Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on March 4, 1964 · Page 11
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March 4, 1964

Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 11

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Redlands, California
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Wednesday, March 4, 1964
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Page 11
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More problems in Appalachia Harlan, Kentucky today full of bitter hardship EDITOR'S NOTE: The de-on,' pressed Appalachian region, i^cd first target of President Johnson's "war on poverty," is filled with scores of towns struggling against the backwash ef high unemployment and the suffering it has brought. A United Press International reporter on a 1, 200 mile tour of Appalachia visited many of these once bustling communities and in the following dispatch, the final in a series of three, reports on two of them. By NICHOLAS C. CHRISS HARLAN, Ky. (UPI) "Bloody Harlan" (hey called it years ago and, in the decades since, the mining town in south last Kentucky has never lived down this mark of notoriety. In the 1930s Harlan County was the ground on -which the United Mine Workers of America, seeking to organize, met in pitched battle with the Harlan County Coal Operators .Association. In Harlan County today, 500 children stay away from school because they have no shoes or clothing. ; Another 500, in the words oi the county school superintendent, "are just barely hanging Bolivian leader retains loyalty of miners By PHIL NEWSOM 1M2. UPI Foreign News Analyst A revolt triggered by the; Back in the 1940's and early MNR in 1949 failed, but another 1950's when the signal fires ofiia 1952 succeeded. Paz, in exile j revolt were burning on Bolivian in Argentina, came back to Bo- I mountain lops, the man with Uvia to become president. One struggling to classes ill- I .And so it is a pleasant sur -i ^i'^ iwser on the trigger was of the men who brought him and m -clolhcd. I prise to see Palmer, Tcnn., loei ^uan Lechm Oquenao. back was Lcchin. who then be In 1942, says James A. Ca- 1 miles southwest of Harlan, fori Lcchin had the loyalty of the came minister of mines, wood — who' has been schoolithc first time. The neat littleltough Bolivian miners, and superintendent for 30 years — Harlan County had 22,000 children enrolled in schools. Today it has 12,000. The average daily attendance is lO.OGl which amounts to 83.8 per cent and town of 500 nestles in south-("ithout him no revolution was eastern Tennessee. In the spring for miles around the dogwood blossoms cover the mountainsides. But this serene picture belies j likely to succeed. Working with Lcchin. this compares to the 90 per!a bitter struggle that has pit cent attendance figures thought j ted brother against brother. adequate for most school sys terns. Receive Free Meals In two of the valleys in Harlan County some 10.000 coaligjons, miners are out of work. Thirty j ,.ountry per cent of the school children who take part in the school lunch program, receive free meals because their parents cannot afford to pay for thrm. We're bottled in here behind of little education, was Victor Paz Estenssoro, an intellectual, a college professor who had founded the National Revolu- Lcchin still retains the loyalty of the miners but his old I friendship for Paz has changed man!to open enmity. The split became fmal late in January when the MNR named Paz as its candidate to repeat himself in another four-year term as wife, soni" husband against against father. Has Turbulent Past Like most coal mining re- Palmer's surrounding has a turbulent past that has included murder and mayhem. Since Dec. 26. 1962 Palmer's menfolk have been on strike against the Grundy Mining Co. tionary Movement (MNR) in;president and e.xpelled Lechin from the party. Lechin, vice president in Paz's current terra of office, boycotted the convention anb announced that he would run against Paz in the elections next June. A rump convention of the MNR's large left wing is ex pected to name Lechin as its candidate later this month. The split between the two men has led to fears that once ajjain the miners will take up arms and that Bolivia, uto which the United States has poured $300 million in aa attempt to insure stability, again will be torn by revolt. Lechin has accused the Paz government of corruption and of being anti-democratic. Specifically, he opposes Paz's program for rehabilitation Redlands Daily Facts Wed, March 4,1964 - 11 Bolivia's lagging state-owned tin mining industry, closing down some mines and eventually reducing the number ofj miners by 5,000. Lechin has accused Paz of trying to wreck the unions and of being willing to sell out the country to foreign interests. Four