Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on June 27, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, June 27, 1963
Page 4
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Ggtesbura Regisher-MaiL Gqlesburg, III. Thurs,, June 27, 1963 Meeting of Minds Bold Steps Proposed to Eliminate By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA )-Worldwide family planning, a new and extended world food plan with the possibility of progresssive international taxation to support the effort were suggested at the closing session of the World Food Congress here to insure freedom from hunger for everyone by the year 2000 A.D. Speaking to 1,200 delegates from 100 countries, B. R. Sen of India, director general of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, listed these far- reaching international reforms in the course of a 40-point summary report to the two weeks' conference. With world population expected to double to six billion people in the next 37 years, Dr. Sen declared that world food production would have to be trebled or quad­ rupled. Me said this need will require an effort of nearly three- fourths of the human population. Without using the words "birth control," Sen declared: "It is obvious that the increase In numbers cannot continue at the present rate, let alone at an accelerated pace, if the food supply lags behind. In the final analysis, it will be up to the individual to decide how he should conduct himself. v "Even so, the time may come when not only the nation to which the' individual belongs, but also the world as a whole may have to take a more direct and a more dynamic role in assisting family planning measures through social education and hygiene." O N T H E INTERNATIONAL LEVEL, Sen advocated urgent action to undertake a World Food Plan. This would co-ordinate na­ tional plans to meet nutritional needs and arrive at a better balance between export supplies and import demand, based on projections of future trends. Other World Food Congresses at periodic intervals were suggested to review progress. The three-year Freedom From Hunger Campaign launched by FAO in 1961 will be continued on an experimental basis to develop techniques. ) Calling on all countries to participate in this international reconstruction which he labeled, "a beginning of a new worldwide effort in the war against hunger," Sen predicted that "the time may be not far distant when a system of international progressive taxation will be regarded as a logical development even if for juridicial reasons it may be termed a contribution rather than a tax." SUMMARIZING THE WORLD FOOD situation as of today, Sen declared that more than half of the world's population is undernourished or malnourished. Increases in world food supply have been mostly in the high income, industrialized countries. In other countries it is no better than prewar. Life expectancy in the developing countries averages 35 years. In developed countries it averages 65 to 70 years. Part of the problem is increasing average income to subsistence levels. In underdeveloped countries average annual per capita income is around $100. ^n developed countries it is 10 times that. Low incomes and inadequate diets go together. A minimum goal of 2,400 calories of food per person per day, including 70 grams of protein was set. This will require a fourfold increase in Asia and the Far Hunger East, a threefold increase in the Near East, a two-to-threefold increase in Latin America and Africa. The present animal protein consumption averages eight grams in Asia, the Far East and many Latin American countries, 11 grams in Africa, 14 grams in the Near East. "If hunger and malnutrition are to be eliminated by the end of this century," said Sen, "a much faster rate of economic growth appears necessary." Until developing countries become more self-sufficient, Sen recommended adoption of the FAO plan for a $12.5 billion five- year program of surplus food distribution by the "have" nations to the "have-nots." About three-fourths of this would be devoted to economic and social development, the balance to emergency aid. Reds and Muslims Unite to Save Mae Mallory EDITORIAL Comme nt and Review Teacher Qualifications When the Illinois Board of Certification meets in Springfield July 9, the drastic change in education in California should come under discussion. The Illinois board recommends standards that teachers in the state must meet for certification, and the legislature acts upon these recommendations. The California Board of Education, with the go-ahead from its legislature, this month set down new requirements for teachers in the public school systems. The main feature of the change involves hiring new