Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Friday, April 26, 1974 Dubious Curb Some time ago the Supreme Court ruled that critical remarks about a civil servant by his boss are privileged speech, protected by the First Amendment. It is curious, in light of this earlier decision, that the court has now decided the government may fire employes who make public comments — including critical remarks about their superiors — thought harmful to government "efficiency. This unequal treatment of government workers and their superiors is not the only reason for being disturbed by the high court's latest ruling in this matter. It is disturbing fundamentally for two other reasons. One is that the court said there need not be a trial-type hearing before dismissal for such cause. The em- plove is denied the right to rebut the charges against him before he has lost his job. Justice William H. Rehnquist states the view that provisions for post-dismissal appeal and hearing are "sufficient compliance with the requirements of the due process clause" in the Constitution. With all respect to Justic Rehnquist, it strikes us that due process requirements would be satisfied only by hearings before the worker has already been deprived of his livelihood. An even stronger reason for dismay at the court's ruling is that it gives sanction to a vague statute which leaves federal employes without any means of knowing what kind of utterance may cost them their jobs. It is a fair guess that, for lack of any reasonably clear standard of what may or may not be said without risking discharge, many employes will prudently choose not to speak. This is an inhibition of free expression by a class including millions of Americans. That is bad in itself. The potential harm is increased because, under this restriction, federal workers may withhold enlightening critical comment about government operations. The effect of this ruling is to enhance "efficiency" at the cost of curbing generative as well as disruptive crticism. Still Painting Thomas Hart Benton retired once, back in 1961 after finishing work on the mural in the Harry S. Truman library and museum. So he said. Thirteen years later Benton is still doing what has come naturally all his adult life — painting. He's creating a mural about the late Tex Ritter and country music. That's the third mural he's tackled since he completed the one for the former president. The occasion for these tidings is Benton's 85th birthday, of which he characteristically said: "At my age. you don't celebrate birthdays: you deplore them." Vou also work on them, if you're Thomas Hart Benton. Our hunch is that he'll go on painting a few years longer, and we wish him well at it. 'it. Truths Live The expulsion of dissident author Alexander Solzhenitsyn appears to have been a brilliant stroke by the Kremlin. Western intellectuals note with chagrin that the wave of outrage that swept the world in the wake of the action has ebbed as quickly at it began. Diplomatic repercussions seem to have been nil. More adverse publicity may be in store for the Soviet regime when translations of Solzhenitsyn's expose of Stalinist terror, "The Gulag Archipelago," come out in the West. Even so, it will have gained very much and lost very little — at least in the short run — by ridding itself of a prominent figure who was attacking the very ideological underpinnings of the Soviet style of socialism. This should not be surprising. Bold, lightning strokes have paid off for the Kremlin in the past — the quelling of the revolution in Hungary in 1956 and the incipient revolution in Czechoslovakia in 1968, in both cases by massive armed invasion. Compared to these brutal events, the exiling of Solzhenitsyn and his family appears positively benign. Yet it all mounts up. Each exposure of the true face of communism in Russia has cost the Kremlin dearly. Today, only the most radical or naive socialists outside the Soviet Union still look to it as the "motherland" or model of Marxist revolution. It is seen for what it is, a dictatorial, nationalistic power even more repressive of human freedom than was Russiai in the days of the czars. In the Soviet Union itself, bootleg copies of "The Gulag Archipelago" are reportedly fetching fantastic prices in Moscow and are being worn out by intense circulation among intellectuals and young people. By physically removing Solzhenitsyn, the Kremlin may have solved its immediate problem. But the man's ideas and the truths he proclaimed continue to have a life of their own, and an influence on the younger generation of Russians whose effects no one can now foresee. Pavlov Revisited Washington Notebook , '^^^^i^f^y^^ r ^'^^^, ' V- • *' ' ""'' "'. 