Americans Seized An outgrowth of the dispute between the two men was last December's seizure of four Americans by the tin miners who held them for 10 days as hostages for the release of three jailed union leaders. The three, described as Communists were accused of manslaughter and embezzlement. Lechm played a prominent of 1 role in obtaining release of the hostages, advising the miners to await a more favorable op- ortunity to "defeat the government." Communist leadership among the miners gave similar advise. Lechin has denied that he is either Marxist or Communist. He frequently has denounced both the United States and the U.S. - supported Alliance for Progress. As a candidate he seems to have softened his views somewhat, saying now he would make use of the alliance fcnd would offer guarantees to foreign investors. Facts Classified Ads Can Sell .Anythmg CaU 793-3221 , One day recently seven un- these mountains ju.st as v clpnjpjoj.,,^ „,jners sat, stood and were 100 years ago," says Ca -|5qu3 ,[pj j^ound an iron stove 'in the town's combination fil- The signs of coal mramg |u „g station and grocerv. country are unmislakeable. ) ., ^ ,. In winter the hills and moun-; ., tains are withered and sere.' ' The creeks run sluggish, loaded with litter. The house arc ramshackle, their yards strewn with rust-cankered automobiles. Huge trucks heaped with coal, roar up and dovra the hills and trains pull coal hoppers up to 95 tons in endless streams. WILSON'S "Corn King" Ready fo Eat Gives thanks for hands and puts them to work By GAY PAULEY • NEW YORK (UPI) -Claire Manley gives thanks daily for her two hands by offcrmg a helping hand to oUicrs. The story of this young housewife's program to brighten the lives of the chronically ill, the aged, the retarded, the mentally disturbed in the hospitals act uaUy begins when she was a tot in her native Budapest. And, with an accident. "I was too young to remcm ber much," she said, '"o u t mother says I fell against a stove and burned my hands so severely that the doctor who answered the emergency call ordered immediate amputation of them. But mother was stub- bom...she called a physician friend who thought my hands could he saved." Helping Hands Her mother's friend w a s right. Today, an "eternally grateful" Claire Manlcy has complete use of her hands and the scars from that childhood bum are barely visible. It is altogether fitting, then, that the organization she founded and heads should be called "T h e Three H's, Inc."—Hospital Helping Hands. Helping hands grew from Mrs. JIanlcy's volunteer work in hospitals in the New York area. She visited the aged in wards. of the things Helping Hands 150 volunteers are doing, working through hospital recreation departments. Teen-aged volunteers have formed bands. A woman artist, at 73. took to a ladder to paint a large mural on a wall of one of the sitting rooms at Goldwater Memorial Hospital on Welfare Island. Volunteers distribute clothes to pa- ticnt.s, donate recreational equipment, give parties in the hospitals, and plan boat rides, weincr roasts and picnics for patients able to leave the hospital. Xmas In July Helping Hands gives Christmas parties at Christmas and also in July because as Mrs. Manlcy said, "so many organizations swamp patients a t Christmas ami forget bout, them the rest of the yer." OncjP^.'" July she donned flannel costume in 90-degrcc plus heat to play Santa at a Kings County hospital party. The program is supported bj contributions—"never enough to do all we want to do," she said. Mrs. Manley said her hope is for more volunteers so that Hclp'ing Hands can reach even more of the hospitahzed. "I build castles in air," she said. Then she quoted Henry David Thoreau's observation tliat, "if The men arc distrustful and' they curse the newsmen who! have come into their valle.v. "Lying bastards," one of them snapped. These men receive S15 a week in subsistence checks from the United Mine Workers plus food stamps from the U. S. Depart ment of Agriculture. "We do all right," said the farmer of three children. "I got ia jacket for 50 cents yesterday at a rummage and I paid 25 cents for a pair of trousers. "We'll do anything before we start scabbing," said another. There is only a few dollars difference between what the striking miners want and what the company pays in Grundy County. But the company says the union is asking for a scale that is set on a nationwide scale, instead of one suited to the local mining limitations. The strikers contend the com pany's ultimate purpose is not wages, but an effort to throw the union out. The long strike is but another of the staggering problems of Appalachia where President Johnson has said a "special effort" will be needed fo keep many Americans from living on the "outskirts of hope." Things Picking Up In Harlan the banks pay a I cent interest rate on savings accounts — slim compared to the 3 and 4 per cents paid elsewhere — but during 1963 the county ranked fifth among Kentucky's 120 in the purchases of scries E and H government savings bonds. Prosperity is not around the comer in Harlan, but things are picking up. R. Springer Ho.skins. editor of tlie Harlan Daily Enterprise, wrote: "One answer undoubtedly is that the county isn't really as SHANK PORTION Wilson's HAM BUTT PORTION CENTER CUT HAM SLICES lb 95 lb ALBER'S ... 