teachers. The board will not accept education majors to work in the schools. Instead the board wants teachers to have a major field, such as chemistry, English or history. After the launching of the first Russian Sputnik in 1957, California began to reappraise its educational policies. Then in 1961 the legislature authorized the board of education to change the requirements for future teachers, and to put the program into effect when the details were worked out. After two years of work, the board has now stated its policy. Here's.what happened. In the past, state requirements for courses in education (how to teach) were 16 semester hours out of approximately 120 semester hours needed for a bachelor's degree. But colleges in California required an education major to take from 30 to 50 hours of such courses. Now the state has trimmed its requirements for education courses from 16 lo 12 hours for elementary school teachers and nine for those in high schools. The elementary teacher now must have a minimum of 28 junior and senior level hours in the major field, The transfer of power from a retiring president to a newcomer, especially if a change of party is involved, has become one of the most complex, cumbersome tasks of U.S. democracy. Many persons caught up in the takeover by Dwjght Eisenhower in 1953 or President Kennedy in 1961 will testify to the great difficulties. The November-January transition is a gray, never-never land in which the world looks to the new president, who does not yet know his job, and largely by-passes the incumbent, who does know the work. Any circumstance which materially dd- ed to this seemingly inevitable confusion might by that tact seriously increase the peril inherent in the change-over. Fuzzed-up authority does not suit an age when maximum national danger can arise on an instant. Yet this would appear to be a probable consequence of any presidential election which failed to yield an electoral majority for one candidate or another and thereby threw the decision into the House of Representatives —as prescribed by the Constitution. Even though summoned immediately, as the law demands, such session might be days in achieving a result. In the meantime the nation, and the world, would be stewing in doubt. Decision by the House is the stated intent pf those states such as Alabama, Georgia and Mississippi, which have authorized the choosing of unpledged electors in presidential voting. Changes Needed If they and some other states should pursue this course, thereby subtracting a substantial number of electoral votes from the totals available to the declared party nominees, the result could be to hand the House the decision. This almost happened in the Truman- Dewey contest of 1948. It could occur in a close 1964 election. It is a good bet, however, that the American people would let it happen only once. The likely turmoil in tho House, especially if the nation or the world were in some sort of crisis, would give a huge push to preventive electoral college reform. Such reform is under study right now by Sen. Estes Kefauver's Committee on Constitutional Amendments. But the sense of urgency is lacking. A wide variety of plans clamor for attention. There is no evident consensus for any single one. Some observers feel that at most Congress might endorse a plan to eliminate the electors as persons but retain electoral votes. This would destroy the prospect of independent action by electors. The electoral votes in each stale would go wholly to the candidate gaining a plurality there. There would be no division of a state's electoral vote according to the proportions of the November popular vote, or by congressional districts, as some have urged. Vet even this simple reform may look to like a long step to a country which has not to date felt the paralysis of an inconclusive election. By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - Communists and Black Muslims are both working to "save Mae Mallory." Mrs. Mallory is a militant black nationalist sought by North Carolina authorities on charges of kid­ naping. She was arrested by agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Cleveland, Ohio, on Oct. 12, 1961. Charged with "unlawful flight to avoid prosecu­ tion for kidnaping," she was ordered extradited by Gov. Mike DiSalle. Attorneys for Mrs. Mallory, who had earlier been convicted of fraud in New York State, went to the courts to abrogate the extradition order. Their request was denied by the Ohio Supreme Court. An appeal will soon be ruled upon by the U. S. Court of Appeals. To mobilize support for Mrs. THE DOCTOR SAYS 20 hours in a minor area and an additional 45 hours in liberal arts courses. This amounts to 105 semester hours