Britain's divorce laws. Thousands of wives resent and fear some proposed changes as an attempt to create the most genuinely American, dynamic force In the making of ualtles, which Washington ... " * . . n m«..^. k««mMnl^...« n.nnM >' HinrlHna ntit ol 71 nnn IHUarl 311- "a Casanova's charter." But the climate of opinion In Parliament favors legislation that would openly permit divorce by con» of a younger woman," she says, "The only financial security most married womon have Is their state pension and the pen* ston attached to their husbands' work, "If she can bo compulsorlly divorced, these other pensions sent- and even allow divorce by will automatically go to the sec- compulsion. ond wife." Lady Sumrnerskill, C6 and married 30 years, was a Labor- Finally Gets That license STEVFNS POINT, Wis, (AP) - Mrs, Pierrette Strong finally gyt her Wisconsin driver's 11, cense, courtesy of a U,S, Marine stationed In Vietnam. She applied for the license Jan, 2, It came Wednesday in a letter from Cpl, M.J.Zulfe, "I received this license from Madison by mistake," Zufft wrote from Da Nang, '*l hope that the state's little blunder hasn't caused you any inconven* ienee." Backers contend the divorce reform bill would promote truthfulness and honesty, giving many estranged couples the right to part without giving false evidence. The heart of the bill is a proposal that divorce may only ba granted on grounds "that a marriage has irretrievably bro» ken down," Single matrimonial offenses — such as an Impetuous aduJ. tery, later regretted— would no longer be unassailable grounds for ending a marriage. Most controversy swirls around two proposed grounds for divorce- It If the husband and wife have lived apart two years, and neither objects to a decree, 2, If the husband and wife have l|ve<j apart continuously five years, even if one of them objects to ending the marriage, The latter clause has partlcu* larly outraged many of the bill's critics, They foresee many mid. die*ged wives as compulsorlly divorced and left without enough money, ''It's just a license for men to throw you out on the scrap heap," one wife ^rote her mem* ter of Parliament, Baroness Surpoierskill, physi. clan and champion of women's rights, argues that men stand to benefit most from theWU f He member of the House of more harmonious world. Fluorldatlon Is an Issue PINE BLUFF, Ark. (AP) Pine Bluff Mayor Austin Franks said Thursday that fluorldatlon of city water would probably be on the ballot In the November general election. Tho City Council passed an ordinance In December providing for the fluorldatlon bit opponents of fluoride forced a referendum by securing 4,000 names on petitions. Blames State Money Problem on Rockefeller FORT SMITH, Ark. (AP) - Stato Rep. Marlon Crank of Foreman said Thursday night the state had financial problems because Gov. winthrop Rocko« feller had allowed state agencies to "go merrily along" and establish their own budgets sev- Commons for 23 years. She has oral months ago, no faith in a section of the bill saying a man must be able to maintain two households before he gets a compulsory divorce. "Suppose a man assures the court he has enough money to keep two families equally well," she observes. "The Judge gives Crank also told a meeting of the Setestlan County Young Democrats that the chief executive should be .someone "that can make a real tough decN slon." Crank said he felt that tho Republican administration had him a divorce, But what redress failed to adopt a "sensible pro« will the first wife have when he gram" In the state Weflare Ce» later admits that his financial partment, H<» said welfare rolls had increased by 4,000 or 5,000 persons and that the benefit's would te about 1700,000 rnoru than the welfare budget. Crank, the majority leader in the House, was asked If he would be a gubernatorial can* dldate on the Democratic ticket this year. Women Status Head Named LITTLE ROCK (AP) - Gov, Wi/ithrop Rockefeller Thursday appointed Mrs, Leona Troxell of Rosebud as chairman of his Commission on the Status of Women, Rockefeller established the commission Thursday and ordered it to make a rej/ort by Dec, I on the differences In legal treatment of men and women with regard to political, civil and property rights and calculations were wrong? "Few men can afford to sup- j>ort two wives. That's why I have caller! this bill a Casanova's charter," Sponsors of the bill insist that the courts can make sure that a deserted wife cioes not have a lower standard of living than her husband. Primarily their aim is to make marriage possible for couples now living outside w&dlock and bringing up children in an atmosphere of guilt. It should not be possible, the sensors say, for a wife to go on refusing to divorce a husband out of malice or envy. Another section offers a chance for marriages to be patched up even if the husband or wife has been caught in adultery. They would be given six months to try for a reconcjli- thorltles put at 25,000 killed and 5,000 captured. Germany, U.S. Drop Plane Plans By FREDS. HOFFMAN AP Military Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - The United States and West Germany reportedly are dropping joint development of a revolutionary new jot fighter that could take off and land vertically. Although the project has Involved only about $6 million so far, sources reporting Us abandonment said It could have led to contracts worth hundreds of millions of dollars. There was no Immediate word on the reason for the action but some sources suggested the money pinch stemming from the Vietnam war may have been a factor. The U.S.-- West German effort has been on* of a number of projects the Pentagon has been supporting for yearn In the vertical tak«>ff and landing field. The results so far have been disap(jo!nting to many defense officials. Secretary of Defense Robert S, McNamara told Congress last week that during the last wwn years the Pentagon and the armed services have Invested a total of several hundred million dollars In development and construction of a wide variety of prototype aircraft, using differ* ent design approaches to vertl» cal and short takeoff and land- tog, ''None of them proved to be both technically and operation-, ally feasible," McNamara said, He further told Congress that until a suitable engine Is devel* oped none of the approaches seemed likely to produce a sue* cessfgl plane. The type of aircraft that can take off straight up and land straight down or fly off a short flel'l Is considered Important for the kind of fighting that Is done to underdeveloped countries such as South Vietnam where the United States has bad to la* stall an expensive complex of air bases. Despite dropping of the U.S., German project, sources s» ( 4 w tf a change is to be made ifi ation while living together- practices in education, govern, <& ria * a project, sources toe law, it Is absolutely fuad«« without prejudicing the injured m « a t employment and family tec ^°l°gy on: sue* places mental that adequate provision party's right to a divorce later, relations continue w both cop!rtes t i "
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