'li v'. f * s *'• - Dear Abby Tell Him to Get Professional Help By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: My husband works out of town three days a week. He takes $80 expense money with him on each trip. Every weekend he comes home complaining that he couldn't afford to eat and went to bed hungry when he was away. I suggested he take more expense money but he refuses, saying he won't need more, but he goes right on complaining. When we have an argument he goes for days — sometimes weeks — without speaking. I prepare his meals as usual, but he refuses to eat at home. Instead he goes to a restaurant and then complains to anyone who will listen to him that I won't "feed" him. Right now there is a pot roast dinner, homemade bread, cake and cookies Abby drying out in the kitchen while he is eating in a restaurant! What is wrong with him? He was married before, and, according to him, his ex-wives didn't feed him either. He is not underweight, and he doesn't have a tapeworm,.. Any advice you can give me will be appreciated. He may not be "fed up" — but I am. HAD IT DEAR HAD IT: For openers it would appear that your husband has a long history of abnormal behavior. He is obsessed with the notion that he is being "starved" by the women in his life whose duty he feels it is to "feed" him. He needs professional help but unless he admits and seeks it. he's destined to go on his paranoid, obsessive way. ' ' ' : ' " DKAR ABBY: You wrote in reply to Rusty who wanted to know if that pic- Your Health Wine Irritates Ulcer By Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D. LAMB DEAR DR. LAMB — How does one soothe an irritated duodenal ulcer before and after having a couple of glasses of wine? A typical answe.r would be not to drink, correct? I am not an alcoholic, but whenever my stomach is upset and when I have a before and after dinner wine, then my duodenum starts acting up. Then it quiets down and doesn't bother me for awhile. I'm 61, retired, troubled with the ulcer for the past 10 years off and on. Five years ago I had a heart attack. I don't smoke, blood pressure is O.K.. my weight is normal and supposedly I'm in good health. Of course, I don't drink whiskey, but mv doctor allows me to have dinner wines such as a sauterne, and port or sherry as an after-dinner drink. If this vice, which is the only one I have left, is injurious to my health, then I suppose I'll have to give it up. But. I would appreciate your answer. DEAR READER — You are right. The correct answer is not to drink at all. Alcohol is very hard on the digestive tract and will, as you have found out, bring on ulcer pains. It will stimulate the formation of excess acid pepsin juice, and I think you should quit. There is just as much alcohol in a glass of wine as a can of beer or a cocktail with a jigger of whiskey, rum or gin. If for any reason you absolutely must take a nip or already have, then I think you should immediately take one of the antacid preparations and continue to take them for the next several hours This might help minimize the bad effects of the acid pepsin juice in this siutation. I'm not recommending this as the proper course, since I think alcohol does other things to the stomach that you should avoid, like dissolving the protective coating of mucus over the stomach lining that protects the stomach cells from digestive action. For more information about ulcers write to me in care of this newspaper, P. 0. Box 1551. Radio City Station. New York. N.Y. 10019 and ask for the booklet on ulcers. Enclose 50 cents to cover costs. DEAR DR. LAMB — I am writing you to clear up an argument my husband and I are having. I read in an article where sex would either make you lose weight or gain weight, and my husband says this is the dumbest thing he's ever heard, so I decided to ask you. Is it true that sex causes weight gain or loss? If so. what causes this'.' DEAR READER — One enthusiast did report in a popular women's magazine that a good way to lose weight was to make love. He suggested it instead of eating a nighttime snack. The phrase he used was "reach for your mate instead of a plate." Well, anything that results in eating fewer calories helps keep the weight down. And. sex is also exercise, but I'm afraid the amount of calories the enthusiast credited it with burning was a bit exaggerated — like many- things often are in regards to sex. So, the decrease in calories and the exercise both tend to cause you to lose weight — but don't expect miracles unless it results in your eating a lot less calories. The only way you gain weight from sex is in the event that it