out of the 120 (including the 12 in education) needed for graduation. The high school teacher will have to have at least 18 junior and senior level hours and six graduate hours in the major field, plus 20 hours in a minor specialty and 45 hours in liberal arts. California board members felt it was more important to emphasize the subject matter, rather than how to teach. The board president, Thomas W. Braden, said, "Our future teachers will be broadly educated in the liberal arts, familiar in depth with their subject matter, and skilled in imparting their knowledge. They will be better teachers and will turn out better students." The path of the board was not an easy one. Many educators and teachers' organizations in the state fought the program. They based their arguments on the contention that the future teachers will be inadequately trained in techniques of how to leach. The Illinois certification board, in existence only a year now, may find some interesting information in a look at the new California system. The trend in education is in that direction, and a careful look at this development may pay dividends. Although the subject is controversial, this is no reason to shy away from something that may give the stale belter teachers and high school graduates. Miss Virginia llinchliff, a teacher at Galesburg High School, belongs to the 11- mcmbcr board. She said the topic will probably be brought up at the board's meeting next month. Fitness, Not Fame, Is Aim In Children's Sports By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Written for Newspaper Enterprise Assn. At this time of year, a small boy's fancy turns not to love but lo baseball. Whether played on a sandlot or on a Little League team there is much to be gained by constructive efforts to improve your child's physical fitness through sports. Parents should be on their guard, however, against allowing a boy's natural enthusiasm to carry him lo the point of overdoing. A common injury in 9 to 12-year- old ball players who must throw the ball a lot — and this could apply to any player on the team — is a chip fracture of the elbow. Because the muscles in the arms of these boys are stronger than their bones, violent throwing may tear a small bone chip from the elbow. Once this happens, a boy is out of play for the rest of the season. Parents and coaches have a great responsibility to place a young player's health above winning the game. The chief preventive measure to remember is that conditioning the body in any sport must be gradual. On the emotional side, there is also the danger that, if parents make a child feel chagrin when a game is lost, he may develop a defensive, hostile, or withdrawn personality and, as a result, grow to avoid physical activity and competition for fear of losing. This defeats the chief purpose of sports programs for children, which is to build healthy bodies and strong characters. Much is lost if the young player is not inspired with a love of fair play, and if he does not learn to enjoy doing his best regardless of whether he wins or loses. Q—I have read that bone meal tablets will help to keep a child's teeth healthy. Is this true? If so, how old should the child be before he starts taking them? A—Bone meal is used in feed , for farm animals and in fertilizer. It is a source of calcium. But for your child, milk is a better source of this vital element. Fluoridation of the local water supply is another important factor in the den- 'lal health of children. Q—Our 4-year-old son can't stick out his tongue properly. The end of his tongue rolls under behind his teeth. Can this be corrected? If so, would he have to go in the hospital? A—Your son is tongue-tied, but this minor deviation from normal usually causes no difficulty in eating or talking. These are the two most important functions of the tongue. Since it is not essential that he be able to stick his tongue out, the best authorities recommend no treatment. FINDING THE WAY Faith and the Fourth By RALPH W. LOEW. D.D. Written for Newspaper Enterprise Assn. The true hero not only with- *~ ^ stands the assaults; he has the imagination to interpret his cause until others have seen it. This has been inherent in the American dream and it is this quality of heroism which must be emphasized on this July 4th, 1963. F. Scott Fitzgerald told of one kind of a hero as he described Lindbergh: "In the spring of '27, something bright and alien flashed across the sky. A young Minnesotan who seemed to have nad nothing to do with his generation did a heroic thing, and for a moment people set down their glasses in country clubs and speakeasies and thought of their old best dreams." Edmund Wilson wrote of another quality as he