2 lb. pkg. ^ Flapjack Mix J5 BELL BRAND ... I lb. Jar m ^ P-Nut Butter49 LEAN . . . BONELESS ^» ROUND STEAK ^79' RUMP ROAST .^65' ^"99 CUT THICK ... I cnucK i.(Bi.iv.iuud SWISS STEAK 69"^ TENDER DELICIOUS NALLEY'S 24 oz. can can 0^ STEW 39 FARMER JOHN'S LEAN Knoor's . . . Asst. Variety SLICED BACON ^49' s .upMix3 ?q .vou have built castles m air.i, , ,/ - • -, your work need not be lost: li^.'',"''.^ °^ giving money as well as timc.jihat is where they should be', j 'j''"'^' Xow, put the foundations under;, There never was enough cash available, however, to buy many things the patients really needed — cloUiing. personal items, phonograph records, ev en irons and ironing boards." , A charity bazaar led to a partial solution. Mrs. Manley won a large doll which she raffled for S30 and in turn used the $30 to buy other items for more raffles. She made money also by baby - silting, friends and neighbors joined her in baking cakes and making candy, and neighborhood storekeepers donated food for hospital ward parties. Soon entertainment was added to the project. And Jlrs. Manley took her harmonica and accordion on hospital visits. WTien she found retarded children responding happily to the work of a professional clown she once had hired, she developed a clown act. She made her own costumes for boy clown and girl clown. Now. she's added magic to her routine. The 40-ycar-old Mrs. Manlcy came fo this country in 1940 to live with two aunts in New- York. Her parents, Sir. and Mrs. Albert Halasz, since have migrated. Husband Robert, New "V'ork bora, is a dental technician and the couple has two children, Sandra, 13, and Jonathan, 16. Mrs. Sfanlcy talked of some our blue moments. If a moral to be drawn them." "That," she said, we intend to do." "is what STEREO HI-FI Tape Recorders '39 Savt 40%AS LOW AS SELF SEKVICE TCBE CBECKEB Everythlnr for the ADlennms and nome Technician .\ntenDa MalerUls IT TUL'KSELF m ELECTRONIC WHOI-ESAU: M.\ET ivex N. Waternaa Open « tn S — Sudaj I* 'ta s **" SedliBds Stm KalUnda Bird, at Iixai St. Open 1» .\JI.-8 P-M. Sondar H AJL-S P.M. Democrat wins in Louisiana NEW ORLEANS (UPI) — Democrat John J. JfcKeithcn headed for the Louisiana governor's mansion today, but conservative Republicans held a beachhead in tlie state legislature. McKeithcn. a 45 - year - old country lawyer, Tuesday night turned back a furious bid by Goldwater Republican Charlton LjTins Sr. to win the guberaa' torial election. The GOP, mountmg its first serious threat to the Democra- 'jc monopoly since Reconstruc tion days, captured two seats in the state legislature. Unofficial results from 2,110 of the state's 2,214 precincts gave McKeithcn 448,K1 votes to 276,282 for Lyons. States Righter Thomas S. Williams trailed far behind with 5,617. The final chapter to the elec tion may not be wTitten until at least Friday when U.S. Dist. Judge E. Gordon West considers a move by Williams to have the election results cancelled. Williams, from Ethel, La., charged he had been discriminated against by parish voting machine custodians and the election could not be legally held. SELL IT TOMORROW With low - cost Classified Ads from incongruity, perhaps it is that there is still enough 'life' left in Harlan County that it behooves all of us to work together toward making it a better and more prosperous place In which to live." Welfare payments during December, 1963, in Harlan County totaled $162,581 including medi cal and dental care. Each welfare worker as in many areas of .'\jipalachia, had an average load of 200 cases, or about three times that considered adequate. There arc 51,107 people living in the county and about 22,000 of them are receiving welfare help of one sort or another. SMIPPY ilOPS IN QUALITYfi {LOW IN PRICE j [{enf efecfr/c coipef sirajnpooer for only $ J Make your carpets new again! Rent electric carpet shampooer for only $1 a day when you buy I Blue Lustre Carpet Shampoo at: BtACMOXT UDWE. & LV.MBER Itti C. tlh. Beaam>oI H.\I.E t CEEEN-SLAOE iseci Calimesa Bird, Callmeu HOME rVKXTTURE CO. IMPEEIAL H .ARDirABE SU Orantt, Bedlands 13 E. Citnia. Kedlands LO .MA LINDA HABDWABE I1I91 .\odenan. Lama Linda CrUOLSTEET SB.\MPOO KIT ALSO AVAIUiBLE 333 ORANGE ST. — REDLANDS

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