results in. pregnancy — and I guess I don't need to explain that. DEAR DR. LAMB — I have been told by friends that two foods, almonds and saccarin, can cause cancer. One person told me that, if you eat two almonds a day you will inevitably get cancer. This sounds pediculous. How reliable are these rumors? DEAR READER — As far as almonds go, the statement is completely wild. There is no truth in it at all. Saccharin is another story. There is some evidence that large amounts of saccharin may cause bladder tumors. In fact, it may have been the saccharin and not the cyclamates that caused the problems in rats that led to the banning of cyclamates in the coun- trv. I suspect the saccharin has been left on the market because the government didn't want to rush headlong into another decision without all the facts, as occurred with cyclamate mess. Playing Both Sides? B Cromley Cromley lure accompanying your column was really you. "That picture is me!" Are you right? Shouldn't you have written. "That picture is I?" Or is it I who am wrong'.' KENNETH L. DKAR KENNETH: You are right. The picture is I. But it is you who IS wrong, i And right now I am so confused. I don't know if vou are wrong or I is.) DKAR ABBY: I'll get right to the point. Should I marry for love or money? I'm a 24-year-old woman and have a choice. LOVE OR MONEY DKAR L: Whatever turns you on. Some people are more turned on by money than they are by love. You don't get. a .lifetime guarantee with either. In one respect, they're alike. They're both wonderful as long as they last. DEAR ABBY: I sew most of my own clothes and am pleased with most of the things I have made. I attend sewing classes, so the word got around that I make my own clothing. I am annoyed by people who. every time they see me in something new. ask: "Did you make that'.'" I think it's as rude a question to ask as: "How much did you pay for that dress?" How should I handle this situation without being rude'.' Please don't tell me 1 should be proud that I can sew because I could also be proud to wear an expensive readymade dress, but I don't want to wear the price tag. LOVES TO SEW- DEAR LOVES: You can't prevent people from questioning you. but you can change your attitude. The ability to make something that resembles an expensive ready-made creation is far more deserving of praise than having the money to buy it. Handmade things are more valuable though less costly when made by your own hands, so don't resent the opportunities to crow a little. Timely Quotes — "Democracy was not brought by the occupying powers. When it comes to democratic traditions, we ourselves occupy one of history's peaks." —President Gustav Heinemann of the Federal Republic of Germany, attacking the idea that democracy was forced on West Germany after World War II. WASHINGTON INKA) — U.S. analysts were ama/.ed at the effectiveness of Soviet weapons tested in last fall's Arab- Israeli war. Hut what has shocked them more is the discovery that essential components of some of the most advanced Red weapons systems clearly reached Russian designers through a series of U.S. and West European security leaks. This discovery serves as a most worrisome portent for our future safety. The Russian buildup of recent years makes effective U.S. defense dependent on staying comfortably- ahead technologically, a lead which cannot be maintained if the Russians have ready access to our latest discoveries. Ironically, the leaks were not developed through the ingenuity of Russian agents. Rather, the critical new devices were virtually handed the Russians for free as a result of major mistakes by analysts of East European countries and because of some wishful Washington thinking as to what motivates the leaders of Yugoslavia and other East European nations. To understand the problem, we must go back roughly two decades to when the Yugoslavs "broke" with the USSR, and the United States thereupon began a daring experiment in foreign aid. The resulting U.S. support of Yugosalvia has since burgeoned into billions of dollars of direct and indirect assistance. The United States has gone so far as to train Yugoslav- pilots and other military officers and technicians. And with the blessings of the State Department and the Pentagon. American companies have delivered the Yugoslavs advanced prototype weapons banned for sale to the Russians and Chinese. The theory was that nationalism is stronger than communism, and that if it came to a showdown, the Yugoslavs would put their own interests before those of Moscow and would resist Russian aggression. In the shaky world of these past two decades, this seemed a sound investment to both American