described Lincoin: "When we put ourselves back into the period, we realize that it was not at all inevitable to think of it as Lincoln thought, and we come to see that Lincoln's concept of the progress and the meaning of the Civil War was indeed an interpretation that he partly took over from others but that he partly made others accept." Too many of us debunk life and make it as monotonous as all of these architectural glass boxes Mallory — and to raise $15,000 for her bond — friends formed the Monroe Defense Committee. An official Government report says the group has accepted aid from various organizations, "some of which are subversive in character." COMMUNIST SPOKESMEN around the globe have rushed to Mrs. Mallory's defense. Spearheading the campaign to save Mae Mallory is Robert Franklin Williams, who is also sought by North Carolina authorities on charges of kidnaping. Williams now operates out of Cuba, where he fled to avoid arrest. His broadcasts over Radio Havana have carried "the truth about Mae Mallory" to all corners of the hemisphere. He tells listeners that Mrs. Mae Mallory can not expect a fair trial in the "fascist United States" — not unless she has "half a million tanks. I mean military tanks. And three or four hydrogen bombs." He boasts that he has contacted propagandists in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, asking them "to make appeals for Mrs. Mallory." In this country, rallies for Mrs. Mallory have been held from coast to coast. The articulate Malcolm X, second in command in Elijah Muhammad's Black Muslim movement, has addressed Harlem rallies to demand "justice for Mae Mallory." The same plea has been voiced by Benjamin Davis, one of the country's leading Negro Communists. He was convicted under the Smith Act and served a prison term for conspiring to overthrow the U. S. Government. EXTRAORDINARY PRESSURE has been put on Ohio Gov. James Rhodes, who defeated DiSalle last fall. Rhodes has received letters and petitions from as far away as Los Angeles demanding that he free Mrs. Mallory. The Monroe Defense Committee has been blunt: "Many voted Gov. Rhodes into office with the ex- REMINISCING Of Bygone Years FIFTY YEARS AGO Friday, June 27. 1913 Rev. William T. Bartie, 91, a graduate of Knox College in 1849, died at his home at Claremont, Calif. He was the oldest living graduate of Knox. Two motorcycles driven by Sid Nelson and Herman Carlson collided on North Seminary Street. Neither was seriously hurt. pectation that he would grant Mrs. Mallory the protection of the state." The fact of the matter is that Mrs. Mallory was not an issue in Rhodes's campaign. He has indicated that her extradition is a matter for the courts to rule upon. * * * U. S. TAXPAYERS have shelled out $65,400 for a study entitled "Behavior and Ecology of the Wandering Albatross." They have paid through the nose ($20,600) to learn all there is to know about "Social Behavior m Ants." These tidbits were uncovered by Ohio Congressman "Pete" Abele, who made a personal investigation of the National Science Founda­ tion. Other tax-paid research projects bear these earth-shattering titles: Social Behavior in Termites, $16,900; Communication Signals in Birds, $17,500; Modification of Alcohol Preference in Rats, $16,800; Mammal Fauna of the Highlands of Ethiopia, $36,800; Revision of the Classification of Earthworms, $13,700. Says Rep. Abele: "In view of the fact that the financial resources of the National Government are not unlimited, Congress must make a greater effort to differentiate meritorious research projects from those of doubtful value." (Copyright 1963, King Features) QUOTES FROM THE DAY'S NEWS duction will never be made until the people speak." (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International. BERLIN — President Kennedy to West Berliners: "All free .men wherever they live are citizens of this city and therefore as a free man I am proud to say: Ich bin ein Berliner (I am a Berliner)." SPINDALE, N.C. — Charles Reynolds, vice president of Spindale Mills, announcing that the firm will give its employes the amount of their withholding taxes for three weeks to dramatize federal spending: "When the people become concerned enough and so advise their representatives in ; Washington, government extravagance and expenditures will be reduced. A re- KENOSHA, Wis. — Mrs. Helen Haukedahl, on trial for the alleged murder of her husband's secretary, whom she suspected of having an affair with her spouse: "He hurt me, but I love him. I have always loved him and I am still very much in love with him." MONTGOMERY, Ala. - Constance Baker Motley, attorney for the NAACP, arguing a circuit court case here: "No state can avoid or escape the responsibility of continuing segregation. The state must take affirmative action to prohibit racial discrimination wherever it exists." Crossword Puzzzle People of Note Answer to Previous Puzzl* ACROSS 1 Apostle 5 Holy Roman emperor . 