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Turmoil in the Justice Department; Weighed on its Own Scales -By NBA/London Economist News Service WASHINGTON- Next to the White House, itself, probably no agency of government has suffered from the Watergate scandals as much as the Department of Justcie. Of the three predecessors of William Saxbe, the present Attorney. General, John Mitchell is on trial, Richard Kleindienst resigned under a cloud and the third, Elliot Richardson, resigned rather than obey an order from the President. It proved impossible for the Justice Department to investigate thoroughly, or to be seen to investigate thoroughly, or to be seen to do so, allegations of misconduct in the White House. Much of the conflict of loyalties arises from the traditional practice of Presidents using the office to reward principals in their election campaigns. P re sident Truman appointed Howard McGrath, Wall Lake Man Home on Leave WALL LAKE — Sunday afternoon callers in the home of Mrs. Minnie Peters were Mr. and Mrs. Jackie Culbertson and children. Jackie, who was home on a 30 day furlough, will report back to England this week. Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Ogren and Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Ogren and children took Perry Osborn home to Des Moines Saturday evening and were overnight guests in the Al Osborn home. On Sunday, they attended the baptism of Christopher William Osborn, infant son of the Al Osborn's. A Monday evening supper guest in the William Schwanz home was Wilmer Pfannkuch of Pelican Rapids, Minn. Weekend guests in the Harry Cook home were Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Salzar and family of Omaha. On Sunday, Mr. and Mrs. Cook and Mr. and Mrs. Salzar and family attended the wedding of Mrs. Cook's niece, Debra Buettner to Steve Engle at Sioux City. Mr. and Mrs. Harold Wollesen and Tim Wollesen returned home last Monday evening after spending the weekend in the Marvey Peters home at Selby, S. D. Enroute home they called on Mrs. Wbllesen's aunt, Mrs. Emma Dermo at a nursing home in Madison. President Eisenhower, appointed Herbert Brownell, President Kennedy appointed his brother Robert and President Nixon appointed Mitchell. The latter was, of course. Mr. Nixon's campaign manager in 1968 and in part of the 1972 campaign and served as Attorney General in the interim. Hospital Board Elects Officers And Directors LAKE CITY - Re-elected directors for three-year terms of Stewart Memorial Hospital, Lake City, at their annual meeting on April 11 at the I.F'.S. community room were Austin Farley, M. E. Peterson and Joel Swanson, Lake City; Carl Bruns, Jr. Auburn; and Leonard Somers, Lohrville. Elected for & two-year term by the board at a recent meeting was Robert Carlson of Cowrie, replacing Roger Glasnapp. Reports of M. E. Peterson, president; W. G. Meinen, treasurer, and Edward Maahs, administrator, showed that the hospital had its best year in 1973 since its opening in March 1962. The million dollar expansion program now going on will increase its capacity from 41 to 60 beds. There will also be added conveniences such as a family room, a patients' lounge, and increased snack bar,, kitchen and laundry room facilities. At th« board reorganization meeting after the general meeting, all officers were re-elected: M. E. Peterson, president; Glenn Hobart. vice president; W. G. Meinen. treasurer: and Mrs. Herbert Doty, secretary. The board of directors includes: from Lake City, M. E. Peterson, Glenn Hobart, W. G. Meinen, Austin Farley. Joel Swanson, Mrs. Harold Johnson, D. L. Christensen, Lewis Mathews; from Rockwell City. Mrs. Carroll Hildreth, Mrs. Herbert Doty, from Lohrville, Leonard Somers; from Cowrie. Robert Carlson; from Auburn, Carl Bruns, Jr.; from Lanesboro, Paul Zimbeck; and from Farnhamville, Merlyn Stringer. Under the nominal supervision of the Justice Department is the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the director of which is appointed by the White House. J. Edgar Hoover was never anyone's man but his own, but his successor, Patrick Gray, bent pitifully, even to the extent of burning Watergate evidence, under the demands made of him by staff from the White House. These are some of the problems on which Senator enforcements of anti-trust law Sam Ervin (D—S.C.)hasbeen and civil rights had to be in holding hearings before his JTd'nJX AD"™"' I™ 7 line with election pledges and Judiciary subcommittee on ' that a President Kennedy the separation of powers. Specifically, witnesses were asked their opinion of a bill sponsored by Senator Ervin that would make the Justice Department virtually independent of the executive. Under the bill the Attorney General would continue to be appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, Iowa Bookshelf Edited by Mary Ann Riley PILGRIM ATTINKER CREEK By Annie Dillard. (Harper's Magazine Press, $7.95) Even if she never writes another word, praise for Annie Dillard will be loud, long and lasting. She is a word-artist, a nature-lover and astute observer, and she is a philosopher. She is widely read and her references are always apt; she is so imaginative that her figures of speech give a reader undreamed-of pictures. And she knows her material better than writers dealing with people ever can. She writes of the natural world around her house in the Blue Ridge Mountains. This book tells what goes on there every season, and so much . does (and she makes it seem so exciting), the world of. human affairs seems sterile and unreal when one puts the • book down. Space does not permit many examples; but when a frog once began to shrink before her eyes "his very skull seemed to collapse and settle like a kicked tent." He'd been bitten by a Giant Water Bug which poisons its victim "dissolving muscles, bones and organs which the bug sucks out." Violence is in nature; so is incredible beauty. The free-fall descent of a mockingbird "was an act as careless and spontaneous as the curl of a stem or the kindling of a star." •This is a book to own and cherish, to read aloud