conservatives and liberals. A conservative hardliner, in fact, conceived the program. Recently, however, a sense of shock has spread through those Communist watchers who deal with the most sensitive of technical material. Convincing evidence is now at hand that Yugoslavia is serving as a conduit through which Moscow secures Western military secrets. As a result, at least one U.S. firm has recently- cancelled a highly profitable deal with the Yugoslavs and another has refused any business with them. The Yugoslavs have made much of their "defiance" of the Russians and their role as a leader of the "neutralist" nations. After the Russian invasion of Czechoslovakia, the Yugoslavs reorganized their forces, set up an area defense system, and ordered local troops to continue fighting as guerrillas if Russia should capture the country and force the central government to declare resistance at an end. Marshall Tito himself told Americans this reorganization was intended to insure Yugoslavia would not suffer the fate of East Germany. Hungary and Czechoslavakia at Russian hands. Polly's Pointers Stretch Your Heat By Polly Cramer POLLY DEAR POLLY — Here are two Pointers that are energywise? Before opening your hot oven to check on a dish, make it a point to have your potholders. baster. turning.,.fork, thermo m e t e r. or whatever you'll need ready. Then expensive heat won't be escaping while you search for them. Also, before turning on the dishwasher,'if it's not quite full, look around the kitchen. You'll give the room extra sparkle if you use that space in the dishwasher for the sink stoppers, bric-a-brac, cannister lids. Terrarium cover, salt shakers, or anything else which has collected dust. (Remove plastic items before the drying cycle.) P.S. I really enjoy your column but usually prefer Pointers to Pet Peeves. (POLLY'S NOTE: Thank you for the back-pat. Sometimes it takes "peeves" to get something corrected.) POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — A cup of coffee was spilled on the new white felt cloth on my dining table. I used cold water to blot it up but it left a terrible brown streak. Any help, anyone? — MRS. A.C.S. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with the senseless procedure used by mail order and business companies who ask one to put the account num- ber on the outside of the envelope when corresponding with them. Anyone who knows your name, address and account number can simply write in and charge to you whenever they wish and they only have to say there has been a change of address in the meantime. It seems an outrage that customers are expected to risk this. — A.M. DEAR POLLY — I think the safest way for Naomi to have a nice looking . scrapbook for her keepsakes is to get a photograph album that has plastic filler pages so no tape will have to be used. Newspaper clippings, wedding napkins, etc.. will stay in place in the fillers and will not fade. Flat articles could be placed in back to back and show from both sides. I also know from experience that odd photographs stay pretty this way. too. — DOLLIE. DEAR POLLY — When patching shirt sleeves you can do a much neater job if the part of the sleeve to be mended is put in embroidery hoops. Trim around the hole, cut the patch larger than the hole and pin it on the underneath side. Turn under edges around hole and stitch close to the edges. — H.B. DEAR POLLY — When the bristles on your toilet brush get bent and worn just bend the brush the opposite way and get twice the use from it. - MRS. B. Daily Times Herald . 50H .\iirlh 1'iiiirl Street I'.irrnll hwii Kxrrpl Simdavs iiiul llnhdavs nthtT than Washing- Mirthiliu .mil Veteran s Day by I he Herald shm^ CnMip.inv .IAMKS W WILSON. Publisher HOWAItmt WILSON. Ktliltir W I. KKITX. News Kdiiur .IAMKS It WILSON. Virr ('resident Ueiieral Manager Knlered as seroml rlass mailer al the post-tiffin 1 at Car- rnll lima, miderlhe.iel til Miin-li2. IIW7 MemlxT uf the Assnnaied I'ri'ss Tlir Assurialrd I'ress is entitled exclusively In the uv for repiililiratiun nl all (he local news printed in this newspaper .is well as all Al 1 ilispatrhes Illdi lal Paper nl Counh andl'ily SiiliM-riplinn Kates IK ran in lim di-livei \ per week t CO HV MAIL I'arrnll t'utinlN anil All Adjoining futilities where r.irriiT service is nut atailahlc (lervear S'&OO Outside nl I'arrnll anil Ailjmmit|> I'minlies in /lines | anil 'i per Near fa 00 Alluiher Mail mlllr I mU-il Stales, per \ear $2700 BERRY'S WORLD © 1974 by NEA. Inc. "You can't believe what you read. The idea that men's hair styles are getting shorter is establishment propaganda!"
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