9 Actor Duryea 8 Academy award 9 Swelled 10 Nautical term 11 Approach 16 Humbler 12 British princess 20 Noise 13 Vehicles 22 Gull-like birds ' 14 Chevalier'i 24 Masculine island nickname (pL) '15 Repulsive 25 Musical 117 Body of water „„ instrument 18 Caterpillar 26 Curt allusion hairs ( colI -> 19 Bread browner §8 Willow 21 Tardy 30 ** ed or "How 23 Fish eggs 31 Chances s o S aiii-jii 1 HfflOteJ p R O s o 1 l_ A » D A E C U A L. E MlA T E R D A T U R A S M 1 E R H M EK/ E N M 1 S 1 HL- 1 E •M A D J_i D f= APT E T R 1 o D E l_ E A E A $ © • E S s N E I_ B A N T A N S fa) A 1— m w A M 1 o C 1 N s H R 1 S T 1 N A G O A H 1 N T A N 1 lu H A L_ a R O V R A M T H E that line our avenues. Watch tourists, dressed in their shorts troop through national memorials. These casual people may be *aw- abiding citizens, but they do something which despoils the sense of the heroic. Or here is the clergyman who says that it's all right to come to church in casual attire. Of course it is. But there is the implication that everything must be reduced to the level of the casual. When men, in high office or low, lose a sense of respect for their office, they do something tragic to the public they are pledged to serve. When life is treated with disdain, lived only at the level of satisfying nerve ends, men are guilty of living in terms of appetites instead of great convictions. 'Phis is a frank appeal for some Fourth of July under- TWENTY YEARS AGO Sunday, June 27, 1943 A capacity audience greeted Dr. Raye L. Ragan, newly appointed minister of First Methodist Church. He succeeded Dr. Sidney Guthrie, eight years pastor of the church. Lionel Barrymore was starring in the motion picture, "Dr. Gillespie's New Assistant," featured at the West Theater, standing of the fundamental faith that made us what we are. We have shown heroism on the fields of battle, in the arenas of technical know-how and in the development of democratic institutions. Now let us show the same heroism as we meet the demanding challenges of this time. Once more our country can be known in the terms set forth by Woodrow Wilson, "America is not 40 Bicycle parts 43 Plural of this 45 Glutted _ ^. oa „ 46 Coin 24 Distress signal 33 Gr eck populace 47 Mountain 27 Fiddling Roman 35 0ne oi tne g ' rl s (comb, form) 29 Loosen 32 Dweller 34 Speckled 36 Up to date 137 Verily 138 Appear ,39 Hastened! 41 Physicians (ab.) •42 Drunkard •44 Strays •46 Farm building >49 Noblemen '•53 Assam silkworm 154 Efflux 166 Fiber knots !57 Fodder pit 58 Theow 59 Pedal digit 60 Formerly 61 From himself DOWN IGo by 2 Poker stake 3 Distinct part 4 Lawful 5 South American wood sorrel 6 Rag 7 Singing group 48 Prince 50 Get up 51 Mr. Chancy and others 52 Dirk 55 Negative word 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 to 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 I 20 I 2 ' 22 i 23 1 24 25 26 •* r • . 31 32 33 • 35 36 1 38 • 39 40 l 4 ' 42 « 1 ilT 47 • 51 5£ 53 54 56 S7 59 60 Z? NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN. (Jalesburg Register -Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-6181 Entered is Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of M .Tch 3. 1879. Daily except Sun< day. Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor M. H Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations a. H. Clay Managing Editor „ SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week. National Advertising Representa- , tive: Ward-Griffith Company Incox- i i r i j -i • porated. New York, Chicago, Dea mere body of traders; it is a froit Boston. Atlanu, San FT«UV By RED mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year #10.00 S Months *3J0 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month »U» No mail subscriptions accepted in towns where there is •atablisnea newspaper boy delivery By Carrier in retail trading zon# outside City of Galesburg. I week SOe body of free men. Our greatness is built upon our freedom — is moral, not material. We have a great ardor for gain; but we have a deep passion for the rights of man." This is the heroism demanded of us in this hour. Cisco, Los Angeles Charlotte. Philadelphia. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and w*» souri and by motor rout* u» retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months #3.71 6 Months $ 7.00 I Month II# By mall outside lUlnoi*. low* and Missouri l Year $18.00 3 Months §5.00 6 Months | 9.50 I Month |3.Q»

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