from and reread to oneself. Of herself, Annie Dillard says. "I am a wanderer...who finds in nature grace tangled in a rapture with violence." Marv AnnRilev WORKING By Studs Terkel. (Pantheon Books, $10.00) Wherein the work-ethic gets soundly drubbed. I n • h i s tape recorded-interview writing technique, Louis Terkel, Chicago's discoverer of the-voice-in-print, explores thoughts and emotions of workers from all walks of life. From medic to mechanic, from piano tuner to pimp, from bureaucrat to stock broker to banker, from assembly line felt flapper to factory owner. Only three or four of 133 interviewed are content with their lives spent in a society which worships Gross National Product. (Notably, a priest and a teacher; both willingly working with children in ghettos.) Turkel, himself, makes no comment or conclusions. There it is; take it or leave it. This author's technique worked powerfully in his previous books, "Hard Times: An Oral History of The Great Depression" and "Divison Street: America", and it works equally well here. This book may not be great literature but it's great sociology. It may not be exactly "fun" reading but any reader with the slightest interest in his fellow human beings will find the content fascinating. He will also close the book with the comforting thought: "—and I thought I was the only freak enduring a stupid, frustrating world!" Ten dollars is not too high a price to pay for a book of lasting value — one which the reader might want to re-read ten or twenty years from now. — Kelly Adrian But he would serve a six-year term, unlike the President, whose term is four years, and be removable only for ''neglect of duty or malfeasance in office". The Deputy Attorney General and Solicitor General would be appointed and serve under the same conditions. The Attorney General would appoint his nine Assistant Attorneys General, United States Attorneys and the director of the FBI, the latter to serve a four-year term. Saxbe commented at a press conference that he did not think that "the country is ready for this bill". And, except for one witness who suggested that Congress look at the British practice of giving the Lord Chancellor the more political role and keeping the Attorney General as a chief prosecutor, most of those testifying at the hearings agreed with him. Most witnesses claimed that politics, in the sense of policy, was essential to the direction of the department, that spurgeons Spurgeon's Beauty Salon Phone: 792-1656 |ebwoy to Jamaica! win o FREE trip for two to Jamaica! LAST WEEK TO REGISTER! REGISTER until April 30 in our foundation department- No purchase necessary; winner need not be present at drawing! YOU MAY BE the winner of an all expense-paid vacation for two! One lucky customer from Spurgeon's Midwest stores will win! FLY AIR JAMAICA first class! Stay 4 days and 3 nights in Montego Bay at the Casa Montego Hotel! monTEGo airJamaica livable has the Minimum! for Sunshine Dressing! 3 5 °and4 5 ° A. Every-Switch-Way convertible halter bra adjusts for bareback or halter. Light fiberfill lining, A,B,C, 3.50. B. Strapless bra converts to halter or regular bra (straps included). Fiberfill. shaped; hidden flat, flexible underwire. A,B,C, 4.50. C. 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At a lower level, however, a need was seen for new guidelines to shield the department from outside influences; suggestions included extending the Hatch Act's ban on partisan political activity by civil servants to all employees of the department, keeping a public record of all outside communications to and from the department (a reform in fact instituted by Richardson and continued by Saxbe), and creating a career legal service, to which all United States Attorneys, their assistants and federal marshals would belong. As additional food for thought for the committee, other actual or potential conflicts of interest were raised. For instance, the department has the power of recommendation for all federal judgeships, while at the same time it is the biggest single litigator before those judges. Similarly, besides the power of prosecution, the department also has responsibility for the federal prison system and parole and pardons — "from the dock to the block". Various witnesses suggested dividing up this wide jurisdiction. One answer to the problems that a scandal such as Watergate poses for the department might be to leave its basic structure intact except for the creation of a new and permanent special prosecutor's office. So far Congress has not moved very far along this line. Last autumn, after the firing of Archibald Cox. the first special Watergate prosecutor, some members of the Senate Judiciary Committee were keen to name a successor to Cox by congressional statute. But this attempt was shelved as Leon Jaworski, who was nominated by Mr. Nixon, began to show his independence. Senator Alan Cranston (D—Cal.) was one of the men behind the attempt, and he is now offering a bill to set up a commission that would study the need for and feasibility of a- permanent special prosecutor's office. This bill was also considered in the recent Senate hearings and, perhaps because it is only a proposal to set up a study, it met with more approval than the Ervin bill. The Cranston and Ervin bills should properly be considered as alternatives; the passage of both is probably unnecessary. For the moment, however, work is going forward on both. *• The Economist of London spurgeons The FRESHEST and the BRIGHTEST LOOKS at SPURGEON'S Dress fair! Sidewalk Art Fair in Carroll Saturday, April 27 Spurgeon's Beauty Salon Phone: 792-1656 THIS WEEK—JUNIORS in the spotlight! Flippy dresses, pantsets, skirt sets, sizzlers, in white and divine pastels, solids, prints and rib knits! Sizes 3 to 13 in the group—dozens and dozens of styles to choose from! Hurry in for the newest, freshest looks in town! A. Coat style, 5-13 12.99 B. Double collar doubleknit with French cuffs, 5-13 14.99 C. Pointelle knit, 5-13 12.99 D. Tie back with bikini, 5-13 13.99 E. 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